Oklahoma's Governors, 1907-1929: Turbulent Politics Page: 136
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were members of the order, but Callahan's charge was
unjustified. Jewett made no attempt to direct the actions of
Klansmen in the legislature; many of them had joined the order
only for political convenience. Nevertheless, hair waving and
arms flapping, Callahan raged, "Jewett is controlling this
"That's a black lie!" shouted one legislator, while another
seized Callahan by the throat.51 The scufflers fell punching to
the floor as frantic sergeants-at-arms rushed in and friends
spirited Callahan off to a cloakroom. Ten minutes later, speaker
pro tempore Jess Harper had restored order. That afternoon
the house passed articles dealing with martial law statewide,
martial law in Okmulgee County, hiring of unnecessary
employees, appointment of Baskin to a judgeship, and refusal to
execute the death penalty.52
The next day the house completed its work on impeachment.
It passed articles dealing with pardons and paroles, illegal
deficiency certificates (two articles), the army of gunmen,
primary campaign expenditures, censorship of the press, and
improper financial gifts. The final summary article passed by a
vote of seventy-nine to seven. McBee then appointed Disney
chairman of a committee of seven representatives to serve as
managers or prosecutors of the articles of impeachment in the
trial before the senate.53
The senate called for Walton to answer charges against him
on November 1. The defense counsel chosen by Walton
included Viness E. Riddle, Warren K. Snyder, H. Bart Martin,
Claude Nowlin, I. C. Sprague, and Tom W. Neal. They knew
that to save the governor they had to appeal to public opinion,
so they hoped to justify his actions in office by calling witnesses
to testify of outrages by the Ku Klux Klan. The managers of the
articles of impeachment planned to thwart such strategy by
concentrating their efforts on the articles dealing with
corruption in office and by temporarily laying aside the articles
dealing with the Ku Klux Klan War.54
At 10:00 a. m. on November 1, Chief Justice John T. Johnson
of the Oklahoma Supreme Court convened the first court of
impeachment in Oklahoma's history. Confusion reigned as
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Fischer, LeRoy Henry, 1917-. Oklahoma's Governors, 1907-1929: Turbulent Politics, book, 1981; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc862886/m1/148/: accessed November 12, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .