McLoud Sunbeam. (McLoud, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 24, Ed. 1 Friday, January 20, 1905 Page: 2 of 8
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SKATE SAILING LIVELY SPORT.
Flattery sometimes acts IILe too
many lumps of sugar in cup of cof-
Young Klngdon Gould should bo ear-
nestly advised not to rhoot as long as
he can run.
Sailor May Travel a Mile a Minute
with No Power Save the Wind.
To bo one's self the mast and the
O'CLAHOMA t|]]er an,i iho boat sailing and skat-
ing blended at the speed of a high-
| class locomotive—this is the sport of
skate-salllng, says writer in Country
Life in America. In an automobile,
in a racing heel, on a blooded horse,
the man that guides by clutch or till-
er or bridle is a piece of dead frelgt t,
being to the extent of his weight a
drag on tho speed; but skute-sailing
alone, of sports that attack time,
makes use of the guldnnce Itself as
A Jersey hen that had lost her
cackle has developed a crow. There In j a part of llie propulsive force,
hope for Patti.
It is found to be much harder to ex
erminate Iho German carp than It war
to germinate It.
A New York judge decided against
i man suing for a dog bite. Every dog
lias his day in court.
If any motion Is needed, wo move
that the Chadwick matter be laid on
the table for a few days.
Much may be forgiven the Inventor
of that thinking machine If ho doesn't
develop it into a talking machine.
There he two Individuals who cannot
be reasoned with—a girl in love and a
man who Is determined to run lor an
Tho average woman thinks It's just
horrid if her husband Is jealous of
her. and just horrid If he isn’t, so
there you are.
A man who thinks he understands
women is just as likely us not to In-
vest Ills money in a perpetual mo-
No douht poor old Franz Joseph of
Austria sympathizes with tho czar In
the lntter's resolve not to add a purlin
ment to his troubles.
Tho man himself is both sail area
anil live ballast. With a forty-mile
breeze behind him, and clean, green
Ice ahead, the skate-sailer comes the
nearest we shall ever get to the wing-
footed god that slid down a rainbow.
Wings on his feet, and ills arms teth-
ered to great white wings, he is the
lyre of the wost wind in a kind of
rhapsody of motion. Ho is as sensi-
tive to the situation as a photograph-
ic pinto. Every tremor of the sail ac
tic* passes through him, and he
adapts himself momently to the vari-
ations of an off-shore breeze.
Tho old world dream was of a cen-
taur—mail-horse—two natures in one
body. In this twentieth-century sport
we liavo realized a man-boat. The
effort to prove that a man may cover
a mile a minute, unaided hy steam
or gasoline, hy the propulsive power
of wind alone, will be made this ad-
vancing season by some skate-sailers
BY (MARY DEVEREUX
WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY DON C. WILSON
(Copyri#Srt, WOJ, fy t/V/fr, £tronr>, &ntf C&n/any)
John Barrett says shirts cost $13
apiece In Panama. Still, for most Pan
amans a shirt constitutes approxi-
mately a suit of clothes.
Tho United States has thirteen bat-
tleships In commission—a very un-
lucky number for any nation that Is
rash enough to run up against them.
Dr. Spltzka now announces that Lom-
broso has given to the world only a
"hodgepodge of generalities." And
57,912 sensational Sunday stories, doc
HIT THE NAIL STRAIGHT.
Philadelphian's Trite Remark Well
Expressed the Situation.
A well-known minister. In nn ad-
dress, praised the quiet and domestic
type of life.
"Give mo,” he said, "the evenings
spent at home—evenings around tho
bright fire, the father and mother ab-
sorbed In good books, the children ab-
sorbed In innocent games. That is
the typical American evening, and I
am glad It is so common in the West.
In the East, I am sorry to say. It be-
comes more rare each year.
"It was to nn advocate of these
quiet evenings, a Philadelphian of for-
ty or so, that his gay wife said one
" ‘John, we haven’t chairs enough
for our company.’
“ 'There are plenty of chairs,' the
man replied, 'but too much com-
The explosion of that Galesburg
woman's false teeth marks tho advent
of a new terror. To their well known
falsity such teeth have begun to add
It Is just beginning to be understood j
by some people that it will he Impos-
sible to dig the Panama canal and
have ft full of water inside of two or j
If Tow Lawson Is patronizing a clip- j
ping bureau there is a prospect that
he may be driven Into bankruptcy
when confronted hy the necessity for
paying the bill.
