The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 34, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 4, 1922 Page: 4 of 10
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THE BEAVER HERALD HEAVER OKLAHOMA
Driver Immediately Begins to
Realize That There Is Some-
SEARCH UNNECESSARY NOISES
Click and Slaps of Valve May Da De.
tected by Rhythmical regularity
Cause of Several Other
One of tlio greatest enemies of the
modem motorcnr Ih vibration. The ef-
fect of vlhrntlon In to loosen the vurl-
our pnrts of tho mechanism mid the.
Immediate effect of this Is felt by tho
driver of Iho enr who realizes thnt
Ms enr Is beginning to bo tho sent of
numberless noises which ore n fur
from jilensnnt ncoompnnlment to n
flrle. Hut the noises uro only tho be-
ginning bocniiso the looseness that
onuses tho nolso will result In break-
age nt no (jlstant date If It Is per-
'milted to continue. The car owner
therefore should tnUp enghio unil
chassis noises not ns mere passing nn-
noynncps but us symptoms of some-
thing far moro serious and should ear-
nestly hunt them down Just ns soon
us they innko their presenco known.
Engine Seat of Trouble.
The engine Is the" sent of tho greater
pnrt of tho unnecessary noises that
seem Inevitable In tho operation of the
cur. Tho commonest engine noises nre
valve clicks nnd ships both of which
may be detected by tho rhythmical
regularity of their occurrence.
Tho renson for noisy genr operation
Is too grcnt clenranco between the
valvo nnd Its seat. In the caso of over-
head valves too grent n clearance be-
tween lifter nnd push rod will cause
tho trouble. Thu remedy Is obviously
the reduction of tho clearance to tho
correct distance and this work should
bo done whllo tho ctiKlne Is heated
because of the expansion f metal
when hentcd In which condition tho
ynlves necessnrlly run.
Whllo tho vnlvo system Is tho com-
monest sent of nolso troubles In tho
engine It Is not the solo location where
this trouble may bo looked for. The
benrliiRs In most engines are of soft
nietnl which must bo kept copiously
lubricated or It will burn nnd llutten
out with n knock ns tho result. The
ordinary remedy for this Is to tnke up
the bearing by removing tho shim be-
tween tho two halves or elso to trim
tho metnl on the movnblo part. Cure
must bo used In performing this opera-
tion to see that tho bearing touches
tho slinft all around without being too
rteiian for Many Noliei.
Transmission noises nro not at all
uncommon nnd generally result from
ono of tho shafts being out of lino by
renson of n worn bearing or n binding
gear. Sometimes tho entire transmis-
sion Is out of line so that both shafts
are out of truo. Very often n gear
mny bo broken because tho shaft has
been out of line. Tho cor owner has
i n new one Installed but this does not
help for long because the entire unit
! out of alignment.
Propeller shaft end unlvrrsnl Joints
ro nrW usually troublesome through
noisy opcrnlloii Jmt tho rear nxle fre-
quently Is. While tho driving pinion
.nnd differential master gear are not
running true thero will be n loud hum
with nn accent or stress onco In a
revolution. Most units have some
menus of adjusting to tuko up wear
In this location tho adjustment con-
sisting of moving tho entire differential
unit which Is n Job for expert hands.
This finishes the major noises but
thero ore several minor ones to look
out for. Minor squeaks and rattles
from springs and body come In this
clnss. The springs and shackles If
kept properly lubricated will not be-
come noisy Ilody noises may be
avoided by keeping nuts and bolts
tightly drawn up. I-Vlt Inserts will
stop door squeaks. Strips of rubber
wodged under tho supports will cure
FOR CHILD IN AUTO
But Little Material Needed for
Hammock Takes Up Room Usually
Occupied by Third Person Riding
In Rear Seat and Is Eaelly At-
tached or Detached.
Sir screen-door springs a barrel
hoop and a yard of heavy cloth were
the materials necessary to make a
buby's hammock for the auto tonnesu
which gives useful service nnd com-
fort. The hammock takes the place ol
tho third person In the rear seat as
shown. It can be quickly attached or
detached nnd swings baby safo from
Jolting Tho hoop was from a barrel
10 Inches In diameter and was cut In
half each half holding ono end of thu
hammock. These half hoops wcro held
ISO Inches npnrt by means of heavy
The Baby Is Thoroughly Comfortable
on Dally Auto Alrlnge When Reeling
In the Hammock.
cloth sewed to them. Attached to each
half hoop are three screen-door
springs cut the right length to hold
the hammock In a nearly horizontal
position when the baby Is not In It.
Tho springs lire wired to a ring nt
each end and the rings slip over hooks
at tho supports. When baby nnd the
pillows nro placed In the hammock It
sags down Jimt enough to be comfort-
table. Tho blanket mid pillows can be
plnced to cover the springs also thus
accommodating a larger child. 1'opu.
lar .Mechunlcs Magazine.
1 CLEAR VISION IS GIVEN
To obtain n clenr view nhend E
through tho glass of the wind- 5
shield In rainy nnd snowy wenth- E
E or Is vitally Important to tho Z
E safety of the motor car and Its E
E occupants. Many schemes nro E
E used '.o keep tho glnss clear In S
E wot weather but perhaps the E
old-fn9hloned alcohol and glyc- E
E crlu mixture which ts carried
E In a Binnll bottle nnd rubbed E
E on tho glass as needed. Is best. E
E If tho bottle containing the solu- E
tlon Is wrapped In a cloth nnd E
E stowed away In tho sldo pocket E
j It will always be ready for use E
E nod a cloth to apply It with will E
E bo at hand. E
Oil the spark and throttle lever con-
nections at Intervals.
Common stove polish will keep the
rims In good condition.
Tho right temperature for the motor
to run Is about 140 degrees Fahren-
heit. A new owner of an automobile when
seurcldng for trouble often createi
more than he fluds.
The metal surfoces of the wheel
splndlo should be greased when mak-
ing u change of wlro wheels.
I'oor compression Is tho cause of an
engine using nn excessive amount of
oil und gasoline.
When painting the radiator uso a
thin dead-black paint. Dull black ra-
diates the heat more effectively than
GRAVEYARD FOR ARISTOCRATIC AUTOS
kVMeVr ''isiSiSiSiSiSiSiSBnKiEuMiBlBBBBBBBBYttlliMMh'' i p
llavo you ever wondered what lias happened to that good old bus of yours
with which you parted when you got the slilny now one The photograph shows
a graveyard for old aristocratic Washington horseless carriages. Many of
them have served faithfully lu the best of families yet now In their old age
are left unprotected to tho ravages of the eleiucuU.
WAR MATERIAL MADE USEFUL
Ingenious and Economical Ueee of 8ur.
plue Supplies Made In Construe-
tlon of Highways.
tPrepred bjr the United State Depertraeat
Army ambulances have been con-
verted to survey cars for use In road
building; water sprinklers changed to
machines for spraying whitewash on
poles nlong state highways; bomb-
proof shelters now house road-making
tools nnd explosives such are some
of the pence-time conversions of sur-
plus war mntcrlali turned over to the
states through the Department of Ag-
riculture by authority of the congress
and now playing a part In extending
nnd perfecting tho nntlonul highways.
Ileports from many states to tho
bureau of public roads. United States
Department of Agriculture through
which ngency the surplus mntcrlal was
distributed tell of the Ingenious nnd
economical uses of these supplies
tnlued nt 50000000. Among the
chief Items thus distributed nrc lenrly
30.000 minor vehicles and nenrly $12-
000000 worth of spare parts. In their
orlglnul form tho motortrucks were
generally not suited for road construe-
tlon purposes on account of tho shape
and size of their bodies which were
designed especially for army use but
llnj majority of the trucks have been
Steel Ralle Being Made Use Of for
Dragging a Road.
altered by substituting dump bodies
and hoisting devices for the cargo and
ammunition bodies with which they qre
Idaho has converted the steel am-
munition bodies Into bottom-dump
bodies; Maine has removed the cargo
bodies from tho chassis and changed
them Into dump bodies by pivoting
them near the rear end and add-
ing n hoisting device; Arizona has cut
the bottoms of tho bodies In half from
froht to back and then used the sides
for a new bottom and the two halves
of the bottom for the new sides. Near-
ly all tho states In which tlPero Is a
snow problem have utilized a portion
of their truck allotment to push snow
plows In winter and ninny have con-
verted tho trucks Into serviceable
RUSH OF PRELIMINARY WORK
There Will De No Delay In Highway
Construction by Enactment of
New Federal Act.
Highway construction will not bo
delayed by the requirements of the
new federal highway act. The federal
highway system will consist of roads
not exceeding 7 per cent of the total
In any state designated by tho state
and approved by tho secretary of ag-
riculture. Work Is being rushed by
all the hlchwuv denartments on the
"trojiaratlon of maps of the proposed
system but naturally such an Impor-
tant matter will tako some llttlo time
and consideration. The government
authorities will Insist that Important
through routes meet nt stats lines
which will requlro conferences be-
tween authorities of different slates.
In order that work will not be
delayed pending the approval of each
state system tho secretary of agri-
culture has amended the rules and
regulations for federal aid to permit
the Immediate construction of such
roads as It may reasonably bo antici-
pated will become part of thosystem.
State highway oltlclnls are being
advised that the anticipated route of
which the road to be built Is n part
should bo as long as practicable pref-
erably entirely across the state. A
map must be submitted showing the
route other possible routes nnd con-
necting routes. If this Is found sat-
isfactory tho project will bo approved
for Immediate construction.
Tho State of Washington submitted
on December UT the first complete
state system and others are expected
lu a Bhort time.
Penalty for Overloading.
Tho penalty for overloading any
commercial motor vehicle tractor
trailer or semi-trailer beyond the gross
weight of the vehicle In Now Jersey Is
not less than $100 nor more than $250
for the first offense and for any subse-
quent offenso not less than $230 nor
more tliun $500.
Cater to Market Demands.
Before changing breeds of poultry It
Is well to confer with the buyers on
the local market and learn what breed
Meets with most favor with them.
MAKV G&M-1AM. BCiNNER.
- corrfctMi it vuimm MVVtsu vaa
"I've always been so glad" said Mr.
Short-Tnlled Shrew "that my name
was so different from the names of
"It wouldu't be nearly so Interesting
to be uumed anything else us It Is to
be known as u short-tailed shrew.
There Is something so unusual und at-
tractive about tho name.
"Don't you think so too?"
"I ngrce with you but then of
course I would agree with you natural-
ly us my namo Is the same" sufd Mrs.
"We're not very sociable as a rule
but you and I arc pretty sociable ut
present" Mr. Short-Tulled Shrew con-
tinued. "Do you know I wonder If people
know how helpful wo nro to them?"
nsked Mrs. Short-Tnlled Shrew.
"I mn sure I don't know" suld Mr.
Short-Tnlled Shrew. "Why do you
"Well I hope thnt they do and I
hope they will learn It more and more
or rather that more nnd moro people
will learn that the little short-tailed
shrew or mole shrew ns he Is some-
times known does everything he can
to help people.
"He eats Insects nnd bugs which ore
harmful und Is never unythlng but nice1
In his notions.
"He has u great deal of courage
and though he can hardly sec nt all he
will fight bravely If he bus to even If
ho can't see tho enemy who Is attack-
"Of course his sense of smell Is very
keen and strong and he can rush this
PEAS WIN FAVOR
Intermediate Variety Bear Better
When Given Support of Low
Brush or Wire.
"Others by Streams."
way and that by feeling and by smell.
"He can see' light from dark but ho
hasn't much to boast of In the wny of
eyesight or eyes.
"Some of us arc fond of living In
the forests others by streams others
again by tlelds. We're not In the leust
"Wo burrow In the ground und have
fine runways where wo go from place
"Our homes are beautiful with a
number of rooms papered and car-
peted by soft grass and leaves.
"Wo est more In u day than we
weigh. That Is If anyone weighed tho
amount of food wo ate In u day they
would And that we were much smaller
In size than the-quautlty of food we
"lint It doesn't hurt us for we are
so active always so busy. We do not
even rest und sleep In the winter the
way some creatures do.
"That Is I mean we do not go to
sleep for the winter.
"We have very keen sense of hear-
ing. "Oh yes we cun bear very well.
"Hut I must say I have no use for
creatures who eat all the time and"
who are lazy. We must eat a lot In
order to have the strength to do so
"And we must do a lot ih order to
be nble to eat a lot I I don't like to
hear of creatures who eat and eat und"
eat und who then feel ton Inzy to do
anything. Thnt Is dreadful.
"We can protect ourselves by our
bravery and also by our musk glands
which liavo a curious odor to them
which the other animals do not like
we uro thankful to say.
