The Indian Chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Terr.), Vol. 9, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 28, 1891 Page: 1 of 4
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ornciAL rvrizi? our tiix: uriD-crs'rni-A.Xj ttxtioit.
'la T3alne' 3CaentIvl TJalty ; In. rn.ll Tlilne' dxa-rlty.'
CHIEFTAIN l'UllLTSlIING CO.
VINITA. INDIAN TERRITORY THURSDAY MAY 28 181)1.
VOL. IX. NO. W
Attention! Stockmen and? Farmers.
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AGENT FOR THE WORLD RENOWNED
Mm Biiirs m ins.
Fxatnine the "KACIIINE OF STEEL" and judge
for yourself. It will please the most exa ting.
Samples fgr ics section at Vinita and Alton.
-ALSO HANDLES THE WELL KNOWN-
John Deere Plows Rod Breakers Harrows
Corn Planters Cultivators and Hoosier Drills.
Moline Wagons. Buggies and Spring Wagons.
AFTON. . INDIAN TERRITORY.
and all goods Mrriod la
with priceeU iuH th ttanw. t
I employ nonejbut thorough workmen
using the "best of mjateriah and guarantee all
goods as' first-class in every respect.
"""mi i i i iiMa lni i.&tr
Vinita Xnd. Ter.
Buggies Harness Saddles
THE PEOPLES' PARTY
THIS IS THK N.tMK K TIIK VKIKHOI'S
1NKANT HHH'iHTINTt THK WOKI.D
ANI CHKINTK.M:lT AT CINCINNATI
I. A NT WKKK A KKT OK lKI NCI I'l.KS
ANO A NATIONAL CUMMITTKK Al.
The IMlfriu ill Full.
Hie convention held at ('luelimiill
lust woi-k l)y rci'iMontativeii of tho
ftirmors ulllanco and other industrial
organizations van unlnue lnltbiu)iiipol-
tion and la its manner of tninwuctintf
biminnha. I'redietlond wrro fively niuile
that there would lw a disruption and
lx)lt of a lui'fro iortion of tho convention
if tho formation of a third party wan
decided ution and tho earnest efforts of
many of tho brainest loxdeiu to prevent
tho third party plan and tho opposition
of almost tho entire south was ap-
parently millloient grounds to base such
st prediction ii)K)n; but so overwhelming
was the wmtiment in favor of the third
party movement as to completely
silence the opKibitlon in every quarter.
Tho decision to promulgate a platform
naming tho now party ana announc-
ing its principles was received
with tho wildest enthusiasm by the del-
egates and visiting brethren.
The convention was calli-d to order by
Capt. O. A. I'ower of Indiana who rend
tho ofllcial call of tho conference after
which Hon. Charles Cunningham of
Arkansas was introduced u tumio-
rary chairman O. J. Jones of Missouri
was chosen temporary secretury and
W. H. Robb of Iowa and (J. F. Wash-
burn of Massachusetts were made assis
tant secretaries. S. W. Chase of Kan-
sas was apMinted sergeant-at-arms
with E. E. Oakland of Ohio and Uwis
Itclzer of Nebraska as assistants. Tho
committees on rule and orders of busi-
ness credentials and resolutions were
appointed. Kansas was represented on
the committee on resolutions bv J. I.
Otis and Missouri by Ievorett Leonard.
The committed on organization retxjrt-
jd Senator 1 'offer as jiermanont chair-
man and tho senator assumed control
of the convention responding to a nat-
tering roivption in a few well-chosen
words. Tho lirst test as to a third
party organization occurred on tho
adoption of tho report on order of busi-
ness. The report of the committee
provided that each state should have
representation according to the num-
ber of its delegates in the convention.
As Ohio. Indiuna and Kansas sent H7H
of tho 1417 delegate of the convention
and as the delegations from those three
states were practically unanimously
in favor of the third party the adoption
of tho report settled that questlim ef-
fectually. Tho rcKirt was adopted amid
wild enthusiasm. Hon. K'niitius Don-
nelly of Wisconsin chairman of the
committee on resolutions reXirtotl the
following platform stating that tho
committee was a unit for the organiza-
tion of the third party.
Your comiuitt4H) on resolutions begs
to submit tho following:
First That in view of tho groat so
cial Industrial nmt economical revolu-
tion now dawning Uhii the civilized
world and tho new and living issue
now confronting tho American people
we believe that the time has arrived
for a crystalizatlon of the political re-
form forces of our country and the for-
mation of w hat should ho known as the
Kiople's party of tho Foiled States of
Second That wo most heartily en-
dorse the demand of the platform
adopted at St. Iiuis Mo. In lHyi; (X'a-
la Flu. in I!! and Omaha Neb lu
191 by the Industrial organizations
there represented summarized as fol-
lows: A. The right to make and Issue
money as a sovereign Kwer to be main-
tained by the )ooplo for tho common
benelit hence we demand the abolition
of National banks as banks of issue and
as a substitute for national bank notes
wo demand that kyal tender t reasury
notes lie issued in sutlloient volume to
transact tho business of the country on
a cash basis without damage or especial
advantage to any class or calling such
notes to be legal tender in payment of
all debts public and private and such
notes w hen demanded by the people
shall be loaned to them at not more
than 2 ier cent s-r annum uiion non-
perishable product as iudicated in the
sub-treasury plan and also iiMn real
estate with proper limitation uKn the
quantity of land and amount of money.
H. We demand the free and unlim-
ited coinageof ilver.
