The Shawnee Daily News-Herald (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 189, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 1, 1917 Page: 1 of 4
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THE SHAWNEE DAILY NEWS - HEK\4LD
REGULAR AFTERNOON ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTS, EXCLUSIVE IN POTTAWATOMIE COUNTY
SHAWNEE, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 1, 1!)1/
N1' M HER 189.
Washington Remains Silent on International
Crisis Resulting irom Germany's Threat
Mill 3 PER Iffll ftHKEATO
on mi. HOB
C9MHENT REFUSED BY BOTH
PRESIDENT AflB SEC. LANSING
By Associated Press. ,
Washington, Feb. 1—After an hour s conference be-
tween President Wilson and Secretary Lansing it became
known today that the German situation is viev/ed with ex-
treme gravity and the government has already begun to for-
mulate definite stei>s. It was regarded as not improbable that
some action has already been taken but of what nature can-
not be forecasted. ± ...
There were indications that no announcements would be
made until steps had been taken through the navy depart-
ment and the treasury for safeguarding Amercan ports ana
other interests. , , . , ,
Senator Hitchcock, democratic member of the senate for-
eign relations committee, was at the White House today bill
said he did not discuss the submarine question.
Passports for Von Bernstroff, orders for recall of Gerard,
solemn warnings to Berlin that breach of her pledges means
severance of diplomatic relations or tense waiting tor an
overt act which would sweep aside diplomacy and bring the
American government to the point of action were among the
contingencies that filled the situation today.
President Wilson conferred with Col. E. M. House, his
friend and adviser, who was hurriedly, summoned from New.
After conferring with President Wilson for an hour Sec.
Lansing refused flatly to make any .statement or indicate
what action had been decided on.
Following the confcrence between President wilson and
Secretary Lansing, the opinion became prevalent in official
quarters that a break was inevitable though it was thought
probable an ultimatum or warning would precede definite
The view was taken widely in offici?.l quarters that the
United States could not let the situation remain unchallenged.
By Associated Press.
' Berlin Feb. 1.—Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg and oth-
er leaders attended an important meeting of the ways and
means committee of the reichstag at which the whole ques-
tion of the war was gone over. The chancellor opened the
meeting with a speech of which the keynote words were.
"We have been clialTenged to fight to the end. We ac-
cept the challenge; we stake everything and we shall be vic-
torious." , , x C 4-1
The chancellor wa3 followed bv the secretary of state,
who -spoke of the situation from the technical, military and
naval viewpoint. After the ministers had spoken, the com-
mittee went into an executive session at which speeches were
made by different party leaders.
♦ PRESAGES WAR!
By Associated Press. *
Charleston. S. C., Feb. 1.— ♦
♦ The German freighter Lieben- ♦
♦ fels of the Hansa line began ♦
♦ sinking slowly at 9 o'clock ♦
♦ today and marine men be- ♦
■f lieved she had been scuttled. ♦
•f This belief seemed to be borne ♦
♦ .out by the fact that the cap- *
♦ tain declined the aid of tugs. +
♦ - ♦♦♦♦♦♦■ *■•♦< ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
t!Five-Year-Olcl Boy Pilots His Blind Father,
♦j a Member of Congress, 2,400 Miles
tioned frequently in dispatches pass-
ing tho censor.
Informtaion received yesterday,
however, shows that a very careful
campaign for the equal use of sea
forces has been under way recently
It has been urged as essential to
Germany's existence and it is report-
ed that it would be impossible now
for President Wilson to get the
American people behind him in a dec-
laration of war. Congress was rep-
resented as opposed to war.
Ready For Rupture.
Germany, according to information
received here, declares that her ac-
tion may result in a break of rela-
tions but Berlin officials are prepared
for the rupture. They were repre-
sented as feeling that the only other
steps tfpen to the United States are
the calling of a conference of neu-
tral nations to end the blockade or
the taking of some step which speed-
ily would result in peace.
Information received from the
same source is that Admiral von Tir-
pitz of his followers had absolutely
nothing to do with the new policy.
By Associated l'resw.
Berlin, Feb. 1.—(By Wireless to
Sayville)—The note which was hand-
ed to James W. Gerard, the American
"Your excellency had the kindness
to communicate on the 22nd of this
month the message which the presi-
dent of the United States on the same
day addressed to the American senate.
The imperial German government
took knowledge of the contents of the
message with that earnest attention
which is becoming to the explanation
MAKES COMPARISON WITH OTH-
ER LINES OK Bl SIN ESS.
Calculations by Campbell Russell in
Deieuse oi Law on i'roduc-
duct ion Values.
Zero weather struck Shawnee n+
I night, the government thermoweu
I registering i below at 8 o'c*ock l.
Oklahoma City, Feb. 1.—To meet moming. The skies remained cica
the demand by oil men that the pres- but an icy wind from the north ma
ent 3 percent gross production tax j coiKiitlons disagreeable all day. i .
reduced as unreasonably high in weather did not moderate as the
omparison with other taxes in Okla-
higher, and the bitter cold rt
com pan mi wuii uun-i iuaio "• ruse ingnur, unu mc uiuui ^
homa has been a comparatively easy niained in force all day long,
matter for some persons who are tie-1 water department this
Mx xisil lj£
; T; i
s * Q
•partment this mo.
ing received tho usual number
calls to replace frozen and bui>.
meters and shut off water where p.,
■ had frozen and cracked, as many p
ber of the corporation commission of s011a apparently failed to heed
fending the tax. One of the deep stu-1
dents or taxing problems who has
delved into the revenue question from
all sides is Campbell Russell, mem-
prior to( warning of the approaching blizza
a member | jar as has been reported to
police, there was little actual su.
In most parts-
.ity the gas pressure remain
good in spito of tho heavy consu...
Oklahoma. Mr. Russell
this time, for several y
of the state senate. He conceived
y per cent gross production tax to jng from the cold.
be low. In order to ascertain the I th
facts he nule some calculations g0w. ... ..... .
based upon tho producion values of I tion, most of the consumers burn
other lines of business in Oklahoma.: their stoves all night long, though
Production values are taken for
of the president, inspired by his sense. jcb feu to
P7Tr-xi-v. a: .;: "ic-.-fA'Cil ' ■ ■■*■■> ..
' U'hen ncnrownfatlve ScKSn "oil to Minnesota and return without a
wwm lirpiescirai. hi J mishap. When they sat down to
Minnesota dec idea to g dinner in a dining car or hotel the
home from Washington during the I gpeuefl out the bill of faro like,
holidays he needed some one to: ' S-T-E-A-K 7-5f" and the father
guide him, because he is blind. The | kneg^that meant 75 cents. When
five-year-old son the father received change the boy
! law of freedom
Bj Associated Press.
Washington. Feb. 1.—Germany has
declared unrestricted submarine war-,
A starvation blockade of England,
the like of which the world never has
seen, was announced to the world in
notes delivered to American Minister
Gerard In Berlin and to the state de-
partment here by Count von Bern- j
Thus begins the long feared eam-l
palgn of ruthlessness conceived by
von Hindenburg. which is expected j
to take 011 a magnitude never even
contemplated by von Tirpitz.
Again the United States faces sever-
ance of diplomatic relations with all j
its eventual possibilities. President
"Wilson's repeated w.arnings of a
world afire" and Secretary Lansing's
"verge of war" statement are being]
recalled in the capital with feelings
of apprehension and misgiving ;
I iiTfed States Fares Super-Crisis, j
Germany's action is the super-crisis
of all those that have stirred the j
American government in two and a.
lialf years of world war. .
Peace and means of preserving
peace have gone glimmering. Presi-
dent Wilson, Incredulous at first
when the unofficial text of Germany's
warning was brought to him. at once
called for the official document which
had Just been presented to 8 cretary
Lansing by the German ambassador.
Mr. Lansing refused absolutely to
make a comment.
The president has the task of de-
ciding what shall be tho course of the
United States. Three immediate step
appear among the possibilities. The
Vnlted States .might solemnly warn
Herman? against violation of herl
pledges. It might be decided that the
German warning Is sufficient notic"
of an Intention to dlregard those
pledges and a sufficient warrant for;
breaking off of diplomatic relations:
it might bo decided to await the re-1
suits of the blockade to determine
the courso of the United States if the
actual operations develop.
Predicts War Will Ind Within Month.
On almost every side, Germany's
drastic action is interpreted as a con-
fession of the effectiveness of the
British food blockade. It Is regarded
as n determination to strike back In
German officials estimate the food
supply on the British isles will last
Admittedly tho plan Is to carry star-
of responsibility. . - . -
"It affords her great satisfaction to i read nor writ
fctate that the general lines of this 1
remarkable manifestation in the wid-
est sense agree with the principles
and wishes of Germany and her al
lies. To these belong in the firs
place the right of self-goVernment not touch tne mmia
and the equal of all nations. Recog- adversary, but which Wi
nizlng this principle Germany would and children, the
Thomas D.. Jr. The boy can neither 1 called off to him the figures on bills
vet he took the father and coin.
if the seas. The Brit-
,U persists in its war
of starvation, which certainly does
igth of its
vation to the doors of England, by
such staggering strokes as a fulfill-
ment of Germany's announced deter-
mination to use every weapon and
agency at her command to end the
war quickly. a
She counts on the operations of an
unheard-of number of submarines to
deliver blows to bring England to her
knees within sixty days. One offic-
ial here predicted to lay the war
would be over in a month.
Conveyed to the world, as her an-
swer to the refusal of the entente, al-
lies to talk peace, Germany's latest
"From Feb. 1, 1917, within barred
zones around Great Britain, France,
Italy and in tho eastern Mediterran-
ean all sea triffic forthwith, will bo
Renewal ami Extension of Blockade.
It virtually is a renewal and an
extension of the celebrated blockade
of the British isles proclaimed on
Feb. 4, 1015. and which became effec-
tive Feb. 18, 193 5. Under it ships
: were sunk without warning until
! Germany abandoned tho practice and
j pave her assurances, in the Sussex
I case, to abide by international law.
! The Lusitania, Falaba and scores of
other ships were sunk under the de-
i American citizens and American
! i.hips are warned from entering the
j war zones, although certain precau-i
! tionary measures aro suggested for;
| distinguishing American steamers not!
! carrying contraband according to thej
I German list. These conditions in al- j
most the same form were rejected I
when proposed by Germany early in <
the negotiations over the Lusitania.
At that time, Germany proposed to j
guarantee immunity from attack to
certain specified passenger ships sail-J
ing on prescribed courses with agreed
distinguishing marks and carrying no i
i contraband. President Wilson re- j
| jot ted the proposal promptly on the
| ground that the United States was
contending only for ?ts rights.
Not« t omes us Staggering Surprise.
Tho development comes as a stag-
j grring surprise. For weeks inspired,
authoritative and almost semi-offic-
ial statements have been coming from
Berlin indicating an absolute decision
not to resume unrestricted submarine
I v. arfare. The complete agreement of
I tho emoeror, Chancellor von Beth-
1 mann Hollweg, General con Hlnden-
, burg, and General von Ludendorff.
the four men in whose hands Ger-
many's destiny lies, has been men-
gladly welcome such nations as Ire-j sons t
land and India, which do not enjoy their country's .<•
the blessings of an independent state, ing the nationa
and should now obtain liberty. "Thus British
Freedom of Seas First Demand. I blood accentuate
"Alliances which drive nations into world without i
competition for hegemony and incur , mand of humanitj
e, which a
ard for ev
iu0m towards any selfish intrigu*
aro likewise refused by the German
people. On the other hand, it is en-
thusiastic for co-operation in all en-
deavors Which aim at the preventfoA
of future wars. The freedom of the
teas as a preliminary condition for
free and peaceful intercourse be-
tween nations as well as the open
door for trade always have been guid-
iug principles of German policy.
Live in Peace With Neighbors.
"Germany, in the peace to be con-
cluded with Belgium, merely wanted
to take precautionary measures so
that that country, with which tho
imperial government wishes to live iri
good neighborly relations, *could not j
bo exploited by adversaries for the
promotion of hostile attempts. Such
a precaution is all the more urgently
needed, since hostile persons in pow-
er in repeated speeches and specially
in the resolutions of the paris eco-
nomic conference, declared their un-
veiled intention even after the restor-
ation of peace, to not want to recog-
nize Germany as equal or right, but
rather to continue to fight in sys-
"The attempt of the four allied
powers to bring about peace failed on
account of tho lust for conquest of
their adversaries who do not want
peace. Under the pretext of the prin-
ciple of nationalities they unveiled as
their war aims opposition to and dis-
' honor for Germany, Austria-Hungary.
Turkey and Bulgaria. To our desire
; for reconciliation they opposed their
1 will. They want to fight to the last.
(. rinany Forced to New Beclslonn.
j "Thus a now situation has sprung.
up, which forces Germany also to i
i new decisions. For two years and a!