George Meredith says America has
not produced one groat man of letters.
Evidently he hasn't heard of the Ohio
sign painter who recently was victor-
ious in a pugilistic contest.
Edmund Russell has a series of
rules on "How to Get Hid of a Lover.”
We select the most cogent: "Never
'augh when he laughs." That Is
enough for any girl to work on.
The Castle In Spain.
In tho midst of the gloaming.
While soli dripped the rain.
Ills thoughts fill to building
That castle In Spain;
And bright shone the vision
With mystical glow—
When sounded ;i whisper:
"Wake! Enter and know!
Ah. the court and tho turrets
He looked on with Joy
Wire only the farmhouse
lie loved when a boy;
And the Princess who dwelt there
For aye as his Pride
Was site who a decade
Had leaned at his side!
And the wine thnt he ordered
Ills cup-server bring
Was a draft from the faithful
Old pasture-lot spring;
And the wealth ot the Indus
That decked Ids abode
Was two darling faces
A trundle-bed showed!
While the music thnt quivered
And thrilled through the keep
Was a mother-voice singing
These children to sleep.
Tims then In the gloaming.
As soft dripped the rain,
He found he had entered
His castle in Spain.
Soon after midnight, with a south
sou’-west wind that was all the “Black
Petrel” could desire for a speedy fill-
ing of her sails, the ship started north-
ward, to a safe retreat—the island
known to Igtro and his followers as
tho "Barra do Hierro."
The day was coming, gray and
heavy looking, with a misty cloud
bank in the east promising fog later
on. Overhead, the pale dawn was ex-
tinguishing tho stars above the sea
that stretched, a dull green floor, In
Lafltte, asleep In ills cabin, was
aroused by a knocking upon the door;
and, to his instant query, Garonne’s
voice replied, with n suggestion of sat-
isfaction in its gruff tone, "She is
after us, sir, sure enough.”
“Where away?" demand Lafltte,
when he had admitted the mate, and
was milking himself ready to go on
declt. Laro was already there, for he
could be heard shouting to his men.
"Heap up the shot, Lopez!" he roar-
ed, “Heap them knee-high, I say; for
that cursed Britisher shall swallow
them hy the wholesale if she comes
"Where away, I say?’’ Lafltte re-
peated, with a note of sternness, as
Garonne, Instead of answering, had
paused in the doorway, and was look-
ing intently over his shoulder at some-
thing in the main cabin.
"Three points on the starboard bow,
sir,” the mate now hastened to say,
with an apologetic gesture. "She is
not yet to be made out clearly; hut
the lookout reports her as very like
Iho man-of-war we left In Fort Royal
When Lafltte came from his room
lie found Garonne, who had left him a
few minutes before, still standing in
tho outer cabin, and looking around
keenly, as if something were amiss.
Lafltte questioned him, and he re-
Both men were silent, for a while; as
they watched the stranger drawing
nearer. Then there came a noticeable
softening of Laro’s face as he turned
suddenly to Lafltte, and laying a hand
on liis shoulder, said, in a tone which
caused the dark eyes to turn from
the approaching ship and rest wonder-
ingly upon the speaker, “Jean, lad,
dost remember the old days, when we
first met at Le Chien Heureux, where
I taught thee to sing ‘As tides that
flow—as winds that blow’? Madre de
Dios—but tliou wort a boy to make
any man's heart hold thee close, as
mine has done all these years. And
I wonder—aye, oft do I wonder, has
my love of thee brought thee to last-
ing evil? I have been rough with
thee, lad, at times; aye, surely 1 have
of late. But my love for thee is the
same this day as it has ever been.
Never doubt that, Jean, my lad, what-
Startled at the manifestation of such
a mood in I^aro, Lafltte looked at him
with a silence due to amazement.
"I had a strange dream last night,
Jean,” continued Laro, in a tone curi-
ously unlike his usual one; “a dream
I feel is meant as a warning. I have
Indian blood in my veins, and so you
can better understand the dream, and
what it means to me, for it comes
only to those of my race whose end is
near. But I have no fear, and care
nothing as to how my end comes—
whether it be by shot, shell, or the
Ho stood more erect as he said this,
and spoke with an air of braggadocio.
