Oklahoma Daily Journal (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 218, Ed. 1 Friday, June 12, 1891 Page: 4 of 4
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A DROP OF HAY-WATER.
Whet One May T ««r«ln by the Aid
of a Mleroioopa.
Let mo tell vou of some of the won-
derful things 1 hove aeon. Once I put
a little hay la h tuuibler. covered it
with water, and set the glass in a
warm plaoo for a day or two. 1 lien,
with a mediolue-dropper. 1 puta drop
of the water on a glass slip. covered it
with a very thin glass wafer tho size of
a cent, placed it uuder niv microscope,
adjusted the focus, and what a sight
luet my eves. Dozens and dozens of
what looked !iko animated drops of
Jelly were darting hero and there,
bumping against one another, or
dodging ono another like schoolboys
at recess. Perhaps among the crowd
of amallor ones would dash a much
bigger fellow. 1 fancied it might bo a
big brother, older than the others by
some hours, and so entitled to^ tho
deference he seemed to exact. Then,
in another part of the drop of water,
tho little ones formed almost a circle,
and presently In tho center of this
canio a big fellow—he must have been
at least MOO of an inch long—who be-
gan revolving slowly. *T. T B u-
ll um," 1 thought to myaolf. That is
exactly the way I have .seen him ad-
dress an audience surrountliug a cir-
cus ring." Hut 1 can never know
what he told the small ones, for not
even the "little ghost of an Inaudible
squeak" reached my ears. Besides
these little creatures, I could sc. what
looked like dark specks darting above.
Determined to fiud out what these
were, I used a stronger magnifying
glass, and looking throuch it the
specks proved to bo other little swim-
mers such as I had beeu examining; and
tho latter, of course, seemed larger
But now there were still other specks
darting about, so a still stronger glass
was used, with the janio result.
Magnify as I might, I could not reach
a point where 'here were not some
moving atoms needing further magni-
fying. I have since learned that no
glass has ever been made powerful
enough to reveal the tiniest of thee
"infusoria" as they are called.—Alary
V. Worsted, in St. I/icMa*
rhaneN of English Words.
The subjoined word- have under-
gone changes chielly iu the acquistion
of new powers, during tho lost few
years, in sonic casei I may bo mis-
taken. although I have tested the ex-
perience *of othor persons. But a
record of We kind is of value, and a
short list will perhaps suggest note-
worthy additions. Ordinary slang
words (such us • awfully" ) and tech-
nical terms should, 1 think, bo ex-
Distinctly.-Much affected in the
plaoo of "very," "decidedly." "cer-
tainly." The word has even found
favor with writers of money articles
in newspapers: "Iron is distinctly
HruUiL — No longer simply "coarse-
ly ferocious," "brutish," but also, as
in French, "rough." 'harsh." especi-
ally as applied to language.
Obtains. —Familiarly used, without a
complimentary noun, in the sense of
"maltes way with." "hold.
Strained.—'The very familar use of
this word in a metaphorical sense is of
Once.— For "when once.'
To-day.—For "at the present day,"
Voice.—Familiarly used as a verb in
the sense of "to give expression to."
Recrudescencr. -Getting into com-
mon use. Since jotting down the
above words I have chanced to read in
a speech by Lord Salisbury (March I)
of "tho recrudescence of protection;"
aud in au article by Professor Huxley,
in this month's A, leenlh (entury, of
"the recrudescence, of superstitions."
Largely.-'Much favored of lately at
tho expeuse of "greatly."
Smart.— Almost equivalent, as ap-
plied to personti to "swell," stylish;"
aave that these words, like genteel, are
uow rarely used by genteel people.
Enjoyable. — "Pleasant," "agree-
able." aud not merely "what may be
enjoyed." But is not this adjective a
new coinage. dating from aboui
tweutv-tivo years backP—Notes and
tturgicnl Operation on a Male.
A Georgia veterinary surgeon has
performed quito a skillful operation on
a mule. The animal's hoofs had grown
out about eight inches long aud had
remained in this condition so long that
it was walking ou its hind legs some-
thing like a bear. The surgeon had
three inches>of its hoof sawed off and
had it shod in such a manner as to
Straight** it up on its feet again.
A IMajrwrlter's I nek.
Hun Francisco to Htockton >y Boat
Glowing accounts induced us to try
the southern mines, and a passage to
Stockton was secured on an old tub of
a schooner at the rate of three ounces
of gold, or thirty-six dollars per head.
The deck was crowded wit ti men of
every nationality. The rolling hills,
tawny, and flecked with green trees,
bounding the bavsof San FraueUco,
Suisun. and San Pablo, were novel and
interesting. The very color of the
earth, covered with wild oats or dried
grvss, suggested a land of gold. '1 lie
sight was inspiriting. But when we
reached tho mouth ol ti e San Joaquin
our miseries began. Tltis river has an
extraordinarily tortuous cour-t almost
entirely through tule, or mainlands,
ih i' iu 1849 produced bushels of vora-
cious mosquitoes to the aer> 1 had
never known the like before It seem-
ed as if there was a at rat nil of awa-in-
ing insect life ten feet thick over the
surface of the earth I corded my
trousers tight t<> my boot-legs to keep
them from pulling up, don: ' I a thick
coat, though the heat was intolerable,
shielded niv neck and face with hand-
kerchiefs, and put on buckskin gloves,
and iu that condition | cboiled aud
tsiuothered. In spite of all precautious
our faces were much swollen with the
poison of numberless bites. To escape
the hot aun we took refuge belowdiek
and to drive away the posts a smudge
was made on some sand in tho bottom
of the boat, which tilled the hold almost
to suffocation. The inosrpiitoe> were too
ravenous to be wholly foiieu by smoke.
1 think I never endured such vexation
and suffering. Sleep was impossible.
The boat had to be worked l \ hand
around the numerous bends, and half
the time the sails were useless f rwant
of wind. It was a burning calm in the
midst of a swamp. Hut oven i .i our dis-
tress there whs i humorous side pro-
vok'ug grim smiles a*, least. < entury.
Where Gold Conies From.
the rent frofu |20 to $30 a month." -
Gentleman (who has ongaged aged
colored hack man to drive him from the
station to tho hotel)—"Say, uncle,
what's your nameP" Dn*r—"Mv
name, sail, is George Washington.
Gentleman — "George Washington!
Why, that name seems familiar."
Driver-"Well, 1 should think it ought
to. Here I been drivta to this station
fo' 'bout twenty years, sah."—Brook-
THE COLONEL DIDN'T SHOOT.
Ho II.- Would Have
I \Vlp«Ml Out.
The gold taken from the river bars
was mostly in the form of scales re-
sembling cucumber seeds, and of vary-
ing size. It was most plentiful on the
bed-rock and in a few inches of soil
above iL though sometimes three or
four feel of earth would pay to wash.
Where the bed-rock was hard the
miner cleaned it. for a shovelful of
dirt might contain a few dollars in
small particles. Where the bed-rock
was soft shale or slate on edge the
miner picked away an inch or so au*l
washed it, as frequently the scales*
were found to be driven quite thickly
uto the crevices. When tho ground
was very rich the rocker was cleaned
of gold every hour or two. When
work was over, around the supper tire
the events of the day were discussed,
earnings compared, reports made of
rizzly bears or deer being seen or
tilled, of better diggings of "coarse
gold" discovered, liiis was the hour
for speculations as to the origin of the
Ijold in the rivers, and a strong opin-
ion was entertained by many who were
not well-read that immense masses of
the precious metal would some day bo
brought to light in the sncw-cappcd
peaks towering to the east
Coarso gold" was a charm to the
ear of the ordinary miner. His claim
might be paying him au ouuee a day
iu tine gold, but ho was always inter-
ested iu some reported diggings far
away where the product was iu lumps,
and not infrequently ho left a good
mine to seek, some richer El Dorado.
The characteristic aud besetting fault
of the early miner was unrest. He
was forever seekiu^ better fortune.
Yet it was this passion for prospecting
that resulted in tho discovery of gold
in an incredibly short time from the
southern end of tho San Joaquin Val-
ley to the northern limit of tlie State
To "prospect1" was to find a spot that
looked favorable and make an exam-
ination of it. The miner would take a
pan of earth, shake and gyrate it un-
der water, raising and tipniug it fre-
quently to run the dirt and water off.
then plunge it again, and so continuo
uutil a small residuum of black sand
aud gold remained. A speck of gold
was tho "color,'' several si ks wore
"several colors," and the number and
size deteruiiued the judgment of the
miner whether b' -a go to work
or move on. 1 have seen ounces taken
in this way in a siugle pan, but in the
earlier days we counted a "bit" to the
pau, twelve and a half ceuts, % fair
HE CRAWLED THROUGH.
Ono hot summer day af'.er climbing
the obi "government" road, which
winds in and out of the gulches, but
always up from Copper Basin, my com-
panion. Col. Bigeiow, and myself,
writes a correspondent of tho Arizona
Republican, reached tho cool spring
which bubbles from the rocks Just bo-
f ,i„ the divide is reached from which
the road commences to descend to
Prescott. which is eight or nine miles
a way. The mountains here are cov-
ered with tall pine trees which spring
from the ground covered w ith immense
Resting ourselves at the spring tho
oolonel pointed to t trail leading up
the ide of the opposite mountain and
said. "A good many years siuce—I
think it was in 1865; and when 1 felt
much younger than now—I came very
near being taken in by tho Indiaus up
on the trail w here it passes over the
divide. I'll tell you how it was.
•I had been dow if to Prescott for a
month or two, having a good time
with a lot of the boys, until I had he-
come tirod of so much hilarity, and 1
made up my mind to strike out for
camp, which, nt that time, was at the
mouth of the Grand wash, which loads
down into the H assay am pa, four or
live miles below Copper Basin.
"I started out from Prescott and
was coming up tho trail on the other
side of that ridge over there, all the
time keeping my eyes open for Ind-
ians. for in those days a person was
always on the lookout for Indians and
always had his gnu ready for instant
As 1 came up the hill 1 noticed a
movement of the bonghs in the too of
a tall piuon pine tree which stood on
the top of the ridge. Not being able
from my position to discover what
made the commotion in the pine tree
top, i carefully made mv way up the
hill until I had a good view of tho tree,
aud what do you think I saw? Well,
an ludiau had shinned ui> the pine
tree, and, with a long, light rib of a
saghuara, was knocking off the pine
coues, which hold the sweet piuon
I felt very comfortable when I saw
the Indian up that tree, for I imagined
tho result if he had caught me up the
tree. I made up my mind that he was
my ludiau, for the Apaches had made
things particularly hot for me on more
than one occasion. Without any re-
gard as to whether ho would fall on a
soft spot or not, I took good aim aud
then —didn't shoot."
NoP What was the matterP''
I'll toll you why," continued the
oolonel. "Hearing a slight noise I
looked down the trail on the other side
of the hill, and there, not more than
BEGINNING WITH A LUNGE.
A Japanese Hword Cat for WhU
Ordinary Man la Unprepared.
The pictures and carvings of Japan,
as a rule, present tho warriors armed
with two swords—one on each side,
says a writer in the Kansas City Slur.
This two-sword matter is more a part
of ceremony and state than anything
When a Japanese means business lie
only needs ono su"tal. Fhoy not
so skillful of feue as the huropeans,
but nevertheless have a uuinbor of cuts
and slashes, which, being in their nature
so uiany surprises, would give a swords-
man unused to their methods some lit-
The lirst move a Jap makes in a
sword fight is fraught with danger to
his oppouent. There are no prelimin-
aries with a Jan. I he light begins
with him while his blade is yet in its
scabbard, ami as ho draws his weapon
wisdom will give him about forty feet
Grasping the scabbard near the
center ho slightly tilts it so that the
point of tho sword as it hangs by his
side is. if anytbin a little higher than
the hilt. Tho sword itself is curved,
very heavy, and with its slnsrle edge as
keen as twenty razors.
When he draws it streams from the
THE BANK OF ENGLAND.
I>e«rn In the Money Vautle Amid Almoef
The automatic bodyguard now shows
some animation, says the London edi-
tion of tho N. Y. Herald. Producing
a hand lantern from another mysteri-
ous recess he bids us follow. We walk
in narrow alleys formed of piles of
Ik xes, where not a ray of light pene-
L.ites, and find ourselves making a
rapid descent, with the lantern ahead,
like some guardian angel. W e de-
scend a steeper incline than the othois,
with the defunct bank notes in their
sarcophagi all around us, when a chill
air striking us proves that we are well
Then the figure in iront turns and
announces to us in a tone calculated to
strike terror into nervous persons "We
are now in the labyrinth." I begin to
feel like another Guy Fawkos going to
blow up the whole place. But the
sudden twists and turns we take al-
ways in that bewildering maze of piled-
up cases are becoming most trying to
the banker, who is not accustomed to
dodging a will-o'-the-wisp in a cata-
I begin to entertain fears that he is
leading us to some dungoou fastness
when he turns again and solemnly re-
marks, with a wave of his hand, ''All
INVENTIONS THAT PAY
WINTS OF MONEY MADE OUT OF
On* Million Dollar. Iti-ftllKfl"! from til.
Ilitiiy'a Tin llatllw and Several Million!
from the Cotton Tie.
ami I He i rap ser liTs mouth. The
worm was caught by the head and
Upon one occasion a man sent the
embalmed body of a baby to the patent
office with his application to secure a
patent for a new process of embalming
discovered by him. The baby is not
uow on exhibition as a model.
scabbard like a b.-ain of light, and as i^, bank notes." Some idea can be gained
A man with his trousers in his boot-
tops and a whip in his hand called at
the box-offic° of one of tho Detroit
theaters tho other day, and, after
fumbling about his pocket for awhile,
brought out about a dozen sheets of
foolscap pinned to-gether, and said:
"Here's a play my daughter has writ
an' composed all by her self. \\ hat
are you paying this spring?"
••The price is wa\ down," replied
the courteous attendant.
• Too uiany iu tho market, I sup-
"Wall, this is a stepper of a plav
and no mistake. Four murders in it,
and uo eud of love aud bangiug
"I see, but I don't think wo could
could use it."
"House gets atire and the heroine
puts it out with eidor." continued the
man. "Work in cider and e lire aud
you are sure to hit everybody. I
suggested the cider myself."
"Yes. but as 1 told you. tho price is
way, way down."
"I expect so. Uow much'll you
"I aui ashamed to make you an of-
"Pooh! Don't be afeard of iiurtin*
my feelings! Jest ^o right a'. «*ad aud
say what ye'll give.'
"Well, sir, plays are such a drug in
tho market that I couldn't oiler you
over—over 26 cents—really couldn't
"Ginnne the money—she's vours!"
said the man, as he handed it In; and
after swallowing the lompin his throni
aud turning about forty different col-
ors. the officials passed out a quarter
aud look iu the play aud sadly dropped
it iu tho waste basket.—Detroit Free
'•Ho, sir," exclaimed the politician
at the ward caucus, "there is too much
talk about helping politicians. All we
waut is to be allowed to help our-
selves."—N. Y. Recorder.
