The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 28, Ed. 1 Friday, August 4, 1916 Page: 2 of 8
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THE CO PAN LEADER
corrMorr. nn er rni n<CiMKi nemnn* sr»e/cArt
VICE AND VIRTUE.
Vice is a monster of so frightful mien,
To be hated needs but to be seen;
let seen too oft. familiar with ltB face,
"We first endure, then pity, then embrace.
There is always sorrow in my heart,
never scorn, when I hear of a girl,
young In years,
who has erred
aud never been
enabled to find
her way back
from the primrose
path she entered
to, the rugged,
straight and nar-
row way tlie good
Those who do not
know the history
of that one poor
henrt that sinned
and suffered, the
the pressure of
want, the falsity
of those whom she trusted, the ship-
wreck of her affections, should not
jndge her unheard. The problem of
the working girl whose path Is beset
by dangers little dreamed of by the
majority of women offers a grave situ-
ation for readjustment. The women
who employ young, innocent, inexpe-
rienced girls in their households should
have their attention called to the grave
error on their part of leaving such
girls In their homes unprotected while
they go off summering. “We are keep-
ing tlie house open for my son," one
woman will complacently tell another,
Adding: "Annie will have scarcely any-
thing to do except cook for him and
keep his room in order. He may bring
home a young man friend to pass a
few days with him now and then, but
young men are scarcely any trouble.
Annie may thank her stars that I do
not close up the house, which would
oblige her to secure another place
during the summer."
It would he a thousand times better
for many an Annie if they sought new
places rather than remain under such
conditions, especially if she has beauty
combined with innocence and an all-
too-trustful nature. Many a youth is
an angel for all that his folks know
concerning' him, a model young man In
the home under parental eyes, but
quite a different person among those
of his kind, with nil restraint removed.
Left to his own devices, many a son
of a good family commences the dig-
ging of a pit for his own feet quite
as soon as mother and father have
turned their backs on home. With
hilarious companions, he starts In to
have a good time. His comrades
comment on tlie good looks of Annie—
the redness of her cheeks, the bright-
ness of her eye and the trimness of
If young master and his guests
choose to have midnight lunches, An-
nie must be there to prepare it for
them. Annie is praised for her cake,
flattered by attention. An Intimacy
hitherto unthought of springs up.
There are no fellow workers about
with whom Annie may take counsel,
no older women to warn her to be-
ware, take care.
The mother is the last one to whom
Annie can tell the story of misadven-
ture when she returns. The son sug-
gests to his mother that lie would ad-
vise Annie's being turned off—he is
sure she has formed the drink habit
The girl is promptly discharged. She
goes from had to worse. Whose fault
is it? The mother would not have
left one of her own daughters in
peril from close association with wild
young men, alone, unprotected, yet
stie took no pains to safeguard an-
other girl Just as young and Innocent.
All young men are not wolves in
sheep’s clothing, seeking whom they
may devour; probably not one in five
hundred is not all that he should be,
hut it Is difficult to select that one
from the many. Therefore all inno-
cent girls should be safeguarded from
dangers that menace them even at
their good husbands to know now :
their names were handed about l>> !
tlie scoundrel who boasts of making
conquests of them.
Such men are dangerous in any com
munity. Of course their hark is worse
than their bite, lint still they can
wink a good woman's reputation down
In less time than It takes to tell It
and do her a world of harm in awak-
ening suspicion (which should never
have existed) about her. Men should
take the matter into their own hands.
Instead of applauding tlie boaster, or
giving his extravagant tales the bene-
fit of (lie doubt, he should be sternly
cried down, scoffed at, put to shame.
Those who listen—who have sisters
at home—cun never be sure he will
not select their women folk to mix up
in his cleverly woven falsehoods. Men
who boast of their wealth are bad
enough, but tlie men who boast of
the women they jolly are many pegs
lower down. Jinny of these boasters
are not really so bad as they would
have their churns believe them to be.
