Luther Register. (Luther, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 10, Ed. 1 Tuesday, October 7, 1913 Page: 2 of 8
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NEW TARIFF LAW
WILL MAKE MANY
Synopsis of Measure on
Which Special Session
of Congress Has
MARKED CHANGES IN
THE AVERAGE DUTIES
Democrats Confident That the Coun-
try Will Be Benefited by the Alter-
ations, and That Business Will Re-
main Unaffected — Ad Valorem
Rate In the Bill Is From 27 to 29
Per Cent., In Payne-Aldrlch BUI
They Are 40.12 Per Cent.
Washington.—The Democratic tariff
revision bill, first on the program of
reforms mapped out when President
Wilson came Into office, advanced to
Its last congressional stage when It
was brought back to the house from
the Joint conference committee with
the unanimous Indorsement of the
The measure, of course, has both Its
friends and enemies. According to
the administration, It carries out
four of the party promises. Tariff re-
form, reduction In the high cost of
living, campaign against the trusts, In
that duties have been taken off of
many trust made article, and the In-
The measure, consequently, has a
larger Importance than that of a mere
tariff reform bill, and Its effect must
be widespread, both on business and
Industry, and alBo In connection with
politics Democratic leaders are con-
fident that business will suffer no un-
toward effect, that consumers will be
Changes In the Rates.
The bill Imposes an average ad
valorem rate of from 27 to 29 per
cent. The average for the present
Aldrich law Is 40.12 per cent. The
average for the Wtlson-Gorman act
was 89.4B per cent
Duties generally have been reduced
on all of the articles that enter into
the necessaries of life, Including the
products of the farm as well as manu-
Trust made products In many cases
have been transferred to the free list
or the duties at present Imposed have
been substantially reduced.
The Income tax feature of the bill Is
expect:-d io net some $83,000,000 It
will call for a tax on net Incomes of
unmarried persons of $3,000 and up-
wards and on net incomes of married
persons living together, where the
wife or husband !b dependent, of$4,-
000 and upwards.
Experts’ estimates Indicate a sur-
plus of $16,000,000 over all expend-
itures at the end of the present fiscal
A rate of 40 per cent Is Imposed
•n stockings and half hoae valued at
not more than 70 cenls a dozen pairs.
For stockings between 70 and $1 20
a dozen pairs a duly of 40 per cent,
was agreed upon.
The conferees eliminated the provi-
sion inserted by the senate denying
entry Into the American market of
goods manufactured by children under
14 yearB of age.
The final agreement provided that
any person employed to collect the in-
come tax may be utilized by the sec-
retary of the treasury In the general
service of the Internal revenue bu-
Larger Customs Revenues.
"The customs revenues will be larg-
er for the current year, 1914,’• Sena-
tor Simmons said, "because the rateB
of the Payne-Aldrlch law have been
for the force quarter, and will con-
tinue In force on wool and woolen
goods until January 1, and on eugar
until March I. When the next fiscal
year begins, July 1, 1914. all the rates
of the new law will be in operation
and the tariff duties collected will be
The Income tax which Is collected
for the calendar year can be collect-
ed for only ten months of the present
year, as the law specified that collec-
tion shall not go back of March 1,
1913. The estimated decrease In the
total expenditures of the government
for 1914, $6,000,000, Is bused on the
fact that smaller expenditures are
expected for the army and navy esti-
The bafance of the total estimates,
as given In the treasury estimates, la
made up of postal receipts, internal
revenue receipts, the profits from pub-
lic land Bales, and other sources of
Agricultural Products and Provisions.
Cattle, Bheep and other domestic an-
imals suitable for use as food, wheat
and wheat products and eggB, have
been transferred to the free list. Re-
ductions have been made on oats, but-
ter, beets, frozen eggs, peas, green-
house stock, zante currants, choco-
late and cocoa sweetened and extracts
of meats from the rates provided by
the house The rates have been In-
creased over those provided by the
house on broken rice, fish packed In
oil and ground spices. A rate of 20
per cent, ad valorem Is placed on
ground spices in addition to the spe-
cific rate provided by the house on
unground. The senate receded from
the reduced rate placed on flaxseed
and Its amendment placing a duty on
bananas. The house classification on
lemons and other citrus fruits is ac-
Schedule H, Spirits, Wines and Other
No changes of importance are made
In this schedule. The rates on gin-
ger ale and similar beverages are
slightly decreased on boltleB contain-
ing not more than one-half pint each.
The senate receded from Its amend
men! placing an Internal revenue tax
on grape brandy used in fortifying
Papers and Books.
