The Harper County Democrat (Buffalo, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 34, Ed. 1 Friday, November 26, 1915 Page: 3 of 4
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(Conducted by the Nuliorml Woman's
Christian Temperance Union.)
A BIT Or HISTORY.
The revenue nyetenj by which (bo
United States became a partner In. th«
liquor business originated during the
Civil war. In order to prosecute the
war to free four million slavey the
congress of the United States passed
a bill putting a high tax on liquor.
When the bill had passed both
houses, Salmon P. Chase, secretary of
the treasury, Drought it to President
Lincoln for his signature. "Chase.”
said Mr. Lincoln, "I would rather have
my right arm taken off than to sign
that bill, but I reckon I'll have to do
It. You Bay it is necessary to carry
on this war to free those human
slaves. We have got to do it. But
tell me, Chase, will you promise, and
■will congress promise, to repeal this
bill as soon as the war is over?"
But. at the close of the war and
before the promise could bo redeemed,
President Lincoln was assassinated
and the promise forgotten. Doubtless
had Lincoln lived the country would
not today be under the domination of
the legalized liquor traffic.
TRAVELERS V/ANT PROHIBITION.
Years ago the traveling man got
many order^ by taking his customers
out and buying them drinks. In fact
the system was highly approved and
commonly employed. But now comes
the Iowa Union of Commercial Trav-
elers, in convention assembled, and
calls for national prohibition. The
very men who used to be regarded ns
the friends of liquor are now its ene-
mies. Why? Because they know the
saloon business cripples trade, and
when trmje is crippled traveling men
can’t sell goods. Any traveling man
will tell you now that business is bet-
ter in dry towns and collections come
easier-—Sioux City News.
BEER A POISON.
The man who uses a qua’rt of beer
daily expends enough for it to buy
three loaves of bread for his family,
says Dr. Winfield Scott Hall. He gets
for himself a trivial* amount of nour-
ishment worth half a cent and inci-
dentally takes into his system nearly
two ounces of a narcotic poison, the
Influence of which is to make him
less alert and therefore more amen-
able to accidents, to make him less
efficient and therefore more likely to
lose his Job, and to make him more
likely ~to suffer from toxins and In-
TREND OF THOUGHT.
At the convention in Chicago of the
Associated Advertising Clubs of the
World n* speaker evoked more enthu-
siastic applause than did Mr. Henry
D. EBtabrook, a New York attorney,
when he made a plea for temperance
and lauded the European rulers who
are curbing the drink evil. This ex-
pression of temperance sentiment
among the country's advertising men
is, said Mr. H. S. Houston, the new-
ly elected president of the associat-
ed clubs, “significant of the trend of
thought, These men are in closer
touch with the public feelfng and de-
sires than any other class except
newspaper men. Perhaps better than
politicians they reflect the general
state of mind on a grave problem, and
conclusions may be drawn from their
CANNOT AFFORD TO DRINK.
‘In and for the future it will be
known that no nation can afford to
drink," says Rector Saleeby, distin-
guished British Scientist, writing in
the London Chronicle. “Every mole-
cule of the poison alcohol means a
smashed and lost molecule of sugar,
the superlative food and fuel for en-
ergy, work and warmth. Nations that
choose this slow Bulcide will go down
like their predecessors, in the night Ji
WHY HE KEEPS SOBER.
“Why don’t you drink?” I asked my
friend, the honest saloonkeeper.
"Well, you see,” he replied, “I’m a
business man. I don’t Indulge, be-
cause I want to make money, not to
drink it up. I insist on absolute so-
briety among my bartenders and por-
ters. It’s bad enough for the boys to
have to look at my patrons. Besides,
a drunken employee is only 15 per
cent efficient."—Cincinnati Republican
Poland China Hogs
Any Terms—Any Size. Let
me know your wants......
G I V RbBSTON. - OKA
A. M. ZIMMERMAN.
Grad e ate "Mechanic and Tuner ’
Piano and Reed Organ
Tuning and Repairing
Action Regulating Cleaning, Tuning
Charges Reasonable References Furnished
“No Satisfaction, No Pay.
Sylvester E. Fowler
Physician and surgeon
Office phono U4 lies, phone 88
W H. Temple
WM. B. V. KANADA
Licensed Embalmer and Funeral
Direotor. Calls answered
promptly at all hours.
BUFFALO, - OKLAHOMA
Diseases of Women and
Chronic Diseases a
W ill do day and night praotice
Office RtD CROSS DRUG STORE
W. W. Gillen waters
General Auctioneer and Stock Salesr
man. For other particulars w rite o
’phone me at
K1HBT", - OKLAHOMA
DU. R. R. ANDERSON.
All Chronic Diseases
Piles, Fistula and all Diseases of the
Rectum, a Specialty.
No Knife or Chloroform Used.
No Money to be Paid till Cured.
First National Bank Bldg.
DR. H. H. WYNNE, SPECIALIST.
