The Guthrie Daily Leader. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 10, No. 149, Ed. 1, Tuesday, November 23, 1897 Page: 1 of 4
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Official Organ of Oklahoma Democracy Offices of Publication Harrison Avonuo
GUTHRIE OKLAHOMA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 2il 1897.
I THE EAGLE DBUG STOEE j
Everything In Our Line and at Lowest Prices.
Harrlflon Avo. EDWARD NICHOLS Prop.
MONEY TO LOAN
I allow partial payments or payment of entire mortgage at any time aftor
one year with rebate of Interest from date of same llavo many other advan-
tagcB besides low rato of Interest which will bo beneficial to you. It will pay
you to call and boo me. Low rates on loans In connection with Life Insurance
J. STUART WIKAY
105 SOUTH FIRST ST. - GUTHUIK 0. T.
J. W. MoNfiAL Pkksidknt
GUTHRIE NATIONAL BANK.
Hoard of Directors In addition to Rank Officers:
Jamei titration Horace Speed Robert Martin J. It Uoltlngham
W. J HORSFALL. Caahlor.
The World for You; also tlie United States. We liave arranged with Rand
McNally & Co. the famous map publishers for the exclusive newspaper con-
trol In this territory of their magnificent :::::::
New Reversible Map of the United States and World.
1898 Edition. Scale: 15 miles to 1 inch. GGx4G inches in size. "Eleven beautiful
colors. The largest one-sheet map published anywhere. No home or business house
should be without it.
It Has Been Pronounced a Photograph of the World.
. One side shows a grand map of our great country with counties railroads towns
rivers etc. correctly located. The other side shows an equally good map of the world;
statistics on the population cities capitals rivers mountains products business etc.-
a veritable photograph of what you want to know.
IT SHOULD HE IN EVERY HOME. Equally valuable to adults and school chil-
- dren. Information derit ed during leisure hours will have more lasting effeet than forced
study at school. During the past year we have had interesting news from Alaska (the
map shows all latest features) Armenia India Japan China Greece Turkey etc.
Sooner or later every part of the map will teach you something. It has just been
REVISED to show all new railroads etc up to date. Each side is sold by the publishers
at $5 when mounted on cloth but we have secured a special edition printed on extra
heavy map paper with sticks ready to hang and are thus enabled to make the following
For $1.50 we will supply it and one year's subscription to The Oklahoma Leader or
for $5.50 cash we will give the map and one year's subscription to the Guthiie Daily
Leader; or we will send it by prepaid express to any address in the territory on receipt
of $1.00. Secure one at once. You should have it in your office and home.
A. J. SEAY VlCK VfiKSIDKNT.
They Fear Outsldors Will He Ap
pointed on tho Territorial Heuch.
The Leader Ilureau
nth anil p.iuN W.
Wabuinoton Nov. 22 Tho recent
appointment of an Indiana man en the
bench of Now Mexico haB caused
another ilutter among Oklahoman's in
this city. They are as nervous over the
prospects of outsiders being appointed
ou tho bench of tho territory ad Sena-
tor llanna is over tho prospect of Sen-
ator Foraker and his following oppos-
ing his ro-oloctlon to tho senate. An 1
there is method in their madness In-
fluential and powerful men aro al-
ready at work trying to sccuro these
placets for their constituents. Presi-
dent McKinlcy Is not tho possessor of
so indomltablo a will as was his prede-
cessor. A litllo urging from one of
his Intlmato frlct) Is goos a long way
and tho situation at present Is further
complicated by reason of this fact.
Tho nomination of Judgo Strang has
boon rocommendod by tho atlorney-
poncral has bcon received at tho
Whlto llouso acd will probablr be
raado public In a few days. It may be
held up until congress convenes but
this Is not tho Intontion of the presi-
dent at tho present ttmo.
A delegation representing tho Choc-
taw and Chickasaw Indians is in
Washington and will sot up bead-
quarters hero for tho purpoao of direct-
ing cot tain legislation if possible. Tho
delegation have been sent hore bv the
tribes to oppose me provisions oi tno
law which will go Into effect January
1 noxt. This law places the tribal
relations of tho Indians under the
control of tho federal judiciary and
rcqutrcs that legislation enacted by
tho Flvo civilized tribes bo approved
by tho presldont of tho United Statos.
Tho aim of tho law was to astlst tho
work of the Dawes commission Thoso
delegates will appear boforo tho com-
mittee of tho two houses and endeavor
to sccuro tho exemption of their tribes
from tho ciToct of tho now law.
Pawneo Demo:rat: Robort Ronl
IMdor a Pawnee Indian committed
sulcldo last Saturday by shooting hi n-
solf. II a has been sick with consump
tton and becoming discouraged ho
ended his llfo IIo told his wife it was
tinio to got dinner and alio went to
proparo tho meal leaving him in n
tent. In a short time ho called good
byo to hor and immediately discharged
tho weapon and wh dead when (.ho
got to him. Tho Pawneo tribe has
broken tho record for suicides among
Indians as It Is a raro occuronco
among red man.
MORE TROOPS FOR ALASKA
I'rgps tho Itevlvnl of Mia llnnk of l.toitten-
nut (lenrritl Ak for Tiro Addition-
nl Artillery ItouliiiouH for Mnre
Unlet lit Went l'olnt nml
far nh Increnso In tho
WitaniifnTON' Nov. 82. In his first
annual report Secretary Alger mnkos
many recommendations for tho better-
ment of tho administration of tho wnr
department bnsod upon the conclu-
sions of his subordinate olllcers. IIo
asks fnvornblo consideration for tho
proposition to ndd two regiment to
the artillery brunch pointing to tho
vnlunble forUflctitlous now being
eroded which he says should not be
miiuued by n corporal guard.
IIo says of Alaska that ns many ns
1(H). 000 people will bo gathered thoro
net year nnd a military foreo should
be sent to tho territory and Inrgo
emergency powers should bo grunted
to tho president to ropross lawless-
ness. Probably tho creation of addi
tional military reservations llko that
of St Mlehaol's may bo tho host
menus to meet tho problem. A boat
for the patrol of tho Yukon is also
united for ns wellns inoruascd pay for
the enlisted mon serving in Alaska
.Secrotsry Alger recommends tho
revival of the grudoof lioutonnnt gon-
oral saying that nil tho great nations
give their o Ulcers much hlglior rank
than does the United States.
He indorses the recommendation of
the superintendent of tho military
academy Hint the number of students
at West Point be increased by allow-
ing each senator to noiultiuto a cadet.
As an alternative ho suggests that
tho presldont lie authorized to ap-
point ten cadols at la rye ouch year.
Favorable comment is made upon
the work of the military colleges of
the country but it Is suggested that
tho law lie amended so ns to authorize
detail of army ofllcers only to such
college ns have nt least 1.10 pupils nc-
I tu. illy present.
Attention is called to tho need of a
proper system of criminal jurisdiction
over military reservations and a hall
of records for the storngo of otllalnl
papers. The estimate for army trans-
portation Is increased by 3100000 to
provide menus for moving heavy ord-
nance. To provide for tho now posts
needed on the sea coast an estimate of
3000000 is submitted.
I'ntil recently the hospital at Hot
Springs was open only to soldiers of
tue regular army but Secretary Alger
has just amended the regulations so
as to authorise the admission of suit-
able cases among the veterans of the
In the opinion of tho secretary an
increase in the engineer corps in olll-
cers and enlisted men is Itidtaponsublo.
He points to the Immediate value and
extent of the work now In tho hands
of this corps and contends that It
could be bettor supervised and im
proved In ijunntlty nnd quality by tho
assignment of mora oflloors which Is
Secretary Alger transmit without
reduction tho estlmalo of tho ohlof
engineers for tho the next fiscal your
amounting to $13738100 moro than
double the appropriations for tho cur-
rent year. He says thoso uro lnrgoly
in excess of what tlioy should ho at a
time when tho demands upon tho
treasury are at great us now; there
fore he recommends a large reduc-
tion. Secretary A Igor especially com.
mend for patriotism generosity and
zeal. Colonel lluulngton and Captain
Crazier the inventors of Uio disap-
pearing gun carriages who generous-
ly donated the invention to the gov-
ernment O The report close with the renownl
of the recommendation that provis-
ion lie made for the erection In Wash-
ington of a statue to General Grant.
The estimates for Uie next fiscal
year aggregate 06358 Its. as against
0383:! 417 the amount of Misappro-
priations for the current year. The
principal Items of Inerousa aro tho
river and harbors wiiere thu estimate
tsSI87S.I00 as against the appropri-
ation of $-M2780?8; fortifications and
sea coast defenses $lJ37t)51 1 a-.
against $V5I7141. and military posts
park and cemeteries 84 3(049
Serloui Trnublo In I'rtupoot.
IIorfliiTow Mleh. Nov. tl. There
i every prubpeet of serious trouble at
the Atlantic mine. Superintendent
Stanton will not aoeade to any de-
mands made by the striker. Italians
are on tho ground to take tho place
of the strikers but the Plnns huvo
warned the Italians that they will bo
killed If they ultemitt to enter the
UuMuuhuetU JurUt DemL
Wohckstck Mis Nov. & Judge
Thomas f.c-v'Ht Nolaon of tho United
States district court for the district ot
Massachusetts died ut 11:94) o'clock
yesterday morning at hU homo In this
oily after u long lllnaet aged 70
IKctuic Her (.over Left Her.
Mbka Ark. Nov. St Miss Sadie
Rice committed suleido hore tO'day by
taking stryolinluo. The causa was
that her lover had forsaken her. She
was 18 yoars of ago and a well re
spcted young ajjr.
GREAT MININU SCHEME.
Canadian l'arltlo Director! and Other
Capitalist form a lite Company.
New Yoiik Nov. 82. Sovoral of tho
loading directors of tho Canndlnn Pa-
cific railway who nre backed by un-
limited capital and havo tho promise
of liberal rights from the Canadian gov-
ernment havo organized an ox ton si vo
mining company. Thoy will conduot
mining oporatlon. arid various trans
portntiou and trading ontorprtsos on n
vast scale In llrlttsh Columbia partic-
ularly In tho newly dovolnpcd sections
of Alaska. It Is not unlikely that they
will opon up socttons of tho groat
It Isdcflultoly known tint Presldont
Van Home Lord Mount Stophon and
othor Inlluontlal directors of tho com
pany who aro also Interested in tele-
graph matters will toko u leading
part in tho now projects nnd besides
tho Krigllsh onpltal It Is reported that
John XV. Mnekay and tho Ilothsohllds
NO MORE INDIAN TROOPS.
Tho Wnr Depnrtmeut 4llto ti till)
Hohemo to liiirn lted Men IlcRtllnra.
Washington. Nov. 22. The govern-
ment has decided to mako no further
experiments with Indians as soldiers.
Tho young Sioux havo till boon dis-
charged. The original scheme was to
recruit eight troops of ravnlry nnd
nineteen companies of Infantry from
tho Indian tribes of tho west to form
mi Indian contingent us part of tho
regular establishment of tho nrmy.
The first enlistments wero miido in
March ISP and the total number of
Indians enlisted nnd re-onllsted since
that time was 1070. Tho ofllcers of
the army who wore assigned to com-
mand tho Indian troops made every
elTort to bring tho Indians to obey
military discipline but tho plan was a
failure and it was found prnetlcnlly
impossible to malic them good soldiers.
Hereafter Indians will bo used only ns
Tin) rather Foil ml With III Throat Cat
lint Uimlila to Kipliilu tho Crimen.
Oc-onomowoc Wis. Nov. 'it. Wllllo
and I.lllio Cornell aged il and 4 re-
spectively children of Krnest Cornell
were found dead in their bed nt fl
o'clock this morning while Cornell's
throat was cut from oar to ear but ho
was still living. Cornell was nblo to
talk but hiild ho did not know
whether he committed tho murder or
not. John Lewis a boarder tit Cor-
nell's who had bcon drinking with
t'ordoll has boon ttrrosten
Alter Ioitaiii Dnllml
Wkhsi bii Iowa Nov. 3. CltUons of
dishing held a meeting yesterday to
dUctiss tho wife murder of Inst
Saturday and after deciding that
Colonel Korman was responsible
for the husband's jealousy declared
that they would tnr and feather and
ride lilir. on a rail out of town If ho
did not leave nt onoo. Korman gavo
himself Into the hands of tho marshal
who has tiuputlzod fifty moil to pro-
tect hiia Korman rofusos to leave
ami Won Me Is looked for.
