The Oklahoma Miner (Krebs, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 26, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 12, 1920 Page: 1 of 8
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JUU MKlULUASLflllL IfilAllJll.
ONLY PAPER in the CITY of more th an 3.500. Poples an 1 has the btgost drculalLn of any and all other papers in the City combine!.
KREBS. OKLAHOMA THURSDAY August 12th. 1920.
l"88 MSr W IsV V VP"C WTs.
t 1 .E l OAi
IllJAMES m W
OF GOX SPEECH
Democratic Candidate Would
Enter League Immediately
. Ratify Treaty and Slate In-
terpretation of Covenant.
SAYS "BACK TO THE
i NORMAL" MEANS REACTION
Failure to Enforce Prohibition I
Worse Than Law's Violation De-
clares Present Congress Has Not
Passed a Single Constructive Law
but Has Spent Time and Millions In
I Seeking to Make America's Military
Triumph an Odious Chapter In His-
I tory Favors Repeal of War Taxes
I Criminal Prosecution of Profiteers
More Adequate Supervision of Rail-
roads a National Budget System
and Woman Suffrage.
Day ton O. Aug. 7. In his speech of
acceptance today Governor James1 M.
Ox addressing a great crowd said in
"Wo are In o time which calls for
straight thinking straight talking and
straight acting. This Is no time for
wobbling. Never In all our history has
more been done for government. Nev-
er was sa orifice mom sublime. TIio
most precious things of heart and home
were given up In a spirit which guar-
antees the perpetuity of our Institu-
tions If the faith Is kept with thoso
who served and Buffeted.
"The country received with Interest
to say the least the announcement
from Chicago whero tho Republican
national convention was assembled
that a platform plank dealing with tho
subject of world peace had been
drawn leaving out the Lodge reserva-
tions and yet remaining agreeable to
all Interests meaning thereby the
Lodge reservntlonlsts the mild reser-
vntlonlsts and the group of Republican
senators that openly opposed the
League of Nations In any form.
"As the platform made no definite
committal of policy and was In fact
so artfully phrased as to make almost
any deduction possible It passed
through the convention with practical
unanimity. Senator Johnson however
whose position lias been consistent and
whose opposition to the league In any
shape Is .well known withheld his sup-
port of the convention's choice until
the caudldate had stated the meaning
of the platform and announced defi-
nitely the policy that would bo his If
"Senator ITnrdlng makes this now
pledge of policy in behalf of his party :
" 'I promise you formal and effective
pence so quickly ns a Republican con-
gross enn pass Us declaration for a
Republican executive to sign.'
"This means but one thing asepa
rate peace with Germany I
"No less an authority than Senator
Lodge 'said before the heat of recent
controversy that to make peace ex-
cept in company with tho Alllos would
'brand us everlastingly with dishonor
uud bring ruin to us.'
"And then .ifior peace Is made with
Got" ai.v Si iiai. r Harding would ho
says 'hopefully approach the nation1?
of Europe and of the earth proposing j
tlmt understanding which tunkes us a !
billing participant In the consecration
of nations to a now relationship.'
"In short America refusing to enter !
the League of Nations (now already
established by twenty-trine nations)
and bearing and deserving the con
tempt of the world would submit an
entirely now project. This act would
either be rogurded as arrant madness
or attempted International bosjtism.
"These are fateful times. Organized
government has n detlnlte duty ail over
the world. The house of civilization
Is to be put In order. The supreme Is-
sue of tho century Is before us and the
nation that halts and delays Is playing
with lire. The finest Impulses of hu-
manity rising above national linen
merely seek to make another horriblo
war Impossible. Under the old order
of International anarchy war come
oernight ai.d the world was on Are
before we knew it. It sickens our
senses to think of another.
Ratification First Duty.
"The first duty of the new adminis-
tration clearly will be the ratification
of the treaty. The matter should be
approached without thought of the bit-
terness of the past. The public ver-
dict will have been rendered and I am
confident that tho friends of world
peace as it will be promoted by the
league will have in numbers the con-
stitutional requisite to favorable sena-
torial action. The captious may sny
that our pint form reference to reserva-
tions is vague and indefinite. Its mean-
ing In brief Is that we shall state
our Interpretation of the covenant as
a matter of good faith to our asso-
ciates and as a precaution against
any misunderstanding In the future.
The point is that after the people shall
have spoken the league will be In the
hands of Its friends in the senate and
safe index as to wttat they -will do Is
supplied by what reservations they
have proposed in the past. Some
months ago In a contributed article to
the Now York Times I expressed my
owji opinion of the sftuatlou as It then
was. I reproduce It here:
" There can bo no doubt but that
some senators have been conscientious
in their desire to clarify the provisions
of the treaty. Two things apparently
have disturbed them: Tirst they want-
ed to make suro that the league was
not to be an alliance and that its basic
purposp was peace and not controver-
sy. Second they wanted the other
powers signing the Instrument to un-
derstand our constitutional limitations
beyond which the treaty-making pow-
er cannot go. Dealing with these two
questions In order it has always seem-
ed to me that the Interpretation of the
function of the league might have been
stated in these words:
" 'In giving its assent to this treaty
the benate has In mind the fact that
the League of Nations which it em-
bodies was delsed for the sole pur-
pose of maintaining peace and comity
among the nntions of the earth and
preentlng the recurrence of such de-
structive conflicts as that through
which the werld has just passed.
The co-operation of the United States
with the League and its continuance
as a member thereof will naturally de-
pend upon the ndherenco of the
League to that fundamental purpose.'
"Such a declaration would at least
express tho view of the United States
and justify the course which our na-
tion would unquestionably follow If
the basic purpose of the League were i
at any time distorted. It would also '
appear to be a simpler matter to pro-
vblo against any misunderstanding In
the future and at the same time to
meet the objections of those who be-
lieve that we might be Inviting a con-
troversy over our constitutional rights
by making a senatorial addition in
words something like these:
" 'It will of qpurse bo understood
that In carrying out tho purpose of the
League the government of the United
States must at all time act in strict
harmony with the terms and intent of
tho United States Constitution which
cannot In any way bo altered by the
Helpful Additions Not-Barred.
"Unquestioned friends of tho
Leuguo have made other proposals.
Our platform clearly lnys no bar
against any additions that will be help- i
ful but 11 speaks in a firm resolution !
to stand against anything that dls- j
turbs tho ltul principle. Wo hear it
said that interpretations nro unnneces-
sury. That may be true but they will j
nt least bo reassuring to many of owr '
citizens who feel that In signing the
treaty there should be no mental res-
et Nations ili.it are not expressed In
plum noiN as a twisty of i-"ud l.ilih
to our rti- uiiates. Sirch intcrpreta-
tlong possess the further virtue of
supplying a base upon which agree-
ment can be reached and agreement
without injury to the convenant is
now of pressing Importance. It was
the desire to get things started that
prompted some members of the senate
to vote for tha Lodge reservations.
Those who conscientiously voted for
them In the final roll calls realized
however that they acted under duress
In that a politically bigoted minority
was exercising the arbitrary power of
its position to enforce drastic condi-
tions. Happily the voters of the re-
public under our system of govern-
ment can remedy that situation and I
linve the ffejith that they will at the
election this fall. Then organized
government will be enabled to combine
Impulse and facility in the making of
better world conditions. The agencies
of exchange will automatically aIjust
themselves to the opportunities of
commercial freedom. New life and re-
newed hope will take hold of every
nation. Mankind will press n resolute
shoulder to the task of readjustment
and a new em will have daw tied upon
"Federal taxation must be heavily
reduced and It will be done at once
If a Democratic administration Is
chosen In November. Without hamper-
ing essential national administrative
departments by the elimination of all
others and strict economy everywhere
nntlonal taxes can be reduced In ex-
cess of two billion dollars yearly. An-
noying consumption taxes once will-
ingly borne now unjustified should be
repealed. The Incomes from war-made
fortunes those of non-producers and
those derived from industries that exist
by unfair privilege may be nble to
carry theii pres-MK load but taxes on
the earnings of the wage-earner of the
salaried and professional man ef the
agricultural producer and of thermal!
tradesman should be sharply modified.
