Saturday Morning Advertiser (Durant, Okla.), Vol. 8, No. 43, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 15, 1922 Page: 3 of 8
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Wf "V '.w -s.'V'
cghe 'Real Situation In Jlgriculture
tuy c. w. urown)
ilcciilcdly on the up
The close of 1922 will
iniiir industry lmck to
lv the end of 1923 tho
lines of business. The frreator sol-
voncy prevailing in agriculture is
duo principally to two causes the
low percentage of Indohtodnnss nn
Which intprnst U nni.l -..1 n urn.. ... 7 . .:.
-. ..vu . if.aiu iiiiii Lilt- ;i II Ml V l.iil.l l..ill.i: .
I .14 111 1 1 . 17 UUIIU UUI1UII U
.'.i ami r.'zi win nave oi me iarmers to reduce hs h .t." . ..- .i ...i.f
voi-nircd. This applies 'overhead expcn.e-.More than half I .. v.i hL h .Llute
T FBErSATURPAY MORNING ADVERTISER
it nialit i i ill hi iiJnn i Htt1' -Lj JJL- '
load production with .unnecessary
costs even to such an exlcn't that
the laborer cannot himself buy his
The "Buyers' Strike."
Conditions have become such that
it now requires an acre of oats or
n half acre of corn to pay for one
day's labor of the mechanic. This
being the case tho fanner cannot
or buy machinery
arc now practically under the con-
trol or organized labor which lin
ing badly led and by the same class
. . . ii .. .l r . . .
.1 C IISS. Ul rauifv UKiciui nil; lllllliurs lanor PYlinn-in is IVio .... m... . - .i i ..t
Mn:lnAhl5Id- IS1. ".h?U8.cJlt t0. p"y' no 'ithouBh n dead animal is no longer
n.u .... -. v-" . .... . 13 1Q0U is largely pro- worth skinning. When this dis-
uiH.1111 on in mrni unless he one of crepancy became acute the farmer
those brainless 'one crop farmers" WM forCcd out of retail trade. What
and of one will observe the beauti- happened was called n buyers'
ELKS INSTALL OFFICERS The only differenco between m.
The Durant Elks Lodge installed ' DaVcnport I6wa. nian who. IcIFtfcwD
of people which has attempted though I f0nOW!; M. M. Morrow exalted ml-land the average citizen is that
"--nviu. iu gnm comroi o: iar-w. Q. Brown esteemed leading. Davenport man
crSl 'knight; Jewel Hicks esteemed lee- into action.
As the matter stands today fnr- turing knight; Tom J. Clark esteem-
mcrs are going ahead producing for cd loyal knight; W. E. Clark
the woild's open markets; and until treasurer; Hade Gibon secretary;
labor and capital are willing to do cnteitaimm-nt committee P. E. liar-
the same this gulf between the nil. Brvnn Xok-n Marvin Powers:
immtry and the town will loiuinue membership committee. Don Atkin-.
unu win grow ueeper and wider.
WHY UURN THE
making a cash pay
i t' the purchase price.
f bankrupt when subse-
meiits came due nnd the
ii fann had dropped to
re. That was not farming;
iv about six and one-half
.. nrice to value based on ren'
tale. r 'it's- Even in localities' whero
tve ' was the worst less than
5 rcr tnt of the farms actually sold.
Ft ' "P tne abnormally high
rri. rf 1919. agriculture was the
r.t t hit bed rock in 1920. Tho
jar so sudden that the Impor-
tance of the disaster was very great-
ly fc.iags-'erated; agricultural credit
gt 'nj red by magnifying the losses
Xht worot enemies of the farmer
are the calamity howlers whp have
enlarged the importance of his losses
The writer heard a speaker' address-
ing an audience of farmers not Jong
ago ho made the assertion that 90
rr rent of the farmers were bank
rupt "se speaker was heartjly ap-1 prices
plaud'il sucn an ussvruun uiu uu
politicr..iy popular now but not next
year when the situation is better
undersold. Careful investigation
will r.o that less than 1 per cent
In 'fe year 1921 of tho 1927304
commercial firms doing business in
the U S. 19052 failed. This is a
fraction over 1 per cent. According
to ".lb of 1920 there were G.448-
3CC 'amis in the U. S.; 2454.746
of 'ni-e were operated by tenants.
In csir past it was so unusual for
a farmer to fail that when one goes
bankrupt now it occasions comment.
h i a tnfe bet thaV the percentage
n f. i failures has been less than
ha.f a jitat as the failures in other
strike. It was not a buyer's strike.
It was the practical exclusion of that
third of our people who live
by the land and a good buying third
it has always been. That third is
now practically out of the market nnd
the amount of unemployment just
about corresponds to what would be
needed to supply the farmer's trade if
he could afford to buy.
Viewed from another angle it re-
quires in normal times nbout one la-
borer to provide the goods which a
farmer will consume. When the
farmer is driven out of the markets
of course the laborer which ordinar-
ily supplies him is thrown out of
employment and that is what has
It is rather a mnrkd. coincidence
that the number of men supposed to
be out of employment is almost
exactly the number of farmers on
Ik There a Remedy?
There can be nothing like general
prosperity until this gulf between
t . ... irnn ciinnirv huh iiim liiwii in ciiuci
ratuV'rr 2T He" led up or" bridgedover. The farm-
took his losses not like the merchant. er u "" .T. " 1 ' T m.
banker manufacturer and other busi-i """"" u Tf 1 v i.; jft if hr
i i j . . I. u i own product. The city must do it Dy
ness men who tried to fight the law P. d speculation by ac-
and ultimately had to fail. He was f reas0nable wage by being
the first to take his loss and he will $ fc da. foa rea.
be the first to recover. ;onable length of time as the far-
The effect of the drop in prices isler docs and ty turning out a full
too serious to be minimized but .. wnrk fOP fuii .inv'o nav.
ful flocks of chickens herds of milk
cows nnd beautiful herds of hops
now found on most of our Bryan
county farms he will bo convinced
that ie "one cron farmer" has mi-
-ms in the United States. I grated.
a few hundred were bought From the beginning of history ag-
abnormal prices which ( riculture has been the basis of tho
t the investmem Dy tne ae- worms business. Like the level of the
sea it has been the plane from
which other business elevations and
depressions have been measured. The
future will be Bimllar to tho past
but marked by improvements due to
better organizations more effective
cooperative effort on the part of the
farmer and a more diversified farm-
ing. In 1914 the average value an acre
of the ten crops constituting nine-
tcnths of all crop production in the
U. S. was $10.44 this value contin-
ually rose to $35.76 in 1919 four
times more than the value in 1896.
When the avalanche of falling prices
in 1920 carried the farmer down
from the "mountain peak or high
of 1919 to the valley of de-
FAKMEK OWNS THE SKY
"Dad gum!" ripsnort n Caitor
"unty farmer the other day. "If
thi-ie man-made birds don't quit
nin over my field and sennn' my
noi'vcs and cows and chicken;
goin' into court agin' 'em."
"on. chairman; community welfare
committee John A. MacDonald. '
chairman; relief committee W. Q.
Brown Jewel Hicks Tom J. Clark.
Ql'ESTIONAIKE ON KLAN
A quctionairo concerning their
I'm ' affiliations or sympathies with the
existence or actions of the Kit Klux
"And he has a right to go into Kan r a"y similar organization will i
cotut." says Judge James R. Arm-'be submitted to all public officilasi
trong former chief justice of the'nn(l candidates for public office in'
Oklahoma criminal court of appeals. I Dallas County. Texas by the Dallas
"He has a right under the common County Citizens' League.
law which gives a man title to all . '
the atmosphere above his real es'
Indcspensable for tho
traveling public min-
isters school teachers
E. M. EVANS Dealer
114 North Third
tate. unto the dome of the skv. An
aviator flying over a man's farm isj
a tresspasser and may be so adjudg-
ed. As to using my atmosphere and
yours for radio messages well. I
don't know won't speculate any fur-
IONQ DISTANCE! RACUXQ
SUDDEN BAGGAGE SEItVICB
CITY TBAKBTTOB CO.
imrt av v
plans laid for the future ratist be
laid on pre-war levels on which
American agriculture reached a de-
velopment that led tho world.
