The Indian Chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Terr.), Vol. 11, No. 7, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 20, 1892 Page: 2 of 4
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uuiiinvii inura'iaya dj
Indian Chi BirTAiM I'lmuiaiiiHuCniirANT
1). M. MiUUS Editor.
M. K. XILf'ORD Htnarer.
Vinita Ind. Tkr. Oct. 20 1892
Chief Harris has written a let
ter to the president of the United
States asking the removal of the
intruders in accordance with treaty
The citizenship association will
have a special committee appoint
ed to confer with the senate com
mittee that is to visit Tuhletjuah
More than one councilor and
senator declared on the adjourn
ment of the council that next
council they would introduce a bill
providing for allotment.
senator IJaugh win oiler an
amendment to the constitution
prohibiting the riling of any more
claims to citizenship in this nation
at the coining session of council.
The Indian Index published at
Wagoner and the Afton News
published at Afton both neat and
creditable papers came to our ex-
change table last week. We wish
them both abundant success.
It now remains to be seen who
will be the first member of council
to introduce a bill for the preven
tion of monopoly of the lands of
the Cherokee nation. The senti-
ment of the country is almost a
unit in favor of something being
done and that right speedily.
Those who harp upon the wis-
dom of our forefathers in provid-
ing homes for the rising generation
by holding the land of the Chero
kee nation in common should not
forget the fact that our forefathers
sold some eighty million acres of
this common property and have
left less than five million.
A great many people insist that
allotment would destroy the Cher-
okee government but offer no ar-
gument to prove that such would
be the case. It would change it to
the extent of putting every man
and woman in possession of what
is justly theirs instead of allowing
the country to gradually pass into
the hands of a few people.
BECK ANDTHE ADVOCATE.
We publish elsewhere in this
paper a communication from John
II. Beck to the Muldrow Register
in which two letters from II. M.
Adair editor of the Cherokee
Advocate are reproduced. In
these letters Mr. Adair offers to go
into partnership with Beck in the
citizenship business. The letters
are very remarkable documents
indeed in view of the fact that the
Advocate has of late soared to
such lofty heights in its denuncia-
tion of Beck and the citizenship
business. They also reveal a ter-
rible state of affairs in the Chero-
kee nation at present. The Advo-
cate under the present manage-
ment has posed as a mouth-piece
of the "real Indian" ol this nation
and has gloated from time to time
over its anti-white sentiments.
Editor Adair notwithstanding his
outrageous ignorance and unparal-
leled prejudices has all along been
given credit for being honest in his
views from his standpoint but it
now transpires that he is just as
willing to betray his country and
compromise the heritage of his peo-
ple as the most unscrupulous citi-
zenship attorney. The Advocate
has taken great delight in what it
is pleased to call "showing up the
intruders" and posed before the
country as an advocate of the rights
of the "poor Indian" when really
it was as anxious to rob him as
In attacking John Beck the Ad-
vocate has "waked up the wrong
passenger" who promptly comes
to the front and shows that his ac-
cusers are as deeply in the mud as
he is in the mire. In this connec-
tion it is pertinent to remark that
there are other attorneys in the
country that dare not accuse Beck
for the same reason. II. M. Adair
was not the first to desire a part-
nership with John Beck in what
proved to be a very lucrative bus-
iness. Others that stand (or have
stood) high in the councils of
the country have shared the
profits and filed the claims by the
hundred. In view of these facts
one is wont to exclaim "There is
none good; no not one."
OUR TAX SYSTEM.
It 1 TJnJaat nd Radioally Wrong
Mb. Editor: At a mass meet-
ing held here during the fair the
roost important series of resolu-
tions were pasted that bare ever
agitated the people of this coun-
try. They involve a radical
change in our whole system ol
government and finance. The first
resolution requests a change in our
system of taxation with a view ol
equalizing the burdens of govern-
ment. Governments are icstituteJ
mong men for the purpose of pro
tecting life and property; and in
order to make them independent
and self sustaining the organic
law of their creation gives to every
government the power of taxaticu.
without tins power no govern
ment can exist. It Is the duty of
every citizen to contribute to the
support of the government in pro
portion to the amount of property
that he or she may possess and no
more. Any system of taxation
mat requires one citizen to pay
more than another is unjust and
unequal and should not be toler
ated for one moment; that our sys
tern of taxation does this cannot be
disputed. It requires the infant
at the breast and the poorest man
in the land to pay as much as the
richest nabob in the country. This
is unjust and unequal and should
not be tolerated any longer than it
will take to digest a syvtem of tax
ation that will equalize its burdens
and place them where they belong.
