The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 33, No. 10, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 7, 1919 Page: 2 of 12
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THE BEAVER HERALD BEAVER OKLAHOMA
MORE CORN PER ACRE RATHER THAN MORE
' ACRES WILL DECIDE PROFIT FROM CROP
"SELECTIVE SERVICE" FOR FARM ROCK
SHOULD RULE THROUGHOUT ENTIRE YEAR!
- 'W gi-f-
Natural Dlttrlbutlon of Corn Roots
8howt That Only by Shallow Cut
Board Rests on Soil Surface.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Corn Is sometimes Injured more
than aided by cultivation uny; special-
ists In the United States department
Plow deep while sluggards deep;
And you (hall have corn to sell and to
Is excellent advlco when preparing
the soil for planting but Is bnd prac-
tice after the plants have ottnlncd any
considerable bIzo. Some successful
growers who linvo averaged 100 bush-
els of shelled corn to the acre on hun-
dreds of acres say the best single cul-
tivation they can give their com Is
ono eight or ten Indies deep Just be-
fore planting. Hut after tlio corn Is
up ench succeeding cultivation should
be shnllowcr than tlio IuHt.
Methods of cultivation In ono sec-
tion of tho country differ greatly from
thoso In another section. Farmers
should not cense trying to lonrn bet-
ter methods because of these differ-
oncer. Tho most vaiunblo Information
can be obtained from unprejudiced ob-
servnnt corn growers of muny yeare'
Purposes of Cultivation.
The main purposes of cuItlvntIonare
to prevent weed growth surface run
off nnoTthe loss of moisture by evap-
oration. Proper cultivation should se-
cure these results regardless of tho
specific means used. Homo of the most
successful com growers practice fre-
quent early cultivation. Karly culti-
vations will stimulate the growth of
the young com plants by aerating and
warming tho soil. They will also check
Injury from worms Insects and mole
narrows or weeders should bo used
before tho com Is up or whilo It Is
small enough to permit their use.
Wlillo tho plnnto nro small narrow
shovels that do not throw much soil
or disk cultivators set to thro7 tho
soil from tho corn should bo used.
Fenders nro desirable to prevent cov-
ering or Injuring tho small plants.
Many tests of deep and shallow cul
LABOR SITUATION IS
HELPED BY SOLDIERS
Men Returning From Overseas
Are Going Back to Farms.
Department of Agriculture Makes
Careful Survey In Army Camp
Shows That Majority of Farm-
ers Will Resume Work.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Tlio mujorlty of soldiers who enter-
ed tho army from tho farms ore re-
turning to them Immediately after re-
ceiving their discharges from military
duty. This furnishes tho brightest
pot In a situation that Is not yet en-
tirely satisfactory but that promises
steady Improvement although there
Is still no Indication of n decided
movement back to tho farm by men
who were attracted from food-production
work by high wages In indus-
Careful surveys mado In army
camps by the department's farm help
specialists of the department of agri
culture furnish amplo proof to re
fute statements that havo appeared
'in the press that from 75 per cent
to 00 per cent of tho men who were
called by the army from tho farms
nro not returning to them. In a Vir-
ginia camp tho specialists found that
during tho first thrco weeks In April
0S.2 per cent of such men discharged
actually returned to tho farms. Dur
ing tho week ending April 6 tho
specialists Interviewed 2021 men at
this camp. It waa found that 033
rero from farms and all but 16 of
ihat number Intended to return. Dur-
ing the following week 2103 men
were Interviewed. It was found that
001 were from farms nnd nil but 14
Intended to return. Tho next week
710 men were Interviewed. Of IMb
number 30-1 had formerly been em-
ployed on farms und all but B Intend-
ed 'to return.
These figures are tho actual result
of personal Interviews with each man.
Jt was found also that a number of
thoso who had previously been en-
at Tauellng Time. Cultivator Shovel
tlvatlon Will the Roots icape injury.
tivation have been made and result!
nro decidedly In favor of shallow cul-
tivation. Occasions when deep culti-
vation Is preferable are few. Tlio
roots of the plants must not bo broken.
They will produce other roots hut at
tho expense of vitality nnd food sup-
ply. After tho corn Is two or three feet
high the soil even In the middle of tho
rows should not be cultivated deeper
than four Inches nnd usually a shal-
lower cultivation will prove better.
Maintain u loose soil mulch two or
three Inches thick. This prevents tho
escnpo of moisture nlready In tho soil
nnd soaks up the rainfall rather than
letting It run o(T.
Cultivate often enough to keep down
weeds nnd to mnlntuln constantly n
loose soil mulch until the corn hat
reached Its growth. More cultiva-
tions will bo needed If ruins nrc fre-
quent. Tho crust which forms after
every rain must be broken nnd pulver-
ized or excessive run-off or evapora-
tion will soon rob the soil of Its mois-
ture. It Is 8 mlstako to think that tha
longer tho dry spell tho moro fre-
quent should be tho cultivations. After
the mulch has been produced Its fre-
quent stirring Is not necessary unless
weeds become troublesome. Many
crops are cut short by stopping culti-
vation becauno tho corn Is too tail to
use a double cultivator without break-
ing down tho stalks. If conditions de-
mand It contlnuo shallow cultivation
even though tho com Is tnsscllng. It
Is sometimes profitable to remove
weeds even by tho costly process of
hand labor at as late a data as tho
silking of tho com.
Under some conditions six or eight
cultivations are advisable while un-
der other conditions thrco may bo suf-
ficient. The maximum yield Is not ob-
tained by the number of cultivations
but by keeping tho soil In the proper
tho three weeks mentioned 2 per cent
of tho men discharged and who were
not fanning when they entered the
army Intended to take up farming.
Of tho 1.8 per cent of tho soldiers
who hud been on farms previous to
entering the army and who did not
Intend to return the reason given
by 1 per cent was that the men wcro
disabled nnd therefore unnhlo to da
heavy farm work. At least half of
this number are taking up vocational
courses In agriculture which will 111
them for a class of farm work which
docs not require hard physical effort
Prncttcnlly the entire remaining
eight-tenths per cent hud been farm-
ing with their parents or were ten-
ants nnd considered It too lato to
farm this year as other help had
A similar report from tho farm
help specialist In chargo of tho work
at Camp Gordon Qa. shows thai
during 4 weeks In April 3201 fanners
were discharged from that camp. Of
that number 83 were directed to sit-
uations on tho farms In Georgia
whilo 2342 said they were returning
to their Jobs or homes on tho farms
and tho remaining 800 did not desire
to go back to farm work.
At another camp 30 farmers weM
personally Interviewed and 20 stated
that they wcro going back to tin
farm Immediately on receipt of thelt
Make spray while tho sun shines.
A small garden well cared for Is fat
better Uian a largo garden neglected.
Manure should If: posslblo bo spread
early but when crops are to bo planted
lato It may be advlsablo to apply ma-
nure. Tomatoes trained to stakes do no
yield quite as much as In bush form
but tho fruit Is better colored and
All cereals should be kept In dry
well-lighted storerooms. Damp dark
cellars should sever bo wed for au
Upon the shoulder of the past we stand
And to the future turn our questioning
What doth she hold In store what pre-
That we may wrest from out her dose-
POTTED MEATS AND FISH.
In England potted meats ore nn
every-day occurrence nnd the knowl-
edge of potting Is known
by the plainest cooks.
