The Tribune-Progress (Mountain View, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, April 5, 1918 Page: 2 of 8
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THE WORLt OVER
Battling for every point of vantage,
giving ground only when overwhelmed
by numbers and exacting a frightful
toll of livea for every foot of ground
abandoned, the British line in Picardy
la atill Intact. While the German on-
slaught gulned ground at a number of
points Monday, there was no sign of
disintegration in the British forces,
which at many pofnts, especially on
the northern end of the long line of
battle, are standing firm.
♦ ♦ ♦
The French forces which are fight-
ing to the south of Hi. Quentin, around
Noyon, though retiring slowly, are
carrying out strong count or attacks
and inflicting heavy losses on the tier-
mans, says the French war office
+ + +
it now hnH been definitely ascer-
tained that conHideruhly more than
1,000,000 Germans have been brought
to the western front In an endeavor
to cruBh the British army holding tho
line from the region of Arras to the
south of St. Quentin, bul it dally be-
comes increasingly evident that the
enemy, in hiH drive, has met with op-
position not counted upon and been
unable to realize to (he full his ob-
♦ ♦ +
On the battle line in France the san-
guinary struggle still Is going on witb
the British troops on most of the sec-
tors apparently holding their own, but
with the Germans at salient polnta
still pressing forward.
♦ ♦ *
In a battle that has rivaled in feroc-
ity asy that has preceded it during
three and a half years of warfare, the
British on a fifty-mile front have with-
stood a great German offensive in its
Initial stages. At some points the
British line has been bent back but
not as much as bad been expected by
military experts acquainted with the
forces the Germans have brought up
and the power of the guns they bad
upon and behind the line.
♦ ♦ ♦
Enemy first and second line posi-
tions on part of the sector east of
Luneviile have been destroyed com-
pletely by American artillery fire. Af-
ter the raid into tho German posi-
tions the American gunners shelled
the positions heavily all night and the
♦ * ♦
Field Marshal Haig's report from
British heudquarters in France de-
scribes the German offensive vs com-
prising an intense bombardment by
the artillery and a powerful infantry
attack on a front of over fifty miles.
Borne of the British positions were
penetrated, but the German losses are
declared to have been exceptionally
heavy. On no part of the long front
»f the attack did the Germans attain
♦ + ♦
Two enemy destroyers and two
enemy torpedo boats have been sunk
by a force of five British and French
destroyers, the British admiralty an-
nounces. One British destroyer was
damaged. The engagement occurred
off Dunkirk. The British casualties
were alight. There were no French
+ + +
President Wilson has sent the fol-
lowing to field Marshal Haig: "May
1 not express to you my warm admira-
tion for the splendid steadfastness
and valor with which your troops havo
withstood the German onset, and the
perfect confidence all Americans feel
that you will win a secure and fiual
+ + +
The War Department bill empower-
ing the President to requisition tim-
ber and lumber to conduct logging
operations for the army, the navy and
the emergency fleet corporation, has
been passed by the Senate and now
goes to the House.
+ + +
Delivery of fuel oil to preferred con-
sumers, regardless of existing con-
tracts. if that is necessary to supply
essential industries, has been ordered
in new distribution regulations promul-
gated by President Wilson for dealers
east of the Rocky Mountains.
+ + +
The House the other afternoon voted
for a permanent increase in the sal-
aries of all postal employes ranging
from 5 to 25 per cent. The vote was
188 to 42.
♦ ♦ ♦
George E. Mayer, religious director
of Y. M. C. A. Building No. 49. at
Houston, Tex., is in the division stock-
ade now. He is suspected of being a
German spy. He was arrested by the
military police and the judge advo-
+ + +
A Police flag to be carried to
France by the division of 20.000 men
•which the Polish military mission has
come to this country to recruit, was
presented to the commissioner by the
Polish women of New York recently.
More than 8.000 Poles from New York,
New Jersey and Connecticut witnessed
4* *1* *1*
Prof. Scott Nearing, formerly of the
University of Pennsylvania and To-
ledo University, has been indicted by
the federal grand Jury on the charge
of violating the Lsplonage.
I Vice-Admiral Sima has cabled the
•,^*avy Department that In addition to
seventeen dead, seventeen men are
missing from (he American destroyer
Manley as a result of her recent col-
lision with u British warship and the
consequent explosion of a depth bomb
♦ ♦ ♦
Back from a vIhII to the Western
battle front, MaJ Gen. Leonard Wood,
in a confidential statement before the
Senate military committee, declared
that allied military opinion Is unani-
mous that the German offensive will
fall, and urged a great increase—to
4 or 5 million men—in America's army.
♦ ♦ ♦
A German raider operating in the
Pacific Ocean has been captured by a
United States cruiser and is now be-
ing towed to a Pacific port, according
to a report received recently. The
raider Is said to he a comparatively
small vesrel, hut capable of glpklng
any merchant ship In the Pacific. ~
■K + +
One American otflrcr and three men
were killed aboard an American de-
stroyer when the vessel collided with
a British warship, the Navy Depart-
ment announced Seven American
sailors were injured seriously. Tho
destroyer was the Manley. A depth
charge on the Mauley exploded when
the vessels met. Both vessels were
+ + +
Dispatches from The Hague report
that Germany considers her relations
with Holland altered by tho attitude
of the Dutch government toward the
entente and the United States and
publishes a report that the abandon-
ment by the Dutch government of the
remaining restrictive clauses in its
shipping loan lermB would be regard-
ed by Germany as a cause for war.
+ + +
The German offensive, says the
United States war department's week-
ly communique, proves that the Ger-
man militarists, no longer able to con-
trol the German people by political
maneuver, have been forced to attempt
a gigantic feat of arms to maintain
♦ ♦ ♦
Cadet William H. McNamara of New
York City was killed instantly and
Second Lieut. A. N. Dunston of Toron-
to, Ontario, was injured slightly near
Dallas, Tex , the other afternoon whet
the airplane in which they were rid-
ing fell three hundred feet in a spin-
ning nose dive.
+ + +
Hall stones lay on tne ground four
Inches deep in some parts of Miller
county, Arkansas, four miles from
Texarkana, following a severe storm
which passed over that section re-
* + +
Stephe Ivenoff, a Bulgarian coal
miner employed in n mine near Tulsa,
Ok., was shot to death the other after-
noon by officers sent to arrest him for
alleged pro-German statements.
+ + +
Firing across the border by Mexi-
cans near FabcnH caused a strong re-
turn fire from American troops on bor-
der patrol, it was announced officially
at the military headquarters in El
Paso. Four Mexicans were believed
killed. There wore no casualties of sol-
diers on the American Bide.
+ 4* +
The agricultural appropriation bill,
with the Gore amendment increasing
the 1918 government guaranteed wheat
price to $2.50, has been passed by the
Senate, it now goes to conference be-
tween the two houses where there will
be another fight over the wheat price.
+ + +
The last step in the enactment of
a statewide prohibition law for Texas
was taken recently when Gov. W. P.
Hobby attached his signature to the
statutory prohibition bill. It was
passed by the legislature several days
+ + +
The American embassy at Rome
reports the death of Arthur Nelson
who enlisted at Crosby, Minn. lie
was drowned while flying at a hydro-
aviation camp in central Italy. Neither
the machine nor the body was recov-
ered, the aviator falling straight into
the water from a height of 4,000 feet.
+ + +
Secretary Baker was presented to
King George at Buckingham Palace re-
cently by Ambassador Page. The sec-
retary remained for an hour with the
king, discussing America’s effort in
+ + +
Former Fremier Maura, recognized
as the leader of pro-ally sympathizers
in Spain, has been directed to form a
new cabinet, it was announced at
♦ + +
The shooting in Brussels of two Ro-
man Catholic priests on the charge of
espionage is reported in an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Amsterdam.
Six other priests were sent to prison
for long terms.
+ + ♦
The archbishop of Canterbury has
issued the following: "It is obvious
that in these days of anxiety special
prayers ought to be offered in all our
churches on behalf of the army and
the righteous cause for which we are
♦ + +
The German "monster cannon.”
which has been bombarding Paris, has
been located in the Forest of St. Go-
bain, west of Laon, and exactly 122
kilometers (approximately seventy-six
miles) from the Paris city hall. No
new casualties hove resulted so far.
Important Incidents of First Week
of Great Battle Are Given
GERMAN AIMS NOT REALIZED
Mawed Down by Halg’a Heroic Men,
the Kaiser's Troopa Push To-
ward the Somme by Sheer
Force of Numbers.
London.—Details of the first week
of the great bnttle In France show
that, while the fighting has been more
aevere than In any previous offensive,
there hne been no cause for pessimism.
The German losses have been ter-
rific. probably 250,000 casualties hav-
ing been suffered by the kaiser’s hosts.
At such cost they won less than one-
third of the ground on which they had
counted. The morale of the British
troops hns been perfect throughout
and they have fought magnificently.
Million Germans In Action.
These facts stand out:
It Is known that at least 1,000,000
Germans were engaged on the whole
front of attack. In the Somme area
not less than (12 army divisions were
Identified. The British line suffered
Ita most severe buffeting In this
stretch, but was firm everywhere.
The Germans believed that a loss
of 500,000 would be a cheap price for
success In the west, but with a loss
already of 250,000 there Is no pros-
pect of their attaining the victory they
They regained all the ground lost In
the Cambral battle and have taken
bnck sections of the territory taken
from them In the Somme offensive of
The fighting was not by any means
s continual German advance. The
British counter-attacked heavily and
fought for every foot of ground.
Details of the Fighting.
In one battle on the extreme left
the Germans employed not less than
nine divisions In an effort to break
through. For three days the three
British divisions held them st bay.
Finally, under weight of numbers, the
British retired behind the line mnrked
by the ruined villages of Bullecourt,
East Nogueil and Crolselles.
The next morning the Germans re-
newed the nttack, striking northward
from Fontatnelle8 and Crolselles and
westward from Cherlssy. They drove
In mass formation, wave after wave,
toward the heights between Henin-sur-
Cojeul to Henln hill.
Two hours of drum fire, In which
gas and high-explosive shells were
| mingled, preceded the Infantry attack.
From eight o’clock la the morning un-
til noon continuous waves of gray-plad
troops stormed the heights.
British machine guns posted on the
ridge swept down line after line of
Germans. By three o’clock In the aft-
ernoon the Teutons had succeeded In
pressing past Henin hill on both sides
and threatened to cat off the machine
gunners posted on the crests. Not
until then did the latter retire and re-
join the main British force.
Similar fighting was going on at the
same time on the right wing. Tremen-
dous pressure was brought to bear
•round St. Leger, Vnux and Vrau-
court. It lasted alt day.
At times under the German blows
the British line sagged heavily, but at
no point did it give way.
Desperate Defence of Vaulx.
A bitter battle was fought for pos-
session of Vaulx, but British machine
gunners posted in the ruins of the
village held the Germans at bay. A
ruined factory served as a fortress
despite the shelling to which it was
Not until late In the afternoon was
It impossible for the British to hold
the town longer. Even then the re-
treat only went for a thousand yards.
The British rear guard fought every
step of the way, and, returning to the
main body, a counter-attack was
launched against the Germans in pos-
session of Vaulx and the village was
The fighting continued all night. ,
Finally Vaulx had to be abandoned i MORTALITY
before heavy night attacks, but only
because German forces had pushed
past further up the line and were
driving to the attack of Mory.
Another bitter struggle was fought
around Crolsellss. At Mory Scottish
and English troops inflicted tremen-
dous losses on the Germans.
8unday Battle South of Ferenne.
The fighting Sunday was tremen-
dous. All day long heavy forces of
Germans endeavored to force a cross-
ing of the Somme south of Peronne,
while further along the line they con-
centrated their efforts against Ba-
Repeatedly German engineers at-
tempted to throw pontoon bridges
across the river. On the near-by
heights British field guns firing prac-
tically at point range smashed every
effort. On some occasions British in-
fantry. counter-attacking, dashed into
the water to fight the Germans.
With the object of capturing Ur-
▼lllers and EXsigny, southwest of St.
Quentin, the Germsns employed at
least six divisions, or 72.000 men of
storming troops, the 50th, 45th (re-
serves). 11th. 88th, 187th and 238th.
tn the proportion of one division to
every British battalion. The average
width of each attack was 2.000 ynrdx
Ten Tanks Wreak Havoc Amid Foe.