They Invent tales out of whole cloth
In which they show themselves up as
jolly fellows irresWtnble to woman-
kind. They wed late, if at all. They
have given themselves a bad name
which sticks to them.
Oh. If the world were mine, love.
I'd give the world for thee!
Alas! There Is no sign. love.
Of that contingency.
So, being poor, we part, dear.
And love, sweet love, must dt«
Thou wilt not break thy heart, dear.
No more, I think, shall I.
If there is one class of men more
abhorrent to their own sex than any
other it is the cad who boasts of his
conquests with women. He considers
himself a lady-killer or, In other
words, a specimen of humanity no
female could help admiring—aye, fall-
ing in love with.
To hear him tell the story, one
might Imagine young women were
standing In line eager for him to se-
lect a sweetheart from among them.
He tells of how he “jollied" this girl
or that one, declaring with gusto that
she actually believed all he said, fool-
ish maid. He boasts with glee of how
he took this girl away from her be-
trothed lover on a dure as to wheth-
er he could do It or not, or cut out
n friend who was deeply In love with
the prettiest girl in the town. He
does not say much of his conquests
of widows, for he knows he would not
be believed, for jollying does not stand
The pretty girls In the shops do not
escape his tongue. He boasts of flirt-
ing with a new one every day, taking
her to a movie, and not seeing her
when she passes the next time, being
attracted to a prettier face.
Foolish matrons, innocent of wrong
Intent, but who cannot keep the desire
of be admired, come In for their share
of his boasting. These he handles
unmercifully, in a way which would
mean pistols and coffee for two were
MALE FLIRT OF LAST YEAR.
Time is s grief that wastes the heart
Like mildew on a tulip's eyes.
When hope, deferred but to depart.
Loses Its smiles, but keeps its sighs.
What has become of the male flirt
of yesteryear, the affable young man
who captured the hearts of all tlie
marriageable young women at the sea-
side or mountain resorts, the hand
some youth who kept all the feminine
hearts guessing as to which one of
them was to he his choice at the end
of the season? lie was wont to ac-
company one girl for an early stroll
before breakfast, sit with another on
the sands at noon, read poetry to a
prettier maid in a sheltered nook of
the veranda all the cool afternoon,
stroll on the sands in tlie gleaming
with yet another, take some other girt
for a row on the water in the glorious
moonlight, and dance and flirt with
every other attractive girl in the ball
room—the first one on the floor and
the last to leave it—far into the wee
He had a way of making each girl
believe that he wns in love with her
and her only. But the last week of
the season lie had suddenly decamped,
leaving a long trail of sighing women
behind him. In each Instance, he had
begged for the privilege of correspond-
ing, and every girl watched long and
eagerly upon her return home for the
letter that never came.
Quite three-fourths of the disap-
pointed maids and spinsters resolved
on another season nt the same place,
hoping for last year's beau to return.
These are the women who can never
be made to understand the tactics of
the experienced male flirt. If one
braver than the rest makes bold to
make inquiry ns to why he left so sud-
denly last year and if he Is to be with
them during the present season, they
usually learn things about him which
crusli their fond hopes at one fell
“Oh, yes, Mr. So and So was called
away suddenly by the illness of one of
his children," answers the hotel pro-
prietor, affecting not to notice the ex-
pression on his guest's face. He kept
to himself the fact that tlie handsome
Beau Brummel had been paid by him
so much per week to make it pleosunt
for tlie young women so that they
might remain the season through.
Of course. It goes without saying
that all men who are gallant to the
ladies are not flirts, but it is just as
well for women to be careful of their
hearts, keeping them well in leash.
He who makes love to many is not in
love with any particular one—unless
it may he himself. Look out for a new
flirt in last year's nest.
Happy Union of Voile and Organdie.
Transparent organdie, daintily em-
broidered, and striped or flower-sprin-
kled voiles nre evidently made for one
another. Aided by hemstitching, de-
signers have Joined them and no one
would ever wish to put them asunder.
