Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 49, Ed. 1 Wednesday, April 5, 1905 Page: 2 of 16
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OKLAHOMA FARMER, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1905.
ANY PROBLEM IN CENERAL ACRICULTURE WILL BE DISCUSSED IN THIS DEPARTMENT.
Crops that Pay Best.
(John R. Wpears.)
The methods by which the improv-
ed crops are produced are simple and
open to all planters. Where the land
was plowed and harrowed once before
planting, it is now plowed twice and
harrowed and worked with a cultiva-
tor, perhaps five times, for some crops
before the seed is put in. The use of
various legumes for improving the soil
has become a regular practice. By the
selection of seed and the crossing of
varieties, productiveness and the other
good qualities as well, have been grea'-
ly improved. As an instance of this
improvement, it may be noted that
where a crop of 100 bushels of shelled
corn was called good, there is now a
record of 283 bushels—all of which in-
crease was due to the crossing of va-
rieties and the selection of seed.
But it appears that the chief fac-
tors in the increase of farm crops are
formed in the conservation of soil
Germany 400 bushels is not an infre-
In Canada the yield on small plots
carefully managed rose as high as 772
bushels per acre. Seven varieties
gave over 60Q bushels per acre, fifteen
turned out more than 500 bushels and
for sixty-one the crop was 400 bush-.ds
While no such yields have been se-
cured from large fields, it is man!tost
that the lesser yields in field planting
are due to inferior cultivation. Morn-
over, even with what, is called "fiei.r
cultivation, the best farmers receive
from $250 to $300 per acre of potatoes.
In turnips with present day cultiva-
tion a crop of from 500 to (iOO bushels
is gathered. Where mangles former-
ly producel GOO bushels, modern
methods have turned out more than
50 tons, or say about 1,800 bushels.
In field beans the development has
been relatively small, but as cultivat-
ed now there are few crops that pay
planters scattered the world over
are willing to Hay under oath that
Kalzer'tt I urllcst \ etft'tablen are
from six to twenty days earlier than the earliest of their kind
produced from other seedsmen's seeds. Whvf Because for
more than one-third of a century Salzer's Seeds have been
bred up to earliness.
1 blit Kitlrer'ft Kcorcher I'ea 10c
— I | " •• Early Hird IturiUh 10«
L \ 1 " " Nulzer'w Enrllent Lettuce 10c
1 lis 11** Eur I lent Cucumber 10«
^ ' * ** *• Kurllcitt Heunn 10c
4th of"July Hweet Corn 10c
(Six (lays earlier than PeepO'Day)
1 ** *• 81* Weeks Verbena 15c
Above seven package* of earliest vegetable an<l flower novelties posi-
tively have no equal on earth for e%rlint*aa. If you wish the earliest,
fluent vegetables for your home garden or for the market, Sailer's seeds
will produce them every time. We mail you above seven big packages,
together with our great plant nnd seed catalogue for tt£ c Stiuup*.
FOR 1 6c. POSTPAID
We mail to you our big catalogue with Hulflcient seed of cahbagc, celery,
lettuce, onions, radishes and turnips to grow 90(H) luscious vegetables
and a package containing 11*00 kernels of beautiful flower seeds besides!
JOHN A.SALZER SEED CO., La Crosse, Wli.
the farm excepting around the outside.
The farm is divided into three patches
one containing clover, another wheat
and a third potatoes.
Not a pound or straw is lost to the
farm, but all is used to make manure.
He has twelve horses and a number
of hogs. He furnishes straw to the liv-
ery stables, the manure from which is
alll taken back to the farm.
The clover fields are mowed at hay-
ing time. The second crop remains
he sprayed the stalks five times during
the 'summer with a mixture lie made
by using five pounds of sulphate of
copper and eight pounds of carbonate
of soda. This was dissolved in fifty
gallons of water. The result was per-
factly satisfactory, and lie had less
damage from rot than any other year
since he began to raise potatoes.
In addition to plowing down a good
crop of clover and manuring the land
well, he used 900 pounds of special
iertilizer to the acre. The doctor says
the potato crop uses only about sixty
per cent of the fertilizer applied. Vv.i..
sowing wheat, however, he uses 400
pounds to the acre. He has demon-
strated that by his method forty to
titty bushels of wheat can be grown
to the acre. His aim is to raise liny
bushels to the acre, and lie says it
can be done.
A SCENE ON PRESIDENT ROOSEVE I T'S FARM.
Standing in front of the mower is N oah Seamon, veteran superintendent of Roosevelt estate.
moisture and in irrigation. The dust
blanket or mulching of tine earth has
often added much more lo the size ol
a nop than any quantify of expensive
fertilizers, but a proper system of irri-
gation to give the required moisture
at precisely the right hour is the most
inijoitant feature of modern scienti-
fic furni.ng. It is not too much to say
thai a proper use of lile drains in
combination with a sufficient supply
of in.gating water wou'.l double tbe
yield of nine-tenths of the farms lying
in the regions where it is commonly
belimed that ihe rainfail is abundant,
■•".v ^ 1 Tie rains i/iay affcic • sufl'icb" t
moisture for the average, it is of the
utmost importance that moisture be
applied at precisely the right time.
By the new methods of farming it
is now an easy matter to raise 30ft
bushels of potatoes per acre, while in
ti uck growers higher sums for the
ground occupied than string or snap
beans. For it is a poor variety that
will not give a quart of salabl epods
per foot length of drill, an.i drills may
i e made two feet apart. At five cents
a quart—a common price—the return
fhould be at the rate of $1,000 an acre
The yield of parsnips is put down at
500 bushels per acre in 190i, while car-
rots gave GOO. The more ca.\!ful culti-
vation now practiced has inci'trised the
average crop from 10 to 25 per cent.,
and prices for table variet'es are the
same—75 cents a bushel. Bui the rec-
ords show that a crop of •') tons of
carrots is not beyond reach, and par-
snips can be made to yield 30 tons.
In New Jersey and around Norfolk,
Va., a crop of from 5,000 to 8,OUO
quarts of strawberries per acre is called
good, but there are growers who cul-
tivate extra fine varieties with great
care, and thus produce from 10,000 to
15,000 quarts per acre. And the extra
fine berries bring from 10 to 15 cents
per quart, and in some cases as high
as 25 cents, where the ordinary crop
brings from 3 to 7 cents.
on the field and is turned down to
feed the soil. Clover produces nitro-
gen, which is very needful for the soil.
The commercial fertilizers do not con-
tain much nitrogen, and if they did
it would make them too expensive. It
is cheaper to allow the clover to sup-
ply this important ingredient, and buy
the fertilizer to supply the phosphor-
ic acid and potash.
The clover fields are plowed in the
spring and the. soil is then well cul-
tivated. When it is in proper condi-
tion the potatoes are planted. Before
the plants come up the field is culti-
vated several times. While the stalks
are growing the doctor cultivates the
ground repeatedly. In all it. is. gone
over twelve to fifteen times. Indeed,
aiter the average farmer imagines that,
cultivation would injure the potatoes,
each row .is gone through again; this
time using a very % arrow cultivator
and taking great care not to injure r.ie
In treating his potatoes tor blight.
A year ago we started a movement for
cotton growing in this new, untried realm
of northwestern Oklahoma and now at
Ihe first of March cotton teams all still
rolling in to our gin over a territory
stretching from eighty-seven miles north-
west in Beaver county to forty-three
miles south in the southern limits of Day
a territory twenty miles wide and 130
miles long in which cotton has proved
to be a remarkable success.
Messrs. Kwing Bros., yie owners of our
cotton gin, have reasons to be proud of
their successful run this season. Since
October 15 to the present their great
plant has been running most of the time,
and even now the end is not in sight, for
there are yet great fields of the white
staple still unpicked.
The best bale of cotton received this
year at Houston, Tex., the second cotton
marketing point in the world, was raised
• by our sturdy old neighbor, F. M. Cal-
houn, living three miles southeast of
Shattuck. The report of this from the
cotton factories of Houston is on file at
the Shattuck gin.
The Southern Cotton Growers' associa-
tion has stored one million bales for
Higher prices and limited next year's crop
two million bales by the merchants re-
fusing to grubstake the negroes unless
they reduce the acreage one-sixth, while
they raise the next crop—something never
before resorted to, to limit production;
therefore all cotton growers feel that ten-
cent cotton is assured for several years.
Our people over this vast region are
preparing to put out more than double
the crop of last year. Better methods,
earlier season and added experience, we
feel, will soon make this the very great-
est cotton country in America—a cotton
country without negroes for the work is
all done by white farmers who also
raise vast crops of wheat, corn, and
The Fa i me r'g Favorite every -day, i
' every occasion «>n^itie.s. For pull or
power their generating and traction
qualltieH are unHiirpasaed. They are rear*
geared, with nlngle or double cylinders;
burn wood or coal, or direct Hue for burning
Ht raw. The liuniely Separator and one of thr e
Engines make a modem threshing outfit, Free
catalog fully deHcril>eH them; write for It.
M. RUMELY CO., La Porte, Ind.
How a Doctor's Farm Pays.
A model farm is that of Dr. Fritch,
of eastern Pennsylvania. He com$
menced with six acres several years
ago, and last year raised 14,200 bushels
of potatoes, 1,600 bushels of wheat,
and 125 tons of hay on 145 acres. The
potatoes were raised on 41 acres.
Dr. Fritch rotates his crops on tn-
three-year plan. Clover is turned down
and potatoes are planted. After th>;
potatoes afe taken out the field is
sown with wheat and the next year it
grows clover. He confines himself to
clover, wheat and potatoes.
All fences have been removed from
32 YEARNS SELLING DIRECT
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We Have No Agents
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style, quality and
price. We make 200
styles of vehicles and
No. 723'y Driving Wagoa with % Inch 65 styles of harness.
rubber tires. Price complete $56. As Our large Cat&loTOe H No. 307 Fine Canopy Top S, rry. PHcecoin-
good as belli fur t-.> mure. TREE Send for It p!ele$103. As good as sells for more.
Elkhart Carriage (Kb Harness Mfg. Co.. ElKhart, Indiana.
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Greer, Frank H. Oklahoma Farmer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 13, No. 49, Ed. 1 Wednesday, April 5, 1905, newspaper, April 5, 1905; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc88045/m1/2/: accessed January 20, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.