C. Wo demand tho passage of law
prohibiting alien ownership of land and
that congress take prompt action to de-
vise some plan to obtain all lands now
owned by alien and foreign syndicates
and that all land held by railroad and
other corporations in exit-sss of such as
actually used and ihxhIihI by them lie
reclaimed bv the government and held
for actual settler only.
D. Hclieving thouoctrino of equal
rights to all and (special nrlvilege to
none we demand that taxation. Nation-
al state or municipal shall not bo used
to build up one interest or clas at the
F.. We demand that all revenue
national state or county shall be lim-
ited to the nocossury expense of the
government economically and honestly
F. We demand a just and equitable
system of graduated tax on income
"tr. We demand the most rigid hon-
est and just national control and super-
vision of tho means of public communi-
cation and transiMirtation and if this
control and suorvisiondoes not remove
tho abuse now existing we demand the
government ownershinof such means of
communication and transortation.
H. We demand th6 election of pres-
ident vice president and Fnited States
oenntorg by direct vote of the people.
Third That we urge united action of
all progressive organization in attend-
ing the conference called for February
2i l.'2 by six of tho leading reform
fourth That a national central com
m it tee be appointed by this conference
to be composed of a chairman to he
elected by thi bisly and of three mem-
bers from each state represented to bo
named by each state delegation.
Fifth. That this central committee
shall represent this body and attend the
national conference on February 2-
l"n2. and if possible unite with that and
all other reform organization there as-
sembled. If no satisfactory arrange-
ments csin bo tffected this committee
shall call a National eon vent ion not
later than .lune 1 I '2. for the purpose
of nominating candidates for president
and vice president
Sixth. That the rr.cmlier of the cen-
tral committee for each state where
there is no independent political organ-
ization conduct an active system cf po-
litical agitation in their resective
A (x'parate plank recommending uni-
versal siiTrai'e to favoraMe considera-
tion and another demanding the p3'"
ment of pensions on a gold basis were
The roll of state was called and the
following members of the national com'
m'tteo were fi..rt'l.
ChairiiiM II. E. Taubcrneck bl
Arkansas L P Featherstono Isaac
E. MeCi-ackon .1. 0. A. Bush.
California Marion Cannon II. C.
Dillon A. ii. Hinckley.
onnooticut Holier". 1'lquo
Florida W. I). Ccmt'.or 1 Raskins
J. 1). (ios.
Georgia - C. C. jst..
Iowa J. 1$. Weaver M. L Wheat
A. .!. Westtleld.
Indiana-C A. I'owors Ijeroy Tem-
pleton J. 1) t 'onistock.
Illinois S. N. Norton A. J. Streatcr
II. E. Taulienoek.
Kansas 1. 1. Elder Levi Dumbauld
l. S. i slxirn.
T. (I. Falli'n.
I jiulhiiiua J.
1 1. Graves S. F.Smith
.1. Miller Dr. It H.
I'aino John I'ickett.
Massachusetts (. F. IVashburn
C. H row n E. M. Itoynton.
Michigan Hen Colvin Mr. S. K. V.
Emery John O. Sealxd.
Minnesota Ignatius Donnelly C. N.
I'erkin Andrtsw Stevenson.
Missouri 1'aul J. Dickson J. W.
Rotlgers W O. Alkorson.
Maine H. S. Hoblis F. A. Howard
1). W. Smith.
Nebraska J. H. Edmeson William
Dyssirt .V. H. West
New York Jacob H. Studor Joo J.
Ohio Hugo 1'reyer J. C. II. Cobb
II. F. Harnes
Oklahoma Samuel Crocker A. E.
Light John Hogan.
Pennsylvania It. A. Thomxtoii F.
R. Agnew Iewl Edwards.
South Dakota .1. W. Hardin H. N.
Louek Fn-d Jc;h.
Texas W. II. Lamb Thomas Gain
J. H. Davis.
Tennessee H. P . .Osborne G. W.
Kay John A. James.
Wisconsin Robert Schilling Alfred
Manheimer A. J. Phillips
West Virginia Luther C. Sehinn
Georgo W. llammet Thomas C. Kee-
nev. Wyoming II. llretenstein James A.
Smith S. 1). Merritt
District of Columbia Ijcq Crandall
S. A. Hland. H. J. Sohullor.
The day after the adjournment of the
convention tho national committee met
It was resolved to authorizo the chair-
man and secretary to issue a call for
volunteer contributions to bo kept
standing in all reform paier.
It also resolved that a national execu-
tive committor lie formed to consist of
chairman secretary treasurer and four
members to bo elected by this commit-
tee. Tho four elected are:
George F. Washburn Massachusetts.
G. F. Gait her Alabama.
Ignatius Donnelly Minnesota.
J. H. Davis Texas.
Tho committee adjourned subjet to
tho call of the executive committee.
This committee met Immediately after-
ward and elected Robert Schilling per-
manent secretary and M. C. Rankin
permanent treasurer and adopted the
Whereas It is iiiH'essarv for success
in 1K1I2 that the entire Fnion should lie
at once systematically organizes! there-
fore Resolved That the three metnliers
of the National committee of the iieo-
ple' parly in each state shall constitute
a state comuiitUt" for such state and it
shall In: their duty to appoint a sub-
committee of the ieople's party in each
county in their respective states to con-
sist of not less than three member: ami
it shall Iks the duty of such county com-
mittee to provide for the establishment
of a sub committee of not less than three
memU'rs in each township or voting
precinct in such county w here the same
IJesolved That the three incmlicrsof
the National committee in eaeh Mate
are requested to meet within thirty
days from this date elect a chairman.
secretary and treasurer and in d
to organize their stall's us provided
Resolved That the secretary of each
county and hsal committee shall. u
soon as the same is constituted iviMiit
tin' names of the olllc rs and members
of the suli! committee to the state com-
mittee and to the s cretiiry of t he na-
tional executive commitiee I.'oImiI
Schilling Milwaukee Wis.
