The Texhoma Argus (Texhoma, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 23, 1914 Page: 2 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
THE ARGUS, TEXHOMA, OKLAHOMA
TO STUDY ROAD CONDITIONS
Data Being Sought Looking Toward
Standardized System of Local
Detailed studies of local road build-
ing systems lit 100 counties are now
being carried on by the department of
agriculture In co-operation with the
state highway departments and local
The purpose of this study Is to dis-
cover the points of excellence and de-
fects in existing local methods of
building and maintaining roads which
will aid the state authorities to put
local road management on a systema-
tized basis. The co-operating state au
thorities have been asked to desig-
nate counties that present typical and
exceptional features as to topography,
character of road materials, method*
of construction and maintenance, ad
ministrative organisation, methods of
road financing and traffic conditions.
From these lists 100 counties will be
selected, and in these counties the
division of road economics will make
This investigation is prompted by
the fact that there is at present \ejs
little knowledge as to the most ef-
fective and economical methods by
which a county can develop Its roads.
At present the methods of financing
local road Improvements vary from
Rolling a Road 8urface.
calling on farmers for a certain nunv
ber of days labor in lieu of a road tax,
or the use of county prisoners in road
construction, to bond lseues or main-
tenance of roads from dratnshop
The department will study all of
theae systems with the view to deter-
mining what system or combination of
systems workB best in actual practiss.
There le, however, at present no
standard system of keeping accounts
for road building and maintenance,
and as a result, while some counties
know to a penny the purpose for which
money was spent, others have no defi-
nite check or reporting system. Among
various counties with the same condi
tlons, cost for excavation or other la
bor le anything but uniform, and many
counties, because of the absence of
definite knowledge, fall to use local
and cheap materials and construct
roads which are unnecessarily expen-
sive for their purpose, or which will
wear out before the bond Issues are re-
deemed. The investigation will in-
clude a careful study of the use of con
vict labor in road construction.
In connection with the scientific
etudy, the department's highway en
gineers will advise freely with local
officials as to improvements, and thus
give each county visited the advan-
tage of direct co-operation, engineer
lng supervision and assistance.
These Investigations, it is believed,
will yield Important economic data
bearing especially on the benefits and
burdens of road Improvement and
showing the extent to which financial
outlay under given typical conditions
The heads of state highway depart-
ments are manifesting great interest
and are co-operating cordially in this
work. These data when obtained will
be published and thus made accessible
to all county and state road officials.
Letting Sun Shine on Highway.
The earth road should have at least
six hours of sunshine each day. This
can be obtained either by locating the
road with southern or western expos-
ure or by having such brush and trees
as Impede the drying action of the sun
and wind removed. With gravel and
stone roads this Is not so necessAr.v, as
a certain amount of moisture Is needed
on such roads, especially In the sum-
Brings Market Nearer.
The good road brings the market
nearer to your farm and adds materi-
ally to the value of the place, whether
you want to sell or live there.
8eeking Dry Roadbeds.
Roads should never be located sa
close to stream beds as to be subject
to overflow, or on ground which la
constantly damp and marshy.
Every Cltl*en Interested.
A highway is no longer of purelj
local Interest. Every citlten of a state
la interested in the road®.
THE FINEST IN THE STATE
These Barred Rocks, Owned by the A. and M. College, Are Said to Be the
Best in Oklahoma.
The Oklahoma A. & M. College at Stillwater Is acquiring a great
national reputation as a breeder of the very highest class of pullet-line
Uarred Plymouth Rocks. The college will raise all of the young stock pos-
sible from this pen this season. Therefore it will be impossible to supply
eggs for hatching from this pen. There will, however, be a limited amount
of young stock from this pen for disposal in the fall. By next season the
college plans to be in a position to furnish a large amount of this blood-
line to the farm poultry raisers of Oklahoma.
An idea of the quality of this pen may be gained from the fact that the
best poultry judges and leading Barred Plymouth Rock breeders of the
southwest have pronounced this pen of birds the best pen of female line
Barred Plymouth Rocks they have ever seen in Oklahoma.
MAKE CHICKENS ROOST HIGH
DOMESTIC ANIMALS IN OKLAHOMA
The following table summarizes the statistics of domestic animals on
farms for the state, recorded as of April 15, 1910. Cattle and sheep are di-
vided into age and sex groups, while horses, mules, and swine are presented
by age groups only.
Of the total number of farms enumerated, 183,820, or 96.7 per cent, report
domestic animals of some kind, the number without any domestic animals be-
Age and Sex Group.
Heifers born in 1909.
Steers and bulls ...
Unclassified cattle .
Mares, stallions, and *
Colts iiorn In 1909
Colts horn after .Ian. 1,
V'nclaHsifled horses ...
Mules horn before Jan. 1, 1909. .
Mule colts born In 10(19
Mule colts born after Jan. 1, 1910
Asses and burrc
Hogs ami pigs born befoi
Pigs born after Jan. 1, 1910
Kwes born before Jan. 1, 1910. .
Rams and wethers born before
Jan. 1, 1910
Lambs born after Jan. 1, 1910..
Number of all
Cattle are reported by 82.5 per cent of all farms, "dairy cows" by 80.8
per cent, and "othjr cows" by only 22.4 per cent. The average value of
"dairy cows" increased from $27.84 In 1900 to $30.28 in 1910, while that of
cows not kept for dairy purposes remained almost unchanged. The average
number of "dairy cows" per farm reporting that class is 7. In 1900 the
average number of "other cows" per farm was 24.
Horses are reported by 85.8 per cent of all the farmers in the state,
yearling colts by 21 per cent, and spring colts by 13.1 per cent. The average
values of horses of the different age groups have more than doubled since
1900. Mules are reported by 47.6 per cent of the farmers, and are slightly
over one-third as numerous as horses. Their average values are considerably
higher than those for horses of the corresponding age groups.
Sheep and lambs are reported from only 880 farms, or 0.5 per cent of all
farms in the state. Of these farms, 67.5 per cent report spring lambs, the
number of the latter being equal to 32.6 per cent of the number of ewes.
The average flock In the state, including all classes, numbers 71, and the
average number of ewes per farm reporting that class Is about 51.
Of all farms, 71.4 per cent report swine, the average number being about
14 per farm reporting. The average value of the swine reported tinder the
head of "hogs and pigs born before January 1, 1910," is $8.61, and that of
spring pigs is $2.48.
FINE OKLAHOMA FARM HOME
The brilliant vegetation of nil the flowers and vegetables has made Okla-
homa farm homes mighty attractive. This is the home of a prosperous
farmer near 101 Reno.
Hydro Big Shipping Point
Between Nov. 1, 1913, and May 1,
1914, there were shipped from Hydro
carloads of farm products as follows:
The kafirs, 142; corn, 99; hogs, 76;
cattle, 40; wheat, 19; horses and
mules, 9; hay. 9; poultry, 9; cotton,
7. The value of these shipments was
over $450,000, of which the kafirs (and
sorghum seed) comprised more than
Cultivated Tillable Land.
Only 27 per cent of the tillable land
of the United States is actually under
cultivation, according to the Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
A big stack of cane hay is not to
be despised on any farm, It ts es-
pecially valuable where native hay
grasses are scarce. May is a good
month to get a patch of sorghum cane
started on the way toward making an
abundance of rough feed for your
stock next winter. To be sure, it's
"hard on the land" because it pro-
duces so much per acre. But it's hard-
er on the stock to go without feed,
or on the man who ban to borrow
Jioney to biijr feed.
Irony From John Bull.
Some enterprising firm had better
start cheap excursions to America, so
that we can see the old masters occa-
Look After the Silo
J A little attention to the silo right
I now may save a lot of trouble later.
