The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, December 7, 1917 Page: 3 of 8
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THE COPAN LEADER
WhaAWell DressScL \ INCREASE IN SWINE
'oJbmeri Will Wea.'
Meat Problem Is Most Important
Problem of War.
FOOD ESSENTIAL FOR ARMIES
Blouse of White and Colored Crepe.
The same blouses that are made for
wear in tile summer weather of the
smith will cheerfully face the snows
of the bleak northern winter. For
blouses refuse to acknowledge winter
and take none of the responsibility of
keeping us warm. Their mission In
life is to look pretty and to he be-
romlng, and to add to our joys. They
leave it to steam, heat and heavy coats
to protect womankind from, the cold,
and are therefore much at home any-
Georgette cr. po continues at the high
tide of favor for dressy Mouses and
has even appropriated to Itself some
of the style features thnt distinguish
tailored blouses of crepe de chine—the
shirt-bosom front for instance. A very
striking tailored blouse called the Red
Gross has made Its appearance. It is
very mannish, with high collar and
plaited shirt front. It Is in fact very
much like a shirt, and is not gathered
In at the waistline, hut depends upon
the skirt belt to keep It In place. At
Ihe front of the high turn-over collar
s siTinll cross of red satin takes the
place of a tie. This waist is success-
fully developed in white wash satin.
The fair sojourner in the South, pic-
tured above, has on a pretty crepe
blouse developed In white and a color.
An underblouse of white crepe is veiled
with a dark overblouse, appearing
darker where it Is full. There Is a
square Insert of white at the front,
veiling large dots in the darker color
in the blouse that are embroidered on
the underblouse. The white collar Is
bordered with the dark crepe, and the
deep ruffs are made of it.
So far nearly all the new blouses
| are open at the throat. The Chinese
| collar, rather higher than when It made
| its Initial appearance, offers variety
| in neck finishing. The tailored shirt
waist is always good style with a high
Just at this season designers of
| blouses are getting ready to make new
models. These appearing at winter re-
, sorts have a “try-out" and they may
usher in a new order of things in
- blouses. Those that are successful
pave the way for spring fashions.
Breeding Animals Must Reproduce
Themselves So Offspring Will Be
Available for Slaughter—Mar-
ket Grain on Hoof.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
To raise more hogs, to get more
meat to help win the war, Is one of the
Important food problems of the coun-
try now. To supply this need, hog
breeding must be increased materially
throughout the country, federal offi-
cials declare, and in certain states an
Increase of 25 to 50 per cent In the
number of hogs on furms Is recom-
mended by the United States depart-
ment of agriculture.
The situation is of great Importance.
We must have plenty of meat for our
armies and the armies of the allies In
the field, and sufficient meat for our
civilian population and the civilian
population of the allies at home.
To have this meat, breeding animals
must reproduce themselves, so the off-
spring will be available for slaughter
In the future.
Hogs ran be Increased quicker than
any other kind of live stock.
Therefore n larger number of sows
must he bred now, than in recent
Abundance of Feed Crops.
In addition to the fact that there
Is an imperative demand for more meat
as a war measure, it should be taken
into consideration that we now have
an abundance of feed crops—corn,
oats and barley—with which to pro-
duce this necessary increase in the
number of hogs. The demand for meat
Is certain and it will be profitable to
the farmer to market some of this
heavy grain supply on the hoof.
The Increase In the number of hogs
for various states, as recommended by
the department, tyi as follows: Mis-
souri, 60 per cent.; Alabama, :10; Iowa,
25; Kansas, 25; Indiana, 20; Illinois,
20; Mississippi, 20; Arkansas, 20;
South f’arollna, 15; Ohio, 15; Ken-
tucky, 15; Tennessee, 15; Maryland,
10; North Carolina, 10; Michigan, 10;
Nebraska, 10; West Virglniu, 5, und
Georgia, 5. The increase needed for
(he entire country Is 15 per cent, and
Is covered by the above schedule. Oth-
er states than those named should
breed no fewer sows than last year.
The result of these Increases will be
to provide sufficient anlmuls to make
the meat that Is absolutely essential
to the feeding of our armies.
Pork Easy to Transport.
