The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 26, Ed. 1 Friday, July 6, 1917 Page: 2 of 4
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It is bestowed for extraordinary valor only, and the officer
must work harder for the bit of ribbon and bronze than
the enlisted man — similar foreign honors come easier
THE COPAN LEADER
honor }or Brave
1—Bishop Lnbbedey of Arras standing In the ruins nf his beautiful eatbedral, which the Germans utterly wrecked
before retreating from the town. 2—The hand of the famous British Foot Guards passing under the Arc de Trt- ;
omplie on its recent visit to raris. 3—Miss Grnce Parker, president of the National League for Woman’s Service,:
who is organizing the woman force of the country.
THprsrMt ornomu orm?
UN/ITD JTATZS •--a?
BRITISH HEAVY ARTILLERY IN ACTION
British official photograph taken on the western front showing
battery of guns just moved up to an ad-
MINE SWEEPERS FOR AMERICAN NAVY
The government has chartered the fishing trawlers Foam. Crest. Wave, ||
Billow and Spray and converted them into mine sweepers. The illustration
shows men of the Crest with one of the iron buoys used to support the nets.
At the left is Capt, P. C. Shea of Mattapan. Mass., in charge of the mine
BATTLESHIP NEW YORK AT FULL SPEED
E. L. Travis, now chairman of th<
HE Congressional Medal of Honor
1 recognizes no rank.
■ it Is awarded to ttie private or (lie
general, the second class seaman or
fireman or to the rear admiral for
Jtr I tTc extraordinary courage, valor surpnss-
Us ing even that which is expected from
$ *'u’ "ell-trained, seasoned soldier or
sailor. No matter how hazardous
< a duty well performed, that is not
enough. To win the medal something more than
is demanded, by duty must he achieved.
Unlike some of the European decorations fill'
bravery, the American Medal of Honor is more
difficult for an officer to win than for an enlisted
man. because more is expected of an officer.
The medal is a hit of bronze suspended from a
ribbon. Its intrinsic value, he it what it may, is
of no importance. Into the metal disk are welded
all the qualities of man which men admire, even
worship. In the archives of the war department
are succinct, unimaginative records of the acts
which caused the medal 'to be pinned to the
breasts of the men who have won it. The papers
will yellow and crumble, the ribbons will rot to
dust, the bronze itself will corrode and vanish,
buf the things the medal stands for will go on and
the epic of the Medal of Honor will continue to be
inscribed In the hearts of men.
There Is no doubt the Medal of Honor will be
won in this war, but it will not be won easily,
and though millions may be fighting under the
American ting it will come to but few to wear this
distinguishing mark. In the Spanish war less
than 20 medals were awarded. In the Philippines
a few were given.
The last two medals to be awarded were pre-
sented to Sergt. Maj. Iloswell Winans nnd Cor-
poral Joseph A. Glowln of the marine corps, for
their work at the bnttle of Guayacanes, in Santo
Domingo. It is the act Itself which wins the
medal for a man. and not only does his rank
matter not at all, hut he may win it In a skir-
mish or in a battle like that of Gettysburg or of
The report of the board of Investigation for the
navy department in their case follows: “On July
8. 1016. the Twenty-eighth company of marines
was engaged with the Dominican armed forces at
the battle of Guayacanes. During a running tight
of 1,200 yards our forces reached the enemy ln-
trenchraent and Corporal Joseph Glowin placed
the machine gun of which he had charge behind
a large log across the road and Immediately
opened fire on the trenches. He was struck once
but continued firing his gun. but a moment later
he was again struck and had to be dragged out
of the position Into cover. Sergt. Boswell Winans,
U. S. M. C„ then arrived with a Colt’s gun, which
he placed in a most exposed position and coolly
opened fire on the trenches, nnd who* 'he gun
jammed he stood up and repaired It under fire.
All the time Glowin and Winans were handling
their guns they were exposed to a very heavy
fire which was striking into thp logs and around
the men. seven men being wounded and one killed
within 20 feet. Sergeant Winans continued fir-
ing his gun until the enemy had abandoned the
Sergeant Winan’s story In his own words is
even more modest than the official report, al-
though it is more vivid and picturesque.
“On the morning of July 3,” he said, “we got
under way .with every one feeling like a new
man. Firing on the advance guard began early
In the day. Our captain obtained permission to
take our platoon forward. We kept the guns on
the carriages until within a few yards of the fir-
ing line, then transferred them to the tripods nnd
immediately opened fire. The enemy was using
corporation commission of North Carol mostly old-fashioned breechloaders with big lead
lina, has been selected by President
1 Wilson as a member of the interstatt
| commission, to he named as soon at
I congress passes the bill enlarging tha)
; body from nine to eleven.
Women and War.
Woman, according to legend and ro-
mance, becomes during the war th«
saintly sarnaritan who ministers ta
heroes' wounds, hut. according to a
report made to the London city mis-
sion, woman is really demoralized bj
the loss of her protector and compan-
ion. Women carousing in public
houses, drunk and vile of speech, have
now become a common sight in the
poorer quarters of London. The ad'
rninistrators of the patriotic fund in
Canada have also found that great so
cial disorganization follows the leav-
ing of women alone at the mercy oi
landlords nnd others upon whom they
are dependent in financial straits.
Bemurkahle marine photograph showing the American battleship New
York coming head ou at full speed, leading the division of which she is the
A Substitute for Cotton.
The English have found that bo|
moss, known technically as spagnun
eymbiiifolium, when sterilized, innkei
an antiseptic, light, soft and cool dress
ing for wounds. It is packed in flan
nel bags after sterilization.
“The brush was very fhb’k on both Rides of
the road. Jams were frequent with us and each
gun wore out a couple of shell extractors. Diffi-
culty had been experienced all along with our
ammunition. Some of it dated hack as far ns
1907. It had evidently been reloaded many times.
“We found It good policy to change barrels In
ase of a Jam lo the chambers. In that way we
would be only a minute out of action. A party
of the enemy were seen up the road and Corporal
Johnson started to put Ills gun in action. A big
lead slug (tin cans, we called them) came
ricocheting down the road directly for us. John-
son saw it while kneeling behind his gun. He
ducked almost prone, but the thing took a long
skip and hit him in the Jaw, passed down and
lodged back of the shoulder.
“The gun crews promptly gave the place where
the shot was fired a good combing. We con'' 'ted
to advance under cover of the bushes and trees.
A battalion of Infantry was deployed as skir-
mishers on each side of the road and we were
concealed by a turn In the road and high trees
"Directly across the road was n huge log. At
our end of the log a Benet-Merder had Just com-
menced roaring, with Corporal Glowins In com-
mand of it.
“The captain ordered a gun In action at the
butt of the tree. It had no sooner opened up
than all the bullets in the world seemed coming
our way. The enemy was shooting mighty close
too. The trenches were awfully hard to pick up,
although we were only jibout 150 yards away.
They were on a hill and had carried their dirt
“The battalions made slow progress on the
flanks on account of the thick underbrush. The
enemy had an immensely strong natural position
and had they had a few machine guns nnd some
barbed wire they could not have been rooted out
without great loss of life.
“A call went tip for a hospital apprentice, as
Corporal Frnzee had been shot in the head. lie
had been working hard getting his gun pointed on
the enemy and bad just succeeded.
“‘You are right on them now; give them fits!’
were the last words he said.
“His pointer was also shot in the head and two
others were wounded in the arm. A corporal in
the Thirteenth company was shot twice while
operating a Benet-Merder. He refused to leave
bis gun and had to bo carried away, struggling to
get back into the fight.
■'While this was going on our other guns be-
gan to come up one at a time and we obtained
fire superiority over the* enemy, who shot very
wildly from now on. This last Is an after judg-
ment. At the time they seemed to be just miss-
ing me. I don’t know how the other men felt,
but I expected to be shot any minute and just
wanted to do as much damage ns possible to the
enemy before cashing In. Several numbers of
our platoon did cool nnd creditable work In chang-
ing cartridge extractors and repairing Jams un-
“We faced the enemy as much as possible while
repairing the guns, as we had a horror of being
shot In the bac!?.
“One of the sweetest sounds I ever heard was
the cheering of the Infantry battalion as It charged
the right flank trenches of the enemy. Gunnery
Sergennt Balph was among the first of these. He
hail n pistol fight with the rebel general In com-
mand. Balph and some other man rifle
lilt him ut about the same time. Result—exit
“We moved up te the trenches after the battle
and reformed, getting *>nr equipment together.
“Corporal Frnzee died soon after being hit and
was buried within a few feet of the place where
he lind fought so well. The enemy lost very
henvil^l nnd if Santo Domingo was not an Island
some of those birds would lie running yet.”
Maj. Gen. .T. Franklin Bell, now In command
of the eastern department, with headquarters on
Governor’s island, won the medal in the Philip,
pines. As colonel of the Thirty-sixth Infantry he
was proceeding along the San Antonio Porac road
to head off a hand of Insurgents who had attacked
the Ninth infantry at Guagun nnd Santa Rita.
Colonel Bell, mounted, was riding nenr the head
of the advance party nnd had with him Lieut.
Col. William R. Grove. Major Straub, two mount-
ed orderlies and about twelve scouts on foot.
