The Guthrie Daily Leader. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 30, No. 107, Ed. 1, Tuesday, March 17, 1908 Page: 3 of 8
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Jt h&.'.&'iWittoti&.xciLii a -y- . AasaawmsMa ..juM&uMJs&miiMiL .i.acM'V!sjB2&s
THE LEADER GHTEttp? OKX.A'. TITESDA Y MAttCIT IV 15)08.
EFFORT W E LL RE-
CEIVED IN HOUSE
FURNISHED HIS TEXT
Showed Thorough Knowledge
of Existing Conditions in
Washington March 17. With the re-
moval of restrictions on tlw allonn-
tiou of Iiiillnn lamlB In Indian Terri-
tory na his text Representative Cliarlos
Cattr of Ardnior delivered his
maiden speech in congiess. Hi
Bpe.-ch was well rcelved and frequent-
ly applauded and Bhowod him Well
posted with condU'ons as thoy oxlst
in Eastern Oklahoma at present. Mr
inrter dealt with cold tuuts through-
out his address. At times ha grew
eloquont eloquent as only an Indian
can get It was a serious talk. Mr
Carter made no attempt to brush
nnlde tlie legal izo that bo coni-
plrtelv envelope. : i nbject innttT.
He explained tlnv 1 e wai no lawyer
but that the situation and condition'
In his stato and which lawyers cannot
ignore lu dealing with removal ot iv
From the very start It wan oloar
that Mr Carter was not in Bympathy
with the paternalistic Inuoneo and
functlonn exercised by tho interior
department with respect to Ite deal-
ing with tho Indians of East Oklnho
ma. He referred to the "supposed
restrictions on tho liberties of Ameri-
can cltlzer.B" and v. anted to know
how one could recondja the rostrlo-
tlone thrown around them ami thr
fact that as citizens ot tho UnltoU
States they have guaranteed to thorn
all tho rights and lunnunltiets of other
citizens of this country.
'This paternalistic attitudo is woll
Minnph for the full-blood Indian" con
tinued Mr. Carter "who Is in fact tho
only real ward ot tho government but
whpn an Indian or any other person
reaches tho point of intelligence at
which lie is nolo to think and act for
himself any further attempt to stand
pponsoor Tor Ills acts and supply tho
domntids of hts Hfo simply stimulates
the Indolence In his nature and de-
stroy such Independent and Inltln
tlve character ab you have been aid.
to const nil t.'
Representative Cartor declared timt
the Kicking Klcknpoo scnndnl recently
uneai tiled should not operate as a
detriment to removal of restrictions in
East Oklahoma and called attention
to the fact that the Klcknpoo Indians
nro perhaps tho lowost class of Indians
In point of Intelligence In Amorlca.
whereas tho Fivo Civilized Trlbos
most Intelligent anil competent of
American rod mon. Drawing tho an-
nlocv to a ilne point ho uoolurod that
th Kicktipuos can no more bo com-
pared with tho educoed mixed breed
t'horoknes for instance simply bo-
cause thev nro both American In-
dian stock than can tho ignorant dog-
oatlng Igorrotto bo compared to the
Bhtowd aggressive Jap because thoy
nro. both of Asiatic-Malay origin.
Particular attention was paid to the
history of tho Atoka agreoment an
the subsequent supplemental agree-
ment and how theso agreements hao
worked to tho detriment as such civ-
ilized Indians as eonipouo tho majority
of the Five Civilized Tribes "Those
agreements" said Mr. Carter provld
c-d tor dissolution of the tribal gov-
ernments within olglit years allot-
ment of landu in severalty and speed
bcitleinent of all tribal affairs. Among
other thlugs curtain restrictions were
placed upon tho alienation of Indian
landu." Ho then singled out a partlc
Hiar provision in the Atoka agreement
made with the Choctaw and Clilcka
saws which ties up tho property of the
Indians as far as the removal of re-
strictions are concerned In no un
and these matt.rs of restrictions on
ion according to the Armtmoie con
greasmnn. caused the treaty to be de
feated when latt i Biibuiltted to a pop
uiar vote of th- Choctaw and Chlckn
saw neonle. AiiuUk-i election was
however called" hald Mr. Carter the
Importance of an early change In con
dltions urged and tills time tin. ugrc
meat was ratified by a small major
Uy In the main because It was
thought tho spirit of such an ogrHt
jnent would be carried out giving us
a speedy settlement or tribal affairs
and these maters of restrictions on
land titles and taxation could bo ad
Justed prior to the advent of state-
hood " Tho further charge was made
that the supplemental agreement oon
tatnlug tho sumo restriction ft-ntures
would probably hnvo follod of rutin"
cation it tt had not carried a provision
enabling the two trlbos to expunge
from their rolls cortalu persons whom
tlioy claimed had no rights ami pro-
vided tor a per capita jtayniont or part
of the tribal funds.
Continuing. Mr. Cartor said-
'Tho renditions under theso two
uereenwnta wore most deplorable but
not to bo comnnral wliat was yet
tcj he handed us by the Act of April 20
JObu I'ndar these two agreements
the seertary oC the Interior was nut
prevented from removing restrlatlonp
on the alienation 0 Jands other tiura
homestead" uliolfaynts whenever Jn
i5rj'l)K lrcnimtloits simply devnl.
opdryWarrhi they dry up tho sMrctlous
whtou adhere to the membrane nml deeoJn-
pofl eiurilug a far mom nnrion trouble
than the ordinary Verm of catarrh. Avoid
nil drying inhalant. futJlsa smokes and
snuffs ami uw that which eleAnses. soothes
and hala. F.lv'a Cream Halm will master
outturn or oofd in .the head easily and
piwanutlv. All druggists 811 the 0 esnt
alsie. .fily Brothers BO Warren Slreet
The llulm Is used without pain does not
Irritate or mute sntesing. ft spreads itself
of er an irritated aiul atiftry mirfRca relist-
Ine immediately' tho painful inilauiinatinn.
iij'i Cresui D.itm contains no cooalne
mercury nor other harmful drugs.
his opinion tile Indian was considered
competent to mnungo his affairs. So
that one Of thesp Indians who had
come to ho it sovereign citizen of tire
tTlitteil SUttes. suppoeedly With all the
rights and privileges and Immunities
attached thereto could by debasing
his manhood and pride to a degree ot
nbjeel servility by admitting his In-
feriority to other men supplicate and
beg the right to ant tne bread which
he noaawwed rind which was justly his
to no with as he plensel. '
"This lu't net referren to not only
donlod a part of these people this
small modicum of liberty not only pre-
vented them from presenting thole
bfb request for the pursuit of their
happiness :ib thoy saw It not only de
clnred such restrictions removed when
they are compotent hut placed Uie
additional inhibition that many could
not oven lease their land without
truckling to somo department offic-
ial." The fnct thnt the time has coma
when congress should distinguish be-
tween tne compotent and Incoinpo-
tont Indian wns brought out clenrlv
by Mr. Carter. TfimpliaBls was placed
on toll fnct that the full-blood Indian
Is In reality the. only real ward Of the
government and my bill gives him
ample protection U provides that no
full-r ) shall sell his surplus lands
for lfJss than an ndoqunte considern-
tton to be actunlly paid and that his
homestend shall l-smalii innllenuble
until December 1. 1030 "Tills.. I be-
lieve to be tho best protection ever of-
fered the full blood Indian" declare!
Representative Carter "for tho reason
thnt it givs him actual protection
wlille tho present law simply strains
at n purposo it fails to accomplish.
It intimidates and prevents honest
homo builders fiom entorlng the mar-
ket and paying a legitimate prloa for
these lauds ami at the same time fall-
ing to prohibit the unscrupulous ad-
enturor from getting possession of
and f clouding the tiUo to theee lands
for a merely nominal consideration.
