Luther Register. (Luther, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 2, 1920 Page: 13 of 14
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THE LUTHER REGISTER
New York Manufacturers Seek
Changed Conditions and
SAY BUSINESS IS HARMED
CALL OFF BUFFALO STRIKE | CAPONIZING SURPLUS COCKERELS
GROWS IN FAVOR WITH FARMERS
Beginning a $5,000,000 Shrine in Washington
Return to Piece Work Is One of the
Demands Made—Union Officials
Predict Fight—Question May
Generali revision of working and
wage agreements “necessitated by
business depression and a prediction of
lower prices” is sought by the Clothing
Manufacturers’ association of New
York in proposals adopted for presen-
tation to the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers’ union. Union officials, when
apprised of the employers’ demands,
said it was probable counter-proposals
would he made and the points in dis-
pute I hen submitted to arbitration.
New contracts must be drown to en-
able the clothing Industry In New
York to compete with other clothing
markets, the employers declared. They
claim the loss of business In New
York Is more severe than In any oilier
clothing center, and that wages are
fifty per cent higher there.
The demands call for a return to
the piece-work system, the right of
manufacturers to establish their own
methods of discipline and to Inst n 11
Improved machinery to reduce labor
Denial that there is a fifty per cent
wage advance in New York over other
cities was made by members of the
union, who predicted a fight against
the piece work clause.
GENERAL LABOR NEWS
The lack of coal is proving a men-
ace to industrial Europe.
The state of Texas Is planning the
building of a cement plant.
Organized carpenters In New York
city are asking for a 40-hour week.
The Sleeping Car Conductors’ union
has increased Its membership to more
The International Union of Marine
Engineers now has a membership of
more than 20.000.
Auto mechanics In Yonkers, N. Y.,
are waging a vigorous campaign to
organize every worker In that line.
Organized labor in Tucson, Ariz.,
has purchased a drug store which will
he operuted on the co-operative plan.
The average wage i>er employee of
trolley workers In Philadelphia has
been increased 185 per cent since 1010.
Japanese silk manufacturers have
decided to reduce production until the
end of the year owing to the break in
The Switchmen’s Union of North
America, from August 1. 1910, to
August 1, 1020, has organized 44 new
A minimum wage of $17.50 weekly
bas been obtained by a union agree-
ment for women laundry workers In
pulp and paper making is one of
the important industries of Canada,
representing a total capital Investment
The Japanese government Is offer-
ing financial assistance to certain in-
dustries with a view of preventing h
serious business depression.
Canada Is to have a $5,000,000
match factory which will be controlled
by four of the biggest match manu-
facturing firms in Great Britain.
An open shop policy was announced
at Boston on the second day of the
strike of union taxicab drivers by
their employers, following n meeting
of tlie directors of the Taxi Service
company, the Town Taxi company,
Cummings Bros., the Armstrong Trans-
fer company and the Fenway Garage
By a roll call vote of 1.119 to 710,
the International Association of Ma-
chinists In convention at Rochester.
N. Y.. rejected n resolution offered by
\V. N. Buttle of Washington. D. C.. to
rescind three resolutions adopted fav-
oring United States recognition of the
soviet government of Russia, opposing
any war move by the United State*
against Russia and United States aid
to Poland against Russia.
Temporarily releasing approximate-
ly 4.500 men nnd wonieu workers from
employment, the Toledo (Ohio) plants
of the Willys-Overland Automobile
company were closed down, with the
exception of a few departments en-
gaged in producing certain parts. In
making the announcement Clnrence E.
Karl, vice president of the company,
said that falling ofT In the demand for
automobiles Is the cause of temporary
curtailment of production. Under
normal conditions the company em-
ploys 14.000 men anil women. Under
<he changed conditions, less than 2,(K)0
in he at work, It was said.
Most of the ports of Greece have
♦arbors too shallow for American
K'nmers. Moreover the Corinthian
tfnal Is restricted In size.