"Wo can squeak and cry and we
enn become very angry. Hut we're not
dreadful little creatures at all and I
do wish people would hear that we
"Perhaps they will" suld Mr. Short-
Tailed Shrew. "And perhnps tho next
time they see a little dark nnlmal
which looks something like u mole
they will say:
"'There Is n nice short-tailed shrew.
We will not harm him.'"
"Oh that would be pleasant Indeed"
said Mrs. Short-Talled Shrew "Well
I believe we have talked enough. I
have plenty to do nnd thn I don't
bother much nhout being sociable nnd
talking my time uway."
"Neither do I" said Mr. Short-
Tailed Shrew ns he wiggled his snout
which wns his way of saying n polite
good-by to Mrs. Short-Tnlled Shrew.
Horse'e Perilous Trip.
City Point Ilelfnst Me. wns re-
cently electrified by a regulur cir-
cus fent when Itobtn a chestnut horso
owned by Fred A Holmes attached
to a Jieuvy rack used for hauling
barrels crossed the long open single
trestle of tho railroad bridge. The
driver was taken sick as the team
approached the bridge and the horse
accepting the path as a purt of the
day's work carefully placing his feet
on the Ice-covered stringers crossed
over to solid ground. Boston Qlobc.
SEEDS FOR IMPURITY
Heavy Losses to Growers During
Past Two Years.
LITTLE MARVEL IS SUPERIOR
Best Plan to Depend on 8uccetelon
Planting a Week or Ten Days Apart
Rotation Is Alio of Much
The very finest qunllty peas at the
present time are neither strictly
speaking dwarfs nor arc they tall.
They are Intermediate and while they1
may be grown as dwnrfs and without
brushing they bear better when given
the support of low brush or a narrow
strip of chicken wire. These nre the
Qrudus nnd Laxton types of pen
which vary from UO Inches to nlmo-it
four feet nccordlng to vnrlety. All
do better with support although com-
monly grown ns dwnrfs. They give a
heavier yield when held upright.
Wrinkled Type Superior.
Of tlfc very cnrly pens of the wrln-
it led type which Is much superior to
the earliest smooth-seeded type Lit-
tle Marvel still holds n high place
among really dwarf peas the vines
being only about eighteen Inches. It
matures In eight weeks nnd Is verj
hnrdy nnd of tho finest qunllty. A
little earlier Is Market Surprises
Alaska and Maud S. smooth-seeded
pens still remain the earliest of all
of good qunllty If taken very young
but not equal to the wrinkled vari-
eties which are not so hardy and can-
not bo planted or cropped so cnrly.
It Is possible with the variety of
peas now on tho market to plan a
good succession planting stnrtlng with
Alaska Surprise I.lttle Marvel Grad-
us I.nxtonlnn nnd Thnmns Lnxton.
However It Is better to depend up-
on a successlonal planting a week or
tun days apart ns the scaspn may be
snch as to bring the cropping of dif-
ferent peas too close together at ma-
turity If planted nt the same time.
The planting of peas In double rows
six Inches npnrt these double rows to
be three feet npart Is about right for
the more dwarf varieties but If the
more vigorous growing dwarfs are to
be planted they will need at least four
feet between the rows unless they are
given brush or wire.
Tho round seeded pens enn go Into
the ground as soon ns It enn be dug
but It Is best to wnlt n week or two
for the wrinkled varieties to be on
the safe side.
Rotation la Necessary
The peas should not be planted this
year lu the same position that they
occupied last year. Neither should
Bureau of Plant Industry Conducting
Experiments In Florida to De.
terming Presence of Mangel
(Prepared by the Unlttd Statea Department
Because of the heavy losses ex-
perienced by beet sugar companies
during the past two years through tha
presence of mangel wurzel or stock
beet seed In the Imported sugar-beet
seed the bureau of plant Industry of
the United States Department of Ag-
riculture Is making growing tests of
samples of such seeds Tho tests are
being mndo In Florida In the open
ulr. Lots of Imported seed have been
sent by beet-sugar companies for test-
Method of Brushing Peas.
they be placed In ground occupied the
previous season by beans for best re-
sults. A gardener should study his
garden plan each year with an eye to
moving the peas and beans across the
garden so that they will not occupy
the same space In succeeding years.