Incidentally the Indian in Ills primi-
tive stale was noted for am unwaver-
ing (ldflity to his obligations. These
conditions tend to destroy this tho
most ci . imondable tanturo of tho In-
dian's cl ..-acter by plainly saying to
t.ie Indian 'sell your land give a deed
to It then make supplication to have
ycur acts Bet aside to bo ropossossod
of your property and on th groundB
of your Incompetency we will hiib-
(taln you lu yodr dishonest contention.'
"Tho Choctaw and Chicmtsaw In-
dians nro reputed to be one of tiio
wealthiest chiasms of peonle on the
face of Wh earth yet today with all
tliolr boosted wealth with all tills pa-
ternal supervision mai of tho ignor-
ant full-bloods iimonr them can barely
'p the " of starvation fiom the
door and w . matter of fact they are
Ich -lint how rich In lands and money
itoid out or tliolr each by the federal
"What proilteth a man If no owneth
tho earth and yet starveth to death!"
"1 wjll tell you" contlued Mr Car-
ter. "It is a crime to longer keep
those people under such bondage.
Many of them are growing old and will
soon pass away doubtless their condi
tion of penury will hasten death.
Then In tho name of Immunity nay
1 will not make hypercritical appealB
to your sentiment but appoal to your
ffilrnoss Instead. In the name ot thnt
spirit of fairness which rests deep down
lu teh bosom of overy true born son
of Amorlca lot us so to it that theso
poor peoplo aro allowed to enjoy tho
possession ot somo of their Just rights
bofoM that dreaded renpor takes them
to the Groat Ileyond.
Dealing with the logal phases of tho
situation Mr. Carter said: "John
Marshal stated In Hiihstance thnt In-
dian trlbos are. not foreign states hut
must bo regnrdod as domestio depen-
dent aliens. If these tribes are de-
pendent domestic nllous It would nat-
urally follow that each. Individual mem
ber thereof must be n domestic depen-
dent alien. United States citizenship
was conferred on all members of the
Five Civilized Trlliee by the act or
March 2 1301. It seems to me that
the term 'dependent alien' is abso-
lutely Inconumtlble with United
States citizenship therefore restrlc
tloiiB might be maintained upon the
liberties of Indians who are domestic
dependent ntleus but not upon United
Slatts citizen. Indeed it senilis to
me a very close question if such re-
hUlotions cau really be legally and
constitutionally maintained "
In conclusion Mr. Carter referied to
bib own hill flying that it huh a
measure calculated to meet witli ac-
tual conditions In his state and what
his people e&pectod at the lmpi of
congress. "1 realize however" said
Mr. Carer "that the interior depmv
ineut lu not willing to go that far and
that tlio Interior department will prob
ably Insist that its own hill lie pawned
ratli r than my own bill or that of suy
other member ot Ih delegation ' lie
congratulated Secretary Ourfleld In
going us far as lie did hi his rocom
meadations to congress lu Uie matter
ami an. id that the passage of tho bill
will ii'tle.'e conditions in Oklahoma
Carter received an ovation at the
clone of his remarks republicans as
well i democrat Joining In the ap-
plause and congratulations.
Special Judge For Murder Case.
Chief Justice Williams of the Su-
preme eourt ha written District
Indue Joiinson outlining the proced-
ure for appointment 0pfl special Judge
to sit In tlve Thomas brothers' murder
Gtwi which comes up March 33. Tho
necessity or a new trial Judge was
brought about hooouse JuJae Johnsou
haj disqualified himself uj her the
c8. navin ueen a jaw partner
JJehn F. ThOHtas
TELLS STORY OF
SHUT IN FILTHY CELL
AND LITERALLY STARVED
Two Americans Convicted of
Murder at Which They
Were Not Present
Speclnl to Daily Loader.
Elnld Ofcia. Jinreli ". Kdward
Stuver of Drookfleld Mo. is in this
city today on his way homo from Old
Moxlcu .uid for the first time since'
his release told ot the horrors of ex-
istence in a M ox! ran dungeon. Stuver
gtilned his liberty through u demand
upon Mexico by the secretary of state.
