The Carter Express. (Carter, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 28, Ed. 1 Friday, October 2, 1914 Page: 2 of 8
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CARTER, 0 K L A., EXPRESS
FINAL BREAK COMES BETWEEN
ARMIES PREPARING TO BATTLE
To Settle This Latest Chapter In the
Troubled Affairs of the Mex-
icans—Wilson to With-
draw U. S. Troops.
El Paso—General Francisco Villa,
dominant leader in northern Mexico,
has denounced the central govern-
ment headed by Venustlano Carranza
and announced his independence in a
statement sent to the Associated
This placed the state of Chihuahua
in open revolt against the party in
power at Mexico City as well as Son-
ora, the next border state to the west-
ward, where Governor Maytorena pre-
viously had proclaimed his indepen-
dence of the constitutionalist party as
represented by Carranza
Villa’s statement asserted that, be-
sides Chihuahua and Sonora, Zacate-
cas and a part of Coahuila, Carranza’s
native state, had joined the uprising.
Details of the Affair.
Washington.—Advices to the war
department on the Villa-Carranza split
said Carranza was concentrating his
forces at Zacatecas, and Villa’s army
was gathering at Torreon. Railroad
communication between these points
has been severed.
General Carranza has informed the
United States government he will not
attack General Villa but will order his
forces to he on the defensive and re-
The first chief’s communication de-
clared the national convention would
he held as scheduled on October L
when a provisional government would
be established which he hoped would
be satisfactory to the United States.
John R. Silliman, American consu-
lar representative, and the Brazilian
minister conferred at length with Car-
ranza and were shown the message
from Villa disacowing Carranza’s au-
thority as first chief.
At the constitutionalist agency
there were intimations that Carranza
might send a peace commissioner to
confer with Villa.
Nothing short of a postponement of
the convention and a system of rep-
resentation satisfactory to Villa, it is
believed will induce the northern gen-
eral to change his course. However,
hope that General Carranza and Villa
would peaceably adjust their differ-
ences and avoid a second revolution
was expressed by high administration
Zapata Refuses to Send Delegates.
Already Zapata has refused to send
delegates and officials woud not be
surprised if Zapata and Villa joined
forces against Carranza. Together
they would have about 60,000 or 70,000
men. Carranza indicated to the Amer-
ican officials who conferred with him
that irrespective of the Zapata and
Villa factions, a large part of the con-
stitutionalists forces would be repre-
sented. Official reports indicate that
the convention will be loyal to Car-
ranza if the present system of repre-
sentation is not changed.
It was officially stated at the White
House that the latest troubles be-
tween General Carranza and General
Villa would not alter the plans of the
United States to withdraw troops from
Vera Cruz or the status of the em-
bargo on arms. No date had been
fixed for moving the troops.
Cruce To Leave the State.
Oklahoma City—Governor Cruce
will go to Washington, D. C., within
a few days to attend the conference
of governors, senators and congress-
men from the cotton growing states,
called for the purpose of considering
the cotton situation, and during his
absence Lieutenant Governor J. J.
McAlester will be the state’s chief ex-
Lieutenant Governor J. J. McAl-
ester stated that as soon as Governor
Cruce left the state he would leave for
Oklahoma City to occupy the execu-
tive offices during Governor Cruce’s
The last time Governor Cruce left
the state was in June, 1913, when he
went to Kansas City to attend an in-
surance men’s banquet. During his
absence McAlester granted a number
)f pardons, and attempted to validate
the famous 1912 school book adop-
tions by signing and approving the
bonds and contracts, which had been
rejected by Governor Cruce.
When Governor Cruce returned to
the state he attempted to revoke the
pardons issued by McAlester, and in
the habeas corpus proceedings which
followed in behalf of George Crump,
who was pardoned by the lieutenant
governor, the criminal court of ap-
peals held that the minute the gov-
srnor left the state the duties, author-
tty and emoluments of the chief ex-
ecutive immediately devolved upon
the lieutenant governor.
Under this decision McAlester will
pe in complete charge of the executive
end of the state government as soon
is the governor leaves the borders of
A different condition exists now
than there did the last time he left
the state, the governor said last week.
There is nothing that could be done
that would make any material change
n administration policies. The act
)f the last legislature, creating the
present board of prison control, has
placed certain restrictions on the use
t>f the executive pardoning power.
OKLAHOMA NEWS NOTES
SHADOWS OF COMING EVENTS.
Oct. 5-10—Caddo County Fair, Anadar-
Oct. 7-9—Choctaw County Fair, Choc-
Oct. 7-10—Pawne County Fair, Hal-
Oct. 9—Phillips vs. A. & M„ Stillwater.
Oct. 7-17—Dry Farming Congress,
Oct. 14-17—Bryan County Fair, Durant.
Oct. 15—Oklahoma Methodist (North)
Oct. 25—Tonkawa vs. A. & M., Still-
Oct. 26—Baylor U. vs. A. & M., Still-
Oct. 30—Ark. U. vs. A. & M„ at Nor-
Nov. 3—Indian land sale, McAlester.
Nov. 4—Indian land sale, Wilburton.
Nov. 6—Indian land sale, Poteau.
Nov. 6—0. U. vs. A. & M„ Norman.
Nov. 9—Indian land sale, Hugo.
Nov, 26—Colorado Aggie vs. A. & M„
Nov. 30-Dec. 5—Oklahoma State Poul-
try Federation, Muskogee.
Dec. 10-12—Poultry Show, Sulphur.
Dec. 14-19—North Central Oklahoma
Poultry Association, Perry.
Dec. 14-20—Tillman County Poultry As-
Dec. 15-20—Southwestern Oklahoma
Poultry Association, Hobart.
Dec. 16-19—Mountain View Poultry As-
sociation, Mountain View.
Jan. 4-9—Big Center Poultry Associa-
Jan. 5-8—Elk City Poultry Association,
Feb. 2-6—Logan County Poultry Asso-
April, 1915—Southern Commercial Con-
Proposes Uniform Grade Crossings.
The state highway department has
]ust issued a bulletin, proposing a plan
for constructing the highways near
approaches to grade highway cross-
ings over railroad tracks throughout
The proposed plan would establish
l level crossing fifteen feet each side
of the rail, and a 5 per cent grade
leading up or down from the track.
This would make the crossings level
with the rest of the highway.
Establishment of uniform rules for
grade crossings is now before the cor
poration commission. A general in-
spection tour over the lines of every
railroad in the state by representa-
tives of the highway department, rail-
roads and the corporation commission
is no wbeing planned. The advisabil-
ity of carrying out the plan of the
highway department will he consid-
ered during the inspection tour.
The agitation for better and safer
grade crossings is the result of the
large number of fatal accidents which
occur every year on railway cross
ings. In most instances, it is said, the
accidents are due to unsafe condi
tions at crossings.
HE TALKED ENTIRELY TOO MUCH
A. Rustem Bey, Turkish Ambassador
Gets the Hook.
Washington.—A. Rustem Bey, the
Turkish ambassador, has informed
President Wilson that he does not
alter the views he recently expressed
in a published interview and will leave
the United States within a fortnight.
The ambassador refused to discuss
his action further than to say he had
asked his government for leave of ab-
sence which he was certain would be
granted, and would leave for Constan-
tinople within ten days.»
The announcement of the withdraw-
al of the Turkish ambassador, though
not unexpected, caused a profound
sensation in diplomatic circles. Com-
ing close upon another diplomatic in-
terview Wednesday of which the ad-
ministration at once took cognizance
—that of Baron Von Scoen, of the Ger-
man embassy, dwelling upon the pos-
sibility of war between the United
States and Japan-it was interpreted
as an indication of President Wilson’s
determination to silence comment by
Ballot Printing To Guthrie Firm
The/Co-operative Printing Company
of Guthrie, with a bid of $1,571.40.
was awarded the contract for printing
ballots and other printed supplies for
the forthcoming general election by
the state board of public affairs.
The contract calls for 455,732 official
ballots; 70,000 sample ballots; 16,000
vote certificates; 5.200 tally sheets for
precinct officers; 350 tally sheets for
county election boards. At least 25
per cent of the entire job must be
completed and the ballots in the hands
of the secretary of state election
board on or before October 12, and
the remaining 75 per cent not later
than October 18.
