Barnard, W. F. The Independent. (Cashion, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 32, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 16, 1909, newspaper, December 16, 1909; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc98639/m1/1/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .