Marrs, D. M. The Daily Chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Terr.), Vol. 1, No. 279, Ed. 1 Wednesday, August 23, 1899, newspaper, August 23, 1899; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc776076/m1/1/: accessed September 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .