The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 3, Ed. 1, Sunday, March 1, 1908 Page: 4 of 32
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70 - . THE INDIAN ADVOCATE
persion of the Algonkin tribes by the Iroquois in 1650.
Most of the fugitives fled westward roving along the
shores of L. Superior without missionary attention until
visited by the Jesuit Allouez in 1667. Other names con-
nected with this early Algonkin mission were those of Pi-
jaret Garreau and the pioneer explorer Rene Menard. In
1657 the first Sulpicians arrived at Quebec from France
and soon afterwards began work among the neighboring
tribes but with principal attention to the Iroquois colonies
on both shores of L. Ontario at Quinte and Oswegatchie.
To this period belongs the wonderful canoe voyage of dis-
covery by the two Sulpicians Galinee and Dollier de Cas- f
son in 1669 70 from Montreal up through the great lakes
to Mackinaw where they were welcomed by the Jesuits '"
Dablon and Marquette and then home by way of French
r. Nipissing and the Ottawa . No less important was the
discovery of an overland route from the St. Lawrence to
Hudson bay in 1671-72 by the Sieur St: Lawrence Simon
accompanied by the Jesuit Charles Albanel . Ascending
the Saguenay from Tadousac they crossed the divide and
after 10 months of toilsome travel finally reached the bay
near the mouth of Rupert r.. where Albanel the first mis-
sionary to penetrate this remote region; spent some time
preaching and baptizing among the wandering Maskegon
along the shore- In 1720 a number of the christianized
Iroquois with fragments of the Algonkin bands after
years of shifting about were gathered into a new mission
settlement at Oka or Lake of the two Mountains (Lac des
Deux Montagnes) also known under its Iroquois name of
Canasadaga on the north bank of the St. Lawrence above t
the island of Montreal . It sitll exists as one of the prin-
cipal Indian settlements . j.
Among the earlier missionaries in this region who have j
made important contributions to Algonquin philology may
be noted: Father Louis Andre Jesuit who spent more
than forty years with the Montagnais and the Algonkin
from 1669 leaving behind him a manuscript dictionary of
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The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 3, Ed. 1, Sunday, March 1, 1908, newspaper, March 1, 1908; Sacred Heart, Okla.. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69863/m1/4/: accessed December 11, 2017), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.