"Don't you think," said Miggins,
"that I often wield a bitter pen? 'I
don't know," was tho reply. You're
the only man I ever saw chewing the
end of it."—Washington J'ost
100 yards away, were coming seven or
eight Iudiaus in single tile, and all
were armed. They had not seen me
1 suddenly concluded 1 hadn't lost any
Indian that day, and I lay fiat down iu
the brush while they passed along the
trail iu full view of my hiding place
aud disappeared over tho hill.
As 1 aid n't care to call a band of
the red fiends upon me by shooting I
just crawled away from them without
lettiug the Indian up the tree know
how near ho had beou to being
meat nor how near my scalp had been
hanging to the belt of one of bis tribe."
Boston is the only city in tho world
where a stenographic account of every
session of its common council is pre-
served in the municipal archives.
Every motion, argument, debate, re-
mark. etc., is jotted dowu by tho otli-
comos ho makes a prodigious step tor-
ward with his right foot,accompanying
the whole with a rapid circular slash
upward of tho back-handed sort. Tho
whole performance is one motion, and
rapid iu its execution as thought.
Your Jap will reach a man a dozen
feet away, aud the keen blade, starting
its work low, will split an opponent
like a mackerel. A Japanese swords-
man always makes this upward swoop
ou drawing his weapon, whether an
enemy is in sight or not.
Sherman's March to The Sea.
Among the chief figures of the epoch
of the war probably Lincoln and Sher-
man woro the most iudividual aud
original. The most romantic and
picturesque of the many ronowned
ents of that time was the march to
ho sea. It has already a distiuctivo
character, like that of the Greeks in
Xenophon's story of the Ten Thousand.
When the news of its successful issue
reached this part of tho country, it
served to show the simple and honest
patriotism of one of the most unfortun-
ate of the Uuion generals. Burnside,
after the explosion of the mine at
Petersburg, had been relieved, and
was staying with a company of friends
at a country house on Narragansett
Bay. The company were all sitting one
morning upon the spacious piazza,
when a messenger rode up and an-
nounced Sherman's success. Burn-
side's del5 was enthusiastic. All
thought oi himself vanished. The
good cause only was in his mind and
heart, and running to hia wife, he joy-
fully kiosed her, saying. "I know that
the company feels as I do, and will for-
It was the feeling of a soldier as
simple and true-hearted and patriotic,
but not so fortunate, as Sherman; and
it was the same candor and manly
sweetness of nature that softened Sher-
man's voice whenever be spoke of the
soldiers of the war to whom fate had
seemed to be unkind. He is gone, the
last of tho old familiar figures, some of
his old foes beariug him tenderly to the
grave. And are not Lincoln, Grant,
Sherman, Sheridan, Porter, Seward,
Chase. Stanton. Sumner, aud their fel-
lows, hiatorio figures worthy to rank
with the elder Revolutionary group
dear to all Amcricau.-P —George William
Curtis, in Harper's Magazine.
of the quantity when it is said that they
are 77.74,1),000 in number,aud that t,iey
The Derivation of Foolscap.
Mr. and Mrs. Hugo Boggs were in
volved in a heated discussion as to the
width of a pane of glass broken out of
the south window of their kitchen.
"That pane of glass," said Mr
Boggs resolutely, "is big enough to
throw a cow through by the horns; it
is twenty iuchcs w ide by twenty-ou
"And I know.' Mrs. Boggs retorted,
"that it isn't a bit over one foot wide,
and hardly that.'
So, instead of adjusting their quarrel
by measuring tiie casement, they
argued uutil Mr. Hoggs offered to buv
Mrs. B. the best silk dress iu town if
he failed to crawl through the empty
easement w ithin throe minutes.
"You'll just get stuck fast. Hugo,
and I'll have to call in the neighbors
to saw you out," wailed his wife; "see
if you don't."
••Nonseuso. v\ mian; I'll bo through
before you can wink.'
Just at this point little Willy, who
was sobbing as tiio result of a recent
cellar interview with his father, crept
quietly out of the house.
Boggs stripped himself of coat and
vest, and from a perch on a soap box
Wgan to wriggle through the w indow,
lie was right about tho sizo of the
opeuing, aud everything went on nice-
ly until he uudertook to rest himself
by placing bis hands on the cellar
door wh'<eh, under ordinary circum-
stances, was situated directly'benoath
this w indow, about two fi et «h iw
this extraordinary ease the door, had
been carefully folded back by parties
The tarpon is the Mcgalops atlanticus
of naturalists, a member of the family
Elopidce, aud may be considered a
gigantic herring. They have a wide
geographical range from the extrem-
ity of the Florida reef to Cape Cod,
two specimens having been captured
in the latter locality in 1874. From
May to September they are extremoly
common in the northern streams of
JHorida, seeking the warmer waters
Vl the reef and the more southern in-
lets during the winter. Largo ones
aro the rule, averaging ono hundred
aod fifty pouuds iu weight and from
five to seven and a half feet in length,
while their maximum length is said to
\te over eight feet, and their weight
three hundred pounds. The smallest
specimen observed iu the St. John's
Kiver. according to a careful observer,
weighed sixty-eight pounds, and its
capture was effected in a manner that
illustrates the agility of the species.
It leaped aboard the steamer Water
Lily, clearing the guards, and landing
fairly in the captain's lap. who was
sitting in a chair in the middle of the
A Cruel Wind.