During the first six months of the
present year the International Mold
ers’ Union of North America paid
f 103,408 to Its members in sick bene-
Great Britain Is making strenuous
efforts to catch up with the United
States In the making of motion pic-
ture films. The British Interests hope
eventually to muk** London the dis-
tributing center of the world.
The several thousand musicians In
New York have been granted a wage
Increase. Negotiations covering sev-
eral months nearly came to the break-
ing point when these rates were
rgreed to: Dramatic productions. $45
a week; musical shows. $57; bur-
lesque, vaudeville and motion picture
shows. $50 and $70.
Nine hundred of the 1.000 employees
of the Timken Roller Bearing company.
Columbus. Ohio, were laid off. The
company will not operate a night shift
because of the depression in the auto-
Clothing Workers. Out Since June 22
Last, Decide to Return to Their
Buffalo’s clothing workers’ strike j
called June 22 last, to force from the
local manufacturers an Increase In
wages nnd recognition of their union,
has ended. Striking tailors, finishers
and others who laid down their tools
lo enforce their demands, are now ap-
plying for their old Jobs.
The strike was called last June fol-
lowing the refusal of the local manu-
facturers to Increase the Buffalo scale
to the plane In existence in Rochester,
where union officials say there Is a
slight advance over Buffalo prices. The
workers also demanded recognition of
their union. Several efforts were made
to adjust the difficulties but without re-
sult. The manufacturers have recently
filled many of the strikers’ places with
nonunion workers, anil the employers
say that these workers will not he dis-
charged to tnnke room for the strik-
ers. The workers are now working
on a piecework production basis.
OTHER LABOR NOTES
Philadelphia has 10.000 manufactnr-
Swansea Is the center of the British
Pennsylvania leads In the amount
of money puld out In compensation
More than 1.700 locomotives were ,
made In the Philadelphia district dur- |
Philadelphia trade unions are plan- j
ning to have their own educational i
Philadelphia heats the world with
an annual production of 100,000.000
American newspapers are now us-
ing an average of 1,304.580 tons of
It Is calculated that 150.000 automo-
bile tires are turned out every day In
the United Stntes.
Machinery molders in Bangor. Me., ;
have established a rate of $7.20 for
an eight-hour day.
The International League of Trade ,
unions now has a membership of ,
more than 27.000.000.
During 1020 it Is estimated that no
less than 40,000.000 automobile tires
will be manufactured in the United
Blast furnace and open-henrth la-
borers constitute 'the great bulk of
the seven-day week workers In the
More than fifty per cent of the for-
eign commerce of the United States Is
now being carried In vessels flying the
For the last two months Canadian
shoe factories have been either closed
down or operating at a fraction of
their normal capacity.
Because their editorials said that
the Filipinos were not ready* for in-
dependence. linotype operators on the
Manila newspapers suspended work.
Disorders have occurred at Union,
Costn Rica, where miners are on
strike, nnd troops have been sent there,
according to advices received at San
At Winchendon. Mass., cotton mills
of N. D. White A Sons went on a
three days a week schedule beginning
Sept. 30. One thousand operatives
Inquiry into labor conditions In Rus-
sin undertaken by the international
labor office of the League of Nations j
has been completed and the findings,
which are to he made public shortly,
are in preparation.
Tlie United Typothetne of America.
I dosing ihelr annual convention, ex-
i pressed by resolution their disapproval ;
of tlie 44-hour week and approved the
continuation of the present 48-hour
week In general use In printing shops
throughout the country.
The Chicago Federation of Labor |
j held Its annual election of officers, the j
dectlon of John Fitzpatrick, presl- I
| c* nt; Oscar Nelson, vice-president: E.
| X. Nockels, recording ami eorrespond-
! cut secretary, and F. G. Hopp, finan-
cial secretary, being made by acclama-
tion. President Fitzpatrick’s re-elec- j
tlon Is for the fourteenth consecutive !
term nnd that of Secretary Nockels Is
i for the eighteenth term.
National committees, so called,
made up of employers and employees,
and Including representatives of the
ministry of labor, have been so suc-
cessful In settling labor disputes in
Belgium that they are being formed
in increasing numbers In various in-
dustries. They were very exceptional
in Belgium before tlie war. and union
labor, which at first regarded them
with distrust, now favor them.
Deep-sea longshoremen affiliated
with the international Longshoremen’s
association voted to renew their con-
tract with the shipping interests op
eratlng In North Atlantic ports. More
than 60.000 longshore workers are af-
fected by tlie vote. The union de-
mands for a twenty-five per cent wage
Increase are rellqulshed. preventing a
threatened tleup of shipping at New
York, and In Boston. Baltimore sad
More than a dozen independent
steel mill owners formed an associa-
tion In Atlantic City to resist any at-
tempt to unionize their plants.
The production of coal for the first
five months of 1020 was 247.737,273
tons, an Increase of 30.432.273 tons
over tlie first five mouths of the pre-
In Boston an eight-week campaign
for better conditions lias been won by
the Leather Workers’ union. Em-
ployers agree to a 44-hour week nnd
wage increases that range from $2.50
to $5 a week.
An experiment tried some time ago
by one of England’s large manufactur-
ing firms has brought about an In-
creased output. The new plan tried
out and found successful Is that of
allowing the men a certain time in tlie
morning and again In the afternoon
tlie privilege of smoking.
The commission to establish a basic
wage ended Its Investigation through-
out the commonwealth. With the
present cost of living the bask- wage
It fixed for Australia Is stated to be
more than $30 a week, an Increase of
wimost fifty per cent.
Canonizing the surplus cockerels is
growing In favor with poultrymen aud
some farmers in this Industry, for the
capon grows larger than the cockerel
and In addition commands u much bet-
It Is Impossible to sn.v Just bow long
the operation of caponlzlng has been
performed. It seems quite certain,
however, that the practice was famil-
iar to the Chinese more than 2.000
years ago. Later It was practiced by
tlie Greeks and Romans and through
medieval times by tlie people of mid-
dle and southern Europe. In recent
years it was Introduced Into America.
At present capons are most universal-
ly known and appreciated In France,
although the business of producing
them has advanced gradually In Amer-
ica. This industry is most Important
In that portion of the United Stntes
east of Philadelphia, though increas-
ing numbers of capons are being raised
In the middle western states on gen-
In selecting the breed best suited
for caponlzlng several factors must be
taken into consideration. Large capons
bring the best prices. Consequently,
the bneed should be large. It does not
pay to caponlze small fowls, poultry
experts of the United States depart-
ment of agriculture say. Yellow legs
and skin, ns in other classes of poul-
try. are most popular. The Plymouth
Rocks. Light Brahmas, Cochins. In-
dian Games. Lnngshans, and Wyan-
dottes are all recommended by differ-
ent producers, as are also various
crosses of these. The Orpington also
makes fine capons, but the white legs
and skin nre somewhat of a disadvan-
tage in this country.
Best Price in Winter.
In so far as the effects of the opera-
tion and the rapidity nnd ease of heal-
ing are concerned, the time of year
when the operation is performed is of
little Importance. Tlie capons seem
to recover well at any time. Certain
other considerations, however, influ-
ence the time. The age and size of tlie
cockerel are very important. As soon
ns tlie cockerels weigh one and one-
half pounds, or when two to four
cm oi orfpurib htduy for MarKei,
months old. I hey should he operated
upon. The lower age and weight Itin
its apply particularly to the American
breeds, while the higher apply to the
Asiatics. Capons are in greatest de-
mand and bring the best prices from
the Christmas season until the end of
Capons are usually kept till they are
about ten months old. At Ibis time
the market Is at Its best and the birds
have made their most profitable gains.
Tlie feeds used nnd the methods of
feeding vary greatly, mj much so, In
deed, Hint It Is futile to give specific
directions. For seveinl months after
the operation a good growing ration,
not a fattening one, Is required. It
may consist of whole grains, ground
grains, or u combination of the two, as
each feeder finds most profitable and
best suited to his locality. As with
other poultry, variety must he given
for best results. Late In the full,
when the capons have no pasture,
green feed, such as cut clover or veg-
etables, should be provided. A some-
what more fattening ration than that
required for laying hens seems to give
Free Range Desirable.