IMS Muulet In l'olltlca.
Irftnojr Nov. S. Tho dog muzalo
Is admittedly playing nn Important
part in tho polities of Groat ilrltaln
tho discontent of dog owners at the
rigorous muzzling ordors which now
have been two years in force having
raised the mu..lu to tho dignity of a
trrnvo political citiostlon. Thoro Is
abundant evidence that. It Influenced
the recant byo-olectlous and that it Is
generally disturbing tho peace of tho
A Dnfnulter ilvi Up.
Chicago Nov. S3. A man claiming
to ho Charles 15. Mcuttor city clerk of
Ourungo Col who snys ho Is wantod
there for embezzling 850C of tho city's
funds on lured tho Harrison struct
police station last night and surrou
lereil to Inspector HartuotU He says
he left Durango October 4 and wont
to Deliver. He came to Chlango about
a month ago and had been living at
1730 Calumet avenue.
rrotihlila Murder for n l'lttnnee.
Pi.aitshouth Nob. Nov. S'4. I.or-
nz Curtis ngod 10 living near Kin-
osha was found yesterday afternoon
uonr the highway unconscious with a
ievere wound on tho buck of his hond.
He left town with 4) which whs miss-
ing. There Is no hope of his recovery.
Two siisplolnus looking stranger
are thought to have nseuulted him to
secure tho money. No trace of them
ha yet been found.
Dlptherla In I.nnil lnoll.
I.MIIAHAIOMH Illll. Nov. HI City
Hunlturian Clark has just concluded
an Inquiry into the alarming iuerouse
of dipl.horia umonir nubile sehool
pupils since tho opening of the fall
sessions and announees that the dis-
ease has spread In the distribution of
lead pencils and penholders.
A Seneca Killtor Too Aeerenlie
Hiawatha Kan. Nov. Ix Tho
abuse of Republican oatidtdatea for of
fice by the Seneca Courlur-Demoerat
so provoked Uouuty Clerk llartman
that he awuultod the editor Char lea
II. Harold. P. W. Jacobs another
candidate has sued the paper for
Train Wrecker In Nnw York.
Midik.ktow.v N. Y. Nov. fiA
westbound freight train on the Krle
railroad was derailed by train wreck-
ers nt Sloatsburg early to-day. The
engine and two oars svere derailed
but no ono was hurt. Attempts were
made last Sunday at tho same place to
wroek an express and freight train.
A a Old Kap I'bjrilelaa Dead.
Hiawatha Kan. Nov. . Dr. 13.
W. lilies for thirty years a practicing
physician and surgeon of Northeast-
ern Kaunas dlod this morning at 8
FATAL FIRES AT TOPEKA
AND BETHANY MO
MOTHER AND CHILD PERISH
KmtitAToreit to Suva Her nml lloth Loit
Their r.le Two Young Sleii I'er
ttlieil In tlio lire. t Itntlmny
ilntli ConllAErnttun Oceureit
Marly In tho .Mornlnjj
ToriiKA ICan. Nov. ii. Mr. M. A.
Trigg u widow and her 10-yeap-old
daughtor Kthel lost their lives In a
fire which destroyed their home In
this city nt 4 o'clock Sunday morning.
Tho mother gave up her life In at-
tempting to rosouo her daughter from
the burning building. Walter Trigg
a son esonpod by Jumping from a second-story
It was Just 4 o'clock when Mrs.
Trigg was awakened by hont and
smoke in hor bedroom. She rushod to
an adjoining room and aroused her
sou. She then went back to gat hor
daughter lly this time hor room was
all iiblne. She mndo a mnd rush
through tho llnmos to tho bed occu-
pied by hor daughter. Just ns sho
reached It she was ovarcomo
with the Intense heat and smoko
mid foil to the floor. The 11 ro
deportment tirrlved about this tlmo
and tho llromen broke Into the room
nnd enrrlod out the bodies ot tho
widow nnd hor duuirhter. A physician
wns summoned but when he reached
tho sceno both werodend. The daugh-
ter's doath was due to sittTooallou.