Everybody knows what "foolscap"
paper is, but everybody does not know
now it came to bear that name. In
order to incvo"«e his revenues Charles
I. granted ceit .iii privileges, amount-
ing to monopolies, and among these
was the manufacture of paper, tho ex-
clusive right of which was sold to cer-
tain parties, who grew rich and en-
riched the government at the expense
of those who were obliged to use
paper. At that time all English paper
bore the royal arms iu water marks.
The parliament under Cromwell made
sport of this law in every possible man-
ner, and among other indignities to
the memory of Charles it was ordered
that the royal arms be removed from
the paper and that the fool's cap and
bells should be used as a substitute.
When the Bum, parliament was
prorogued those were also removed;
but tho paper of the size of tho parlia-
mentary Journals, which is usually
about seventeen by fourteen inches,
still bears the name of "foolscap."—
Harper's Young People.
An InteiliKcnt Animal.
The keeper of the bear Island light
is the owner of an intelligent dog.
When a steamer passes the light it
whistles its salute, and response the
li<rhtkeoper rings his bell, or rather
dRi ring before t he dog took the job
out of his hands. Seeing that the
passing of a boat and the ringing of
the bell were two things that went to-
gether, the dog took it into his own
hands—or mouth—to ring tho bell,
fill 18.400 boxes, which, if placed side
by side, would reach two and a half
miles. If the uotes were placed in a
pile they would roach a height of fivo
and a half miles.or if joined end to end
would form a ribbon 12.455 miles long.
Their superficial extent is a little less
than that of Hyde park; their original
value was over £1,750.000,000 and their
weight over 90 1-2 tons.
Along another passage we enter a
large room—really a vault—which is
surrounded from floor to ceiling by
iron doors of safes which at their open-
ing might ho five feet high by five feet
wide. Oue of those is opened and
shows rows upon rows c* gold coins in
bags of £2,000 each.
One is handed to me to hold, and
after doing so for a moment I decide I
will not carry it home. The dead
weight is enormous. Yet these officials
handle the slipping, sliding mass as
though it were a book. Another door
is opened and we observe a stack of
bank uotes. I remark that 1 have seen
a lot already. For answer the manager
takes out a parcel of 1,000 £1,000 notes
•'Take hold." I do so,and am told I
am holding £1,000,000. I should have
wished to hold it longer,but they want
it, so I put it back.
•'This small safe contains £8,000,
000" continued the polite manager,
"and you aro in tho richest vault of the
Bank of Euglaud and of the world.
This small room at present holds £80,-
By this time my appetite for wealth
is nearly gone. I am nauseated with
the atmosphere of bank notes. My
senses are dulled w ith the oppressing
poctacle and I hail with delight tho
merry plashing fountain iu the court-
yard. Here are tho quarters of tho
thirty - four guardsmen who nightly
patrol tho establishment. A double
sentry is posted at each gate, and as
they load with ball cartridges it is not
a safe place for an enterprising burglar
to tackle. The officer of the guard has
a bedroom in tho bank,and is provided
with a dinner and a bottle of the liuest
old port, aud I understand that the
guards are also liberally treated.
Antiquity of Slot Devices.
There was a coin-in-thc slot machine
in Alexandria, Egypt, a couple of
thousand years or so ago. It was
veuted by"a priest, and dispensed holy
water automatically. A coin dropped
through tho hole tilted the nicely bal-
anced lever ami a spoonfull of the
liquid ran out into the palm of the
hand. The slot idea is.as old as the
But what has puzzled inventors has
beeu such an application of it as could
not bo beaten bv bad boys. 1 he
earlier slot machines could be worked
by buttons, by iron washers, by coins
with strings attached,and by iron rods.
In one way and another the contauts
were pumped out and the owner of the
machine and the merchandise was none
the richer. About four years ago the
inventors, by zigzag tubes or by care-
ful adjustment of weight, or by some
other contrivance, succeeded in get-
ting slot machines which could not be
deceived by youthful ingennity.
Siuce then app''cations have poured
in. Principal Examiner Aughinbagh
says that the patents on slot machines
now number in the hundreds. There
are seven different patents for slot
machines for taking photographs. In
England a patent has been granted
for a machine which automatically
weighs a person and announces the re-
sult audibly by a phonograph arrange-
The most profitable slot machines of
this immediate period are tho musical
phonographs. There are so many
mints to the owners. Music rolls are
changed daily. The owners have gone
so far as to hire the famous Marine
Band to play uiany tunes for repro-
duction by the phonograph. An ac-
In reply to the question: "What is
i patent?" the Yankee inventor once
laid: "It is tho right to suo somebody."
And the answer really embodies the
most comprehensive definition of the
word that could be found, says the N.
Y. World. The pateut offlco annually
Issues 24,000 patents, and it is safe to
•ay that out of tbezn not less than half
that number of lawsuits are evolved.
The great building nt Washington
could supply a fund of humor, of
pathos, of romance, aud tragedy
which might well furnish the novelists
>f the world with plots for a lifetime.
