The Rocky News (Rocky, Okla.), Vol. 16, No. 29, Ed. 1 Friday, January 28, 1921 Page: 2 of 8
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1 Rudolph f/Ausii:ia Died
THE ROCKY NEWS
INEXPENSIVE SHELTER SUITABLE
FOR BACK YARD POULTRY FLOCK
Plan of a Simple Backyard Poultry House.
ROWN PRINCE RUDOLITI of Aus-
tria-Hungary came to his death Jan-
uary 30, 1880, In his hunting lodge
at Meyerllng, near Vienna. With
him died the young and beautiful
Harmless Marie Yetseru. I- rom that
day to this the manner of their tak-
ing off has been a mystery, ns well
us one of the grimmest ot the many
grim tragedies that have befallen
the House of Hnpsburg In the last
i70 years. As a mystery these deaths of the heir
to a great empire and his lovely Inamorata have
Ranked high among the great mysteries of history.
Hut "murder will out/* as the old saying hath
(it—and the truth of the killing of Rudolph Is tol.l
lat last. Who tells it? None other thnh a Mack
sheep of the Hapsburgs—the Archduke Leopold
Ferdinand, son of the last reigning Grand Duke of
Tuscany, uepliew of Emperor Fruncls Joseph and
a cousin of the murdered crown prince. To he
sure this black sheep now bears the name of
Ijeopold Woltllng. He ended his archducal ca-
reer long before the Grout War stripped the
Hapslmrgs of pluce and power by denouncing his
great rank to wed a commoner’s daughter,
whom he later divorced. And, strangest of ull,
this civilian Hnpsburg tells the story of the kill-
ing of Rudolph In a newspaper, the Berlin Morgen-
At the time of the tragedy all the power of the
(emperor wus used to suppress the facts. 1 he
newspapers were allowed to state only that
(Rudolph had died of natural causes. No refer-
ence to the death of the baroness was permitted.
(Nobody was prosecuted, but several men high In
(court circles disappeared from public life. Kvery-
jbody of Inferior rank who could possibly have had
(knowledge of the facts vanished from the face
of the earth.
Of course the world talked. Half a dozen ver-
sions of the tragedy became current. One was
that the fiance of the baroness broke In and killed
limth the prince and the young woman. Another
(was that the prince, forced by Ills father to give
(up the baroness, killed her and himself. A third
•was Unit the prince and the baroness were killed
(because they would not give up each other. Out
*»f the mass of conjecture a legend was finally
evolved to the effect that Rudolph, preferring
denth to separation, killed his companion with
her consent, and then followed her Into the un-
known. Romance and pathos, you see. as well
First a word as to Rudolph, whom legend now
presents ns a liberal, likable, democratic sort of
young fellow. Probably the correct picture is
that of the most dissipated of the Hapsburgs.
AH the hereditary evils had set their mark on him.
Of frail physique, a neurotic, his eyes blinked and
jhls hands trembled constantly. Drinking nnd
wttier excesses had Increased his natural defects.
Rudolph was married to Stephauie. daughter
of Leopold, king of the Belgians. Apparently
they never knew a moment’s happine- s. He de-
ceived her shamefully and she did all In her
power to infuriate him. Rudolph made no secret
of his dislike and her fnilure to produce a male
liotr to the throne intensified the situation. From
his youth Rudolph had been noted in Vienna for
his shameless pursuit of virtue. He employed
many creatures of all ranks to mini:
desires—from a go-he tween countess t<
cab driver, whose duty It was to con
to the secret entrance In the lane h
llofburg. which led to the prince’s i
Rudolph met Marie Just h!m»uI
the date of the tragedy. It was
at first sight with both; at any rs
young girt was completely
princely admirer. And the hamne:
beautiful and go-ni. The vetsern*
hloo<1: the father of the baron*-*.*
off :d. Ti c fandty * s *„.t rl< h ^
standing w-aa go»*l Rudolph and !