Passing through Crvillers, there was
a bloody struggle In a chalk quarry,
where many German deud now lie.
After the Germans had come some way
forward ten British tanks drove into
them and shattered some of their bat-
talions with their machine-gun fire,
dispersing groups of the advancing
The British fought many rear guard
potions und made numerous counter-
attacks In the neighborhood of Rolsel,
‘falling back to the line of the Somme
¥only when new masses of Germans
pnxsed through those battalions which
they had not met and beaten.
Between Gozeaucourt and EpepKy
occurred a most desperate struggle.
The Germans attacked In overwhelm-
ing atrength. Their previous bom-
bardment hud had little effect and ths
British troops had suffered but
The weather was misty, and, screak-
ed by this mist, the Germsns were
on top of the British before the lat-
ter were aware of It. In dense for-
mation they came on, offering excel-
lent targets. Ground was yielded by
the British only under pressure of
Heroic Deeds of the British.
Fighting Suturday between Arras
and Bnptiume for possession of the
heights between the Cojeul and Sen-
see rivers wus especially bitter. Out-
numbered eight to one, the British
troops clung to their positions to the
In Gnurhe wood, where Scots and
South Africans were placed, another
terrific struggle ensued. The Ger-
mans several times managed to reach
the wood but were repeatedly thrown
back. Their losses in killed were
especially heavy, as they came on In
mass formation. Attempt after at-
tempt was frustrated.
From a height below Gauche wood
known as Chapel hill to Epephy three
German divisions and parts of a
fourth were thrown against the Brit-
ish. At one point the enemy was ac-
tually among the British advance
posts before he was discovered. The
fog thoroughly screened him.
Waves of Germans flowed past the
farm and around It, but in the farm
itself the Lelcesters held out, fighting
and refusing to surrender until every
man was killed or so severely wounded
he could fight no more.
The British showed the greatest
strength between Bapaume and Pe-
ronne and above Bapaume as far as
Arras. The Germans, however, con-
cerned with the southern flank, at ths
Franco-Brltish Junction point, concen-
trated their most terrific blows against
the Peronne-Ham-Chauny line, relying
on the necessity of an automatic Brit-
ish withdrawal in the north If their
line was bent or broken in the south.
Bnpaume was an obstacle on the
northern side, to capture which they
sacrificed thousands of their best
troops. Rivers of blood were shed for
the town's possession in a combat that
lasted almost all night, until the
British finally yielded the ruins, after
having exacted a fearful price.
Kaiser Orders Jubilation.
The kaiser was with Field Marshal
von Hlndenburg In Peronne surveying
the bloody fields where thousands of
his best fighting men were killed or
maimed before the British finally with-
drew. The emperor ordered a general
jubilation throughout the empire,
rockets and flags and a holiday for the
children being the chief symbols of
celebration. He conferred a gold in-
laid iron cross on Hlndenburg.
Wilhelm also sent dispatches to the
empress telling of the progress made
by his armies.
THE B|G FIGHT
PERSHING’S FORCES MOV-
ING TO ACTIVE SECTOR
OF FRENCH LINE
GERMAN ADVANCE IS HALTED
Indications Now That Allies Ars
About to Begin Counter-Offensive.
—100,000 American Troops
THOUGH 70, OLD SOLDIER
ENROLLS TO BUILD SHIPS
Knoxville, Tenn.—James W.
Sitzler, seventy, of the National
Soldiers’ home at Johnson City,
Tenn., has volunteered to serve
his country in building Its great
fleet of ships. He said in his
"I wish to make application
for work as a ship painter, hav-
ing worked at and learned my
trade. Although I am seventy
years old I am able to do a day's
work ns well ns any young man,
being a general all-round work-
He was enrolled.
RATE IS LOW
Statistician Refute* Statements That
War Is Causing Heavy Lou
Pittsburgh—Edward A. Woods. Ilfs
insurance expert and statistician, after
an exhaustive study of mortality In
the present war. has compiled statis-
tics to refute the widely circulated
statements that the war is causing a
frightful loss of life on the side of tho
“Timely and scientific medical treat-
ment has reduced the rate of mortal-
ity In the present war to a lower per-
centage than that of all great wars,"
•ays Mr. Woods.