I believe that a better form of taxation
than the so-called excess profits tox
may be found and I suggest n small
tax probably one to one and one-half
per cent on the total business of every
going concern. It Is to be understood
that the term 'business' as used does
net Include Income received by wage-
earners salaried men agriculturists
and thesmall business man who should
be exempt from this tax. The profiteer
and some of the highly capitalized
units have used the excess profits tax
as a favorite excuse for loading on the
consumer by means of highly Inflated
selling prices many times the amount
actually paid tho government. A
necessary condition to the national
contentment and sound business Is a
Just proportion between fair profits to
business and fair prices to the con-
sumer. Would Halt Profiteering.
"The tribe of profiteers has simply
multiplied under tho favoring circum-
stances of war. For years large con-
tributions have been made to the Re-
publican campaign fund for no pur-
pose except to buy a governmental
underhold and to make illegal profits
ns the result of preference Such
largesses are today a greater mennce
to our contentment and our Institu-
tions than tho countless temporary
profiteers whe are making a mockery
of honest business but who enn live
nnd fatten only In time of disturbed
prices. If I am called to service as
president means will be found If they
do not already exist for compelling
these exceptions to the great mass of
square dealing American business
men to use the same yardstick of
honesty that governs most of us In
our dealings with our fellowmen or
in language that they may understand
to suffer the penalty of criminal law.
"It has been my observation that the
man who learns our language yields
to n controlling public opinion and
respects our laws; besides In propor-
tion as his devotion to American life
develops his interest In the impulsive
processes of revolution diminishes.
We must be patient In the work of us-
sltnllation and studiously avoid oppres-
sive measures In tho face of mere
ovidonco of misunderstanding Tha
necessity for the drastic laws of
war days Is not presont now
nnd we should return at tho
earliest opportunity to the statutory
provisions passed In timo of penco for
the general welfare. There Is no con-
dition now that warrants any Infringe-
ment on the tight of free speeclt and
assembly nor on tha liberty of the
press. 'Hie greatest measure of Jndl-1
Continued n pane 3
COVER CROP EFFORT MADE
Kay County Farm Agent Starts Cam.
paign for Fall Crop.
Ponca City. Efforts to get tho
planting of fall crops on every farm in
Kay county have been made by Clar-
ence S. Merydith county farm agent.
Mnrydlth mentions oats rye wheat
bur clover crimson clover and vetches
sown with oats as good cover crops
tho choice depending upon the Boil
and location. He is requesting the
farmers who would like to make a
choice to confer with him.
"Befote the world war progress had
been made toward getting some kind
of cover crops sown each fall on Ok-
lahoma and other southern farms"
says Merydith In this connection
"County agents and other extension
workers stressed their importance and
each year thousands of demonstra-
tions gave proof of their valuo. Fol-
lowing tho outbreak of the war how-
eer theie was a. decrease in acreage
sown to such crops. This was due to
labor shortage high priced soed un-
settled conditions and particularly to
the stress of food production."
Merydith declares that ?! spent Tor
some winter cover and pasture crop
will bring 510 in return. The 101
ranch people plant winter rye for surh
a cover and pasture crop and in this
way set gree pasture for their stock
during the winter season. This has
become an annual event on the big
ROBBERY fS FRUSTRATED
Morning Battle Staged
Officers and Youths.
Miami. Officers nt Welch say they
know the members of a gang attempt-
ing to rob the bank there and arrosts
sue expected. The attempted robbery
resulted in a revolver battle and chase
of the gang to Big Cabin creek. One
of he bullets fired at one of the rob-
bers broke a front window in the
When the youthful bandits drove up
In an automobile und made lor the
bank the city marshal told the leader
to throw up his hands. The marshal
hal been told that an attempt would
be made to rob the bank. A volley
of shot followed and the robbers ran.
Several citizens appeared with revol-
vers and rifles took another car and
chased the bandit car to the creek a
few miles away. Thero they lost it.
More than fifty shots were flrod
fluting the running fla'ht and tho car
with the robbers in was hit several
times it is believed.
