The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 4, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 1, 1909 Page: 3 of 36
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8 A THE INDIAN ADVOCATE 133
sacred variant of the game was played by the priests for
divinatory purposes or even as a sort of votive ceremony
to procure the recovery of a patient. Target practice with
arrows knives or hatchets thrown from the hand as well
as with the bow or rifle was also universal among the
warriors and boys of the various tribes. The gaming ar-
rows were of special design and ornamentation and the
game itself had often a symbolic purpose. Horse races
frequently intertribal were prominent amusements espe-
cially on the plains during the warm season and foot ra-
ces often elaborately ceremonial in character were com-
mon among the sedentary agricultural tribes particularly
the Pueblos and the Wichita.
Games resembling dice and hunt-the-button were found
everywhere and were played by both sexes alike particu-
larly in the tipi or wigwam during the long winter nights.
The dice or their equivalents were of stone bone fruit
seeds shell wood or reed variously shaped and marked.
They were thrown from the hand or from a small basket
or wooden bowl. One form the awl game confined to
the women was played around a blanket which had vari-
ous tally marks along the border for marking the progres s
of the game. The hunt-the-button games were usually ac-
companied with songs and rythmic movements of the
hands and body intended to confuse the parties whose task
was to guess the location of the button. Investigations by
k Culin show a close correspondence between these Indian
games and those of China Japan and Korea and northern
Special women's games were shinny football and the
deer-foot game besides the awl game already noted. In
football the main object was to keep the ball in the air as
long as possible by kicking it upward. The deer-foot
game was played sometimes also by men with a number
of perforated bones from a deer's foot strung upon a bead-
ed cord having a needle at one end. The purpose was to
toss the bones in such a way as to catch a particular one
upon the end of the needle.
Among the children there were target shooting stilts
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The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart, Okla.), Vol. 21, No. 4, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 1, 1909, newspaper, April 1, 1909; Sacred Heart, Okla.. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69871/m1/3/: accessed January 17, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.