The Shawnee News. (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 14, No. 235, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 20, 1909 Page: 4 of 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20. 1909.
NEW 5 WANT AD8 PAY WELL.
Oklahoma City, Okla.. Oct. 20.—The
grand Jury yesterday afternoon re-
turned a partial reiH>rt containing in-
dl<*tments against two local liquor
dealers. Police Chief John Mubatka,
Deputy Sheriff Jake Armstrong and
W. D Witcher, and against G. W.
"Sammy" Samson, Hubatka's former
Hubatka is charged with embez-
Element and forgery; Armstrong and
Witcher are charged with bribe-tak-
ing, two liquor dealers are charged
with perjury, and Samson will answer
for alleged altering of records.
that Mingle will not have to go to
McAlester. Although the undersheriff
states that he does not expect the
"possibility" to occur, but Is looking
daily for the order from the Supremo
Court to take Mingle to the peniten-
It is a known fact that the order
has been expected daily for the past
few weeks. This can only be ex
plained by the congestion of the pris-
on at McAlester, which has sug-
gested to the Supreme Court to defer
an immediate order of commitment.
Numerous prisoners have been pa-
roled lately because the population
of the penitentiary has become great-
er than the capacity.
TRIAL OF BROTHER
ORDER IN TOWN LOT CASES.
Ardmore, Okla., Oct 20.—By order
of the court, the defendants in the
Mtiskouco town lot cases were given
twenty days In which to die and pre-
sent their hill of exceptions to the
rulings of the court in these cases
GREAT DESERT CROSSED IN
WAGON BY EL RENO FOLK.
Ardmore, Okla., Oct. 20.—An inter
este<I spectator in the Federal Court
was F Gippaula, who came from
Masea, Italy, to be present at the
trial of his brother, charged with
fraudulent use of the mails. He is a
peace officer in his country and has
plenty of means to employ counsel
for his brother. Attorney E. L. Klst-
ler of Muskogee has a number of
Italian bills which he received In
payment for his services.
Three Italians—Carmela Camarato,
Salvatore Dlbrlla and Ilaslle Gippault
—arc on trial in the Federal Court,
charged with fraudulent use of the
malls It Is alleged that thoy sent
three letters to Joe Nellis, an Italian
merchant at Krebs, demanding that
he leave $1,000 in a coke oven. Dur-
ing the time between sending the
second and third lettei a bomb was
exploded in tho store of the mer-
chant. Nellis left an envelope with
some money in the oven and the par-
ties who came for It were placed un-
der arrest by officers who were
watching the oven. The case will go
to the Jury tomorrow.
The defendants are miners and live
in the mining district near McAlester.
The letters were sent In March and
Sapujpa OkU., Oct JO—The fail-
are ot A. F. Moss, an Attorney of
Oklahoma City, to appear as a wit-
k« today in the trial of ex-Sheriff
Henry C. Kin?, who U charged with
briber}", caoaed trouble between Fred
«J. Caldwell. Mate enforcement at
wney. and Wade S. Stanfield. at-
wney tor the defeoie. They fough:
tor a half minute with their fists and
were later lined $25 each
Mots, open hi* arrival, was severe
Ijr arraigned by Judge Carruthere for
delaying the progress of the court,
bat a fine was omitted upon Moss
making explanation. After Moss had
unified the remainder of the day
wa spent in an effort to Impeach
tie testimony of W. E. McDaniels. a
former Joint owner, who was a wit-
ness for the state.
Moss told of his connection with
the contest wherein Harry O. Stein,
the present sheriff, sought to oust
King from the office of sheriff. Moss
was King's attorney and told of hav-
ing received a fee of $1,600 for his
work. He accused H. M. Watchorn,
a Sapulpa politician, with figuring in
the transaction. He impugned the
action of W. L. Harnum, now su-
perior Judge, who was attorney for
Stein, charging him w'th having
known that there had been tampering
with the ballots.
Hastings, Okla., Oct. 20.—Robert
Garrett, a farmer, who resides a few
miles west of Hastings, and J. A.
Cornelius, a Hastings Justice of the
peace, were killed by W. H. Powers,
a neighbor of Garrett, in a Hastings
street. Three balls were filed into
the body of Garrett and a fourth
killed Cornelius accidentally. Powers
was taken to the county Jail at Ryan
and will be given a preliminary bear-
The killing was the result of a
feud that began last spring over the
pro|>osed opening of a public highway
over the farm of the father of Pow-
ers. Trouble followed an effort by
the county commissioners to condemn
the land for the highway and Garrett
killed Lee Powers, a brother of W. H.
DOUBLE COURT FEES TO
FOLLOW BIG SHORTAGE.
Muskogee, Okla., Oct 20.—Judge
Pitchenord has rendered a decision
to the effect that litigants who have
reported costs in thousands of cases
now pending In the District Court
here will have to put up costs again.
This is the result of the alleged em-
bezzlement of about $24,000 of court
fees by Toney Matney, former dis-
trict clerk, now under Indictment.
The court held that the cases could
not be docketed until the costs were
put up. and that so far as the present
clerk Is concerned the costs have
never been paid. The litigants will
have to take chances on getting their
money back from Matney's counsel.
El Reno, Okla., Oct. 20.—Few peo-
ple since the building of transcon-
tinental railroads across the greal
American desert liave crossed it in
wagons. For the fun of the thins,
T. H. Ellis and his wife nearly
crossed the desert in an overland
trip from Salt Lake City to El Heno.
They left Salt Lake City Juno 2 and
reached El Ileno Aug. 28, making the
trip without accident or very great
privation. Ellis is an employe of the
Rock Island here.
"Coming across the desert the sun
literally burned us," said Mrs. Bills
in relating her experiences. "I never
expect to again experience such heut.
Our wagon was covered and that
helped some, but for several days the
horses could not travel and we were
compelled to seek shelter in section
houses along the way. The trail
across the desert follows the railroad
and we got water at section houses.
Otherwise we never could have made
BOTTOM DROPPED OUT OF
THE BROOM CORN MARKET.
Guymon, Okla., Oct. 20.—Recent
fluctuations of the broom corn mar-
ket. caused by the mill operators be-
ing temporarily supplied, stopped to
a great extent the contest among ac-
credited buyers aside from the mer-
chants and the price of the product
dropped from $185 per ton to $100
per ton. The producers immediately
held a conference and prepared to
store their product, thus paralyzing
the market for Beveral days. At
length local merchants held a con-
ference and agreed to hold the price
up to $175 per ton. Since that time
the usual quantity of broom corn
has been placed on the market.
ALTUS MAN WOULD TAKE
JOB AS STATE ENGINEER.
Guthrie, Okla., Oct. 20.—E. K.
Stimpson of Altus, a railroad civil
engineer, seeing the offer of Major
Charles F. Barrett of the board of
agriculture to give the place of state
engineer to any one who would serve
without pay and pay his own ex-
penses, with the expectation that ths
next legislature would indemnify him,
has written Mr. Barrett offering to
take the place. Barrett has author-
ity to name an eneineer, but has no
appropriation for him.
Stimpson says he wants time to
look Into the matter a little more
WHISKY CAUSED DEATH.
Oklahoma City, Okla., Oct. 20.—"I
am doing very nicely In the Okla-
homa county Jail, like my associates,
and regret greatly to be compelled
to leave here for McAlester," Is the
statement made by Forest Cecil Min-
gle, convicted murderer of Mrs. Pearl
Pearson, to Undersheriff Charles Col'.
"I see no reason why I should be
transferred, unless, perchance, it is
to meet the whims of the law."
And there's a strong possibility
The following Is a complete list of
those who have subscribed to date
to the sale day fund:
Mammoth Department Store.
Madden & Jarrel.
Oklahoma National Bank.
Fleming & Brown.
Union Saving! Bank.
A. S. Pace.
S. H. Kress & Co.
C. P. Jackson.
Swaln-Hartman Hardware Company
Fibus & Gaskill.
Schloss, the clothier.
Cofer & Crib.
R W. Congdon.
Johnson & Dickson.
W. A. Wright.
Gossling's Department Store.
F. P. Stearns.
Burke Grocery Company.
Stone Hardware Company.
Chrisney Grocery Company.
T. B. McCurry.
F. A. Reynolds Son.
Clarke's Seed Store.
