The Shawnee Daily News-Herald (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 189, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 1, 1917, newspaper, February 1, 1917; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc92724/m1/1/: accessed February 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .