Mayes County Republican (Pryor, Okla.), Vol. 11, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 4, 1918 Page: 2 of 8
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MAYES COUNTY REPUBLICAN
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AN M'MM 50LWER
MACHINE OIMEA.BYING IN FRANCE--*
I t) 1*7 BY
EMPEY TAKES HIS FIRST TURN ON THE FIRING STEP OF
THE TRENCH WHILE BULLETS WHIZ OVERHEAD.
8ynopele.—Fired by the sinking of tbe Lusitania, with the loss of
American lives, Arthur Guy Empey, an American living In Jersey City,
goes to England and enlists as a private in the British army. After a
short experience as a recruiting officer In London, he fs sent to train-
ing quarters in France, where he first hears the sound of big gun#
and makes the acquaintance of "cooties.” After a brief period of
training Empey's company Is sent into the front-line trenches.
Mud, Rats and Shells.
I must have slept for two or three
hours, not the refreshing kind that re-
sults from clean sheets and soft pil-
lows, but the sleep that comes from
cold, wet and sheer exhaustion.
Suddenly, the earth seemed to shake
and a thunderclap burst In my ears. I
opened my eyes—I was splashed all
over with sticky mud, and men were
picking themselves up from the bottom
of the trench. The parapet on my left
had toppled into the trench, completely
blocking It with a wall of tossed-up
earth. The man on my left lay still. I
rubbed the mud from my face, and an
awful sight met my gaxe—his head
was smashed to a pulp, and his steel
helmet was full of brains and blood.
A German "Minnie" (trench mortar)
had exploded In the next traverse. Men
were digging Into the soft mass of mud
In a frenxy of haste. Stretcher-bear-
ers came up the trench on the double.
After a few minutes of digging, three
■till, muddy forms on stretchers were
carried down the communication
trench to the rear. Soon they would
be resting “somewhere in France," with
a little wooden cross over their heads.
They bad done their bit for king and
country, had died without firing a shot,
hut their services were appreciated,
Later on, I found out their names.
They belonged to our draft
!• I was dazed and motionless. Sud-
denly a shovel was pushed into my
hands, and a rough but kindly voice
i “Here, my lad, lend a hand clearing
the trench, but keep your head down,
and look out for snipers. One of the
Fritz's is a daisy, and he’ll get you If
you're not careful."
Lying on my belly on the bottom of
the trench, I filled sandbags with the
sticky mud, they were dragged to my
rear by the other men, and the work of
rebuilding the parapet was on. The
harder I worked, the better I felt Al-
though the weather was cold, I was
•oaked with sweat
Occasionally a bullet would crack
'averhead, and a machine gun would
kick up the mud on the basbed-ln para-
pet At each crack I would duck and
shield my face with my arm. One of
the older men noticed this action of
mine, and whispered:
T “Don’t duck at the crack of a bul-
let Yank; the danger has passed—you
never hear the one that wings you.
Always remember that if you are going
to get it you’ll get it so never worry."
This made a great Impression on me
at the time, and from then on, I adopt-
ed his motto, “If you’re going to get it,
you’ll get it."
It helped me wonderfully. I used It
ao often afterwards that some of my
mates dubbed me, “If you're going to
get it, you'll get It."
After an hour’s hard work, all my
nervousness left me, and I was laugh-
ing and joking with the rest.
At one o’clock, dinner came up in
the form of a dixie of hot stew.
I looked for my canteen. It had
fallen off the fire step, and was half
buried In the mud. The man on my
left noticed this, and told the corporal,
dishing out the rations, to put my
share in his mess tin. Then he whis-
pered to me, "Always take care of your
mesa tin, mate."
I had learned another maxim of the
That stew tasted fine. I was as
hungry as a bear. We had “seconds,”
or another helping, because three of
the men bad "gone West," killed by
the explosion of the German trench
mortar, and we ate their share, but
still I was hungry, so I filled In with
bully beef and biscuits. Then I drained
my water bottle. Later on I learned
another maxim of the front line, “Go
gpartngly with your water." The bully
beef made me thirsty, and by tea time
( was dying for a drink, but my pride
would not allow me to ask my mates
Cor water. I was fast learning the
ethics of the trenches.
That night I was put on guard with
an older man. We stood on the fire
step with our bands over the top, peer-
ing out into No Man’s Land. It was
nervous work for me, but the other fel-
low seemed to take it as part of the
Then something shot past my face.