In company with W. II. Speed of
Dallas Texas Stuver was confined to
a prison tor thirteen months and thir-
teen days having been sentenced for
a crime of which ho was wholly guilt-
less as the Mexican authorities es-
tablished to their own satisfaction be-
fore he was released. Hearing in his
face distinct trxtHi of tlie atony he
had endured during Uie long months
of confinement Stuver told a tale of
In July l'.iQG Stuver then an ongl-
nwr on the Mexican Central railway
was arrested at the city of Cardenas
on a chargo of murder. In company
with J. A. Iiodfich n conductor ot
Kansas City the engineer was stand
ing oh the platform of the Curdenis
depot when thoy heard an uproar In
the restaurant which occupies a part
of tho depot. Looking In a window
they snw a scramble for tho door on
the opposite sldo nnd u pao'n dying
oh tho floor. That was all Stuver saw
or knew of tho killing.
Not Present at His Trial.
Before ills train could pull out tho
American ouslneor was placed under
arrest charged with complicity In the
killing of the native. W. l. Speed
also an engineer was In tho restau-
rant when tho fatal rjv took placo and
lie too was ariested. Tlist night the
two Ainerlcuns were locked in the
Cardenas jail and the next morning
some twmty natives enraged over the
killing swore that these two men hud
slain the dead peon. The only trla1
afforded was being called before a
Judge and Informed through an In
terpreter that they had been sen-
tenced to twelve yetirs in prison.
With 'the tropical sun blistering
their faces Btuver and Sped were"
marched over rocky roads bills ami
mountains and across swampy ravine
to Allqulnos. On tho route tuey were
guarded by a detachment of twelve na-
tives armed with machettas who'kept
the points of the weapons within u taw
Inches of the bodies of tho prisoner-
who wore not allowed to look around
once during the day's fatiguing march.
The Horrors of Their Cell.
And in tho rear of this procession
which was lod by Stuver ami Speod.
wub n group of natives carrying tho
casket which coulujued tho corpse ot
tho slain Mexican. Again and again
tho peons stopped to veep over their
dona comrade and to curse tho Aniojr-
Arrived at Aliqulnes the prjgoners
were lodged In a dirt fioered adobe
walled coll six by nine fee with o
roof of bamboo polo. There they re-
mained eight months and five days.
Oils kept watch while the other slept
ami guarded Uie body of th sleeper
from tarantulas ceutlimden and every
form of tropical insect tc.piin and
pest that Infested the cell.
After eight months here Stuver and
Speed were transferred to the state
penitentiary ht San Luis I'otosl o
serve out their sentences ot twelve
One day while visiting this prison
two IS n Id women Mrs. James Saunter
and Mrs. A. Rogers sisters and th
wives of American englnevis In Mex
uansos tho ovAicni LyTleci-
if n- i fvv via )
(icings duo to Constipation;
Acts naturally actslnuy as
QoiX ijiMenx)mon nnu. tlula-
ren -young anil Ola.
1o ot.its JtinetfialEjoets
Always buy tap Genuine ujiicu
lios llit1 jtill name of the Com-
rn by whom tt i nunufocturpi.pi-intejJ on the
5 SOLpBYAliLtDuNG DRUGGISTS.
pv ai&v vnyi tjui j -t's
ico saw tho two pHsohnrs and nlf
tatnod their story In nut. When the
women camo back to America they
gave an account of the suffering they
had seen tn the AtnBrlertn newspapers
and the story of tho tinjust Imprison- r
ment of Innocent men.
American Newspapers Treed Him.
Edward Stuver says lust the pub-
licity of the facts in tilts case In what
gained his release Wnves that ha I
been at work wre given a new Im
petus. Hundreds ot latUirs asktt:
lllll Itlltll UL' II1H 111UI1 IVt'lt! II-KKIVOU
the stnto departmoitt In .Waslitflftffl
A reqnest for nn flivostH'fltioti wai
made to President 'Dint who ieadly
granted It and a special represents
tlve of the state depaftuient went tn
Mexico to look up the fncts.