Meats such ns ham
tongue or chicken os
well ns fish left over from
n menl Is potted for n
luncheon dish mthcr
than making It Into hash
which Is too common In
most of our families. The
goodness of potted incuts depends
upon the pounding nnd seasoning. If
carefully prepared nnd put nway they
will keep for n long time nnd will be
found most helpful In preparing emer-
Potted Chicken. Take cold roast
chicken rejecting tlio skin nnd sin-
ews chop fine nnd to every pint nllow
n half cupful of chopped ham or
tongue. Put tho bones of the chicken
Into a snucepnn ndd n pint of cold wn-
tor und simmer tintIP-there Is n half
pint of stock; strain and remove the
fnt. Pound the chicken ham or tongue
to n smooth paste. An old-fashioned
mortar nad pestle Is used for this or
It mny bo ground through the meat
chopper until fine. Then pound ndd
a little of the broth to thicken; sea-
son with cayenne nutmeg nnd n tn-
blespoonful of butter. Put Into small
Jars nnd press down tightly cover with
n cloth nnd cover tho cloth with n
pnste mado of flour and water nnd
hake In n moderate oven one-half hour
tho Jars standing In water. Take out
remove tho cover nnd pour melted but-
ter over the ment. Tic with n paper
moistened with white of egg nnd keep
In a cool dry plncc. This will keep
for months nnd makes nn Ideal hot
weather dish. Fresh beefs tongue
cold roast venl boiled or roast mut-
ton bom nnd smoked tongue may nil
bo rotted In tho snmo manner.
Potted Fish. Pick coiJ cooked fish
to pieces season with salt pepper nnd
a little mnco then put Into n Jar tie
tightly with a piece of muslin cover
with n flour paste stand tho Jar In wa-
ter und bake ono hour In a modcrnto
oven. When done nnd cold pound tho
(lnii Jc n paste pack In the Jars and
cover with melted butter.
IJrood not on words or slights their bit-
Is measured by their housing mischief
Which nursod and tended bring forth
Whose bitter crop Is hatred and remorse.
SOUPS OF SUMMER FRUITS.
Fruit soups nro not commonly used
among tho people of America. In tho
old world both
tho prince and
them summer and
with shaved Ico
they may be at-
ing ns well ns
fruit soups the nourishment depends
upon tho Ingredients used ns with
Such fruits as prunes rntslns figs
hanonnH persimmons nnd pnwpnws
have more foJd vnluo than most other
fruits though lucking In other Ingre-
dients. Tho addition of stock or milk
nnd egg also ndds to tho food nlue.
Dried or canned fruit mny be used
In soup making ns well ns fresh fruit.
Apple and Rice Soup. Core and
slice very thin eight unpeeled nppies.
Cook them with n hnlf n cupful of rice
In two quarts of boiling wnter until
both tho fruit nnd rice are soft then
put through n sieve ndd spice nnd half
n cupful of orange or grapo fruit mar-
mnladc. Serve hot.
Strawberry and Orange Soup.
Sprinkle n pint of strawberries with
sugnr nnd lot stund on Ico for one
hour. Menntlmo mnko a sirup with
ono and n hnlf quarts of water nnd n
pound of sugnr nnd n qunrt of fresh
berries with tho Juice of ono lemon.
Mash strain nnd ndd n cupful of or-
nngo Julco with tho prepared berries tn
sugnr. Servo Ico rold.
Raspberry and Mulberry Soup.
Wut-h nnd drain ono quart ench of
raspberries and mulberries mnsh them
ndd a pound of sugar nnd let stand for
one hour. Then put through n sieve
heat gradually and when nt the boiling
point thicken with two table-spoonfuls
of cornstarch rubbed smooth In n lit-
tlo wnter. Servo hot or cold adding
the Juice of n lemon or n Ilmo and
hnlf a cupful of finely shredded al
monds Just before serving.
Prune and Peach Soup. Take one-
third of en pound of dried prunes and
two-thirds of a pound of dried peaches
sonk over night. In the morning ndd
n pint of cold wnter nnd let them
cook to tho boiling po'nt then add
two tablespoonfuls of sngo; cook until
the sago Is clear. Add a cupful of
cherry cranberry or other tart Juice.
Serve hot or cold.
Cherry and Quince Soup. Stem and
stono ft pint of deep red cherries;
place them In a saucepan with the
wnter; cook until the cherries are ten-
dor then thicken with cornstarch nnd
cook until the starch Is well cooked.
Thou mayest not rut In nny lovely thins
Thou who wert formed to seek and to
For no fulfillment of thy dreams can
The answer to thy measureless desire.
The beauty of the round green world U
Of the world's essence; far within the
Tho tints which make this bubble bright
The bubble bursts; the light can never
die. Lucy Larcom.
HERE'S A RAISIN.
Until the shortage of sugar we
ocvex renllzed the weolth of sweetness
stored In some of
our dried fruits
nnd never consid-
ered them In re-
gnrd to their
sugnr value. As
raisins are three-
fourths sugar why
not tnke advan-
tage of that when
using them In various dishes? The
saving of sugar Is not so vltnl now but
wn still need to use economy so that
foreign nations mny have n share.
A handful of raisins ndded to al-
most any fruit salad adds to Its flavof
For n toothnche one of the pleasant
remedies Is a spilt raisin sprinkled
with n few grains of cayenne; press
tho p!;ces together nnd place the
raisin nn the gum nearest the tooth. A
hot rnlsln Is said to cure earache.
Apples Stuffed With Raisin Wash
core and remove tho pulp from n dozen
smooth firm apples. Put through the
ment chopper two cupfuls of tho appla
removed nnd two cupfuls of seeded
raisins; ndd one tnblcspoonful of lemon
Juice. Stuff tho apples with this mix-
ture and place them In a greased bak-
ing pan. Into a sauce pan put n cup-
ful ench of water and corn sirup add
n tnblcspoonful of fmttor nnd boll for
five minutes. Pour this sauce over thi
apples and bake until they are tender
Servo cither hot or cold.
Raisin Pancakes. Pent tho ydXks ol
three eggs ndd two cupfuls of milk
(sour) two tnblospoonfuls of melted
fnt three cupfnls of flour n teaspoon-
ful of salt nnd one tenspoonful of soda
Peat well then ndd one cupful of seed-
less raisins nnd fold In the stiffly beat-
en whites. Cook on n hot griddle and
serve with mnple simp or honey.
A few chopped and steamed raisins
added to ordinary boiled frosting
makes a very good cake filling. Nuti
will mnko n still richer filling. If a fen
nrc added finely chopped.
In counting oft our life
By harvest moons the checkered toll
Bhow In their record more of peace thai
More Joy than sorrow more of smllei
than tears. '
GOOD EATS FOR HOT WEATHER.
During tho summer the wise house-
mother serves plenty of vegetables and
fruits cutting down
on meats rich pas.
tries nnd puddings
thus saving hcrscll
nnd the dlgcstloi
of her family.
As most people
like a bit of sweet
to end the dinner
why not prepare
pinto of stuffed dates or a dish ol
homemade candy to substitute oc
the days that fruit Is not served as a
Pastry shells filled with fresh fruit
or with various gelatin mixtures nn
both ploaslng to tho eye nnd pnlate.
Tho fruit may bo crushed sweetened
nnd mixed with or garnished with
sweetened whipped cream. Tho shell
of course Is baked and when used
with fruit which will soak Its dellcnte
texture should not be filled until read;
to serve. With tho gelatin however
thnt may bo put Into the shell as soon
os It Is stiff enough. Mnko the gel-
atin mixture nnd when It begins to
set bent It well with n Dover beater
then let chlHnnd fold In the stiffly
beaten whites or whipped cream oi
servo It piled high In the crust with a
border of whipped crenm and berries.
One will find many new nnd pretty
wnys of serving these dainty pies.
Ceylon Tomato Salad. Peel thret
solid tomatoes cut them Into halv'os
and press nut tho seeds. Chop tho to-
mntocs ami put into a nowi add a
tnblcspoonful of lemon Juice n ten-
spoonful of salt n tnblcspoonful oi
chopped onion nnd the snme of green
pepper with half a teaspoonful of pa-
prika. Mix nnd turn Into a dish In
which It Is to bo served. Add four
tnblospoonfuls of coconut cream and
servo nt once.
