The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, December 7, 1917 Page: 2 of 8
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THE COPAN LEADER
Geautiful Customs and (radrti
# .. <U< . * v---------
of the Chi^tmas
By VALENTINE YARNALL
in Philadelphia Public Ledger
JUT do you know aught
of the first observance
i |>-^v || of Christmas? Of the
I I J S''8* celebration by the
masses in general of
Christmas us a great
holiday? And do you
know the origin of the
various things that are
V a part of our modern
Christmas — the Yule
^%'£f log, the mistletoe, the
The word Christmas
is “Crlstes Maesse,” the Mass of
Christ, first found in 1038, and
“Crlstes-messe” in 1131. In Dutch it is “Kerst-
utisse;' in Latin, “Dies Natalis;” in Italian, “11
natale,” and in German, “VYeinachtsfest.” These
are, of course, based on the Christian celebration
of Christmas as the birthday of Christ.
We are told that the pagan countries of the
world held festivals before the birth of Christ
and that as Christianity spread the early church
sought to replace these pagan festivals with
Christmas festival. The old pagan nations of an-
tiquity had a tendency to worsldp the sun as the
giver of light and life. These festivals took place
near the winter solstice, the shortest day in the
year. This holiday was called Saturnalia by the
Romans and celebrated with great merriment.
Among the people of the north great fires were
kindled to Odin and Thor and sacrifices of men
and cattle were made. The ancient Goths and
Saxons called this festival Yule, which is pre-
served today in the Scottish word for Christmas.
The early Teutons celebrated by decorating giant
lir trees as celestial sun trees. The lights repre-
sented the flashes of lightning overhead; the gol-
den apples, nuts and bails symbolized the sun,
the moon and the stars, while animals hung in
the branches were as sacrifices.
It_ is related that Christmas was not among the
early festivals of the church. The first evidence
of the feast, according to church historians, is
from Egypt. And December 25 was not the day
celebrated with any uniformity in the early days
of the church. The celebration of December 25
spread to most parts of the East In the fourth and
fifth centuries. At Rome the Nativity was cele-
brated December 25 before 354; in the East, at
Constantinople, not before 370,
As Christianity supplanted paganism, ninny of
the old customs were carried along to be handed
down through the ages. We have distinct evi-
dences of Christmas celebration in “Merrie old
England” in the Anglo-Saxon days of Alfred. The
holiday season then began December Id and ended
January 6. With the rise of Puritanism the ex-
istence of Christmas for a time was threatened.
And this extended to this country with those
Puritans who brought an anti-Christmas feeling to
By degree of the Roundhead parliament In
1643 and the .general court of Massachusetts in
1659, the observance of Christmas was officially
banned by England and the New England colon-
ists. But the restoration of English royalty
brought about the restoration of Christmas, and
in T681 Massachusetts repealed the law of 1059.
And so Christmas lias remained through the cen-
turies and is celebrated now' through the entire
Always, but particularly at Advent, the Nor-
wegian makes much of hospitality. On Christ-
mas day, if you were to call to see him, his first
courtesy would he to offer you a pipe of tobacco,
and at dinner, which Is usually more simple than
that of other races, national hymns are sung be-
tween the courses.
In Sweden, where In truth it Is evident that
“cleanliness is next to godliness,” the industrious
housewife has the entire house renovated for the
festival. Nor do they forget their annual friends,
for before they sit down to their own dinner a
sheaf of corn is fastened to a pole and placed
in the garden. Tills is done in order that the
birds may not be without their share of the en-
Another beautiful custom in Scandinavia Is
that of placing in a row a pair of shoes belonging
to each member of the household. This is done
on Christmas eve, and signifies that they will
live together in harmony for another year.
When Christmas comes in Germany the whole
family prepares to go to church. They form in
line, probably in the order of their ages, and,
armed with lighted candles, march to thp service.
As the edifice has no other light than that fur-
nished by the candles, it makes a very pretty
effect to see them appearing one by one until they
have spread over the entire church. With this
Service the season is supposed to begin. In every
house the tables are spread with all sorts of good
tilings, and the lights are left burning the entire
ifight. This is done in order that the Virgin and
the angels will find something to eat when they
SoinC of the superstitions are very quaint and
beautiful. One existing in some part* of Poland
and elsewhere is that on the night before Christ-
mas t lie heavens open and the scene of Jacob's
ladder is enacted, tills, however, being visible only
Candles are put In the windows In certain parts
of Austria, so that the Christ Child may not-stum-
ble in passing through the village.
