The Dewey Weekly Globe (Dewey, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1 Friday, January 19, 1912 Page: 3 of 12
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
aft Tells Congress Results of
SUBMITS SPECIAL MESSAGE
How Increased Efficiency In Govern-
ment 8ervlce at Lower Cost May
Be Obtained, According to
Washington.—President Taft has sub-
mitted to congress a special message on
economy and efficiency In the govern-
ment service. The message in part is as
To the Senate and House of Representa-
I submit for the information of the con-
gress this report of progress made in the
Inquiry into the efficiency and economy of
the methods of transacting public busi-
Efficiency and economy in the govern-
ment service have been demanded with
increasing insistence for a generation.
Real economy is the result of efficient or-
ganisation. By perfecting the organiza-
tion the same benefits may be obtained
at less expense. A reduction in the to-
tal of the annual appropriations is not
'in Itself a proof of economy, since it is
often accompanied by a decrease in effi-
ciency. The needs of the nation may de-
mand a large increase of expenditure, yet
to keep the total appropriation within
the expected revenue Is necessary to the
maintenance of public credit.
Upon the president must rest a large
■hare of the responsibility for the de-
mands made upon the treasury for the
current administration of the executive
branch of the government. Upon the
congress must rest responsibility for
those grants of public funds which are
made for other purposes.
Plan of the Work.
In accordance with my Instructions, the
commission on economy and efficiency,
which I organized to aid me in the In-
quiry, has directed Its efforts primarily
to the formulation of concrete recommen-
dations looking to the betterment of the
fundamental conditions under which gov-
ernmental operations must be carried on.
With a basis thus laid, it has proceeded
to the prosecution of detailed studies of
individual services and classes of work,
and of particular practices and methods,
pushing these studies as far and cover-
ing as many points and services, as the
resources and time at Its disposal have
In approaching Its task It has divided
the work Into five fields of inquiry hav-
ing to do respectively with organization,
personnel, business methods, accounting
and reporting, and the budget.
Comprehensive Plan of Organization.
On organization the commission has en-
tered upon the preparation of three series
of reports. The first series deals with
the manner In which the services of the
government should be grouped In depart-
ments. This Is a matter of fundamental
Importance. It is only after a satisfac-
tory solution of this problem that many
Important measures of reform become
^The second and third series of reports
dial, respectively, with the organization
apd activities of particular services, and
the form of organization for the perform-
ance of particular business operations.
One of the reports of the second se-
ries Is upon the revenue cutter service,
which costs the government over two and
a half million dollars each year. In the
opinion of the commission Its varied ac-
tivities can be performed with equal, or
greater, advantage by other services.
The commission, therefore, recommends
that It be abolished. It Is estimated that
by so doing a saving of not less than $1,-
•00,000 a year can be made.
Another report Illustrating the second
series recommends that the lighthouse
and life saving services be administered
by a single bureau. Instead of as at pres-
ent by two bureaus located In different
departments. These services have much
In common. Geographically, the are
similarly located; administratively, they
have many of the same problems. It Is
estimated that consolidation would result
In a saving of not less than $100,000 an-
Abolition of Local Offices.
Perhaps the part of the organization in
which the greatest economy In public ex-
penditure is possible Is to be found In
the numerous local offices of the govern-
ment. In some Instances the establish-
ment and the discontinuance of these lo-
cal offices are matters of administrative
discretion. In other Instances they are
established by permanent law In such a
manner that their discontinuance la be-
yond the power of the president or thAt
of any executive officer.
The responsibility for the maintenance
of these conditions must naturally be di-
vided between the congress and the exe-
cutive. But that the executive has per-
formed his duty when he has called the
attention of the congress to the matter
must also be admitted. Realising my re-
sponsibility In the premises, I have di-
rected the commission to prepare a re-
port setting forth the positions In the
local services of the government which
may be discontinued with advantage, the
saving which would result from such ac-
tion and the changes In iaw which are
necessary to carry Into effect changes in
organisation found to be desirable. On
the coming In of the report, such offices
as may be found useless and can be abol-
ished will be so treated by executive or-
' Classification of Local Officers.
In my recent message to the congress
I urged consideration of the necessity of
placing In the classified service all of the
local officers under the departments of
the treaeur7, the interior, poetofflce and
commerce and labor.