My heart stopped beating, and 1 ducked
mr head below the parapet A soft
chuckle from my mate brought me to
my senses, and I feebly asked, “For
heaven’s sake, what was that?"
He answered. "Only a rat taking a
promenade along the sandbags." I
felt very sheepish.
About every twenty minutes the sen-
try In the next traverse would fire a
star shell from his flare pistol. The
“plop” would give me a start of fright.
I never got used to this noise during
my service In the trenches.
I would watch the arc described by
the star shell, and then stare Into No
Man’s Land waiting for It to burst. In
Its lurid light the barbed wire and
stakes would be silhouetted against It#
light like a latticed window. Then
Once, out in front of our wire, I
heard a noise and 6aw dark forms
moving. My rifle was lying across the
sandbagged parapet. I reached for it,
and was taking aim to fire, when my
mate grasped my arm, and whispered,
"Don’t fire.” He challenged in n low
voice. The reply came back instantly
from the dark forms:
"Shut your blinkin’ mouth, you
bloomin’ Idiot; do you want us to click
It from the Boches?"
Later we learned that the word, “No
clwllenglng or firing, wiring party out
In front," had been given to the sentry
on our right, but he had failed to pass
It down the trench. An officer had over-
heard our challenge and the reply, and
Immediately put the offending sentry
under arrest. The sentry clicked
twenty-one days on the wheel, that is,
he received twenty-one days’ field pun-
ishment No. 1, or "crucifixion,” as
Tommy terms it.
This consists of being spread-eagled
on the wheel of a limber two hours a
day for twenty-one days, regardless of
the weather. During this period, your
rations consist of bully beef, biscuits
A few months later I met this sentry
and he confided to me that since being
"crucified,” he had never failed to pass
the word down the trench when so or-
dered. In view of the offense, the
above punishment was very light, in
that falling to pass the word down a
trench may mean the loss of many
lives, and the spoiling of some Impor-
tant enterprise in No Man’s Land.
“Back of the Line."
Our tour In the front-line trench
lasted four days, and then we were
relieved by the-brigade.
Going down the communication
trench we were In a merry mood, al-
though we were cold and wet, and
every bone in our bodies ached. It
makes a lot of difference whether you
are “going in” or “going out”
At the end of the communication
trench, limbers were waiting on tbe
road for us. I thought we were going
to ride back to rest billets, but soon
found out that the only time an in-
fantryman rides Is when he Is
wounded and Is bound for tbe base or
Blighty. These limbers carried our
reserve ammunition and rations. Our
march to rest billets was thoroughly
enjoyed by me. It seemed as If I
were on furlough, and was leaving be-
hind everything that was disagree-
able and horrible. Every recruit feels
this way after being relieved from the
We marched eight kilos and then
baited In front of a French estaminet
The captain gave the order to turn |
out on each side of the road and wait
his return. Pretty soon he came back
and told B company to occu^ billets
117, 118 and 119. Billet 117 was an
old stable which bad previously been
occupied by cows. About four feet in
front of the entrance was a huge ma-
nure pile, and the odor from it was
anything but pleasant. Dslng my
flashlight I stumbled through the door.
Just before entering I observed a
white sign reading: ”81tting 50. lying
20,” but, at the time, its significance
did not strike me. Next morning I
asked the sergeant major what it
meant He nonchalantly answered:
“That’# some of the work of the R.
A. M. C. (Royal Army Medical corpe).
It simply means that In case of an at-
tack, this billet will accommodate
fifty wounded who are able to sit up
and take notice, or twenty stretcher
It was not long after this that I waa
one of the ”20 lying.”
I soon hit tbe hay and was fast
asleep, even my friends the “cooties”
failed to disturb me.
The next morning at about six
o'clock I wus awakened by the lance
corporal of our section, Informing me
that I hnd been detailed as mess or-
derly, and to report to the cook and
give him o hand. I helped him make
the fire, carry water from an old well,
and fry the bacon. Lida of dixies are
used to cook the bacon in. After
breakfast was cooked, I carried a dixie
of hot tea and the lid full of bacon to
our section, and told the corporal that
breakfast was ready. He looked at me
in contempt, and then shouted, “Brenk-
fa8t up, come and get It!” I Immedi-
ately got wise to the trench parlunce,
and never nguin Informed that "Break-
fast was served."
It didn't take long for'the Tommie#
to answer this call. Half dressed,
they lined up with their canteens and
I dished out the tea. Each Tommy
carried In his hand a thick slice of
bread which had been Issued with tbe
rations the night before. Then I had
the pleasure of seeing them dig Into
the bacon with their dirty fingers. The
allowance was one slice per man. The
late ones received very small slices.
As each Tommy got his share he Im-
mediately disappeared Into the billet
Pretty soon about fifteen of them made
a rush to the cookhouse, each carrying I
a huge slice of bread. These slices
they dipped Into the bacon grease
which was stewing over the fire. The
last man invariably lost out I was
the last man.
After breakfast our section carried
their equipment Into a field adjoining
the billet and got busy removing the
trench mud therefrom, because at 8:45
a. is., they had to fall In for Inspection
and parade, and woe betide the man
who was unshaven, or hud mud on his
uniform. Cleanliness Is next to godll- j
ness In the British army, and Cld Pep-
per must have been personally ao
qualnted with St. Peter.
Our drill consisted of close-order1
formation, which lasted until noon.
During this time we hnd two ten-min-
ute breaks for rest, and no sooner tha
word, "Fall out for ten minutes,” was
given than each Tommy got out a tag
and lighted it
Fags are issued every Sunday morn-
ing, and you generally get betwee®
twenty and forty. The brand gen-
erally Issued is the "Woodbine." Some-
times we are lucky and get "Gold-
flakes,” "Players” or "Red Hussars."
Occasionally an Issue of “Life Rays"
comes along. Then the older Tommies
immediately get busy on the recruits
and trade these for "Woodbines” or
"Goldfiakes.” A recruit only has to
be stuck once in this manner, and then
he ceases to be a recruit. There is a
Investment in Paint Is Good In-
surance, Says Expert.
CANNOT WELL BE POSTPONED
Work Necessary to Protect Structure#
1!0bm Deterioration 8hould Not
Await Reduction In
Mr. William A Radford will answer
S“e'<l°ni and rive advice FREE OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building work on the farm, for
in# readers of this paper. On account of
hli wide experience aa Editor. Author and
Manufacturer, ho la, without doubt, the
hlgheet authority on all these eubjecte.
Address all Inquiries to William A. Rad-
ford. No. 1837 Prairie avenue. Chicago,
111., and only Inclose thrso-cent stamp for
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD
This year, many farmers and suburb-
anites who have hitherto gone about
their spring repairs as a matter of
course, will perhaps delay before get-
ting them under way to ask "Will It
pay?" The unprecedented scarcity of
labor and the unusually high prices
of nearly all kinds of building mate-
rials will, no doubt, suggest to many
the advisability of postponing the
usual Improvements to a later time.
As a matter of fact nothing could be
more shortsighted and contrary to
every principle of sound management
While building materials of many
kinds are, undoubtedly, higher in
price than they have been in many
years, there Is every reason to believe
that they will mount still higher. As
the war goes on, the available supplies
the surface to which it Is applied In
definitely from moisture and decay.
Economy In Painting.
True oconomy Is In keeping farm
buildings well painted at all times. A
paint film on n few square yards of
surface costs but little, yet It will pro-
tect and beuutlfy several dollars’
worth of surface for many years. To
leave a surface unpainted for several
years will "save" in paint by a few
cents for every square yard of sur-
face, but it will cost several dollars
In structural materials wasted and
beyond repair. When buildings are
painted frequently, they are always
well protected, the surface is in bet-
ter condition for repnlnting, less paint
Is required and the appearance of the
property is always at Its best. The
cost represents the lowest possible
rate of insurance.
Nothing shows more clearly the
value of gpod painting and repairs
than the attitude of bankers In mak-
ing loans on farm property. A care-
ful Inquiry of leading bankers shows
that a farmer can borrow all the way
from five to fifty per cent more when
his buildings are well painted and In
good condition than when they appear
The average Increased loan vahie
under such conditions Is considerable.
Bankers take this attitude not only
because well-painted buildings are well
preserved and better security bnt be-
cause where houses, barns, fences and
tools are well taken care of the as-
sumption Is that the farm Is a profit-
able proposition and the farmer a
good client. A well-kept farm Is In-
variably an Indication of thrift, and
the banker knows that money can
safely be loaned to the thrifty farmer.
