The Capitol Hill News (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, November 9, 1917 Page: 2 of 8
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PLAN TO STOP THE WASTE IN EGGS
Poultry and Egg Shippers to Co-
operate With the Food
HOPE TO SAVE $50,000,000
Shippers Who Purchase Eggs to Pay
Only for Those Fit for Human
ing of Eggs Is Advocated.
Washington. — New methods and
equipment to save the $50,000,000
■worth of eggs wasted every year In
this country and make tlie poultry in-
dustry an effective ally In the cause of
food conservation were discussed re-
cently nt a conference of representa-
tive poultry and egg shippers with the
The conference was addressed by
the food administrator, G. II, Powell,
and E. Hearty of his staff, and I»r.
Mary Pennington of the United States
food research laboratory, Philadelphia
and W. F. Prlebe of the food adminis-
The waste In eggs In 1014, necordlng
to the department of agriculture year-
book, cost the country $50,000,000.
This year It will be fully ns large; for
although the supply has gone down,
price have Increased materially.
Wasteful methods In handling poultry
were also exceedingly expensive. The
food administration made practical
suggestions to remedy conditions, all
of which received the approval of the
Pay Only for Good Ones.
j It was recommended that shippers
Hvho purchase eggs pay for only those
lit for human consumption. The cus-
tom has been to buy eggs by the case,
without candling before purchase.
Candling inter was almost always sure
to show that a large percentage of
the eggs were had. To get his money
back, the shipper then had to throw
away the had eggs and raise his price,
which was felt all along the line to the
NOW ATTACK RED CROSS
Officers Directed to Trace Source of
da which has long busied Itself
against the government of the United
States, has nt last attacked the lied
Cross so nearly In the open that Gen-
eral Manager Harvey D. Gibson has
«ent a telegram to all division mana-
gers in the United Stntes to report to
him the source of every attack.
"Rumors and Innuendoes critical of
and calculated to embarrass the Red
Cross are being Industriously circulat-
ed us part of an unpatriotic propa-
ganda," wired Mr. Gibson. "Many sto-
ries, utterly unwarranted In fact, ema-
nate simultaneously from too many
parts of the country to be merely ac-
Mr. Gibson tutlmates that the sourer
of the propaganda will be found. He
"Every criticism or Innuendo against
the Red Cross should be Immediately
challenged and followed up.”
The stories are of many kinds. One
ts that the Red Cross sells and keeps
the money for sweaters and other ar-
ticles given for the soldiers. Another
1s that nearly all money contributed
goes for expenses and salaries.”
Of course the stories are maliciously
untrue. As Mr. Gibson says:
‘The Red Cross Is run as an open
book. It has no secrets. It Is making
a sincere effort to serve mankind, and
is doing It us carefully and econom-
ically as It knows how. The utmost ef-
fort is being made to give publicity
0 to all Its activities.”
Chilling of eggs to GO degrees Fahr-
enheit, or below, as soon nfter pur-
chase ns possible, was advocated.
Most eggs are fertile, and the life-
germ will deteriorate fast If not
chilled. Even In Infertile eggs the
bacterial growth develops very soon.
Wholesalers were urged to equip their
plants with the latest cooling machin-
All second-grade eggs. heated,
shrunken or cracked, should be mar-
keted ns often and as near the source
as possible. These are usually dessi-
cated or frozen, and are used by con-
fectioners and bakers.
Before shipping, all eggs should be
carefully rehandled and those badly
"checked”—that Is, with shells
cracked—should be removed. Packing
in standard cases Is recommended, to
prevent breakage. Eggs should be
gathered by farmers dally and market-
ed nt least twice a week.
Cause of Many Scandals.
The practice of sidling poultry with
feed, sand or gravel In their crops,
which Is paid for by weight with the
bird, Is discouraged. Tills crafty de-
vice has caused many scandals In the
Industry, and several municipal Inves-
tigations, notably one In New York.
Pressed poultry should he sold with
the crop en rely empty. All birds
should be kept in sanitary coops and
yards, and as soon as dressed should
he chilled to 40 degrees, or lower, to
prevent bacterial growth.
The conference passed resolutions of
support for the whole food administra-
tion program, Including federal license
PARISIENNE'S LATEST FAD
DEADLY "CALLING CARDS” READY FOR THE GFRMAN TRENCHES
Coin In an Apple.
Albnny, Ore.—When the Itev. C. L.
Seliuster, pastor of the Evangelical
church here, started to ent an apple
presented to him nt a surprise party
here one evening recently, he found it
contained a sufficient quantity of gold
coins to pay the expenses of himself
and family on n trip to the minister’s
old home In Ohio. He had been plan-
ning to visit his mother and the con-
gregation, learning of this, decided to
pay his expenses.
SAWDUST IN GERMAN BREAD
Analysis Shows That About Two-
Thirds Is From a Wood
Rome.—That German bread is main-
ly sawdust Is now proved by a military
attache oi the Swiss legation In Ber-
lin, who returned to Rome 111 with
dysentery. He brought n loaf of Ger-
man bread to see If It was responsible
for his bud health. Berne experts Just
analyzed the loaf and found It con-
tains corn, 12 per cent, barley, 22 per
cent and the remaining 60 per cent
was wood sawdust.
Bread tickets also are In force In
Switzerland. The dally allowance Is
The animal was caught by a bravo
poilu and is now the companion of Its
mistress. It Is submissive to one per-
son only and that Is the young lady
found In the photo. Paris has taken
to the idea and more than one Is seen
on the streets of the Parisian capltul.
250 grammes, about nine ounces. Su-
gar tickets soon will be Issued, with
monthly allowance fixed nt 18 ounces,
and rice nine* ounces. Butter is to be
rationed too, the amount differing with
districts, but nowhere to exceed three
ounces u month.
With the institution of rations In
Switzerland hundreds of German and
Austrian visitors left for home. One
reason was they can no longer send
home food by parcel post, and the
other, more potent, Is that under the
Swiss regulations food tickets are
only Issued after a thorough inquiry
about the visitors’ nationality and
business. A large inflow of people,
Intent on spying, thus is also stopped.
Now Has Another's Nerve.
Chicago.—Capt. It. Hugh Knyvett,
Intelligence officer of the Fifteenth In-
fantry brigade, Australian imperial
force, Is on his way back to the front
after being invalided home when a
Gorman shell Inflicted twenty wounds.
For six months he was paralyzed, but ,
today Chicago he was as vigorous 1
as ever, the result, he says, of the
transplanting of a nerve from another
man’s leg to his own.
Cuba Is building a canal 32 miles
long In the province of Matanzas to
reclaim a large and fertile area.
AMERICANS TELL VERDUN HORRORS
College Stu.dents Who Drove Am-
bulances Won Honors Before
Enlisted Men Came.
BATTERED VETERANS RETURN
$200,000 for Housemaid.
Alton, 111.—Miss Carrie Polntsnlot at
Alton ts named the sole heiress to the
large estate of Miss Matilda Lowery
of Grand Rapids, Mich., who died In
Philadelphia recently. The fortune,
estimate at $200,00q, was left to Miss
Polntsnlot after Miss Lowery met her
on a cold November day while she was
dong housework for u family living In
J WOMEN REPLACE MEN
! IN MACHINE SHOPS J
: — i
$ Ogden, Utah.—Women In over- t
J alls replacing men who have *
f been called Into the draft army \
t or have volunteered for service *
* with t'nole Sam’s Liberty army, *
t made their first appearance here 1
J when the Southern I’nciflc rail- J
« road employed about a dozen of J
; the fair sex for work In the lo- «
i cal repair shops. J ■
J The women will get their first •
t experiencing In “sorting" scrap \
J piles, separating the east Iron *
i slugs from the malleable, and re- J
J moving the steel and wrought •
t Iron. Nuts, holts, screws and £
J other small pieces will he *
> handled by the women, and If \
| they display sufficient strength •
* and ability In this line It Is \
J planned to put them to work *
* cleaning ears nml other heavier «
t work nbout the yards and round- *
* houses. ,
0 The "women In overalls” will J
* receive the same compensation #
0 ns that given the men who have J
J been doing the same work. 0
One Volunteer Describes Havoc
Wrought by Shell Dropped Among
Stretcher Bearers.—Two Hit
While Helping Wounded.
New York.—Some of the American
college boys who went over to France
last May ns ambulance drivers for the
excitement of the work behind the fir-
ing lines are returning home because
the ambulance work has been taken
over by the United States army and
will he done by regular enlisted men.
The following ts no extract from a let-
ter written by a Williams boy tw*o
weeks ago, who went over with his col-
lege unit to drive nn nmbulance at the
The last six weeks we have been
serving In the Verdun sector with our
base nt Blercourt, which ts eight miles
from the town of Verdun. There are
two front posts for the ambulances—
Mart Homme hill and Hill 604, which
have figured In the news of the new
battle of Verdun. For two weeks the
French were preparing for ttie attack,
and the roads were only passable at
night. The communication trenches
were awful to get through, and were
made worse by the heavy rains. One
night Inst week two of the hoys got
lost in the darkness and could not find
their way with tlielr ambulance to thy*
post. Finally they sighted two dark
objects, which resembled French sol-
diers walking nlong with their big
overcoats on. After Jabbering their
peculiar brand of French for 15 min-
utes without Deceiving any reply the
lost ambulance drivers discovered that
the dark moving objects were two
American army mules, unable to
speuk or understand a word of French.
Hit While Helping Wounded.
“Two of our chaps were Imdly
wounded at one of the tlmt-ald stations
while helping to loud wounded men
Into the ambulance. One was blown
right through the door of the shelter
hut and was discovered lying uncon-
scious beside three dead French sol-
diers. The boys who got them out had
to go through a gas attack und u bar-
rage fire. Two of them—each ambu-
lance has two drivers—had no time to
get masks and were very sick after
It was over, but they were going so
fast thnt there were no fatal results
from the gas.
" ‘Mac,’ one of our fraternity, has
been wounded In eight places. He
lost his right leg and two fingers, while
his companion, ‘Vet,’ will have a stiff
leg all Ills life from the effects of his
wounds. They have both got the Wat
Cross nnd military medals.
“The worst experience of oil hap-
pened to two of our college boys—Jim
Alexander nnd Taffy Young. While
they were driving nlong a rond lined
with batteries, which the Germans
were trying to locate, with a wounded
man lying In the ambulance, a shell
hurst right beside them.
“Just before thnt the wounded man
snt up nnd asked for a cigarette, nnd
the shrapnel passed through the ear
where his head hud been resting n few
seconds before and struck the stretch-
er bearer, wljo was looking out to see
where we were, lie died thnt nfter-
no. >. Hud Jim not ducked he would
have .lost n leg, nnd If Taffy had
ducked he would have been badly
wounded. The ambulance was shot to
pieces by the shell, and they had to
hold up the dying man for three hours
until assistance came. During the at-
tack we lmd about twenty-four hours
sleep out of 184 hours, which was a
fair average for all the ambulance
drivers In our sector. During the Ger-
man nir raids one shell burst within
twenty-five feet of our camp nt Bler-
court at midnight. The mads are near-
ly Impassable now for automobiles. We
have been treated very nicely by the
French colonel In command of the
branch depot, who feasted our unit
with champagne, enkes nnd cigars, and
lms given us seats for all the shows
gotten up by the French soldiers.
Volunteer Spirit Gone.
"Several colonels and majors of the
American Red Cross have visited ns to
e what we are going to do now.
They all admitted that we could do
more for our country by enlisting In
the regular army In Paris. This Is,
for all the able-bodied men In the am-
bulance service. We were asked to
enlist. If we preferred, In the ambu-
lance service for the duration of the
war, but It would not be the same.
Most of the boys declined, and we nrp
going to Paris to Join up. Including my-
self. Tbo old volunteer spirit In the
ambulance corps lias gone forever_so
now for the United Stntes artillery or
air service In search of adventure."
Loading trench torpedoes for transfer to front lines. These are among the many powerful engines of destruction
-devised to spread terror and "nerves” among the German soldiers in the trenches. These winged messengers of death-
in re among the most feared missiles serving democracy’s cause on the fighting front.
AMERICAN TRANSPORT ANTILLES, SUNK BY GERMAN SUBMARINE
: -v ■ **
*r-- , j
'This is the American transort Antilles, formerly of the Morgan line, which wus torpedoed und sunk by a Ger-
njuu submarine while homeward bound from France. Six y-seven men perished.
PHOTOGRAPH OF A GERMAN A^ilAToFsURREf^^
- .•• ,;v" . ' .-r ’ r- •
This extraordinary photograph, considered by experts the most remarkable aviation photograph yet received In.
this country, shows a German aviator in the act of surrendering to his French captor. The German Is seen standing
In his machine with his arms raised as a token of his surrender. The picture was made by I.leut. Renl Grassnl of
the French army. The pilot of the captured German ulr raider Is making his way to earth to save his life. In an-
other combat Lieutenant Grnssal was killed.
GIRLS AS SUBWAY GUARDS
HOW THE KAISER APPEARS TODAY
The girl subway guard is here nt
last. Everyone knew it was coming, no ,
one when. She made her first appear-
ance on a Brooklyn Rapid Transit sub-
way train clad In the regulation blue
and brass and nil the other trappings.
Her name Is Miss Catherine Moloney,
nnd she officiated on one of the new-
est style subway cars, whereon the
floors, three of them, are opened and j
closed with the pressing of a button, j
kaiser Wilhelm, the man who set the world aflame with war, ns he looks-
today. He Is thinner than he was before the war nnd the lines In Ills face
show thnt the archenemy of civilization has suffered some of the pangs that
he has caused humanity. Ills figure has lost some of Its military carriage
and in this photograph, unlike those of the past, he Is making no effort to
eoneea the short left arm. On the kaiser's right Is his son. Prlnce Kited
Friedrich, "ho Is holding some of the Iron crosses the kaiser bestowed on
this occasion to Ids troops. On the kaiser’s left Is General von Kinkier Th«
photograph wus made on the occasion of the kaiser’s recent visit to TarnopoL
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Wilson, Amos L. The Capitol Hill News (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, November 9, 1917, newspaper, November 9, 1917; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc860738/m1/2/: accessed December 16, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.