The next step which must be taken is
♦o require of heads of bureaus in the de-
partments at Washington, and of most of
the local officers under the departments,
qualifications of capacity similar to those
now required of certain heads of bureaus
and of local officers. The extension of
the merit system to these officers and a
needed readjustment of salarlei wtll have
Important effects in securing greater
economy and efficiency.
In the first place, the possession by the
incumbents of these positions of requisite
qualifications must in Itself promote effl
In the second place, the removal of lo
cal officers from the realm of political
patronage In many caaea would reduce
the pay roll of the field services. At the
present time the Incumbents of many of
these positions leave the actual perform
once of many of tltelr duties to deputies
and assistants. The government often
pays two persons for doing work that
could easily be done by one. What Is the
loss to the government cannot be stated,
but that it is vary large cannot be dented
In the third place, so Ion* as local of-
ficers are within the sphere of political
patronage It is difficult to consider the
question of the establishment or discon-
tinuance of local offt'-es apart from the
effect upon local political situations.
Finally, the view that these various
Offices are to be filed as a result of
jpolltlcal considerations has for Its coo*
sequence the necessity Out* (be president
and members of congress devote to mat-
ters of patronage time which they ehould
devote to questions of policy and admin-
In every cane where technical pro-
cesses have been studied it has been dem-
onstrated beyond question that large eco-
nomies may be effected. The subjects
first approached were those which lie
close to each administrator, vis., office
practices. An illustration of the possi-
bilities within this field may be found in
the results of the Inquiry Into the meth-
ods of handling and filing correspondence.
Every office in the government has re-
ported its methods to the commission.
These reports brought to light the fact
that, present methods were quite in the
reverse of uniform. Some offices follow
the practice of briefing all correspon-
dence; some do not. Some have flat
files; others fold all papers before filing.
Some use press copies; others retain onty
Nesd for Lavor-Savlng Office Devices.
The use of labor-saving office devices in
the service has been made the subject of
special inquiry. An impression prevails
that the government Is not making use
of mechanical devices for economising
labor to the same extent as are efficiently
managed private enterprises. A study
has been made of the extent to which
devices of this character are now being
employed In the several branches of the
government and the opportunities that
exist for their more general, use.
The efforts of the commission resulted
also In the adoption by several bureaus or
departments of Improved methods of do
lng copying. The amount of copy work
heretofore done by hand each year In the
many offices is estimated to aggregate
several hundred thousand dollars. The
commission exhibited, at Its offices, ap-
pliances that were thought to be especial-
ly adapted to this kind of government
work. Following these demonstrations
methods of copying were introduced
which have brought about a saving of
over 78 per cent. In offices where used
for six months. This change in one small
cross-section of office practice will more
than offset the whole cost of by inquiry.
Waste in the Distribution of Public
Going outside the office, one of the
business processes which have been in-
vestigated Is the distribution of depart-
ment documents. Thl6 is a subject with
which both the congress and adminis-
tration heads are familiar. The prevail-
ing practice In handling departmental
publications la to have them manufac-
tured at the government printing office;
each Job when completed Is delivered to
the department; here the books or pam-
phlets are wrapped and addressed; then
are then sent to the postofflee; there they
are assorted And prepared for shipment
through the malls; from the postofflee
they are sent to the railroad station,
which Is only a few steps from the gov-
ernment printing office, when thsy
started. The results of this laborious and
circuitous method Is to make the use of
the best mechanical equipment Impractic-
able and to waste each year not less than
a quarter of a million dollars of govern-
ment funds in useless handling, to say
nothing of the Indirect loss due to lack
of proper co-ordination.
The use of equipment Is a matter which
also has been investigated. Up to the
present time this Investigation has been
In the main confined to the subject of
Lack of Specifications.
The Importance of establishing and
maintaining standard specifications is
found not only in the possibility of very
materially reducing the dirqct cost of gov-
ernment trading, but also In insuring to
the service materials, supplies and equip-
ment which are better adapted to its
purposes. One of the results of indsfln-
Iteness of specifications Is to Impose con-
tract conditions which make it extra ha-
zardous for persons to enter Into con-
tractual relations. This not only deprives
the government of the advantage of
broad competition, but causes it to pay
an added margin In price to vendors who
must carry the risk.
The United States Is the only great na-
tion whose government is operated with-
out a budget. This fact seems to be mors
striking when it Is considered that bud-
gets and budget procedures are the out-
growth of democratic doctrines and have
had an Important part in the development
of modern constitutional rights. The
American commonwealth. has suffered
much from irresponsibility on the part of
Its governing agencies. The constitution-
al purpose of a budget is to make gov-
ernment responsive to public opinion and
responsible for its acts.
The Budget at an Annual Program
A budget should be the means for get-
ting before the legislative branch, before
the press, and before the people a definite
annual program of business to be finan-
ced ; It should be In the nature of a pros-
pectus both of revenues and expendi-
tures; It should comprehend every rela-
tion of the government to the people,
whether with reference to the raising of
revenues or the rendering of service.
The principal government objects In
which the people of the United States
are Interested Include:
The national defense; the protection •?
persons and property; the promotion of
friendly relations and the protection of
American Interests abroad; the regulation
of commerce and Industry; the promotion
of agriculture, fisheries, forestry and min-
ing; the promotion of manufacturing,
commerce, and banking: the promotion of
transportation and communication; the
postal service, including postal savings
and parcels post: the care for and utili-
sation of the public domain; the promo-
tion of education, art. science and recre-
ation; the promotion of the public health;
the care and education of the Indians
and other wards of the nation.
These are public-welfare questions In
which I assume every citizen has a vital
Interest. I believe that everv member of
congress, as an official representative of
the people, each editor, as a non-official
representative of public opinion, each
cltlsen, as a beneficiary of the trust Im-
posed on officers of the government,
should be able readily to ascertain how
much has been spent for each of these
purposes: how much has been appropri-
ated for the current year; how much the
administration Is asking for each of these
purposes for the next fiscal year.
Furthermore, each person Interested
should have laid before him a clear, well-
digested statement showing In detail
whether moneys appropriated have been
economically spent and whether each di-
vision or office has been efficiently run.
This is the Information which should be
available each year In the form of a
budget and In detail accounts and report
supporting the budget.
I ask the continuance of this commis-
sion on economy and efficiency because
of the excellent beginning which hss been
made toward the reorganisation of the
machinery of this government on busi-
ness principles. I ask It because Its work
Is entirely non-partisan tn character and
ought to apply to every cltlsen who
wishes to give effectiveness to popular
government tn which we feel a Just pride.
The work richer commends Itself for
the reason that the cost of organisation
and work has been carefully considered
•at every point. Three months were t.,ken
In consideration of plans before the In-
quiry Wbs betrun; six months were then
spent In preliminary Investigations before
the commission was organized: before
Marcli 3. 1911. when I asked for a con-
tinuation of the original appropriation
for the current year, only $12,000 had been
WM. H. TAFT.
SEE how much better it
makes the baking
SEE bow mneh more uni-
form in q on lit y
SEE how pure—bow good
SEE how economical -end
SEE that poo get Calumet
LESS STRENUOUS TIMES
Wanted “Mill" Supplies.
that you deal in mill
^OT MADE BY THE TRU5!
Explanation of the Difference Be-
tween Domestic Standards Now
Those of Long Ago.
In the Woman’s Home Companion
there Is an interesting presentation of
the difference that exists between the
domestic standard of young married
women of today and those of the past
generation. How did the women of
the middle class of a generation or
two ago manage when they could not
keep help? Following is the answer
quoted from a Companion editorial:
"They lived according to their
means; they did not set up Impossible
standards, and they knew much less
about the science of bringing up chil-
dren. They had no special style to
keep up; gave the children a weekly
bath; kept the ta6le set between
meals; did not serve their meals in
tfourses, but put all the food on the
table at once; confined their social
affairs to evening calls and parties,
and church suppers, ’ at which they
wore the same black silk dress for at
least two seasons; In short, every
woman did only what she could, and
her friends made it easier for her by
“Well, I’d like
to buy a pair of
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate
and invigorate stomach, liver and bowels.
Sugar-coated, tiny granules. Easy to take
There’s a difference between being
ureful and being used.
^ baking POWD^
Why He Couldn’t Sit Down.