Eye Ear, Nose and Throat
Catarrhal Diseases of Nose and Throat
-G LASSES FITTED —
Consultation in German. Regular
visit each *5 weeks.
Monday, December 6th one
INQUIRE HARPEIt HOTEL.
!^ee Sitka Lumber Co. for Sharpies
Sooner or Later
You Will Buy a FORD
TOURING CAR $474.45
We expect three car loads by
the middle of August.
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
IV.—F. A. Vanderlip
On The Business of Banking
The farmers of this nation to come into their own
must study business. We must, ns a clnss, understand
the fundamental principles that underlie every Industry,
its functions to society and its relation to agriculture, for
there can he no Intelligent cooperation without under-
standing. Mr. F, A Vnnderlip, president of the National
City Bank of New York, when asked, "What is a bank?"
said In part:
A ' The flrBt and most famlIiar function of a bank is
1Be\ that Sphering up the idle money of a community,
small sums and large, and thus forming a pool or reser-
- voir upon which responsible persons may draw as they
have temporary use for money. It la evident that this makes large sums in the
aggregate available for the employment of labor and the development of the
community. But much more is accomplished than the use of the money
actually deposited in the banks, for by the tise of drafts, checks and bank
notes the efficiency of money is multiplied several times over. A very large
business, for example one of the great beef packers, may use very little
actual money; on one side of lta bank account will be entered the checks
and drafts it is daily receiving frojn everywhere In payment for meats,
while on the other side will be entered the checks it draws in payment for
cattle, etc., its only use of money being for small payments, to labor and
If there were but one bank In ^ community and everybody paid all
bills by drawing checks on that bank, and everyone seceiving a check imme-
diately deposited it in the bank, the amount of money in the bank evidently
would not change at all and the entire business of the community would be
settled on the books of the hank. And the situation is but slightly changed
when there are several banks, for they daily exchange among themselves all
the checks they receive on each other, which practically offset themselves,
although the small balances are paid in cash. This is called ’clearing’ and
in every large city there is a ‘Clearing House’ where representatives of the
banks meet daily to settle their accounts with each other.
A bank is constantly receiving from its customers, particularly those that
are shipping products to other localities, drafts and checks drawn on banks
in other cities, which it usually sends for deposit to a few correspondent
banks in the central cities with which it maintains permanent accounts. • In
this way these scattered credits are consolidated and the bank draws upon
these accounts-in supplying eustodftrs with the means of making payments
away from home. As each local community sells and buys about the same
amount abroad in the course of a year, these payments largely offset each
other. It is evident that the banks are very intimately related to the trade
and industry of a country. The banker is a dealer in credit much more than
a dealer in money, and of course his own credit must be above question. He
exchanges his credit for the credits acquired by the customers, and lends
credit for their accommodation, but he must conduct the business with such
judgment that he can always meet his own obligations with cash on demand.
This is the essential thing about bank credit, that it shall always be the
“Rme as cash."
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
V.—E. P. Ripley
On Relations of Railroads and People
The industrial leaders of this nation are talking to
the public face to face throughdhe columns of this paper.
The time was when if a corporation had anything to say
to the people (hey sent a hired hand, whispered It through
a lawyer or employed a lobbyist to explain it to the legis-
lature. but'the men w ho know and the men who do are
now talking over the fence to the man who plows.
When the leading business men of this nation get
“back to the soil” with their problems, strife and dissen-
sion will disappear, for when men look into each other’s
faces and smile there is a better day coming.
Mr. E. P. Ripley, president of the Santa Fe Railroad,
when asked to give his views In reference to relations existing between the
railroad and the public said in part:
“Frequently we hear statements to the effect that these relations are
Improving, that the era of railroad baiting lias passed and that public senti-
ment now favors treating the railroads fairly. As yet this change in public
sentiment, if any such there lie. is not effective in results.
It is true that in the legislatures of the southwestern states during the
past winter there were fewer unreasonable and unreasoning laws passed
than usual, but a consideration of the hostile bills introduced shows that
there Is still reason for much disquiet even though they were defeated by
more or less of a majority.
Moreover, the idea that the railroads have hpeo harshly treated does
not seem to prevail in the offices of the State Railroad fommisslons which
seem to cherish a notion that their business is not to act as an arbitrator
between the railroads and the people, but which proceed on the theory that
the railroads are able to take care of themselves and that their duty is to
act as attorney for the people even though in so doing they deny justice
to the railroads. It requires no argument to demonstrate that the railroads
are entitled to justice equally with other citizens and taxpayers. That they
have not received it and are not receiving it is perfectly susceptible of
proof. That,they have practically no recourse In the courts has also been
The situation therefore is that the people, through their representatives,
must elect whether the services of the railroads shall be adequately compen-
sated or not: and it requires no fortune teller or soothsayer to predict that
in the long run the service will take the class that is paid for and no better.
The natural competition between the railroads and the natural desire
to perform first-class service has heretofore resulted in giving the public
much more than it was willing to pay for. Continuation of this will be
Impossible and no law s, however drastic, can long accomplish the impossible.”
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
Grain and Feed
Buffalo Grain & Coal Co
I A. E. GRAHAM,
U ni/\wacse:f=?. f|
Buy Your Dry (loud-, Druss (roods,
Furnishing Goods, Groceries. Etc., at
13 F? CD IB, E: F? <3 'S
and note tin big saving you can make
by Viw big your suopli'-'.s In re.
HIGHEST MARKET PRICES PAID FOR PRODUCE.
It Wi‘l Pay You!
l rv It and See'
Malo Drug to
Carry in stock a t. „ up t<> date stock of
Drugs and Drug Sundries
Oils, Paints, Glass, Toilet Articles
Soda Fountain in Connection
BUFFALO’C LEADING DRUG SI ORE
Gitv Meat Market
V. J. FOSSEY, Prop.
VI.—F. C. Howe
On The Advantages of Free Porta
Mr. F C- Howe, Federal Commissioner of Tmmigra
m tion, who is one of the b**st American authorities no
I marine commerce, in discussing the relation of free
'iafliports to the development of sea trade said in part:
“SWps will go hundreds of miles out of their wav
to avom ports surrounded by a tariff wall. The only
way, therefore, for a country with a tariff to compete
tn the shipping world with a free trade country ia to
establish free ports at strategical points along its coast
line. Germany has done so, and in a comparatively
short period has built up a carrying trade which before
the war was scrknisly threatening England's supremacy
Hamburg, one of the three German free ports, now ranks as the second
greatest seaport in the world, its total foreign commerce In 15*13 being only
$6,000,000 under that of New York.
The free port would offer great opportunity for financial operations, now
made possible by the recent currency act. It would stimulate international
hanking, and would tend to shift the financial center of the world to this
country. And America, by the logic of events, has become the natural center
for the world’s financing, just as London became that center several centuries
ago. when it shifted from the cities of the Netherlands. But the financial
center will only move to this country when it becomes a clearing house
of goods as w-eil as of money. For credit the world over is created by cur-
rently created w ealth in transit or change so that even our financial expansion
is dipendent upon the opening up of American ports to the clearance of the
w raith of the* w orld >A port should not operate to yield a return on the in-
vestment. but to develop the prosperity of the country." In recapitulating
the advantages. Mr Howe brings out the importance of the free port in de
veloplna our shipping, and linking us with South America, Asia and Africa,
and then concludes
“The most important gain ts the direct gain to America It will cheapen
commodities by bringing great quantities of goods to our door* for importation
or export, as trade needs demand. It will stimulate the growth of exporting,
houses, which can hold goods for an indefinite period without the payment of
tariff dues (often equal to the cost of the article itselft for disposal to meet
the trade demand* of the whole world. It will upbuild International credit,.
id ultimately a predominant share In
Salt Met s
Remember Us For Meats
Conditions, Mrs. Bollock Gave
Up in Despair. Husband
Came to Rescue.
and *hlf* to America an increasing
Finally America ia the natural
Its swacoast* face every other contli
of raw materials and foodstuffs. In
Mon it is in a position to compete t
mtry to be the counter of the world,
it: it ia the greatest of all reservoir*
m and ateel and standardised produc
h the world. Bat international trade
■and this is altars oxerlooked> must he reciprocal It cannot be one-sided
and credit balances cannot for any prolonged period be paid tn gold. They
can only be paid by exebauge of wealth."
After Four Years of Discoura~iag 1 -r!d gotten so weak I could not stand,
and I);? e up in despair.
At last, my husband got me a bottle of
Ordw, the woman’s tonic, and I com-
! r___D____ menced taking st. From the very first
[ could tell it was helping me. I
can i walk two miles without its
Catron, Ky.—In an interesting letter rr=< Aud am doing all my work."
from this place, Mrs. Bettie Bullock. Y00 are 1110 down from womanly
writes as follows: “I suffered for four troubles, don’t give up in despair. Try
years, with womanly troubles, and during Cardui. the woman’stonic. Ithashe’pcd
this time, I could only sit up for a little than a million women, in its 50
while, and could not walk anywhere at ?wr5 °( continuous success, and should
all. At times, 1 would have severe pins surely help yoti, too. Your druggist has
in my left side. sold Cardu* ior yean. He knows whal
The doctor was called in, and his test- '* »* do. Ask h,m- He win "com-
ment relieved me for a while, but I wss mend ■*- Begin tawng Cardin today,
soon confined to my bed again. After ^
(bat nothing seemed to do me any good. t **lis
(Ubscribe for the Democrat.
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Adams, E. Lee. The Harper County Democrat (Buffalo, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 34, Ed. 1 Friday, November 26, 1915, newspaper, November 26, 1915; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc941798/m1/3/: accessed April 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.