Fork can he transported more read-
ily und economically to troops in the
field than can any other meat. Great
supplies of bacon must go to the boys
In khaki,at the front. Unless now a
larger number of sows are bred, the
nmount of meat we will require next
year will not be available.
The estimated number of hogs Is 4,-
000,000 less than It was n year ago in
this country; and In the face of this
we need more hogs than ever before.
How can we get them? By breeding
sows at once.
The exportation of pork products
bus Increased since the war began and
will continue to increase during the
length of the war. The foreign coun-
tries are devoting their furmlng en-
ergies to food and feed rather than
live stock production, but they must
have meat and they must get a large
part of this supply from us.
Price Is Doubled.
During the last three months the
price of hogs in the United States has
been, on the average, more than twice
ns much ns the average price for the
five years from 1911 to 1910. In view
of the large crops of feedstuffs in
sight, however, It believed Hint farm-
ers will see the wisdom of taking ev-
ery reasonable step to Increase the
supply of hogs and hog products.
Well-Pruned Apple Tree and Peach Tree Pruned After It Was Set In Field.
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SUCCULENT PASTURE FOR PIGS AFTER WEANING.
PLANTING OF TREES
SHOULD BE DELAYED
This Year’s Ribbon Novelties.
The great day of ribbons dawns an-
nually about a month before Christ-
mas and the sun of prosperity con-
tinues to shine on the ribbon depart-
ment for a month or more. Up to
Christinas eve everybody ut the rib-
bon counter is frantically rushed.
Mveu after the hollduys the Impetus
given business makes itself apparent
for some time. Every year many
beautiful novelties for personal and
household decoration are shown ulong
with the ribbons for making them and
they nre immensely helpful in smooth-
ing the path of the Christmas shop-
|>er. This year there Is a furore for
bags, with shopping bags and knitting
bags made of ribbons, in the front
rank of things fashionable. No self-
respecting woman of today ignores
entirely the call to knitting needles,
liven though she never gets beyond
knitting squares for quilts, she lends
her moral support to the cause that
makes her competent sisters so use-
ful. everywhere the lady goes her
knitting hag is sure to go too.
Mnny of the new, fashionable shop-
ping bags are made of metal und satin
brocades and they are mounted on
French gilt or silver mountings that
fasten securely like those used for
leather bags. Knitting bags nre sup-
ported by large rings of celluloid or
glass, simulating Jade, amber, Jet, tor-
toise-shell and other things.
Pretty things for the children are
shown In the picture above. The
group Includes blanket hows for the
Imby's carriage robe, hair bows for
Utile girls, small garters for support-
ing the sleeves of Infant's dresses
and n lingerie bow of narrow ribbon
for young girls. The blanket bow at
the left Is made of wide pink satin
Tunic Effect* Good.
Apron, tunic and redingote designs
■vie with one another for nttentinn,
and then there nre straight-line
dresses with simply gathered skirts,
though some are laid in deep plaits.
Tills is a season when one cun un-
questionably wear any type of dress
that becomes one, provided It is not
too generously wide at the hem.
Furnish Few Authors.
Quaker- seldom write books; never
ribbon and has eight loops, each about
six inches deep after it Is knotted
at the top. The allowance for the
knot is three Inches so each loop will
require nine inches of ribbon. There
nre two knotted ends about twelve
and sixteen inches long after they are
knotted and about fonr Inches of rlh-
bon are needed for the knot at the
heart of the how. About three and n
quarter yards will be an ample allow-
A larger how of wider ribbon is
shown at the right with loops eight
inches deep. At the heart of this bow
n rosette is made of short loops each
three Inches deep. There Is oue long
end. Three and three-quarters yards
of pale pink brocaded ribbon will
make this hnndsome how.
The little garters shown at the top
of the picture nre made by shirring
nnrrow satin rihhon over flat elastic
hands and finished with rosettes of
baby ribbon. At the right of the plo
ture a hair band for a little girl-
shown at the right of the group—Is
made In the same way. Next it is a
pretty lingerie bow’ of narrow pink
satin ribbon with knotted loops and
ends and finally a how for the hair
of the young miss who Is under the
“flapper" age, that is not more than
twelve. It Is a butterfly bow of bro-
caded ribbon mounted In a covered
bnnd of elastic.
Watermelons may he kept some time
with a fair degree of success by seai-
j ing tin end of the stem, where it is cut
i from tile vine, with wax.
Fooled Wild Beast*.
Stanley, the explorer, found the na-
tive Africans knew the art of camou-
flage and had practiced it for hundreds
of years, lie adopted some of the
methods of (lie blacks and his bags of
big game were remarkable. The na-
tive Africans donned the skins of mil-
amis with horns, head and all, when
lianting.' Denizens of the Jungle often
were fooled Into standing their ground
■ lien tin black hunters a tired iu
Little or No Root Action Takes
Place Until Surface of Ground
Begins to Freeze.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Because of probable injury by loss
of vitality fall planting of fruit trees
should be delayed until late November
or early December. In sections of the
North where cold weather prohibits
planting at that time it is usually best
to wait until spring. Apple trees can
be set out with safety in the fall far-
ther north than peucli trees and other
less hardy kinds.
At the Missouri experiment stntion
it recently has been shown that little
or no root notion takes place with fall-
planted trees until the surface of the
ground has begun to freeze, and the
trees planted early in the fall may lose
considerable vitality before they begin
against worms parasitic in other ani-
mals was not tested, it Is probable,
says the department, that it lias no
value. The digestive tract of sheep Is
! much more complex than that of hogs,
| and it is probable that a drug having
j no apparent effect on worms in the
comparatively simple digestive tract of
hogs would be equally unsatisfactory
in the case of sheep and other rum-
Manufacturers of soda lye are
warned to remove labels on which nre
printed unwarranted claims that the
I product has remedial or preventive
! powers ngninfet worms, or render them-
1 selves liable under the provisions of
the insecticide act of 1910.
Proper pruning of fruit trees Is ab-
solutely essential to the production of
good fruit. And yet there Is no other
necessary work about a farm orchard
so constantly neglected.
And when it Is done, In the majority
of cases, it is only half done. As a
; result of crowded limbs, and thick
foliage, half of the fruit produced Is
| of small size and bad color.
Now, all of this inferior fruit is un-
I necessary, for It is entirely possible to
| have every apple on” the tree, of good
; full size, and color fully up to the
standard of its variety,
j There is no sufficient excuse for the
prevailing neglect of pruning, for it
| may be done in the winter time, that
j season of comparative leisure in the
I country. The months of November,
December and January make up the
right trimming season, says Iowa
Homestead. If done at that time the
wounds dry up, so that loss of sap
later becomes unnecessary. But if
this work is done In February and
: March, it is so near the period of the
flow of sap that bleeding becomes in-
Much Depends on Age.
In pruning n tree to secure good
fruit, the amount of work to be don-’
depends upon the age of the tree, and
the previous work which has been
1 done upon it to keep it In shape.
A tree which has been entirely neg-
lected until it is ten years old pre-
sents a hard problem when you wish
to bring it Into shape.
Three-fourths of the top should be
removed, but as to take that amount
off at once wonkt be a serious shock
to the tree, it if customary to take
two yenrs for the work, cutting out
half of the superfluous branches one
winter—and as u rny more the next
The wise way it never to let trees
get Into that crow*ln>1, overgrown con-
Avoid Ail Crotches.
When three-yeaf-otd trees are first
p-’anted, all crotches should be avoid-
ed, and for (lie next two years trees
should be examined occasionally and
so cut as to secure a well-balanced top.
For many reasons high tops are the
best—high enough so as to admit a
full-grown man walking about them
As the trees get largpr, naturally
more and more werk will be needed in
pruning. Thrifty eight to ten-year-old
trees will make an astonishing grow th
of wood In one season.
Bear in mind that the ‘tops should
be kept thin enough so that the sun-
light can penetrate to all parts. It is
light which makes perfect fruit—other
conditions being favorable.
Remove Weak Limbs.
In general, remove the weakest
limbs, and where two Interfere cut
one. Then shorten in all branches
which show an abnormal growth, thus
preserving the symmetry of the tree.
Water sprouts—those sappy shoots
which have started since last prun-
ing, should be cut without mercy, ex-
cepting In cases where one is needed
to fill a vacant place.
