The Lincoln County Journal (Stroud, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 31, Ed. 1 Friday, October 15, 1909 Page: 3 of 8
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HEHE comes from Boston the suggestion that
the Free Masons of the world shall subscribe to
a fund for the rebuilding of the temple of Sol-
omon at Jerusalem. With the suggestion comes
the remark that the undertaking would be an
enormous one, and that it would cost a vast
sum of money. This is obviously true, but it is
highly improbable that those with whom the
scheme originated have really counted the cost.
That some idea of the magnitude of the pro-
posed work may be gained the comparatively
few figures that can reasonably be given will
be found below, together with many facts that
further emphasize the gigantic sum which it would be nec-
essary to collect before the great building could be rebuilt.
Tho Interest of Free Masons in the temple is explained
by the fact that they believe that their order was founded
by King Solomon, and that he was the first grand master
of tho craft. There is not only the question of ways aud
means to be considered. The site originally
occupied by the temple is now tilled by the
THE HOLY HOUHE OF <60L0HOH^ TEMPLE
“the noble sanctu-
ary," which to the
Moslems is only less
sacred than Mecca
and Medina, for it is
believed to cover
the rock that is re-
garded by them as
the center of the
earth, the place from
which M a h o in e t
started when he vis-
ited heaven. There-
fore it is obvious
that any attempt to
interfere with the
present condition of
things would in all
about the greatest
religious war the
world has ever
Solomon asked Hiram, king of Tyre, to
help him in the construction of the temple,
and desired him to send some of his subjects
with his own to Mount Lebanon to cut down
timber, "for the Sidonians are more skillful
than our people in cutting of wood.” He also
offered to pay the woodcutters whatever price
Hiram fixed. Hiram replied that he would
be subservient to Solomon in all the things,
and have many large trees of cedar and cy-
press wood cut down, and would send them by
sea in floats to the place appointed for them
to be delivered, so that they might be taken
to Jerusalem. In consideration of this service
Solomon sent Hiram annually 20.U00 cori of
wheat, the same of barley, and as many
"baths" of oil and of wine. The quantity of
wheat and barley was each equivalent to
1,600,000 gallons, or 200,000 bushels; while the
quantity of oil and wine was each equivalent
to 160,000 gallons. The latter would therefore
be equal to about 3,500 hogsheads.
Solomon raised a levy of 30.000 men to cut
timber. They were divided into three shifts.
Ten thousand went to Mount Lebanon for
one month and were two months at home
There were 70.000 men who carried the stones,
and there were 80,000 stone cutters in the
mountains. These men had 3,300 foremen
Stone cutters quarried enormous blocks, sev-
eral cubits each way, for the foundations and
fitted them together before they were taken
to Jerusalem. In this work they were aided
by workmen sent by lilram
There is no special record of the men Hi-
ram furnished unless they are included in the
above which "Solomon had in the mountains"
U Kings v. 15). It is not known how many
men were engaged in the actual building of
the temple. There is a tradition that Solomon
was helped by "demons,” for which reason
not a sound of building operations was heard
in Jerusalem during the time that the con-
struction of the temple lasted.
Cost of the Labor.
If the men of the king’s levy had ar eight-
hour day at 16 vents au hour. tho weekl/ wage
bill was approx-
and the total
for this class of
three years was
There is no
record of the
and 80,000 be-
ing worked in
shifts. At the
same rate, the
wage bill of
the 70,000 bur-
$560,000 a week
for three years.
the same rate
of wages, the
weekly bill was
for the three
This does not
wages of the
under story was five cubits hroad, tht
mjddle was six cubits, the top seven cu-
bits. The height of each story from floor
to ceiling was five cubits (7Ms feet). The
number of side chambers is not stated
in Kings, but Ezekiel gives it at 30 (or
33) for each story. They were small,
used for the storage of temple furniture,
etc The temple was surrounded by a
court—“the inne# court.” This was sur-
runded by a wall of three courses of hewn
stone surmounted by a course of cedar
beams. The entire citadel was inclosed
by the great court.
The building w*as 60 cubits long, 20 cu-
bits wide and 30 cubits high. The temple
was divided into two portions—the main
building, "the house of God," and the sub-
sidiary buildings by which it was sur-
rounded. The main building was rectangu-
lar in shape—60 cubits long. 20 cubits
broad and 30 cubits high. Taking the cu-
bit at 18 inches—90 feet, 30 feet and' 45
feet respectively. The building lay east
and west, with entrance from east. The
walls, according to Ezekiel, were six cu-
bits thick (nine feet to ten feet). On the
second story they were 5% euhits. and on
the third story five cubits, and above the
upper story four cubits.
The Holy House of the Temple.
The accompanying photograph of the
- MOhCL Of
Explanation of Diagram
Bridge crossing Tyro-
House of Forest
—(1 Kings. 7:2-20.)
Judgment hall In
which was the throne
of tho king.
Outer temple porches,
with the gates running
round all sides and
forming a square.
Outer court, or Court
of tlie Gentiles.
Tw’elve steps leading
. Chel. Terrace with
openings between the
posts, and inscriptions
that no Gentile should
Building with three
wings and three stor-
12. Middle court.
111. Fifteen steps to the
High gate (14): on the
steps "The Psalm of
Degrees" (Psalms 120-
134) was chanted.
14. The High gate.
15. The Inner court, di-
vided Into tlie Court of
the Israelites and the
Court of tlie Priests.
16. The two pillars —
Jachln and Boaz—(1
Kings, 7:15) in front
of the porch.
17. The temple proper.
18. Middle Tower.
19. The House of Millo.—
(2 Kings. 22:20.)
20. Part of the paluce.
21. Stables, as conjectured
by some authorities,
or more probably
stalls for beasts to be
used for burnt offer-
3,300 foremen or the salary of Adoniram, who
was over the king’s levy of 30,000 men. As-
suming each foreman to receive $10 a week,
the bill was $33,000 a week for three years,
The total wages for all w’orkmen included
in the above list for three years would be
The bearers of burdens would be required
to haul the materials to Jerusalem during the
building. If the whole 70,000 were employed
dining the four years the cost would be $119,-
If (he 80,000 hewers were likewise em-
ployed tlie cost would be $133,120,000.
If the 30,000 men were employed as before
in 10,000 men shifts the cost would be $16,640.-
000. making a grand total for labor of $226,-
This takes no account of the carvers, gild-
ers, artists, workers in precious stones, mak-
ers of priestly garments, or cost of materials.
As there was not the slightest data on which
to base any calculations, it would be useless
to attempt to guess at the money needed for
The Site of the Temple.
King Solomon’s temple was built on the
site prepared for it by David, the threshing-
floor of tlie Jebusite Oman, on Mount Moriah.
The area inclosed by the outer walls covered
about 25 acres of ground. After Solomon’s
temple was destroyed Zerubbabel’s was built
on its site. Later. Herod erected his temple
on the same site, but enlarged the boundaries.
After the destruction of this, Hadrian built
the temple of Jupiter on the same site and
later Justinian built his church on the spot.
The site is now occupied by the Great Mosque.
Solomon’s temple was begun in the fourth
year of the king’s reign, 592 years after the
exodus from Egypt, 3,102 years from the crea-
tion of Adam. It was finished in tlie eleventh
year of Solomon’s reign.
On the three sides, north, west and south,
the temple was surrounded by a side building
in three stories containing side chimbers. The
holy house of king Solomon’s temple, which
is from a model made by Mr. J. M. Tenz, rep-
resents (he exterior of tlie porch of the temple
with the two great pillars, Jachln and Boaz.
the former on the right and the latter on the
left side of the doorway. The meaning of Ja-
chin is “to establish” and that of Boaz "in
strength." The porch itself, according to the
description in 2 Chronicles 3:3 and 4. was 20
cubits broad and 120 cubits high, while the
height of the two brass pillars with their
chapiters was 23 cubits, so that the porch was
rather more than five times the height of the
pillars. This proportion, it will be observed,
has not been maintained in the model, which
makes the height of the porch only about four
times that of the pillars. In the court, which,
from its name, was reserved for the priests,
may be seen the great altar of brass, which
was 20 cubits long, 20 cubits broad and 10
cubits high, with steps leading to it. On the
left hand side of the court is the molten sea,
w'hieh was "set on the right side, of the east
over against the south” and stood on 12 brazen
oxen. It was probably furnished with water
by an elaborate system of pipes, which, how-
ever, are not mentioned in the Bible. In the
court, too, will be seen the 10 la vers, each of
which stood on a brass base, elaborately orna-
mented and furnished with wheels, by means
of which it could easily be takcqi to any part
of the court in order that the water might be
used for washing "such things as they offered,
for the burnt offering.” The water in the
la vers w as also, probably, used for the pur-
pose of washing down the altar after the sacri-
fices had been offered, the bodies of the ani-
mals for which are observed on the right-hand
side of the photograph, where, too, may be
seen the tables on which tlie various portions
of the animals were laid in order to be cut up.
In the court of the priests, too, will be noticed
the priests concerned in the musical part of
the service. Tlie musical instruments used
lor the singing of hymns were called "nablae
Hud ciuyrae” (psalteries and harps), and were
made, according to Josephus, of "electrum,"
the finest brass. Josephus gives the number
of these as 40,000; but he also gives the num-
ber of trumpets, which may also be seen being
blown by priests, as 200,000. One of the great
est modern authorities gives it as his opinion
that these numbers were grossly exaggerated
by Josephus, who, in his view, exaggerated
the number of all the appurtenances of the
temple where there is no biblical authority
from w'hieh he could not get awuy and by
which he was tied down rigorously.