Bids were presented by other firms
Shawnee News-Herald, $2,994;
Phoenix Printing Co. of Muskogee
$2,792; Printers Publishing Co. of Ok
lahoma City, 12.133: El Reno Demo-
crat. $3,185: Warden Printing Co. oi
Oklahoma City. $1,890: Leader Print
Ing Co., Guthrie, $4,956: Muskogee
Printing Co., $3,150; Harlow-Ratlifl
Printing Co., $2,104.
Anti-Gambling Laws In Force.
A proclamation has been Issued by
Governor Cruce declaring the twc
stringent anti-gambling laws, passed
by the last legislature and referred at
the August primary, to be In full force
and effect. The official returns of the
vote on both measures showing they
had been sustained by large majorities
were certified to the governor by the
state election board. No exact time
is specified in the proclamation at
Building operations In Okmulgee
now total $175,000 and the city claims
to lead the entire state.
About eighty bales of cotton have
been ginned during the present season
Work will be started at once on
the bonded warehouse for Seminole.
The first warehouse will hold 1,000
bales of cotton, and others will be
built as demand requirts.
A suburbon electric road will be
constructed from Cushing to Drum-
right, according to the Cushing Inde-
pendent, which says that the contract
for the construction work has already
Claude Cox, 23, was killed; Walter
Buckley was fatally injured, and Jess
Works was also hurt by being run
down by extra freight train No. 722,
between Seneca and Wyandotte one
night last week.
Citizens of Clinton, by a majority
of eight votes, have rejected the com-
mission form of government. Had the
charter been adopted affairs of the
city would have been in charge of a
The townships in LeFlore county,
including the city of Poteau, have
authorized bond issues aggregating
$47,000, to be used in new road work,
which is to begin as soon as the
necessary preliminary arrangements
Every merchant in Ada has pur-
chased a bale of cotton, in response to
the “buy-a-bale-of-cotton” movement
which is sweeping the country. Many
of the Ada merchants have placard-
ed their cotton with signs reading
“10 cents per pound” and placed the
bales In front of their stores.
Pupils of the Madill highschool
have joined the Madill “Buy-a-Bale-of-
Cotton” club and purchased a 550-
pound bale at the stipulated price of
10 cents per pound. The bale was on
exhibition at the Oklahoma State Fair,
after which it will be stored in the Ma-
dill warehouse and held for 15 cents
Charged with assault to kill, Officer
J. A. McCarter of the Tahlequah po-
lice force, conducted his own defense
in the district court at Tahlequah, se
curing an almost immediate verdict
of acquittal. Although urged to em-
ploy counsel, McCarter refused and
several offers of legal assistance were
declined by him. McCarter shot and
seriously wounded Cook Still some
months ago while acting in an official
Assessed valuation of all property
In Oklahoma City was $69,322,088 for
1914. In 1896 the valuation was re
corded at $1,505,312. By 1902 values
had increased to only $2,812,910 and
as late as 1905 the amount had reached
only $4,715,154. From this on to 1907
valueB climbed steadily. In 1909 and
1910 tremendous increases were made
Since then Increases have been grad-
ually made until the enormous total ol
1914 was reached.
Oil men operating in the Yale field
are inclined to treat lightly the sug
gestion made at the recent oil men’s
convention that Governor Cruce call
out the state militia if necessary tc
curtail oil developments in Oklahoma.
Local operators say that they will
not oppose the commission’s ruling
but after having tested their wells
will await a better market before sell
Ing. Operators here say that in the
meantime they will build storage tanks
In which to take care of surplus pro
Uncle Sam’s Marine Band Is Now 116 Years Old
IITASHINGTON.-A recent writer, In discoursing about the Marine band,
If says that It came into being 116 years ago, when President John Adams
approved an act establishing It as a permanent organization. The original
law provided for a fife and drum
corps, consisting of 16 drummers and
same number of flfers, one of whom
was to act as fife-major. This aggre-
gation of musicians constituted the
Marine band until the arrival of the
Neapolitans, some three years^later.
An old tradition has it that the
original Marine band was kidnaped
from Sicily. According to this ac-
count one Captain McNeil of the
frigate Boston was cruising in the
Mediterranean when an irresistible
longing for some real music came over him. While ashore he was delighted
and pleased with the performance of a Sicilian regimental band and at once
conceived a plan for insuring plenty of music during the remainder of the
voyage. He at once blandly invited the musicians on board his vessel for
the ostensible purpose of playing for a ball. Probably induced by the pros-
pect of receiving a liberal compensation, the members of the band accepted
the invitation with alacrity.
Soon after the musicians with their instruments had gone on board Cap-
tain McNeil suddenly found it necessary to hoist anchor and get under way
for the United States. The Sicilians protested, DUt in vain; the music-loving
captain carried them bodily off and was entertained by their playing all
No authentic record showing what finally became of these Italian musi-
cians is now in existence, as many of the Marine corps archives were de-
stroyed in 1814. It Is shown, however, in official records that shortly after
the organization of the Marine corps Lieutenant'Colonel Henderson brought
from Naples a group of 13 Italian musicians, whose addition to the organiza-
tion made of it an instrumental band.
One of the Greatest Libraries of the World
A LREADY one of the greatest of the libraries of the world and the largest
*» and most important in the western hemisphere, it is apparent that the
library of congress is to become national In the broadest and most inclusive
sense. It is that already, but not to
the degree that will be true of it after
awhile. The policy with regard to
the library of congress is briefly yet
fully stated by Mr. Herbert Putnam,
librarian since 1899, in these words:
“In each country there should be
one library as nearly as possible com-
prehensive. This means indefinite ac-
cumulation and preservation. In the
United States that library is the Na-
tional library at the national capital.
Its possession of the unusual book, or
the little-used book, may enable the local libraries to get along without them.
A book here is available to the entire country, and this means a great saving
to the country as a whole.”
Mr. Putnam points out that the word "comprehensive,” as used by him,
does not mean the purchase of everything In print. If congress each year
were to give the library all the funds for which it asks, there would still be
exercised in the purchase of books that selection which has been the policy
of the past. The work of selection is even carried into the copyright deposits,
only a portion of which are placed in the library proper.
“Mere bookstacks cost little,” adds Mr. Putnam. “As against the cost of
the main establishment the cost of housing the accessories is a relatively
small one. At the present rate of Increase, which is about eighty to ninety
thousand volumes a year, It would not exceed one per cent of the cost of the
“So far as the library building Is for the reader, for exhibition purposes,
and for the purposes of ordinary administration, it will be good for an indefi-
nite length of time, In spite of our annual additions in the way of volumes and
Spaniel Enjoys Distinction in Official Society
^■ENATOR JAMES E. MARTINE’S King Charles spaniel enjoys great dls-
l3 tinction in official society of which he is a member, for he Is not only
the oldest member of official petdom, but he always has the entree at the
White House, where he Is a prime
Ambassadors, senators, represen-
tatives and hopeful office-seekers
may cool their heels in the ante-
room. But not so with Scrap. He
enjoys the prestige of being an old
and Intimate friend of the president
and his family, when they lived in
New Jersey, so when he arrives at
the White House he simply walks un-
announced into the room where the
president Is, knowing that he will
receive a warm welcome. Scrap is fifteen years old and thinks a good deal
of the comforts of life. His special delight is to lie in a big rocking chair,
of which the senator is also very fond, and sometimes gets it before him.
Places of Historical Interest Near Washington
HAT a wonderful opportunity for the study of history is provided within
a radius of a few miles around Washington,” remarked G. W. Som-
mers of Parkersburg, W. Va., the other day. "I recently took a quick trip
through a part of Virginia, and every
moment of my time some point of his-
torical interest was opened to ma.
Within ten miles of Fredericksburg
seven of the important battles of the
Civil war were fought, and in the
walls of the old courthouse In Fred-
ericksburg can still be seen cannon
balls. Richmond, the capital of the
Confederacy, is filled with historic
spots. The present capitol building
was where the ordinance of secession,
which practically began the Civil war,
was signed. The James river is lined with Interesting places,
banks that the first permanent white settlement on the western continent
was established. I saw magnificent brick palaces that even today are re-
garded as luxurious dwellings which were built a century and more ago from
bricks imported from England. At Cape Henry still stands the first light-
house ever built on the western continent, constructed from brick brought
“It is remarkable that so few persons In Washington realize the wealth
of historic interest that surrounds them within a radius of 200 miles. I dare
say that the people of Europe know more about their native countries than
we in the United States know about our own country."
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Waggoner, Thomas T. The Carter Express. (Carter, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 28, Ed. 1 Friday, October 2, 1914, newspaper, October 2, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc956250/m1/2/: accessed November 20, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.