The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 30, No. 35, Ed. 1, Thursday, February 1, 1917 Page: 2 of 12
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
THE BEAVER HERALD BEAVER OKLAHOMA
BEST PAYING RATIONS
Interesting Experiment Conduct-
ed by Ohio Station.
Pullets Producing Largest Number of
Eggs Were Furnished Most Expen
slve Feed Careful Accounts
Tho number of eggs Inltl during tlio
feeding of n rntlon It not always an
Index to tlio vnluo of tho rntlon. Tho
best-paying rntlon should be sought
Tlint la n rntlon which will give tho
most profit on tho number of eggs
laid. An experiment conducted lJ the
Ohio station Illustrate this point:
In the experiment three tots of 23
pullets ench of Single Comb Whlto
Leghorn were used. These pullets
were housed In flinlf of n colony house
20 by 12 feet In lze tills spneo being
allotted to each group. The hens were
nlso confined to the houses from April
1 to Juno 7 In order to permit tho
cross In the lots to get some growth.
When the snow was -on tho ground the
liens were confined 4o tho houses. At
IDEAL CHICKEN HOUSE FOR FARM FLOCK
Mae """ fi - i . ... 'B
POULTRY HOUSE FINDS FAVOR IN KANSAS.
Thero nro ns many types of inlckcn
houses ns there nro of poultry raisers
nnd but few of thesu houses approach
tho Ideal asserts N. L. Harris super-
intendent of the poultry plant Kansas
"Tho Ideal chicken house should be
nt least 20 feet long nnd 18 feet wide"
frays Mr. Hnrrls. "Tho height should
be such ns will bo convenient to tho op-
erator nbout nine feet In front nnd
not less tlinn four feet at tho Cnclc.
"With n Jiouso of these dimensions
there will bo no frozen combs even In
ncvero winter went her. Frozen combs
tisunlly result from keeping poultry In
small houses where good ventilation
Is n difficult matter.
"Thero Is no question thnt cement
Is tho best iloor for poultry houses
DEVELOP OOCYTES FOR EGGS
No Hen Lives Long Enough to Produce
Moro Than Small Pecentage of
Automatically every normnl hen
Mould nppenr to bo fitted to become
n good layer. Certain It Is thnt no
hen lives long enough or remains
In condition long enough to develop
all or moro thnu n small percent-
age of tho undeveloped eggs on her
ovary. In counts mado at Maine
experiment station from 011 to 300."
oocytes (undeveloped eggs) wero
found In tho ovaries of some 15 hens
exnmlned nnd only those visible to
tho unaided eyo were counted. Threo
hens showed better than 1000 oocytes
ench flvo showed better than 1500
undeveloped eggs ench; flvo better
than 2000 each; and ono yielded a
count of 3005 undeveloped eggs.
In the Imcstlgntlons It was shown
that tho number of oocytes vlslblo
on the ovary bore no definite or
constant relation to the nctually re-
alized egg production of the speci-
men. Apparently actual egg production
depends upon many things besides he-
reditary characteristics nnd anatomical
differences. It Is easy to understand
thnt Influences which affect the ludl-
Idunl specimen may piny n very largo
pnrt In producing conditions favorable
to maturing tho undeveloped eggs
of the ovary and the nctuul laying of
hnme. Potentially from an anatom-
ical standpoint almost every hen is
u thousand-egger or better.
It remains for us to develop nnd ob-
tnln tho eggs. Of course mnny oocytes
never develop and mature. liens
which have mado n record of 1000
oggs In their lifetime arc still raro
FEEDING CORN TO CHICKENS
Wasteful Practice Where Fowls Aro
Confined and Not Given Greens
Charcoal and Lime.
Feeding corn to hens of no particu-
lar breed shut up In small quarters will
not get enough eggs to pay. Hut pure-
bred stock bred by n breeder who
knows his business If given n chnncc
will make good use of good feed.
Chickens need variety. Feed them n
vnrlety of grains greens charcoal
lime plcuty of grit nnd If it Is nxes-
Bary to conflno them feed fresh ment
twice n week.
If In houses keep thcin plenty warm
Do not forget to keep them well sup-
plied with water.
other times -each lot had access" to I
It 1 received a rntlon of shelled
corn ground corn eight parts nnd
meat wraps Ave parts. Lot " received
a rntlon of shelled corn ground corn
sotcn parts; bran three parts nnd
meat scraps live parts. Lot 3 had
shelled corn one part und wheat four
parts with one pnrt of oats nnd a
mash composed of ground corn tlirco
parts; bran four parts; middlings four
parts oil meal ono part nnd meat
scraps two parts. Knch lot had access
to grit oyster shell nnd chnrconl. Lot
1 produced 1M.0 eggs Lot 2 180.8 nnd
Lot 3 20LC eggs per lien nt n cost
of a73 8.fil nnd 10.1)0 cents per dozen
respectively. The profit from Lot 1 wns
$2.00: from Lot 2. $2.15 nnd from Lot
3 $1.03 for each hen In tho respective
groups. Tho rntlon for Lot 3 not only
cot more but wns moro trouble to pre-
pare. If wo looked nt the number of
eggi only. It might fiocm Hint 201.0
eggs were far better than 183.0 or
ISO A but the profit Ifl whnt wo nro
nfter the most money with tho least
trouble. Tho farmer needs cspcclnlly
to look to his profits tlds yenr of high
priced grnln. Careful accounts nro the
only means of determining tho cost of
eggs per dozen nnd the best-pnylng
slnco such n floor Is sanitary verm
proof nnd easily cleaned."