This can be said in dulense of our
present system of taxation: that at
the time of its adoption we were a
nomadic people in a transition
state passing from barbarism to
civilization and no other system
of taxation could be adopted at
that time to meet the wants and
requirements of our government.
When we entered into treaty stip.
ulations with the United States
government and agreed to adopt
the manners and customs of civil-
ization and placed ourselves under
her protection the great question
was how to provide the ways and
means for the support of our gov
ernment and the education of our
people. We were i-ot at that time
an agricultural people possessed
with an abundance ot property
from which a revenue could be col
lected for the support of our gov-
ernment; we possessed little out-
side of our wild uncultivated lands;
we lived by hunting and fishing.
No system of taxation that we
could adopt would furnish the nec-
essary means for the support of
government and the education of
our people. Under these circum-
stances we sold our lauds and in
vented in government bonds
drawing a regular interest which
was paid us annually for the sup
port of our government in accord
ance with treaty stipulations; 35
per cent of this fund was to go to
the school fund; 50 per cent to the
general fund; and 15 per cent
to the orphan fund. At the
time of its adoption this was the
only system of taxation to meet
the wants and requirements of our
government. At the time of its
adoption our property rights were
equal as it was possible for them to
be. We held our lands in common
and being equal in property sit-
uated alike in circumstances our
system of taxation bore alike on
all and was just and equal. But
this condition of a flairs has long
since changed; as we have advan-
ced in civilization there has been
an unequal distribution ot our
property rights under our unjust
laws regulating settlement on the
public domain. The greedy
grasping monopolist has seized our
lands and appropriated them to his
own private use both for grazing
and agricultural purposes. Some
of our citizens in violation of our
loose laws have appropriated to
themselves thirty or forty claims
apiece by leasing them nut for a
long term of years to citizens of
the United States while others are
cultivating thousands of acres more
than they are entitled to upon a just
division of our lands and others
still are grazing from one to twenty
thousand head of cattle on the pub-
lic domain and getting the benefit
and use of what belongs to other
people. And still after having
appropriated all of the best agri-
cultural and grazing lands to them-
selves with all of our grass and
water privileges they don't pay as
much tax in many instances as
our poorest citizens.
To illustrate the inequality of
our present rystem of taxation we
will say that our population is
30000 and our annual expenditures
$300000. This would give us a
per capita tax of 110 to the head.
Now to show its incongruity and
injustice we will take Richard
Roe a poor Cherokee who lives
on the east side of Grand river
among the bills and hollows of
that broken country. He has a
humble log cabin and five acres in
cultivation; he perhaps has a pair
of horses a few cattle and tome
bogs; while he has been blessed
with little of this world's goods he
is bletsed with a large family; we
will say he has himself and wife
and ftn children; that will make
twelve in his family. AtilO per
capita he pays f 120 taxes for him-
self and family.
Now there is John Doe on the
west side of Grand river; he has a
spendid mansion five thousand
acres in cultivation twenty thous-
and head of cattle grazing on the
public domain and everything el?e
that heart can wish; he is blessed
with a wife and four children and
having six in family he pays at
10 per head $'") of our public
This is a fair illustration of our
trsUva of taxation.
is Mclianl Hoe who has appro
priatud live acres of our puhlio do
main to his own use and benefit
and pays 120 dollars of our public
taxes while there is John Doo
who has appropriated twenty-five
thousand acres of our public do
main to his own private use for
agricultural and grazing purposes
only pays $00 of our public taxes
This is a fair illustration of our
sy s to i ii of taxation and of holding
lands in common. John Doe get
all the laud and makes poor Rich
ard Roe pay his taxes. More
anon. Ned Buntlin
PER CAPITA FOLLY.
Mr. MoCarthy Suggests what to
do with the Strip Money.
WonuuTia AciDtMT VlKITA I T.