Make the farm conform to the lit-
tle boys definition A place where
everything is grown A one crop sys-
tem will ruin us Diversification will
One Acre Oats Is One Days Pay
From Tulsa World)
i: Eugene Davenport
i - Note: Eugene Davenport'
f 'he College of Agriculture
University of Illinoisc. be-
oery word ha't he has
r 'o be the exact truth. He
'citp touch with agricultural
' 'hroughout tho United
Hi is also a man thoroughly
i.r ith the laws of domestic
i Hi- conclusions may not
v i what you believe but to
rM will be a revelation.
a- jrulf has formed between
it and the town due to tiie
'! price of farm products
nd to the neighboihood of
...Ijcs while the prices of
.rod products which the
rmally will buy have re-
war time level" or but
' 'mer ha3 no means of in
price of his output fori of industties
ability of his purchasers to pay.
He has always depended upon Eu-
rope to handle the surplus and the
buying power of that people is grow-
ing gradually less month by month.
In our own country the unemploy-
ment of millions in anything like
production enterprise and the dou-
ble manning of many essential in-
dustries such as mining has forced
the cost of production of non-agri-culturel
goods entirely out of the
While the farmer is entirely de
pendent for prices upon the law of
supply and demand and the ability
of lii's buyers to pay organized la-
bor has claimed that it would sur-
render none of the advantages that
it has gained during the war and
it is leaving no stone unturned as
heretofore the argument being that
the cot of living has not decreased.
This argument ignores the fact that
a very large element in the cost of
production is the uouoie niunmiiK
lis in mining ana me
entirely upon the princi-'verv low efficiency in production
ply and demand and tho as in building; both of which over-
No other nolicy will bridge this
gulf. No other policy will produce
manufactured goods at a price which
anybody but a rich man can afford
to pay. When labor is engaged at
the production of necessities at a
cost which most men cannot meet
then something is wrong with our
economic production and that is the
The farmer can get along without
the city but the city cannot get
along without the farmer and the
country as a whole cannot prosper
until the city and the country work
together. The key to the solution
of this impossible situation is a bet-
ter day's work on the part of peo-
ple generally engaged in the pro-
ductive industries and a reversal
of the policy to extort as large a
wage as possible for nominal time
producing as little as possible dur-
ong that time in order that the work
may go around.
The country has ignored this situ-
ation when the situation must- be
squarely faced and squarely met.
Both production and u-iiiispuii.iiiu..
i ' IS
our success is our success. The prosper-
ty of the bank but reflects that of this
community. For these reasons a bank must
be a very human institution. We must be and
are interested in the welfare of our customers.
We invite you to use this bank as you would a cordial friend:
The First National Bank
"A record of 24 years successful achievement
RENT A FORD
Drive it Yourself
New nnd Second Hand Tarts
And A Spring For Every Car
Mail Orders Given Prompt
jj:ffheys motor co.
Ill East Main
L. P. JEFFREYS Mgr.
etter Shoes Cheaper
OUR SHOES ARE THE BEST
They're Solid Leather
and every pair is guaranteed to give you
your moneys worth.
When you buy a pair of
Peters Diamond Brand Shoes
you have the best and our prices are
BED ROOM SUITES
We have a complete stock f Se
All new patterns with Bow-End or
Four Poster Beds Vanity or Semi-Vanity
Chiffoniers Chifforobesy Oak Walnut
Mahogany Birds Eye Maple Ivory or
Range in prices from $95. to $295.
for complete Suite.
Mhoon-Spring Furniture Co.
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Evans, E. M. Saturday Morning Advertiser (Durant, Okla.), Vol. 8, No. 43, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 15, 1922, newspaper, April 15, 1922; Durant, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc83255/m1/3/: accessed May 24, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.