As a rule the little' inventions—that
Is, those which seemed really insignifi-
cant—have brought forth the greatest
Tho man who invented the tin rattle
for babies retired with $1,000,000 to
The return ball, which consisted of
an ordinary rubber or wooden ball
to which was :ittaehe<| a long
elastic cord, was invented by a shoe-
maker in New York. It met with
uuiversal favor and tho man who
originated tho idea found that it
profited him to the extent of $50,000
per annum. It is said by those who
are supposed to lrnow that ho never
secured a patent ou tho device, but in-
stead bought up all tho rubber balls in
the market, attuched to them tho
lastio cords, aud reaped his fortune
while others were hustling around to
find enough rubber with which to com-
pote for the prize. The wire bottle-
stopper is a very simple contrivance
and yet it ha9 earned an immense for-
tune. It was invented and patented
by a man named Charles Quilfolt, who
subsequently sold it for $1,000 to oue
Iu the meantime a man named Put-
nam had invented auother design of
the same thing, which was tho detach-
,ble wire over tho top of tho cork. In
some way oue infringed upon the
other and a lawsuit was begun. But
tho parties got together, consolidated
their interests, and coined money.
One of the remarkable "simple" in-
ventions is the cotton tie. Formerly
all cotton bales were tied with rope,
but there were many objections to
that process which hundreds of men
sought to overcome, and at last one by
the name of Cooms invented what was
known as the "arrowhead" tie for an
iron strap. Tho contrivance was so
simple that cottonmen far and near
quietly took their old pants from the
closet hooks aud kicked them around
their rooms because they had not
thought of the device themselves. The
aud when a bout com,Malonft without corcpllshecl young lady Pf^mer i.
for her whMIe, ho Seize* the k,pt regularly on,,.loyed
Boggs reached out wildly for it and
missed. His 1'50 pounds had started
earthward, however, and nothing
could head him off.
"Bet ynn two to one dad wins,
mother!" shouted little Willie from a
seat on the line fence.
"Stop him, Willie, stop him!" shriek-
ed Mrs. Boggs.
"Not much! Think I'm goin' t' in-
terfere in n square race? Go it dad;
you're a w inner!'
"Bump! bump! smash! Mr. Boggs
"O-o-o-h! I'm sure Hugo's killed."
sobbed Mrs. Boggs.
" Two ininut - thirty-two seconds,"
said little Willie, thrustiug his birth-
day watch iuto his hip pocket.—N. Y.
A hasty and inconsidorato breeze
played a mean trick a day oi vo ago
on the little old woman who r rinds a
haud organ on 14th stroct. uear 6th
avenue. A black tin placard hung on
the front of the wheezy instrument,
telling iu white letters to passers by:
"1 am paralyzed." Suddenly a vigor-
ous gust of wind swept around the
corner and, catching the placard on
the under side, swung it well out of
its perpendicular and turned it com-
nleU'lv over. When the wind, tlra
(lust and the flying particles of paper
subsided there sat the little old
woman mechanically grinding out
"Annie Rooncy" behind the pathetic
inscription on the sheet of black
tin: 'Kind friends. I have been bliud
since childhood."—N. 1 'Junes.
Too Thick to Thrive.
The smallest of all the States, Rhode
Island, has the largest population per
square mile, or 318 44 persons. I he
figures of tho last census show that if
the whole Union were
populated it w ould contain D4o,7tH>.ttOO
Under Government Control
When the Hungarian government
took tho operation of the railroads in
band it reduced rates 82 per cent. 1 )
the purchase'of commutation tickets
a 60-milo trip costs five ami a hair
cents, and more than one can go on
a book together. The increase in
trafiie amounts to 1,600 per ceut.
bell rope with his teeth aud rings a
It is estimated that the Australian
colony of Vjctorla will have 10,000,000
bushels of wheat for export this year.
ton, at a salary nf' 18 per week to play
all of the latest music to the phono,
No man is accountable for the mis-
takes of his friends. . .
Don't call a spade a spade whon it is
a shovel. «
No man over yet minded Ins own
business who didn't get into trouble.
However jireat some men's abilities
are. their liabilities are always greater.
A man is frequently known by tho
company ho keeps out of.
Honesty is the best policy, because
it is the' only policy which insures
'" After a while tho king will do no
wrou". because he will never have a
The man who believe m ghosts may
a better citizen than the ono who
does not believe in his fellow-creat-
Plne Thing to be a RIiir-
"You think," said the King in exile,
"that it ia a glorious thing to be a
King. Listen, I will tell you what
happened once to me. You will then
see how delightful a thing a crown can
be sometimes." It was midnight and
in the smoking-room of a West Lnd
club, aud his -ex-Majesty was alone
witli one man. 1 was giving a dinner
j party to my Ministers and my officers.
At the moment of sitting down ar
! 'aide-de-camp' came hurriedly iuto the
| room. 'Sire,' he said, 'there is a dis-
i patch, which must be signed at once.
Pardon my disturbing you.' I saw
ainst loss of character. that there was something more than a
Don't lose sight of an honorable j djSi,ateh, and I left the room with an
enemy; he'll make a good friend. apology- What is itP' I asked. 'Drink
The snaring hawk has no ear for j no wine,' he whispered, 'it is poisoned.'
music, ami rates the cry of the par- .\vho is the chief conspirator?' 'Your
tridge above tho song of tho uightin- i nmo Minister.' I returned to the
table, and during dinner I drank
nothing. Aftor dinner the Premier
proposed the prosperity of the country.
1 rose to drink it, my glass in my hand,
mv poisoned glass. I said that so
deoph did I appreciate tho sentiment
of llis Excellency that in drinking the
toast I would honor him by exchanging
glasses. He turned white, he turned
green, but he could not refuse. 1
dr ink his glass, he drank mine. 1 as-
sure yen it was twenty minutes at least
; before his writhings—iu his chair-
were over. Then they carried him out.
; And vet you think it is a fine thing to
! be a King!"
cv should bo always
Fashiou and de
on good terms.
The consumption of toba o has in-
creased enormously in Fran <• during
the last two or three years. Tho aver-
age is said to be two pounds y< ,irly to
tie went iuto immediate use, thousands
of "improvements" were patented,
and millions of the straps were sold
and millions of dollars were realized.
The man who at present controls the
patent aud the numerous assignments
connected therewith, made to ' m by
the various inventors of improvements,
has purchased the famous Navarro
flats in Fifty-seventh street aud is the
possessor of a large fortune beside.
Everybody remembers tho "fifteen
puzzle." Fifteen little blocks were
placed in a square box. which was
made to hold sixteen. The sixteenth
space was left vacant, and block "fif-
teen" was placed between blocks "thir-
teen" aud "fourteen." The problem
was to arrange them in order without
removing a block from the box. 1 he
idea was originated by a cripple, aud
from it he is said to have amassed a
large fortune. The puzzle went every-
where—iu tho homes of the rich aud
"Pharaoh's serpent" was the inven-
tion of a Brooklyn mau. It consisted
of a little pill, to which a lighted
match was touched, when a snaki
crawled forth and writhed and twisted
after a most serpentine and fasciuatiug
fashion. The pills sold like wildfire —
which, indeed, they were and brought
tho inventor between $60,000 and
1100,000. But it also cost him his life.
In working upon an "improvement"
in his laboratory he iuhaled the fumes
of the chemicals he was u: r.d
died from the poisonous effects pro-
duced upon him.
Mr. Munn of the Scicntigc American
tells many interesting stories about
patents and inventors. He .-ays the
gimlet-pointed screw has brought more
wealth to different men than many sil-
ver and gold mines of the west. A
man named Walter Aiken was the first
tojthiuk of it and he realized a hand-
some fortune. Aiken's father, by the
way, invented a sawset which brought
him $100,000 or more.
It was a Yankee who first thought of
putting copper tips on children's shoes
and his check became good for magni-
Sometimes many years elapse before
the good qualities of an invention are
appreciated. Tho patent upon roller-
skates had nearly expired before it
realized any profit. Then somebody
started a rink, and so made the skate
inventor worth $1,000,000.
Who has seen the "Dancing Jim
CrowP" Who would believe that it
was worth $75,000 a year to -is in-
ventor? Yet it is true.
One of the largest fortunes ever
realized from a patent was made by
the man who conceived the idea of
putting emery powder on cloth, and
the inverted glass bell to hang over
gas-burners proved to be a veritable
lamp of Aladdin.
The rubber tip for lead-pencils made
$100,000. The pen for shading \\ ith
different colors brings au annual
stipend of $200,000, aud in tho year
1887 alone, as proved by testimony in
receut legal action, the inventor of
metal plates for protection of the soles
and heels of shoes realized a profit of
William Chandler Raymond has
written a book entitled "Curiosities of
the Patent Office," and he devotes
several pages to the whimsical and
comical things that have been in-
There is a mechanical sheetiron cat,
with stoel claws, wliich runs bv rJooU-
■worK and Is warranted to Tick any
cat in Christendom. The cat is wound
up and placed on the roof. Old round-
ers spy a newcomer aud tackle him.
Whew! When they light on his back
a spring is touched aud the mechanism
works. There is a small cyclone on
the roof, incessant yells, and—tho old
rounder retires to meditate over the
uncertainties of life.
One man patented a process of cur-
ing worms by fishing for them in tho
human stomach with rod. hook, and
line. History does not state whether
he used a reel or uot, and fails to de-
scribe tho landing net or the gaft em-
ployed for large ones. Another made
a trap for catcning tapeworms as ono
wmUiUJox*. •Tiiiu^atiantji-bb .starved
How He Oot III# Name—A Story of •
Thrilling Adventure In California.
The oddity of his name struck me.
After supper I ventured to inquire
how ho cauie to bo called Rattlesnake
"Why," he cried, "didn't vou ever
hear how I got that name? I thought
everybody knew about that."
He evidently felt chagrined. 1 has-
ned to explain that I wn^ a stranger
in the State, and had just c« '.me up to
this mountaiu valley on a fishing expe-
dition. This at once mollified hi.'11,
and after a "whisky straight and no
ater" at my expense, he explained
the origin of his name as follows:
Bob McGill and I were down om
the Middle Feather ono summer, pros-
pecting and bunting Wo killed a lit
tie game, caught plenty of fish, had
lots of hard climbing, but did not tiud*
a claim that was worth a cent.
The river canon is very deep, and
tho sides are almost solid rock. It is
the hottest place in all ('alih.rnia.