The result of this happy union is
numerous, whimsical, and altogether
adorable little afternoon and party
frocks with much captivating charm.
One of them makes its appearance, and
every feminine beholder runs straight
a-shopping to acquire such a frock for
Designers vie with one another in
making alluring models, and have
shown how much can be done with
these simple materials. One of the
prettiest is made of white voile having
a delicate crossbar in lines that are of
blue, green, rose and black. But they
nre so tine that the colors are indis-
tinct. Little sprigs of blue and dull-
pink roses, no larger than a pea, are
scattered over it. The skirt is made of
three wide bands of voile set together
with bands of transparent organdie
with a dainty embroidered edge. The
embroidered edge overlaps tlie voile,
and tlie plain edge is finished with
narrow val lace. A band of the em-
broidered organdie finishes the bottom
of the skirt.
The baby waist Is cut with short
kimona sleeves. These are lengthened
by puffs of organdie extending to the
ftrist. This is gathered into a cuff of
the embroidered organdie finished with
val lace. The bodice is made over a
net foundation and finished with n
deep collar of the embroidered organ-
die. The girdle Is of lavender velvet
ribbon. The underskirt is of plain
The dainty frock pictured is made
of white voile striped with pale bands
in maize blue and rose.
Beetles and Their Habits.
One of tlie most amazing things in
natural history is the way in which
beetles have triumphed In the struggle
for existence, says Popular Science
Monthly. Of creatures they are by far
the most numerous, no fewer than
150.000 distinct species having been
identified—three times the number of
Beetles nre wonderfully adaptable.
They are found practically everywhere
—in the frost-bound tracts of Iceland
nnd In the hot desert sands of Africa;
on tlie highest mountains, under the
ground, and as fossil, in the deepest
strata; on lund and in water; on
plants, among stones, and In wood
and earth; and even in the very crs
ters of volcanoes.
But there is one place where no
beetle has yet been found—it Is the in-
hospitable land of Spitzbergen, to the
north of Russia. Here are mammals,
birds, fish, mollusks, crustaceans, a
few Insects of varied species, and many
spiders, but not a single beetle. While
other insects have succeeded In some
way in migrating from the mainland,
the beetles have apparently been un-
able to cross the wide, icy waters.
Centrifugal Pump Best.
An electrically driven centrifugal
purnp offers many advantages over all
other kinds, foremost among which is
its adaptability to automatic or re-
mote control. The mere throwing of
a hand switch will start or stop the
largest pump. Pressing a button con-
trols the smaller sizes. For pumping
water from mines and In similar in-
stallations these pumps are provided
with automatic control. When the wa-
ter reaches a certain level the motor
starts and pumps it out instances
are on record where mine pumps and
their driving motors have been totally
submerged for days, but have pumped
themselves clear in a few hours.
Little Walter's uncle was attached
to the commissary department. Natur-
ally, little Walter wanted to know
what that meant. His father ex-
plained that it was the commissary's
duty to supply the soldiers with food
and drink nnd the like. The very next
day a lady came to call uud asked
Walter how his Cncle Paul was. "He's
tine," said the young man. "He's a
Cape-Collar and Cuff Sets.
The new matched sets, of sheer j above all, the most elegant. Very
material, made to wear with Jackets, j narrow Cluney lace edgings are liked
frocks and coats, add more style and on them. Three of the most pleasing
life to the toilette than any other uc- designs In sets are shown In the pic-
eessory of dress. They are unbeliev- i ture. These accessories look best
ably low priced us compared to their 1 with plain frocks and coats and are
effectiveness, and anyone may own nt j out of harmony with fussy clothes,
least two or three sets. For the They catch the eye first and should
needlewoman who knows how to do
hand embroidery they make opportun-
ity for the addition of real elegant
to her wardrobe. But the ready-
made, machine-embroidered sets look
almost as well and are as crisp and
fresli. Those who cannot embroider
can make the sets, trimmed with plait-
ed frills or hemstitched borders in
Transparent organdie is the dainty
fabric most favored for making neck-
wear, hut there are several other
materials each effective In Its own
way. Fine, washable silks, crepe
georgette and crepe de chine, chiffon
and net all are used in sets of equal
charm. Even silk mull does well for
these matched sets.
