The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 35, No. 46, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 19, 1923 Page: 2 of 8
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THE BEAVER HERALD BEAVER OKLAHOMA
CHANGE MADE IN
Tractor Is Cause of Numerous
Alterations According to De-
partment of Agriculture.
REDUCTION OF WORK STOCK
fr Among Other Innovations Brought
About It Variation in Cropping
System Increase In Size of
Farm and Fields.
riprfd fcr lh UniUil shim Uprttnnt
of AsrluHnrt )
Numerous clones In the organiza-
tion ami operation of fa nil may be
effected by the use of a tractor ac-
n.rdfng to recent Investigations by the
I. tilted .States Department of Agrieul-
tire. These change may be a reduc-
tion In the number of work stock
tlianges In cropping a) stem an In-
crease In the sIza of the farm n
chance In the size of fields a snving
lr man Inbor and chancer In live-
stock enterprises. Detailed result of
the Investigations are contained In
Farmers' Bulletin 121M entitled
Chance Kffected by Tractors on
Corn Belt Farms Just published. L.
A. rteynoldson. Junior fann economist
and II. It. Tolley agricultural en-
gineer am the authors.
Reduction of Stock.
The extent of the reduction In work
Mock depends primarily upon the
number which are already owned and
the work which It la planned to do
with the tractor snya the bulletin.
No rule Is given to show In advance
hour many work stock can be disposed
of on farms In' general but It la said
that on most corn-belt farms enough
horses will have to be kept to cultivate
com and do the other necessary heme
labor which cornea at that time.
Where hired help I employed dur-
ing the year all or n part nt least
of such help may ho eliminated ac-
cording to the bulletin. On furms run
without the use of hired help the
tractor will enable the operator to do
Ids work in less time than he formerly
did by combining1 different operations
nuch as disking and harrowing and
ly performing hla work nt more op-
portune times. Where land Is avail-
able adjoining or In the vicinity of
the farm. It may be possible to In-
crease the number of acres In crops
which can be handled with the same
PREPARING EGGS FOR
SHIPPING TO MARKET
Candling Will Save Transporta-
tion and Storage Charges.
Method of Conservation Tried Out
During World War and Results So
Gratifying That Several States
Have Adopted Plan.
Do you know how to tell the qual-
ity of an egg without breaking the
shell? All you need Is a pasteboard
box with a hole i4 Inches In diam-
eter strong Ugh: such as Is furnished
by a lamp or p.1 electric light bulb a
dark room and the egg. When the
egg Is held clove against the hole the
strong light renders Its contents vis-
ible and Its quality Is Indicated by the
appearance of the yolk the white and
the air space at the blunt end.
Testing gg by candling as It Is
called may not only be ued by the
housewife In obtaining fresh eggs for
PROFIT MADE IN
Uttle Extra Care by Shepherd at
This Critical Period Will Be
Repaid Later On.
GRAIN FEED CAUSES TROUBLE
Test Eggs by Candling.
her table but has nlso proved to ba
commercially practicable In prevent-
L Ing loss by separating for local con
sumption eggs that because of
cracks wetness. Incipient spoilage and
other defects arc likely to spoil In
shipment. Such eggs are suitable for
Immediate use but will not stand ship-
ping. Candling as near as possible to
source of production will not only
save transportation and storage
charges for the farmers who wish to
buy and sell on an accurate quality
basis but will prevent the loss of a
valuable food product. This method
of conservation was tried out during
the World war and the results have
been so gratifying that many states
have made It n permanent featuro of
their food-control work.
Use of Small Individual Pens Pre-
vents Other Sheep From Injuring
Young Animals Prevent Chill-
ing in Cold Weather
(Prtpirrd br tk Unlt4 3lt Dtpinment
frf Arrteullur 1
The lambing season Is a busy time
for tint shephen! as the percentage of
lambs saved affects the profitableness
of the Hock. Kxtrn work at this period
will be well repaid as a little care
given at the right time will result In
the saving of many laml and even
of some of the ewes that would other
wise be lost and will often thus great-
ly Increase the amount of profit from
the flock according to specialists of
the United States Department of Ag-
riculture. I Kwes which have been well cored
for and which arrive at this season In
good condition will give very little
trouble during lambing. It should be
remembered that only a small amount
of grain approximately one-quarter to
one-half pound per1 head per day
should be fed to the ewes Just before
lambing as heavy grain feeding at this
time will often cause udder trouble.
