The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 33, No. 17, Ed. 1, Thursday, September 23, 1920 Page: 2 of 8
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THE BEAVER HERALD. BEAVER OKLAHOMA
OPEN-AIR MARKETS FOR CLUB
PRODUCE STIMULATES DEMAND
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Two Junior Star Saleswomen at the Lincoln (Neb.) Boys and Girls' Car-
den Club Market
At Lincoln Noli. tliorc Is n boys
and girls' garden club tlint has creat-
ed a new departure In tho marketing of
garden products. Tho members of tho
club 1000 Rtrong produced moro
Kurden fruits uud vegetables tbnn
tbey could use. How could they dls-
Ioro of tlio (surplus crop? An open-
ulr market was suggested. Tliu board
of trade And chamber of commerce
favored tbo plan nnd n Sntunlay
morning open-nir mnrliet wus createi.
At first tbo business men of Lin-
coln complained Hint It would Inter-
Zero with tho regularly established
j)roduco trndo; Inter tbey lenrned tlmt.
on tbo contrary tlio boys mid girls'
Saturday market created n InrRer de-
' wand for producu during tlio week
and tbey nro now eutbUKliiHtlc over tbo
arrangement. Tktit open-air mnrket
Iiiih becomo n regular factor In tlio
economic scheme of things nt Lincoln
mid curiously enough 85 per cent of
tbe members of tbe club aro girls
It may be popularly believed that
tbo marketing end of farm production
should bo conducted by tbo men. Tlmt
may bo truo with regard to some com-
modities but marketing experts of
tbo department of agriculture main-
tain tlmt sometimes women arc better
qualified to bandlo tbo marketing
work In connection with poultry
eggs and canned products. Tbo pro-
duction of poultry and eggs Is largely
matter attended to by farm women.
Canning U left entirely to tbo women.
This Youngster Finds the Marketing
of Garden Produce a Profitable Oust
If farm products can be marketed to
best advantage by those who have the
greatest Intimacy with them does It
not follow that tbo department's con-
tention Is correct?
Several hundred thousand gallons of
tipples nro used In Spokane Wash.
each year In the mnnufneturo of bak-
ers' pies. Two years ago 130000 gal-
lons of apples annually were shipped
ito Spokano from tbo state of New
York. Today although the demand
Is greater tbo quantity of Imported
tipples has been reduced considerably
for tbo demand Is supplied nt homo.
Xhut accomplishment wns made possi-
ble by 70 young girls girls between
'tho ages of ten mid eighteen who
knew that thousands of gallons of cull
npplcs wero going to waste on farms
In tho vicinity of Spokane. Through
tho assistance of tho United States de-
partment of agriculture and Washing-
ton state agencies a girls' canning
club was formed will: tho result that
these small camiers are furnishing
Spokane bakers with n largo part of
their cauued-apple supplies. Not only
do theso young girls attend to tbo
work of canning but they handle the
cntlro transaction from start to finish.
Learning Better Methods.
It .Is conservatively estlmntedtliat
65 per cent of the membership of hoys
und girls'- club work throughout tbo
nation consists of girls. Within u few-
years tho majority of those girls will
take their pluces ns American farm
women. They aro now In their teens
studying and working out problems
tbut will confront them later on. And
while they nro doing that tbey nro
learning the fundamental principles In
scientific production and marketing
methods that must supplant thoso be-
ing used at present In order to meet
the Increasing food requirements of
Tbo grown-ups would do well to
emulate tl.vlr example. On every hand
nro Instances vlre by the use of Im-
proved methods boys nnd girls are se-
curing larger crop results with a min-
imum of effort imd by proper grad-
ing packing u ml innrkotlng methods
receiving n maximum of reward for
Some of the finest eggs In tho coun-
try are produced In Kansas nnd Colo-
rado through the activities of boys
and girls. Hois and girls In every
state are prize winners for dairy beef
nnd pork production. In New Jersey
through proper grading and packing
methods tho boys nnd girls generally
top the egg markets by nt least 0 cents
n dozen. When eggs wero SO cents n
dozen In Massachusetts Inst year tin
eggs marketed by boys and girls' clubs
brought 51 n dozen because of their
superior quality. Hoys and girls'
poultry generally sells at a higher
price than the prevailing market level.
A Young Business Woman.
There tire many Individual Instances
of notable achievements by boys nnd
girls. Ono Is that of a tlfteen-yeur-old
girl In Massachusetts who marketed
about .1000 cans of high-grade fruits
and vegetables last year. Tho prod-
ucts wero so well put up that tho Col-
ony club of Springfield Muss. desired
to contract for tbe entire output. At
tfctj present time this young woman
has difficulty In meeting her orders
which cnlt for 0000 cans of produce
this year. There Is n potential busi-
ness woman who Is destined to be ono
of America's highest types of useful
CARPET GRASS LIKES
Seed May Be Sown Any Time
. Till After Midsummer.
Method of .Seeding Often Used Is to
Cut Grass With Mature Seed and
Scatter Hay Over Land Where
a .Pasture Is Desired.
Uncultivated fund enrpet grnss suc-
ceeds host 'on a well-tinned seed bed.
The seed may bo sown nny time from
early spring till nfter midsummer
when the moisture conditions nre fa-
vorable. To secure a full stand of tbo
grass promptly wied should bo sown
nt tho rote rt ten pounds per acre. A
method nt feeding that has often been
used Is to cut grnss witli. mature seed
mid .scatter the hay over tho land
where It wns desired to estnbllsh cur-pet-gniss
To establish carpet-grass pasture
In open forests or on cut-over Innd
without going to tho expense of clear-
ing the standing trees should bo dead-
ened by girdling. The hind to bo
seeded should bo burned over In win-
ter In order to remove nil tho tall
straw or broom sedge wire gross and
other hunch grasses. Plowing or disk-
ing Is not necessary. Carpet gross nt
the rote of live pounds per ncre may
then be sown nt nny time after tho
weather becomes warm but preferably
when thero Is nmplo moisture.
Tanners' Hulletln 1130 on "Carpet
Grass" may bo had free upon request
of tho United States department of ag-
rlculture Washington D. C.
COTTONSEED MEAL FOR FEED
Superior for Work Horses and Mules
but It Must Be Fed Sparingly
Cottonseed meal makes a fine feed
for work horses nnd mules but It mast
be fed sparingly. Experiments show
thot one pound per day for each 1000
pounds of live weight of the horse Is n
safe amount to feed.
Why not grow more alfalfa?
Itule for taking care of machinery t
Keep It lubricated adjusted and
As a crop to sow In wheat or oal
stubble cowticas should not be forgotten.
It lit a pleasant thine to reflect upon
that every bnby born Into the world
Is a liner one than tho last. "Nicholas
WHAT SHALL WE HAVE TO EAT
When there Is a cupful or two loft
of baked or boiled fish try :
Turban of Flsh.-rScnld
92 flnu lu"' om'-mlt cupfuls
PHZ "f u"k with one slice of
9NH onion n blade of' mace
ISfcH n)l1 " 8Pr'? of parsley;
KJHj remove tbe seasonings.
Pj33 Melt one-fourth of u cup-
R. vifl fu' f butter ndd the
-2 2y same amount of flour
hnlf n tenspoonful of
salt a few flashes of cayenne then
add the scalded milk gradually and
two well-beaten yolks. Put n layer of
fish on n buttered dish sprinkle with
Milt find pepper nnd ndd a few drops
of lemon Juice. Cover with sauce
continuing with the fish and snucc
shaping lu n pyramid form. Cover
with buttered crumbs nnd brown In n
Macaroni and Cheese In the Flreless
Cooker. Holl one cupful of mncnronl
fifteen minutes milling one teaspoon-
ful of salt to n quart of boiling wnter.