Resolved. That the citizens of all
states and territories w hich wei-o not
(vprosented in the Cineinnssti conven-
tion of May 111 l'.i and whodeM.e to
unite with t he people's arty are h i-o-hv
requested to couiniuiiiciitc wit's the
chairman or ss'eivtarv of the national
committee. And In the absence of this
executive committee tho chairman
and se -rctary shall have the right to
organize such state or territorial dis-
trict by tho apKiintmenl of a state com-
mittee of three memliers who shall
pisceedto organize the counties) and
tow nship of such state or territories as
A irf Be.t Frirnil.
RememlHT the best friend tno Ut
eonlidant. is your mother. Have nc
friend w ith w hom ;dio Is not acquainted.
Muro her interested In w hat you aiv
doing and if her trial are many just
romomlier tliat to gain sympathy you
must give it -Make yourself your
mother's companion and friend then
she will !o yours. Do nothing tlnst
you conceal from her nfid never Isolieve
for a minute that when von have really
made her understand sin Jivi.l not can
for what Interests you.
Mother isn't so very much older than
you after all it hasn't licen such a lon
t i mo sines; she enjoyed just what you do
since life soom-l sis full of brightness
a do yours sim e st'c made as many
inquiries a. id tru d to think out as many
problems a you do and once you two
can meet on this common gmutid. In-
sure that yon will have nobody who
will as thoroughly sympathize witliyou
as dss your mother.
Never my dear girl permit yonrse!!
to say or w rite this again: try 'first ti
find out if the fault is not w ith you ami
tke as much care to cultivate tin
friendship of your mother as you would
that of a stranger and lie sure that it
is a thousand time much better worth
the having. That it is a friendship
upon which you may always rely and
that it will be that most inarvejou of
all friendships one where the thought
of you w ill I' t he first and always.
Ladies Home Journal.
"I'll have to charge you for that 1my.
madiim." said a conductor of a west-
lmund train the other day as he punch-
ed the ticket of a sharp-featured wom an
of niidslle age and helsl out his hand foi
the additional faro. "What for:'" !.
asked. ' He's more than " years old
He looks as if he was nearly l.V"
"Ain't you Jack Sampleton that iwd
to live down in Streatnr alsmt eicht
rears ago?" inquirsxl the woman eyeinn
Viim k-only. "Yes. What of it?"
"I'sed to buy yoor liutter and milk of
Widow .Isnifs'r" "I believe I did."
"I'm the Wiiider James loll'Tt the
last jar of butter you got of me the
one you w;u preng to J ay for inside o
ten dnvs?" "Win Mrs. Jaws didn't
did't I1 "Tl.'stjarrf butter. Mr.
Sampleton. hain't Nen paid for vet
anil this bov Iseked alwut a month of
I bein' " veai-s el I r hen ym got it. !
j he go? 1 "H-cues madam.' said the
j conductor. a ha p.iwl on witbasicklj
riiLoo. "The tsjy is piobiu'y '&rgi foi
bis ?-"-'M' .' Tribune
THE LAW YALID.
TIIK sl l'KKIIK I'Ot'KT IIKCIDKS TIIK
OUtOlNAI. I'ACKAdK LAW I'AHSKII
ItV CflNUHKNB TO II K CONSTITI'-TIONAI..-AI
I. TIIK .HI HI KM i'ONCIK
IN TIIK DECISION.
ThaKsiiisss Uw Vwllil.
Wasiunutow May at Tho Fulled
Htate supreme court to-day upheld the
constitutionality of the original package
law passed by Congress and also hold
that it wa not necessary for I he state
of Kansas to re-enact it prohibitory
law after tho passage of tho congres-
sional uet in order to shutout liquors in
original package. Tho case came up
on npis'ul of ilklnson sheriff ugainst
Raherer the lower court having Uo-
cided BL'ainst the Btato. Till court re-
verses the decision of till! lower court.
Chief .lustlira Fuller rendered the decis-
ion the entire court being with him.
Justico Gray however announced
that Justice Harlan Rreweraid him-
self did not concur m alt the reasoning
of the court. Tho case upon which the
decision 'was rendered wiw that of John
M. Wilkerson sheriff of Shawnee coun-
ty Kansas upM'llant vs. Charles Full re
brought hero on apiieal from the decis-
ion of t ho circuit court of tho United
States for the district of Kansas against
the stale. Faliro was the original
package ags'iit at Toiieka Ks. of the
firm of Maynard Hopkins A Co. of
Kansas City Mo. and was arrested the
day after tho original package law went.
He claimed that the law wa uncon-
stitiitlonal mid ulso that it could not go
into oiH'ratlon until the power of the
stat! U) Impsiso heavy burdens uKin s r-
sons and proiHTty m promotion of tho
public hi'alth giHsl order and prosiori-
ty is a jKiwer uiwav ls'longlng to the
state not aurrcndicu to them by tho
general government nor directly re
strained by the constitution of the
United States and esMMitiully exclusive
The isiwer of congress to regnliite
commerce among the the several stales
when the subjects are national in their
Iiutuiv it snv a is ulso exclusive. The
constitution doe not provide that ln-
U'rstulo rnmmcrcu shall bti free but by
the grant of this exclusive power to
regulate it it wan left free except in
congress might undertuke to rcgulute
it. I herefore It has lieen determined
Kohhin vs. Shelby taxing district that
the failure of congress to exercise this
exclusive power in any case is an ex
pression of it w ill that the subject shall
ii I ioo from restrictions or imMi
sit ions ii m mi It 1 1 y the si'veral
states and if a state law
imes in coulliet with the will of con
gress tho state and congress cannot
(H'cupy Itie position ol cquul opMisliig
sovereign! ies U'cau-.e tins constitution
declare its ssrpremiu'y ami that of the
laws pstsseil in pursuunco thereor. 1 hut
w hich is not Miprctim must y iel.l to
that which is supremo. The court says
t hat intoxicat ing liquors are undoubt
edly subji-ots of coiiimerco like other
commodities anil so recognized but
nevertheless it ha-sb en often held that
laws prohibiting the manufacture U'ld
salo of lispior within state limit
dss'S not necessarily infringe uny
conslit nt ionnl privilege or iininunity.
this right Ix'iug rests 'd us in the
miiiiler ease uisin the acknowledged
right of the state to control their pure-
ly internal affairs and in so doing they
protect the health morals and safety of
llielr people by regulations that do not
interfere with the iiowers of general
government The present case arises
uMiu the theory of repuguuoy between
the state laws ami the interstate ciini-
lni'ivo clause of tho constitution and
involves a distinct inn la-1 ween the com-
mercial isiwer and the public power.
Thi Iowa laws said to li i unconstitu-
tional in the U'isy original package
case. veii enacted in tils' exercise of
the state jailiee ixiwor ami not at all as
regulations of interstate eommerc but
us il amounted in s'tTect to a regulation
sf such com mi-re" it was lu Id that so
long as congress did not pass any law to
regulate specitically theti-Bttis' U'tween
the states on intoxicating liiUors. or
act In sus'h a way as to allow state laws
to oiicrulo iiion It congress thereby in-
dis aP'd it will that such commerce
should lie free and lint rammeli'd and
therefore that the la.vs of Iowa
were iuoH'rative insofar as the
amounted to regulations of foreign or
interstate commerce in Inhibiting this
reception of sus'h articles within th
stale or t hs'ir sah's uMin arrival in the
form in which imported.
It followed as a corollary thut when
congress ucted at all the result of its
action must lie toiqioiato as a restraint
iliMin the s'rfect freedom which its sil-
eniv iusuiimI. 'ougr-ess bsus now s)mkcn
and dei'lari'il that imsrted liiiioi
shall upon arrival in the state fall
within the category of domestic articles
of asimilar nature.
Ti c court u!o rendi'rrsl an opinion
through lustii'c Harlan in the ease of
Ward McAlister against the United
States. Mi'Alister win rcmovcsl fn m
oltlci' as judge of the district court for
Alaska by President Cleveland anil
claimed salary from tho time of bis re-
moval to the (ualiticatiou of his sue
c ssoi-. One question in the cusc was
whether the juslge of the Ala-ka court
s'uuie w ithin the provision of section
I'H" K. S authorising the president to
MisH'inl all civil otlioor "exsi'pt judges
of the United States." The court holds
that the Alaska court is not a cos i t of
thi' United States in the constitutional
sense as set forth in the thiiil arlis le of
the constitution but a territorial court.
The court saisl the dti'ision
in ths present ease gave
tie president CAiintiii'ts' swtr over the
territorial officers .luilginent is there-
fore given in favor of the l'nitsl
Statss .Ill-tie-.' Field and Justus' Gray
and Hrown dissent in an opinion in
which Inst'iee Field maintained that the
mere will of the president was not
sullis'is'nt to removs a judge from a
court creatssi by the lnit4Hl States anil
that the const it ition did not contem-
plate that judges should ho responsible
to him for his continuamx? in otlisv. It
sts'inssi to him that some of his breth-
ren overlooked the character of the ju-
dicial branch of the gssvernmeist which
only mads' a di-tinction atrainst the
(NHirls of t he territories. These courts
have a similar siwer ami there was
t he same ness'ssity that thev should use
their siffii' fearli'sslv and withssul fear
ol otTeml iug nay president lest they
should !e removisi.
The court aio by a majirity of five
to four to day alnmsl the juit:ment of
the circuit eoiir'. for tlie northern riis-t-iet
of New York in the csvse of Al' rt
11 Hrius. reo'iver of the First Na-
tional bank of IiulTalo against K. ti.
Spauluing et al director of the tsank.
The resTiver sought to hold the direc-
tor of th bank resiKinsiblu for Viad
loans made by the president of the
No disnonosty was charged bot i'
wss asserted that if the directors had
given pri-r attention to the u'Tairs of
the lisuk it wiMild have not faded and
t hat t he d iroetor wsre liable ti the
bank. The vurt holds that the direc-
ts ! ai-e simply to esrrise prudens-e '
and that this pri.den.s? is to lie governed
tiy usatre in liank stairs Ibis was so
in tne pr.-ont rase. The - is of
gr-aiimpotiam-e. involving the re I a
tions of I nati.Hial bank directors j
VI loiun of chie! jutt.
Thrown Open to Wlsllas.
"Spokane Fali.8 Wash. May 27.