Frills of net or lace on the less
sheer materials, and embroidered or-
be worth while to look at.
Besides sets made of sheer mate-
rials. others of pique and linen, to he
worn with tailored suits of any sort,
are having something of a vogue. Oc-
casionally they are to be seen stif-
fened, but oftener they nre worn soft.
C’ollurs are smaller in these heavier
fabrics, and trimming—even rows of
machine stitching—Is conspicuous by
(By E. O SELT.EUS. Acting Director of
tie Sunday School Course of the Moody i
Bible Institute. Chicago.)
(Copyright, 1 s# 16. Western Newspaper Union.) .
LESSON FOR AUG. 6
BEST AVAILABLE BREEDING MATERIAL
Evolution of Hat Trimming.
A curious change has taken plnce
in the trimming of bats. Formerly a
hat was deliberately trimmed with tills
or that— flowers, feathers or some-
thing else—a separate garniture at-
tached to the hat. Now the trimming
Is made, as It were, in one with the
hat—• /ort of mural decoration. If
gandie borders, help make up the end- the trimming were removed there
less variety of style in which these i would he no hat. The new hut is ef-
matched sets are shown. But the fectlve, less cumbersome and more
embroidered seta with dots or small beautiful, but alas! no less expensive
flower designs and eyelet work urn, —Vogue.
This Season's Skirts.
There Is one embarrassment to be
looked for In buying ready-made
dresses this season; the skirt Is likely
to be very short, and often there is
not enough depth of hem to lengthen
It sufficiently for a tall woman, If she
Is conservative in her tastes. If the
material can be matched a plain skirt
may be lengthened by adding a broad
hem that is stitched up on the right
side, either with or without u piping
at the top. Many skirts are trimmed
this year with a false hem put on the
right side in tills way. Another method
for silks and other thin materials Is
to add a piece of the proper depth, and
then cover the Join with a little frill or
quilling, or with a silk-covered cord
piH on In waves or loops. Some Idea
of this kind is often useful In altering
an old dress.
Not only sweaters and middle suits
made to pull over the head hut a great
many of the newest cloth suits urn
cither fastened on the shoulder* or
i made like Jumper*.
GREATEST THING IN THE WORLD, j
True ministry is in the exercise of
spiritual gifts (Eph. 4:7-15). Every
believer is a member of the body of
Christ, aud therefore has a detiulte
ministry. Though the gifts are di-
verse, all are equally honorable tie-
cause they are bestowed, administered
and energized by the Holy Spirit. ;
Love alone gives value to the ministry
of any gift.
I. Fill the Gift With Love (vv. 1-3).
Just as tlie body is dead unless a liv-
ing soul abides in and inspires It, so
Is the gift unless filled with tlie spirit
of love. Tills is the "more excellent
way” to which Paul makes reference j
nt the conclusion of Chapter 12. In
praising love Paul does uot full into
the error of criticizing others, not even
his followers, and suggests that even
lie may tie wanting In tills trait. The
Corinthians were eager to attain ex-
; cellcnce and to be prominent In wis-
dom nnd philosophy; to understand
the world in which they lived; to tie
scholars and teachers and improve
and correct society. Paul therefore
shows how vain are such tilings unless
filled with the motive of love. (1) The
gift of tongues. The saints in the
church at Corinth seem to have been
particularly gifted in this direction,
nnd to have been proud of it, (Oil. 14:
! 2-23) and eager to outstrip the others.
Paul tells them that such boasting ;
amounts to little. The grace of love j
Is a fur more excellent way. (2) The j
gift of prophecy. The New Testament ]
prophet was a forth-teller, not a teller
of the future. To be a forth-teller was |
a thing to be coveted and admired, but j
not unless accompanied by love. (3)
Miracle working. A man can have
this In the most powerful form con-
ceivable, and yet If be has not love,
he Is nothing. (4) Benevolence. You
can give all you have for the most
philanthropic purpose, to feed the
poor, and if you have not love you nre
| “nothing.” How many false hopes
tills will anni 1 til late (see Mathew 6:1*
4; 23:5). (5) Martyrdom. Give the body
to die at the stake, nnd It will bring
no great reward. The supreme gift,
the one absolute essential, is love,
can stop it.
II. Love Is Known by Its Mani-
festations (vv. 4-7). Having shown the
absolute necessity of love Paul shows
| how we may recognize It. The beliav-
! lor of love can be seen nnd known.
Paul set for us 15 manifestations. (1)
IjOve sufferetli long. Love is no pass-
ing emotion, but a fixed thought. (2)
it is kind. Kindness in action, love
at work. (3) Love envieth not. It
does not grow out of selfishness, for
selfishness is tlie very opposite of love.
(4) Love vnunteth not Itself, does not
climb to tlie housetops to proclaim its
glory. (5) Is not puffed up. There Is
no inflation, like a soap bubble, to
dazzle ttic eye. (0) Does not behave
itself unseemly, that is without deli-
cacy of feeling. Unseemly conduct
grows from pride and selfishness,
whereas love Is tlie foundation of true
eonrtesy. (7) Seeketh not her own. Is
not looking out for self first of all. (8)
Is not easily provoked ; good tempered,
not irritable. To lose one’s temper Is
a dangerous evil. The evil is not so
much In the temper tiut In our failure
to control it. (St) Thlnketh no evil.
Puts the best construction upon the
| acts of others, making ail possible al-
lowances. (10) Rejoiceth not In ini-
quity. (11) Rejoiceth In the truth, tlint
is, is tn sympathy with nil that is true.
(12) Bearetli all things; endureth
hardships and trials for tlie working
nut of tlie kingdom. (13) Bellevefh all
tilings; not credulous but putting the
best construction upon the words of
others, and having faith in the final
outcome of every good cause. (14)
Hopeth all things; Is not discouraged
In the dark and shadowy days. (15)
Endureth all things; it goes on believ-
ing nnd hoping to the end ; uo obstacle
can stop It. Surely such a catalogue
of the marks of love Is enough to
make us all pause and meditate.
III. The Permanence of Life (vv.
8-13). Tlie word “fnlletli" here denotes
falling In the sense of cessation, and
love is contrasted with three typical
but passing forms of Christian ex-
pression. (1) "Propheciesnot the
things prophesied hut the gift or act
of prophesying (v. 3) which nt best
can only partially express God's word.
Prophecy will pass away In the fuller
vision and wider knowledge of (Sod
"Who Is love.” (2) "Tongues." The
time will come when they will not lie
needed as a sign nor to enable us to
express our varied emotions. The di-
vinely Inspired prophecies tell but a
part of what is yet to be. (3) “Knowl-
edge." It shall he done away In the
fuller knowledge of the eternal world
as the light of the stars vanish before
the rising sun. When that which Is
perfect Is come these lights will be
seen to he only like the separate stones
of a quarry which can only be fully
understood when the whole building
stands before tin In Its completion.
Paul gives an Illustration of this truth
from the familiar case of tlie growing
child (vv. IV, 12). In conclusion (v.
13) faith, hope, love abideth, throe
graces, imperishable and Immortal.
"Hope Is a fonntaln; fntth draws the
water and drinks; love distributes the
water to others,” Dr. J. II. Jowett. But
the greatest of these Is love, (a) Love
Is greater In Its nature. It brings us
closer to God. making ns partakers of
his nature. It Is tlie one thing with-
out which faith and hope are of little
avail, (b) It la powerful as an t>
! fluence for good and the strongest mo-
tive for the upbuilding of character.