Ociub.t 17th lima.
Editor Chieftain: I want
the floor long enough to say that
resolution second of the Vinita
mass-meeting of Cherokee citizens
of Oct. Cth may be a suggestion of
good policy but I believe I can
suggest better. The Cherokee na
tion might possibly do worse than
pay out the Strip money per cap.
ita to those legally entitled to re
ceive the same but they can do
infinitely better and I think it be
hooves them to do it for several
weighty reasons. What can they
do? Sometime before 1820 the
general government made a distri
bution of its surplus lunds among
the states: the disposal of that
money is an instructive chapter in
the history of our people; one of
the plainest lessons taught by these
largesses of money is that they
loster shiflleness and improvidence
in any people; when that payment
comes there will be on the ground
a creditor claimant for two dollars
to every one paid out. I venture
to say thai the mere printing and
circulation of that resolution has
caused already the raising of thous
and of dollars of creditin the stores
of the nation; getting into debt is a
passion with all but a select few of
the human race and every pro
posai line mat in the second reso
lution of Oct. Cth causes thousands
of men and women to plunge deep
er into the gulf ol debt and sad to
say mortgage themselves to the
petty extortioners and usurers from
which no people is free but who
luxuriate and fatten especially
upon the poor who have money in
their hands but lack the skill to
When we consider how large a
proportion of what escapes the
waiting creditor falls into the
hands of the gambler or the fakir
who eellsmay be a china dog or
two to sit on the mantel and col-
ect ily-epecks we feel that the in-
tent of the per capita payment has
somehow f.iiltu of its aim and
that vastly more harm than good
has been dotie.
I referred to the distribution of
moneys by the general govern-
ment before 1820; the people of
my old Nutmeg state invested the
money which came to it to be for-
ever a permanent fund for the sup-
port of the common schools for the
common people of the state. I
want to tell you my southern and
western friends that this fact lies
pretty close to the secret of the
great power of the north its in-
tellectual leadership its financial
masterfulness aud its unshakable
leadership in all that constitutes
enlightened christian common-
wealths. The north educates
the common people; the south
educates only those children whose
parents can afford to send them
away from home; the north edu-
cates everyone Jew and Gentile
bond and free. I the son of an
Irish immigrant was the school-
mate of two boys who were the
sons of and are now in their own
right millionaires millionaires
children in the common day school
of my town with any number of
Mitkeys and Patsys and children of
every raee and every color. The
great puzzle to me is that the north
which is so anti-democratic in its
ideas Is so truly democratic in its
instincts as to perceive that the
the state needs the service of train-
ed intelligence and that it is as
likely to find it in the laborer's
hut as in the mansion ot the mil-
lionaire; those cold-blooded north-
erners see that the slate needs
the rervice of trained intelligence
and that for the purposes of good
government we have had too little
instead of too much; and in the
light of this truth the dividing up
and throwing away of a vast fund
having in it the power of untold
good to thousands of generations
of our children (our children and to
whom shall we be faithful if we are
false to our children) is a folly
worse than a crime.
I have another reason entitled
to less weight but it will receive
more; I believe I am known as a
friend of Cherokee autonomy;
there is a struggle awaiting the
friends of that autonomy; and
the fierce light which beats on
kings will sink into insignificant
paleness beside the scrutiny
which a hostle press and a bitter
and relentless faction residing
within the territory shall exercise
over all of your acts and policies.
It will be of little use for me or
anyone or everyone to plead for
the preservation of the Cherokee
government if the Cherokee peo-
ple furnish such a signal proof of
their incapacity for self-government
an to repeat this per capita
folly while the Cherokee school
ystem is in its present state of
what? I forbear to describe it or
characterize it; your enemies will
not be so considerate.
Worcester Academy has as much
to giin by the Strip ale as most
people; there are bills which it
iil never collect if it does not
then; but Worcester academy is
not here to encourage or allow for
the sake of afew paltry dol
lrs. nil can prevent a policy so
fraught with danser to every inter'
est it is here to foster; neither is
it here to flatter the people into
false senna of security or a false
sense of their own worth. Why
the very freedmen are on the point
of making this sacrifice for their
children; shall you do less for
yours? The Cherokee nation in
its sovereign capacity can do this
wrone if it chooses: but if the na
tion does it I am no prophet if the
blizzards are not hatched which
will tear its flesh.