BLIND SCHOOL ENLARGED
Two New Buildings Will
Muskogee. Two new buildings for
the state school for the blind here
will be ready for occupancy by the
time the fall term opens according to
announcement of O. W. Stewart su-
perintendent. The term will open
Mr. Stewart points out that many
chfMien in Oklahoma who are unable
to attend tho public schools becuuse
of partial or total blindness have not
taken advantage of the opportunities
tor an education which are offered by
tho state and asks that anyone know-
ing oltuch children notify the parents
and the school.
Courses offered In the school give
iptciul emphasis to literary study up
to and including high school courses
an extensive mimical department and
the industrial department in which all
students are taught some vocation.
NORMAN DONATES LABOR
Lumber Firms Furnish Lumber For
Norman. Norman carpenters have
offered" to donate a full day's woik to
Norman to construct a free count f.iir
L. A. Stone secretary of local car-
penter's union 1060 met with tho sen-
ior chamber of commerce at a special
luncheon and offered set vices of tho
Three local lumber yards offered to
furnish the city with lumber at actual
cost. Committees now are at work
collecting money to pay for the lum-
ber. The new buildings will he start-
! Cupid Bothered By Red Tape.
Oklahoma City. When an Okla-
homa man prepares to marry n Mass-
achusetts girl his trouble bejiin The
Massachusetts law is chuck lull of
Puritanical regulations anent the mas-
ter. At least H. O. Thurston Y. M.
C. A. secretary Oklahoma Cit. has
found it thus. Thurston lett' hero
armed with an Oklahoma marriaj-o
license to marry Miss Marlon Grant
of Boston Mass. After res Id in c in
the state five days and obtaining a.
Massachusetts license he may many
OSAGE OFFICERS GET RAISE
County Has Increase In Population
I .PawJiuska. Because of Inc : in
population of Osage county smco i'.ilO
salaries of county officers will be r; i--ed.
This advauco will take efft t wit n
the beginning of now terms and m.iKi
n revision ol tho county estimate ne-
cessary before the excise boa id can
fix the tax levy for tho cpming eur.
CITY WILL SELL STREETS
Puroell Finds Low District Better For
Farm Than Public Use.
Purcell. PurceU will sell some of
Its streeta and alleys In the southwc t
part of the city using the money i r
city purposes. Quite a bit ol low land
unsulted for the city can bo us 1 l
agricultural purposes witen shut 3
and alleys are closed it is said.
NEW FARM CLUBS PLANNED
Recently Employed County Agent At
Kingfisher Begins Work.
Kingflfaher. Clyde McFtafcis of
Supply Okla. recently employe! lv
county commissioners here as count v
agent has begun his woik. Vaiions
farm clubs will be organized aiuun -the
boys and girls. Bankers have
agreed to nnanco the movement.
Man Seeks Body of Son Drowned.
I MuBkogee. W. C. Fanner oi o-
tumka offered a reward ot $1- o o
the finder of the body of his -on
Francis Farmer a business colt
student who was drowned in the k-
ansas river at Hyde Park. The ci 1 1
river etnptieB into the Aikan.i-. . i
nol that has caused the dc.ith of
many persons. City authoritu -. n n
considering forbidding batiun. in 'ho
river at this point.
Man May Die From Boiler Explosion.
Ponca City. James Carious cul-
neer in charge of a thieshuiK oi.
was injured probably fatallv w' it
the boiler of the engine eil ' i
while working on the J. T Cn'i -i
farm nine miles south of lin'in
Carlons was burned and tin own vv
sixty feet by the explosion Smpl
Neeley a boy also was injuud hut
is Improving. Carlons home is in c m-
Rda and his parents have hem sum-
moned. 101 Ranch To Beat Leather Prlpe.
Ponca City. Miller Brothers of fho
101 Ranch will try to beat tin Ii -i
cost of leather by having their huh n
tanned instead of selling the hnl Mi
then buying leather at pnii.p;
prices. Joe Miller business m..n i r
of the ranch lias the matter up wi U
various tanning concerns ami expccti
to make the first shipment of hides to
onte such concern In the ne u future.
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The Oklahoma Miner (Krebs, Okla.), Vol. 9, No. 26, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 12, 1920, newspaper, August 12, 1920; Krebs, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc70708/m1/1/: accessed November 14, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.