Farmers' Champion (Elgin, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 31, Ed. 1, Wednesday, May 12, 1915 Page: 3 of 4
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ELGIN. OKLA FARMERS CHAMPION
RAPE EXCELLENT FOR
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Devon Cow In a Tick-Free
Prepared by the United States Deport-
ment u( Agriculture.)
Dccnuso It Is a useful crop for both
tils stock and his own family tho
farmer will find that It will pay him
to glvo more attention to rapu than It
usually receives. As human food
when It Is often known as smooth or
spring kale It Is quite as Rood as
kalo or collards and may ho prepared
in the sumo way. As a feed for hogs
sheep cows and chickens It Is tho
most Important plant of tho cahbago
family. Tho seed Is also cheap re-
tailing usually at nbout ten cents a
Tho most common uso of rape Is ns
a pasture crop for hogs or sheep.
Many animals do not like rape at first
but will eat It readily aftor they havo
acquired tho tnBto. A liberal supply
of salt will tend to prevent the purging
which rapo often produces. With hogs
there Is no danger from bloating. With
cattle however this danger does ex-
ist to somo extent and It Is well there-
fore to avoid pasturing them on puro
rope. If a supply of hay or straw
Is kept convenient tho animals will
Instinctively turn to that when they
begin to bloat and when cattlo can
pass readily from rapo to grass pas-
ture cases o' bloating aro rare. Un-
der any circumstances however cattlo
should not bo turned Into n rapo pas-
ture when It Is wet with dew or rain
or when they aro very hungry.
Cattlo cat rape readily but destroy
considerable by trampling especially
whero tho rapo (s broadcasted. In
broad rows tho damage Is less for the
animals usually walk between tho
rows. When cut and stall fed rape
should be given to dairy cows Just
after rnllking; otherwiso it may taint
As a feed for all kinds of poultry
rapo Is also excellent.
Time of Seeding.
Rapo Is a cool-season crop and In
tho South should therefore bn planted
In tho fall or In very early spring. Tho
crop Is not Injured b ordinary win-
ters In tho South but of courso tho
growth Is slow In cold weather. In
tho fall It Is best seeded from August
IS to October 1G. Later seeding Is
scarcely advisable except near tho
Gulf coast and in Florida. In the
spring It should bo seeded Just as
early ns danger of freezes Is past. The
earlier secdlngs nearly always give
tho largest yields as growth is
ROTS HURT SWEET POTATOES'
Greatest Losses In Oklahoma Due to
Two Fungi Crop Flotation Should
(Dy C. D. Learn Oklahoma Agricultural
There nro several diseases which
aro quite common to tho sweet potato
In this state but probably tho great-
est lossej) arc duo to tho two fungi
causing tho soft rot and tho black rot.
Tho two forms causo a very different
rot henco tho names of tho two dis-
eases. A fungus Is a plant -which repro-
duces by spores which aro tho samo
as seeds; but tho fungus gets its food
by sending slender filaments into an-
other plant termed tho host. These
filaments are similar to a root of
tho common plant which gathers
The- soft rot 1b probably less com-
mon and of minor Importance for It
causes Its trouble on bruised pota-
toes while In storage. It gnlns en-
trance through a bruised area whtlo
black rot docs not necessarily need a
The black rot has seemed to bo
moro common In tho vicinity of tho
agricultural college tho past year than
for three years. This disease Is of
great Importance as It Is parasitic and
caujje.8 a rot which may not be no-
ticed In Its carl stages. It appears
as a dark colored sunken area and
gradually Increases la size until this
area Is very large and very much
sunken and by making a cross-section
of the potato through such an area one
may easily note the dark diseased
If the diseased potatoes are used for
taking slips from they will In all prob-
ability be Infected. The Infection la
notlred as a small black area. There
may be enteral such Infections on a
lip. If the slips are too badly Infect-
ed the plant may die after being set
out; or It mar not be vigorous In
growth. At least there Is a chance of
the potatoes being badly diseased
The fungus causing black rot may
live over In the soil for an Indefinite
time. Such being the case the best
method of controlling the fungus Is to
select potatoss not diseased. Plant the
potatoes from which slips are taken
In soils where no disease has been pre-
viously sod last set your slips out
where there bas feet no diseased pet
STOCK AND TABLE
checksd when very warm weather oc-
curs. In summer tho plant becomes
much less palatable.
Practically only ono variety tho
dwarf Essex Is grown In tho United
Ilnpo Is n succulent nutritious plant
closely related to kale collards and
cabbage and reimlren essentially tho
samo conditions of culture as theso
crops. Tho plants grow to u height
of 1V4 to four feet depending on con-
ditions of soil and climate.
llapo succeeds best in rich lonm
soils but profitable crops aro grown
on Randy and on clayey soils. An
abundant moisture supply is necessary
to produce largo yields. Good prepara-
tion of tho seed bed Is advisable. Ilsxn-
yard manuro Is tho best fertilizer. In
tho absence of this 400 to COO pounds
per aero of a completo commercial
fertilizer may bo used.
When rapo Is planted in wldo rowa
It should bo given threo or four cul-
tivations during its early growth.
After cutting tho first crop a second
growth Is often obtained especially
if the stubblo is cultivated.
Method of Seeding.
Ilapo may ho sown In cultivated
rows in narrow drill rows or broad-
casted. If planted In rows theso should
ordinarily be 2 to 30 lushes arart.
In rows 2S Inches wide which Is tho
best width two pounds of seed per
aero arc sulTlclent.
If drilled with a grain drill four
pounds of seed per aero art required.
When broadcasted five or six pounds
per acre should bo used.
Kapc may bu successfully grown
with certain other crops. Thus it may
do sown in early spring In oats wheat
or rye and usually a good stand Is
secured after the grain crop is cut.
It may also bo sown mixed with clo-
ver to be used as pasture or between
tho rows lu some winter-killed crop
for Into fall pasture.
Tho best depth to bow tho seed Is
about one-holt Inch.
Ilapo varies greatly in yield ac-
cording to tho soil. Yields of 30 tons
per acre green weight nro not rare
Ten to fifteen tons Is a good yield
nnd smaller returns nro profitable.
Under fnvornblo conditions rupo la
ready to pasture In nbout eight weeks
after seeding. An aero of good rapo
will easily supply pasture for 20 hogs
or two months.
WHEN TO CUT SUDAN GRASS
Should Be Harveste-J for Hay Soon
as Plants Are Fully Headed
Big Demand for Seed.
Sudan grass should bo cut for hay
as soon as tho plants aro fully headed.
Immcdlato cutting Is recommended by
tho Texas experiment stntlon ns this
will insuro moro cuttings a Bcason.
Under fair weather conditions It can
ho treated Just Ilka prairlo hay or
timothy cut in tho morning nnd
hauled Into tho barn or stacked that
afternoon. The speed with which tho
hay dries out dependa entirely upon
tho weather and tho thickness of tho
stalks at tlmo of cutting.
Sudan grass In a properly drilled
row should not mnko a stalk thicker
than a lend pencil And It Is prcfcrablo
If It ho seeded thicker to make an oven
thinner stnlk. Tho thinner tho stalk
tho moro readily It curiB and tho moro
tender nnd palatablo tho hay. Tho
writer saw Sudan grass broadcasted
at tho rato of 20 pounda an acre yield-
ing almost two tons of finest quality
hay at each cutting. Aa quickly as a
crop was cut tho roots would send up
new vigorous growth which could be
cut for hay or be pastured.
If tho crop Is cut for seed it Is best
to let tho pods mature well tho first
crop being the best. Tho grass may
bo harvested with a wheat binder or
with a mower. Tho seed doea not
shatter badly when rake"d with a horse
rake. If planted In cultivated rows It
can bo cut with a corn harvester. How-
ever it is best to harvest tho crop for
seed In bundles so It can be more
easily threshed. At present with m
largo demand for Sudan grass
throughout the country the price of
seed Is quoted at an average of one
dollar a pound. With an Increased
acreage of the crop next year a larse
decline In price of seed Is looked for.
About ten bushels of seed an acre Is
an average yield. The seed weight
32 pounds to a bushel
The yield of hay varies chiefly with
the extent of rainfall or available
moisture In the ground. At the Texas
experiment station the writer learned
that four crops were harvested a year
with an average of a ton or more a
cutting. After the first cutting about
thirty days elapsed before the second
crop was ready to harvest
Liking for Hen-
The man who acres for hogs should
have a liking for then. '
Straighten Up! Don't Lose a Day's Workl Clean Your Sluggish
Liver and Bowels With "Dodson' s Liver Tone."
Ugh I Calomel makes you stck. Take
S dose of tho vile dangerous drug to-
night and tomorrow you may loso a
Calomel is mercury or quicksilver
which causes necrosis of the bones.
Calomel when It comes Into contact
with sour bile crashes Into It break-
ing It up. This Is when you feel that
awful naupca and cramping. If you
feel sluggish and "nil knocked out" it
your liver 1b torpid nnd bowels consti-
pated or you have lioi.clnclie dizziness
coated tongue If breath Is had or
stomach sour Just try a spoonful of
harmless Dodson's Liver Tone.
Horcs my guarantee (5o to any
drug store or dealer and get a GO-cent
bottle of Dodson's Liver Tone. Tnko
a spoonful tonight and If It doesn't
RESULT IS MUCH THE SAME
Slight Difference Between the Meth-
ods of the Ancient and the
A wicked '.urtle had for years hern
troublesome to the Inhabitants of the
marsh In which he dwelt He bit tho
legs off frogs ate fish with relish
and occasionally grabbed hold of a
snake and held on until It thundered.
Finally the animals held a court
nnd tried the turtle on the charge of
murder. The turtle wns there with
his hnrvcylzcd shell in perfect repair
nnd covered with moss an Inch thick.
Ho apparently enjoyed tho delibera-
tions of the Judicial body and was
observed to smile at various times.
The Judgment of the court wns that
the turtle should be hanged by the
neck until ho wbb dead. When this
decision wne announced there was
great cheering und tho court officers
prepared to put tho sentence Into exe-
cution nt once. They prepared ti
nooso and approached the turtle.
Thai astute tortoise drew his head
hack Inside his shell and chuckled
merrily at the Inability of tho execu-
tioners to carry out the sentence of
Moral In these days turtles bribe
grand Juries or employ good attor-
neys. DREADFUL PAINS
Was the Lot of This Ladj Who Tells
The Story of How She Re-
covered Her Health.
Dallas N. C Mrs. Thomas Davis
of this place says: "About two yearn
ago when 1 wns eighteen years old I
was In a bad condition from womanly
troubles. I fell oft until I weighed not
more than 85 lbs.
I suffered dreadful pains in my hips
sides and abdomen for about 5 days
out of every month.
I couldn't sleep at night and the
pains were so dreadful I couldn't Ho
down for the blood would seem to
rush to my head.
I felt I must have somo relief for
It seemed that tho awful suffering
would urely kill mo.
I had read of what Cardul had done
for others and thought I would try it.
After the use of one bottle the
pains bad entirely stopped and I was
ablo to sleep.
After using four bottles I was a
well woman I wns regular I got back
my flesh and I now weigh 12G lbs.;
and am able to do all my work with-
out any trouble.
I certainly recommend Cardul to
suffering women for I know It cured
My friends who saw mo when I
weighed 85 pojnds and would seo me
now would know what Cardul had
done for me."
Try Cardul. Adv.
"Do you think tho war will be over
before very long?"
"Yes. What I'm hoping Is that tho
peace negotiations won't precipitate
BABY LOVES HIS BATH
With Cutlcura Soap Because 8o Sooth-
ing When His 8kln Is Hot.
These fragrant supercrearay emol-
lients are a comfort to children. The
Soap to cleanse and purify the Clint-
jient to soothe and heal rashes. Itch-
ing dialings etc. Nothing more ef-
fective. May be used from the hour
of birth with absolute confidence.
Sample each free by mall with Dock.
Address postcard Cutlcurt Dept XT
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
When a reformer gets Into office he
Is generally content with a few altera-
tions of things.
India's cotton crop is estimated at
4900000 bales of 430 pounds each
sseeeiiee e. riesp
straighten you right up and make you
feel fine and vigorous by morning 1
want you to go back to the storo and
get your money. Dodson's Liver Tone
Is destroying the Bale of calomel be-
causo It Is real liver medicine; entire-
ly vegetable therefore It cannot sali-
vate or make you sick.
I guarantees that one spoonful of
Dodscn's Liver Tono will put your
slugrih liver to work and clfan your
bowels of that sour bile and consti-
pated waBto which Is clogging your
syutem and making you feel miserable
I guarantee that a bottle of Dodson's
Liver Tone will keep your entlro fnm-
lly feeling fine for months (live It to
your children. It Is harmless; doesn't
grips and they like Us pleasant taste.
Building Up Her Words.