Facing he unveiling ot groin neg'l
gence in office lu oohtioctton wttli
previous coinmunlciitfniis ami de-
mands on the snmtf tt1iet the Amer-
ican consul In San Luto S. K cross
who. It Is said had otTofrod to free the
prisoners for a bribe of tl.fiOt). cot.
mltted suicide before thu Investigation
was wv begun
Investigation Vindicated Them.
S uver and Speed litlit been found
guilty on the theory tnftt the peon was
slain by lanterns which Uiev carried
and with which thoy l)ent the Mexi
can to ileatu. DlgglilK.lip the long
burled skull it waa proved that the
blows wliluh caused ddflHi were not
Inflicted by lanterns out by one of
the stools in the rentauritt.
When Stuver went lhOt a Mexican
dungeon ho was six fOBt tall weighed
IDS pounds and his ndlr was Jet blac.
When ho came out ho wiib stooped two
Indies weighed 1st pounds and hts
hair was gray. Ho Is SO years oil
hut IiIb prison experience has made
him nppenr much olden
Good For Everybody.
Mr. Norman H. Coulter ti prominent
architect. In tho Delbort Building Snit
Kmnclsco says: "I tully endorse all
that has neon said of Ktoctrlc Blllors
as n tonic 'medicine. It Is good Tor ev-
erybody. It corrects stomach liver
nnd kidney disorders In a prompt and
olflelont manner and Ntllds up tho
system." lSlectrlc Hitters nro the best
spring modlclno evor sold over a drug-
ylst's counter; as u blppd purlller It
Is unotiunlod. BUc. at c It. Ilenfro's
FOUR MEN KILLED
. IN POWDER
(Bv Associated Proas.)
LlnUn Indlamii Marolt 17. Four
men were killed olid tram fifteen to
twenty seriously Injured this morning
In an explosion nt tho Untied States
Powder mill nar hero. The explo-
sion ocourral In one of wirerl houses.
All men killed nnd injured wero In
IF YOU KNEW
Tho merits of thq Texan .wonder yoin
would never suffer from lttdney. blad-
der or rheumatic trouW$. $1 bottle
lw ' ths treatment alljH by Drug
gist. by mall. Sand fat teatnmonj-
als Dr. IB. W. Halt 830 IcAlyo htreet.
St. Imls. w
All porsons owing nceouuto to The
Pnlr Dry Goods Co. must settle at
once to save costs. Call at tho Store
W. A. IIBISVBS.
Attention 0. A. R.
Hartrauft Post No. 3 and all other
union soldiers also Spanish war voter
mis are cordially Invited to nu-et at
Knights or Columbus hall nt t o'clock
Sunday afternoon to proceed In n body
to teh residence of our comrade (.'apt.
Silas 18. Seely 114 ISast Noble avenue
for tho funeral service Mine being in
charge of tho O. A. It.
Uy command of
J. W SLADUL
Kodol Is todny the host known reme-
dy for all dlsurdur of the stomncli
such as dyspepsia heart burn sonr
stomach and bolondiK of bub. Sold
hero by C. U. HISNKItO.
EVANS WILL RELINQUISH
COMMANND OF FLEET.
(By Associated Press.)
Snn DIoko Calif. Jlaroh 17. Bear
Admiral Hvnna coramamUr ot tho At-
lantic fleet today announced that upon
uie arrival of tlio fleet ut San Khun Is-
co lie would retire from command on
aoeour.t ul ill Vnlth.
The Lucky Quarter
Is the one you pay out for n box of
Dr. IClng'a New Lite Pills They hrlim
you the health tliat's more precious
than Jewels. Try them for headache
biliousness constipation ami malaria
If they disappoint you the price will
he cheerfully refunded at C. It. Ilen-
fro's drug store.
LSGISLATURE MUST PR8SCRIDE
Methods Under Which School Lands
Shalt be Managed.
Attorney General Cha ; I. Wast in
a letter to thivcruoi ' n. linsKen
nretildent of the school laud .hoard.
relative to slate school lands says-
"The school (and department has no
authority to undertake iu dispose of
nidiMKe s'll or rent tli- lauds or the
funds or proceeds thre(ioit. until the
IfKislature mIioiiUI piosci iU- a method
til which the same lnnil.l be dom-
except onlv as to emeinm'v mgUfrs.