If you have followed the rules for
pruning, you will have a spreading,
open-topped tree—so scattered in foli-
age that it will be a poor shade tree
for a hot day, bat nr.ctly adapted to
the growing of large, showy apples.
Owing to the prevalence of strong
southwest winds, it Is best to plant
trees with a little inclination to the
two-o’clock sun, and in pruning en-
courge the heaviest top on the same
side of tree.
It Is customary to say: Make a
smooth cut; and a very little thought
will show the necessity of this. Na-
ture will repair the damage, by heal-
ing over the wound as soon as possi-
ble. But If a rough, uneven surface
is left, it is difficult, or perhaps Im-
possible for the bark to cover it.
All cuts above an inch in diameter
should be painted with a soft grafting
wax. This is needed, because the hot
sun will check the wound and water
SODA LYE IS NOT A
GOOD WORM REMEDY
Has No Value as Cure or Pre-
ventive, According to Gov-
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
That soda lye has no value either
ns a remedy for. or a preventive of,
worms Infesting hogs Is the conclusion
of specialists of the department of
agriculture based upon investigations |
recently made. It is also said thnt :
this material Is not likely to be of
value against similar Intestinal pnrn-
sites in other animals.
In the tests that were made by de-
partment specialists, hogs were fed
daily with the soda lye mixed In their
food in accordance with the directions
printed on a label of a commercial
As a result it was found that the
hogs remained Infested throughout the j
period of treatment—2H months—mid
that the extent of Infestation was in j
creased rather than decreased.
While the efficacy of soda lye ;
FOR GAME IS URGED
Number of Shooting Seasons
Shortened and Killing of
Many Birds Prohibited.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
The perpetuation of mlgrntor.v birds
nnd game was made the subject of
over 200 separate state and other laws
passed in 1917. according to the sum-
mary of game laws of that year issued
by the bureau of biological survey,
United States department of agricul-
ture. Thirty-eight of the forty-three
states which held legislative sessions
made more or less extensive changes
in their game laws. Several codified
their statutes and effort to bring open
seasons for migratory birds to con-
form to the federal regulations was
widespread. A number of shooting
seasons were shortened and in some
states the killing of such birds as sage
grouse, quail, prairie chickens, wild
turkeys, doves nnd shore birds was
prohibited in certain localities for sev-
eral years. The Mount McKinley park
lu Alaska was made a federal gnme
reservation. Forty state game pre-
serves were established by state ac-
tion In ten states as follows: Sixteen
In California, six each in Montana and
Wyoming, four in Arizona, three In
Idaho and one each in Oklahoma, Ore-
gon, Tennessee, Washington and Wis-
Changes in laws affecting hlg game
were largely directed toward protect-
ing deer, elk, antelope amf sheep.
VALUE OF SPRAYING
IN APPLE ORCHARDS
Demonstration Experiments Have
Been Carried on at the Mis-
I ?20 per acre, hardly enough to pay in-
I terest on the valuation of the land
! end the expense of growing the or-
Some orchardists have hesitated to
assume the expense of equipping for
I spraying, and of employing the labor
necessary to properly prune the or-
chard. There Is a fear that should
the crop fall the orehardist would not
be in position to pay for his spraying
During recent years the University outfit and his.spraylng material,
of Missouri College of Agriculture at I Many Missouri orchardists last
Columbia In co-operntlon with a aura- spring complained that the rainy
ber of practical orchardists has been 1 weather and cold nights during the
carrying on demonstration expert- blossoming period prevented the bloom
tnents in the value of spraying, prun- from setting fruit, or killed set fruit
Ing and the general renovating of neg-, on frosty nights. The killing was due
lected orchards in Missouri. nlmostf entirely to the fact that in neg-
The results of these demonstrations j leefed orchards the blossoms
show that apple orchards well man-
aged can be made to yield the largest
profits of any Missouri farm crop. On
the other hand neglected orchards in
the same neighborhood hardly yielded
In most o? the properly man-
aged orchards, at least a fair crop of
fruit set nnd matured to fine condi-
tion, due to the fact that trees kept
healthy can usually set fruit even dur-
interest on the valuation of the or- j ing trying weather.
During 1917 the results of proper
spraying and pruning have shown
larger profit than In any previous --
year. During the last year neglected Future Lamb Crop Depends Great Deal
SUCCESS WITH SHEEP FLOCK
Decline in Hen’s Fertility.
There is a steady and progressive
decline In the fertility of hens and
roosters after the first breeding sea-
son. This is proven by the careful
work of Raymond Pearl at the Maine
All Kinds of Stock.
No farmer should raise one kind of
lock exclusively. Cattle, horses, hogs
nd sheep should he mixed in proper
"-ciion, regardless of the size ot
A Bull’s Worth.
Many a great sire has never ap-
j peered in the show ring. A bull’s value
i should be estimated by his usefulness
i as n sire. To he sure an animal may
! he of real value for show purposes,
hut that Is of a temporal nature.
Develop Good Stomach.
We i^ot only need to develop a good
working stomach on a calf, but n good I
acting heart. This cannot he done
without pure air, sunlight aud plenty |
I of exercise.
orchards have set very little or no
fruit. The little fruit which was set
Jiere and there was for the most part
email, wormy and of low market qual-
ity. Orchards properly sprayed and
pruned during the last two or three
years have set anywhere from a fair
np to a heavy crop of fruit. The qual-
ity of apples on well-managed or-
chards this year has been the best
produced In Missouri iu recent years.
Orchards properly sprayed and
well managed have yielded anywhere | thing may be partially true, but in our
from $100 up to several hundred dol-1 many years of experience »viih them
lars per acre, net. Neglected orchards ; : found tbat it pays, in the thrifty eon-
lu the same neighborhood have yielded | ditlon of both ewes and lambs, to give
anywhere from nothing up to $18 to i the sheep careful attention.
on Feeding and Breeding and
Care of Ewes.
A great deal depends on the future
lamb crop, not so much for mutton ns
for the production of wool and the in-
crease of farm flocks. And the future
lamb crop depends a great deal on the
feeding and breeding nnd care of the
ewes during the next few months, says
a writer In an exchange. The impres-
sion that a sheep can stihstst on nny-
Dispose of Inferior Stock.
Now that poultry foods ah' high In
price only the best pullets and yearling
hens should be kept. Any Inferior
stock, or hens too old to lay, will not
make n profit on the food consumed.
Valuable Food Ammunition.
Keep the hens in laying trim. Their
“shells" are valuable food ammunition.
Cow and Sow.
The arm of the farm is the cow and
Filth in Summer.
In the busy season, by the pressure
of other supposedly more necessary
work, it Is very easy to neglect the
poultry house and to pillow filth to col-
lect. This should not be, for the hen
Is one of the best crops on the farm.
Ground Feed for Chicks.
Provide for the chicks fresh, ground
feed when the grass becomes tough.
Allow them access If po- 'ble to the
cornfield. Here there is sufficient green
feed and abundance of shade.
fBy E. O. HEI.LBRS. Acting Director ol
the Sunday School Course ot the Moody)
Bible Inatltute, Chicago.)
/Copyright. 1017. Western Newapaper Union. 1
LESSON FOR DECEMBER 9
EZRA AND NEHEMIAH TEACH
LESSON TEXT—Nehetnlah I t, 4. I, *.
Ill Read entire chapter
GOLDEN TEXT-Thy word la ■ lamp
unto my feet, and a light unto my path.—
p». m toe.
The first day of the seventh month
(8:2) was about October 44-4 B. C.
Seven days feast <vv. 15-18) was the
feast of the Tabernacles beginning
the 15th of the seventh month (Octo-
ber) and continuing for seven or
eight days (Lev. 23). Nehemtah wan
the governor; Ezra the scribe, chief
priest; and Artaxerxes, king of Per-
sia. ruler over Palestine. It would be
Interesting to look up the sudden in-
terjection of Ezra's name into this
discourse; also the special reasons for
teaching the Bible. There Is In this
chapter a record of a full week und
■ of the daily events of that week.
I. The Preparation. Go back to
verse 70 of the preceding chapter, and
you will find that the temple had Just
i been receiving some large gifts. The
task of finishing the wall was also
completed, all of which gives point to
verse one, where it says that the peo-
ple gathered themselves together as
one man. This was an ancient open-
air meeting, one we do well to study.
