The Shawnee Daily News-Herald (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 310, Ed. 2 Sunday, September 6, 1914 Page: 1 of 8
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THE SHAWNEE DAILY NEWS-HERALD
SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1914
ORIGIN OF LABOR DAY AND
When wo consider that labor has
been organized only a century the
present development of trades and
labor unions is amazing, and when
the excesses and many needless and
causeless strikes are considered, the
growth is alarming.
The earliest known trade union
composed of Journeymen was the
New Society of Journeymen Ship-
free and glories in the right of its
Ho sat down, and the cheering
which followed his remarks and mo-
tion made tho building shake as one
thousand men sprang to their feet.
At last when he managed to restore
order, Powderly turning toward
Price, asked: "And whjit do you in-
tend to call that day?" Quick, and
wrights, which was legally incorpor-. without a moment's hesitation, Price
ated In 1803. In the same city three sprang to his feet and exclainjed:
years later unions of tailors and car-
penters were formed, and in 1810 a
union of hatters was organized.
The history of the trades union
movement goes back a century, but
the inception of Labor Day is of
more recent date. And among the
many hundreds of thousands of
workmen who, on the first Monday
of September each year parade the
streets in labor's cause, it is safe
to assume that of all in that vast
throng not one in 10,000 can name
him who by right is "father" of
Robert Price, once a well known
resident of Lonaconing, Md., is the
man to whom all honor of Labor Day
is due. And yet, his name is well
nigh forgotten in labor circles, his
very whereabouts being uncertain.
Again was all semblance of order
destroyed, and the meeting came to
a sudden end, but not until Price's
motion had been carried with over-
Today Labor Day is observed in all
states as a legal holiday except in
one or two states.
"Thank God we have a system of
Labor where there can be a strike.
Whatever the pressure, there is a
point where the workingman may
stop."—President Lincoln in a speech
at Hartford, 1860, referring to the
Xew England shoeworkers' great
RETAIL CLERKS INTERNATIONAL
The Retail Clerks International
He was last heard of in Kansas, an Pr0t(,ctiV6 Aasoclatlon was lnitltuted
old man or seventl or more. I Dec. 3, 1890 at Denver, Colo
But a quarter of a century ago, Retal[ c,erkg pnjtmlvc Aflsoela.
Prlce^ w^ a rturdy mlner^br^glng lion Jj0cal No 650 ,g workln(f ua
der a charter granted by the Retail
Clerks International Protective As-
sociation ot America on July 7, 1902.
When Local 650 was organized they
only had forty-one members. The
Retail Clerks have an agreement
signed by every store of any impor-
tance in the city of Shawnee. Per-
strongest workers of the cause, and (ect ,larmony prevaUg among c]erks
when in 1881 Local Assembly 848 , I . . __
by sweat of his brow and the brawn
of his strong arras the treasures of
mother earth to the world. At that
time the Knights of Labor was ap-
proaching the zenith of its power,
which continued to increase until
1880, when the American Federation
gained the ascendency. One of the
QUEEN OF LABOR DAY
Miss VALLIE DRAKE Member of Garment Workers Union
LINE OF MARCH AND ORDER
OF THE LABOR DAI PARADE
IN I K l(> ATION A1. HKOT11 F it HOOD
The International Brotherhood of j
Boilermakers & Iron Ship Builders j
and Helpers of America, was orga-
nized in 1881, under the head of
the International Brotherhood of
ftollerfiiakers and Iron Ship Builders
of America, under which title they
labored for a few years, voting a
change at a grand lodge convention |
to the title from I. B. of B. M. &
1. S. B. of A., to Brotherhood Boiler
Makers and Iron Ship Builders of
America, under which head they
have succeeded In making a grand
organization, under whose banner
union men are proud to speak.
At a grand lodge convention held
ut Kansas City, Kan., in June, 1906,
the title was again changed by a
large vote from B. of B. M. & I. s.