Coconut Cream. To prepare coco-
nut cream grate one good Rlzed coco-
nut nnd pour n pint of boiling watei
over It. Wash and sflr until nil the
flavor has been wnshed from the fiber.
Turn Into u choeseclothmnd press firm-
ly. Stand the milk thus obtained In
n'cool1:&ce over night when a thick
cream will have formed on the Bur-
face. Remove this and set aside fol
Keep the Workers
(Prepired by tho United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
There nre two classes of farm fowl
those that nre parasitic on flock
profits and those that nro profitable.
To bounce the boarders from tho flock
nnd encourage the Increase nnd bet-
terment of tho profitable biddies nro
tasks of bnslc Importance which con-
front every poultryman. With feed
high In price und poultry products
correspondingly valuable It I' of
maximum significance to get rid of
the worthless nnd increase the worthy
birds In every farm flock declare
United States department of agricul-
Culling serves three purposes. It
insures thnt the feed will be consumed
by the profit-producing hens. It mnkes
It possible to save those best suited
for breeders both because of their bet-
ter production nnd their superior
strength und vitality which cnablo
them to stand up under tho severe
strain of heavy laying. It provides
more room by thinning out tho slacker
Culling 'Regular Continuous.
Culllngshould bo continuous through-
but the year. It should consist of
weeding out when discovered nny
hen which Is sick very thin or ema-
ciated or which shows evidence of
non-production weakness or poor vi-
tality. Tho entire flock should bo given
a careful and systematic Inspection
and culling once a year nnd prefer-
ably several times. The hens should
be handled Individually nnd gone over
cnrefully with the object pf separating
tho workers from the shirkers. From
tlio class of better producers It Is de-
sirable to pick out as many of the best
as Will be needed for subsequent breed-
ing. These hens should bo banded or
otherwise marked so thnt their eggs
may bo saved for hatching purposes.
The Inferior fowls should be marketed
as soon as possible.
When n slnglo systematic culling Is
made tho best tlmo for such work
Is In August or September. Then tt
Is easier to form a closo estimate of
tho valuo of tho hen as an egg pro-
ducer as well as to weed out tho un
CARE IN HANDLING
EGGS IS IMPORTANT
Must Be Gathered Twice Each
Day and Kept Cool.
Merchant Should Store In Dry Cold
Place or Chill In Refrigerating
Plant to Temperature Well
Below 40 Degrees.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of ARrlculture.)
Good fresh eggs put In a basket nnd
.stored In the hot kitchen for n dny or
two may reach town In such condition
that they must be used at once to bo
nvallnblo for food. A basket of per-
fectly fresh eggs left on the back of
tho wagon and exposed to tho sun
during a ten-mile drlvo to town mny
reach the country merchant In such
shnpo thnt not even Immediate chill-
ing will mnke them available for long
shipment to tho cities. This Is tho
story constantly revealed by tho can-
die on tho egg car. Eggs of which tho
farmer's wlfo Is very proud will show
that they have been allowed to remain
24 to 48 hours In the nest or at somo
point In their history hnvo been ex-
posed to bent which lowers their
vnlue. It Is evident therefore thnt If
tho egg is to be palatable to the city
consumer caro In Its handling must
begin on the farm. The farmer roust
gather his eggs twice a day nnd must
keep them cool afterwards just ns ho
would cream or milk until they are
delivered In town. Thero the mer-
chant must at once put them Into a
dry cold place or If ho wishes to be
strictly up to date must chill them
In his own little refrigerating plant
or In the larger refrigerating plant of
the town to a temperature well below
40 degrees F.
neat Is the great enemy for once a
good egg has stood for any time at a
temperature of over 08 degrees F. It
begins to Incubate If It Is a fertile
egg or to spoil If It Is an Infertile egg.
Carefully 8ave Droppings.