The (Htmiulssloners appointed by tho
president to negotiate w ith the varloun
trilx's of Indiuns now occuitying tho
Culvillo reservation have returned heii
after a month of negotiation. Aa
agreement was reached with the In
dians by which J.'i(JO(MM) acreor atrillss
more than hulf of tho reservation am
to be sold to the government for $1 ps-r
acre and thrown oix-n to settlisment
Under tho treaty every man woman
and child ha a right to select eighty
acres. The treaty shall go Into effect
Immediately Uon its approval by con
The land eodssd will constitute one of
the richest and most attractive isn't ions
of the stale. It comprises farming and
grazing lands and hn fine streams and
mountains. Tho territory ceded i
larger t han the stale of Delaware and
more than tw ice a largo as Rluxlo
Preparing to Jtattfy.
KanhasCity Mo. May 27. Tho
Star's Topeka stsscial says: The farm-
er' alliance I preparing fsir a grand
ratification mooting. It will not come
In the old time way of a gigantic mas'!
ms-eting with bras bands orators und a
torch light procession but bv the van
ous regulation meetings of the .'1000
sub-alliance In tho stats) this week ansl
next The work of tho Cincinnati con
vention wili ho discussed and the planks
In tho platform separately considered
Then a vote will be taken on the work
and platform as a whole and the re-
isn't will ho forwarded to headqtiurters
anil to the reform papers.
11 Is a si'lis'ino to show the other states
the loyalty of Kansas to the third party
movement The sub-ulliunccs are
warned not to be hasty in their as'tion
and to giveevery proixisitioiiu thorough
examination upon it merit.
Drilled ml Use Stute Irtmellt.
Washington. May 27. Kecrelurv
Tracy refuse U discuss the reisirt that
the I lata would he surrensleresl ls'aoe-
f ii 11 v. Inquiry at the state denarlment
elicited information that there had
been no agreement between the United
States and the Chilian government by
which the Itata was to bo given up.
itoiiorts from Acajiulco to the effect
that t he Esmorelda is short of fund arc
contradicted by the statement that the
captain of the craft bus shown loiters of
credit for.MUXMi. The Ms-xis-an gov-
ernment stats' that no reinforcements
have been sent to Ai-apulco as the
gurrison there is sufficiently sir ng to
prevent thi'Esiui'rolda from Iansling or
taking coal forcibly. The government
ha no fear that the Kstiu-relda will at-
tempt such a feat.
Me Sol I oil m lres'riitlon.
Kansas City May 27. Tin? court of
aps'ttls to-day ri'verwd the deeisiun of
t he lower court and difchargeil M. M
Kaoffmun who was arrested tried und
convicted on the charge of soiling
liquor contrary to the hs-al option law
lu lints' I'ounty. KaulTman claimed
that be s:ild the liquor on a prescrip-
tion from a regular physician. This
tho court holds a valid defense. The
esiurt also hold that the hs'al option
law lu ilati's county was not legally
adopted. The election w ui held Jan-
uary 21 The law requires twenty-eight
days r.otice sif sus'h election.
In this case there was but twenty-sewn
day notics'. The court of ap'als hishls
the one day shortage to bo a fatal de-
A Court In si Pssriillsr Nltnntlssi.
.Jas'KSsinvii.i.k Fla Mav 27. A
singular result of the lire last Monday
in thi' Mohaw k bUs-k Is the embarrass-
ment under which It places the United
States district court. The lire musle a
clean sweep of all tlm court record.
Many of tho patters datssl bask to 1740
a id vi-ry fs'W of the records can ever )
replaced. A great many lawyers are sif
the opinion that the lire bus put an end
to all criminal coxes H'iiding In-fore the
s'ourt and that new indict tiients must !
found and the case ls'gun over again.
A there are luuny cases still js'inling
against Middle Florida ds-niss-ittts for
alli'gesl violations of the I'niti'il States
li-ction law iu 1hs these opinions arc
Kvoxvil.r.K Ts'iin. May 27. Judge
1 C. Houk cingri'ssman for the ss-csinsl
Tennessee district diesl this morning at
7 o'clock. Yesterday afternoon he went
to a drug store to get a prescription put
up. The druggist conixundcd it for
him and put il in a glass ns-ar another
containing a strong solution of arsi-nic
whish Judge llsiuk tssik hv mistsiks-.
Antislotes were aslmiuisiereii promptly
anil by III o'chs-k last night he was so
well that nothing was said almnt the
s'iri'umstaiisv exss pt to a fs'W frls-nds.
lb- slept through the night and dis-d
this morning sndsh-nly. He hail heart
diseass" and the jhiiso-i and excitement
follow ing th. i ini'ident affccl-'sl that or-
gan and was the cause of his heath.
(ilant I'owd'f "(iela Tli. re."
I.KAlivil.l.K. Col.. May 27. Ys-ster-day
while Morris Donavan and Adolph
liauffman wore working an drill'in 'he
Inviinho mill the drill struck an old
charge of giant Hiwder. causing a terri-
ble explosion and litcrully tearing into
fragments both men. Several miners
win king m ar were slightly injured hut
Srmntil m New Trlsl.
KANSAS City Mo.. May 27. The
Star Wis'hita sK'cial says: J. C. Ad-
ams sentenced to liiMig n t month for
tho mursler sif Captain William Couch
of iklahoma. O. T. fame receiwsi a
telegram this morning from his attos-m-y
in Washington saying that the su-
preme r-iiirt had allowssl tho bill of ex
cept ions tiled ansl tliat a new trial
would Is' granted.
The stoiioa Klrer on a Tt-nr.