"More than 60 per cent of the sol-
diers put under the care of physicians
and surgeons have been abls to return
to the firing line.
"An American soldier, twenty years
of age. who is now In the trenches, his
the same chance of being alive at the
end of the war. if it lasts a year or so
longer, as a man of sixty In civil life
has of living the same length of time.”
Jump In Garbage Cost.
Santa Monica, Cal.—The Santa Mon-
ica commissioners have contracted tn
sell the city’s garbage for the coming
year at $18.90 a ton. Last year It
brought $1.60 a ton.
Washington.—From the region of
the Somme southward to where the
battle line turns eastward furious
fighting has continued in various sec-
tors, but everywhere the enemy has
been held, and pushed back at some
points. Nowhere has he been able,
although he continued to throw great
masses of men into the fray, to gain
ground, except an infinitesimal tract
from the French north of Moreull.
British and French machine guns and
rifle men again tore great holes in
the ranks of the field-gray as they
endeavored to press on.
Checked North of 8omme.
So great have been the losses of
the Germans in front of the British
north of the somme that Sunday saw
them unwilling again to take up the
gage of battle. Along the Scarpe. the
British, themselves, were on the offen-
sive and to the east of Arras, cap-
tured the village of Feuchy. On the
southern end of the line where von
Hlndenburg iR endeavoring to pierce
through to the old German positions,
as they stood before his retreat In
1916, the British and French troops,
fighting together, have met the enemy
In furious combats but everywhere de-
feated him with sanguinary losses.
The town of Moreuil changed hands
four times, but finally rested in tho
hands of the British and French, while
the woods to the north of the village
were captured by the French.
French Retake Villages.
In the bend of the line between
Moreull and Lassigny, the Germans
made frantic efforts to break through
but the French held them in their
tracks and in addition recaptured sev-
Not alone has von Hlndenburg lost
large numbers of men killed or wound-
ed but both the British and French
armies have taken a considerable
number of new prisoners and also
captured machine guns. At last ac-
counts the Germans had launched a
fresh attack In the region between
the rivers Luce and Avre and fierce
fighting was In progress.
The reports from both the British
and French war office seemingly in-
dicate that the allied troops have
reached the limits of their retrograde
movement. In any event they have
cancelled the engagement Field Mar-
shal von Hlndenburg made with him-
self to take dinner In Paris on All
Americans Moving Up.
With the American Army.—The ac-
ceptance by France of General Persh-
ing's offer of all American men and
material for the present emergency
has in effect virtually resulted in a
unified army command so far as the
French army and American forces are
concerned. This is shown by the fact
that the orders Issued to the Amer
lean troops are of French origin.
Great activity is on throughout the
sene where the American troops are
quartered. It began when heavily
loaded motor camions began rumbling
through the streets and over the
roads, which were crowded with
camions, both motor and horse drawn
marching men, horses and artillery.
Out on the open roads the men in
the camions sang everything from
“The Battle Hymn of the Republic"
to “Tipperary.” They exhibited the
greatest enthusiasm for the work they
have in hand and seemed to be anx-
ious to get it started.
Hundred Thousand Available At Once.
Washington. — The announcement
that the American soldiers are actu-
ally on their way to the fighting line
to take places beside their hard-
pressed British and French allies sent
a thrill throughout the national cap-
ital. It was the first positive state-
ment that General Pershing’s forces
actually are on their way to the battle
lines to help stem the tide of the Ger-
Too much may not be said about the
number and position of the American
troops, because of military reasons. It
Is no violation of the censorship, how-
ever, to say that more than 100,000
American fighting men, fully equipped
and intensively trained in the school
of actual battle conditions, are avail-
able at once to be thrown into places
to strengthen the British and French
lines wherever they threaten to buckle
under the unheard of ferocity of the
Traitors On Trial.
Chicago.—More than 100 Industrial
Workers of the World are now on trial
before Federal Judge Landis, charged
with conspiracy to disrupt the govern-
ment’s war program. One hundred
and sixty-five men and one woman
were named in the true bill returned
by the September grand jury but forty
of these have escaped capture, cases
against ten have been dismissed and
three including the woman, Elizabeth
Gurley Flynn of New vork. have been
granted separate trials.