Just at dawn the party was fired upon from
what seemed n fairly large body of insurgents
hidden In the brush. The American fire dislodged
the enemy, about seven of them running down the
road around a bend. The scouts pursued them,
but Colonel Bell saw at once that the men, with
their heavy equipment, were being ensily outdis-
tanced hy the lightly clad Filipinos, nnd he dashed ,
after them on his horse.
Before Mnjor Straub or the two mounted order-
lies knew what he was doing. Colonel Bell was
far down the road In the midst of seven strug-
gling insurgents, firing with Ids revolver and
slashing about with his saber.
The mounted men galloped to his assistance
nnd the infantry supported him ns best they could
with rifle fire, although It was almost Impossible
to shoot, so tangled up were the insurgents and
The officer would have been perfectly Justified
In remaining with his troops, even behind them
and merely directing the dislodging nssaulf, and
for charging alone nnd driving Into the Jungle at
least seven Filipinos, with two officers among
them, the Medal of Honor was awarded to him.
Two of the few medals awarded In the war
against Spain went to a second class fireman nnd
a coppersmith on board the battleship Iowa.
While the vessel was cruising In Cuban waters,
July 20, 1808. nt about seven o’clock in the morn-
ing. a manhole gasket blew out in one of the
hollers In fire room No. 2.
Under 120-pounds pressnre, live steam roared
out into the room nnd boiling water swashed
around the floor.
In the adjoining compartment were Robert
Penn, second-class fireman, nnd P. R. Keefer, a
coppersmith. Hearing the wild roar of the es-
caping steam they dnshed to the door of fire
room No. 2.
The men who had been working there, blinded
hy the escaping steam, floundering In the scald-
ing water, had been so overcome that they could
not get out. One of the coal passers had already
sunk to his knees and was dropping forward.
In a matter of seconds he would have toppled
into the water and been boiled to death.
Undaunted hy the terrifying roar of the steam
and tlie killing heat, Penn dashed into the room
and. lifting the coal passer, staggered to safety
with him, the scalding water above his ankles.
Ignoring the frightful pain of his scalded, swol-
len feet, this second-class fireman dashed hack
into tlie hell from which he had just dragged one
victim and saved another life.
Keefer meanwhile was busy saving the ship
from destruction, or nt least from tlie effects of
a terrific explosion, for the water escaping from
the boiler would soon leave so little there that it
would he entirely converted into steam and the
pressure would wreck It.
Dashing through the blinding, torturing steam,
Keefer, tlie coppersmith, hauled the fires from
under the two inboard furnaces. Meanwhile,
Penn, having gotten every one out of the fire
room, had turned on the extra feed pump in the
after fire hold to keep water in the Hollers and
built a bridge to the furnaces out of planks laid
on top of nsli buckets. While Passed Assistant
Engineer Stockney held the plank in place Penn
hauled the two remaining fires before he was car-
ried to tlie sick hay where his terribly scalded
feet were treated.
Both Penn nnd Keefer received the Medal of
Honor for their acts. That it is only extraor-
dinary bravery which merits the medal accounts
for tlie fact that Fireman Smith did not win the
bronze for the same day’s work. In helping
Keefer he had both legs badly burned, but the
opportunity did not offer itself to display the
same supercouroge which Keefer and Penn ex-
Some of the most stirring medal stories are
those of the Indian campaigns. For Instance,
there was Corporal Patti H. IVelnert, who expect-
ed to be court-martialed for what he did nt the
battle of Wounded Knee, hut instead had the
Medal of Honor pinned to his breast.
Another Indian fighter to win the coveted
bronze was Sergt. Bernard Taylor of the Fifth
cavalry, engaged In fighting the Apaches in Ari-
zona in IS.4.
Some of the most distinguished men in the
army have worn the medal. Lieut. Gen. Nelson
A. Miles won It for continually exposing himself
to the fire of the enemy ns colonel of the Sixty-
first New York volunteers in the Civil war. for
no other purpose than to encourage ids men hy
At Fair Oaks Gen. William R. Shatter was
wounded, but when a surgeon was seen approach-
ing he climbed a tree in order not to bo sent to
tin1 rear. After the surgeon passed Shatter came
down nnd continued to fight until he fell uncon-
scious from loss of blood.
Those who remember General Shatter only as
he was in the Cuban campaign will wonder how
lie got into the tree, hut n man can put on a lot
of weight in thirty-odd years.
Gen. Francis D. Baldwin won the medal while
a first lieutenant In the Fifth Infantry. With two
companies under him he rescued two white girls
from Indians at McClennan’s Creek, Tex., in No-
Although not so well-known ns the Victoria
Cross, the Iron Cross or the Medaille Militnlre,
tlie Congressional Medal of Honor is much more
difficult to attain. It Is distributed to very few
persons nnd then only after a sweeping investiga-
tion of the rlrcumstnnces surrounding the act for
which it Is recommended.