Kven In flocks which have received the
best of care It Is usually necessary to
help some of the ewes deliver their
Iambi. When assistance Is needed the
hands should be thoroughly cleansed
and rubbed with oil to prevent Infec-
tion nnd Irritation to the ewe.
Ewe In Individual Pen.
Just before or Immediately after she
has lambed each ewe should be placed
In a small Individual pen. The use of
these pens prevents the other sheep
from Injuring the lambs and gives the
ewe a much better chance to "mother"
As soon as the lamb Is delivered the
shepherd should cleanse the phlegm
from the lamb's mouth and nostrils.
VIRGINIA AND OHIO
URGE BETTER SIRES
Two States Have Been Active in
Nebraska Ktntucky Washington
Sduth Carolina and Vermont Are
Also Actively Engaged In
Drive to Improve Animals.
irrtparcd br lh Unltd stupe Dnrtmt
t Asrlcolturt )
For more than a year the states of
Virginia and Ohio hsvc been unusual-
ly active us shown by United States
Department of Agriculture records. In
Improving their live stock by the use
of purebred sires. At the end of the
calendar year 1022 Ohio showed a
What the Cat-Bird
By CLARISSA MACKIE
1111135 p.wvwh J&j
BURNING OVER WASTE LANDS
Tractor Changes Farm Operations.
amount of man labor nnd number of
horses as on the smaller acreage be-
fore a mnchlne wns purchased. Re-
duction In work slock and Increase in
the size of the fann may often result
In a chango In the acres of different
crops raised for feed nnd ualn and In
the rotation followed. Where the lay
of the land permits or additional land
In obtained close by fields can bo en-
larged resulting In more work being
nceompilshcd In n given time. Where
liermancnt pastures occur or the
acreage In pasture Is not changed to
conform to a reduced number of work
Mock additional head of other stock
can be carried. In nearly every In-
stance the purchase of a tractor re-
quires the further purchnse of some
machinery for use with It. This ma-
chinery may be cither for the draw
bar belt or both. A practice which
has met with success Is for several
farmers to buy one or more belt ma-
chines co-operatively especially a
Kraln separator thus enabling the
farmers to do their own thrashing
when they are ready.
Jiow Mads Profitable.
"It Is obvious" say the authors
"that a tractor will not be profitable
If It docs not enable the fanner to do
ut least ono of the following things:
(I) reduco the number of work stock
fin the fann; (2) reduce the amount
of hired help required: (3) furm an
Increased acreage; or (1) Increase the
amount of crops produced." On some
farms where peculiar conditions may
be present oilier changes of n minor
nature may be made. Often these
minor chnnges cannot be foretold but
will dovclop naturally after the trac-
tor has been In use some time nnd hns
been fitted Into the work on tlio fann.
CopleK of Farmers' llulletln 120a
may l obtained free upon request of
the United Slates Department of Agri-
culture Washington D. O.
MATING OF BREEDING FOWLS
It Takes Two Weeks After Male Has
Been Introduced Before Maximum
Fertility Is Sure.
Breeding flocks should be mated es
Itertully for early hutching. It take
two weeks after the male has been In-
troduced before maximum fertility Is
obtained. If the hens have been vvfth
no undesirable male It will take three
weeks for Uicm to get rid of bit Influence.
Practice In Some Sections Frequently
Results In Great Destruction of
The practice In some sections of
burning over waste land nnd marshes
during April nnd Mny frequently re-
sults In great destruction of bird life
and blnls' nests and eggs particularly
on marKh land where wild ducks
breed according to the biological sur-
vey of the United Slates Departtnent
of Agriculture. The department sug-
gests that where It Is nt all ossll)le
the growth should be left alone or the
marshes burned previous to the arrival
of the birds or the building of the
nests wr'-h would be generally
speaking In Kebniary and.March. In
many Instances the burning Is unnec-
essary nnd no good purpose Is served
by It. Due to the draining of numer
ous nreas throughout the country for
agricultural purposes suitable breed-
ing places for hints are constantly be-
coming fewer In number and for this
reason tho unnecessary burning over
of waste lands nnd marshes should ba
discouraged everywhere by bird lovers
conservationists and sportsmen.