B. of A., to International Brother-
hood of Boiler Makers and Iron Ship
Builders and Helpers of America.
Kickapoo lodge started with six
members and at present has a large
membership in good standing work-
ing at the trade.
The officers and shop committee
are competent men of ataunch union
principles who are demanding a fair
deal for both employer and employe.
when in 1881 Local Assembly
met to choose a delegate to the gen-
eral assembly of knights of Labor,
it was but natural that the choice
should fall on Price.
The convention was held in New
York City. The typographic/ mem-
bers of the order gave a am. t pa-
rade, and the convention adjourned,
temporarily, to witness it Stirred
by the sight of the participants and
glorying in the idea that the march-
ers were members to which he had
given so much of his time, Price en-
tered the convention hall. The con-
vention movement was filled with
life and spice o£ the pageant Just
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 100.
FLOWER GIRLS FOR
LABOR DAY QUEEN
The Typographical Union has a,
membership of over 60,000, including!
the United States, Canada and Cuba.
Its accomplishments have been many
for the betterment of conditions in
the printing industry.
The above organization has a pen-
sion system and insurance benefit of
which every union printer is a par-
The printers were the first organi-
zation to demand and secure an 8-
hour work-day, which cost them
witnessed, and many remarks were!over $4,000,000 and which is cheap
made on the occasion. At a moment at double the price.
when there was a momentary hush The Union Printers' Home at Col-
in the babel of voice about him, Price, orado Springs, Colo., is the finest
arose. institution of its kind in the world,
Tall, well formed, and in the flush | built and maintained by an orga-
of manhood, he stood erect. He nization of craftsmen. The cost of
leaned far over the balcony in which the home was over $300,000 and ha^
he was seated, and caught the eye of(b©en in existence since 1892. Its
Master Workman Powderly. For a (bounty is unpurchasable and its
moment his voice was hardly heard charity without price and it is open
above the din of sound. Gradually | to the sick and aged members of
the noise about him became less, and,the craft—no Union printer will ever
soon his full, round tones were be a pauper. In connection with the
heard in the fartherest recesses of Home there is operated a system of
the groat hall. At the conclusion of treatment for the cure and preven-
his address, which was filled with tation of tuberculosis which has at-
rhetoricul bursts of oratory, he tracted the attention of the world,
stopped for a moment, and in a voice' Printing is an industry limited
choked with emotion, and showing only by the community's loyalty to
the depths of his feelings, he said: \ home industry. No. 490, during the
I move you, Mr. Chairman, that it past year by a label campaign lias
be the unanimous decision of this endeavored to impress upon the
convention that hereafter one day minds of all purchasers of printing
of the year shall be set aside, and that placing their orders in this city
on tlvat day labor shall not labor, • means—increased membership, tliere-
but go forth and show that it is fore more printers and their families,
the sustenance of which will keep
the money earned by the craftsmen
in the local channels of trade.
Printing sent away means money
gone forever—a bad policy which is
detrimental to the interests of any
Miss Vallie Drake of the Garment
Workers union, has selected the fol-
lowing as her flower girls:
Miss Minnie Sutherland, Miss
Agnes Mae Smika, Miss Anna May
Financial Secretary, Trades Assembly
HKOTHEKIIOOI) OF RAILWAY
CAKKEH OF IMEBlCJu
Consolidation of the Brotherhood
of Railway Car Repairers, instituted
at Cedar Rapids, la., Oct. 27, 1888,
Carmen's Mutual Aid Association, in-
stituted at Minneapolis, Minn., Nov.