The same line of reasoning applies,
of course, to the selling value of farm
property. Farms with buildings In
good order Invarlnbly sell more read-
ily and for a higher price than those
whose appearance Indicates that the
farm was an unprofitable venture. It
Is common knowledge among real es-
tate men that well-painted farm build-
ings bring an Increased price out of
all proportion to the cost of maintain-
ANNUAL PRUNING OF TREES
Work Should Be as Oevere as Necea-
•ary to Indues Development
of New Wood.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
As the fruit of the peach Is borne
on wood which grew the previous year,
it is desirable to prune each season aa
soon as It is possible to determine to
what extent, if any, the fruit buda
have been damaged by freezing.
The annual pruning of peach tree®
should be done, but tbe extent of th»
pruning will be determined by th*
growth mode by the trees the previous
year and the extent to which tbe buds
have been injured by cold during tho
The trees should be pruned as se-
verely as is necessary to Induce tbe de-
velopment of new wood for next year’s
Resting Back of the Lines.
reason. Tommy Is a great cigarette
smoker. He smokes under all condi-
tions, except when unconscious or
when he is reconnolterlng in No Man’s
Land at night. Then, for obvious rea-
sons, he does not care to have a light-
ed cigarette In his mouth.
Stretcher bearers carry fags for
wounded Tommies. When a stretcher
bearer arrives alongside of a Tommy
who has been hit the following conver-
sation usually takes place: Stretcher
bearer—"Want a fag? Where are yon
hit?" Tommy looks np and answers,
“Yes. In the leg."
After dismissal from parade, we re-
turned to our billets and I had to get
busy immediately with the dinner Is-
sue. Dinner consisted of stew made
from fresh beef, a couple of spuds,
bully beef, Maconocbie rations snd wa-
ter-plenty of water. There Is great
competition among the men to spear
with their forks tbe two lonely pota-
" 1 ^ . 4 ‘ "
4 MAijfie& “ oi
CowPen I CauPen
lot-111’ | ioiViii'
MA^iCER crlt- s
root Air >iait-
Floor Plan of Dairy Barn.
Young Apple Tree In Need of Pruning.
fruiting. If 60 per cent of the fruit
buds have been killed, the pruning
should be much less severe than would
be the case had no fruit buds been
destroyed, as pruning Is one of th®
means of thinning the crop on th®
trees. The pruning therefore is little-
or much in proportion to the percen-
tage of fruit buds destroyed. Little
wood should be cut away If 50 per
cent or more of the fruit buds are de-
stroyed and one-half of the previous
season’s growth cut away if no Injury
has been suffered by tbe fruit buds.
All dead wood should be cut out of
raspberry and blackberry bushes.
Grape vines should be pruned. No
(ear need be felt If the vines Meed pro-
fusely, as no Injury will be done.
Back on the front line, after a
•tay In reat billets, Empey get# a
•hock when a German bullet cut*
down hie first friend of th#
tranche*. He telle the etory in
the next Installment
(TO BE CONTINUED)
Make Light of Heevy Lead®
Tbe streets of Jerusalem within the
walls are as narrow and crowded that
it is impossible to drive a wagon
through them, and many of them are
built of a aeries of steps upon the hill-
side, so that It la a task to lead camels
or donkeys through them after eunrla*
Therefore mo*t of the carrying and
portering is done by men. They carry
tbe most surprising loads, I am told
that they will step along brtMy with
«UU pound* on their backs, with stoat
ropes bolding the bandies to their for®
trill be steadily decreasing, and It 1*
hardly possible that any bnt higher
prices will result. On the other hand,
should the war come to an end In the
near future, It Is not likely that the
general range of prices will show an
appreciable decrease for many years.
The war undoubtedly will be followed,
In this country, by an unprecedented
period of building, which, in conjunc-
tion with the enormous reconstruction
necessnry In Europe, will for a long
time prevent a return to normal prices.
Insurance Against Deterioration.
But whatever the effect of the war
on prices, money spent now on prop-
erty maintenance cannot well be bet-
ter spent. The fact that building ma-
terials are higher In price than ever
before means that property invest-
ment Is Just that much more valu-
able. It is always cheaper to keep
property In good condition than to re-
place It. It Is even more 60 at the
present time. Good upkeep now is
Insurance against having to make re-
placements at a time when they will
be almost prohibitive In cost
A practical builder In explaining
what he meant by good maintenance
said the other day: "Repairs and
painting when necessary." He placed
hls emphasis on tbe last two words.
It is as impossible to make np at a
later date for palat and repairs on
buildings that have been neglected,
a# It Is to take out Insurance after
buildings have burned to the ground.
