Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 14, No. 6, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 7, 1905 Page: 2 of 16
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OKLAHOMA FARMER, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 1905,
ANY PROBLEM IN CENERAL ACRICULTURE WILL BE DISCUSSED IN THIS DEPARTMENT.
dose must be repeated to Keep down
the ling population. Try using as
much lime as Paris green in the so-
lution. Lime makes the Paris green
stick well to the leaves and stems.
The better it sticks the worse for the,
bugs, as this Insecticide kills by being
(By Clinton M. Schultz.)
In spite of the severe storms in 0k-
lohamos farmers are rushing to that
country in greater numbers this year
than ever before, and today it is the
best place in the United States for a
young farmer, or an old one, when it
comes to that, to make money on
man would riot
wet his feet for a doz-
The cream separator is slowly push-
ing its way into the south. When it
is fully established there the farmers
will enjoy greater prosperity I ha never
The scrub farmer seems to have
affinity for scrub stock, it takes
thoroughbred man to appreciate
thoroughbred horse or cow.
The farmer boy who is ashamed
his profession has hail bad training by
a poor farmer or a father.
The gingseng fakirs, after a bad sea-
son caused by a frigid blast lroni the
agricultural department, are begin-
ning to look up again and their adver-
tisements of seeds and roots are crop-
ping out in the farm papers, Gin-
seng is a good thing to let alone.
Some farmers will ily into a passion
if the barn door sticks in the grooves,
and yet these same men will let their
wives wrestle all summer with a brok-
en down heavy gate to the garden.
A real good farmer saves his legs by
the use of his brains. It is not al-
ways the man who works the hardest
who makes the most money. We know
a farmer down in Hancock county 111.,
who was so lazy that he never walked
more than a hundred yards at a time
in his life, and who weighed two-
. hundred pounds when he died; but he
accumulated $GO,(H)0 and he held a
mortgage on the farms of at least three
of his neighbors who worked like
tigers all the time.
Constantly doing one thinpr—always Im-
proving, strengthening, simplifying, mak-
ing better and better—tUat's the reason why
(five such universal satisfaction;
that's why threshermen prefer them.
Our catalog is full of other good
reasons. It's free; write for it (ouay.
M. Rumely Co., La Porte, Ind.
If you want a good dairy herd, bet-
ter build it up yourself. If you do not
know what, a dairy cow is, get some
honesl neighbor who does to pick out
two first-class animals for you. Use
the best bull you can get, even if you
have to go ten miles for him. The
rule of selection and common sense
thereafter will produce a good herd
The depth at which seed should be
planted depends upon the quality of
the soil. Much good seed is smothered
by being planted too deep in heavy
soil, their vitality being insufficient to
force them through the crust. Seed
planted too shallow on light soil dry
ii)) and fail to sprout from lack of
moisture. Use common sense.
Plenty of clover is the keynote of
good farming. Be sure to get a stand
Nitro-culture is doing more tor the
south than any other agency at this
time, because it is making alfalfa and
dover grow where it never grew be-
We once visited a farmer near Ad-
rian, Mich., who had several hundreds
of tons of manure lying in immense
heaps about his barn. We asked him
why lie did not use it. on liis land, and
he replied: "I heard my father say
once that black manure pizens the
land." Strange to say, this man raised
good crops of nearly everything.
A woman has better success with
chickens than a man, because she pos-
sesses the mother instinct. A woman
out in a rain-storm to rescue
little chick any time while a
AS LOW AS m PER ACRE WITH IMPROVE-
MENTS. Much land n< w I*1uk worked paid a profit greater
than pun-bane price the ti rut year. ton* Hummers, mild Wiuters.
H -1 shipping facilities to «eet eastern markets at lowest rates.
Host church, school and social advantages. For list r®,e*
and what others have done write to-day to P. 1I.LAHA1 MK, A«r.
and Ind. Agt., Norfolk aud Western liy? H° «75 Boanoke, >a.
liig Indian Farm.
The largest farm ih the world is
probably a farm of 50,000 acres on the
northern boundaries of Oklahoma. It
belongs to the Indians and is leased
to American farmers, the Miller
Brothers, who are credited with con-
ducting the most perfect farm in the
world. The farming is done on an
extensive and modern plan. No slip
shod methods are permitted, it costrf
nearly $lo0,000 a year to keep this vast
farm in oi>eration. One-fourth of this
amount is paid for hired help. Ten
thousand acres are put to wheat, .5,
0„0 to corn and 2,000 to sorghum.
Sod Hound Pastures.
Bluegrass is a monopolist, growing
both from seed and from roots. It
constantly attempts in lands well
adapted to it to entirely occupy the
ground, it hence becomes sod-bound;
not merely sod-bound, but being unable
to obtain nitrogen from the atmos-
phere as do the clovers, it becomes
nitrogen hungry, starved, so to speak,
and hence must have some plant
growing with it that can feed it with
This explains why when blue grass,
begins to become thin through being
sod-bound, or otherwise, white clover
usually starts up and apparently mo-
nopolizes the field. A year or two
following you may expect to find blue
grass, because it lias been fed by the
white clover. "White clover, however,
is not a rank enough grower for goo-l
pasture and therefore red clover
should be sown in blue grass fields
every two or three years. The easiest
way to d othis is to use a disc drill,
which by cutting the roots, will de-
stroy the sod-bound condition an
at the same time sow the clover.
When hogs turn a blue grass pas-
ture upside down there is a wonder-
ful growth of blue grass the next year
even without seeding. Many a man
has thought bis blue grass pasture
was ruined by an unringed brood sow
but found out he was mistaken. Now,
you can serve the same purpose by
using the disc and sowing clover seed.