A certain little Columbus schoolgirl
Is lenrnlng things both nt school nnd
on the street us a recent happening
demonstrates. The knowledge she
picked up at school; the phraso re-
garding tho cat she heard cither from
some older child or from some care-
".Mother what does f-a-t spell?" she
asked tho other night on coming
home from school.
"Why 'fat' my dear" replied the
"And what does h-e-r spell?" came
the second Inquiry.
"'Her'" uguln vouchsafed the In-
formant. "Now I knew I was right and that
old eat of n teacher tried to mnko me
believe that those letters sclled fa-
ther" exclaimed the child with not a
little Indignation. Columbus Dispatch.
Had Made a Start.
Pete tho hired man was known for
his prodigious appetite. One morning
ho had eaten a normal breakfast of
oatmeal buckwheat cakeii toast fried
potatoes ham eggs doughnuts cffeo
nnd the usual trimmings and gene io
n neighbor's to help with extra work.
I'eto arrived before tho family had
risen from the morning menl.
"Well l'ete" hospitably Inquired
the farmer "had breakfast yet?"
"Aw" drawled l'eto In n wheedling
tone "klnda." Everybody's Magazine.
A One Sided Definition.
"What Is your Idea of neutrality?"
"Neutrality" answered tho dlplo-
mat "Is a stato of mind so disinter-
ested nnd accurate as to permit no
question that the sldo of the contro-
versy represented by mo is entitled to
tho fullest support."
Illll They say tho Russians nro
now using caviar for ammunition.
Jill Well I always did consider it
Hotel Patron What's that extra
chnrgo of $5 for?
Clerk For tips you forgot to give
Not the Ideal.
"I want n sunny lot In life."
"You'll find a few shade- trees a
"Whnt Is your Idea of a cinch?"
"Ilettlug that the long hand of a
watch will get around first."
"Can n woman keep n secret?"
"Yes; unless It's some other wom-
an's." ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE for tl.s THOOrS
OTrr ICO.000 tiackagts or Allen's Foot-Easr the
anu.rinic puwurr lu niKemiolouriODfl.are
belDK u.etl by the Herman sod Allied troop at
' Ike rront because It rrsts the fret life In-
stant relief to Corns anil Utinlona hot swollen
achluir trailer ftrt and makes walking rnuj.
'bold eferj where Ue. Trr It TODAY. Dou'l
1 acvcpi auj suumuuie. aut.
When a man plays enrds ho is loaf-
ing. When n woman plays cards she
Is attending to her snclnl duties.
Fools not only rush In whero angels
fear to tread but they sometimes get
away with it. Nashville Manner.
vorn own nafoaiST will tbh.l too
Trr Morln Bre Ussudrfur KW Wtak. Water
sod Uranilavwl mfiltti Ms ttsunUi-
toil Rio contort. Wrtls for book of tks m
t null es. XirlM sirs Bssuar Cs.. CMsafV
If everybody wnnted only whnt Is
good for him human wants would he
After n man has been married two
weeks ho cun readily understand why
love Ib blind.
If ycir horse Is kicked or cut by
barbed wire apply Hanford's Dalsam.
Relations between tho old-fashioned
milkman and the hydrant aro fre-
Blessed Is tho wifo who Is not too
strenuous In managing her silent partner.
ravhatre. Wee "Uk
WITH THE USUAL GREETING
Elderly Darky Remembered His
Training and Addressed Stereo-
typed Question to "Angel."
Jack McOrccvy tho vaudevlllo en-
tertainer was reared in a southern
locality whero the population was
largely black nnd whero tho older
darkles were Invariably respectful. A
part of thoir deference says Mc-
Oreovy wns to Inquire ns to tho health
of the family rf anyone who. addressed
them even If ho wero a stranger.
Thus an elderly negro was ut work
in tho llclds not fr from u fair
grounds where n p.irnchute Jump wns
n part of thu entertainment. Tho
Jumper n girl had gone up In a bal-
loon nnd had encountered n wind
which blew her somo distance heforo
sho cut loose and when Bhe landed
It wns only u few feet from tho old
uncle with the hue. Ho had not seen
her descend nnd ho fairly blinked ns
ho beheld the lslon in scnrlet tights
nnd lrulcnt peroxldn hair. His train
ing did not desert him however fur
ho asked presently:
"(Joed evenln' .Miss Angel. How's
yo' paw an' maw ?"