Painting, like Insurance, ha# for its
object protection, and to be effective
It must be done on time.
Paint Is bo ordinarily considered a#
a beantlfler that very often not enough
thought 1# given to Its protective func-
tions. Actually a building coated with
•beets of India rubber would not be
aa well protected from decay as a
structure that has been well painted,
because the rubber la not nearly so dur-
able as an elastic film of properly pre-
pared paint A paint film'one one-
thousandth of an inch In thickness, a*
long aa it remains intact, will protect
Ing them in good condition and kee|>
Ing them well painted.
Not only is good maintenance a
sound business proposition that no
farmer can afford to put off to a later
time, but it is also especially desir-
able at the present time, for the pres-
ervation of building materials, is a
means of further conserving onr na-
tional resources. There can certainly
be no better way of aiding in the war
against waste than by protecting
through every means at our disposal
the enormous investment we have in
our dwellings and farm buildings as
well as city property.
Barn for Valuable Cow*.
A good example of a well-built and
well-cared-for farm building is 6bown
in tbe accompanying design. It is a
barn for valuable dairy cows.
Dairy cattle, like everything else,
have gone way np In price. It doesn’t
take much of a cow today to sell at
$100, and plenty of thoroughbreds are
bringing ten times that amount.
They are worth It, too. A high-priced
cow Is often the biggest money-maker
for ber owner, and, the best food pro-
ducer for tbe nation.
Valuable dairy cows should be well
housed. No animal can produce effi-
ciently when stabled In an uncomfort-
able or Insanitary way. A clean stall
and clean manger, plenty of sunshine
and fresh air, protection from the cold,
and pure drinking water piped to the
stall and within reach at all times, add
anywhere from 10 to 50 per cent to
the yield from each cow over what it
would be under the ordinary neglected
conditions of stabling and feeding.
Any cow that’s worth keeping at all,
Is worth taking care of and housing
In the proper atable. For thorough-
breds—prize atock—It pays to go still
further and give them quarters In line
with their value.
Such a barn Is Illustrated here. Tbe
driveway across the barn Is special.
8ome would dispense with this, there-
by gaining stall room for six more
cows. Aa It la, the layout U generous
SPRAY FOR POWDER MILDEW
Applications of Llme-8ulphur Effective
Remedy for Serious Fungous
(Prepared by (he United State* Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Powdery mildew, the most seriou*
fungous disease occurring on apple®
In the Irrigated orchards of the North-
West and sometimes causing consider-
able damage in semlarld regions far-
ther east and south, can be controlled
by thorough spraying. Lime-sulphur
diluted 1 to 50 Is the spray to use.
A serious attack of this mildew of-
ten results In a crop reduction the fol-
lowing year of more than 50 per cent,
and It also causes a dwarfing and a
russetlng of the fruit which greatly
reduces Its market valnc.
The first application of the spray
should be made when the cluster bud#
have separated but before blossom®
have opened; the second when most of
the blossoms have fallen and befor®
the calyx has closed. In the second
application the lime-sulphur should be
combined with the arsenate of lead
used for codling moth. It has been
thoroughly demonstrated that there
are no harmful effects from such a
combination of sprays and It Is a great
saving of time to mnke the two treat-
ments In one application.
The treatment Just described usually
la sufficient to hold the disease In
check, bnt In case of severe Infection
another spray may be necessary thre®
or four weeks after the calyx spray
and poBSlbly still others at Intervals
of fonr weeks. In these later appli-
cations Ume-sulphur cannot be used In
these regions of Intense sunlight with-
out severe spray lnjnry. Bordeaux la
unsatisfactory as a substitute, for In
the almost entire absence of summer
rainfall It remains as a heavy coating
on the fruit and prevents it from col-
oring properly. Experiments have
shown that ammonlaca) copper carbon-
ate Is a satisfactory substitute for lime-
sulphur In these later applications,
completing tbe control of the dlsea#®
without harmful effects. .
Powdery mildew attacks the bud®
twigs, foliage, fralt and sometimes the
blossoms of the apple. The affected
leaves become somewhat curled and
narrowed and have whitish felt-like
appearance. The twig growth la
checked and in some cases the twigs
are killed. Fruit bud formation la
partially prevented and such buda aa
fVm are ef low vitality.
1 _ I
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Harding, L. D. Mayes County Republican (Pryor, Okla.), Vol. 11, No. 19, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 4, 1918, newspaper, July 4, 1918; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc956783/m1/2/: accessed October 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.