From the illustration here given it
will be found easy to know Jimson
weed, which is very common in many
vacant lots, both in town and coun-
try. It. should be dug out, for it is
quite poisonous and has caused the
death both of children and stock.
Children play with the large flat
weeds and frequently take them in
there mouths, where the poisoning
most often manifests itself. The seeds
are also eaten by children and result
in poisoning. Mow the weeds as soon
as they appear and give the grass a
chance to grow in their places.
on the wheat ground. To be sure of
this sow one-third alsike.
Pumpkins with corn cost little more
than the gathering, and are that much
clear gain. The seed should go in
when the corn is planted. To wait un-
til the latter is up is too late.
On sandy soils, nitrate of soda
should be used cautiously, as it leach-
es so readily that it should be applied
only in small quantities. Better try
some nitrate of soda—little and otten
—not over 100 pounds to the acre.
A ."dead furrow" Is a mean thing
to have in the. cornfield all summer;
besides it usually spoils a whole row
of corn. We plow it out deep, thefl
work the soil back into the furrow
ro as to leave it almost level again.
A few neighbors do the same, and
they count it a great advantage.
When the first bugs make their ap-
pearance in the potato patch, it" is
time to begin spraying with Paris
green, keeping it up at intervals. The
Sugar lieets not Far Fast.
The sugar-beet industry has been at-
tracting less attention from Eastern
farmers of late years. Most of them
have about concluded that the busi-
ness is better suited for the dry cli-
mate and cheap, fertile soils of the
west. An eastern observer, recently
back from the sugar beet districts of
the west and northwest reports the
industry in a somewhat doubtful con-
He believes that the outlook is good
wherever the business has been under-
taken in a business-like manner. But
in many localities the results are seen
of poor judgment, over-booming and
lack of trained skill and experience.
He saw large areas planted on stump
land or on moist, wet soil, in no con-
dition to raise crops of this kind.
Many fields were only half culti-
vated. owing to the scarcity of labor
and careless methods. Some of the
factories were poorly located and even
built by unskilled engineers, in some
localities it was actually claimed that
sugar millls had been put up merely
to raise the value of surrounding land
rather than for actual business.
The goOd prices which have been
obtained for wheat and other staple
western products of late years have
also diverted some attention from su-
gar beets and have discouraged some
farmers from attempting to learn more
about the new product; but the ac-
tual progress of the industry is good,
everything considered. The acreage
has increased from twenty thousand
acres ten years ago to about twenty-
three thousand acres last yenr,
enough "to produce $270,000,000 worth
Gospel Spread by Train.
Prof. Holden's seed-corn special
train which was sent through Iowa
two. years ago has so stimulated this
method of teaching farmers things
they ought to know that special cars
are now used to spread the gospel in
nearly every state. One of these use-
ful outfits has lately made a trip
through Western Maryland. The lec-
turers told the farmers of that state
how they could make $2,000,000 a year,
in corn alone, beyond their present
income. Their message and its argu-
ment apply with equal force to other
states. The farmers of Maryland aver-
age a crop of thirty bushels of corn
to the acre. The New York state aver-
age is about the same. Pennsylvania
averages about thirty-five bushels
Michigan thirty and New Jersey thir-
ty. Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Iowa
average about forty bushels. The ar-
gument of these missionaries is that
better cultivation in the eastern areas
would increase the average by ten
bushels to the acre. The argument is
American farmers, as a class are
far less progressive and far more
tenacious of old and fixed ideas than
our merchants and manufacturers.
IWhen the great western areas of In-
diana, Illinois, Iowa and Kansas were
invaded by settlers land was cheap
and the soil was virgin.
Big crops and cheap prices result-
ing from this combination convinced
the agriculturist's of the east that
competition was hopeless, and those
who did not migrate for the purpose
of sharing the wealth of the new re-
gion, settled at home with a conviction
that a living was about all they could
expect from their farms. This idea
became fixed, and it prevails today.
The conditions of today convert it into
a distinct fallacy.
Farm values in the west have in-
creased until they now approximate
those of the east. Thus dividing th.?
total value of farm land with improve-
ments, Including buildings, by the
number of acres of improved land, it
appears that an Illinois farm is worth
$00 per acre, while New York state
farms are worth $57. In point of pos-
sible productiveness it is doubtful if
the western lands are now much more
fruitful than the lands of the older
stales would be if they were intelli-
gently cultivated. In the matter of
price the farmer of the east has an
advantage in the markets.
The average yield of corn to the acre
in New England and the average (rice
obtained last year give each acre
planted in corn a producing value of
$26.80. On the same basis the Illi-
nois corn grower received for his crop
only $14.23 per acre, while the Iowa
grower received only $10.75.
Tennessee farmers are.finding good
profit in raising sheep, feeding them on
cottonseed meal, alfalfa, and a little
Molasses is rapidly coming to the
front as an excellent feed for horses
in the south. A large factory is being
built in New Orleans for the manufac-
ture of food containing 75 per cent of
I)o you know how much you lost last
year by not owning" a correct stock and
wagon scale? You admit you need one.
Why don't you write for our catalogue.
Steel Pitless Scale
just out. All complftp, ready to weigh
on except platform plank. No pit. No
wall. All steel. New construction. You
will like it. We mnke nil kind* of scales.
Do yftu know a good agent for us? Do us
and him a favor, show him this ad.
We want him Now.
OSGOOD SCALE COMPANY
ftox167t Ulntfhnmton, N. Y.
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Greer, Frank H. Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 14, No. 6, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 7, 1905, newspaper, June 7, 1905; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc88054/m1/2/: accessed September 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.