quently and scandal sooo got bt
The affair became known at court and there
was much ado. Prlnoesa Stephanie raged. The
Vet sens demanded that the etniert-r should call
his eon to a count, lick tor too Baltaxxi, Marie *
fiance, was furious. He was a Vienna clubman
„nd horseman of Maccdo-Greek origin, very rich,
and although no member of the nobility proper,
a favorite In the highest society, as was his
(brother Aristide. The Baltsxals were distantly
er to hi
ck of the
e of love
related to Baroness
Vetsern; they were
friends of the crown
prince himself. It Is
easy enough to Imag-
ine llektor’s frame of
mind ns evidence of
the relations between
his betrothed and the
crown prince reached
him; but he realized
he could not openly
attack the heir to the
Not the least exer-
cised over the awk-
ward situation wus
the emperor himself, who had set his mind ou
healing the breach between Rudolph and his. wife.
When Rudolph announced his Intention of di-
vorcing his wife nnd marrying the baroness, even
though that Involved renunciation of his rights to
succession and even his archducal rank, the em-
peror saw red.
Two days before the tragedy at Meyerllng the
emperor and the crown prince hud n long Inter-
view. What was said Is not known, hut It Is
believed that the old emperor commanded the
crown prince to drop the affulr with the hnroness.
Anyway, Rudolph planned another meeting with
Marie, What he Intended to do at that meeting
nobody will ever know; the secret Is buried with
Rudolph, using a go-between countess, got
Marie away from the Vetsern palace that fatal
January 30, and, the same afternoon the young
couple left for Meyerllng. Rudolph had Invited
a party of gay friends to Join him nt the hunting
lodge. Among others were the Haltazzi brothers.
Here, in brief, Is Leopold Wolfiing’s story of the
The baroness, though in the lodge, was not
present at the dinner. After dinner the men
drank deeply. Rudolph could never carry his
liquor and early lost self-control. A discussion
between him and the two Baltazzls degenerated
Into a violent quarrel. A champagne bottle was
flung across the table and the prince dropped
dead. Ills head terribly crushed. A moment later
the alarmed baroness entered the room. One of
the brothers shot her nnd she fell dead beside her
lover, amid a some of blood, broken glass and
smoke. The ex-archduke’s story states that when
the prince’s body was taken to Vienna fragments
of the broken bottle still were sticking in his skull.
As to the effect of the affair on the Emperor
Francis Joseph nnd the Empress Elizabeth, the
author tells of the first family dinner after the
* At the table sat the etnperor and the empress,
a brother of the emperor's, the old Archduke
Albrecht, the ‘Hungarian’ Archduke Joseph nnd
the author himself. Neither the emperor nor the
empress spoke a word. They did not touch a
single dish. The empress was dressed in the
deepest mourning nnd wept softly. We waited
breathlessly while this depressing ceremony should
b« over and the emperor dismiss us."
The ex-archduke says that he learned the true
story of the Meyerllng affair from his father, the
Grand Duke of Tuscany, who had It from the ern-
None of the persons connected with the tragedy
was ever punished. The two Haltazzi brothers
disappeared for several years from society, but
later re-emerged. A similar exile was Inflicted
upon Count Hoy os. adjutant to the crown prince,
and today probably nol«*dy with n first-hand
knowledge of what happened at the Meyerllng
bunting lodge Is among the living.
The story of the burial of Baroness Marie Is
It* gruesome details; It la properly
» tragedy. Fount Sfoehau and Alex-
zi. uncles of Marie, were taken to
the evening In a large closed
rhlef of the secret police sat h
n. The uncles were taken int«
linen room, where Marie's holy had been hidden
,n t > asket They were Informed that the corpse
was to be fully dressed and then her body was to
be taken to the carriage. “You are to support
the body.” they mere told. “In such a way as to
make It appear that the baroness Mill Uvea"
The uncles were forced to take part In dressing
the dead. Her hat and veil were placed on her
bead and then the body waa art In a chair whtla
known In nl
a part of th
the uncles wrapped her up In her sealskin cout.
The chief of the secret police thrust a walking
stick down the dead girl’s hack and hound her
neck to the stick with a handkerchief.
The two uncles carried the body to the car-
riage. It was placed on the back seat and the
uncles sat opposite. At lust the carriage stopped
before the gateway of an ancient monastery In
an Isolated part of the country. This place was
the Cistercian Ahbey of Hetllgenkreuz. Guards
closed the gates of the monastery and surrounded
the group of buildings. The uncles were led into
a little graveyard. The monks curried the body
Into an outbuilding, where an open coffin of com-
mon white wood stood ready.
There was no shroud In which to wrap the
dead, nnd the beaullful young body was placed
In the unllned burial chest. The monks nailed
the lid ui>on the coffin and carried It out. After
the briefest possible ceremonial the body was
dropped Into the grave and the earth shovelled
Everyone has heard of the curse invoked upon
the House of liupshurg by Countess Illona Ilat-
thyany. October 6, 1849, Count Louis Batthyany,
premier of the first Magyar parliamentary minis-
try, was executed by an Austrian firing squad. The
widow said to the young emperor, Francis Joseph:
“You shall five to see everybody you love die.
Your only son shall be slain. Your wife shall In*
murdered. Your throne and your country shall
be drowned in blood ami then you, too, will die!"
The record of the House of llapshurg since 1849
includes these Items:
The Archduchess Sophie. first-!»orn daughter of
the Emperor Francis Joseph, died at the age of
The Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, Francis
Joseph's brother, was executed by rebel soldiers at
(Jm-retaro in ISO!.
The Empress Charlotte. Maximilian’s wife, lost
her mind upon hearing of his execution.
The Duchess of Alencon. beloved sister of the j
Empress Elizabeth, lost her life in the great fire j
at the Charity Bazaar at I’aris.
The Archduke Wilhelm was thrown by his I
horse and killed at Baden near Vienna.
The Archduchess lledvlg. daughter of the Arch- '
duke Albrecht, was burned to death at Schmihrunn ,
palace while dressing for a dance. Her gown j
caught fire from a curling iron.
The Archduke Johann Salvator, better known
as Johannes Orth—lie hnd resigned his position |
to marry a commoner's daughter—<llsap|*eared j
with his ship in the Southern Atlantic. It Is as- !
sumed that he went down In a storm off I.a Plata j
The Archduke I-adlslas. son of the elder Arch- j
duke J«»seph, and brother of the present Arch- ,
duke Joseph, pretender to the Hungarian throne, !
lost his life while buttles when his gun weut off
The Empress Elizabeth was stabbed to death
at Geneva by the Italian anarchist Ltirchenl. •
The Crown Prince Rudolph lost his life la the !
mysterious affair at Meyerling.
The Archduke Frans Ferdinand, after the death I
of Crown ITtnce Rudolph, heir-apparent to the J
thrones of Austria and Hungary, was assassinated
at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28. 1914. the ra^r Hr
precipitating the greatest war In history.
November 21. 101ft Francis Joseph died.
In 191S the Hnpsburg empire ceased to exist
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Piano and packing boxes con be
successfully converted Into adequate
backyard poultry houses, but many
owners of small flocks prefer a build-
ing erected especially for the purpose,
because it usually presents a better
appearance In the back yard. For
such, poultry specialists of the United
States Department of Agriculture
suggest plans for a poultry house of
the shed or slope-roof type that will
make a small flock comfortable and
be neat In appearance.
This building Is 8 by 8 feet square,
and Is 6 feet high in front nnd 4 feet
high in the rear. The house may be
made higher with little extra cost and
would be more convenient to work in.
The ventilator In the rear is not need-
ed in the northern part of the country.
The roof is covered with roofing pa-
per. The same material may he used
on the sides or If desired the cracks
may be covered with wooden strips
three inches wide. Such a house is
large enough for a flock of 20 hens.
Dry Floor a Necessity.