LEG WEAKNESS OF CHICKENS
Growing Pullets Cockerels and Chicks
Are Affected by Ailment Similar
Growing pullets and cockerels some-
times become affected with n log weak-
ness that Is difficult to account for.
They suddenly become unable to use
their legs nnd flop about by means
of their wings. Tills condition may
last for n few days nnd the bird then
recovers; It may persist until the
denth of the fowl. Chicks are nlso
affected by the same disease which Is
similar to rheumatism in human be-
ll. Krf. 'In this caso there Is n swelling
of tho Joints with pain nnd tender-
ness. Itemove tho affected fowls from the
rest of tho Hock and ploce them In a
dry comfortable place by themselves
(live each one a tenspoonful or two of
castor oil but remember that what
goes down tho outside of tho neck
does no good.
CARE IN PASTURING ALFALFA
Dloat Caused In Sheep and Horses
When Changing From Dry Feed
Glvo Some Hay.
Cot must be tnken In pasturing at-
folfn as It will cause blent In cnttle
sheep nnd horses. When changing
from dry feed to alfalfa pasture the
nnlmal should consume n quantity of
hay nnd they should be allowed to
pasture on the nlfalfa for n very short
time at first. As they become accus-
tomed to alfalfa they may remain
longer but It Is best to allow them ac-
cess to a straw stack or bay at all
Ewo and Lamb In Individual Pen.
Some Iambs when dropped" while ap-
parently normal In every way will
fall to start breathing but oftentimes
their breathing may be started by
blowing Into their mouth and nostrils.
The first few hours of the Iamb's
life Is the most critical erlod through
which It pnsses. In cold weather care
Is required to prevent the new-born
lumb from chilling: In case a lamb be-
comes slightly chilled It may usually
be revived by wrnpplng In dry cloths
or by being placed near n worm fire
for n short time. If badly chilled how-
ever. It may be necessary to Immerse
the lamb for two or three minutes In
water which Is as hot as the hand can
bear after which It should be wiped
as dry as possible wrapped In dry
cloths and placed In a warm room.
Lambs which are unable to stand
and suckle and those which have
been chilled should be helped to se-
cure a till of milk as soon as possible.
After they have suckled two or three
times nnd become thoroughly dry and
wnrm they will stand considerable
Ewes Disown Lambs.
If Individual pens are used for the
ewe and lamb and the ewes are In good
condition so that they have sufficient
milk for their offspring very few of
the lambs will bo drowned. Young
ewes with their first lamb nnd those
In poor condition give the most trou-
ble In disowning their lambs. In case
n ewe refuses to own her lamb It often
helps to draw some of the milk nnd
rub It upon her nose nnd over the
lamb. If she hits lost her lumb she
may bo Induced to - adopt some dis-
owned one or a twin lamb by taking
tho skin from her own lamb and fast-
ening It over the one to be adopted.
The ewes should be given ull the
wnter they wnnt Immedlr.tely after
lmnblng nnd care should be tnken to
cut down on their feed particularly
INCREASING EGG PRODUCTION
Poultryman Should Make Use of Trap
Nut and Employ Systematic
Method of Breeding.
The ponltrymnn who would Increase
Die nverogo egg production of his
fowlH should employ the trap nest nt
least to some degree practice careful
selection always und put Into effect u
systematic method of breeding which
will result In a more efficient strain
grain for the first few days.
Only Good Bulls Should Head a Herd.
total of 2293 persons who had pledged
themsels In writing to use purebred
sires for all classes of live stock
raised. Virginia's total was 1030.
Karly In January Virginia filed with
the department 101 additional pledges
In one day thus passing the 2.0U0
mark and nanowlng the margin con-
siderably. Other states similarly active In this
organized drive to Improve their live
stock are Nebraska Kentucky Wash-
ington South Carolina and Vermont.
Current progress of the work In these
and other states Is shown by a report.
Just Issued by the bureau of animal
Industry and Is obtainable on request.
TO MEASURE FARM INCOMES
Natlon.Wlde Survey Being Made to
Discover Results of Farm
A nation-wide survey to discover the
dollars and cents result of farm opera-
tions for the country as a whole In
1022 Is now being made by the United
States Department of Agriculture.
The survey giving the facts of re-
ceipts and expenses. Is the first of Its
kind ever attempted and Is part of a
permanent project to determine the
trend of Incomes from furmlng cur-
rently from 1922 forwnnl and back-
ward so far as available data will per-
mlL The survey will ihow acreage
farm value method of operation pro-
duction receipts nnd expenses on Indi-
vidual farms. Compilations will be
made by sections of the country and
also by commodities.
In addition ia a general question-
naire distributed among 00000 of the
department's crop reporters a detailed
broadcast questionnaire will be sent
to all farmers In counties where the
department hn.v already made farm
business analysis studies. This year
the special county work will Include
10 nreas. ten by mall and six covered
personally by department representatives.
TURKEYS IN HIDDEN PLACES
Hens Often Steal Nests In Patch of
Weeds or Tall Grass Bert Plan
to Confine Them.
Turkey hens are wont to "steal"
their nests In hidden places such as a
patch of weeds tall grass or thick
brush and often wander a half mile or
more from home before they find lo-
cations that suit them. To find these
stolen nests often proves to bo a long
and tedious task the usual method
being to follow each turkey hen as she
separates from the. flock and starts
toward her nest cure being taken that
she does not know she Is being fol-
lowed. A much easier and quicker
method than this Is to confine the
hens cnrly some morning soon after
they have come down from nest nnd
let them out late In the nftenioon.
Those that lire laying will then head
for their nests In onler to lay the eggs
they have been holding.
If many turkeys are kept the use
of n breeding pen will be found n
grent convenience. This pen should
cover n sufficient nrea to allow the
turkeys some exercise on ncre for fif-
teen birds being none too large. A
hog-tight wire fence three feet high
will hold most turkeys njitl If nnr per-
sist In filing out. the flight fenthers of
ono wing should be clipped. Nests
should be scattered ubout the pen
SHIP ONIONS LONG DISTANCF
Important That They Be Properly Ma
tared Cleaned and Graded
If properly innturcd cleaned ant
graded onions may be shipped long
distances. If they are shipped to
points outside of your state they have
to be graded according to tho stand-
ards adopted by tho United States De-
partment of Agriculture. Before ship-
ping you should know the financial
standing of the person or firm you art
IC 1121. br JlcC1vu Ilwaptpr Srncllett.)
"Went away and never has been
heard from" asserted Captain Ilalllday
as he refilled his ple and pulled out
a battered matchbox. "I always ask
folks from the city If they know Kob-
ert Landls but no one ever had up to
the time you came to the village."
"It may not be the same person"
said Mrs. Hently as she knitted busily.
They were sitting on the bottom of nn
upturned boat on the shore and the
captain had been relating many stories
to the city boarder. "I have met a
Ilobert Landls; he Is n young newspa
per mnn and he lives In the same
boarding house that I do In the city. I
have often talked with him but he
I never mentioned Shelbeach In fact he
knew I was coming here but he did
J not upepar to be Intercity"
"Hum I Is he married" asked the
"Does he seem to like the girls?"
Mrs. Hently laughed. "I cannot pay
that he seems much Interested In them ;
he seems like rather a grim silent
young man absorbed In bis work and
not particularly happy."
"Shol" muttered the captain. "That
sounds like he ought to be but not
how he uster be around here. He was
Just wild nbout my niece Sally"
"The pretty black-eyed girl who
lives with you?"
"Yes. live years ago she was only
eighteen nnd prettier than she Is now
more color and her eyes were happy.
She was engaged to Kobcrt Landls.
They quarreled about something and
he went off; she's that p.'oud she never
mentioned his name after that only
she's wistful and never so gay and hap-
py nj before."
"I am so sorry" murmured Mrs.
Bently. "Is there anything I can do
to bring them together? It Is a deli-
cate situation. But It seems dreadful
that they should miss their chance for
"My theory Is that there Is some
misunderstanding." commented the
captain. "There they were happy as
clams at high water writing each other
every day hnvlng a post office In a
hole In a hollow tree In the orchard.
One day not so' long ago I was coming
across the orchard at dusk and there
was Sally leaning against the old tree
crying as If her heart would break "
"Don't I" cried Sirs. Bently taking
out her handkerchief.
"There's the vase I" said the captain
gruffly. "Thank you ma'nm for lis-
teninggood afternoon." He tmdged
up the bench aw Ith his fishing tackle
nnd string of fish and disappeared
through a hole In a broken fence. .
"The jioor little thing" murmured
Mrs. Bently thinking of Sally and her
sad love story. "I believe I will go
home for a week-end and' I will carry
with mo some snapshot pictures; ono
must be of that old orchard and the
post office In the tree nnd one must be
of Sally nt her prettiest ; I must catch
her secretly and then some odd ones
of the bench nnd other parts of the
village but those two will be mingled
In and he cannot help but see them."
So Mrs. Bently spent one busy day
with her camera and then she took
train for the city. Cnptnln Ilalllday
missed her pleasant companionship on
the beach nnd went fishing every day.
Sally sang about her housework. In a
soft sad little voice and sometimes
her eyes vvnridered out to the old npple
tree where there wns a mossy hollow
In the trunk that was always empty
now. A tangle of bushes had grown
up around the old tree nnd amid the
sharp thorns of brier a catbird had
built her loosely constructed nest.
Brown twigs lenves bits of grass n
scrap of old newspaper all helped to
build the home for the hungry brood.
They had flown away and the parent
birds still clung to the old nest utter-
ing their clever mimicry of other song-
sters or making thnt strange mewing
cry so like a cat. Sally liked the beau-
tiful gray creatures for they had re-
turned to the same old nest year after
year. How- often she had seen them
on her fruitless visits to the old tryst-
Ing place I
Thnt afternoon there came n terrific
windstorm and all the fishing boats
hurried Into port Just before the storm
burst In lis fury. Captain Ilalllday wns
among the first to arrive nnd he put up
his boat nnd hurried home to help Sally
close the heavy shutters nnd make tho
old house snug against the gale.
"We're In for n bit of wind my denr"
said thf captain as he sat down to n
hot savory supper.
"It Is mining Uncle Peter; listen"
said Sally pouring out his -tea.
There was tho steady bent of rain
on the roof the chink of water running
through the gutter pipes the sound of
They awoke next morning to n sod-
den world of soaking Innd fallen trees
and n beach strewn with driftwood
from Wreckers Islnnd. When the
waves rushed over Wreckers Island one
knew It wns the worst storm of the sea-
son for then the waves brought In n
great quantity of broken ships' timber
of which there was nlwnys a plenty on
Cnptnln Ilalllday went down to the
beach to gather some of the driftwood
for the winter fires nnd Sally wan-
dered through her ruined flower garden
nnc' then out to the orchnnl. There
were cries or distress from the cat-
birds who -vere perched In the old ap-
ple tree Sally found their frail 'nest
blown to the ground but strongly tied
to the thorn bushes was the bottom of
the nest of many nests for each year
the birds had reinforced the old home
with new twigs blta 'of string and pa-
per. 7"ow Uie ragged remains of the
nest clung defiantly tothe stems of tho
"You poor things l" sympathized
"Mew-w-w-w-w " warned the .birds
as they flew away In a circle to return
Sally heeded the warning ntd turned.
Some one wns standing near by look-
ing at her with an embarrassed smile.
It wns ItobertI
"Sally" he said biting his lip "I
came back to ask you why you didn't
answer my letter."
"Letter? What letter?" Sally was
clearly amazed; her color rose nnd her
eyes shone. "There wns no letter here
whenvou went away nor since."