Harry, aged six, Is an orphan; but
an indulgent grandmother and kind
maii.en aunt have taken care of him
The first pair of knickerbockers were
secured recently, and it was a proud
moment for the boy when his aunt
put them on him on Sunday morning
and he was permitted to go to church
with his grandmother. Naturally
maiden aunts know very little about
the arrangement of knickerbockers,
and there was a suspicious fullness In
front and an equally mystifying tight-
ness In the back to be observed, as
the little chap trudged happily along.
In church Harry sat down, but did
not appear comfortable and stood up.
‘‘Harry, sit down,” whispered his
grandmother. He obediently climbed
back on the seat, but soon slipped off
again. "Harry, you must sit down.’’
“Grandma, I can’t. My pants Is chok-
ing me.” She looked more closely
than her dim sight had before permit-
ted, and discovered the new little
knickerbockers were on hind side be-
fore. Harry stood up during the re-
mainder of the service.
It is the common lot of man not to
get an uncommon lot
Acts directly and peculiarly
on the blood; purifies, enriches
and revitalizes it, and in this
way builds up the whole sys-
tem. Take it Get it today.
In usual liquid form or chocolate coated
tablets called 8arsatabs.
Wood S«wi, Bind
POLAR KING ICE PLOWS
Bloch____NO 10-inch.... $25
With Guide Add $5.00
C. A. HUES & CO., 2431W. 14th St.. Chicago
“Didn’t you give that man a Jury
"Look here," said Broncho Bob,
“there ain’t a big lot o’ men In this
settlement. We couldn't possibly git
12 of 'em together without startin’ a
fatal argument about somethin’ that
had nothin’ whatever to do with the
IN AGONY WITH ITCHING
“About four years ago I broke out
with sores on my arms like boils. Af-
ter two months they were all over my
body, some coming, and some going
away. In about six months the bolls
quit, but my arms, neck and body
broke out with an Itching, burning
rash. It would burn and Itch, and
come out in pimples like grains of
wheat I was In a terrible condiUon;
I could not sleep or rest. Parts of my
flesh were raw, and I could scarcely
bear my clothes on. I could not lie
in bed In any position and rest. In
about a year the sores extended down
to my feet. Then I suffered agony
with the burning, Itching sores. I
could hardly walk and for a long time
I could not put on socks.
“All this time I was trying every-
thing I could hear of, and had the skill
of three doctors. They said it was'
eczema. I got no benefit from all
this. I was nearly worn out, and had
given up in despair of ever being cured
when I was advised by a friend to try
Cutlcura Remedies. I purchased Cutl-
cura Soap, Ointment, and Resolvent,
and used exactly as directed. 1 used
the Cutlcura Remedies constantly for
four months, and nothing else, and was
perfectly cured. It is now a year, and
I have not had the least bit since, t
am ready to praire the Cutlcura Rem-
edies at any time. (Signed) E. L
Cate, Exile. Ky.. Nov. 10, 1910.
Although Cutlcura Soap and Oint-
ment are sold by druggists and dealera
everywhere, a sample of each, with 32-
page book, will be mailed free on
application to “Cutlcura,” Dept. L,
It was three o’clock on a cold and
frosty morning, and the weary cyclist
had still many miles to go.
Passing through a lonely village he
saw a lighted window. Perhaps, he
thought, he might be able to get
something to eat and drink. So he
"Who’s there?” came a gruff voice
“A traveler," the cyclist replied In
Back like a shot came the answer:
nessand Rest Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral
Rtipt §f Old DrSAW£ifflKf£R
Pumphi* $t»d •
Am Snd -
Hirm Sttd -
A perfect Remedy forConslipa
lion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea,
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish-
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP
Facsimile Signature of
Twr Centaur Company,
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have
Alb montlii old
35 DOSI i -J jC ENT?)
Guaranteed under the Foodiij
THE TRUTH ABOUT BLUING.
Talk No. 6.
No thoughtful person uses liquid
blue. Half cent’s worth of blue, a
large bottle filled with water and the
delusion is complete.
Always buy RED CROSS BALL
BLUE. It’s all blue. Nothing but
blue. Makes beautiful white clothes
like new. ASK YOUR GROCER.
You will notice that the man who Is
always talking about how hard he
had to work when he was young Is
usually behind with his work now.