Itinse drain nnd place In n casserole.
Fill tfle dish with milk stir In one
tahlespoonful of Hour cooked In two
tqble.spoonfuls of butter long enough
to blend It. Add one cupful of groted
clieeso nnd sprinkle thickly with pnp-
rlkn. l'nck In n cooker between two
moderately heated radiators using
ono radiator ns a cover to tho cas-
serole. Ilnko ono and one-hnlf hours.
Do not hent tho stones too hot or tho
dish will be baked hard nnd dry.
Salmon Box. Line n bread pan
slightly buttered with wnrm cooked
rice well seasoned cooking It In broth
of milk If possible. Skim milk will do
nicely. Till tbo center with cold-
boiled salmon linked nnd seasoned
with salt pepper nnd n slight grating
of nutmeg. Cover with rice and steam
onq hour. Turn out on n hot platter
nnd surround with nil egg sauce. The
egg sauce Is n simple drawn butter
sauce to which tbe benten yolks of two
eggs nro added with n tcaspoonful of
Fred Egg Plant. Poro nnd cut In
thin slices. Pile the slices on n pint-
tcr sprinkling ench slice with salt
cover' with n plate and weight. Let
stand one hour drain rinse each
sllco In cold wnter "dip In beaten egg
then In seasoned crumbs nnd fry un-
Auirust brlnRS the snowy lilies.
Clad In robes of spotless white
Wnlklns llko a queen among them
As she (lines them left and right;
Lilies pure and lovely crown her.
And her dress In every fold
Wears the semblance of a Illy
In Its dream of white and sold.
SEASONABLE GOOD THINGS.
Kor the beginning of n dinner n soup
of some kind Is nlwnys In Fenson ; hot
or cold they ndd
to tho meat.
Take six ctipfuls
of chicken broth
ndd one cupful
of com pulp nnd
half n ninfnl nt
cold chicken cut very fine. Season
with salt pepper nnd celery salt. Sim-
mer half nu hour then ndd a tnble-
tpoonful of butter nnd half n cupful
of millc. llrlng to the boiling point
and serve. This soup may bo thick-
ened with egg yolk making It moro
Lamb In Aspic Make n highly sea-
soned soup stock of vegetables broth
or beef extract uslug n package of
gelatine for each quart of stock. Soak
the gelatine nnd ndd to the hot stock;
stir until dissolved. Illnso n plain
mold In cold wnter nnd pour In n lay-
er of tho aspic Jelly keeping tho re-
mainder warm. When the. Jelly In tbo
mold Is congealed but not hard cover
with thin slices of cold roast lamb
and sprinkle with mint sauce. Cover
with more Jelly and repent when tho"
Jell)- hardens. Continue until tho dish
Is full hnvjng Jelly on top. Set on
Ico to harden.
Veal Croquettes. Chop cold cooknl
vcnl very tine. Season with salt pop-
per grated onion paprika and n little
tomnto catsup. Hind with raw egg
or a very Uttlo thick cream Miuce.
Shape Into croquettes dip In egg nnd
crumbs nnd fry In deep fat
Raspberry Charlotte. Take two
cupfulK of fresh raspberries or canned
will do tho Juice of half n lemon four
ladynncors. rolled lmo-crnmhs nnd
tho whites of four eggs beaten stiff;
mix lightly nnd pour Into n buttered
baking dish nnd linke 23 minutes.
Serve with a thin custard sauce
Swiss Eggs. Spread n stoneware
platter with butter and lay on It very
thin slices of cheese. Sprinkle with
nutmeg and salt then break over this
enough eggs to serve the family l'our
over n half cupful of cream sprinkle
TO PROTECT ALUMINUM.
To protect aluminum nnd aluminum
alloys from corrosion snys tho Jour-
nnl of Industrial and Engineering
Chemistry L. von Grotthuss has tried
browning tho metal electrolytlcally.
jly using this method tho aluminum
may be bent or roltetl without tho
coating. Aluminum thus treated wus
Immersed In n salt solution for two
months without showing tho slightest
troco of corrosion. Chemical Hound
with salt nnd bake until the eggs an
firm. Serve from. the platter.