"Hnvo you really looked for one
"Ves" she confessed.
"I left one there years ago I asked
you to marry me and because I could
not bear to hnve you say no I told you
not to reply If you didn't love me."
"I never received such a letter"
"I put It In the hollow and when
I found no reply I went away without
seeing you dear."
Sally stood with downcast eyes and
aching heart. How could she convince
Itobert that she had never received tho
letter? He was looking at Sally then
his gaze passed her nnd saw the re-
mains of the old old nesL There was
something familiar sticking out of Uie
He rushed forward and pulled the
sticks apart. .From the bottom he
pulled out a wet and torn envelope It
was thin and weather-beaten the Ink
wns faded and pale but the agitated
catbirds who had appropriated the let-
ter so long ngo saw It putted from the
old nest lair two young heads close
together rending the long-delayed mes-
sage and saw the happy ending.
HUNTING THAT HAS THRILLS
Night Shooting In the Jungle Would
Seem to" Furnish Excitement
Enough for Anyone.
Night shooting says a big-game
hunter In the Wide World Magazine
provides a form of excitement entirely
Its own and should only be Indulged
In by real gluttons or those of a sui-
cidal tendency. Of course by tills Is
not meant the "slttlng-up-a-tree" kind
of shooting but the "on foot" wny.
Bull elephants have a pernicious habit
of coming Into native gardens In the
night eating the growing crops and
smashing up as much as they can.
Tli en It Is that the Intrepid hunter can
go out If he wishes to do battle with
One or two points are worth remem-
bering: Noises at night nre magnified
to a high degree. Field mice sound
like herds of heavy-footed beasts; nnd
wild pigs nre as often as not mistaken
for the elephents themselves. A lot
of time can be wasted with one's heart
In one's mouth carefully stnlklng thnt
sound with eyw searching for that
huge bulk one expects to see looming
up In the darkness. Then something
happens nt your very feet with awful
clatter that makes you Imagine the
next moment will be your last but It's
After this one hears the elephnnt
scmnchlng the crops nnd moves
towanl It to find It not there though
every other animal In creation seems
to be making ear-splitting noises.
Vegetation and Floods.
Attention has been Invited to what
Is regarded us an Important Illustra-
tion of the sure results of deforesta-
tion In the Appalachians. Near a town
In Tennessee the roasting nnd smelt-
ing of copper ores have entirely de-
stroyed the vegetation over a consid-
erable area nnd left the ground per-
fectly bare. Consequent surface ero-
sion Is rapidly removing the soil nnd
the slopes nre scarred with gullies
the waste from the steep slopes has
burled the former surface along tho
streamlets so that neither slope nor
narrow flood plain Is of any vnluo for
agriculture or grazing. Floods on
these streams rise higher nnd more
rapidly thnn In fonner times while In
dry seasons springs once perennial go
dry and others almost cease flowing.
Turnips In Jerusalem.
A Scottish farmer met his minister
one day nnd said: "I see ye hao got
back frae the holy land sir."
"Yes John" wns the reply "back
again safe and sound as you see."
"Man I've often thocht" said the
farmer "I wad like to hear o' thnt
place frae ane who has seen tho coun-
try." "Well wns the reply "J saw Leb-
anon Jerusalem Jericho nnd the Jor-
dan nnd wns up Mount "
"Kxcuse mo Interrupting you" snld
the farmer "but If It's n fair question
boo were the turnips Iookln doyn
about Jordan an the Dead sea?" Lon-
Smith hnvlng learned from an oblig-
ing neighbor that his wife was at a
movie with another man rushed to the
theater and nppeuled to the manager
for assistance. The latter wishing to
preserve tho public peace and his own
patronage went out to the stage and
"There Is present in the audience a
man with someone else's wife. I wish
to avoid rcandnl nnd so will Imve the
theater darkened while this couple
The lights were put out and half ol
the audience rose to depart. Kansas.
" " -"nAUi-vnoJrimCMHi
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 35, No. 46, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 19, 1923, newspaper, April 19, 1923; Beaver, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69459/m1/2/: accessed November 15, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.