"But somehow it has stirred old
times to light. Jean—this dream of
mine,” he added, relapsing into the
odd softness of look and voice.
"Rouse yourself, Laro—what has
come to you?” said Lafltte sharply;
for he was beginning to wonder if this
were anything more than a new phase
of maudlin excitement.
thought of it, and give your mind to j
more important matters, for If we are j
to reach the Barra de Hierro this,
night we must put aside such unsub-1
stantlal things as dreams, and keep a
lookout for the Englishman.”
Tho stranger was surely drawing
nearer, and the past twenty minutes
had brought her close enough to be
made out distinctly. She was, beyond
doubt, a man-of-war, and presumably
the same that had been the brigan-
tine’s neighbor in Fort Royal harbor.
“Have you the gun in prime order,
I-opez?” asked Lafltte, who now came
When the conditions are right cran-
berry culture is a paying- business.
____ _ The berries, being firm, are good ship-
and stood beside the old gunner. “Ah, j perSj and there is little likelihood ot
that you have, I sec,” he added with loss (n trans;t. peat bogs are consid-
a smile, after glancing at it, now di-
vested of its tarpaulin covering, “and
I look to you for its proper handling,
should occasion arise.”
Lopez, who stood with his assistants
clustered around him, replied with a
grin, “Never you fear, my captain, but
that the gun and myself will give a j
proper account of ourselves."
There now came a shout from aloft,
the lookout announcing that the ap-
proaching vessel was the Englishman,
and that she seemed to he preparing
‘Curse the wind—why won’t it hold
with us?" muttered Garonne, standing
near the group about the gun, and
Lafltte noted the gleam of hatred that,
for the second, made Ehewah’s face
fiendish as he glanced at the speaker.
Wind or no wind,” returned Lopez,
in a growl, “we are taking our own
course, and if yonder gentlemen
trouble us, their own fault it will be
if burnt fingers they get for meddling.”
'Stand by to take in the stun-sails!”
the voice of Laro broke in. The cap-
tain seemed to have recovered fully
from his recent mood, and to have for-
gotten the dream that inspire it.
‘Lively, you dogs!" he shouted
“Lively, there, and if that craft wants
to overhaul us, let her make the
The “Black Petrel’’ now changed
her course, and the other vessel did
the same, this indicating that she in
tended to give chase, but the brigan-
tine was by far the better sailer, and,
had Laro chosen to run southward, he
might have escaped.
This, however, would have carried
the “Black Petrel” away from her
proposed destination, a thing that La-
fitte, no less than Laro, scorned to per
mit, especially as the pursuer was of a
nation hated hy both of them. They
were therefore of one mind in the de-
termination not to submit to personal
inconvenience on account of the Eng-
The latter drew still closer as the
day wore on, when a little after noon,
the fog hank, which had been prom-
ised at sunrise, rolled in over the sea,
enveloping pursuer and pursued as in
the folds of a heavy blanket.
Lafltte was for keeping straight to
their course, but Laro, with sulky
persistence, claimed that their better
plan would he to anchor. He knew
that early the next morning—should
Garonne growled something under his breath.
Eroke Leg in Catching Fly.
There liavo been many cases where
hall players in throwing the sphere
--about have fractured their arms at
First cabin rates to Europe are to (ho ,,lbows or tho shoulder, but the
ho made $10 higher. That, however, rccortjB show only one instance where
will not. bo serious. The Important a piayor eVer broke both legs in at-
thing is to have money enough to getj (emptjng to catch a fly ball. Umpire
hack after one lias reached Europe. King, one of the American league’s
------ | judges of play, several years ago,
A Cincinnati man is mourning the wbne taking part in a game, ran after
loss of a sample enso of Bibles which] ik fouj fly. Ho misjudged It and In
was stolen from a saloon. So far no 1 suddenly turning around to make the
reports have been received of any-: outcb he fractured both knee caps,
body stealing a case of whisky from As a rosuU of this queer accident he
Representative Henry proposes n
hill to prevent rural free delivery car-
riers from “carrying packages more
than six feet In length." The package
should not be more than six lingers
The world isn't Informed exactly
what progress Mr. Andrew Carnegie is
was confined to his bed for seven
months and never played hall again.
Not Equal to His Task.
Capt. Stevens, an Irish gentleman,
was wont to reward his cur driver
with a glass of whisky and gave it
to him m an antique glass, which
did not contnln ns much ns cubby
wished for. "That’s a very qttare
making in itis noble effort to save the) glass, captain, said he. \ es,
disgrace of dying rich, hut Ills gift of plied Capt. Stevens, that s blown
$1,000,000 to St. Louis
will help some.
for a library i glass." "Why, captain," says the
carman, "the mnn must have been
_ 1 „h<irt in the breath that blew that.’’
Cincinnati has a citizen 110 years
aid who walks three blocks every da\
to a saloon. Ho must he fond of ex :
erclse. There is no place in the city
where he would have to go so far If
lie didn't want to.
However, the Linden Ijincet's
'earned opinion to the effect that tur-
Grapes as Diet.
Many well-known physicians insist
that to eat and repeat the perform-
ance three or four times a day will
work wonders witli thin, nervous
anaemic people who are prone to
worry and whose digestion is out of
order. All wo know is that the grape
van *S in hls’own ,mKsl.ntTflcUfashlon hfts "o.'ivlorful gastric virtues and is
he average American hail groped his
way to the same great truth.
perhaps the most digestible fruit
The clergyman who recently bought i
more than $4,000,000 worth of Now
York real estate appears to have a
Oirewil suspicion that It Is not so dll c“uwd b>' those sheering movements
Causes of Earthquakes.
There are many earthquakes which
there is reason to suppose liavo been I
ftcult for a camel to go through the
syo of a needle ns It is cracked up to
New York has an employer in court
'barged with working children 68
’lours In a six-day week, paying them !'"I! unknown, thlekness.
$3 for the week, and docking them 10
rents for talking ami 2 cents for be-
ing five minutes late. Is there any
shame KV in New York?
of the rocks which produce what go
| nlogv terms faults. Others Rre know n I
i which appear to have been caused by
the sudden dropping or fall of a eon
sldcrnble tract of the earth’s surface I
'with the underlying rocks of great
rases large areas of the surface, more
than 100 miles square in extent, sud-
truly sink, causing the earth to trcir.
le many hundreds rf miles away.
plied that w'hen entering the former’s
cabin he had seen the Indian, Ehe-
wah, glide from that of Laro, and dis-
appear hastily, as though not wishing
to he observed.
Lafltte laughed lightly.
"If he was in there while you were
knocking at my door, Garonne, he
would scarcely, unless he has sudden-
ly become deaf, fail to realize that he
would surely be seen coming out.
What cause for suspicion can He in
his coming here? You know well that
he is in the habit of doing so, and that
Captain Laro permits it.”
Garonne growled something tinder
his breath—doubtless, profanity; hut
thir was suppressed, as Lafltte seldom
failed to emphasize his disapproval of
such language in his presence.
"Have you a positive reason for sus-
pecting anything wrong from Ehe-
wah’s being here now?" he demand-
"Only that he has not been coming
about here of late,” said Garonne
•’Has he been forbidden to do go?"
was Lafltte’s next question, and Ga-
ronne admitted that he had not.
Then Lafltte, dismissing the subject,
went above, followed by the mate,
who, as the former had long known,
was about the only man among his
followers who had, in secret, but little
liking for him.
The sun had lifted above the hori-
zon, but its rays wore dulled by the
low-lying cloudiness stretching away
across the zenith from end to end, as
would a gray wall. To the southward
the sky was clear, and defined against
it like a phantom, ship that seemed to
he sailing toward the “Black Petrel”
was a large craft, which, growing
more and more distinct, appeared to
have fresher wind than that now par-
tially filling the brigantine's sails.
Laro, standing beside Lafltte, as
they both watched her, muttered n
"She is getting the benefit of what
we have had and left, In the way of
breeze. But we'll trust tho devil to
foul her hereabouts, and help us to
better wind farther along, although
1 am of half a mind to let her catch
us. If thnt be her intention, and then.
If she tarries to ask Impertinent ques-
tions, give her a good dose of Iron."
"Better keep away and mind our
own matters, unless she has Iho wish,
and gets the chance, to interfere with
us," replied Lafltte, moodily.
But laro remained silent, his eyes
fixed upon the deck.
"What is this dream which seems
to have affected you so powerfully?”
presently inquired I.afitte, thinking
that ^perhaps it might be better to
humor Laro than to show disrespect
for his peculiar mood.
The broad brown hand went again
to rest upon Lafltte’s shoulder, and
Laro looked off over the sea with eyes
which seemed for the moment to have
lost all interest In the approaching
“It was this, my lad: I sat at a table
heaped with fruits and wines, and
about me was such as makes tho heart
of man glad to be alive. But sudden
ly there came a flash of lightning,
with an awful peat of thunder, and
looking out upon n portico near me, I
saw a form clad like an Indian warrior
riding a horse black as the gates of
hell. Straight up the steps of the por-
tico the steed galloped, and into the
room, where it circled around the
table, until tho warrior drew his bow
and let fly an arrow that struck my
glass, and sent the wine, blood-red
pouring over me and my guests in
stream which grew, and grew, until it
was a red river flowing over the table,
and washing it away, and I awoke,
shivering, to see Ehewah standing by
my bunk, telling me that a craft was
in sight which looked like the English
I.aro's hearing, so changed and soft-
ened, no less than the dream he had
related, made Lafltte feel at a loss
what to say. He could not deny thnt
the recital had affected him strangely,
seeming to bring him into closer touch
with laro as the latter added, "I have
always known that to dreant of this
Indian and his black horse means
death to one of my family.”
The pressure of his hand grew heav
ier upon Lafitte's shoulder, and lie
raised his eyes, now filled with a soft-
er expression than the young man had
ever seen them hold.
“Jean, my lad, if anything happens
to mo. you will always take care of
1-azalie? Even though you have no
love to give the girl, you will let no
harm come to her?"
The sound of her name brought I.a-
fitte to his proper senses, and the per-
plexed look vanished from his face as
he exclaimed, “Mon dieu, Laro—what
nonsense are you talking? You, to be
so upset by a mere dream! Drop all
ered to be best adapted to this busi-
ness. The hog must be drained to
about 18 inches below the surface,
and pure sand must he spread over
it to a depth of several inches. The
cuttings—which should he obtained
from plants under cultivation if the
best results are desired—are then
set out, four in a hill, about a foot
apart. Plants yield most abundantly
from the third to the tenth year, and
will then average 200 bushels to the
acre. When it is known that $2.50
per bushel is a good average price, the
profit, after the first cost has been
made up, can easily be estimated. The
first cost is really the only expense
except picking, and this varies accord-
ing lo the locality. Cranberry culture
might he called a one-man industry
Vince one man can easily handle a
ten-acre marsh, except during harvest,
when he secures help from the adja-
cent ranches or from the Indians.—
Emma Seckle Marshall, in Sunset
Tlie advantage to land which is said
to come from keeping live stock on it
will be largely neutralized if the win-
ter accumulation of manure is not
carefully saved and applied to the
fields that need it. And it is to call
attention to this fact that, where cir-
cumstances will allow, hauling out ma-
nure directly from the stable to field
is now urged. It lias heretofore been
'stated that the liquid portion of an
animal’s excrement exceeds the solids
in fertilizing value. The records ol
the Wisconsin station indicate that in
cow manure there is .20 lbs. of nitro-
gen excreted daily in the solid portion
and .24 lbs. in the urine. In view ol
this, a little thought on the subject
will convince anyone that to throw the
manure out of the stable door and
leave it in piles there must be a groat
waste, by reason of the leaching away
of the liquids. They enter the ground
in the immediate vicinity of the pile,
and are practically lost; for the earth
thus saturated and enriched is sel-
dom utilized for crop growing, or is
carted away and spread as a fertilizei
elsewhere.—Farm, Stock and Home.
Independence of the Farmer.
The farmer should feel proud of his
profession, as it is one of the most
the fog lift by sunset-he could reckon "“f"1 an<1 necessary occupations. He
upon reaching the channel flowing in- <’°es not sit on the ragged edge ol
ward to the Barra de Hierro, and, al-
though its bars and reefs, while fa-
miliar to himself and his men, guarded
a course the stranger could not follow
does not sit on
doubt as to the permanency of his
posftion. He studies the laws of na
ture and derives maintenance from hei
bounteous stores. When times are
in safety, he did not care to risk point- j ^“y’oT bu“to oc-
cupy his time. If the farmer com-
mences with small capital his invest-
ment is sure to increase, for the
ing out the way to his island retreat.
(To be continued.)
Germany Has a Perfect System for the
Collection of Debts.
Writing from Bamberg, Consul W.
Bardel calls attention to a German
way of doing things.
earth often rewards the husbandman
an hundredfold. The proper manage-
ment of small undertakings leads to
larger enterprises. The well-tilled
farm produces abundantly, and the
“The most influential and most im- j farmer always has a surplus to sell
portant credit agency,” he says, “is an
association called the Verein Credit're-
form. This association is composed of
the best element of bankers, manufac-
turers, merchants and tradespeople in
over 400 cities in Germany, 175 in
Austria-Hungary, 75 in the Nether-
lands and with branches in every large
city of Europe. While these work en-
tirely independent each in its own dis-
trict, they exchange their experiences
in a systematic and honest way.
“The object is to look after delin-
quent debtors, to inquire carefully into
the solidity of business houses and to
give verbal or written reports on their
standing. A responsible secretary is
•that makes him independent even in
strenuous times. The farmer is the
foundation of the commercial prosper-
ity of the country.—Barnum’s Midland
Deep and Shallow Plowing.
Deep or shallow plowing is a sub-
ject of perennial discussion and often
fierce controversy; some parties there-
to insisting that one style of plowing
is the proper tiling under all circum-
stances, and the others claiming the
opposite. As a matter of fact each
side is doubtless right from its view-
point, and wrong from the viewpoints
of its opponents. Deep or shallow
constantly in charge of each office. His ] plowing is good or ill according to con-
pay depends upon tho amount of fees ! fljtjons of soil. In mechanical structure,
paid hy the members. The associa- ] jn tbo plant food it contains, the crop
tions Issue cards of introduction-for to he grown, etc. In short, the hard
the use of traveling salesmen which I and fact rules in farming that are
enable them to obtain fairly correct re-
ports on the trade they have to visit
in any place, no matter how remote
Finger Bowl Unnecessary.
“So you had a good time In the city,
“Oh, bang up, Martha. Why, cousin
took me out to dinner and it was
safe to follow at all times are so few
that they cut but little figure in good
New Farm Motive Power.
No more significant change is taking
place in American agriculture than the
extent to which different kinds of mo-
tivo power are taking the place of
men and animals. The use of the
traction engine and automobile in the
hope you knew howto conduct j of „)e horse on the rollntry
, „ 1 T nvnnnelir Iltrnm 1 ”
yourself properly, Hiram!
“Oh, yes; but at the tail end of the
dinner the waiter brought me a glass
bowl full of water.”
“Of course, Hiram!”
“But, Martha, I had drunk so much
by that time that 1 couldn’t drink a
mouthful more!"—Yonkers States-
That One Was Enough.
They had been married six long
months and the honeymoon had evi-
dently disappeared for keeps.
“I've only had one wish ungratlfled,
since our wedding day,” she said.
“And what is that?” he asked in a
tone redolent with indifference
“That 1 were single again,” she re-
The Soft Inpeachment.
Widow—Do you know that my
daughter has set eyes upon you?
Gentleman (flattered)—Has she,
Widow—Certainly; only to-day she
was saying “That’s the sort of a gen-
tleman I should like ior my rapa.”
road, the employment of gasoline,
steam, wind and electric power to op-
erate mowers, threshers, plows, feed
cutters, corn huskers, and dairy ma-
chinery are illustrations of epoch-
making changes that are now going
on on every modern American farm.
On one ranch in California there is
$60,000 worth of farm machinery op-
erated by other power than animal or
Good in Hairy Vetch.
Hairy vetch as a cover crop stands
at the very top. It makes the cover
all right even where seed is used only
at the rate of a peck to the acre. I
see, however, that the Cornell station
people have the same difficulty in get-
ting it to produce seed that I found
here and reported about a year ago.
One of our Western friends recom-
mended the crop when first beginning
to bloom, and promised a second
growth that would mature seed, but I
have not yet tried this. For my next
sowing I shall mix rye with the vetch,
and expect much from the combina-
tion.—Cor. Farmer and FireslU*
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McLoud Sunbeam. (McLoud, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 24, Ed. 1 Friday, January 20, 1905, newspaper, January 20, 1905; McLoud, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc860309/m1/2/: accessed September 20, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.