THH ADVOCATE EDITOR
Would-be Partner In J.
Beok e Citizen Mill.
For some lime the Cherokee Ad
vocate has been lighting into J. II
I Beck and his citizenship machine
with its spurs on. 1 he following
correspondence published in last
week's Muldrow Register indi
cales that these attacks should
have come from the source indi
cated with a somewhat Question
Le.napah I. T. Oct. 8th 1892
En. Register: The old reliable.
the Cherokee Advocate edited by
"Uld Wont" and his wicked part
ner in its issue of 6th inst. takes
occasion again to give J. II
Beck a lot of free advertising by
denouncing him in terms the vilest
and for such advertising I am al
most persuaded to call upon the
old man and ask him my bill as
rns charges are "one dollar per
square lor the hrst insertion and
fifty cents for each subsequent in-
sertion invariably in advance."
Now for the information of the
fiublic I wish the two following
etters addressed to me from old
Mont" nuhlished. the originals
of which I now have:
Tahlequah I. T. Feb. 20 1892.
Mr. J. II. Beck
Vinita I. T.
Mr Dear Sir: 1 have it from a
reliable source that you have the
census rolls that were taken by
the U. S. government of Cherokees
by blood in 1835 properly certified
to by the interior department.
If this be true 1 have a propo
sition to make which I hope you
will consider. How would it suit
you to take all the citizenship
claims you can and let me file them
or have it done for you here. You
know I stand in with the admin
istration and could have all of
them filed without any trouble to
mo or yourself either. Besides we
might accidentally get some of
them through. At least we could
make them believe it strong enough
to get an advance on the last pay-
ment. On the quiet I think I can
get the chief to do anything for us
that lies in his power. Of course
if you accept this proposition I
shall expect one half of the advance
fee you charge which is $20 with
each and every case. Let me hear
from you. Yours truly
.11. M. Adair.
To this letter I made no reply
and received the lollowins from
Old Mont" thereafter.
Tahlequah I. T. March 24 1892.
Mr. J. II. 1$eok
Lenupah I. T.
Dear Sir: Not having heard
anything from you in answer to my
etter ot zutti ult. 1 write you again.
would like to know whether vou
intend accepting my offer or not.
believe the business no good any
way although if you had a good set
of fellows here to asnist you and
that you readily could use as ref-
erences a harvest could be made
and I expect the Advocate will
have to turn against you
II. M. Adair.
Now Mr. Editor I know these
letters will bring down upon my
head the vilest venora from "Old
Mont" and his wicked partner but
as 1 am not in the citizenship bus-
iness nor have been lately hav-
ing all that I can attend to here I
deem this explanation due myself
and no one knows better than I do
that it is a betrayal ot confidence
on my part to publish the old man's
letters. I thought 1 would tell it
on him as he seems to have a spite
against me for not going in with
him. If the old gentleman kicks
too hard I have a little more
literatoor" from him of the
same subject. Truly
J. 11. liECK
P. S. Probably G. W. Akers is
in with "Old wont." iney Dotn
are doing business on Beck's credit.
J . it. a.
As to the behavior of roots on
trees that are pruned it is a fact
hich we should always bear in
mind that when trees are lopped
off roots in like proportion always
die. When much pruning is done
the large numbers of decaying
roots destroy the healthy ones
also thus surely killing the trees
consequently we should under
stand that it is not a large number
of roots supporting a small head
that is beneficial bul it is the
large amount ol food stored the
previous season that causes a
strong growth or else sustains the
tree with its few branches until
its roots become established.
There is a popular fallacy con-
cerning fibrous roots which should
be corrected. It is generally be-
lieved that a plant which has
many hair-like fibres on its roots
is the best for transplanting; but
this is wrong for these fibres
bear the same relation to the main
roots that leaves bear to the
branches and last only as long
that is each season they are re
viewed; hence the advantage of
moving trees in early spring be-
fore the season's fibres are started.
While many plants may be moved
at any time providing the fibrous
root; are not in the least exposed
to the air it being their destruct-
ion which causes a plant to wilt
a few weak fibrous roots alone are
of no avail to a tree whatever as
it is the large roots which are full
of vitality that pushes out the new
white rootlets which gather
nourishment from the toil Ex.