If the soil Is well drained and re-
mains dry no floor need be used in
the house. Often a slight dampness
can he corrected by filling up the floor
several inches above the outside
ground with sand, gravel, or dry dirt.
Three or four Inches of the surface of
the floor should be removed and Re-
placed with fresh earth once or twice
a year. The run should be spaded up
at lenst once a year. If the ground
Is so wet or damp that this condition
cannot be corrected by filling, It Is
best to provide a board floor, as this
will help to keep the house dry, will
allow easier cleaning, and will pro-
mote the general health and welfare
of the hens. A house with a board
floor should be set on posts or blocks,
so that It Is 5 to 12 Inches above the
ground. When this space Is left the
floor will not rot so quickly and rats
will not be so likely to take refuge
under the house.
The dropping boards and roosts
should he placed against the hack
wall. Here they are out of the way
and also are least likely to be reached
by draffs. The dropping boards
should be about 20 to 30 inches from
the floor, depending on the height of
the building. This gives space enough
under them so that the hens have
room to exercise nnd Is not too high
for the heavier hens to fly up to. The
roosts should be 3 or 4 Inches above
the dropping hoards. If more than a
single roost is used, they should he
on the same level; otherwise all the
hens will try to crowd upon the high-
est roost. A piece of 2 by 4 or 2 by
3, laid on edge and with the upper
corners rounded off, makes a good
roost. A pole, or even a piece of
board 2 or 3 inches wide, may be
used. If the roost Is of light material
and fairly long, It should, be support-
ed in the center, as well as at the
ends, to prevent it from sagging bad-
ly. An allowance of 7 to 10 Inches
of roost space per fowl, according to
the size of the birds, should he made.
If more than one roost Is used, they
should be placed about 15 Inches
Provide Simple Nests.
Nests must be provided and may he
very simple. Any box about 1 foot
square and 5 or 6 Inches deep is
suitable. An ordinary orange box
with the partition in the middle
serves very well, each box forming
two nests. The top is removed, the
box laid on its side, and a strip 3
to 4 inches wide nailed across the
lower front. Nests can be fastened
against the walls of the house or set
on the floor. It is preferable to fasten
them against the walls, ns they take
too much floor space if set on the
floor. One nest should he provided
for each four or five hens.
Information secured from ap-
ple-market investigations by
the United States Department
of Agriculture indicate that rel-
atively low prices In large crop
years In the beginning of the
season make for quick move-
ment and rapid consumption,
with the natural result of bet-
ter season averages; that mar-
keting of Inferior grades along
with good fruit In large crop
years is not profitable; that the
effective operation of grade and
package laws may be counted
upon to aid In stabilizing ap-
IMPORTANCE OF APPEARANCE
Potatoes Suitable for Baking Wrapped
in Paper and Graded Bring
The package in which a product is
sold has much to do with Its sale. A
New York farmer found it profitable
to grade and wrap in paper potatoes
suitable for baking purposes. He got
a better price for them and also some
advertisement which sold other prod-
TESTS OF 29,638 SEED SAMPLES
HARD RED WINTER WHEAT
nt tv’-* *
* * wr <«
* >«fW Vtf*:: ;.*af
-91 K, «•*** y
*»' * K <
Hecceeary to Do.
With This Equipment Grain Dealer* Can Make All Teeta Nt
tertnme Proper Grade of Grain.
2.12 :*** rn,,'« nep-nmen, «f
**. Under the seed importation art «.mvnn ponnd. of seed were permitted
entry during the ftaeal yrar. which was more than the total for th.
«f>lcti nl u< tk» WnM m nnM ,
clover and alfalfa, crimaoa clover, rape reed, and alsefce were amone thl
leading aeeds Imported. * *m tLt*
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Riley, John W., Jr. The Rocky News (Rocky, Okla.), Vol. 16, No. 29, Ed. 1 Friday, January 28, 1921, newspaper, January 28, 1921; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc936494/m1/2/: accessed September 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.