"Oue day we came to a queer spot
aud stopped to examine it. It looked
like a big stono cup turned upside
down in a stono saucer. The rock was
lava and full of cracks aud fissures, in
three sides the cup was pretty stoop,
but ou the fourth was a little narrow
place to walk up. We crossed the
stone saucer and climbed the knob or
Jest as we got to the top, Bob says.
'Look thar.' and mnted right down ou
the other side. Three big rattlesnakes
were coiled up iu the sun. I always
did hate a rattler, oo I poked my gun
over the edge of tho rock and let drive.
Right thar I made a mistake. We
ought to have skipped out and let
them snakes sleep. Tho moment I
fired, two of them, for I only killed
oue, twisted and rattled, and colled up
ready to fight. If they had been the
only ones we would have laughed, but
you see the old rock basin was plum
full of tho pizen critters. We wore
right in tho middle of a rattlesnakes1
don. Those two made their rattles
fairly whiz, till every snake in the place
was crawling out of the cracks in the
rock. If you hear mo toll it, we were
iu a fix. We could not iMn, and thar
wore too many snakes' to fight. It
were lucky for us that '%ic little trail
was the only place wliar they could
reach the top of the rock.
•We kept still a minute, thinking
maybe they would go back, but it was
no "use. They were spilin' for a fight,
and seemed to know they had us iu a
box. They could see us right above
'em, and that riled 'em madder than
"They didn't wait more than a min-
ute or two till they started up that lit-
tle trail. Just how many of the blamed
snakes thar were I have no idea. I
reckoned about a thousand, but Bob
always stuck to it thar were a round
"Our guns were double - barreled
breech-loaders, and most of our car-
tridges were filled with buckshot. The
snakes were so thick that we killed
from ono to hal * a do/, n at each
lire. We managed lor a I imo to keep
the little trail near, but they kept a
coming faster and faster. We killed
'em by tho bushel, and if we could
have made the pizen things into ilo and
sold it at 5 cents a gallon, wo could
have made a pile of mom y.
-\Y.- were mightily beared for fear
they would find a war up through the
hilT !•" L itself, and i.< pi watch all the
time. If our cartri ! < hold out
long enough we could .-.Laud 'cm off.
but'we had to shoot livolv. and Ljtf
would soon ruu short. The
rockv bottom ^ is plum full of them
wrig'irli"-. rattling, squirming snakes.
We didn't have a drop «1 anti-snake
hit., w iii. us. Had drank il all up long
bofoiv. What was woi'sc, it was a
tr0nd live miles up the mountain to the
neal"'' place wha any c >uld begot.
\Y' were shaky in our knees, for
the smell of them snakes made us
sick. lb cUou you think we were
scared. 1'. > was no slouch at light-
ing anything in the woods; and. stran-
ger. I never iurued back from the big-
|y in the mountains? but
right then wo would have beeu mighty
glad to have got away.
"Our cartridges were running low.
We made up our minds that we would
have to take chances of running right
across that lot of pizen rattlers. It
w as a desperate case, but we had big,
thick boots ou. aud might get through.
"Bob gave a groan when the last
shot went. 'We've got to chance it
uow." said he.
"We grabbed our guns so as to use
them as clubs. Than we walked down
the rock a little bit, and looked down
among the snakes. I tell you, stranger
it were like going right down into hell.
Thcsnakes wriggled and twisted,coiled
up and rattled till the air fairly whiz-
"Thar is many a thing iu the woods
that sounds like the rattle of a snake.
Sometimes it's a leaf, it may bo a little
stick, or some dry seeds in a small pod.
You jump for a minute, and then
laugh to think how easy you got sold.
But when you hear a genuine rattle
from a snake that is mad, you will
never mistake it. It will come .nearer,
waking ;l ftoair mTrTT-TTTMl It UTTOflir oT
bottled lighting. Thar is not a beast
nor a bird but will get out of the way
uick as a man.
as <|iucK .js
' V ust as we shut our teeth and gripped
our guns for a start, Bob caught mo
by the arm and cried, "Wait a bit.'
Then he run to tho top of the rock and
yelled, 'Come here, (live me a hist,'
says he, as I reached him. *1 think I
cau reach that oak limb.'
"The limb of a big oak came down
over the top of the rock, and this Bob
could just reach by my holding him up
as high as ! could. He grabbed tho
limb and climbed up a little, and that,
brought it dowu so 1 could got hold
We were none too quick, for the
blamed Miakes WON crawling up
mighty lively, and I had to kick one
of 'em away from me as I swung off
on the llml). We climbed that limb
and got down tho troo in loss than no
time, and struck off up the mountain.
We never stopped till we reached tho
Alouutain Spring Home, whar wc got
a drink of old rye, for fear we might
have been bit.
"I reckon them gnus and blankets
aro down thar yet, for we never went
back for'em. It was a mighty close
call for us, stranger; and that was how
tliev come to call me Kattlosnake Jim."
--Overland Mont hi it.
Tigers are dying out iu India
Ing a recent e.vuedUiw oub' *ix were
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Brown, E. E. Oklahoma Daily Journal (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 218, Ed. 1 Friday, June 12, 1891, newspaper, June 12, 1891; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc93314/m1/4/: accessed October 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.