Makmn Kos.. May 27. The Solo
mon river rose tlilrteen tes-t yesicrrtav
fssrenss-n and is out of it banks. The
mill dam of Hansen and Thornlon went
out. causing a loss or ?.!. Stephens
Hrewn's slam and mill are both in
great dangs-r. Several bridges are out
wi-st of h-ire.
Ir. GriTM no Kall-
DFN-vm. Mav 27.-Dr. T. Thatch r
Gruvs who has tssm contimxl in the
county jail sins-e Ins arrt"!-! on the
charge ot poisoning Mrs. J. H. Itarnaby
was yet-terstay aalmittesl to hail in
Ii. Tho bondsmen were pronounced
satis'aetory and Graves wa set at lib-
erty. lbs- Matters.
ITTSHfRi'. May 27. The river
miners of the Pitt-burg district hav.
withdrawn from the Federation of Ij-
hor tUi unite with the Knights of I Ji
Nir. This actisn was taken on ateount
of the bsv-kdown of the fs-deration on
the eight-hour question.
Ria Oont Itsppartnr-
Xfw YsKli. Mav 27. Seeretrv
Itlaine was up and Nut the hnie this
morning. The gout symptoms are rV
a TrealT of Frlena.hlp:
Paris Vsv rj.-The agenU of the
Chilian insurgents announcw that the
cmpr-ir.l party hss concluded a
tre cf trl.nd(tbip' Bolivi4
' THE ALLIANCE
The Isfatlonal Economist In reply to u
jorrcspondent says in regurd to tho
nioney of France: "Issues of the Hunk
of Franco havi Issen legal tender sinca
I HIS and as other lianks of Issuo do not
exist thssre I in France no currency
as Ulxungulslii'd from money proper
imrlng llio lime mat r rum-o wa pay
ing an imlemiiily tolermany a Ix-ri
of four years gold commaiidsxl a light
premium at one time being 1 i tx-r cs-nt
since that debt ha been paid Rank
Franco note elreulato Indiscriminately
all over the reputille with gold and all
ver and gold basil t left the country
either. Tho money of France giss into
circulation much as it does elsewhere
by discount over the counters of tho
latnk. There are a nuinlsir of private
isuiiks in all tno cities ami more than
seventy branches of tho iiutik of France
are compelled to open account with any
one so demanding. The Hank of Franco
diss'outit on the same lino of securities
to which the national bunks of this
country are restricted and the rate of
interest is much lower than is current
here. Hut the great relief to the
French business men coms-s from the
plontinssss of the money. About tflMK)
0 KIJIOU in gold 7(Xl0iJ0tKK) In silver
mid iHKI.()(I(IiniO of the.) bank notes are
in circulation with a tsipulation of
IK2V10HI practically is-rmitting traffli!
in cash. Under this cash system every
small dealer is not forced to have
bunk account. In lKti-t there was a col
lupsoiii I 'arts brought on by over-
si o 'illation among tho brokers anil
Inlanders of tho country and the Hank
of Franco suffered considerable losses
liy depreciation of collaterals hold
This Is the lust financial strait In which
bo bank has bissm placed. Of coursi
t ho payment of the indemnity to Gsti
many was a burden but liul nol pro
luce a crash and the ihsopIo seem no
ossirer from their great financial feat.
unexampled in history. The Bunk of
I' ranee acted as intermediary anil
u'tually made the payment for tho
'ovsTiiment though tho shares in that
restitution are held by private citizens
MTutod under a charter from the gov-
rnnient. There wa quite a Hurry
ml no is'rmani-nt bad effect from lbs
uilureof the Panama canal scheme und
it her sMi'ulat ions alxnit two yi'urs ago.
nit thoiiL'h the losses in money won;
;i i'ul it had little effect on legitimati
siimnerce. lieoauso of her great
o I ii me of money t ranee was able lust
ear to lift England and indeed all
'iiristendoin to a firmer footing when
the liurlngs failed.
:l.tsv Is.m-s the ISovcriiiiifiit luii.-y'.'
Ill coi'.tidenlly osscrti'sl bv many
. rili'rs us an indisputable proposition
Hal tlie government csin have no
noiiey not previously raised by ta.;i-
ion and can make no money exs-s-pt by
laving out a dollar raised by tuxatton
or each slollar (siini'd. The first money
aust Ih derivs-d from a tax in Kind
metered for gold und silver or other
noni'v metal or sulistauee which
. hen s'amis'd by tho govei ninent Is
gal tender for debt which fact cor.
tilub'S it the luons-y of the country
'he government hits! the msins'y first
ml how did the people get it? The
iivernmeut paid it out to them for
tlarics war exis-nses and apii o irisi-
ous or loan it to bankers at a low rate
iuU'rest that bankers might loan it
other people at a high rate of inter
and so enrich ths'tnselws by usury.
iis last is the favorite methisl ami i
le quintessence of class legislsDt ion.
lis' government now res'overs by t;ia
on iw Inch is a charge for lis service to
ic in-dplo and legitimate taxes nri
ust wage of tin' geverninenti a part of
is money from the people und buy
nore nioiii'y ins-tal and coins more
lioney. It is then the taxing power sif
he governmi'tit which enables the gov-
rniie'lit to create money. In other
orsls. the nation il legal tensler or
'loney is based oil the power sif ta:i-
ton isisscssesl hv lbs- gsos'i'iinient.
iovernms'iit may. therefore jssus- legal
"iiiler in any form based sin its power
if taxation jiledgi'sl to the redemption
f the issue in such legal tensler as has
n-eii already paid for by the govs'i-n-:i"i
t prior to its issue. Such legal
eiuler greenhueks or silver s'crtilii ules
..present I'lc credit of governmi'tit
i ist'd on its power of taxation. Thus
raced to its ultimate source the value
. hich lies behind all legal tender mi-
ailed) is the product of lulmr. The
.ulue of a gold dollar is not intrinsic
ait depends on its Hwor to represent
lie value of lbs' prsnluets of lalsir. The
noni'y making function of government
s evidently based on it power at any
i i mo to domain! its wages of the ps-oplo
u the hux of a tax in kind. Oovs rn-
uent may issue legal tender at any time
in the form of its promise to n-ileem
the issuo on demand or after a certain
lime in a form of legal tensler repro-
.entingthe value of the product of
lalsir. It ap-nrs therefore that the
government shall issue legal tender
lisised on the prisiiis'ls of labor in ms--e-sion
sif the government is the ori.-i-ial
methiHl w hich is the prime source
if all nioni'y. It i the metlm 1 of the
(institution. National Citizens Alli-suis-e.
An llller-liite Alllnn.e.
A call is issued for a mii ting of dcle-
j'Ut.'S to Is- selscted from the Imrder
counties of Kansas anil Missouri to U"
i.i'ld at t he eld criminal s'ourt nsim in
Kansas City. Mo. on May 2 '. I'M.
tne delee-ate frtim s'aeh sub-union in
the following counties is request.! to
Missouri Jackson Rates. Johnson
Cass. Henry lji'ayetts' lay Huchan-
an Livingston Piatt. Andres. Daviess.
S arroll. t linton.
Kansas Wyandott.'. Miami DoiiglsD.
.leffcrson Jackson s-iDgi- Anderson.
MsDi-shall. Johlis.in Franklin ljcaven-
worth. Atchison Shawti.s'.
The county si'retarles of
these s-ountis-s are request. d
theiraddress to H. W. Piilliam. reisird-
cr's ollie.' Kansas City Mo for further
New rensl.n ftrc.ilMliftn.
The Hon. R. Kelley. Unit.! States i
x-nsion agent lias is-.u.l a circular to J
ix'nsionorx instructing them in the new
payment of x-nsions law. The pension
agencies have hi-n arrangisl in thns
gnisqis. the second sd which ss.'iisisTs of
Indianapolis Toi-ka. Ijouisville Phil-
adolphia and New York and the pay - i
ments maie by th-e agencies w ill here- ;
a'ter he on the fourth daysof February ;
May. August and Novemis-r. The 1
regular quarterly payment will Is- i
made on June 1st this year and at that
time vouchers w ill lie sent to the 'n- ;
sioners for two months' jx-nsion. tn 1
August fourth. Mr. Kellev uiges uixn
the rensioners to tstrw ani thes vouch
ers promptly on that (late so that busi
n.-ss of the t'tlasp may be lacthtat.sl arnl
that the new rule may be put into force
without unmxf s-sarv delay.
With Italy "deoertol by American
travelprs" a the cable reptirts. and by
thousand sif his countrymen who are
sjwarniing to this fount ry Rudini's lot
Is not a happy one. New Yotk World.
Our Kelatl.ma with our Creditors;
8o much confusion has arisen witT.
the last year or two concerning th
lutlons of the western people with t olhm
creditors In the eastern states that
well for us occasionally to stop and .
shier what tho truth Is In the ma
In the first place it has been aiinoui
a grout many times in tho coluuir
this and other farm )itiM'rs that tl
has boon ut no time and there is
now any intention whatever ujkhi
part of the farumrs or of any clan
citizen In any of theso wests-rn slat
u repudiate a single dollar of their ; Is so
slsditednes. The trouble has not aris- -1ato
from any disposition. u)xin the part
the people to get rid of tnelr oblij
tions dishonestly. The confession li
come fj-om adesire uivin the part
speculator and politician to make ea
itul out of tho situation.
The peoplo are acting but nat-
urally" they find themselves overw helm-
ed wit ban indebtedness which they are
absolutely unable in most case to pay.
A largo number of debtors find it
practically imKissible to do mors- than
to keep up the interest upon their
loan and to pay their taxes with other
niMHissary demand which are made
upon their substance. In that condi-
tion of thing it i only natural that wo
should ask an'ex tension of time or a re
duction of tho rates of interest or
both: and in doing that we will bo fol-
lowing tho example set by tho govern-
ment of tho United Stats- by many of
the state governments and by a very-
large number of counties and cities and
tow nships throughout the country. The
government in tiiiissof trouble Isirrowi'd
money upon very high rates of interest.
going up to 7.."10 for a lurgo loan and
no rat.3 was less thun ti pi'i-s-ent during
the war. After the war was closed
the first effort of our public officer
coiii'erning our liidebls?(lnesB wa
to fund It in long-time bonds
la'ttring lower rales of interest. 11
has been part of the party capital of
Hlitis'ian all along through year
since the surrender of Iao that tho in-
terest rat.'s upon our indebtedness hud
Ik'I-ii very much lowers d. It has ls s.n
an argument m favor of the policy of
the ruling party that the indebtedness
sif ths! lH'ople hud Ist-ii scaled so us to
make t heir burdens lighter. Was there
anything dishonest in that pros (.I'ding?
.Nsione will assert the alhrinutive. lake
the cass sif the state in similar circutn-
stances. Many instunees will be re-
called by the readers of this where a
largo indebtedness had lieen as'cumu-
lulcd and the ix-oplo found it burden-
some. I lis'V lu-kesl niitl obtained an e.-
nsion of time and reduction of the rate
of interest. Herein Kansas time and
it .'iii ii application bus ! en made to tin.
islalure bv s'ountii'S and by suti.-s
und by townships to fund t lis ir indebted
ness and reduce the rates of intercM.