(c) It is universal, reaching people of
every degree, land and nation. The
longer one lives the more love he can
have. It grows and has an Incretisi .%
I blessedness and gl***".
’ • • • "*, V ■ ;
College Dale, Bred and Exhibited by Kansas Agricultural College.
(By FRANK D. TOMBON.)
There is a growing inclination on
the part of various Oklahoma oil pro-
ducers whose daily Incomes have
reached large proportions, to Invest a
portion of their profits In purebred
beef cattle, for they have proved lib-
eral bidders In the various sales where
they have been represented.
It is generally known that the beef
producers of Argentina and other
South American countries are looking
to the United States for their supply
of breeding stock. For many years
they depended almost wholly upon the
British Isles for their seed stock, but
gradually they have turned their at-
tention to this country, and the vari-
ous breed associations, particularly
the Shorthorn association, have co-op-
rated with them and have tilled large
orders during the past year.
At a recent Iowa Shorthorn sale in
which 48 Shorthorns were sold nt an
average of $1,074 per head, the Okla-
homa oil men and Francisco V. Maissa,
liuenos Aires, Argentina, competed for
various high class entries with the re-
sult that prices gradually mounted up-
ward. us indicated by the average of
over $1,000. It should be understood
that the representatives of these large
interests nre most discriminating In
j their selections and are not offering
liberal bids merely to get rid of their
money, but, on the other hand, are de-
termined to secure the best representa-
, lives of tlie breed, considered from
both the standpoint of Individual mer-
it and the strength of the pedigree.
They draw marked distinction between
seed of a high order and the ordinary
standard. This is a day when good
seed is at a premium because knowl-
edge of the reproductive powers of
good seed is more widely disseminat-
ed than ever before
The cattle breeder who has brtsl Ills
herd along Intelligent lines with this
fact clearly in mind is today reaping
Ids reward and apparently we are only
at the threshold of a period of dis-
crimination and broad expansion. It
is a wholesome fact that in all of the
more important sales, the more dis-
criminating breeders nre competing
sharply with the Argentine buyers and
the representatives of the oil inter-
ests, and it is to their credit that
many of the most desired breeding an-
imals retain their home in the old-
established breeding ground of the
central West—a source from which
our people may continue to obtain the
best available breeding material.
BEST TIME TO PICK WEED OUT ALL THE
PIGS FOR BREEDING UNPROFITABLE COWS
To Improve Swine Herd. Select Selection on Dairy Records Will
Stock From Offspring of Give Accurate Results—Easy
Very Best Sows.
The best time to pick out the pigs
that are to be used for future breed-
ing Is when they are still running with
the sow. To improve your herd choose
stock from tlie offspring of your best
sows. If you wait until the pigs are
grown and running In one herd you
will have lost track of the different
litters, unless you mark all of the pigs.
When you make the selection while
the litters are still separate you need
to mark only the future breeders.
It is best to select from the largest
litters, other things being equal. The
pigs from such litters are likely to in-
herit their mother’s prolificacy. Pick
the strongest aud liveliest members of
each litter. The ones that shoulder
their way to the front t(jilts where the
richest milk is are likely to he the
It is well to select and mark more
pigs than you are going to need for
breeding. Some are fairly certain to
Matter to Weigh.
The old saying has it "there is no
time like the present." That this ap-
plies with telling force to the selec-
tion of good dairy cows will be ad-
mitted by every thoughtful dairyman.
Selection may be made oil the evi-
dence of certain well-known external
indications of good milking qualities,
with special attention paid to tlie ud-
der, loin, skin, barrel, etc.
But no matter how skilled the ex-
pert judge of dairy "quality" in a cow
may be, he is not Infallible as to the
amount of hard cash tnat anyone cow
in the herd will earn in a year. He
may tie, as well as the ordinary dairy
farmer, considerably mistaken in his
judgment. One system will givp ac-
curate results, that of selection on
dairy records. It is easy to weigh
and sample; it is easy to udd up a few
figures for each cow; It is easy to
compare such totals, and it is eminent-
ly satisfactory to know for certain
die, or be Injured or fail to make good | which cows are best to keep and breed
the promise of infancy. Make sure i from.
that the sows selected have the full Now is the time to net, prepare to
number of sound teats—at least ten— 1 keep records all season.—From bulle-
for this not only indicates good moth- tin „f (he Canadian Department of
ering ability, but is considered a sign Agriculture,
that a sow will have large litters. _
FOLLOWS NEW CORN
Disease May Gain Foothold If
Hog’s Resistance Is Reduced
by Unwise Feeding.
| IBv E. R SPENCE, Missouri Cohere of
Hog cholera is not a direct result of
: feeding new corn. It may gain a foot-
hold more readily if the hog’s reslst-
i a nee is reduced by unwise feeding, but
the disease itself can result only from
Infection with a specific, Invisible
i germ, obtained directly or indirectly
from other hogs.
If the herd is thrown off feed by
; eating too much green corn, or by eat-
j ing corn that Is immature, the disease
will be more readily contracted, and it
is often noted that a new outbreak of
cholera follows tlie first use of new
corn for hogs.
Avoid danger by changing the kind
or amount of feed gradually. Feed the
hogs some new corn for a while be-
fore turning them into the field.
Young shouts may he turned into
corn that is not down too badly with
less preliminary feeding than the older
hogs that can break down corn more
Cow Must Be Contented.
That a'dairy cow must he contented
in order to do her best work at the pall
is generally understood amongst milk-
ers nnd dairy owners, and It is getting
to be understood also in other quar-
GIVE YOUNG HORSES
BEST OF ATTENTION
Furnish Ample Shelter and Dry
Bed—Clover and Alfalfa Make
i (By D. J. KAYS, Ohio Experiment Sta-
With the demand for good draft
horses advancing, the young colts
should receive the best of care to in-
sure rapid and complete development.
Many colts will be taken from pas-
tures with a goodly store of fat, only
to he turned to n strawplle for feed
and shelter. On the other hand, a few
I colts may be ruined by heavy feeding
in the stalls, where they cannot take
The ideal shelter for colts is a tight-
ly built shed open to tlie south, where
the animals may go in or out at their
own pleasure, and where they may
have tlie run of n lot for exercise. A
dry bed nnd a protection from cold
winds and rain Is nil that is needed.
Clover and alfalfa make good rough-
age for colts, with a grain ration of
' two parts outs and one bran added.
There Is little danger of overfeeding
a colt If room for proper exercise Is
! given. Growth cun be made more
cheaply during tlie first year than nt
any other time, and feed should not
Gees* for Business Breed.
Choosing a breed of geese for busi-
ness ought not to be such n difficult
matter as choosing a breed of fowls.
Fresh Water for Calves.
Pure, fresh water should be given to
rnlves as soon as they have learned
Spray for Bean Vines.
Saltpeter wuter—one ounce of salt-
peter to a gallon of water- is a good
spray for rust on bean vines and
Loss by Old Machines.
The worn-out separator or the ma-
chine of poor niuke often caused
enough loss In one season to more
than pay for a new machine of n rep-
Keep Litter Out of Orchard.
Do not allow pruning to litter ths
yard and orchard. Be sure to burn
and return the ashes to the soil.
Pail for Calf Feeding.
Each calf should be fed by Itself out
of a cleun tin pall, and the pall scoured
nnd scalded the same ns a ni.lk-pall,
enoh time It Is used.
Drainage for Potatoes.
Good drainage Is absolutely essei*
tlal to the successful growth of poti*
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The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 28, Ed. 1 Friday, August 4, 1916, newspaper, August 4, 1916; Copan, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc950657/m1/2/: accessed December 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.