This Virginia Lady Tells of Con-
stant Suffering From Dreadful
Relieved by Cardui.
Norton, Va.--Mrs. E. 8. Clouse, of
this place, writes: “In about 1901 I
seemed to get in bad health, I had been
married about a year ... I called In
Dr.-, of-, who treated me . . .
and gave me medicine, which didn’t
do me any good. I suffered agony,
for about 4 months and felt I must
have some relief, for I was so bad
off that I was really unable to be up
out of bed during all that time.
I could hardly walk, every step was
painful and a drag. I would be al-
most blind from dizziness. I’d have
dreadful backaches that never ceased,
and severe pains ... I read of Cardui
in the Birthday Almanac and friends
urged me to take it... I used one bot-
tle with such beneficial results that I
gained hope of recovery. After the
use of 2 or 3 bottles, I felt so much
better that I was able to get up and
go about my work. My Improvement
was steady and after about the 8rd
or 4th bottle, I was entirely cured
and the cure has been permanent . . .
For the past seven years I have had
perfect health and my work has been
Try Cardui, the woman’s tonic, for
your troubles. It Is safe reliable and
of proven merit. All druggists.—Adv-
New Idea for Mine Props.
A substitute for mine props which)
has been tried and found to give every
satisfaction has been made by Edward
Seward, a Cardiff architect. The main
points about the new props are that
they are simple In construction, are-
indestructible, and do not deteriorate
in water or damp. The chief compo-
nent materials are colliery cinders,,
stone and crushed clinker, which,
when washed, manipulated, combined
and duly strengthened, result in a.
prop the finished weight of which ls<
fight enough to allow of efficient han-
dling by one man.
ANY WOMAN CAN MAKE UP THI&
CREAMY BEAUTY LOTION
FOR A FEW CENT8.
The Juice of two fresh lemons strait*
ed Into a bottle containing three ounces-
of orchard white makes a whole quar-
ter pint of the most remarkable lemon*
skin beautlfier at about the cost on*
must pay for a small Jar of the ordi-
nary cold creams. Care should be tak-
en to strain the lemon juice through a>
fine cloth so no lemon pulp gets in^
then this lotion will keep fresh for
months. Every woman knows that
lemon juice Is used to bleach a dark-
ened skin and remove such blemishes)
ts freckles, sallowness and tan and ba-
the Ideal skin softener, whltener and
Just try It I Get three ounces of
orchard white at any drug store and
two lemons from the grocer and make
up a quarter pint of this sweetly fra-
grant lemon lotion and massage it dally
into the face, neck, arms and hands.—
Mabel—You and Harold seem Insep-
Gertrude—We are together a good
deal. You see, Mabel I take a pecu-
liar interest in him.
Mabel—Oh, do you?
Gertrude—Yes. I was engaged to
him at one time, and in love with him
THE GREAT WAR HAS MADE
CIGARETTES A NECESSITY.
“Our boys must have their
smokes. Send them cigarettes 1"
This is a familiar appeal now to-
all of us.
Among those most In demand Is
the now famous “toasted" ciga-
rette—LUCKY STRIKE. Thou-
sands of this favorite brand have
been shipped to France. There
Is something homelike and friend-
ly to the boys In the sight of the
familiar green packages with the
This homelike, appetizing qual-
ity of the LUCKY STRIKE ciga-
rette Is largely due to the fact
that the Burley tobacco used Id*
making it has been toasted. “It's
toasted” was the “slogan" that
made a great success of LUCKY
STRIKE In less than a year. Now
the American Tobacco Co. Is mak-
ing 15 million LUCKY STRIKE
Cigarettes a day.
A good part of this Immense
production is making its way
across the water to cheer our
“I assure you, money talks."
“Don’t I know It? Mine is alway*
3aytng, ‘By, by,’ to me."
Did you encounter a lazy man who
did not attribute his trials and tribu-
lations to bad luck?
Here’s what’s next.
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West, H. C. The Tribune-Progress (Mountain View, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, April 5, 1918, newspaper, April 5, 1918; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc914763/m1/2/: accessed January 18, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.