Barnard, W. F. The Independent. (Cashion, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 40, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 11, 1909, newspaper, February 11, 1909; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc98585/m1/1/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .