The Daily Democrat. (Anadarko, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 179, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 20, 1907 Page: 3 of 4
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TOLL TAKEN OF
HUMAN LIFE BY
GREATER THAN DEATHS ON BATTLEFIELD
Over Half n Million Men and Women
Annually Are Killed or Injured in
the United States While Engaged
Productive Labor - Enormous
Sum Needed to Support Those Incapacitated.
A Familiar Peril In Building Opera-
tloriG. New York. Moro thnn 500000 men
and women nro Injured or killed In
tho Industries annually In tho United
States or one person overy minute.
This Industrial carnage costs tho
people of tho country directly and in-
directly over two and a hnlf billions
ef dollars a sum larger than tho
Such are tho death tolls of Indus-
trial progress which shows such a
smiling fnco to thoso whoso occupa-
tions Involve no danger but turns a
ghastly countenanco on . thoso who
work In peril of tholr lives
Whoovcr doubts theso figures need
only read the grim statistics to bo
convinced thr.l modern Industry Is
tnoro fateful than war.
In tho Japanowo-Husslan war a total
of 333.78G men wore killed and wound-
ed on both sides not counting tho
losses In naval battles.
In tho samo period In tho United
States nlono tho great army of Ameri-
can laborers engaged In manufactur
ing and building operations suffored a
loss of 425000 killed and Injured; 92;
000 moro lives woro sacrificed to In-
dustrial progress In ono year than dur-
ing tho greatest conflict of recent
Statistics of tho interstato com-
merco commission show that 84115
people were injured and 10046 killed
on tho railroads during tho year end-
fog Juno 30 1904. Sufficient data has
keen accumulated by the United
States government and othor re-
sponsible authorities to show that nt
lenst 5100 men arc annually killed or
Injured In anthracite mining nlono
and 425000 In factory and building op-
erations making tho grand total ap-
proximately 525000. '
Total Death Roll Greater.
These estimates aro consorvntivo.
If tho exact number of accidents was
known this total would bo greatly in-
creased. In converting facts Into figures Mr.
Clarcnco Marx who with other re-
sponsible investigators has given sev-
eral yenrs of study to tho relation of
crippled and unemployed persons to
industry prcsonts a startling array.
Of tho 525000 workers mentioned 15
por cent. or 445000 to struggle
per cent only aro killed leaving 85-
against their handicaps. Estimating
that at least 50 per cent or 222000 of
theso aro ublo to cam $225 each an-
nually which is 50 por cent of tho
annual average earnings of. able-
bodied artisans wo have a total of
$49950000. This is tho loss in earn-
Safely assuming that these persons
would creato twlco ns much wealth as
they earn wo would havo a loss In
production of approximately $100-
But this Is only half tho truth. If
theso 222000 wngo earners aro not re-
established they must sooner or later
bo supported by tho state. It Is also
evident that tho other 222000 who aro
totally disabled will also becomo a
burden on tho taxpayers.
Poor relief statistics show that It
costg $10000 to support n pauper dur-
ing his natural lifo timo. To bo con-
servativo again let us estimate this
cost at $G000 to make allowance for
thoso who may bo supported by rela-
tives and friends or who may becomo
partially self-supporting. Sinco under
our present system tho partially dis-
abled aro not reestablished tho total
number minus a small percentage
must bo supported at public expense.
To do this costs approximately two
and one-half billion dollars. In other
words wo contract each year to meet
a dobt of two and a half billion dol-
lars within tho Ufctlmo of tho persons
Figures That Stagger.
Theso nro staggering figures but
they nro only n forecast of what wo"
may expect If this wasteful destruc-
tion of lifo and limb continues.