Davis Hill & Co.
llurlal Casea and Canketa of all
Biiea. and fly lea.
It. W. CORltKB
ILLINOIS AYR. WILMS ST.
A. C. HOFFMAN.
Finest Place in the City to take your Meals.
Oysters Cooked to suit you.
Oct 13 tr
Interest to Gentlemen.
O. H. LEE . . .
. . . CUSTOM TAILOR
Has located in Vinita and desires
samples of the latest style goods
date. Also does
CLEANING ALTERING AND REPAIRING.
A Perfect Fit
Beautiful " is never
complete without a
beautiful lamp. But
"The Rochester "is
not only beautiful
it is a good lamp
a lamp with the light of the morning'. There
are 2000 artistic varieties of this beautiful lamp.
InaUt upon awing the atamp of the genuine "The Rochester:" ami ak for the written
guarantee. If the lamrxlealer haa not the tienuln Rochester ami the Myle you wnut scud to
Ma lor ilhltratc4 pnet liat. and we will aeud you (ttosolj any lamp salely by expresa.
ROCHESTER UJIP CO. 43 I'urlt IMaxe New York.
Arkansas will exhibit at the
World's Fair a relief map of the
state showing all elevations de-
pressions lakes swamps coal and
tone areas arable lands wheat
corn and cotton regions timber
and prairie lands etc.
The Southwest City Enterprise
says of the flection booths just de-
livered by the judge and sheriff:
"The booths are very common
looking concerns and it seems to
us that $i a piece for them is en-
tirely too much and is an outrage
upon the people to compel them
to pay such an exhorhitant price.
Any mechanic could make big
money by furnishing them at a
dollar and a half."
Miss Helen T. Clark the allotting
agent for the Ponca.TonkawaOioc
and Pawnee Indians hat eighteen
hundred allotments to make among
the four tribes and has already
made nine hundred. She is at
work at Pawnee now and in eight
weeks she has been there has
made seventy-five allotments. She
is getting along belter now with
the Pawnees than she did with the
Poncas and Otoes.
The Cofteyville Journal by its No-
wata correspontleut ia authority for
the statement that the Kirat National
Bank of Retlfork sustained a four
thousand dollar loss last week at the
X. T. C." iai
THE TITAJi OF CHASMS.
mile Deep IS Miles Wide
miles Long and Painted
The Grand Canon of the Colora-
do river in Arizona is now for the
first time easily accessible to tour-
ists. A regular stage line has been
established from Flagstaff Ariz.
on the Atlantic & Pacific railroad
making the trip from Flagstaff to
the most imposing part of the Can-
on in less than 12 hours. The
stage fare for the round trip i only
I'JO.OO and meals and comfortable
lodgings are provided throughout
the trip at a reasonable price. The
view of the Grand Canon afforded
at the terminus of the stage route
is the most stupendous pamorania
known in nature. There is also a
trail at this point leading down
the Canon wall more than 0000
feet vertically to the river below.
The descent of the trail is a grand-
er experience than climbing the
Alps for in the bottom ol this ter-
rific and sublime chasm are hun-
dreds of mountains greater than
any of the Alpine range.
A book describing the trip to
the Grand canon illustrated by
many full-page engravings from
special photographs and furnish-
ing all needful information may
be obtained free upon application
tojnoj. Byrne 23 lonadIlnck
Block Chicago 111. 2.
mill ' - " r j. itv. V'' I. v-J
to 20 tons In a ear.
guaranteed. Write for prices etc
Tllas shown many men that it pays to
J. insure their business and
(homes against . .
FIRE . . .
!IIas shown the prudent that it pays to
insure their . .
LIVES . . .
Regarding all kinds of Insurance policies.
Call on or address . .
JNO. C. ANDERSON
Vinita I. T.
Best 5c Cigar in the City.
your trade. Ho ha. a larce line of
and makes clothing in styles up to
Prices that the
Public can Afford to Pay.
the Aeat Markets.
An Open Letter.