TO DRIVE OCT MALARIA
AMD BUILD CP THE 8T8TEIJ
Vil Tan>1>fa mil rp A STOUT XMJO
tbp Old standard GRO .'K’S TA8THLBSS
Vn ’-nn ■ hal v>>n am ta'-lnn
Take .__ ______
ClUIX TONIC Vn no
The f mat.1c. 1* jlaipl. primed o.
people and children. M cent*
w bat yon are tabing
a ery bottle,
I >rt3t.ln U jlalm printed o. e ery bottle,
1 Ai It Is simply Oulnlnc and Iron In a tasteless
an' tbe most effectual form, bur grown
K Looking Upward.
(In 1999)—"Marie, bring out the
aeroambulator, and take baby up fqr
Even when they have nothing to
do Borne people can’t seem to do it
Smokers like Lewis’ Single Binder cigar
for it* rich mellow quality.
Most of life’s so-called tragedies
are merely comedies.
Thousands of Consumptive* die every
rear. Consumption results from a neg-
lected cold on the lungs. Hamlins Wizard
Oil will cure these colas. Just rub it into
the chest and draw out the inflammation.
The total fire loss for the year 1911
is expected to total at 3200.000.000 In
the United States and Canada.
£ is but one of the many signs that tell of the poisons
S in your blood, clogging up your system, because of
S constipation. Many other symptoms are the direct
a result of this condition.
m A lazy liver leaves in your system all sorts of
« lingering poisons, which it should have filtered out,
a so there is no use treating the symptoms, unless you
2 first relieve the condition of constipation itself, which
2 is largely the result of a lazy liver. For headache,
a backache, biliousness, indigestion, rheumatism, ma-
m laria, tired feeling, pimples, blotches, yellow com-
£ plexion, etc., you are urged to try
£ Pure, reliable, striefly vegetable, this popular g
2 liver remedy has been in successful use for more
2 than 70 years.
H Mrs. Hannah Wieneke, of Otterville, 111., says:
jk “From the time 1 was 10 years old, I had very bad
2 sick headaches, quite often, and at times, I was sim-
S ply blind. An old lady came to our house, and in-
2 duced me to try Theaford’s Black-Draught In a
little while, I was all right It simply saved my life,
2 and 1 can’t praise it enough.”
2 Ask for Thedford’s. You will never regret it
At all drug stores. Price 25 cents.
PUTNAM FADELESS DYES
C<^more»n^tf^g^artteetCTCTjwethan any other dye^One 10c pezJte^co^^fibcre TT^dynint^watobgtotto^^otim^re^rec^
The Utle daughter of a well-known
Baltimore clergyman recently startled
the family while at breakfast by sud-
"I'm full, of glory!"
"What on earth do you mean,
child?” the father hastened to ask.
"Why," exclaimed the youngster, "a
sunbeam just got on my spoon, and
I’ve swallowed it."
TO CUBE A COLD ik ONE DAT
Take I.AX ATI VB BROMO Qnlrle* Tablets.
I>rv|qr1av.refund fnniW, It It fall* to cure. k>. W.
UMOVIt'S signature it on aacb buz. Ac.
Some people get so accustomed to
looking on the bright side that they
can’t see the other side at all.
Ere. Wtaalow*e Boothia* Syrup for Children
teething, soften* tbe ft**> reduce* Infinw*-
Uan, allays pain, care* wind colic. Me a bottle.
The rocial whirl has made many a
Special Otter to Printers
paper is printed from ink made in Savannah, Ga. by
DUTHEtyf OIL & INK CO., Savannah, Ga. Price 6 cents
ound, F. O. 3- Savannah. Your patronage solicited.
/ JOMB 1 MIBB
Kff retire for Oontbe end Bore Throat. No opiates.
Sample free. Join L Baown A Son, Button Mam
W. N. U., Oklahoma City, No. 3-1B12.
Death Lurks In A Weak Heart
N Teen to WeWwkn #r
kj ¥— Weet-iwilleM Pm Ca.. MengMs, T—. Wee >1.00
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Norwood, A. H. The Dewey Weekly Globe (Dewey, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1 Friday, January 19, 1912, newspaper, January 19, 1912; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc950683/m1/3/: accessed April 9, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.