That such Miiporary Iisimh1 bt land
or the funds .should be made as would
preserve the landn and fuuds uutii
ttUch a time as the let(Nlatur should
prescribe rule and reKuuttlon for Uie
disposal thereof Tlitt i-lslature eAn-
not uud r teh aulse of makiuc a rnl
or roguhulun make a Hpeclflc appli-
cation or dlspos of au of the lands
or tbr proceeds; but .ij Ioiik a they
Will equitably or fairly muk- u senerel
application or general disposition pro-
viding a rule that is a noiuiul syateia
or niethikl for teh i-miiiitiAKtottens ot
the stato chool laui Itpaitmeut to
follow their autlioiin m uh mattsr
Is absolute and not t i' iiifstknod."
The imvlng of liiht Harrison ttVjO
nue Is now on in full Ma.i 'ontm-
tors Mrivddr auu Ullili.K !. aro
pletiilg tljo Olwajatul avenue rtmlr;
ore doing the work.
The Leader Plant
$ New Stye of Letter Head. Send to the Leader Office- .
H for Styles Sampcs Prices Etc. g
f Business Office Phone 75 g
f mw:$fiW&':7S! Wvsff 'r? WSIMKf WMlt W&V&V8W tt V!WSWWWBt
t a ..A
Qpthrlr Roy Designs Emblem
i'red Scothorli son of Mr. aid i'..i
Jphn Scot horn of this city who I;!
connected with n large nrt concern In
Denver has made the design which
lina boen accepted ns the official am
blom of tho nilis ut tho orunrlcnl
meeting to be hold nt Dallas. Txas
Kennedy's Inxatlve Cough Syrup nets
gently yet promptly on tho bowels and
allay lnlhimutton nt the samo time.
It Is plensnut to tnko. Sold by C. H.
f mmnimimMititmmmmmmtiMmmtM si 1 1 in fSitiiwummsiiiii siiiWS1i'Kiiismmiwss WHSiihiimuhi iSiliiiMiiiMm mmi n nimwwO JB
LksftslsfesUsf ikBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBsflHPISBBBMA' JMsKSJl i .KSLJBM' AA uJlSEBK'X J
I gflsMMssm jjT?jiflPttTPBJ r H
J HsPBflkBA' ' JvHubsssssbssbBIbRsbV H M"tk !lx 9
1 Lti .11 IT Hsf teiJ I
Competitors cannot point out to
unptedjudiccd people a single
defect in tone workman-
ship ot material
send away for your
use Rubber Stamps
velopes. Cards Etc.
Wnt'-Curn out your Job work quickly arid at reasonable
prices. Briefs MADE IN ONE DAY'S f JME. Blank
Books of all kinds in stock and made to order. Best
Equipped Bindery in the Southwest.
& e& e
HOME MADE BREAD
GOLD MEDAL FLOUR.
Tho Annex 11 Work Pants won't rip.
A nr.w del In work pants: they fit.
J. I). Burke will sell 10 lots In
north half of hick 20 Boat Outhrle.
'I hl Is tc residence location In city.
I 1 l IXSl 1
I I r I il J
O 0 &
There Is for rent a farm of 1C(J Heron
with good onlurd In boarltig with
fruits and beirlos of all kinds thorn
Is so acres under cultivation fair wet
of Improvements running Avfitor with
excellent spiings and pond ue&r tlio
burn; grain rent.
Another well Improved farm 124
acres under cultivation good hdu$a
nicely painted good bnrn Kranarlen
hen houw. hog loin etc wit lia 2G-
acre pasture having living water: this
Is for. rent also: grain rent.
TUlfl UAPPNBY COMPANY.
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The Guthrie Daily Leader. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 30, No. 107, Ed. 1, Tuesday, March 17, 1908, newspaper, March 17, 1908; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc76998/m1/3/: accessed March 1, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.