The Press-Democrat. (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 11, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, March 20, 1903 Page: 3 of 8
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UNITED STATES PUBLIC LANDS
WILL SOON BE EXHAUSTED
TRUE HISTORY OF THE LIFE
AND DEEDS OF ST. PATRICK
/ \ \
There are strange notions regard-
ing St. Patrick, Apostle and Bishop of
Ireland. Many people still believe St.
Patrick to be a peasant-boy, who came
.suddenly into prominence and earned
his title by killing all deadly reptiles
In Ireland with the wave of his hand.
Shorn of fiction, the life of St. Patrick
is one of deep interest. The wise men
claim St. Patrick as a Scotchman, Eng-
lishman, Frenchman, Spaniard, or
Welshman, but every son of Erin
knows that the saint was an Irish-
man. St. Patrick was of the Irish
royal blood, and to show that he was
not of any other nationality let us ex-
amine his ancestry. His father was
Calphurnius, a deacon, son of Potitus,
a priest in the Roman Catholic church.
His mother was Conc.hessa, a near rel-
ative to St. Martin of Tours. Potitus
was son of Odais, son of Connudli, son
of Leobut; son of M son of Oda.
son of Ore. son of Murtc, son of Ore,
aon of Leo. sen t f MaJume. son of Otb-
rag. son of Kmlede, sou of Ruse, son
of Piliste, son of Pherum (Farine),
son of Briottan Maol, son of Fearghus
Lethdug, son of Nunhaidh, a quo of
the Nundians, who were descended of
Magog, son of Japhet. Calphurnius
was the Latinization of (he Celtic, Cal-
pum; the later form was Maculpum,
now MacAlpin, one of the early royal
families in Scotland, who came into
that country from Ireland, where they
were of the royal and noble lineage.
As a child, St. Patrick was called Sue-
cat,. but when he was baptized into
the Catholic faith his name was
changed to Paderic, or Patrick, which
means "a nobleman." So here is our
saint's name, Patrick McAlpin, who
as a boy first came into historical
prominence in Gaul, then a Roman
St. Patrick landed in Ireland as a
missionary in 132 A. D. Ireland at
that time was peopled by a tierce and
fiery race of sun and idol worshipers,
whose priests were the Druids. They
had, strange to say, a code of morals
of their own. and they treated women
with the greatest consideration. They
were barbarians, for the Romans, who
for nearly 400 years had been the con-
querors of Britain, had to acknowledge
that they could do nothing with the
people of Ireland. Invincible in war-
fare, they were, too, and their code of
morals, which gave them rugged
health, was perhaps as much to be
credited with this result as their valor
on the field. St. Patrick landed in
County Meath. His first convert was
Benignus, a boy at the house of whose
parents the saint stopped. The next
convert was Prince Diehn, who, hear-
ing of the landing of St. Patrick, came
down to the coast to drive him and
his religion into the sea. But Prince
Diehn's sword arm became rigid as
marble when he attacked St. Patrick,
and Diehn, finding that he was dealing
with some one above the human, ac-
cepted Christianity and was baptized.
St. Patrick's great ambition was the
conversion of his old master, Prince
Milchu. He traveled north in the di-
rection of Milchu's. castle, but when
he came in sight of it a great red light
in the sky caused him to halt in won-
der. He soon learned the cause of the
glare. His fame as a converter of
souls to Christ had preceded him.
Something made the old warrior Mil-
chu feel, when he heard that St. Pat-
rick was traveling to his castle, that
he would be led to desert the gods of
his fathers. Milchu determined to
prevent such a humiliating fate by dy-
ing as he had lived, so he set fire to
his ancestral home and perished in the
flames sooner than be converted by St.
Patrick. From the funeral pyre of his
old master, St. Patrick burned with a
new and brilliant idea in view." The
court of King Laeghaire (Anglicized
to O'Leary, and ancestor of that fam-
ily), son of Nial Mor. of the time of
the Nine Hostages, 120th monarch of
Ireland, whose reign opened 37X A. D
(he married first Inne, daughter of
Prince Luichdrach, and became am es
tor of the princely families O'Neil and
McNeil—St. Brigid, or Bridget, who
is the patron saint of Ireland, is of
this house), was about to meet to cele-
brate the festival of the Fes of Tara.
Here all the priests and dignitaries
gathered to worship in the national
fashion, and St. Patrick determined to
strike a blow at the fountain head at
once. The sequel showed how wise a
determination it was. As he approarh-
ed the vicinity of the palace, St. Pat-
rick lighted a fire, to camp for the
night. This was a grave offense, for
no fires were allowed to be lighted un-
til the sacrificial fire of the following
morning was ignited. The king saw
the rebellious blaze in the distance,
and sent to find out who had kindled
St. Patrick was discovered sitting as
bold as a lion at his fireside on the
plain, in company with a few follow-
ers. The king, who knew too well with
whom he had to deal, ordered St. Pat-
rick to bo brought to the idolatrous
celebration on the following morning
to pit his supernatural powers against
those of the court magicians and high
priests. At daybreak, therefore, be-
hold the Druidical high priests and
St. Patrick arrayed against each oth-
er, King Laeghaire and court and peo-
ple looking on expectantly. The Druids
had the first inning. They made snow
fall to the depth of several feet, but
they could not get rid of the beautiful.
They caused black darkness to cover
the land, but when they called for light
the light declined to come. So they
had to suffer the ignominy of accept-
ing the proffered assistance of St. Pat-
rick, who caused snow and darkness
to disappear in a twinkling. Then St.
Patrick challenged the t hief priest to
a trial that looked all in favor of the
latter. He proposed to have the priest
placed on a pile of green wood, and
the boy, Benignus, who accompanied
the party, placed on a pile of dry
wood, and a test was made to see
whose God would protect his own
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"If our present system of land acts i The issue is well defined between
If continued five years longer, the en- the big range interests of the West,
tire public domain suitable for settle- J identical as they aro with those of the
ment will be exhausted, and there will Beef trust, and the officers cf the
be no land left for our people who de- United States government, who aro
sire to make homes upon it. determined that the spirit of the law
"During the first ninety days of the ! shall prevail and that the remaining
present fiscal year G,109,000 acres of public lands shall be given only to
government land were filed upon, home builders seeking residence there-
Should this increasing ratio be main- ; upon.
tained, between twenty-five and thirty Many years ago Uncle Sain started
million acres will be taken from the | in the real estate business with a
public domain the present fiscal year."
The above statements are taken
from a report made recently by the
Senate committee on public lands.
This report is the first official evi-
landed property amounting to nearly
two billion acros. There are now
left in the hands of the government
about G00,000,000 acros of this vast
empire. Never before in the history
dence of a declaration of open war ! of the Land Office has the absorption
which has been made between those I oi this land by private interests been
variously concerned with the fate of i so rapid, so eager or so stupendous in
f,he remaining public lands. the acreage involved.
from the flames. The priest accepted,
with the result that he was burned to
ashes, while the flames did not injure
the boy at all. Then King Laeghaire.
with rage in his heart and a smile on
his lips, invited St. Patrick to come
to his palace on the following day.
Armed men were stationed on the
road to kill the saint and his follow
ers, but they saw only a few deer pass
them in the night. Then the king
played his last card. A cup of poison-
ed wine was given St. Patrick when
he reached the palace, but the saint
turned the cup upside down, the poi-
son fell out. and again the king was
foiled. Then he decided to make the
best of it ana gave St. Patrick the
freedom of his kingdom to do as he.
St. Patrick's career began from that
moment. King Laeghaire would not
submit to be baptized, but he showed
that Christianity had made a deep im
presslcm on him.
When his preaching failed to con
vert the heathen St. Patrick lifted the
"staff of Jesus" against the idol,
"when suddenly, by the power of God.
the idol fell on its side and the silver
and gold poured forth from it broken
and powdered into dust and the earth
swallowed up the twelve inferior
gods," images surrounding the chief
idol. On another occasion, when two
brothers were engaged in a fierce com
bat with swords, the saint made theii
arms immovable as stones, staying
them in the air, which miraculous in-
tervention made good Christians of
the brothers. During one Lenten sea
son the apostle retired for prayer to a
mountain in Connaught. It was dur-
ing this retreat that he banished the
serpents from Ireland.
St. Patrick wa3 at Madh where he
was warned tliLt death was near. The
saint proceeded to Armagh, where he
made his episcopal headquarters, as
first Bishop of Armagh. While here
an angel appeared to him in a vision
and gave him minute instructions
about the size and style of the pro
posed cathedral. Accordingly he built
the wall 140 feet long, the gieat hall
was 30 feet long, the kitchen 17 feet,
and the treasury for the sacred vessels
7 feet, as the angel ordained, and
when it was done the saint went to
Rome to bring back a "linen cloth
marked with the blood of our Lord
Jesus Christ," besides certain relics of
SS. Peter and Paul and Stephen. He
was told in a dream to return to thi
province of Uladh, which was the scene
of his first triumphs. When he ar-
rived at Saul he took to his bed and
died on March 17, 492 A. D., sixty
years after his arrival in Ireland, ai
the great age of 120 years. The apos
tie of Ireland and its first bishoi
breathed his last surrounded by con-
verts of his ministry. He found in
Ireland 3,000,000 of pagans, and in six
ty years he had ( hanged the religious
aspect of the land so completely that
there was not an idol to be found o
all the land.
BISHOP MANN 19 SEVERE.
North Dakota Prelate Denounces Con-
ditions at the Capital.
The Protestant Episcopal bishop of
North Dakota has created a sensation
CURES CROWS OF STEALING.
How Dutch Farmers Get Rid of the
The following clever way of keep-
ing crows away from a cornfield is
used by the Dutch farmers:
He makes some small caps of stout
paper, and smears round the inner
side of the mouth of each some bird-
lime or other sticky stuff. In these
he puts some grains of corn, and
stands them about his fields by press-
ing their points into soft earth.
When the crow finds one of these
paper caps he thinks himself very
fortunate, until he attempts to peck
at the tempting grain, when, to his
astonishment, he finds the cap at-
tached to his head—a regular fool's
cap—which will not even allow him
to see what course to take if he flies
However he succeeds In reaching
some coarse grass or bushen, and af-
ter much bewildered scrambling and
flopping about gets the head out. of
this undesirable cap, but ever after-
ward avoids the field where there are
more of them.
B/SHCP CAKflPOh' MNN
throughout the state with the public
statement he issued recently, in
which he says conditions in Bis-
marck, the state's capital, are dis-
graceful, corrupting and inexcusable,
"at least during the legislative ses-
sion," when the leading hotel of Bis-
marck "presents the features of a
saloon, a gambling house and a
brothel." He appeals to the people
of the state to improve conditions he
alleges to exist.
The desirability of a legislative in-
vestigation of the bishop's charges
was discussed in Bismarck, but no
SANKEY'S SIGHT NOT GOING.
Alarming Rumor About the Great
Evangelist Is Denied.
Almost everybody has, at some
time or other, sung out of the Moody
& Sankey hymn book. And last
week it was said that Ira D. Sankey,
old and in ill-health, had been stricken
. Allen Sankey, eldest son of the
Evangelist, said in reference to his
father's condition: "The report that
father is totally blind, or is going
to be, is an exaggeration. It is true
ho has been having trouble with his
action was decided on. The proprietor eyes for some time and has been
of the hotel, against which his operated upon, but he is getting along
charges were aimed said that his : wen and we trust his sight will be
hotel was no better or worse than little, if any, impaired. Worry about
any similar hostelry during a legis- his eyes and overwork have afTected
lative session. He explained Bishop ' his general health also, but rest will
Mann's attack by saying that the 1
churchman recently stopped at the !
hotel. His room was next to one oc- .
cupied by a number of convivialists,
who were having a jollification meet- |
ing. Liquor was drunk in the room
and some ribald songs were sung, the
meeting being participated in by
some members of the legislature and
Bishop Mann succeeded Bishop Ed-
Ball as the head of the Protestant
Episcopal missionary diocese of
North Dakota. He ia a son of the !
Rev. Duncan Cameron Mann, who
was a Protestant Episcopal minister
in New York, where Bishop Mann
was born fifty-three years ago. He J
was ordained a priest in 187G, and
his first charge was at Albany, N. Y.
When appointed bishop he was rector
of Grace church at Kansas City,
where he had been since 18S2.
Besides The Twenty Or More Who
Were Burned To Death.
THEY CAN N01 BE IDENTIFIED.
Glean, N. Y., Mar. 11.—More than
twenty people were killed and a largo
number injured by an explosion of oil
near here. A freight train on the Erie,
made up principally of oil tank ears
filled with oil, broke in two mid the
two sections of the train came together
with a crash and one of the oil tanks
was demolished. Fire broke out al-
most instantly and the sky was lighted
up for miles. A large crowd of people
left this city for the scene of the lire.
While they were lined out along the
tracks a terrific explosion occurred.
The flames communicated quickly with
the other tanks cars and a second and
third explosion followed each n.iier iu
rapid succession. Sheets of flame shot
out in all directions. Scores of persons
were caught and enveloped in flames.
Men and boys ran screaming down the
tracks, with their clothing ablaze.
Others fell where they stood, overcome
by the awful heat.
The number of dead is known to be
at least eighteen and some estimates
place it as high as twenty-live. More
than forty were more or less seriously
burned, some of whom will die. It is
out of the question to identify any of
the bodies recovered. A prominent
business man said:
"When I was within a quarter of a
mile of the wrecked train, there was a
terrific explosion. Flames shot out-
ward and upward for a great distance.
1 saw several persons who started to
run away drop on the railroad tracks.
They never moved again, others who
had been standing close to the wreck-
age were hurled through the air for
hundreds of feet. The scene was aw-
ful. Half a dozen young boys ran
down the tracks with their clothing on
tire. They resembled human torches.
I could hear their agonized screams
distinctly from the place where I stood
They ran some distance down the
track, then threw themselves to the
ground, and in the ditches in their
efforts to extinguish the flames. Ti.en
they lay still, some of them uncon-
scious; others dead. 1 do not know
how many were killed, but I counted
twenty bodies before I came away."
Irrigation In l inn.
Salt Lake, Mar. 14.—Both branches
of the legislature have passed the state
irrigation bill which is considered the
most important piece of legislation en-
acted in Utah in several years. The
hill will be signed by the governor.
The measure is intended to take the
place of all existing laws on the sub-
ject. It places control of the irrigation
of the state under the direct super-
vision of the state engineer.
Chicago l'ro<ltice Swindler*.
Chicago, Mar. 14.—E. A. Bates and
G. II. Sterns alleged to have swindled
farmers of the. west and northwest to
the extentof 810,000 have been arrested
here. They are said to have received
carloads of produce to sell on commis-
sion and to have appropriated the pro-
ceeds. By frequently changing their
business name they have, it is charged,
eluded the government oflicers for
Texan Declare* Quarantine.
Denver, Mar. 13. — A special to the
Republican from Santa Fe, N. M.,
says: Governor Otero issued a procla-
mation declaring a quarantine agn*nst
cattle from Texas, Oklahoma and Mex-
ico on account of the prevalence of
Texas fever in those sections and es-
tablishing an inspection fee of .'J cents
Old Chest Sold Cheap.
An old oak chest dated 1670 has
been sold at Bristol for £2 14s.
jza ix SAAMEry j* J* jr
set that right. The first physklan
who attended him did not understand
the nature of the trouble and W6
called an oculist, under whose treat*
ment ho now Is."
New York, Mar. 10.—The display of
American gowns gives the Parisian
creations a back seat, according to the
majority of the thousands of women
who fairly scrambled over each other
to view the star creations on exhibition
for the convention of the Dressmakers*
Association of America. At the Fifth
avenue headquarters, where the Pari-
sian gowns are on exhibition, crowds
examined the foreign modiste's crea-
tions, but the greatest interest was in
t.lie Amerienn gowns.
Washington, Mar. 1— President
Roosevelt had a conference with Rep-
resentatives Hill and Calderhead, both
of whom were members of the banking
and currency committee of the house in
the 57th congress. It is the desire of
Messrs. Hill and Calderhead that the
president should use his influence to
bring about financial legislation early
in the Fifty-eighth congress. It is re-
garded quite likely that President
Roosevelt will deal with the subject in
his next message to congress.
W Ciolng to Mexico.
Kansas City, Mo., Mar. 14 —Three
hundred cars of wheat arc in process of
shipment from Kansas City to Mexico.
The movement has been on for several
days and will continue until the entire
shipment is made. The cars arc going
out under contract with the Missouri,
Kansas and Texas railroad, and Grant
\V. Kenney, of the board of trade, is
handling a large part of them. Tariff
on grain was suspended by Republic of
Mexico and the present shipments are
to get the grain in during suspension.
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Fisher, A. C. The Press-Democrat. (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 11, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, March 20, 1903, newspaper, March 20, 1903; Hennessey, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc98353/m1/3/: accessed April 25, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.