The house rates have been reduced
on common paper, box, boards, papers
partly covered with metal leaf or
gelatine and plain basic papers for
albumenixlng for photographic print-
ing. The rates provided by the house
for surface-coated papers suitable for
covering boxes has been increased
from 36 to 40 per cent. The senate
amendments placing specific rates
graduated according to thickness and
Blze have been agreed to with Beveral
reductions In the rales provided The
rales agreed lo are approximately
TARIFF CHANGES OF INTEREST TO WOMEN
—Following are the changes made by the new tariff
bill In tha rates charged for Imports of
.......48.5 per cent.
Free after March 1,
......1 pound 7 cents.
......25 per cent.
26 per cent.
......Gallon, 2 cents.
18.90 per cent.
30.90 per cent.
35.70 per cent.
36 per cent.
Wool blankets .
Wool dress goods far
women and children. 99.7 percent.
35 per cent.
... 50 per cent.
30 per cent.
Cotton table damask .40 per cent.
25 per cent.
30 per cent
40 per cent.
30 per cent.
Trimmed hats . .
40 per cent
16 per cent.
Oil cloths .......
.....Bu., 25 cents.
Beans and lentila
.....Bu., 45 cents.
Nearly ali other vege-
tablea. natural state. 25 per cent.
16 per cent.
otherwise prepared .40 per cent.
25 per cent.
26 per cent.
4 cents. '
Vinegar, gallon ..
Apples, peaches, quin-
pears, green or
ripe. 25 cents.
Edible berries, quart . 1 cent.
Lemona, limes, grape-
fruit, oranges, pound.1 cent.
Free after March 1,
Cattle, each .....
Sheep, each .....
Barley, bushel . . .
Free after Dec. 1.
equivalent to Us ad valorem rati
provided In the bouse bill. A specific
rate has been placed on lithographic
views of scenes and buildings lo
cated In the United Htates instead of I
the advalorem rate provided by the
bouse. This amendment results in an
Increase In the rate of duty.
Roman, Portland and other hydraul-
ic cements, limestone, rock asphalts,
asphaltum. and bitumen have been
transferred to the free list. The bouse
rales have been reduced on lenses, i
surveying Instruments, telescopes, mi-
croscopes, photographlo and projec-
tion lenses In Increased on strips of |
glass for lenses and gauges, opera [
and field glasses A new classifica-
tion has been made for unmanufac- |
tured mica and a rate of 4 cents i
per pound placed on all valued at not !
more than 16 cents per pound and 26
per cent, on that valued at more than f
16 cents. This results In an Increase i
over the house rate of 30 per cent,
on the cheap glass of mica, costing
less than 14 cents, and a reduction of
all that Is valued at more than 16
cents per pound.
The senate classification of cotton
cloth, according to the average num
her of the yarns contained therein,
was accepted. Instead of the house
provision for the highest number This
slightly decreases the rate of some
fancy weaves and novelty cloth, but
on the greater bulk of cotton cloth the
rate Is not affected. The rates on
hed and dyed colored yarnB are
xsed and on cotton yarns and
s'“BIG DITCH” NOW
| spite unforeseen difficulties that have nesrs predicted
beset them at every hand stand the rush of the Chagres wa
Goethalt to Make Final Test. I ters. is admitted now to bo so strong
The first vessel to pass through the j that nothing short of an earthquake-
i canal probably will be a boat of the | such as has never been known In the
Isthmian canal commission, Col- | Central American region can harm
George W. Goethals, chairman of the It. The Gatun dam, Gatun lake and
I commission and chief engineer of the the Culebra cut, so gigantic are the
Removal of Gamboa Dike Means ranal» and hiB principal assistants proportions of each, dwarf the other
The final voyage through the canal if engineering works of the canal that
End of Work Is Near.
WATERS OF OCEANS MEET
Flr»t Steps Are Taken Toward De-
struction of Bijj Embankment
Which Holds Gatun Lake Out
of Culfcbra Cut.
The final voyage through the canal
scheduled for some time during this
month. Within another month it is
expected the waters In Gatun lake
will have risen high enough to bring
the waters in the entire canal up to
the deep water level required for the
passage of the largest ships.
It is said that as long ago as the
early part of August, assurances were
given Washington officially that if the
emergency should arise, the entire
In themselves have challenged
admiration of the world.
World Gives Goethals Credit.