The people requested Ezra to “bring
the hook." It needed no catch-penny
operations to draw the crowd togeth-
1 er. The writer of Neheraiah calls the
book "the law which the Lord hath,
commanded unto Moses.” (See v. 1
cf. v. 14.) This, of course, would in-
clude Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuter-
| onomy, an indication as to the Mosaic
authorship of the Pentateuch, which Is
In line with the statement that Jesus
Christ made that It was God who had
written it as he had commanded'
Moses. It was not a mob; there was
organization and equipment. (See v.
8 and 4.) The Bible was also read so
that the people could understand It
(v. 2); certainly something that is In
demand in our present day. Ezra
opened the book In the sfgbt of all the
; people, for he stood on an elevation
above them (v. 5) und read "dis-
II. The Reading of the Word. They
read the book, not from some com-
\ mentary or quarterly, though these
have value In their place. The read-
ing began with reverence. Reverence
for but not a worship of the book.
The Bible is not a fetish or a charm
against sickness or accident. The
verse “caused the people to under-
stand the law,” (v. 7) probably means
that is was translated Into the ver-
nacular, the language of the common
people. While God’s word Is a plain
book and easy to read, nevertheless
men of spiritual understanding are
needed to “rightly divide” It unto the-
people (v. 7). However, the great In-
terpreter of the Bible given by the Fa-
ther is the Holy Spirit himself (John
16:12-15; I John 2:20-27). This
method of beginning the study of the
word and Its continuance as presented
In these verses Is a good suggestion
for modern Sunday school workers.
There Is blessing in being a teacher
»nd Joy in being a hearer.
III. The Hearing of the Word. (tv.
9-17). As Ezra and Nehetnlah and
their associates and Levites taught
the people, there was a five-fold result.
First: There was conviction and
mourning. The word of God always
convicts of sin, but the people were
told not to mourn over the past, nor
were they to weep, for ail the people
wept (v. 9). When men hear the
words of the law there will be con-
: vlction of sin. (See Eph. 6:7; Heb.
4:12.) Weeping may not, however, be
conviction (2 Cor. 7:10). Weeping
weakens, but that was not designed,
rather the exhilaration of Joy. More-
over, they were to seek the refresh-
ment of food and drink. Indeed, the
Joy of the Lord was to be their
strength (v. 10). “And there was very
great gladness" (v. 17). In verse 11
we are told that the Levites exhorted
the people to hold their peace, thnt
the day was holy and that they should
he grieved. To this the people re-
; sponded (v. 12), and made great mirth,
because they had understood the dec-,
laratlon of the word of the Lord. No-
tice that Joy and gladness came after
obedience, also that Nehetnlah, the
governor, had a part in the teaching.
It is a great thing for any people when
their civil rulers are genuine, intelli-
gent, and spiritual leaders. The peo-
ple were instructed to show their grati-
tude as well as their piety by remem-
bering “Chose for whom nothing had,
been prepared" (v. 10). The fourth
result was peace (v. 11)—-the peace,
of right relation with God (Rom. 6:
1; Phil. 4:7). Mourning can be con-
tinued too loDg. and. therefore, it was,
necessary to employ the emotion of
mirth and the exercise of work that
the people might enter Into this peace.
The fifth result, therefore, was serv-
ice (v. 12). Notice that their thanks-
giving portions and their service were
based upon tin intelligent knowledge
of God’s word. If there is anything
that present-day social service needs.
It is the illumination which cornea
from a knowledge of God’s word. Last
of all. worship (vv. 13-18). Worship
is a compound of “worth” and "ship.”,
What is God worth to me? Worship
Is the answer. At its best it Is the
spontaneous exercise of the Joy of the
Lord In a redeemed soul, it is not
nr, but quiet, reverent and
It ascends to God: he alone
object, however expressed.
power in a life bulk around
such n ct
Forget the Blessings.
s° little appertains to out
nd happiness so much so, thnt
it over tlmt whieh has pained
us. hut 1*
uve unnoticed that w hich bus
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The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, December 7, 1917, newspaper, December 7, 1917; Copan, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc950675/m1/3/: accessed November 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.