In Bulgaria they have a curious custom. No
.ne will, if it can possibly be avoided, cross a
strange threshold on this day. It was an early
custom among iliese people to put corn In the
stockings. The head of the family would sprinkle
some in front of the door, saying, “Christ Is born.”
and the reply from (he family was. “He is. In-
deed.” More corn was then taken and put in the
(ire, and wishes would then be made for the fam-
ily, for the house, for the cuttle and for the crops.
A brand was saved from the fire and placed In the
notch of a tree, that assuring them of plentiful
harvests for the coming year.
A maiden in Suabia. in order to know some-
thing of the appearance of her future husband,
would draw one from a bundle of sticks; if it
were short, he would be short; if it were long,
he would be tall; if it were crooked—and so on.
5 £Wa - £
“Are we down-hearted?” Not
that it can he noticed in any of our
habiliments. Our evening gowns join
in u chorus of emphatic denial. Out
of deference to the seriousness of the
business in hand just now, the even-
ing gown is often made in a dark color
but it continues to be brilliant just
the same. This limitation in color and
the feeling for conservative styles, ap-
pears to have stimulated the minds of
fortify the heart of its wearer and
those who look upon her.
For the benefit of those who like
sliver or gold luces and brocades of
satin with silver or gold, these huts
for mid-winter are shown. Their pop-
ularity testifies to an immense number
Whenever a season brings silver or
gold luces, or handsome and rich bro-
cades into favor, it is sure to bring fur
designers to the general benefit of all also and small, brlllluut flowers. They
sorts of clothes. They turn loose tiie ! seem always to keep one another eoin-
iuiaginatlon. for instance, alien only j puny—rich and brilliant birds of a
i black and white are to interpret their ' feather that will flock together. Nov-
Another method of learning of the appearance of
u lover (this time his features) would he to pour
melted lead into a bowl of water, and, from the
shape which the congealed metal took when it
cooled, Imagine some one who appeared like that.
Christmas eve in Russia is a very bustling
time. (Remember, this means prewar and pre-
revolution times in Russia.) The peasants pre-
pare to, and eventually do, form into a procession
and march through the village. They are sure to
pass the houses of the nobility, the mayor and
other officials, stopping at each one to sing carols
and receive, in return, copper. This habit of
begging is called “Kolenda.” A masquerade fol-
lows the procession, and as soon as the evening
star arises the supper is spread.
Paris indulges in one great fete the night before
Christmas. It finds everyone eating a sumptu-
ous dinner, and the restaurants are taxed to their
greatest capacity, for on Christmas eve, if af
no other time of the year he has a full meal, the
Frenchman lias it then. At the Foundling hos-
piial in Lyons a practiee is maintained which (in
the light of recent statements about the decreas-
ing birth rate in France) is somewhat humorous.
A royal welcome is prepared for the first infant
received that day. This special honor, however,
has a very beautiful meaning—it being intended
to contrast the humble story of our Savior with
that of this foundling.
In sunny Italy a sumptuous banquet is pre-
pared, consisting mainly of fish cooked l” many
different ways. Fish is eaten for a week previous
to Christmas and its feast day. The churches
are largely attended and the Italian is careful to
see that his children go also. The children have
their part of the rejoicing in wl.nt is called the
“urn of fate.” In some receptacle, preferably an
urn, are placed written fortunes, and the chil-
dren and their friends, in the order of their ages,
draw lots. Great merriment is occasioned by
some of the ludicrous results. This is to them
what the Christmas tree is to the American child.
Peru presents a scene of varied activity at tills
time of the year; people are bustling to and fro
and having a Jolly good time; suddenly the
church bell rings, calling them to the midnight
mass. The interest of the next morning, Christ-
mas day, is usually centered about a hull fight,
the hiust popular one of the year and one in
which it is said the women take more interest
than the men. After this there is a religious pro-
From Germany we get the Christmas tree; San-
ta Claus from Holland; from Belgium and France
the Christmas stocking, and a “Merry Christmas”
And a Merry Christinas it was, with its ruddy
glow from the kindling Yule logs and the gleam
from the pearly berries of the mistletoe. There
are early records of the mistletoe having been
used as a decoration, and it was held in great
reverence by the Celtic nations.
The bringing in of the Yule log had origin in a
really interesting manner. In the days when
England was young it was the custom of the serfs
to tiring fuel with them to the baronial hall. The
dinner which they rect ived there was to last as
long as the wood burned. This was called bring-
ing a "wet wheel.” The wet wheel was usually a
greeti branch or limb of a tree, and it is obvious
how, since their dinner depended upon the size
of the stick furnished, the stick eventually be-
came larger and larger until it assumed the pro-
portions of a log. The term “Yule” which is pre-
fixed to it simply signifies that it is a log of the
In the old days the feast of St. Martin. Novem-
ber 1, opened the Christmas season. From that
time on mummery and merriment were king.
Elizabethan England, and even England of a
later period, is rich in traditions and supersti-
Anyone fuming a mattress on Christmas day
would die within the year; but the baking of
bread was commended, and loaves baked on that
day would never grow moldy.
Yule cakes Were supposed to have miraculous
power, and on them representations of Jesus were
It! some places in Oxfordshire every maid serv-
ant had the privilege, and frequently exercised it.
of asking a man for Ivy to decorate the house. If
the man assented, well and good; but If he re-
fused, the maid stole a pair of his breeches. The
r.ext day they could he seen nailed to the gate on
The first maid to pass under this evergreen on
Christinas day was sure to be married within the
year, and equally sure of being kissed—for that
was the penalty to he paid by any maid who
passed under it. After each offense a berry was
plucked, while the privilege was supposed to cease
with the last berry.
For anyone but a dark-skinned person to cross
the threshold first on Christmas day was consid-
ered unlucky in parts of Scotland, the reason for
this being that Judas had red hair. No one would
Ihinfe of giving a light or matches at this time
in certain counties, and the bees were supposed
to sing all night Christmas eve, although previous
to this a sprig of holly had been placed on the
hive. Mortals who die on that night are certain
of immediate and perennial happiness.
But enough of these children of the imagination,
citizens of the pnst. Do we not hear, just outside
our chamber door, a youthful choir singing a
carol, as did Washington Irving on that Christ-
mas morning when he was at Bracebridge hall?
And. through the night, were there not voices eith-
er blended with, or a part of. our dreams, which
sang the news of a Savior born?
The singing of carols is not peculiar to Eng-
land. where it was introduced by the Puritans.
In France they are similar in character to those
of the nation across the Channel, and are called
noels. In Italy the Calabrian shepherds are itin-
erant musicians and choral singers. At the sea-
son of Advent they come down from the moun-
tains to the cities singing their peculiar hill
music. Lady Morgan gives an Interesting account
of the piety of these shepherds. Having seen them
stop every year in front of a carpenter's shop in
Rome, to sing and play, she questioned them of
tiie reason for this. They replied that in that way
they gave honor to St. Joseph, who was a car-
penter nlso. The name of these singers is
The word “carol” is really formed upon two
other words: Cantare, to sing, and rola, an Inter-
jection of joy. Therefore, the term carol need
not he confined to Christmas music, although that
Is tiie general urn of the world.
In Wales and Ireland the custom of singing
carols is better preserved than in England, as is
also the case In France.
Of the origin of tiie Christmas tree, we have
many beautiful legends, of which that of St.
Boniface is not tiie least. Unfortunately, it is
(oo long to have more than a mere mention of
(he recognition that is due it In an article of this
A Scandinavian myth tells of its having sprung
from blood-saturated soil, where two lovers met a
violent death, and always thereafter on Christmas
eve lights were seen to bum in the branches.
On of the French legends of the thirteenth cen-
tury spenks of a gigantic tree which the hero dis-
covers. Its branches were Covered with burning
candles, and on the top floated a vision of a child.
Not understanding the meaning of this, he asked
the pope for an explanation. The pope’s reply
was that the tree represented mankind; the child,
the Savior; tiie candles, good and bad human be-
Some writers have found a connection between
GOWN IN CHIFFON VELVET AND SILVER.
dreams—there Is so much reserve in
the color combination that they can
afford to use some little eccentricities
in style—and they do use them to the
very best possible advantage. Bril-
liant colors are not left out by any
the original Christmas tree and Yggdrnsill, Hie means, but the majority of women pre-
giunt ash tree of Scandinavian mythology, which fer to use them in touches rather tliun
spread its branches over the whole world: others masses, as in vestees i* rich brocade
point to the pine tree used in the Bacchanalia, or embroidery, or in corsage flower
which was crowned with the image of Bacchus, : or a hand of brillinnt ribbon, veiled
and again there are those who speak of tiie cus- j
tom of the ancient Egyptians, who at the time of
tiie winter solstice decorated their houses with
tiie branches of the date palm—these are all re-
ferred to as probable progenitors of our custom
of trimming a tree and decorating our buildings.
Similar trees were used on festive occasions by
tiie Hindus, sometimes artificial and of priceless
value, being formed of pearls and other precious
Whatever may he said, there is no certain
knowledge of the use of the trees as we now have
11 before (tie sixteenth century. We find it ap-
pearing at Strassburg, in Germany, at about that
time, and for 200 years it was maintained along
the Rhine. After this period, during which it was
gaining strength, it suddenly flashed over ail Ger-
many. Tins was at the beginning of the nine- j
teenih century, in the 50 years succeeding this
sudden growth it had struck its roots into all
Tiie preparation of It for the eyes of the young
in Germany, the country where tiie modern prac-
tice originated, is an affair of great secrecy. It is
kept in a separate room, which is locked, and into
whose mysteries none but the mother is it .
At six o'clock in the evening of tiie day be-
fore Christmas the door is opened and in the j
children rush to receive their presents, which un-
hung on and spread all about the tree. Then tlv
children present their gifts to their parents, and ,
lion to each other, and the whole surprise is
over before Christmas eve has passed. Prole.Id;,
tills explains the lassitude that Is experienced
tiie next (lay—which feeling, nevertheless, is not j
solely charncterisHc of Germany.
America ri-c. i 'd Its first tree through the- G
man immigrant, who brought It with h-m. I
for a long time the festival did not receive n<o
nition because of tiie lufvs forbidding it. li iu.
not until the latter part of the eighteenth - - o j
tury that these laws were repealed, and after ti-." i
It took some time for it to emergp from Hi*- stoi
of quiescence Inlo which it had been forced.
To our country belong tiie honor of being 'I
birthplace of the Christmas card, which. : dl; j
enough, together with other Christ inns r<-::, i j
branees, lias degenerated In some cases to n men
The custom first started with Hie school pice*
which the schoolboy of tiie middle nineti-< nth
century was to read at tiie annual school cxei
rises always given at this time of the year. Th-
original flourishes of embellishment on Me
cards, upon which the pieees to be read were i -
ten. grew Into an elaborately designed poem o
maxim, good wishes or what not.
Tusscr. in his “Five Hundred Points of G
Husbandry," said, and wisely, too:
"At .Christman play and mnke good cheer.
For Christinas comes but once a year."
Happy are those who profit by this advice, an
more happy those who maintain, in some fern
this spirit through the 304 days which Interval
before another such time returns.
with crepe. Metal laces and metallic
silks and tissues compensate tiie de-
signer who is instructed to use quiet
Chiffon velvet or satin used with
georgette crepe, make the stronghold
of the costumer who is occupied with
evening and afternoon dresses. Very
often now tils task is to make one
gown answer both purposes and very
clever are these two-in-one cr ations.
The lovely model pictured is as tine
as anything that the season has pre-
sented in evening gowns. It is n com-
bination of black chiffon velvet with
silver tissue and black chiffon or very
thin crepe georgette. Tiiese metallic
tissues are woven with light colored
- Iks si, that pale colors appear in the
sheen of silver as pale blue or green or
rose. In ihe gown pictured a slip
made of silver (issue is veiled with
rlty is provided by new shapes and
new ways of developing hats and their
trimmings, and “age cannot wither or
custom-stale” the charm of these rich
stuff’s. Hats made of them suggest the
splendor that is dear to women.
In the group of hats pictured here,
tiie turban at the left is made of black
satin brocaded with gold. It Is a be-
coming shape with two pompons of
fur daringly placed at the sides. A
binding of black velvet about the edge
is immensely becoming as a finish
about the face.
At the right a small shape with
drooping brim lias a round crown of
"Wlmt's tin* (rouble?” asked Brothei
Bacon as lie went to see Grandfathet
G r a n d f a thei*
Porky liked to
have all the pigs
pay him a great
deal of attention
and so ho had
been grunting all
the morning as
hard as he could.
“W h y didn’t
you come before?”
lie squealed when
. „ „ Brother Bacon
“Fine Reason,” a|Tiv,(1 at
Squealed Crand- .., h „ v p ,, „ „
father Porky. „]one tll„
morning ami none of the pigs hove
been near me.”
“I'm sorry, grandfather,” grunted
Brother Bacon, "but I came just as
soon as I finished my breakfast.”
Just at tills moment along came
Pinky Pig, Master Pink Pig (his broth-
er) and his mother, Mrs. Pinky.
"Ik-llo, Grandfather Porky,” tuey all
said. “What was the mutter with you
“Dear me,” said Mrs. Pinky. “1 al-
most lmd indigestion.”
"Why didn't you?” grunted Grand-
father Porky crossly.
“Why didn't 1?" repeated Mrs. Pinky.
"Because—well, because—because I
“Fine reason," squealed Grandfather
“Do you want me to lmve indiges-
tion?” Mrs. Pinky squealed In a sad
j "I don’t care especially,” said
Grandfather, “but I thought you must
; have had something the matter with
l you to talte so long In coming to see
me when I sent out word I wished
“Thank you fur nut caring whi ther
I have indigestion or not,” said Mrs.
“For that matter, mother,” said
Pinky Pig, "you don’t care whether he
: has It or not. It's just oUr nature to
care more for ourselves than others.
! That’s why we’re pigs.”
“Of course, of course,” grunted Mrs.
Pinky. “You dear, bright pig. You
! always understand everything. To ho
sure, it’s our nature—our nice piggish
nature. I wouldn’t care if Granilfathi r
Porky had Indigestion, and he wouldn’t,
care if I had it, so we’re fair enough.”
“You should pay more attention to
me,” said Grandfather. “I am the
| oldest pig in the barnyard."
“Shows you’re a regular pig to care
so much for yourself and to look after
yourself so well that you live longer
than any of us,” said Brother Bacon.
“From the way you are going on,**
said Grandfather P/irky, “I think you
will follow in my footsteps."
“In your mud-steps, you mean,”
said Miss Ham, who had just arrived.
“Hu. ha," squealed Pinky. “A pig
joke. I la, ha.”
“Why are you so late?" a' ki d Grand-
father Porky of Miss Ham, not paying
any attention to the Joke,
black punne velvet nnd a brim of sll- ! “I wns eating my breakfast"
ver lace. About the brim edge there “What time did you get up thW
is a narrow brocaded ribbon. In brll- morning?” asked Grandfather.
Rant colors under tiie silver ince and 1 “She roust have overslept,”
tiie same ribbon appear again below
the collar of seal fur at the base of
the crown. Here it Is placed over the i
lace. At the right side, a small bow
of the brocaded ribbon supports two
ends finished with a bit of fur and
The hat of gold lace at the ceil -r Is j
called lie- “bustie” hat It is entirely
of gold lace and gold net. tiie latter
puffed on to a wide bandeau at the |
hack. The brim is edged with fur. A
favorite trimming for lints of this kind
black chiffon. The chiffon petticoat ; is narrow blue grosgrnin ribbon
has a narrow hem at the bottom with ibreaded through the gold lace about
black beads, (that look like Jet hut j ilie crown and a little cluster of small
are much lighter in weight) at the brilliant flowers- posed somewhere on
head. | the brim,
chiffon velvet makes the long. full. 1 • the matron smart turban shapes
BRILLIANT HATS FOR MIDWINTER.
apron drapery at the front and hack
that is so loosely and artfully adjusted
to the under dress. There are two
flat girdles of tiie velvet, one at the
normal waistline in the front, lifted
toward the back, nnd one at the waist-
line in the back dropping below at the
sides and disappearing under tiie
front of the overdress.
This Is a beautiful model that will
with snappy lines, covered with bine
and gold brocade and trimmed with
ostrich fancy feathers or handsome Jet
ornaments cannot be outclassed In any
of the lists that are made for after-
noon nnd evening wear.
mr ii/ir FAMILY TRAIT 1 "n^ of business, says London Tit-Bits. I the ball nnd cross had been bent down,
DARING WAb r i Qne these Woottons, In the time | and looked dangerous. This steeple-
of George III, was famous for repair- j climber raised ladders one after the
Ing steeples and spires without using | other, assisted by blocks and ropes,
scaffolding; he did his work by the and secured each in succession to the
help of ladders, hooks, and ropes, stonework with clamps. When he got
When he repaired St. Peter’s spire, near the top of the spire the work be-
Nottingham, in 1789, having finished I came more difficult, and the spectators
his work, he beat a drum at its top anxiously watched him as he fixed the
with thousands of people looking on. last ladder. Having accomplished this
Another of the Woottons undertook feat, Wootton stepped from the ladder
__ the perilous task of ascending the j on to the crown or pinnacle of the
'during" steeple- spire of St. Mary’s, Manchester, which j steeple, and stood quite upright, with
* C -r adventure, hut in the | was very lofty. By a tremendous wind I Ids hands free. Then he raised a
For Centuries the Woottons of Notting-
ham Were Among the Most Fam-
ous Steeplejacks in England.