As capons are not usually marketed
before Christmas, or the first of Jan-
uary, they have to he housed during
late fall and early winter. Because of
their quiet disposition they stand
crowding quite well, nnd have been
successfully housed with only two or
three square feet of floor space to a
fowl. Free range for capons, however.
Is very desirable, ns It promotes their
continuous, rapid, and economical
growth. Tl# cost of rearing capons to
ten months of age is a big item with
present high feed prices, unless a good
range Is nMilluble.
During the last month and a half
before marketing the corn In tlie ra-
tion should be gradually Increased urt-
til the capons are on a full fattening
ration. For the Inst two or three
weeks they uiny be shut up and fed
!t» erate*. for every possible ounce at
tills stage adds lo appearnnee and
Cardinal Gibbons officiated at the laying of the cornerstone of the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Catholic
University of America, in Washington, lie Is here shown descending tlie steps from the platform. The shrine Is to
SAUCE FOR THE TURKEY|
School Children of Japan
Cranberry pickers la the hogs at
Carver and Tremont, Mass., are busily
engaged In picking the crop for Hie
coining holidays. Men nnd women
pickers earn 75 cents an hour, while
tlie children are paid 35 cents a box.
In tlie photograph an old native of
Carver Is shown at work in Hie
Horeenlng house where all the berries
SHE IS A JUDGE
KITCHEN WASTE GOOD
FOR BACKYARD FLOCK
Converted Into Wholesome and
Not Only Helps is Reducing Cost of
Living, but Furnishes Eggs of
Quality and Freshness Dif-
ficult tc Obtain.
In every household, no matter how
economica! tlie housewife, t*icre is a
certain a*noi«nt of table scraps and
kitchen waste which has feeding
value, but which, if not fed, finds its
way into the garbage pull.
Poultry is the only class of domes-
tic animals suitable for converting
this waste material, right where it Is
produced in the city, into wholesome
and nutritious food In the form of
eggs and poultry moot.
Kach hen In her pullet year should
produce ten dozen eggs, poultry spe-
cialists of tlie United Slates depart-
ment of agriculture say. The average
size of the backyard flock should he
at least ten hens. Tims, each flock
would produce In a year 100 dozen of
eggs, which, at the conservative value
of 35 cents a dozen, would be worth
By keeping? a backyard poultry flock
tlie famPy would not only help in re-
ducing the cost of living but would
Pave eggs of a quality ami freshness
often otherwise difficult to obtain.
Remember that eggs produced by
the backyard flock cost very little, ns
the fowls are fed largely upon waste
| LESS VEGETABLE SEED CROPS
Reductions Range From 88 Per Cent
for Spinach to 12 for Lettuce—
The production of practically all
small vegetable seed crops will he
considerably less tills year than In
1010 or 1018, according to reports re-
ceived by the bureau of markets.
United States department of agricul-
ture. The reductions range from 88
per cent for spinneh to 12 per cent for
lettuce. Increases arc shown for gar-
den pole beans, garden peas, and
A slightly larger production than last
year of the early crop of alfalfa seed
In the Southwest Is Indicated. Due to
smaller acreage and lighter yield per
afre n production of timothy seed of
approximately 80 per cent of last year
A picturesque gathering of Japanese children waiting to be admitted at
one of the primary schools in Tokyo. The little scholars are almost patheti-
cally alike in dress and appearnnee. Most of them are wearing the typically
Japanese print gown, although here and there may he discerned a more elab-
orate robe. The little hoys have their heatup closely shaved.
Boy Scouts in Bolivian Mountains
- ; * .
MAN WITH SCRUB PUREBREDS
Mistake for Farmer to Think He Can
Let Horses. Cattle, Etc., Shift
The one who thinks all he needs to
do to acquire fame and wealth Is to
buy a lot of purebred cattle, hogs,
horses, or sheep, and then proceed to
let t*iem shift for themselves will soon
earn the reputation of “the man with
the undesirable purebred*.1 He will
find tliut his wealth is not the kind the
hanker will recognize.
