New State Poultryman (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. , No. , Ed. 1 Thursday, November 1, 1906 Page: 1 of 12
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NEW STATE POULTRYMAN.
NEW STATE POULTRYMAN
DEVOTED TO POULTRY, PIGEONS, AND PET STOCK.
The Poultry Business as a Money
(Written for the New State Poultry-
The growth of the poultry business
has been almost phenomenal in the
last few years.
In the last five years men of capital
have sought the poultry field for in-
vestment. Large poultry plants have
sprung up all over the country. Hun-
dreds of fanciers are engaged in pro-
ducing birds for breeding purposes.
Thousands of dollars are invested in
brooder and incubator manufactures,
in fact the whole industry is broaden-
ing every year.
Around Chicago you can find plants
ranging from 50 to 80 acres devoted
exclusively to poultry.
it is but natural under the circum-
stances that many should seek the
poultry industry, both for its invest-
ment, employment and enjoyment.
That it will yield a handsome profit
to the man or woman who enters it
with any determination whatever, and
pushes it the same as he would any
other business can not help but suc-
ceed. The one main fight is to keep
your poultry clear of disease, and
free from lice' and mites.
Oklahoma is no worse than Wiscon-
sin or some of the eastern an$ west-
ern states in regard to lice or mites.
The writer has often been asked, “Is
not your soil better adapted to in-
sects such as lice or mites than the
states further north?’’ Our answer
would be, no. It may be a trifle more
sandy, but it is as easy to keep your
poultry clear from such insects here
as anywhere on earth. When selecting
a location it is not necessary to pick
high priced land, you must look to
drainage, plenty of water and a gravel
soil. If it is somewhat timbered it is
that much better, as shade is a valua-
ble feature in the poultry business.
This must either be natural or artifi-
cial. Sun flowers will answer better
A south slope is much preferable,
if a south slope is not ohtaint)ble, get
a southeast slope. This will give the
sun a chance to get in its work, which
is so necessary for warmth and sani-
tation. A north or northwest slope
means failure and despair in the poul-
A patch of clover is as essential for
your poultry as it would be for your
Of course, your location has a great
deal to do with the arrangement of
your buildings, in a climate like Ok-
lahoma your homes snoutd be warm
as a frost bitten comb will stop egg
production, open houses breed roup,
as well as numerous other diseases.
The interior of your house Should
be well planned, lia.e youi* roosts
and nest boxes removable, your drop-
ping boards under your roosts so that
they may be easily cleansed every
morning. Cleanliness is an essential
feature in the poultry business. A few
years ago it was the custom to have
your houses under one roof, now the
colony plan seems to bu more favor-
able. A piano box well covered makes
a very suitable house for a pen of
fowls. Your floors should be covered
six or eight inches deep with some
loose litter, at feeding time, some
oats, wheat or corn should be thrown
into this to make your hens work,
exercise being as esential to egg lay-
ers as to the growth of a baby. One
breed is enough to naudip at one
ttime, even our old time experienced
breeders are discarding all but one
breed As the old saying is, one thing
at a time and that done well is far
better policy than to have three or
four irons in the fire at one time, and
no way to handle any of them. A
great many failures in the poultry
business have resulted in the question
of feed. Injudicious feeding will
ruin your entire flock in a very short
time. To produce perfect health in
your fowls you should give them a
balanced ration, that is, one which
contains all the elements necessary
to properly supply all the different
demands of nature.
If you are raising poultry for mar-
ket you should finish them with car-
bonaceous foods. If for eggs or breed-
ing purposes, then mix with the car-
bonaceous foods those containing a
high percentage of protein. For ex-
ample, cotton seed meal, oats, wheat,
bran, Canadian peas, together with
meat scraps, etc.
All fowls should have access to
grit. This should be hard, flinty,
rough, with uneven edges. As this
acts as teeth, pebles, sand, oyster
shell, etc., should also be given.
Laying fowls should be kept con-
stantly at work. Lazy fowls, as well
as lazy people, are not fit for much.
A great deal could be said on this sub-
ject, but space forbids in this issue.
C. B. HEXTEr!
Oklahoma City, Oct. 26, 1906.
The man that is loyal to home and
home institutions is the man that
helps to build up and does good for
his neighbor and his country, and his
own home. 1 am sorry to say we
have a few kickers that are always
telling of the good things back where
they came from, and nothing and no
one here seems to suit them. Now,
Brother Fancier (I wil lcall you), if
this country don’t suit you and the
poultry judges and the poultry of Ok-
lahoma does not suit you, have the
courtesy to leave alone the people
who are trying to build this grand and
growing country, and are doing every-
thing they can in the upbuilding of
good and better poultry; and, further-
more, if you are here to knock and
kick and this climate does not agree
with you, go back to where you came
from and where you can have things
to suit you better. The man who is
always kicking and knocking does not
deserve the bread that he eats. I do
not know that it is envy or whether it
be failure on his part to become pop-
ular. I can’t figure out and I shall
not get personal, only say the shoe
must fit the one who owns it. I will
further say, I am first, last and al-
ways for home, and home institutions,
and next for my neighbors and neigh-
bors’ states, and I hope never to be
little enough to try to tear down what
other people are trying to build up,
and shall always try to help build up
the poultry business, and not be a
I write this for the god of all poultry
breeders, so they may know and be-
ware of such characters, and let us all
work together and help each other
and help others.
Yours for betterment,
M. S. FITE.
Our First Standard Rocks.
According to our nrst American
standard, we find on page 43 the fol-
lowing description of pur leading
breed of American fowls. Dark or
light steel gray all over, and free
from splashes of red, black or white
feathers in any part of plumage, not
a word being said in regard to Barr-
Can you imagine the Barred rock of
today compared with that of 1874.
Wonder if we could recognize the
breeds as being one and the same
without first studying a little of Dar-
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Griffin, C. W. New State Poultryman (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. , No. , Ed. 1 Thursday, November 1, 1906, newspaper, November 1, 1906; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc936320/m1/1/: accessed October 16, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.