TULSA WOMAN WINS
NOW FEELING FINE
Mrs. Wyatt's Doctor Said She Could
Not Live but She "Feels
Mrs. Mary Wyatt of 207 Clnn ave-
nue Tulsa Okla. had serious stomach
trouble for nearly six years. For about
two years of that tlmo tho doctors
held that she wns lu the gravest dan-
ger. Sho took Mnyr'a Wonderful Hem-
edy and found relief. Sho wrote:
"I havo taken tho full treatment of
your wonderful remedy. 1 havo been
suffering from stomach trouble for
nearly six years and after 1 took tho
first doso I felt like n now woman.
Two years ago a doctor told mo 1
could not live a year but thanks to
Mnyr'a Wonderful Hiraedy I do not
have any trouble with my stomach any
Mayr's Wonderful Ilemedy gives per-
manent results for stomach liver and
intestinal ailments. Eat as much and
whatever you like. No more distress
after eating pressure of gag In the
stomach and around the heart. Cletone
bottle of your druggist now and try It
on an absolute guarantee If not satis-
factory money will be returned. Adv
Optimist and Pessimist.
"Do you seo that cheerful chap over
there Just lighting a cigar?"
"Well he's a six-months man while
the Bour-looklng individual talking to
him Is n two-year man."
"What do you mean by those
"One thinks tho war will end In six
mouths nnd tho other thinks It will
last at least two years longer."
Every woman's pridf. beautiful clear
white clothes. Uie Itcd Crow Uall blue.
All groccre. Adv.
No girl should acquire n husband un-
til she Is able to convert u round steak
Into a square menl.
For sores npply Hanford's Dalsam
Somehow u man who doesn't know
right from wrong nearly always does
ALCOHOL-3 PER CENT
ANvtftlable Preparation Tor At.
ling itir Stomachs aftd Bowels of
nessand Rest.Contalns neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral
Not Nawc otic
. Arpv tftusAnmnnm
A perfect Remedy forCoranpa-
lion . Sour Stomach.DUrrhee
nets and LoasorUBP-'
Tht Cbntaur COMSAHY
amass Osw at Wtastsf -- -. ..... am
0RNU" NAM Oftiaetaa. Pm.tm
TWO LONG YEARS
Mrs. Aselin Wu Restored to
Health by Lydia E. Pink-
Minneapolis. Minn. "After my littles
ono was born I was sick with pains in
my sides which the
doctors said were
caused by Inflamma-
tion. I suffered a
great deal every
month and grew very
thin. I was under the
doctor's care for two
long years without
any benefit. Finally
after repeated sug
Rcstlons to try itwa
trot Lydla E. Pink-
ham's Vegetable Compound. After tak-
ing tho third bottlo of tho Compound I
was ablo to do my housework and today
1 am strong nnd healthy again. I will
answer letters If anvono wishes to know
about my cose. ' 'Mrs. JosErH Aselin
COS Fourth Avenue Minneapolis Minn.
Lydla E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com-
pound made from native roots and
iiejbj contains no nartott-.i or harmful
drugs and today holds tho record of
being the most successful remedy we
know for woman's Ills. If you need such
a medicine why don'M you try It T
If you hBjf the slightest donbt
thnt Lydla E. Plnkliam's Veretiv-
ble Compound will taclpyouwrUe
to Lydln K.Plnkham McdlclnoCo.
(confidential) LynnMass. for ad-
vice. Your letter will be opened
rend and answered by a wotuant
and beld in strict confidence.
WE STAND FOR
Laundry soaps. Made especially for
hard waters. Pure and economical.
Save your clothes npt the dirt.
A while sweet refreshing soap for
toilet and bath Is made for particular
Splendid for washing laces flamela
and woolens. Will not shrink clothes.
P B P P valuable handsome
ritaiC useful premiums.
Send for. premium list now.
We share our profits with you.
PRODUCTS MANUFaOTURIRI CI.
Oklihimt City Oklihtm
DAISY FLY KILLER Rtf ....?. .U
titt. Heat elaaa. er
rkMp. LSBtS ail
on m '
oter will aot Mil at
BBtatg paid for IMa
AKOLBIOIIKH 1H D Kl Aft. Srteklra X. X.
For Infante and Ohlldrem.
Mothers Know That
tm mot nasaf . tarn teas em
'9 s. J ssV
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Farmers' Champion (Elgin, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 31, Ed. 1, Wednesday, May 12, 1915, newspaper, May 12, 1915; Elgin, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69608/m1/3/: accessed September 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.