Golden Ornaments and Vessels.
The golden ornaments included tho great
candlestick with seven lights, symbols of the
divine presence, seven being the number of
perfection. Ten reduced copies of this candle-
stick were made and ranged on each s*de of
the altar of incense. Besides these there were
the ark to hold the tables of tlie law, the table
for the showbread, candlesticks, censers, tongs,
snuffers, knives, extinguishers, trays, vases |
and other utensils for trimming and making
the lights and fires, in numbers unknown;
also basins, spoons, censers, entry for the i
house, inner doors of the most holy place, and
the doors of the house of the temple.
Tho molten sea was so named oa account
of its size. It stood in the southeast angle of
the court of tlie temple, was 10 cubits in diam- I
eter 115 feet), five cubits (7Vz feet) high and '
30 cubits (45 feet) in circumference. It was i
said to have been capable of containing 2,000
"baths,” or 16,010 gallons. It wa3 made of I
brass or copper captured by David from Tlb-
hath and Chun, cities of Hadarezar, king of I
There w'ere 10 lavers, quadrangular In
shape, supported on wagons four cubits long. I
four wide and three high. Each wagon stood
on four wheels, 1V& cubits In diameter. The
lavers were used for the water with which the
entrails of the beasts used for burnt offerings j
were cleaned, and also their feet. The lavers I
on the wagons came nearly up to the level of I
the great brazen altar.
”1 don’t see why you make such a
fuss over every little bHl I run up. Be-
fore we were married you told mo
you were well off.”
“So 1 was. But I didn’t know It!”
Ex-Police Commissioner Bingham of
New York said of graft at a recent
"The grafter isn’t so easily caught;
he isn’t quite so naive as an old fellow
they used to tell about in Andover.
"This old fellow was suspected of
tampering with the church collections.
A couple of clumsy traps that were
set for him failed to work. Then one
day a young deacon walked past his
house leading a new horse.
“‘That’s a fine horse, deacon/ the
old fellow shouted. ‘Did you buy him
at the fair?’
“‘Yes,’ said the deacon. Then, as
the other came nearer, he added:
“‘I bought him with my pickings
out of the collection plate.’
"The old man looked horrified.
“‘Good gracious!’ he said. ‘I’ve
often taken enough myself to buy a
bat or a pair of trousers; but, deacon,
in takin’ enough to buy a horse ain’t
ye commutin' a positive sin!’”
Poverty and Consumption.
That poverty is a friend to consump-
tion is demonstrated by some recent
German statistics, which show that of
10,000 well-to-do persons 40 annually
die of consumption: of the same num-
ber only moderately well-to-do, 66: of
the same number oi really poor, 77;
and of paupers, 97. According to John
Burns, the famous English labor lead-
er, 90 per cent, of the consumptives in
London receive charitable relief in
Origin of Word "Bible."
The word bible is derived from the
Latin name biblia, which was treated
as a singular although it comes from
the Greek neuter plural, meaning "lit-
tle books.” This Greek diminutive
was derived from kyblus, or papyrus,
the famous material on which ancient
books were written. The title "Bible”
wras first used about the middle of tin*
second Christian century in the so-
called second epistle of Clement
Settled with Perfect Satisfaction by
It’s not an easy matter to satisfy all
the members of the family at meal
time as every housewife knows.
And when the husband has dyspep-
sia and can’t eat the simplest ordinary
food without causing trouble, the food
question becomes doubly annoying.
An Illinois woman writes:
“My husband’s health was poor, he
had no appetite for anything I could
got for him, it seemed.
“He was hardly able to work, was
taking medicine continually, and as
soon as he would feel better would go
to work again only to give up in a
few weeks. He suffered severely with
“Tired of everything I had been able
to get for him to eat, one day seeing
an advertisement about Grape-Nuts, I
got some and tried it for breakfast tlie
“We all thought it was pretty good
although we had no idea of using it
regularly. But when my husband came
home at night he asked for Grape-
“It was the same next day and I
had to get it right along, because when
we would get to the table the question,
‘Have you any Grape-Nuts’ was a reg-
ular thing. So I began to buy it by
the dozen pkgs.
"My husband’s healtli began to im-
prove right along. I sometimes felt
offended when I’d make something l
thought lie would like for a change,
and still hear tlie same old question,
‘Have you any Grape-Nuts?’
“He got so well that for the last
two years he has hardly lost a day
from his work, and we are still using
Grape-Nuts.” Head the book, "The
Koad to Wellville," in pkgs. "There s
Kver refill tlie above let terf A nru
one appear* from time to time. They
lire Kouulue, true, iiml full of human
Here’s what’s next.
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Bell, F. C. The Lincoln County Journal (Stroud, Okla.), Vol. 4, No. 31, Ed. 1 Friday, October 15, 1909, newspaper, October 15, 1909; Stroud, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc925194/m1/3/: accessed December 10, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.