The Medal of Honor was authorized hy con-
gress hy an net of July 12. 1802. The striking of
2.000 medals was ordered, to be conferred upon
privates nnd non-commlssloned officers for nets of
bravery surpassing those usually demanded of
soldiers. One thousand of these medals were
voted to a single organization, the survivors of a
Maine regiment which volunteered to remain Id
service on the eve of the Bnttle of Gettysburg
although their terms had expired. This Is the
only case of a wholesale distribution of the
medal nnd has been severely criticized.
There are slight variations In the medals as
designed for the army, the navy and the marines.
The army’s mednl, ns modified In 1905, Is a five-
pointed star with the trefoils on the tips. The
star Is superimposed on a wreath. In the center
of the star l« the head of Minerva, surrounded hy
the words “United States of America.” The
medal Is suspended from a trophy representing
nn engle on a bar with the word “Valor.’’ The
whole Is suspended from a ribbon.
The original mednl bore In the renter of the
star a figure of America clad ns Minerva. Her
left hand rested upon the fasces and with a shield
in her right she repelled Discord. A hand of star*
circled the figures. Tlie trophy was nn engle
perched on two crossed cannons nnd a number of
cannon halls suspended from n red, white and
The medal ns presented to the marines today Is
practically like the original mesial, except that it
Is Joined to the ribbon hy an anchor nnd the rib-
bon Is worn around the neck.
The navy receives n modal similar to that
awarded to marines but worn pinned to the breast
suspended from a metal bnr hy a short ribbon.
Tim mesial is worn only on special pagadc or
at cerenieinles with the dress uniform. New York
The oat e-akes of Scotland are said
tei approach nearer the primitive type 1
of bread than anything else known to- j
A Hackensack girl of fifteen decided
she was too young to be a bride, had ;
her marriage annulled anel went hack
to S' hool,
(*unressus luae-reicarpa, the Monterey 1
cypress, lias tlie most restricted range 1
of nil California trees, being found only j
«ii the mouth of tlie Carmel river.
Stronger Than Fiction.
The fruit cultivation of this country : Some thrilling Incidents are happen
Is largely engaged in by women. Cali-1 lng these days. A captain of a Britlsl
freighter tells of fighting fire in tin
NO SUBSTITUTE FOR BREAD. Qet BeSt War NeWS
fornia lias a number of successful
Au offer of $30 a pound for 37 live
chickens was refused by the Humane
hold of the ship for eight days, am
then Just after it was extinguished thi
vpssel was attacked by a submarine
society of Pittsburgh the other day. j The crew took to the boats, and Jus
J lie birds had been tuken in a raid on : jn the nick of time nn airplane fron
The British government has requi-
sitioned ail of the 'exportable New
Zealand hides and sheepskins, and
pelts can only be shipped on securing
u permit from the minister of customs.
the French coast appeared and begni
dropping bombs on the U-boat. Th.
latter was sunk and the crew returnei
to the freighter and took her to port
There is enough adventure in that voj
age to make a fair-sized novel.
When bread ran short in 1812 Napo-
leon's generals tried to make up for it
by Issuing double, and even triple, ra-
tions of meat, but this, with other
causes, contributed to the diseases
which ravaged the forces. As far
hack as Caesar’s campaigns there are
records of similar troubles, und Lord
Wolscley in The Soldiers’ Rocket
Book” refers to the desirability of
making tlie soldier’s rations pulatuble
us well as abundant.
“From the very first, the American
| newspaper correspondents have had
the Inside track In Europe,” writes
Wllllnm O. Shepherd, whose “Confes-
| slons of a War Correspondent" ap-
j pears in Everybody's. “This Is so
! markedly true,” he continues, “that
during the first year of the war the
British public received Its Important
I news from American newspaper corre-
spondents. For some reason or other,
known to British Journalists alone,
American correspondents were given
the best ehnnees at the war news, and
the great newspapers of London print-
ed stories hy American correspondents
until some of these correspondents be-
came better known to the British pub-
lic than they were to their own coun-
trymen back in the United States. The
j British censors permitted American
correspondents to write of news events
; w,l,ch the British Journalists were not
■ allowed even to submit to the censor
Therefore, if a British newspape.
could secure from an American form
spondent a story which British Jour
nallsts did not even nttempt to delvt
into, It did so with avidity."
Spain hy royal order has made th«
annual celebration of arbor day obliga-
tory, a portldn of the expense of tree-
planting to be borne by munlcIpalUlea,
Here’s what’s next.
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The Copan Leader. (Copan, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 26, Ed. 1 Friday, July 6, 1917, newspaper, July 6, 1917; Copan, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc950631/m1/2/: accessed September 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.