;Stave silos without roofs on them
j ought not to be expected to stund up
through the drying winds without any
attention. The roof is of first import-
ance. It will keep the staves from
j drying out so completely and will not
| let the winds get a Arm grip on the
silo. The hoops should be tight
enough to prevent wabbling In the
wind, and the guy wires should be
U&ht and firmly anchored.
Health and Vitality of Young Fowli
Injured by Overcrowding When
Placed In Small Coop*.
Because overcrowding In small
coops placed near the ground tends to
injure the health and vitality of young
chickens, it is advisable to teach them
to use perch roosts as early as possi-
ble and practicable.
James G Halpin, in charge of the
poultry department of the college of
agriculture of the University of Wis-
consin, lays much of the blame for
mortality among young cHickens dur-
ing the early winter months from roup
and similar diseases to a neglect on
the part of their owners in not seeing
that they are placed on roosts early in
When chickens are left out on
frosty nights in an improvised shelter
they are sure to huddle close together
and In this way the bodily tempera-
ture is raised far above normal, ma-
king it easy for them to catch colds,
which often lead to fatal diseases.
Further development, so important to
fowls in the northern states, Is also
retarded as a result of these improper
The charge that "crooked breast"
is, a sure result of placing chickens
on roosts too early ti) Che season is
partially refuted by Mr Halpin, who
believes that by using flat perches
most of the danger from that trouble
may be avoided He recommends
that two by fours, turned edgewise,
be used for roosts where the span to
be covered is over eight feet.
If the bouse or coops, la which the
young chickens have bei"% sheltered
during the summer months, are large
enough and nicely ventilated, perches
ma.v b* installed and the young flock
accommodated in them.
Whenever It is found necessary to
coop the young chickens in with the
older fowls, a screen should be used
to keep the two flocks separate until
the young chicks become strong
enough to roost with the others.
BARRIERS FOR ALL VERMIN
Roosts Laid on Frame Supported by
Four Legs Placed In Cans of Oil
Keep Mites Away.
These two drawings will give you
an idea of a scheme I have put to use
to keep mites oft the roosts and out of
the nest boxes. 1 am not troubled
with mites now at>> they cannct get to
the hens. The roosts are laid on a
frame which rests on four short legs,
writes Mrs. G. Ogburn of Snyder,
Okla., In Farmer's Mall and Breeze.
Level and Easily Movable.
The legs are placed In tin cans and
the cans are kept partially filled with
coal oil. The nest box is also mount-
ed on four legs set in cans containing
coal oil. The box must Bot come in
contact with the wall at any point.
This arrangement Is especially good
for sitting hens.
Of course these devices alone will
not keep the mites down. They are
only helps. I clean out the house
Js I I I k Pk
Out of Reach of the Mites.
thoroughly and keep it so. I scald It
out frequently and throw ashes about
on the floor The hens seem to like
their quarters for I often find them
taking a dust bath in the ashes.
Kill Disease Germs.
A couple of grains of permanganate
of potash In a couple of quarts of wa-
ter will kill disease germs in it. This
permanganate will at first turn the
water red. It is fine for roup or colds;
also it kills all that low animal life
that makes slime and green scum on
the bottom and sides of the drinkinp
Old Hen and Brood.
Don't allow the old hen and her
brood to run in the poultry yard with
older fowls, but keep them on a clean,
fresh plot of earth away from the
Careful In Feeding Cornmeal.
Be careful about feeding commea
wet up. It la all right at a change ati
the chick grows, but not an a steady
diet—too beating and conatlpatlng.
> • '-V- '«•
—it answers every beverage re
quirement—vim, vigor, refreshment,
It will satisfy you
Demand the genuine by full name-
Nicknames encourage substitution.
THE COCA-COLA COMPANY
you see an
The Way of Progress.
A dog barking at a passing automo-
bile is generally supposed to be as tell-
ing a symbol of futile objection to the
march of progress as could well be
Imagined. In the almost same category,
however, belongs the strike of the
stevedores in New Orleans against the
Introduction of the electric truck to
transport freight between vessels and
warehouses. The wonder is that this
improvement has been so long delayed
instead of only now appearing—and
then as a source of a new labor diffi-
culty. One cannot have much sym-
pathy for opposition in this particular
Instance. The motor vehicle in all of
its forms has come to stay, and the
rest of the world has been rather rap-
idly adjusting itself to the new condi-
your complexion troubles with your
powder puff — no need of either
When you use pure, harmless
"The ALL DAY BEAUTY POWDER"
At all dealers or by mail 50c.
Zona Co., Wichita, Kansas,.
ECZEMA ITCHED AND BURNED
R. F. D. No. 2, Seymour, Mo.—"My
scalp broke out with fine pimples at
the start. They Itched and burned so
much that I was compelled to scratch
them and they would fester and come
to a head and break out again. The
trouble was attended by such burning
and itching I could not sleep, also
when I sweat it burned the same.
My hair fell out gradually and the
scalp kept rough and dry with itching
and burning. After about two years
the pimples broke out between my
shoulders. My clothing irritated them.
I was troubled with that eczema five
or six years.
"I tried everything that was recom-
mended without any benefit until 1
used the Cutlcura Soap and Ointment
according to directions, and Cuticura
Soap and Ointment cured me sound
and well in two weeks." (Signed) S.
L. Kllllan, Nov. 22, 1912.
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Sample of each
free,with 32-p. Skin Book. Address post-
card "Cuticura, Dept. L, Boston."—Adv.
Rubbing It In.
"Why does that lady grin so every
time she sees you?"
"She knows I'm only getting $10 a
"But why the grin?"
"I was engaged to her once and
broke it off, and she afterward mar-
ried a millionaire."
"Is your father growing old grace-
"No; he positively refuses to learn
The American Farmer.
All things recalled, wouldn't it be
the part of statesmanship to do con-
gressionally for the American farmer?
He's one-fourth of your population,
and the nation's best hope. The
American merchant borrows at five
per cent. The American stock gam-
bler, producing nothing, accomplish-
ing nothing, a merest leech living by
toil of others, borrows for even
less. The American farmer, with all
that can be said to his good and solv-
ent advantage, must and does pay 8%
And all the time the savings and
postal banks are bulging with billions.
If the government would make two
blades of grass grow where but one
has grown before—and publicly it
would pay—the wide-flung chance lies
open. Let it model action on French
or German lines, and place the farmer
on a borrowing par with the merchant
the manufacturer and the stock job-
ber. Let it evolve a system of farm
loans which shall put those savings:
and postal bank billions at a per cent
within the farmer's borrowing reach.
The Favorite Bait.
"Oh, do let me see that page!" said
Mrs. Twobble to Mr. Twobble, who
was reading the morning newspaper.
"The Mammoth department store has
a new sale advertised."
"Umph!" snorted Mr. Twobble, as
he handed the paper to his wife. "Any-
thing reduced besides jardinieres?"
Bright, I Say.
"Algy makes very sure of himself
before he does any boasting."
"A safe blower, eh?"
TOl'R OWN DRrOGIST Will, TELL TOD
Try Murine Kye Ketuody for ll.-d, Weak, Water,
Kyes and Granulated Kyellds: No Smarting—
lust Kye Comfort. Write for Book of the ifly#
by mail Free. Murine Kye Remedy Co., Chicago.
A healthy horse eats nine times Its
weight in food in a year; a healthy
6heep six times.
^JThe picnic it incomplete without Libby'* good things
^ to eat Ready to serve—no fuss and bother. There are
ft Dumber of Libby Luncheon cpecialties at your grocer's.
Get acquainted with them.
Libby, McNeill & Libby
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Buckley, Joe L. The Texhoma Argus (Texhoma, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 23, 1914, newspaper, July 23, 1914; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metapth351210/m1/2/: accessed December 16, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.