Cleverness or skill in doing some
particular tldng has been noticed to
iveur in families, nnd steeple-climbing
is ,me example. At Nottingham there
family named Wootton, mem-
•li had for centuries the
hers of "'ll
rcpntatiin of bring
cheer, which wns responded to by th
crowds below. More extraordinary still
one of tiiese steeple-climbers Is said ti
have performed the feat of standing
upon his head on a steeple top, but
there is some doubt about the story.
Cleans School Erasers. I tracts all of the dust from the surface
With the electrically driven machine nnd crevices of tiie felt. The dust Is
recently developed by a manufacturing drawn into a section of the base. The
Every Style Except One.
“How’s our new cook?”
‘The customers are doing consider
able kicking about his cooking.”
“He says he can cook oysters In
“Every style except satisfactorily.
concern in the east erasers are eiean-
i ed right in the schoolroom or In the
| corridor. No need to throw them Into
j n basket and take them outside or In-
i to the basement. A small girl can op-
, rate tin- device nnd get the erasers
| thoroughly dean, says The Electrical
Kxporiincii'er. Turning the switch
-1-1 s a rapidly revolving brush In uio-
Tbi* looi-ecs llie (lust and 1 he
i -i.-v eloped by the motor ex-
ulr created by tiie strong suction is
filtered before it comes out of the ex-
One of the most mistaken proverbs
1 have ever heard Is "Practice what
you preach.” I would not give n fig
for a man that could not preach bet-
ter than In- can practice. Dr. Frank
“Not at all," squealed Miss limn.
“I just wns a little scrap hungrier
“Couldn't you liuve shared some of
your food with me?" asked Grand-
“I ate it nil myself without any
trouble.” said Miss Ham.
“You’re a selfish lot of pigs,” said
Grandfather Porky. “You spend the
whole morning eating breakfast. That's
supposed to he tiie first meal of the
day—it's not supposed to last for a
number of hours.”
"We dc,n't bother about hours,” said
Pinky Perk, "any more than you do.
Grandfather. And If you may eull
meals by different
names you eat
Just as much as
we do. We can’t
said his mother.
"He’s not wise,”
said Brother Ba-
ron. “He’s just a .... u „ . .
Pig, that’s all.” Ha' Hj*-”Squealfd
"And you’re all Pinky,
pigs, everyone of you,” said Grandfa-
ther crossly. “I’m ashamed of you.”
“What did you think we were, Grand-
father?” asked Miss Ham. "Did you
lake us for birds before?”
"Don’t be rude," said Grandfather.
“But it is pretty hard on an old pig
not to have his grandchildren bring
him presents of food.”
“We must be going,” said all the
pigs. “It's time for luncheon.*' And
os they went off they said to each oth-
er, "He’s tiie biggest pig of all. for he
wants us all to bring him food.”
Where Hlo Clothe* Were.
Jimmie giggled wtien the teacher
read the story of the Roman who
swam neross the Tiber three times lie-
loro breakfast. “You do not doubt a
trained swimmer could do that, do you
“No, Kir," answered Jimmie, "hoi I
wondered why lie didn’t mnke it fonr
and get hack to the side his clothes
She Was Fat.
The small boy had been warned by
his nurse as to the awful result of bit-
ing his nulls.
“If you bite your nails," she said,
“you will swell out like an ulr balloon
The small tioy believed, took heed
nnd didn't bite his nails any more.
Tiie small hoy went to a children's
party, where he stood and gazed at
the hostess for some minutes In sl-
icqee. Then he spoke.
“If you don’t stop bliiog your nails
n !i ! iow r.p.”
Here’s what’s next.
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The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, December 7, 1917, newspaper, December 7, 1917; Copan, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc950675/m1/2/: accessed September 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.