I half England adopted political and
naval measures in a critical attempt
| to force Germany and Austria-Hun-
| gary to subjection. Brutally, despite
1 the laws of nations, the group of pov
I ers marshalled by England not
(CONTINUED ON PACK THREE)
\v ti.i, stlit i t siT.crs.A'ios:
(IN HIS WW ill I.F.Ali ((I
^ POUT OPENS. ♦
. By Associated Press. ♦
♦ xew Yorlt, Feb. 1.—After be- ♦
ing sealed all night by a cor- *
•f don of destroyers and coast ♦
♦ guard patrol boats the port of +
♦ New York was today opened ♦
4- to all incoming and outgoing ♦
+ shipping. The stand taken by ♦
+ tho collector of the port was ♦
♦ that ships could sail at their ♦
« own risk. *
+ + i + + + + + + + +
LOCAL II1UII SCHOOL FIVE CON
TENDERS FOR CONFERENCE
the reason that the tax on oil is on
the gross production and in lieu of
all other taxes. In other words, tho
oil man pays no ad valorem tax on
tho value of his lease, on the machin-
ery at his well or on anything at all
except the value of the oil as it is
produced from day to day. This tax
used to be 2 per cent. The fifth leg-
islature made it .1 per cent of the
. gross value.
(irons Value *228,000,000.
' A calculation, based upon the valuo
1 of farm products for the year 15)16,
. shows a gross value of $223,000,000.
Tho taxes paid by tho farmers <>£ Ok-
1 lahoma on the ad valorem basis for
1915 amounted to 4V& per cent of this
gross value of farm products. Tho
gross value of farm products for 1915
in Oklahoma was shown by reports
to be $16:1,000,000. Mr. Russell add-
ed to this tho value of unmarketable
products, such as stalk fields for
pasture and similar items, making the
total $177,500,000. The rate of taxes
paid by the farmers that year, based
upon this gross production value,
amounted to 5.02 per cent.
Further investigation of the tax
problem figured on a gross produc-
tion basis by Mr. Kussel lshowed that
the banks of Oklahoma have been
paying a sum equal to 6.~
their gross production. But the banks |
earned a net revenue in 1916 of bet-
ter than 14 per cent, according to tho
Russell figures, while the farmers
earned a net return of 3.6 per cent.
The railroads paid taxes in 1916 to
the amount of 6.6 per cent on their
Comparison With Other Lines.
The conclusion reached, according
to these figures, is that the gross
f o per cent on oil is
compared with other
>n with farm values
is. of course, most interesting. It .s
tho comparison that tho oil men are
the outskirts of the city and on
I east side, where the mains are
; large enough to carry an adecju
supply, tho pressure was low. M t
ager Thompson stated this morr.
that the east end mains were put
hit a time, apparently, when not nn
development in that section was ev
j pected, and when natural gas w
j brought to the city, the mains be •
then under the pavement, were i
I changed. The east side systei
however, will be rebuilt this ye.
pipe having been already purchas-
I for this purpose.
Low <«un Pressure at Ok. City.
No ioar iB being felt or any gas
shortage during the present cold
wave, so tar as domestic consumers
are concerned, according to C. ti.
Thompson, manager of the Gas «.v
This morning, however, Mr. Thomp
son notified the city waterworks an.
other large consumers to cut off the
I gas from their furnaces and get on
the coal. This action, Mr. Thompson
explained, was made necessary by cor.
ditions at Oklahoma City, where 1
early afternoon tho pressure had
dropped to 35 pounds. The pressure
at Shawnee at the same time was 1. 1
not too high, v
lines of busine
(trying to meet, in order t
their contention for lower gro
pounds, but local heavy consume)
Miauuiiia ..u.v, were shut off, so as to afford a bet
ijual to 6.3 per cent of! ter supply for the domestic consum
■ " " ' 4l" 1—>' 1 ers at Oklahoma City, where thei*
was some fear for the comfort of ti:
Great quantities of mush ice a1
floating down the rived today and t.
surface of the stream is fringed \
a coating or ice extending seven
feet rrom the banks. Water Comn
sioner Moon had to resort to the "i
water treatment" at the waterwork
this morning to eliminate the ice
sucked in with the water.
Not many more hours of the pres-
ent temperature will be required to
freeze over the ponds in the suburbs,
ho as to make skating good and safe,
It Is said.
Trains Run Late.
Most of the trains entering ami
leaving the city are lato today, the
The high school basket ball team
j accompanied by coach ( rosier left
I this morning* for Chickasha where
vili play tonight and tomorrow
Shawnee is Justly proud of tho
in. ouanii'-' - • «' . i !• arnu i ^
Did the S. h. S. team is making Panker8
i season and those who enjoy clean i jtajjroa(js
.. 11 havn mii(lf) H tni«- ....
used in this connection
ate. tho comparison is
gross production taxes
figures that are being I result of the severe weather.
snappy gasket ball have made a mis-1 01[ [jro(lu
talte by not attending the games pla>-|
ed on the home court.
in Intor-scholastlc contests Okla-
homa City has always prven Shaw-
nee's most formidable opponent and
the present standing of the teams in
■onference, Indicate that this sea-.
basket ball will prove no excep-
Oklahoma City now leads with
i games to her credit, out of
eight played; Shawnee a close second.
six played, five won; El Kono, six |
played, one won; Kuid, six played.