In Now York state nccordlng to tho
cstimato of tho state labor commis-
sioner in 190G 41 workers in overy
1000 aro incapacitated in tho courso
of tho year's work. That means for
instance that at least 40000 purely in-
dustrial accidents occur in New York
city alone every year. Tho ratio of
Injured and uninjured la not as high
In somo other parts of tho country or
tho total number of accidents In tho
United States would bo over 800000
In ono section of Now York city
tho Uorough of Manhattan thoro'were
ln3t year 2.1G0 deaths by violence; as-
tonishing ns it may seem noarly ono-
third of theso deaths or G84 wero
caused by falls oxploslons cnvlng in
of earth promaturo blasts and falling
rock. Tho rivor tunnels woro con-
structed nt tho cost of G8 lives 43 in
tho Pennsylvania terminal works 20
in tho Dolmont tunnol two In tho sub-
way borings nnd thrco In tho Hud3on
In the huge smoky workshop called
Pittsburg one human lifo Is sacrificed
for ovory 50000 tons of coal thnt nro
shipped out of tho city. For each
7.G00 tons of steol products ono of tho
manipulators somewhere In tho pro-
coss of manufacture lays down his
life; nnd for each 70000 tons of stool
rails another laborer makes tho Inst
Of tho 2.GG0 deaths roported in
Pittsburg in 190G 919 wero duo to ac-
cidents in mills mines nnd on rail-
roads. Tho number of nccldonts was
not computed but it was undoubtedly
in tho thousands.
Causes of Fatalities.
How does it all lufppen you ask? II
a huge ladlo of whlto hot steel is up-
But tho molten stream burns alivo Its
writhing victim. It may bo that a
man or woman is whirled to a horrible
death lit mill machinery; or a miner
is blown to eternity in an explosion
of damp in a mine.
Publicity is glvon to accidents on
railroads but llttlo is heard of tho
thousands annually killed and maimed
in inuuufacturing and building &d In
aomo of tno nnro obscuro trades. It
has bcon shown thnt 436.000 nro an-
nually disabled In factories nnd con-
struction work. Hut wo havo no
means "of knowing how many aro In-
dustrially displaced by Inhaling tho
poisonous fumes in working over bat-
teries or tho largo numbers thnt nro
nftllcted with mercurial poisoning and
other nllmcnts In tho hat Industry
and allied trndos. Neither do wo
know how many succumb to painters'
colic or blood poison by working with
brass nnd coppor.
Tho victims of tuborcnloslR -among
sweatshop workers grain trimmers
longshoremen coal hands nnd othora
nro shown to bo numerous by tho
board of health reports but tho exaot
numbers havo never been gnthurod
Into statistical form.
This loss of life nnd limb In times
of ponco would bo sufficiently appal
ling In itself woro there no tributary
evils lint the situation Is rendered
oven moro serious by tho fact that
only about 15 per cent of the Indus-
trial accidents rosult In tho death of
tho victims whllo &6 por cent. or 4 15-
000 nro doomed to a onc-sldud battlo
When n man losos a limb or tho uso
of it is rendored partially blind by
an nccldont or In countless ways is
Incapacitated for his regular work tho
first grout question confronting him is
to fit himself for some other form of
in -a -Year
"Every- Time-the -Second Hand
Circles 'wrHE-fciTTLfc Dial or Your
"Watch -a Person is
One Violent Death
labor. 'What aro his chancea to regain
Somo few corporations retain on tho
payroll thoso employes who may havo
beenv injured in their service but tho
number of such is small. A .few pro-
vide pensions and oven fewor have
instituted somo form of benefit that
will bo a real help in case of disable-
ment. But tho grent mass of Injured per-
sons must readjust themselves as best
Tho chief reason why they fall to do
this and start on tho long tortuous
road to scml-paupcrlsm and finally tho
almshouso Is tho opon prejudlco of
employers ngalnst hiring n cripple or
a failure on their part to recognlzo
tho fact that he still possosses an
economic value as he usually docs.
This remorseless prejudlco against
which many an honest nnd capable
man has been forced to contend has
driven vn'luablo material to tho wasto
heap of humanity if not to n self-
Thoro nro many positions filled by
boys and girls who should be in school
which could bo better filled by older
men nnd women uuablo to command
higher wages because of physical dis-
ability. To supplant the incumbents
of such positions would be to ralso
tho standards of education and of liv-
ing for if tho children were not avail
able their disabled seniors would tako
their places at n higher rate of wagos
though at less than current standards.
This would do mucli to romovo the
stigma of n present national disgrace
by which 1.2G7.324 boys and girls bo-
tweon tho ages of 14 and 10 years arc
allowed to dwarf tholr young lives In
our shops factories nnd mills. Tho
handicapped man would supplant chil-
dren only whero a distinct economic
Menace of the
md educational advantage is to bo
gained. Ho is fully competent to com-
poto with tho ublo bodied for many
positions. It is not favoritism that ho
needs or asks; only an opportunity to
demonstrate his fitness. Tho troublo
is ho is rarely given that opportunity.
Great Need of the Day.
A crying need of tho day is an
awakening of tho national conscience
regarding tho needless loss of human
lifo and tho resulting economic waste.
In our reckless hasto to mako monoj
we fprgot thnt In so doing tho un-
natural wear and tear of Industry nnd
the fierce struggle for exlstonco are
producing an lncronslng host of de-
pendent citizens who havo bcon orn
out as a part of a machine and nro
then thrown on tho industrial scrnp
The hours of labor aro being slight-
ly reduced and wagos slightly In-
creased but tho wear nnd tonr on
man nnd machine has been nearly
Many mon oaeh ono n unit of lnlrar
vnlunblo to the employer nnd to so-
ciety drop out crippled by accident or
with their honlth undermined. Unless
the employes nro speedily nble to ru-
adjust tliomsolvea In gainful occupa-
tions they become public charges.
Each man added to tho list of tho
state's dependents makes an added
burden of taxes on tho wealth produc-
Tho employer who Is tho exponent
of the Industrial systom Is account-
able for this waste of productive pow-
er though not tho originator of It is
himself ono of the first victims to feel
the oxtra burdon of taxation. Doubt-
less ho Is nlso appealed to and sub-
scribes liberally for prlvnto chnrltablo
schemes which nro thomselves large-
ly necessary ovlls. Huuco the waste-
ful system of Industry in which tho
waste of labor Is lost sight of In tho
mad attempt to save cost of jjroduo
For Every Tick of Your Watch.
tion reacts on itsolf; and tho hard-
pressed employer becomes a victim to
tho very Bystom that Is slowly but cer-
tainly adding to the cost of main-
tenance nnd production by Increasing
tho valuo of labor which ho has tried
to maintain it not to cheapon.
Remedy Pointed Out.
Whero Is tho romedy? If tho pres-
ent Industrial system cannot bo abol-
ished it may bo controlled. If tho
wear nnd tear must continue it may
proceed with- los3 friction and wasto.
Legislation on this point Is becoming
moro stringent and employers thorn-
solves aro aiding In tho effort to avoid
needless loss of lifo and limb.
This problem can bo solved only by
sorting out tho Injured and readjust-
ing them to othor forms of labor. As
employers moro fully nppreclato tho
great financial loss of lifo and limb
as thoy now so carefully guard tho
wasto of raw material and so assidu-
ously convert by-products Into profit
tho half million now annually forced
into idleness and nonproductlvlty will
bo reestablished on a self-supporting
In formor times vassals serfs and
slaves gavo up their lives blindly to
their feudal chiefs; flghtlpg their bat-
tles tilling their soil selling their own
birth rights for n pot of mlsorablo
As tho fourteenth century vassal
sold his service and lifp for food nnd
sheltor so tho twentieth century ar-'
tlsnn sells his labor and lifo for money
with which to buy tho nccessarlos of
lifo. If his wages aro greator thnn his
living expenses nnd ho is fortunnto
onough to escapo bodily harm ho may
under extremely favorable conditions;
bo ablo to provldo for an indopendont
old age. Hut if shifting economic con-
ditlons condemn him to only a pr
carious living and if jyUs 'disabled bj
tho machinery of Industry on!y pne
fato can bo his tho acceptance oi
alms sooner or later from friends ot
tho state. Ho has not shed his blood
ob tho vassals of old in the service oi
a master. He has sacrificed hlmseW
ontho altar ot industrial progress
whoso mastors aro practically unco
corne'd for his future. From tho N. K
Journal and American.
COMMANDER OF SULTAN'S CODY-
GUARD A PRISONER.
Wily Moorish Bandit Chief Holding
Cald Gen. Sir Harry MacLcan a
former British Officer Until
Demands Are Granted.
Tanglor Morocco. That pictur-
esque bandit Halsull lias made a cap-
tive of Culd Hon. Sir Harry MnoLonn
commander of tho- sultan's body-
guard who organized his nrmy nud
who nest to the sultan Is the most
Itowerful personage In Morocco.
Halsull announces that he will hold
MacLean prisoner until the sultan
grants theto demands:
1. That ltalsull's house nt SHnnt be
2. That an Indemnity of .100.000
do tiros (about $200000) be paid to
3. Thnt ho be reappointed' governor
of Tangier and of falls nud be mnde
commandant af pullet.
Mncl.oan Is now at Klkmet In the
heart of n wild mountain district
three days' march from Tangier. He
is being well trentod nnd has been al-
lowed to write to the llritlsh minister
and send for his Ituggage.
Macl.eau has been urging Hnlsiill
recently to acknowledge the sultan's
authority and to live poncenbly.
The cunning bandit chief assumed
a willingness to submit. So to him
tjio sultan sent Gen. MacLcan with
gifts of horses and tents hoping to
flnnlly bring Kalsuli to terms.
With seeming military courtesy
Halsull sunt 1G of his mon to moot
Cnld MncLonn nnd to -bo n bodygunrd.
escorting him to Houlna. There Ilal-
sull met him accepting tho sultan's
presents nnd told MnoLonn ho was n
prisoner. Thou ltnlsull sont to tho
sultan tho terms on which ho would
MacLcan n strong and brainy man
was completely hoodwinked by ltnl-
sull it seems.
Cnld MacLcan was a Hrltlsli olllcor
for 30 years and hns lately boon the
power bohlnd tho thronu 'n Morocco.
No imonslncss Is felt about his per-
sonal safoty but It Is believed that
IS NEW GRACE DARLING.
Miss Ida Lewis Credited with Saving
18 Lives From the Gea.
Nowport It I. Miss Ida Lewis tho
Grace Darling of America ns sho Is
known who has lived for DO years
MISS IDA LEWIS.
(Heroine of Lime R"ock Light at New-
port R. 1.)
nt l'lno Rock lighthouse off this city
eolobrated hor goldon nnulvorsary as
a resident of tho historic spot tho
othor dny. For 28 years Miss Lowls
has been tho kcoper of tho beacon
succeeding her father through a
special act of congress when ho be-
Miss Lowls was G8 years old In
March last but sho Is still alert In
body nnd mind. Practically all of
Nowport took part In tho cclobratlon
for tho people thoro aro proud of tho
bravo woman who has to hor credit
tho saving of 18 lives from tho sea.
Not a fow ot thoso rosquos woro niado
undor circumstances that called for
both daring nnd elever seamanship
and as a result ot her courago and
skill under conditions that would havo
tried the strongest heart her famo be-
Craft of evory description ladon
with ndmlrors mado their way out to
tho light whoro Miss Lewis kept opon
house cheerily receiving and entor-
talnlng her visitors. Thoso who had
not soon hor for yonrs woro aston-
Ishod at her mental nnd physical
vigor and. it was prodictod that tho
light would not soon lose Its famous
Llmo Hock llglithouso has had many
noted visitors Including Con. Grant.
.Vice President Colfax Admiral Dewey
and Gen. Sherman.
In the Interior of tho houso which
is wondorfully neat are many medals
and trophies. '
Cure Injuries to Heart.
It used to bo bollovod that any
wound of the honrt was necessarily
fatal but of lat a multitude of proofs
to the contrary hns been collected.
To-day it is almost n commonplaco of
surgery to sow up breaks In tho liourt
wull. A blow on tho chost somotlmo
ruptures tho heart and yet the vic-
tims of such Injuries not seldom ro-
cuvor. Wounds In tho honrt mado 'by
knlvos and bullets aro now treated
with somo approach to certainty nnd
although the death rato In such cases
Is of courso high it is bolng lowered
yoar nftor year and it would bo a
rash surgeon today- who would qall-
any small injur;- to tho heart inevita-
. !! ' ' i
with so powerful a personage as a
hostage ltnlsull will drive a hard bar
gain with the sultan.
Mncl.enn's hnnditiine daughter Is
credited with having great Influence)
In tho sultan's court. In fact sho Is
styled tho "Hinpross of Morocco."
Sir Harry MncLonn us ho is still
known In Knglnnd Is tho commnnd-or-ln-chlof
of tho Moorish army linn a
splendid palace in Hox gets n salary
of $36000 n yonr with such perquisites
as have enabled him to accumulate a
CAID GEN. M'LEAN.
(High Moorish Official Held Captive
by Bandit Ralsull.)
largo fortune. Ho beenmo a Moham-
medan many years ago nnd virtually
His deods of valor hnvo boon nu-
merous nud although he hnn only ono
oyo ho Is a crack shot with n rifle.
His groatost aohlovumcut wns when
his pntron Sultan MulaJ died'
ot fatigue during n campaign
against somo turbulent tribes nnd
MucLenn concealed tho denth carry-
ing the corpsu In n gorgeous golden
litter until he reached tho capital
smuggled tl.o body In through n holo
In tho wall then mot nnd proclaimed
tho now sultan. MncLoan'know thnt
news of tho death ot MulaJ would bo
the slgnnl for a military revolt which
would result In an enemy of his being
placed on tho tbrono.
LAND AND WATER MOTOR CAR.
Vehicle Which Travels on the Roads
or Takes to tho Water.
Paris. M. Havallllor n civil en-
gineer has Invented n typo of "am-
phlblous'V automobile and boai com-
bined' 'which travels on tho roads or
takes t(V water according to whim or
necessity. M. Havallllor calls it tho
Spectators1 at tho rccont yacht port
inauguration ceremonies at Surcsnct
liad an 'bj)portunltyi of Inspecting nnil
trying th 'fiow craft. M. navallllcr
conducted a Bpriqs'bf parties from tho
.bank of'yio Jeiuo Into tho water and
back nnrpuif the passengors being
Mmc Thpnison wife of tho minister
of mnrllfu.'timV Mmo. llnrthou wlfo ot
tho mlnlilHV"f 'plnSlic works. Tho
sensation of "rpllhjg'riinto tho water
gliding' nbuuV'iinil emerging high anil
dry on land was prdnonnced to bo de-
lightful. '. . T().
Tim "cnnotVollurri' pnssos back nnl
fortli between land ami wntor with
practically no chnngpJn mnnonvors. It
Is about 12 foot long and tho hull of
stool was constructed 1y M. Pitro of
Mnlspns-Lalllttd. M. Unjitallllor of
Viuccnnos accomplished tho mcchnni-
cnl construction. Tho whools are of
shoot steol disk pattern and aro fitted
with solid rubber tiros. '
When tho vehicle Is useO ns n boat
tho power Is shifted to a small pro-
peller this being dono simply by mov-
ing n lover.
On the roads the automobile attains
n speed of about 35 kilometers an
hour and In tho wator whoro It la a
boat tho speed is ill no kllomotors an
"Aron't you nshnmod of yoursolf?"
asked tlio insistent reformor. "Horo
you nro dny in and dny out In a stnto
of Jntoxlcntion? You know what such
dissipation lends to. Already you show
the symptoms of a man wlio is on the
verge of delirium tromons. And f
undaritnnd that somo weak girl is
foolish enough to have accsptod your
proposal ot matrimony. 1 shuddor fui
her und;for you!"
"Nev' min' ol' fol" ropllos tho hope-
less ciibo. "Zho lady I'm go' to marry
Ish shnako chnrmor In shldo show."
W. D. Nosblt in Chicago Post.
Ought to Know How.
Tho ajilmal trainer having been
takon suddonly ill his wifo reported
for duty in ids stead.
'Havo you ovor had any oxporlonc
In this lino?" asked tho ownor of tin
circus and meuagorlo with son
"Not just oxactly In this line' sho
snld "but my husband manages tho
.boasts all right doesn't ho?"
:j"Ho cortaluly does."
"Wol you ought to see how easy I
can Btaago him."
. ''rVV. ii
' I " '
Jl1 " llnf I !
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Herndon, H. R. The Daily Democrat. (Anadarko, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 179, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 20, 1907, newspaper, August 20, 1907; Anadarko, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc81568/m1/3/: accessed December 14, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.