H. S. DeVold.
Sample, Halley & Co.
C. W. L. Stlehl.
0 F. Fordyce.
Economy Grocery Company.
Gift to Father, Doctors Arrive Too
Late to Save the Life of
Ingalls, Okla., Oct. 20.—Drinking .a
pint and a half of whisky while bis
father and the hired man were doing
the chores. Avery Salisbury, the 12-
year-old son of Charles S. Salisbury,
living two miles northeast of Ingalls,
died six hours later without recover-
William Salisbury, an uncle of the
boy, received £- shipment of whisky
at Ripley, and gave his brother
Charles a quart ot it Charles Salis-
bury and the hired man each took a
small drink and then offered it to the
boy. He took a taste, shook his head
and said he did not like it. While
the men were at work he returned
to the house and drained the bottle.
When the empty tottle was found,
a doctor was called, but he arrived
too late to save the boy's life. Tha
boy's mother and the other children
were In Arkansas, settling an estate
WEWOKA EDITOR IS GONE;
JAIL SENTENCE BEGGING
Muskogee, Okla., Oct. 2X1.—Sheriff
Ramsey of Muskogee County has re-
ceived a notice from the sheriff of
Seminole County, notifying him that
Don Lawhead, editor of the Wewoka
Democrat and prominent in county
politics, and who was out on bond
after he had been sentenced to thirty
days In Jail and a fine of $100 for
libel, had left the county.
Lawhead claims he Is the victim of
a political conspiracy.
"I'd lather Die, Doctor,
than have my foet cut off," sala M
L. BiDgham, of Princeville, 111. "But
you'll die from gangrene (which had
eaten away eight toes) If you dont,
said all doctors. Instead, he used
Bucklen's Arnica Salve till wholly
cured. Us cures of Eczema, Fever
Sores, Boils, Burns and Piles astound
th world 26c at all druggists.
All registered School Warrant! on
general fund are payable up to and
Including registered No. 3571. Inter-
est will cease on said warrant* after
Oct. 24, 1909. Present at the State
Dated this the 24th day of Septem
ber, 1909. W. O. DICKSON,
NORTH WOODS INDIANS.
Natives Who Helped the Whites Across
the Upper Wilderness.
It was the North woods Indians who
led the white race across the upper
wilderness trails and helped that race
*o get and to hold Its footing there.
As the lower tribes, such as the Iro-
quois, were allies of Ureat Britain in
war. so the people north of the great
lakes were the allies of that country
in Industry. Without the sturdy voy-
agers of the north, half Indian at
least the fur trade could not have
If you read the slory of Sir George
Simpson, of David Thompson, of Sir
Alexander Mackenzie, of Harmon, of
Hearne, of Alexander tlenry the
younger— indeed, of any of the early
or late explorers of Hudson bay < r
the old Nor'west company—always you
will tind that the real man t>ehim!
the pack and paddle was this northern
native. Perhaps he was not full
blood. Indeed, f«>r the most part the
typical voyager was not. From the
time of Greysolon du I/hut on down,
wild white blood has merged with
wild red blood.
The flrst fur traders on both sides
our territorial line got on very well,
for there was much marriage accord-
ing to the laws of the aboriginal
world, and the tendency was for the
two races to dwell In harmony. It
was firewater, cows and plows that
broke up the game.—Kmerson Hough
PAID THE DEBT.
The Captain Settled the Account Be-
fore His Vessel Sailed.
In Burnaby's "Travels In America
In 1759," a book quite popular during
the latter part of the elgbteentn cen-
tury. the following Incident Is related:
The captain of a British man-of-war
cruising off the Massachusetts coast
left his wife in Boston. On one of his
visits to port she came down to the
wharf to meet him, and she was salut-
ed as a true and loving sailor's wife
deserved. This violation of law was
at once reported, and the captain was
brought before the magistrate and
sentenced to be publicly whipped.
There was no getting out of it, and
the captain submitted quite gracefully.
Just before the departure of his ship
he gave an elaborate entertainment, to
which all of the magistrates were In-
vited. After the festivities were over
and every one had shaken hands with
the captain and was going over the
side the magistrates were seized by
the arm and stripped to the waist.
Each one was led to the gangway,
where a vigorous boatswain gave him
thirty-nine lashes on the bare back
and then hustled him over Into a boat
amid the cheers of the whole ship's
How Tobacco Got Its Name.
The origin of the word tobacco Is
not definitely settled. Oviedo, one of
the early Spanish chroniclers, says it
was named after a Y shaped Instru-
ment which was commonly used as a
snuffing tube. The two prongs were
placed In the nose, and fumes of the
powdered leaf were Inhaled. This was
called "tobaco." which was the name
given to the plant. On the contrary,
one of the Islands of the West Indies
Is said to have furnished the name.
It Is asserted that tobacco was flrst
taken Into Spain In l;V M by l-'ernan
dez. a physician, who had been sent
by Philip II. of Sp« in to investigate
the products <.f Mexico It next
reached Portugal, was soon Introduced
Into France by the French ambassa-
dor, Jean Nieot, and sent to the Portu-
guese court in 15J3S) When he re-
turned to his home he presented some
of the seed and leaves to Queen Cath-
erine de' Medici, aud the scientific
name of the plant was thereafter des-
ignated as "nicotine" In his honor.
Balancing an Egg.
All the world knows how Colum-
bus on a historic occasion made an
egg stand on end. After many learn-
ed theories had been advanced on
balancing the eirjr he set the egg on
end by. of course, mashing down hard
enough to form a base, but the prob-
lem Is capable of still another solution
It is an easy matter to set an egg on
a plate, for Instance. If you know ho\*
The trick Is Impossible until the egy
has been boiled In an upright position
The position of the hardened yoke at
the end of the shell lowers the center
of gravity until the sphere can be
spun or even balanced with ease.
Weight of Brain.
The average weight of the human
brain Is forty-nine and a half ounces
avoirdupois for males and forty-four
ounces for females. In males the
minimum weight is about thirty-four
ounces and the maximum sixty fiv#
ounces In females the minimum
weight is thirty-one ounces and the
maximum fifty-six. In newborn In-
fants the brain welsrhs about 11.65
ounces for the male and ten ounces for
A Beneficent Rule.
"So yon are ninety four years old!
To what do you attribute vour long
"A good ninny things have contrib-
uted to it. the most Important. I think,
being the care which I have always
taken not to set Info a fight with h
bigger man than myself."—Chicago
The Old Habit.
Towne—I suppose you have heard
that old Lawyer Sharpe Is lying at
the point of deft'ti? Browne—No
Well, well, the ruling passion strong
in death, eh?-Philadelphia Press.
flow poor are they that have no pa
tlence!—S lit W < Hpea re.
THE NEWS, 10c PER V/EEK.
LAdOK bAvirttf DEVICE.
Elimination of Back Breaking Feature
uf Daily Household Duty.
Women are generally agreed that
one of the most serious features of
household work Is the incessant stoop-
ing which seems to be necessary in
the performance of the dally routine
of the housework. Doctors claim that
it is this alone which Is in a large
measure responsible for the many ills
and aliments which women are afflict
ed with and which the men are free
from. So many of her daily tasks re-
quire that she should lean or stoop
over that It Is not long before this un-
natural attitude Is responsible for
some serious and chronic illness which
often makes her an invulid for the
rest of her life.
The stoopless dustpan which has
been •ecently invented enables her to
do the work of gathering up the accu-
mulations on the floor without the
least inclination of her body. The new
implement has a long handle by which
It is carried conveniently, and at the
same time the handle controls the op-
eration of a lid which opens for the
reception of the dust when the pan Is
placed on the floor, and as It Is raised
after gathering up the accumulations
the lid closes, hiding the contents from
view and prevei ling their being scat-
tered by the wind or by accident.
SHE BINDS BOOKS.
Julia Marlowe Learned Trade In Ger-
man Town While Seeking Health.
Julia Marlowe is one of the many
professional women who have taken
up some handicraft In addition to
their regular work. Moreover, she be-
lieves that any person, no matter of
what profession or trade, is better off
with a knowledge of some other pro
fession or trade.
Therefore Miss Marlowe became a
bookbinder. She has achieved consid
erable success along this line, and her
flrst completed work was given to ber
teacher In Nauhelm, Germany, where
she got her Idea of learning the trade.
The interest in the art of bookblnd
ing is not merely a passing fancy with
Miss Marlowe. She devotes much 01*
her time to it. and In furtherance of
this intention she has had her country
place at IHrhinount. in the Catskills
fitted up with an equipment of book
binders' machinery and tools so that
she can practice the art to her heart'-
"After the season closed in New
York one year," said Miss Marlowe.
"I was tired out, and, in addition. !
had some trouble with my digestion.
My physicians ordered me to the Ger
man baths, recommending the Bad
"Nauhelm Is a quaint little German
town, and with the exception of w.v
ters there is absolutely nothing to at
tract one. I consulted a German spe
cialist there, and he absolutely forbad >
me to do any studying or mental work
of any kind 1 was fast getting bored
"I used to take walks around the
town, and ol one of these pilgrimages
down the main strasse I was attracted
by the appearance of a certain shor
As I peered through the glass I sar
an old man at work at a bench l-ind
Ing books. He noticed me, came to the
door and Invited me to enter I begar
my lessons that day.**
When Washing Colored Frocks.
Set the color in strong salt water o
sugar of lead.
Wash In tepid water, never in hot
Use a pure w hite soap. Make it intr
Dip the gown up and down in thf
soapsuds. Never rub soap on mate
Never use bluing in colored mate
rials, as it may ruin the color forever.
Wring or squeeze gown well and drj
quickly in the shade.
Too hot an iron will fade a colored
gown even nfter all these precautions
Press colored frocks with a thin
piece of muslin between the iron and
Organdie and nwlss look much better
if rinsed in water to which a table-
fpoonful of gum arable is added.
Up to Date Millinery.
Girls who have "Merry Widow" hat?
left from last summer can bring them
up to date with little trouble If they
have a taste for millinery.
First the xlge of the brim is wired
then faced on the underside.
Folds of foft chiffon are pretty for
the purpose, but anything dainty wlli
Very little i f It shows anyway after
I he hat Is finished. Then the brim I
turned down all a round, fluting as on.
goes*, which transforms the shape to h
mushroom m< del.
The brim stands straight, then and
rtenlv falls into t*utes.
The outside ma;- be prettily trimmed
The captaiu of industry who can give
In a j:nt« hell the only recipe for mak-
ing *ii ■ . !.!• ' prosperity opens up
about the time congress quits work
each year and keeps the stage until the
Memorial day orator comes along with
his sweeter If less practical song*
From the flowers and the poetry of the
soldiers' festival the mind turns for
ward natural:, to the thoughts which
belong to Independence day. The men
who carved our independence hardly
knew the meaning <>f the word pros-
perity. much less of the word eco-
nomics. Neither did their sons and
grandsons. For nearly n century A met
Icaulsm meant lighting or readiness to
fight for nr.'.inutility. Talkers and or-
ators rung the changes on that. And
for nearly v.If a century since we
have reaped where others Mowed. The
spring oral r stnrfc In with reaping
usually, although now and then a pes-
simist like Hill drops a h'nt that It's
well to look to sowing n bit.
The Fourth Is a good time to en
phaslze the necessity of sowing. It is
sacred to virile nationalism, the na-
tionalism that builds states and plows
for a crop of manhood. The right
kind of sowing leaves nothing to worry
about aud no necessity for continually
coddling prosperity. The men who
made the state took It for granted that
the people would have enough to livi
on so long as tliey stood by tho ship.
Here's where sentiment Is more prac-
tical than commercial shrewdness.
With the natlou sound on the main
question, all that happens must come
The judge who sentenced a woman
to ninety-nine years evidently has a
particular view ou the old age habit,
but It is difficult to tell what particu-
lar view It is.
Waste of good money to spend thou-
sands for auto and aeroplane thrills
when "just as good" come for 10 cents
a thrill as you shoot the chute a la
The inventor of a snore cure has been
arrested. He should have known bet-
ter than to Interfere with a popular
A feasible plan to avoid the neeet
sity of "assimilating" Cuba would
probably get a hearlug in Washington.
Castro Is an example of how small a
hole is made when a needle is drawn
from the ocean.