No matter how small the flock the
droppings should be carefully saved
stored nnd either .used as fertiliser for
plants or disposed of to peruana who
can bo uso them to Increase the fertil-
ity of the soil.
Freeh Litter for Neeta.
Freeh Utter should be placed In the
egg Mate at frequent Interval during
Eliminate the Shirkers.
profitable birds. Hens which show in-
dications of laying nt this time nro
thoso which on tho nveroge have been
the better producers for tho year. It
must be remembered nlso that the bet-
ter producers during tho first laying
year are thoso which will be tho su-
perior ylciders In subsequent years
liens showing Indications of having
been good producers throughout tho
year should be retained for the next
yenr regardless of their age but rela-
tively few hens will prove to be profit-
nblo producers beyond their second
laying year If they are of tho heavier
breeds such ns the Plymouth Hock
Ilhado Island Red Wyandotte or
Orpington; or beyond their third lay-
ing year If they are of the lighter
breeds such as the Leghorn. Additional
culling during July Is also desirable In
order to eliminate hens which have
started to molt and hnve stopped lay-
ing. Fowls to Cull.
In culling the flock remember that
It Is safer to depend upon the agree-
ment of n combination of several char-
acteristics than to select by any ono
alone. With this In mind cull hens
thnt are sick weak lacking In vigor
Innctlve poor caters molted or molt-
ing; thoso with small shriveled hard
dull-colored combs; with small puck-
ered hard dry vents; with thick or
coarse stiff pelvic bones pelvic bones
closo together smnll spread between
pelvic bones nnd rear end of keel nnd
full hard small abdomen. In breeds
with yellow skin nnd shnnks the dis-
carded hens should nlso show yellow
or medium yellow shanks and yellow
Save hens that are healthy strong
vigorous nlcrt nnd active; good ent-
ers; not molting or Just beginning to
molt in September or October; with
large moist vents; with large bright-
red combs; thin pliable pelvic bones
well spread npnrt wide spread be-
tween pelvic bones nnd rear end of
keel and Inrge soft pliable abdomen.
In breeds with yellow skins and
shnnks tho hens saved should also
show pale or white shanks and pale
or white beaks and vents.
USE CARE AFTER DEHORNING
Palna Should Be Taken That No For-
eign 8ubtnces Get Into Open-
ings After Operation.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
It Is not usual to apply any prepara-
tion after the operation of dehorning
to prevent bleeding as the loss of
blood Is not sufficient as a rule to bo
of consequence. Care should be taken
however to prevent substances from
getting Into tho openings left after
the horns nro removed. The horn cores
are elongations of tho frontal bones of
the skull nnd are hollow. They com-
munlcato with the frontal sinuses or
air spaces of tho bead ; therefore for-
eign substances or fragments of horn
which act as an Irritant In these cav-
ities are npt to set up an Inflamma-
tion resulting In the formation of pus
or an abscess which mny provo quite
serious. This trouble Is of Infrequent
occurrence but would appear mora
llnblo to happen when the dehorning
Instruments are used on account of
their tendency to crash especially In
tho case of old animals whereas the
saw cuts clean. If proper caro Is
taken however such an occurrence
following dehorning may tn almost
every Instance be avoided.
It the animals are dehorned In warm
weather It Is well to apply some plna
tar with a view to keeping files from
the wounds. Some operators doth!
In nearly alt cases thinking that It
facilitates healing. The dehorning op-
eration should always when possible
be performed In cool weather and
upon animals which have at least at-
tained the age of two years.
Sell kill or segregate the rooster I
Clean sour milk is a Ono regulator
for young chicks.
Ducks should have plenty of green
feed and mea: vVrd.
T ' '
Crowing cc' i that are kept close-
ly confined need much greater atten-
tion along all Unea.
Improper feeding and too dose con-
finement have been the causes of many
f allures In turkey raising.
Growing chlcka will not oat too Inch
If they have plenty of
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 33, No. 10, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 7, 1919, newspaper, August 7, 1919; Beaver, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69269/m1/2/: accessed April 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.