To Col. George Goethals, chairman
of the Isthmian canal commission,
chief engineer of the commission and
governor of the canal rone, the world
will give the credit for the successful
completion of the Panama canal. Col-
onel Goethals could not have accom-
plished his task without the assist-
ance of such men as Col. H. F
Hodges, IJeut. Col. David Du B. Gall-
lard and Lieut. Col. William Is. Sibert,
army engineers, who have had charge
of various phases of the work, but
Colonel Goethals is recognized as the
part of the $375,000,000 which the
canal will have cost when it is com-
The rates on handkerchiefs or
*rs, not hemmed, have been de already
duced from 30 per cent., as provided ploded. The
by the house, to 25 per cent.
Atlantic battleship fleet could be put
Colon, Panama. Oct. 1.—The climax through the canal into Pacific waters
Of nine years of untiring work on the within 60 days from that date. The
part of the men who have been build- j work has been hurried with that end
ing the Panama canal came today in view, it is said, as no emergency
v*hen the waters of Gatun lake were 1 has existed, but this assurance is an Colonel Goethals is recog
permitted to run for the first time j indication of the belief of the engi- i real builder of the canal,
into the Culebra cut. This simple neers that their work is now practical- j Under Colonel Goethals the greater
operation marked the virtual comple- ly finished.
lion of the great isthmian waterway. Culebra Cut Caused Trouble.
The water was permitted to flow
Into the cut today through four 26-
■nch pipes extending through the
Gamboa dike, which has held the
waters of the lake back from the cut.
This was done in order that there
may be enough water in the cut to , i„v
prevent any damage when the dike is Col. D. D Oaillard. the engineer of
finally removed. | the central division,* is given the
The final destruction of the big dike credit for carrying this portion of the
Js scheduled for October 10, when j work through to a successful termina-
charges of dynamite placed in holes i tion.
already drilled in the dike will be ex- The disastrous slides in the cut
----- ■ - vux vauovu I lUUIRB. j ...... ..... WDl n IICII 11 In UUU1’
The excavation of the Culebra cut. j pleted has been spent. It has been by
t /X XX-$tl/lk • I. . . V. . . X- . . X _ fn a. t k .. a. a..12 A . . . 1. I t ,
Into which the water has just been
turned, has been one of the engineer-
ing feats connected with the building
of the canal, and has caused the en-
gineers more trouble than any oth-
I er portion of the big "ditch.” To
WORK DONE IN CONFERENCE
Original Underwood Bill Passed
A summary of the agreements In-
Drmally announced from day to day
---- explosion of these were discouraging to the engineers.
charges will not completely destroy nullifying in a few hours the work of
the dike hut will weaken It and loos- many weeks, but Colonel Gaillard and
his assistants have kept untiringly at
their work, and at last have conquer-
ed thp treacherous banks of the deep
cut. The engineers believe that the
danger of slides will be eliminated
now th.tt the water has been turned
into the cut.
A little more than a month ago the
giant steam shovels finished their
en the dirt so that the force of the
waters from Gatun lake will carry it
away Steam shovels will remove the
. remnants of the dike, leaving an open
passageway from ocean to ocean.
Canal Really Complete Now.
Although the canal will not be offi-
| daily declared completed for some
time, and the formal opening of the
waterway to the commerce of the | work in the Culebra cut. Since that
The tax rate on incomes of more
han $75,000 was increased by a grad-
ated scale from three per cent, to
duced from $4,000 to $3,000 for single
persons. The new provision allowing
a $4,000 exemption for a married per-
son provides ‘that only one deduction
of $4,000 shall be made from the ag-
gregate income of both husband and
wife when living together.”
Articles added to the free list in-
clude pig iron, ferro manganese ore
cheap grades of iron; cattle and other
food animals; wheat, flour, flax, hemp,
sugar refining machinery, school text
books, sand blast machinery, indigo
dyes, moving picture films, cement
Some Increases Made.
Increases from the house bill in-
Angora wool and articles made
Silk ribbons and narrow fabrics
from 40 to 45 per cent.
Lithographic views of American
Surface coated paper suitable for
covering boxes, from 35 to 40 per
Many kinds of acids.
Some kinds of paints.
A new classification for woolen
stockings, gloves and mittens makes
a reduction from the house rate on
those valued at less than $1.30 a dozen
and an increase on those above.
Reductions from the house rates in-
Common paper boxboards.
Papers used for photographic prints
Wearing apparel made of cattle or
Rough forms of dog and goat skins.
Camel's hair press cloth for use in
cotton oil mills.
Cotton stockings and half hose.
Perfumed and medicated soaps.
Chlorate of potash.
High-power lenses, surveying Instru-
ments, telescopes and the like.
Beets and other vegetables.
Extracts of meat.
House Rates Changed.
Through a reclassification rates will
be slightly reduced from those fixed
by the house on fancy grades of cot-
The tariff on automobiles, fixed by
the house at 45 per cent and radical-
ly cut by the senate, was compro-
mised by making a new classification
of automobiles valued at less than
$2,000, for which a rate of 30 per cent,
The 5 per cent rebate in tariff
made by the house bill on goods
brought in American ships was re-
tained with the added provision that
it should not “be so construed as to
abrogate or in any manner impair or
affect the provisions of any treaty”
the United States has.
That portion of the house bill re-
quiring foreign manufacturers or ex-
porters to submit their books to Amer-
ican custom agents was amended so
that if the exporter refused to allow
such examination an additional duty
of 15 per cent, ad valorem can be im-
posed on his exports.
Section fc of the Cuban reciprocity
treaty, which provides that Cuba
should have a preferential rate of 20
per cent, on sugar and that the gen-
eral tariff of the United States should
not be reduced below the figures of
the Diugley tariff law of 1897, U re-
world more than a year distant, the
I canal engineers look upon the de-
| Btruction of the Gamboa dike as mark-
ing the real completion of the canal.
The big engineering feats have all
j accomplished, the excavation
work practically has been completed,
far the costliest engineering project
in the world. Nearly three-fifths of a
billion dollars has been spent in dig-
ging a 40-mile • ditch.” This means
that the Panama canal has cost the
United States $10,000,000 a mile.
Over $16,000,000 of the total amount,
spent has been used to make the canal
zone habitable and sanitary. It has
been suggested that this Is an enor-
mous amount of money to spend in.
cleaning up a place in which few peo-
ple will reside permanently, but the
engineers say that the sanitation of
the canal zone was the chief factor In
making the canal a reality. The fail
ure of the French has been attributed
to a large extent to the fact that
the workmen could not survive in the
fever and pest ridden country.
The building of the great locks
which raise a vessel to a height of 87
feet above sea level at one end of
the canal and lower It the same dis-
tance at the other end. has been In
time the workmen have been busy charge of two of Colonel Goethals^
removing the shovels, the railroad
tracks and other machinery used in
the excavation work There is still
some dfrt to be removed from the cut
before the channel Is finished, but
this work will be done by suction
This picture gives a view of the great expanse of water now graduall/
filling the Panama canal, which is almost ready for the admission of the big
ships. To look at the picture one would think that the canal was finished.
The embankments that flank the channel, the broad expanse of water and
the Miraflores locks in the distance are just as they will be when the open-
ing of the canal takes place. This is the only photograph received up to
the present time which shows the canal as it will appear at the opening
of the big waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
and the great locks have been con-
structed. The work that remains to
be done is largely detail, and is but
child's play as compared with that
which has been done. More dirt is
to be removed from the channel, but
this will be done with suction dredges
floating upon the waters of the canal.
There still remain some finishing
touches to be placed upon the locks,
but this work will take comparatively
little time and presents no engineer-
ing difficulties such as have been en-
countered in the past.
The fact that the canal stands prac-
tically complete more than a year be-
fore the time originally set as the
date for its completion is one of the
remarkable features of the work.
When Count de Lesseps. the great
French engineer, abandoned his ef-
forts to build the Panama canal after
eight years of labor, he had scarcely
made a beginning upon the gigantic
task. In nine years, the American
engineers, starting almost at the same
point as de Lesseps, for the latter s
work was of little value to the Ameri-
cans. have virtually completed the
undertaking. When the work was
started the world scoffed at the idea
that it could be completed within the
time limit set. but hats are now off
to the American army engineers who
have more than kept their word, de-
To Avoid Counterfeiting.
dredges floating on the waters of the
canal, and will not interfere with nav-
igation of the waterway by such boats
as may be allowed to pass through.
Immense Artificial Lake Created.
Gatun lake, the waters of which are
now flowing into the Culebra cut, Is
the pivotal point about which the en-
tire canal system revolves, and the
creation of this lake, together with the
construction of Gatun dam, consti-
tuted another great engineering feat
in the construction of the canal . . no
Gatun lake Is an artificial bodv of I civil war when d “P*” Hl
water covering about 164 square miles canal ramml.i negotiations for a
of territory and was created by the hv the r it o n were pr>tered into
building of the immense Gatun dam fore anything hld h g°Vernment'
and the Impounding of the wild wa *■- —‘______g h d b n acoomPlished
ters of Chagres river. Beneath the
waters of Gatun lake lies what a few
months ago was the valley of the
assistants. Colonel Hodges and Lieu-
tenant Colonel Sibert. Colonel Hodges-
work In installing the Immense lock-
gates that form so Important a part
of the operating machinery of the
canal, and his ability to overcome all
obstacles had led Colonel Goethals to.
call him a genius. The building, pois-
ing and operation of the lock gates
constitute one of the delicate prob-
lems of lock canal construction, and
the proper handling of this problem
has been Colonel Hodges’ contribu-
tion to the work of construction of
Lieutenant Colonel Sibert has had
charge of the building of the great,
dam and locks at Gatun, In addition
to other duties. He saw long, ac-
tive service In the Philippines, and
he Is known In the army as a fight-
er ffs well as an engineer. His fight-
ing qualities have enabled him to
carry through the great work of
which he has had charge In the
Realize Dream of Centuries.
Through the work of these men—all
of them members of Uncle Ham's
fighting body—the United States has
i been able to attain what has been in
I truth the dream of centuries. In nine
years these men have carried through
i aB undertaking that was first thought
'of several hundreds of years ago
There is evidence that the idea of an
isthmian canal was born as early as
ihe sixteenth century, for history re-
cords the fact that the Inquisition
declared such a project to alter the
face of the earth lo be impious and
further discussion of the matter was
forbidden by Philip II. of Spain, whose
reign began in 1566. More than a cen
tury later a Scotchman named Patter-
son revived the scheme, established a
colony on the shores of the isthmus,
and made a crude survey of the route
The United States government first
took definite action looking toward
the construction of an isthmian canal
In 1834, when the senate voted for
the building of a Nicaraguan canal.
An expedition was sent to Nicaragua
to make an investigation, and report-
ed that the canal could be construct-
ed for $26,000,000, hardly one-twenti-
eth of the amount that the Panama
canal will have cost when completed
De Lesseps First to Dig,
The matter rested until after the
the concession for a Panama canal
had been given to Lucien Napoleon
Panaparte Wyse, a Frenchman. He
organized a company, which sold out
Chagres, dotted with native villages later to the £°"’P“ny' which soI<t out
and plantations. The channel of the Ferdinand de “p^ "ated wlth
canal passes through this lake for a organized with a! t h coml,any
distance of 24 miles with a width vary- was ?he fir. ^eeeepe at its head
ing from 500 to 1.000 feet !„?,< °"e ,0 ac»ually begin op
x. ___.s' ... . erations on the isthmus
At the northern end of the lake
Is the Gatun dam, which iB in realitv
an artificial ridge more than a mile
and a half long. Figures alone give
a« udequate Idea of the magnitude of
this dam. Nearly half a mile wide at
Its base, about 400 feet wide at the
water surface, and 100 feet wide at
the top, the dike which
erations on the isthmus. For eight
az!iLde,t,US8',p" struggled manfully
against the greatest odds that man
ever was eaiied upon to face.
Such was the history of the isth-
mian canal project for some 300 or
ncieT' UmN ,hp day in
Lncle Sam undertook the task
a'ne years the dream of the can-
many engi- j turies has been realized.'
Of course, there have been manv ,i
----- ----------- - tempted robberies, but only once in 1 read between the lines, behind
the Hank of England authorities’ the year 1862, were thieves su®rd*’ beyond the horizon c
chief aim is to issue a note which is ful in obtaining any of the , page Dilip’s question to the
'mPOetwardrthisyebndyan the Xts I w^e ^wLfThou'‘r^d-
--- “‘S?1: a"d lrna*™. to enlarge my
Reading Between the Lines. j entr„' ,° glv? me np»' friends in the
To get the good of the library
felt. Toward mis eno. an me parts f were in circulation. The thieves "\\a
IT theVr thrVngraWngTTe I ^
printing—are prepared and done in a
special, and. as far as possible, se-
cret manner. At the mills where the
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in a short time they were captured.
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---- , . . . «wu oi me librarv i» , .....J ji,j *ueai
paper is manufactured the most strln-,the school of life you must brine in . clf,ar 10 show mo th
gent precautions are taken to pre- It something better than a mere book ° UDk?own refS'°ns and the 'brighi
vent any of the pa:,er being stolen | lsh taste. You must bring the power universal truth -Henry Van
Here’s what’s next.
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Keyes, Chester A. Luther Register. (Luther, Okla.), Vol. 15, No. 10, Ed. 1 Tuesday, October 7, 1913, newspaper, October 7, 1913; Luther, Okla.. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc853290/m1/2/: accessed August 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.