Most Harm From Exposure.
Exposure to weather often causes
greater destruction to farm imple-
ments than using them. Avoid this
loss by storing all machinery and tools
properly tinder shelter before winter
Complaint Not Justified.
Unless you clean, test nnd treat
your seed before you plant It you have
no reason to complain because you do
not get o good stand and your field Is
not ns free from weeds us your neigh-
This Is Miss Katherine Sellers, ap-
pointed by President Wilson. Judge of
tlie Juvenile court of the District of
GOMPERS UP IN THE AIK
Boy scouts of the American Institute learning to wigwag In mountainous
Bolivia under tlie direction of teachers from the United Slates.
Cutting the Cost of Fertilizers
Keep houses, coops, and fowls free
Sore eyes in ducks are often caused
by filthy quarters.
Be sure tlie chicks have plenty of
clean water to drink.
Now is a good time to fix up the
chicken house for winter.
The food must not lie loo highly
concent ruled for best results.
Lime is a mighty goon thing to
sprinkle about tlie ben bouses and
Sell surplus cockerels as soon as
they weigh two or two and u half
Clean the brood
and sprinkle tlie flu.
s with chaff oi
The Idea that many still retain, tlmt
all pullets will lay a fair quota of
eggs, is not true.
* * *
The use of plenty of water at silo
filling time Is one of the surest ways
of uvoiding difficulty from molds.
• • •
There nre thousands of undersized
pullets now In tin* growing that will
never amount to anything as money-
• • •
Make up your mind to buy an in-
cubator next spring—order It early, !
set It early and you will get early re-
• • •
The slow growing chicks, pullets or j
cockerels should lie eliminated as soon
as possible from the lute hatches
which have developed enough to see
vs hat they will be.
Even Samuel Gonipers, president of
live American Federation of Labor,
Hi.ally succumbed to the thrill of avi
Hip>n and, an our photograph shows,
took an air ride tlie other day, from
Buffalo to Rochester, N. Y.
Law Is a Chess Champion.
Honor Law is the champion chess
player of the British nouse of com- ;
How It Sounded to Him.
At a big railway station a four-year- :
old youngster wontlerlngly watched the !
man step out on the balcony and rail
the stations of tlie outgoing train
through a megaphone. When the an-
nouncer finished and resumed Ills sent
the youngster pulled at his mother’s
hand. "Oh, mamma," lie said, “ask
the man to sing another song I”
•*Rn your son has Joined an amateur
Orchestra. Does lie play con a more?"
"No sir; lv plays the fiddle."
The basis of practically all mixed fertilizers Is phosphoric acid, which i*
obtained from phosphate rock. While tills country has larger deposits of till*
mineral than any other nation, we nre throwing away several million toms an-
imnllv because of the present methods of preparing phosphate fertilizer The
•..dentists of the bureau of soil*, department of agriculture, are engaged in
working out economical methods of eliminating this tremendous loss. The
photograph shows an oil burning furnace with auxiliary equipment for Him
production of phosphoric add.
The term "kr»" was first used In
chemistry In the sixteenth century.
'Hie earliest cannons were made of
leather or wood, strengthened later
on with hands of Iron.
Miss Lorenn Khuntz, the first po-
' tirewoman of Kitchener, Ont.. recently
j entered on her duties.
Automobiles are found on ene-
I fomth of the farms In Ontario, and
half the homes are equipped with tel-
Baris' Queen of Beauty” for tbtff
year's carnival was a typist only eight,
een years of age.
A wonderful collection nf old copper
fools and weapons Inis been gathered*
from old mounds in Wisconsin.
A natural curiosity of JniMin is the-
"Insect bell." It Is a block beetle
which eiiills harmonious sounds like
those of a little silver bell.
Tips amounting to $50 n day are
said to have been received by a boy*j
employed to open motorcar doors out-,
side a Idg Bails restaurant.
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Keyes, Chester A. Luther Register. (Luther, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 2, 1920, newspaper, December 2, 1920; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc925060/m1/13/: accessed March 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.