The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 14, No. 9, Ed. 1, Monday, September 1, 1902 Page: 2 of 32
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The Indian Advocate.
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Their Early History Origin of the Creek
F the aborigines that dwelt east of the Mississippi
flp the Muskogees were the most powerful and the
must aggressive. inuring ine suuggie ueiween
Cortez and Montezuma this people formed a sep-
arate republic on the northwest of Mexico and
lent their aid to the Mexican monarch in the de-
fense of his country against the Spanish invader.
But Cortez being finally successful and the
Muskogees being unwilling to submit to Spanish
tyranny they determined to move eastward and
and form a new government. Accordingly the whole tribe
took up the line of march in the year 1520 and after a jour-
ney of six months came to Red river where they settled for
a time game and fish being very plentiful. Here they first
met with the Alabamas also supposed to be a wandering
tribe from the West. A large body of the latter attacked
and killed several of a Muskogee hunting party and this in-
cident led to the pursuit and final conquest of the Alabamas
by the warlike emigrants. Some months later while travel-
ing northwest they struck the trail of the Alabamas in a
grove on the Missouri River. Pickett in his history of Ala-
bama states that the great stream was crossed by the Mus-
kogees in the order of their standing or grade the more
aristocratic moving first. The Wind family therefore took
the precedence followed by the Bear Tiger and thus down
to the humblest of the clans. The army was led by the
Tustennuggee or war chief. The Alabamas were overtaken
and being totally defeated fled with precipitation to the
Mississippi where they were again attacked by the victorious
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The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart Mission, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 14, No. 9, Ed. 1, Monday, September 1, 1902, newspaper, September 1, 1902; Sacred Heart, Okla.. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69803/m1/2/: accessed January 29, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.