Lest we forget, "Remember the
Maine must be raised."
Loug Distance Stunts.
Weston is a marvel, almost a freak,
yet he will have imitators. He teaches
that age is no bar to long, long tramps.
He has kept up the walking habit all
his life, and his old age achievement
must encourage others to take long
walks as "constitutionals." Now comes
the Marathon running craze, with its
test of endurance. Fortunately long
distance achievement and speed are not
essential for the promotion of health
by ruuning. A short run is good ex
erclse even though the pace never rises
above a dog trot.
Regularity in running makes the
sure runner. A steady gait brings aL
the muscles and organs Into play and
gives the body perfect exercise. A
three mile run Is a good performance
for the average man. The American
Indian at his best would trot for
twenty-four hours, lie would cover
not more than a hundred miles In that
time, but still It was healthier exercise
than going twenty-six miles inside ol
three hours or fifteen miles in an houi
and a half. By cutting out the speed
feature and the aim for extraordinary
distance records the running habit may
promote soundness of physique foi
every strain that falls upon man.
The man who wasted three rifle
shots on a balloon so near that Its oc-
cupants beard his challenge unwitting-
ly gave a demonstration In military
aeronautics. Not only is a target high
In the air unstable, but air currents
deflect the missile.
King's New Discovery. "After three
weeks' use," writes Mr. Blevens, "he
was as well as ever. I would not
take all the money in the world for
what it did for my boy/' Infallible
for Coughs and Colds, its the safest,
surest cure of desperate Lung dis-
eases on earth. 60c and $1. AH
druggists guarantee satisfaction. Trial
bottle free. •
Prof, Arthur 1 . Greene
Musical Director and Jrifanlst Bap-
tist White Temple, Oklahoma City.
Conductor First M. E. Choir
Voice Culture, Expression In Singing
The Old Italian Method'
Teaching in Shawnee Fridays and
Saturdays. Studio 424 North Mar-
ket Phone 230, HERE '"O STAY
MR8. BROWN CARR
lira. Browm Carr has Just returnei
aome from Moler College, Chicago,
<rhere she spent two months In
•aklng a post-graduate course In fa-
■1*1 and body massage, manicuring,
lalrdreasing, marcel, chiropody and
•lectriolysls. Will make calls.
The long back and hip length clean-
ly denote that this Redfern style is
for a stout figure. The bus* is
medium in height. The length of
waist Is secured without throwing the
bust so high that it feels and appears
unnatural. Two hooks firmly hold to-
gether the material that extends be-
low the corset clasp.
Rubber Button Hose Supporters.
Model 28, Coutillc
Model 2828, Batiste,
$4.50 per Pair.
THE MAMMOTH DEPARTMENT
I.oudoners hail American slang as a
"real refreshment to English ears."
London slang must sound as horrible
to the natives as It does to the
stranger within the gates.
Cubans will do well to remember
that even with the big stick gone Uncle
Sam has the slipper, the strap and the
hickory wo i!., to fall back on.
Some ardent eulogists of Tom Palm
need to be reminded that one of the
most popular works of their hero is
entitled "Common Sense."
It seems that the question "What Is
whisky?" Is to be a poser for every ad
mlnlstratlot . matters not who has th«
say or what the say Is.
If but a slntrle lock of Washington'
hair was left f >r posterity It Is time
to look Into the Widow Oustis' view-
«m woman's rights
THREE LINES, THREE TIMES, 25c.
After a t r along Pay Streak the
eastern m' ! will be opeu to ti:*•
nmended rdvlep, "Go northwest, yotinr
NEW* AD8 PAY WELL
Program Till Thursday.
NADELL and BELL
In their Electrical Spectac-
ON THE WORLD"
Miss Elsie Maie Wilson
The New York Actress as
"THE GIBSON GIRL"
WAGNER and GRAY
Presenting the Japanese
"WON AT LAST"
"ALA BABA AND THE
Balcony 10c, Lower floor 20c
CHANGE OF PROGRAM
THURSDAY AND SUNDAY
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
The Shawnee News. (Shawnee, Okla.), Vol. 14, No. 235, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 20, 1909, newspaper, October 20, 1909; Shawnee, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc89855/m1/4/: accessed May 17, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.