Were tin so proceedings dishonest'.'' No
one win take the affirmative. 1 lie
Atchison To'ka' Santa Fe railroad
'oinpanv ts cams s'lnlmrrasscil ami re
duced the iiits s sif interest on their
Iximls frsmi 7 per cent and i er cent in
1 r ii nl. The new bonds were ue-
pteit by u vote of a majority of the
stockholders in plaits of the old ones
put uptm tie.' inMrkct ansl the company
L'anv.eil as there anything dis
honest alxr.il that' Nobody. except
possibly a few of this stockholslcrs has
lieen heard to assert anything of the
kind. What then is therein the case
of our wi'sterti people generally that
takes them out of ths- list of honesl
lebtors. when they ask to do what
the government the stall's and
mull ii'ipalit ies and csa-porat ions have
(Issue time without inunln'ry
We as': only time to turn
around. We knosv and so does all the
world that interest rates are out of a I
ro s'r proportion to the protits in siuy
f ths industrial pursuits. Inteiv-t
ates as they appear upon the face of
the papers are s'xorliitantlv liiu'h when
'ouipatvd w it h protits in itidu-try ami
business. Vet. bv I'S'il.soll of the eeti-
ractioii of our circulating Mi.-.i n i in
im-e the war. interest ra's-s. u-s well a
axes and ts'l ot tier ctas-es ot ob! ua' ions
on the citien. have U en at le.--t
ui Id. il . so t I'ii t lie- burden ll Otl til-'
'Ollle is Mvice US L'I'eUt Us il wo'lM be
u'ider normal s-ont il ions. Tlmt is to
;iv. had the same cunditio'is whic'i
VUilcil whell the itld.ehteii'li ss was
out ri'ct'.d s'ont I need until the present
iltie 1 he burden i if t lie people's debts
would ! only half what it is bow. It.
for that reason that debtors find
theliisel es iu many s-iises wholly mul
lein extricate tlu'tiiselvos frs-iii their
tiiiitnciul eniliarra-sineiit. It is time that
all take to studying I hi- mat ter and
o I's'i'init farmer and m. el anies niid
ople gs'iierallv to apply to their own
business cpmljtions the sana- .rineiples
that are without (jiiestion applied in
business eem rally ami in public si'Tairs
pceiallv. Rtnkrnpt laws were pot
nui'le for the U-iieht of farmei's. and it
was a rare ca-e indc.-d w hen a farmer
found ready ts usaM 1 ims.-if
f the ad antiiL'es llow iiiL- from a
ruptev s'our 1 be tsirincr iuis
isolated in his wolk from nee
r'aruici's are scattered 'tkrit. her
there one. cerv man tijiMt a psu ticu
piece of land aell otic 1alin care
ids ow n business w it h in h's own 1m
i-f 1 1
t l.ri lie-
it until finally
by misfortunes t hat l.e
111 oil hints.'' atld le w
l:e I lid. tliat
ban king i.n.l
I pass j )nni
e of l.'lsin i
I. but bur.! n-
i -elie . st r h
hile railresnlini.. aiu
Ilianuraet'M'lne ae ;i
ml'. Ioplt iiL'o i'i .lie ra-
' is left not only lehii.
1 I. vor:d his l'(''.. r ti
iebl. llensks now that he mav !' pf-
nnti. d to apply to himself the sioue
Ies that are appli. d bv other men and
bv ot her depart n .'tits of work w it bout
any chare' odishonestv . i-"r.-1 m i.l i t i.m.
Is t he kink runt a repud iat. 'i- ' 1-
man ho st ails himself of U netits nf-
fotded bv ant lawful enactment to tie
charged lib sli-lion. sty for that reas-
on':' If net then let il ! undel-stisid
i hat the debtors of t hi country are a.
liU-rty to present their claims for a ns
diiction of interest r:tb s and to flu sv
lcnsion of t i tne in w hich to pay their
indebtedness W'lhout osne their
nuinhsssl and without proxu-ly si.b-
i.i tiiig themselves 1o any charge of
slishsmesH. - Kansas Farmer.
Som (hlnc Nem In !srik-a.
A curious (ps-stion was rais.-! nt the
mi. ting of the Central Ijsls-r I'nion
vesterdsiy a't.'rn.x.n. In an anonymous
o:nmurication t.me otic claiming to
In-a street railway empiove jii-ot.-sted
against the placing of letter t-o. s on
trect cars. The reason given was that
j the letter hoxe would plasv tb" cant
j under the prob-eiem of the Ur.it. d
' -slHt. s government and thus hsadiv band-
teap tli' employ in os- they want.-.!
I t-lrike. It is a crime against the
iro. rnie. nt to int. r'-re in any way
ith the et 'ati-n of the mail service.
Pi-tmat.-r In-nt-ch say he wiil l'k
t into the complaint. IV puty P.-lnat-'
er Wheeler Pttirr- the opinion that
te carrv ing of n.ail on the er.rs wo"'d
no! interfere wi'h the richt of tie
m- n 'o quit work or o'rike if t.'iey
wsr tod to n ? 1 1 cDiiiii-r la'.
t of tho
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Marrs, D. M. The Indian Chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Terr.), Vol. 9, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 28, 1891, newspaper, May 28, 1891; Vinita, Indian Territory. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc774375/m1/1/: accessed January 17, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.