Mrs. Trigg's face and body were
burned to a crisp
IIi'.iiiany Mo. Nov. 83. Tho most
disastrous Uro in the history of tho
city occurred early Sunday morning
when Illaoicburn Hros.' llvory Imrn
nnd tho blacksmith and wood shop bo-
longing to Ilrudloy & Green wero to-
tally destroyed and two young men
were burned to death Tho llrst ulnrin
was given by a party of serenader at
I o'clock and within flvo minutes tho
II linos In both buildings were beyond
control. Tho volunteer lire com-
pany mndo n prompt response
hut tho fire had gained such head-
way that tho company turned its
attention to othor buildings which
wero In danger. Tho flames woro
fanned by a strong north wind and It
was with dillloulty that the resldonues
nnd business buildings in tho imme-
diate vicinity wore saved.
Jumes Parker and Klmer Pruit who
slept in tho second story of the barn
wero burned to death and their bodies
wero diseovored only after the flto
had been almost extinguished. High-
teen horses ail the harness buggies
feed etc belonging to Itlaukhliru
Hrd. tho shop and tooU of llradley
.v iireen nun i. p. toriieiisou are a
total loss. Nona of the parties had
one conl of Insurance.
FOUR KILLED IN A FIGHT.
tliiilEiini iniil I'Uloli Stum l'nt nn Itnit
to nn Old linlljr (Quarrel.
Mamikvii.i.k Ii. Nov. 2? News
has just been received hore of n des-
perate fight ut Hayou I.peombe oloven
miles east of hore betwntjn Arthur
and Kdwurd Jolle on one side and
Lawrence nnd Kdward Cousin on tho
the other which rosullsd In the kill-
ing of nil the parties concerned. Shot-
gmiK and pistols were the weapons
used. Tho cause of the dlfilcultr is
attributed to an old family feud.
NO TRACE OF ANDREE.rj
NorwcEUn Steamer Iteturiu Alter u
Thousok. Tromsoe lslaod. Norwav.
Nov. U2. The steamer Victoria which
was lilted out by the Governor of
Troinsoe. to search for Profeaanr An-
dree the mlseing aeronaut uud his
party and which left here on Novem-
ber A. has returned from Hnitzuarirau.
Hhe brings no news as to the where-
.inoui or movements ot 1'roiessor An-
dree although exploring parlies
landed ten tluws at various uolete in
.Murder at a WtxIilliiK I'e.tt.
Nkw Yobk Nov. Hi. A murder
broke up the wedding feast at the
marriage of Isaac GoldsU-in to Katie
Gordon last night in the Hat of Vutta
Gordon In a teuemeul house ou Henry
street Charles Shapiro appeartnl at
the festivities armed with a revolver
.shot Louis Liebertuan in the abdomen
iu Hiding a wound from which Lieber-
iiiin died shortly afterward. Kchaplro
whs arrested. Mia (iordon told the
Mllee that she had refused to marry
Hhapiro because he wauted her to
work aftei the marriage.
Itartliquaka In Callfornl.1.
ItAKIMHUMO CaL. Nov. St. -Two
very dlstlnet shocks of earthiuaUe
were felt Itee yesterday liulldms
shook pereeptlbly but uo damage was
llerl-llerl In .Matausai .1411.
IlAYAKA Nov. 37 b.ut M-venty
of the reuent Inmates ut the Muluntaa
jail have been stricken with itiial is
supposed to be beri-berL Captain
Ueuerul Illaneo has called for a nubile
uberptlou on behalf ut Hie alllleteil
persons and has himself subscribed
Illi; Lumber lloom llreak Louie.
Ponrl.AM Ore . Nov at A boom
oontaltilng 4OQ9Ouo feet ot logs and
l.VM) cords of shingle bolts broke iooso
at the mouth ot the Cewiltz rivtr dur
lug the high water
Koyil make the food pure
wboltiome and dttlclou.
Knu MMsa toooin oo. Nlw youk
Mrp. 13. liurton is In Oklahoma City.
II. II. Thurston was In Perry yester-
day. It Holleubock from Klldaro is In
K. 18. Park oamo In from Stillwater
0. M. Htlsworth Is up from Okla-
Judgo Iluokncr Is back from Paw-
Judgo 18. II. Mont was down from
Illshop Ilrooko was In Oklahoma
Mrs. W. D. Fosseti of KlngUshcr is
vlsttlng In tho city.
Kx-Oovoruor Koufrow has rolurncd
from Oklahoma Oily.