The locals will meet Oklahoma City
at Oklahoma City Thursday afternoon
v 11.1. H.OYII SHOT TO !>i:\Tll BY *
JOHN H,OYI> SOKT1I 01
(The COOBtjr attorney's office and ♦
iherff are investigating the killing j
are Inarcur-1 0n tho Rock Island was more thai!
follows, :n an hour late, waiting for the east
j end connection, and the Katy south
Pet. was 20 minutes late.
0.3 Zero at OKUfcMM • ''>•
6.6 i Special to Ncns-llerald.
3 I Oklahoma- City, Feb. 1.—This city
j experienced the coldest weather of
tho year today when tho thermom-
eter stood at zero at 8 o'clock.
and Friday night of next week. A j at a farmhouse north of Karlsboro,
number of fans with pleasant recol- Tuesday morning at 7 o'clock of Will |
•tions of S. H. S's. victory in thej Floyd, alias John Williams, negro.
an ex-convict, by
football game at Oklahoma City last purported to b<
' i. .. I .. ..!*W. in rm iXXTLiV fit!* it t i fnlll, Tt'lfi. I II K'
the "leak'' inven
committee of th<
only | light ha
Wllborn, Meeks, Johnston (captain).
Winslow, Brown, Lovelace and Cade.
, th. star figure in
iration by the rules
House of Kcpresen-
t tie fact that the
lining 011 Thomas W.
prohibits legitimate trade of Its ad- Lawson of Bp-ion. is her'1 shown In
vcrsarles. By reckless pressure even Washington hurrying to tho meeting
oil neutral states. It slops all trade of tho committee.
relations agreeable to It or forces , —
them to limit all trade according to COM KIM' AT O. II. I.
its orderst. j The voice, piano and dramatic art
"The American nation knows the departments of tho Oklahoma Baptist.
means taken In order to move Eng- University will give a recital at til" basketball this winter, and th.re
land and her allies to return to the I University Friday evening at S: 15 should bo a large attendance this eve-
laws of uations and to respect the o'clock, to which tho public is invited, ping-
planing to go over for at John Floyd, also a negro. Three shots
least one or the games. The return were fired into Floyd's body from a
games will be played in Shawnee the ; 43 j aliber siMshooterer. John Kloyd
following v/ei-i*. I o'clock Thursday . and Mrs. Will Floyd are under urre ^
;ifi noon a&4 T :10 Friday night. I and aro being held I11 the county Jail + +
Tho following went to Chickasha; | at Tecumseh. , _ |
TO lilt A VK DANGER,
llj Associated Press.
New York, Feb. 1.—The
American Line steamer St.
Louis will sail Saturday as
scheduled and 110 effort will
he made to paint the ship in
conformity with the regula-
tions prescribed by tho Her-
man government as a guaran-
tee for the safety of vessels
flying the American flag, ac-
cording to announcements to-
day by officials of the Inter-
national Mercantile Marine,
which controls the American
0.11. I'. vs. Kingfisher.
Shawnee will get to see some real j that Will Floyd wa
classy playing this evening when O. an ex-convict,
B. U. meets Kingfisher at the 0. B. U.
gymnasium. The University hoys
have given some fine exhibitions of
The two families, though not relat-
ed, lived in the same house. The kill-
ing is said to have resulted from |
family troubles. John Floyd declares j-
bad man" and*
SPAHRIIX ( tsl; WltT.
San Angelo, Tex., Feb. 1.—The case
of H. J. Spanell, 011 trail for a week,
was given to the jury at 12:L> p. m.
1,1 IK I'ROHK AIMOI'llNS.
♦ 11 y Associated l'ress.
♦ New York. Feb. 1—Mem-
♦ hers of the leak committee be-
♦ fore convening today said that
♦ because of the international
♦- situation they probably would
♦ close hearings today and re-
turn to Washington.
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The Shawnee Daily News-Herald (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 189, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 1, 1917, newspaper, February 1, 1917; Shawnee, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc92724/m1/1/: accessed October 26, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.