23, 1888, Car Inspectors, Repairers,
and Oilers' Protective Association,
instituted at Indianapolis, Ind., 1890,
and Brotherhood of Railway Carmen
of Canada, instituted at Toronto,
Canada, Jan. 1890. The Carmen
affiliated with the American Fed-
eration of Labor Aug. 15, 1910.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of
America, Shawnee Local, was orga-
nized in Shawnee, in the summer of
1899, and has been on a solid foot-
The purpose of the organization
was to promote friendship, unity and
true brotherly love among its mem-
bers. To benefit our employers by
raising the standard of employees of
•ur craft. To establish mutual con-
fidence and create and maintain har-
monious relations between employer
and employee. To require all mem-
bers to faithfully and honestly per-
form their duties to the best of their
ability for their employer and last,
to use honorable means to secure the
passage of laws beneficial to our
The Carmen in Shawnee have one
of the largest locals in membership
in the Southwest.
use of the power of organization and
only after the greatest effort at ar-
bitration lias been made—do we be-
lieve in resorting to any action that
would not accord with the harmony,
and prosperity of the community.
Choctaw Lodge No. 155, I. A. of M.,
was organized March 17, 1900, and
has the distinction of being the first
lodge of organized labor in Shaw-
nee. At that time there were only
16 machinists all of whom were in
the employ of the C. 0. & G., (now
the C. R. I. & P.), at the present
time there are about 60 members in-
cluding those in tho out-lying dis-
tricts, which have their membership
Twenty-six years ago, on May 5th
last, five men were Betting under
an engine in a machine shop at At-
lanta, Ga., discussing ways and
means to better the condition of the
machinist. It was at a time when
there was no organization as far as
the machinists were concerned, in
A ROCK ISLAND
ENGINE IN PARADE
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS,
DECORATORS AM) PAPER
HANGERS OF AMERICA.
The general headquarters of this
organization at Lafayette, Ind., are
presided over by the general officers
who are kept busy looking after the
interests of the many locals and
thousands ot members throughout
Shawnee Local No. 990 was orga-
nized June 3, 1903, by Deputy Or-
ganizer Frank Strode with Cecil
Swltzer, president, and Ed Adams,
! secretary and eighteen charter mem-
JOURNEYMEN BARKERS' INTER-
Journeyman Barbers' International
Union of America, was instituted at
Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. 5, 1887, by five
men representing organizations of
Barbers' in the cities of New York,
N. Y.; Muskogon, Mich.; Detroit,
Mich.; Buffalo, N. Y„ and Toledo,
Ohlo> who formed what is now tho
Journeymen Barbers' International
Union of America, which since its
inception has Increased in member-
ship, bettered conditions in their
craft and elevated the standard of
workmanship throughout the coun-
SHEET METAL WORKERS.
Local No. 228 of the Amalgamated
Sheet Metal Workers International
Alliance was first organized in Shaw-
nee, Okla., May 17, 1902, by H. S.
Lester, by authority from John IC.
Bray, then general organizer for this
The first officers were: President,
A. K. Werner; vice president, W.
M. Estes; recording and financial
secretary, J. C. Hale.
We stand for a union shop, we "be-
lieve in organization, and while we
Btand ready to fight for a square
deal and lend a hand to other crafts
In their struggles for better condl-
I Hons, we believe in a conservative
A feature of the Labor day parade
will be a Rock Island locomotive
and car, which will join the parade
at Main and Park, and run on the
street car track to Minnesota. A
shop engine will he used, and a
specially constructed car. A similar
train was used in a Labor day pa-
rade at El Reno.
TIIE UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF
CARPENTERS AND JOINERS
Have Increased more in member-
ship during the past five years
than any one organization. This
organization dedicated July 22, 1909,
their one hundred thousand dollar
headquarters building in Indianapo-
lis, Ind. Frank Morrison, secretary
of the American Federation ot La-
bor, and a union printer, was ac-
corded the honor of delivering the
This structure will show to the
world an evidence of honor and or-
nament which shall for ages speak
of the work, deeds and fidelity of
the wage workers, especially of the
The U. B. of C. and J., was estab-
lished Aug. 12, 1811, at Chicago, ill.,
with,only 12 locals and two thousand
forty-two members. The origin of
carpenters societies can be traced
backward to 1458, when under the
reign of Henry VII, a charter was
granted to a society known as "The
Carpenters of Dublin."
FRANK E. BROWN
Ex-President Trades Assembly.
OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELPERS.
The I. B. of B. and Helpers was In-
stituted at Atlanta, Ga., in October.
1890, and at this date has a general
membership throughout the United
States of thousands.
Choctaw Local Union 413, Inter-
national Brotherhood of Blacksmiths
and Helpers, of Shawnee, was orga-
nized Aug. 4, 1903 with 12 charter
members and has been continually
on the increase since that period.
The union has been Instrumental In
creating better working conditions
and a substantial increase in wages
has been secured.
This organization is affiliated with
the American Federaton of Labor
and Is a recogngized power in the
trade union movement.
SHAWNEE TRADES AND LABOR
This central body, composed of
the affiliated unions of the American
Federation of Labor and other crafts
has for its purpose in the industrial
field, a policy Identical with that oc-
cupied by a commercial club in the
A trades assembly affords oppor-
tunity for members of various crafts
to exchange ideas, keep informed on
the amount of work being done, con-
dition of different organizations,
amount of improvements under way,
whether there is a demand for work-
men, exchange of Ideas regarding
stake of trade generally. Believing
what is good for one organization is
beneficial to another, we, by har-
monizing are enriched by strength
and placed in closer communica-
Thi Trades Assembly is in hearty
accord with commercial clubs for
progress, as it means more workmen
The Trades and Labor Assembly
has a standing legislative committee
who at all times solicit, suggest and
endeavor to secure for all working
people laws and conditions that will
encourage, benefit and protect them
in their vocations.
The following has been announced
as the lino of march of the T.abor
Form at Woodland Park; proceed
west on 11th street to Park; south
on Park to West Main; east on
Main to Minnesota; north on Min-
nesota to Ninth street west on Ninth
to Convention Hall.
At Convention Hall the speakers
will be W. T. (Chummy) Fields of
Guthrie, Okla. Dorsey Ilobbs of El
Reno, and Harry C. Myers.
Order of I'arnde.
The parade will be led by a Union
The following is tile order:
Marshal of the day and aides.
Squad of city police.
Queen's float and escorts.
Blacksmiths and Helpers.
Machinists and Helpers.
Sheet Metal Workers.
Boilermakers ana Helpers.
Rock Island First Aid Corps.
Lodges, flouts and friends of or-
The following prizes are offered
by the Labor Day committee:
$10.00 prize for best float of labor
$5.00 prize for best merchant's or
L. C. WATSON,
Chairman Labor Day Com.
Labor Day at (lie First Christian
The evening services will be de-
voted to labor, It being Labor Sun-
day. The evening address will be
delivered by Harry Myers, one of
the leading citizens of Shawnee.
The laboring men will be guests of
honor at this service. The music
will (je Inspiring. In addition to
UNITED GARMENT WORKERS OF
This organization lias thousands of
lady members who by organization
have helped themselves and their
mombers from the long hours of toil
in Ill-lighted sweat-shops and un-
sanitary buildings at a pittance, to
better conditions, shorter hours and
more pay and accomplished for hu-
manity an everlasting good, an equal
of which no society has ever ap-
Choctaw Local Union No. 22, Unit-
ed Garment Workers of America,
was organized Dec. ¥1, 1902 with 17
members by E. A. Bowerman and
others of the Shawnee Trades and
Labor Assembly and has grown
steadily during the 12 years of its
From thiB organ ten I Ion the laboring
people of the city have selected their
Labor Day queen.
good music by choir Dick Brown
will sing and the male quartet. The
regular morning services will be In-
teresting. You are cordially in-
Belgian Troops Marching to Battle at St. Tiond
■ ,| Dean:!# about 20,0ijij,01 0 naar
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Weaver, Otis B. The Shawnee Daily News-Herald (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 310, Ed. 2 Sunday, September 6, 1914, newspaper, September 6, 1914; Shawnee, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc92362/m1/1/: accessed July 20, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.