1). J. Donahoe. from Ponca City Is
stopping at tho Royal
W. W. Ashcr. of Oklahoma City
(pent Sunday In tho city.
Slionff McGrath of Woods county
was In tho city yesterday.
J. W. Wilton of Oklahoma City la
hero on telephone business.
Adan 18. Patlorson from Oklahoma
Olty Is registered at tho Okla.
HhorlfT Gebko took tho air lino for
Chandler yesterday morning.
K. Htcol of Carson City Nov Is
visiting rolatlvcs in tho city
Kjbt. Jamison and wife from Ponca
City aro guests at tho Capitol.
Marshal Thompson eamo in on tho
afternoon train from tho north
Miss Irrno Turner lias roturnetl
fi'om a visit to relatives at Eduond
Mrs. Wlllard Stapleton and Mrs. J.
8. Lyons aro visiting In Fort Worth.
Charloy Grifllth tho good-looking
druggist from Lexington returned
Cspt. C. A. Morris n Republican
whvel-horso from Perrf was hero yes-
terday looking after political fences
J. 0. Clark ot this city is represent-
ing tho Northwestern Llfj Insurance
company at Pawneo this week.
Kdwln Adams poneral travoltng ami
passenger agont of tho Choctaw was
in the city yotitcrday on his war to
Register Davis of tho Porry land
ofllee has tondored his resignation to
tako effect December 1 and candidates
for that ofUco are unusually active
Ju.it at presont
Mrs. M. Holt and daughter Misu
Daisy mother and sister of J. E. Holt
clerk In tho school laud department
will arrlvo In a fow days from Indiana
to resldo In this city.
TO SUE UllUKU COUNTY.
Win. Cameron of Waco Texas Wants
Vour Lasguoa of Land.
Tho attoruoy-general at Austin
'1'flXR.R- la nnw nrfinnrlntr fn Innltlnln
suit under a recent act of tho Texaa
legislature to recover lour loaguos 01
laud from Oruor county This land
was srautod to that Lniintv liv thn
state when It was believed that it was
a portion of Texas. Two leagues of
this land were sold by Greer county to
Wm Cameron of Waeo boforo the da-eh-Ion
of the supremo court which
when rendered declared that Oreor
county did not belong to Toxas
(HHtu I'a Murderer flu I'ree.
bant A F N M.. Nov. 42 In the
District court in Uio Arriba county la
the ease ut Kpifaino Jarumillo San-
doval and P Halazar for the murder of
Pablo Garcia the Jury brought in a
verdict of not iullty. Then Judgo
Laueblni sunl t the jury- 'Gentle-
iiiioii: I find it 1 .ut 1 rely useless tu
M C.-.C . UlO Clliu-t IU this L-OIIUtV It
Mi'ins that murder 1 justified hero.
in all bedivbai'i- lpermaueutly
ami t'" bume '
A Dead Menutor Honored
Mfii-ms Tt-uu Nu. t'l. Theme
nioriii! ixur-iei in '.imnieinorutloii of
the- hf- and aervii'u- "f the lute Keuu-
t.ir i ii Hill (i Hums twk- poslpuued
mi uo'.uutuf elliA fever were lmltl
I11-.1 11 ht ut the Auditorium. Many
il -.t .!(.' nlnhtid men were prenent 'Xlio
lur'i' i.aildlng winch has a seating-
c.ipMi a 11 of ii.'roo. wu- paekedand hun-
di 1I1 f people wert- turned away
'la llrlm; tht Hultan to Time.
K'jb Nov '.' It is asserted on the
beat authority that the powers aro
discussing tho .illegibility of a naval
demonatratiuu m the Dardanelles or a
blockade of ( ou-.ianiiHople if the sul-
tan does nut ii-l t t' the demands of
the power with respeet tu autonomy
lor the island 01 ireie ami especially
In the matter of withdrawing tho
TU CU1IK A COLD IN UNB DAY
Take Laxative llromo Qulnloe Tabletr'
All druggists refund the money if It
falls to cure. zso. Tho genuine ha
L. U. U on each tablet.
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Niblack, Leslie G. The Guthrie Daily Leader. (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 10, No. 149, Ed. 1, Tuesday, November 23, 1897, newspaper, November 23, 1897; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc74088/m1/1/: accessed December 2, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.