Of course heavy fertilizing partly
makes up for the oxhaustlng of the
soil but It cannot wholly do so. These
two vegetables tako more out of the
soil than tho others and It Is more
necessary to see that they rotate.
SAN JOSE SCALE INCREASING
Lime Sulphur and Scaleclde Must Be
Applied If Orchard Trees
Are to Be Saved.
During the last two or three years
a good many people In the North with
home orchards have believed that the
San Jose scale wns becoming extinct.
As u matter of fact the sleet which
persisted so long on the trees the win-
ter of four years ago suffocated the
scale Jast as does the lime-sulphur
spray wnen npplled. After thnt win-
ter ninny old trees revived nnd hnvo
grown well since then. Now the scale
Is catching up ngntn and unless we
have another such sleet lime-sulphur
nnd scnleclde will have to be put on
If the trees are to be saved. A still
dny Is nn (deal time to spray with
llmc-sulphur because It Is easier to
reach all parts of tho tree when there
ts no wind.
KEEP RECORDS OF PLANTING
Enables Gardener to Recall Earliest
and Latest Varieties In Planting
Oardeners should keep records of
planting dates and maturity of certain
varieties of vegetables so that they
may recall the earliest tho latest and
the mid-season .varieties when plant-
ing time comes: This Information will
save trouble and enable one to plant
so the table mny be supplied during
tfi growing season.
Loading Beets for Shipment to Factory
at Owoiio Mich.
Ing. When nny of these samples are
found to contain stock beet seed the
senders will be notified before plant-
Similar tests made In tho green-
houses during the past year made pos-
sible the location of mixtures con-
taining stock beets of red or orange-
colored varieties. It has been found
that whlte-fleshed varieties of stock
beets cannot be determined through
germination tests alone but must be
grown to a considerable size beforo
their distinguishing characteristics are
discernible. That the heavy losses ex-
perienced during the past two years
due to this cause constitute a strong
argument for the development of an
American-grown supply of sugnr-beet
seed sufficient fox' tho needs of our
beet Industry Is tho belief of the
officials working on the problem.
UISTROY LAST YEAR'S PESTS
Excellent Plan to Remove All Stalks
and Burn Them Aehee Make
In getting ready to make garden this
spring It Is an excellent plan to see
that all the stalks of last year's vege-
tables which may have been left stand-
ing are removed and burned.
In the first place the ashes will make
god fertilizer as tho stems of nearly
nil vegetables contain excellent ferti-
lizing material In their ash and an
even more Important consideration Is
that by removing nnd destroying them
the Insect pests are likely to be
Many Insect pests find refuge under
boards among the dried leaves or
stalks over winter. Often the spore-j
of fungus dlsenses which create havoc
aro only waiting In these old Btems to
get Into action with balmy weather.
Ily burning the refuse a great quantity
of them will be destroyed.
PREPARING POTATO SEED BED
Select Best Piece of Land and Put It
In Qood 8hape Clover Sod
It pays to hnvo the potato ground
In good shapo. Select the best piece
of ground you have. You arc putting
more money Into the seed than for
nny other farm crop nnd probnbly
more Into the cultivation too nnd so
you should hnvo the best land. Clover
sod makes tho best potnto ground. Old
blue grass sod Is all right If plowed
deep enough nnd worked up In good
shnpe Timothy sod Is not good. Avoid
fresh mnnure; it produces senb.
TRODUCTS THAT PAY FARMER
Profitable to Raise Less Major Crops
and Devote More Time to
Poultry and Dairy
Rather thnn raise staple crcps that
connot be sold nt even co3t of produc-
tion It will bo wise to dvoto less time
to mnjor fnrm crops nna more labor
to preparing to Increase poultry nnd
dairy products. There seems to he
at nil times active demand for poultry
apd dairy products nt prices that pay
well for labor and InycstmenL
FERTILIZER INCREASES YIELD
However It Does Not Correct Poor
Preparation of Soil or Lack
Commercial fertilizer has Increased
yields and at a profit. Hut do not
expect' the fertilizer to take the place
of poor preparation or lack of humus
In tho soil. A good seedbed with suffi-
cient humus nre requirements for
profitable returns on commercial fer
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 34, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 4, 1922, newspaper, May 4, 1922; Beaver, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69410/m1/4/: accessed February 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.