The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 3, Ed. 1, Sunday, March 1, 1908 Page: 2 of 32
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68 THE INDIAN ADVOCATE
arlp Catfjoltc 3fabtan 0liiw
ANADA being originally a French possession
'the mission work for a .century and a half was
almost entirely with the Catholics. Port Royal
now Annapolis Nova Scotia was founded in
1605 and the resident priesti Father Fleche divided his
attention between the French settlers and the neighboring
Micmac. In 1611 the Jesuits; Fathers Peter Biard and
Enemond Masse arrived from France but finding work
among the Micmac made difficult by the opposition of the
governor they went to the Abnaki: among whom they
established amission on Mt. Desert id- Maine in 1513.
The mission was destroyed in its very beginning by the
English Captain Argall. In 1619 work was resumed
among the Micmac and the Malecite of Nova Scotia New
Brunswick and lower Quebec under the Recollet Francis-
cans and continued for at least half a century . The most
distinguished of these Recollets was Father Chrestien Le
Clercq who while stationed at the Micmac mission of
Gaspe at the mouth of St Lawrence from 1655 to about
1665 mastered the language and devised for it a system
of hieroglyphic writing which is still in use in the tribe.
Another of the same order is said to have been the first to
compile a dictionary of a Canadian language but the work
is now lost. The eastern missions continued under varying
auspices and fortunes until the taking of Louisburg Nova
Scotia by the English in 1745 when all the missionaries
in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were either deported
or compelled to seek other refuge. In their absence the
Abbe Maillard of Nova Scotia ministered for some years
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The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 3, Ed. 1, Sunday, March 1, 1908, newspaper, March 1, 1908; Sacred Heart, Okla.. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69863/m1/2/: accessed October 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.