To the people of Oklahoma and
the Indian Territory: The Indian
Mission Conference of the Meth
odist episcopal church desiring
to establish a school of I niver-
sity Grade within its bounds
with such preparatory depart
ments as may be deemed wise
and neccsiiary hereby invites
competition for the location of
Propositions for cash dona
tions and grants of hinds will be
gladly received for tho above
named purpose for the next sixty
days by tho conference com-
mittee. Correspondence solicited rela-
ting to the above named entei-
prise. Please address the undersigned
at Oklahoma City Okla. Ter.
15. C. Swakts
Chairman of Coin.
P. G. BROWNING
FAIRLAND !. T.
Supplied with complete
Building 0 Material!
.-. i.sci.rniNu .-.
Lumber Sash. Doors
Cement Lime Hair.
Estimates Cheerfully Furnished.
Can Save money for any
man in the Indian Territory
who intends building a
house rn.vs t
g T. HEUHA.N Chetopa Kan.
Parlor and Bedroom Furniture
The Itrfrtftt itock In mothem Kiniu
WOOD M ETA LIC COFFINS.
Practical Kmhalmtr. Tlr-ra'B ordcra at-
Stolen Span of Mules.
On Murrh 14 112. r of mnips tnpvftl
to bp itoten wer left at m v pi ice near Vini-
ta I. T
fcriptinn: On buy mr mnlp 7 ytn
otd hand hirh hranl(l K on left ah out-
der: th other a brown muip 7 yt ara old
amp hirht nd branlei TF (ooanertP l
April 7-tf. I". U- Afuaiwi.
Ai Perfect in Construction. f 1 I I E
iti. Artistio in Dnsirn.
Jfgjg Matchless in its Light. I
Hl"l 1 - "
Will work anywhere In touiiiflilH.n ailli miv nihor i.
Manufactured ud aoM by
Meridian Foundry & Machine Shops Meridian
Vinita Indian Territory.
A complete stock of Builders' Material
. Cement Lime Lath Doors Windows
Mouldings Mixed Paints Wall Paper Etc
Yellow Pine Finishing Lumber Cypress Shingles a Specialty
PRICES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION
Terms: CASH. W. L. TROTT.
M. L. & W.
CARRY THE FINEST LINE OF
Drugs Paints Oils Wall Paper Etc.
In Southwest .Miourj. fSeml tlit-rn mi onler for anything in the
above line and it will recwive prompt altetitimi. l'rrnt:riitiinia
carefully filled with purest drugs. IMS Went k-uie Cli iikce Avenue.
.lamea Mittcair Urn. Man. and Unit Sah'ninan. A
W. K. Metrnir. OWto. J.C MiUi-nir K
T A. Metcair Yariiman lrav nullcitor. I'
JAS. METCALF & CO.
Live a Stock Commission : Merchants.
Representative for the Ind. Ter.
ll-s Vinita. Ind. Ter.
HT. F. THOMPSON!
Keens a Enral Provision Store
Feed and Produce Exchange
All Kinds of country Produce BS
CALL AT THE NEW HOCK ST
LIVE STOCK CO
KANSAS CITY STOCK YAHD;
C0n3KiNMtrir5 SOLICIT EH-
W. H. Curtis & Co.
Lumber. Doors Windows Li mo
Cement Coffins and
THE ALLIANCE 2TO
Stm k t.f
d 11 Y
Ladies' Dress Goods
in tlie linr:
We are the
Pioneers of Low
An. I wo
Call and See Us.
Kunsm ("ity Mork Yar.la
kanaa City Wo.
JIalionsI Stork Yr.)
St. lairt liia.
Uliiou Stork Yarla
t hirarfn. lil
SUVt KI. M tl lMi.
Nali.mal i.Tk ar.lt E. M Ill
W. 1. TAMH1.IN.
I'aioa M.K'k 1 arda. t hii-aa-i. III.
t'lieajii-st Hiiiiil'M (-tront'i-Ht ni'iM
able Mini hjjli'ret in:fl of miy full-cirvlt
plena niinl.-; nk ln rl.tiift-H (. I'm ti
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Marrs, D. M. The Indian Chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Terr.), Vol. 11, No. 7, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 20, 1892, newspaper, October 20, 1892; Vinita, Indian Territory. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc775211/m1/2/: accessed September 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.