A commonplace life we say and we
Tet why do we slc ns we sayf
Tho commonplace sun In the com-
Strikes up the commonptace day.
The moon and the stofs arecommon-
Tbs (lower that blooms and th bird
Hut sad were tbe world and dark the
If tho (lowers failed and the sun shone
And Ood who sees each separate soul.
Out of commonplace lives makes his
FOOD FOR THE ILL
Indigestion stomach trouble of vari-
ous kinds ns well as Intestinal troubles
have so many
forms nnd cnuses
thnt It Is Duver
i-afe to trust one's
own Ideas In re-
gard to tho kind
of food ono
should eat A
glvo a list of tho
It Is safe to eat;
prohahlo that toast
however It Is
which Is lightly toasted on the out-
side soft and full of moisture Insldo
Is unwholesome for the most healthy
stoihach. Toast should bo made of
bread at least two days old cut one-
half Inch thick nnd dried for a few
:u.ouients In the oven to remove nny
moisture then .while still hot from the
oven slowly toasted n golden brown.
Too many cooks serve toast by the
recipe given by the small boy "toast
bread until black then scrapo It nt
the kitchen sink."
I'ggs milk nnd combinations of eggs
and milk when carefully prepared In
regard to tbo oncWho Is to eat the
dish are foods which will be taken
Custards of nil kinds cooked Just
long enough to bo smooth nnd velvety
nro not monotonous though served
Fried foods of nil kinds should bo
eliminated as they aro especially hard
Fruit Juices Jellies .gelatine dishes
and sen mpss nre desserts which may
bo commonly served In ordinary cases.
Applo Custard. Take flyo well-
beaten eggs ndd a quart of milk and
ono pint of strained apple sauce.
Sweeten and 'flavor to taste and bake
carefully until firm. Set tbo pan of
custard Into n pan of hot water to
Wlthfn each beating human heart
Lie burled out of sight
Tho thoughts that throb like things
And wait to And the light
From depths unseen the heart's own
Bends forth Its Howers like golden-
rod. Ida Scott Taylor.
SOME GOOD SUMMER SALADS.
In no senson of tho year nre snlnds
ns much enjoyed ns during the wnrm
weather w hen
tbe nppctlto Ings
nnd crisp frosh
things nre most
bers nnd toma
toes Into dice saving tho Juice. Sea-
son with grated onion pepper nnd
salt. Dissolve half n package of gela-
tin to two cupfuls of liquid ndd to
tho vegetable Juices stir until well
mixed cool cut In cubes nnd servo In
tomato cups with mnyonunlse.
String Beans. Wnsh tho beans nnd
put them to cook with n little bacon
fnt stirring and cooking for flvo min-
utes then ndd n very llttlo wnter set
back where they can simmer adding
n very smnll amount of water when
needed. Senson nnd cook for two
hours. Serve hot with curled Jjacon.
Steamed Radishes. CookHfwIthout
peeling the rodlshes nnd If smnll
leavo whole. Serve In n whlto sauce
using plenty of seasoning. If boiled
uso very llttlo water and reserve It
for making tho whlto snuce so that
the nutriment mid flavor may bo
Corn and Green Peppers. Cool: n
medium-sized iepper In sweet fnt
then ndd corn seasoning and cook
until slightly browned. Serve hot.
Icebergs. Dlssolvo two cupfuls of
sugnr In threo cupfuls of wnter (boll-
Ing) ; cool add three-fourths of n cup-
ful of lemon Juice colop leaf green and1
freeze. Servo In stemmed sherbet
glasses. I'ut n teaspoonful of cream
do menthe In en'ch glnss sprinkle with
finely chopped nuts using almonds
filberts pecans and walnuts In equal
proportions. Theso may be ued with
tho meat course or between courses
or ns n finish to the meal.
Sicilian Sorbet. Press n can or nn
equal amount of fresh peaches through
a stove add one cupful of sugnr two
cupfuls of untnge Juice two tnblo-
spoonfuls of lemon Juice nnd when
well mixed freeze. '
CHILDREN AND BOOKS.
It does tho child no harm to nrnko
tho acquaintance of books which wera
not written for children. In n homo
where tho great books tljtt hnvo In-
aplwd or nraused successive genera-
tlons nre nccesslblo hn nctlvo-mlnded
child Is likely at somo tlmo to get
at them. If we wnnt our children to
fnll In lovo with tho bettor kind of
books let us provldo them with oppor-
tunities for meeting such books with-
out too much formality.
BOYS AND GIRLS ACHIEVING BIG
SUCCESS WITH CHICKEN FLOCKS'
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A Boy's Back-Yard Poultry
In Catawba cqunty North Carollnn
live two boys. Their last nnme Is Wag-
ner nnd their first names nre Paul nnd
Alecn. TJie ioiiltry club ngent who
supervises their work does not stnte
In his report what their middle names
nre but Judging from their achieve-
ments Hustler would be omlncntly
suitable for In 1010 these two Inds
mndo n profit of ?547.70"on their bnck-
yant poultry nnd squnbs and won 27
first prizes Jn tbe best shows In the
stnte in both open nnd club classes.
I'nulund Alecn belong to one of
the many poultry clubs which nre or-
l milzed by tho United States depart
meut of agriculture and the stnte colrj
legos. Lnst year they started the
Eeason's work with CO stnndard-bred
hens of three different breeds White
Leghorns Ilnrred Plymouth Hocks and
Ilhode Island Itcds. Tbe eggs' nnd
chickens which the boys4 sold from'
their flocks during tho year amounted
to 539U.7-1. As their expanses were
$200.22 n profit of $207.52 wns left.
One end of the poultry house In the
Wngr.er back ynrd Is. devoted to
pigeons of which Paul and Alecn hnve
nbout 100 pairs. A Hying pen outside
nllows the birds nn opportunity for
outdoor flying nnd completes n practi-
cal. Inexpensive 'pigeon loft. Almost
every week these club boys ship
dressed squabs to New York. In 1010
they sold 785 squabs a number which
from losing most of the young squabs
hatched In January and February Is
far below what they hope to sell In
an ordinary year. The amount re-
ceived for the squabs sold was $445.23.
Tho cost of their feed wns $104.00
leaving n profit for the boys of $250.27.
Juvenile Poultry Clubs.
Only In comparatively recent years
has poultry production been recognized
as both a valuable national asset and
a very Important part of the opera-
tion of tbe farm. One of the lmpor-
This Boy Appreciates the Importance
of Keeping His Hens Free From
tnt factors In bringing nbout Uie
realization of the importance of the
poultry Industry Is tho establishment
of poultry clubs nmong the boys nnd
girls. Just ns poultry keeping wns for-
merly considered a minor branch of
fnrm work so it was formerly thought
that tho keeping of fowls wns purely
an activity for adults. With tho de-
velopment" of other forms of agricul-
tural clubs among children It wns
found thnt there wns a very definite
place for clubs hnvlng for their ob-
ject tho production of poultry. In
1012 ' this project wns formally
launched by tho United States de-
partment o( agriculture In tho stnto
of Virginia. '
Tho poultry club work wns begun on
a very smnll and conservative scale
to see If It would be profitable and
practical. At the end of 1013 the suc-
cess of the work as It was carried on
in three counties In Vlrglnln with .150
members proved that It had wldo pos-
sibilities for effective results. Tho
project was not only highly practicable
In accomplishing Its principal object
Interesting the boys nnd girls In rural
sections In raising poultry but It dem-
onstrated that tho people In sections
where the clubs wero formed realized
tho Importance of tho work.
Produce of Club Members.
In 1010 there were 20.4SO boys nnd
girls engaged In poultry work In tho
United States. From reports submit-
ted by over 12000 of them It Is shown
thnt they raised 45S3."2 chicks to ma-
turity nnd their flocks produced for
Uicm $ 193.719.3a In Doultfy and eggs.
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House Constructed by Himself.
When It Is considered that this
amount of poultry products was pro-
duced by less than one-half the nuts-
ber of members enrolled It Is reason-
able to assume that the poultry prod-
ucts produced by nil tho club mem-
bers amounted to considerably over
hnlf a million dollars.
IS VERY POISONOUS
Plant Is Especially Dangerous to
Trail Sheep Over.
Cattle Should Not Be Given Opportu-
nlty to Eat Any Considerable '
Amount of Weed Horses
Not Likely to Eat It
Stockmen should lenrn to recognize
nnd avoid the whorled milkweed. It Is
a plant very poisonous to cattle horses
nnd sheep which grows nbundantly (n
certain sections of southwestern Colo-
rado southern Utah and the northern
counties of Arizona nnd New Mexico
according to the United States depart-
ment cf agriculture which has made
an Investigation of the effects of this
plant on stock. Herds should not bo
given tlio opportunity to eat any con-
siderable quantity of Oils plant. It
Is especially dangerous to trail sheep
over n whorled-mllkwced area or to
bed them down In the Immediate
Tho whorled milkweed Is n foothill
plnnt not being found above nn alti-
tude of 7500 fee't and sometimes
grows with great luxuriance nbout
ditches nnd In abandoned flelds. As
smnll n quantity ns 2'4 ounces of tho
green plant will kill n sheep and 2J4
pounds may kill n two-year-old steer.
Horses nro not likely to cat It but If
tbey do they nre ns easily poLsoned
Frequent cases of poisoning occur
Hhen animals are confined to nrens
where tho plnnt grows nnd have llttlo
else to eat and under such circum-
stances heavy losses result. Many nul-
mnls nlso hnvo lieen kllletl by entlng
hay containing the plant dried. It
they have consumed n sulllclent quan-
tity to bo nffected they usually die.
No remedy that will prevent death In
such cases) has been found.
Tho whorled milkweed Is exceed-
ingly difficult to eradicate but by cut-
ting It down before tho heads nre
formed much can be accomplished In
pastures and nlong trails. OrdInnrllyt
It s(and3 from ono to three feet In.
Persons Interested In securing more.
Informr.tlon regnrdlng this mennce to
llvo stock and Illustrations by which
It can bo easily Identified should wrlto
tho United Stntw deportment of agri-
culture Washington D. C for n de-
partment bulletin cnlled "Tlio Whorled
GETTING AWAY FROM SCRUBS
Use of Purebred Sires of Good Quality
Is Goal Toward Which Move
Scrub llvo stock 450; grades 430;
purebreds 173. This Is n typical farm
exnt'iple of a gradual change nwny
from scrub nnlmals and toward thoso
of better breeding. Purebred sires
.bring this change nbout rapidly.
The figures mentioned represent the
live stock on n Florida 'farm whoso
owner Is enrolled In the "Fettor Sires
Better Stock" movement. Of tho
total number of nnlmals listed 44 wero
sires all of them purebred. The uso
of purebred sires of good qunllty Is
tho goal toward which the better-sires
campaign Is directed.
A well balanced mixed ration Is best.
Leg weakness Is especially common
In chicks that nro heavily fed and
Feeding tho maturing pullet requires
careful thought. Just a does tho feed-
ing of growing chlhbvn.
Tho best treatment for digestive dls
turbances of young chicks couslsts In
feeding of buttermilk or sour milk.
Tho Mediterranean or egg breeds nro
best suited for Uie production of white-
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 33, No. 17, Ed. 1, Thursday, September 23, 1920, newspaper, September 23, 1920; Beaver, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69326/m1/2/: accessed March 1, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.