Tho manner of lighting nnd venti-
lating a poultry house In always Im-
portant In tho opinion of Mr. Harris.
Too much glass In n poultry houso
raises tho temperature In the day and
permits rapid radiation nt night Th r
resulting wide variation of dny nn 1
night temperatures Is always Injurious
to the health of the fowls.
I'roliably the best means of providing
adequate light and' ventilation Is ti
hnvo two windows In the south sldo o I
thp building with n cloth curtnln be-
tween. During stormy days while tho
curtain Is closed the windows will pro-
lilo sulllclcnt light und the curtnlnn
will ullow sufficient ventilation without
I PROPER CARE OF COCKERELS
Young Fowls Will Need Plenty ol
Right Kind of Food and Shelter
for Best Development
Thoso who hnvo good cockereh
needed for breeding birds In their owt
flocks will see to it that they ara
properly cared for. The young cock-
erels will need plenty of tho right
kind of feed and tho proper shelter
and protection so they may develop
Into good birds.
The mistake Is sometimes made of
not keeping enough cockerels for tho
number of hens needed on tho form.
As a result of this farm flocks some-
times producu too small n per cent
of fertile eggs. This means conslder-
nblo loss for tho Infertile egg unused
In Incubation Is almost If not n com-
It Is not easy to tell the kind of
birds young cockerels will make nt
least while they nro quite young. It
Is necessary generally to keep the
birds till their type plumage and
general Individuality can bo ascer-
tained. The best Is none too good nnd
no ono should afford to keep poor cock-
erels. Should none of your flock bo
suitable then dispose of all nnd get
good cockerels to breed up your flock.
This will be economical la the end.
MILK IN FEEDING CHICKENS
Will Greatly Increase Egg Production
Carbohydrates Do Not Offset
Necessity of Protein.
Tho uso of milk In feedlnir chickens
will greatly lucienso egg production.
The hen never Invs nn ecir until
all tho Ingredients necessary for tho
complete development of n chick are
Slnco the cse contains nroteln ns
well ii3 carbohydrates nny nmount of
carbohydrates fed In the form of grain
will not offset tho necessity of protein.
Milk k'lren to tho birds either ns n
drink or In tho form of wet mash will
grently Increase egg production.
DUST BATHS ARE NECESSARY
Laying Hens Are Enabled to Rid Them-
selves of Vermin and Remove Dirt
Lnjlng hens must have their dusl
bath If they nro to lay tho niaximuit
number of eggs during tho winter. It
Is u necessary luxury for them.
By its uso they are enabled to rid
themselves of mites and to rcmovo nil
scales and dirt from tho skin.
" '"'' "iTtimi WaWBM
SCIENCE IN RAISING POULTRY
Important Problem Is to Ascertain
How Many Eggs Each Hen Lays-
Hens Make Best Mothers.
The tlmo has coma when more at
tention must be given to high produc-
tion In the fnrm flock. It is not enough
thnt tho poultry fnnclora breed up
their layers nnd nttempt to Incrensn
tho strain. Farmers should breed up
their own flocks.
Wo should know whnt tho hens pro
duce nnd let their stay on the farm
depend upon what they pay. This Is
the only business way to look nt poul-
Trap nesting Is the fancier's way. It
Is n good way but other ways may bo
devised to keep records of the hens.
Tho Important problem Is to find out
how many eggs each hen Inys nnd
when she lnys them.
Summer layers nro not near ns Im
portant ns curly spring and winter
layers for winter eggs nlwnys bring
better prices so do enrly spring eggs.
It follows from this thnt a ben thnt
lnys In winter though she produces
fewer eggs may be more profitable
than n summer layer.
But authorities tell us not to keep
hens till they are very old. They sny
tho second season Is generally the best
for a laying hen. Hut there Is need of
moro records on this subject Anyway
hens mnko better mothers when old
than when pullets.
RUNNER DUCKS ARE FAVORED
Especially Adapted to Poultryman
Who Wishes to Produce Eggs and
Raise Some Meat
The man who desires n dual pur-
loso fowl will And the Ilunner duck
suitable. This duck Is especially adapt-
ed to tho poultryman who wishes to
produce eggs and to raise soma ment
at tho sumo time.
They are perhaps not so good for
ment us some of tho other breeds but
they muke good roasters friers ami
broilers when they havo been properly
They are better layers than the nver-
age hen. From 200 to 250 eggs Is not
nn uncommon yearly average for them
under good care.
PROFITABLE TO RAISE GAME
Money Can Be Made With Pheasants
Buffalo and Deer Feed Cost Is
Not Very Large.
It costs no more to raise pheasants
than chickens nnd pheasants sell nt
from $3 to $30 n pair according to
tho variety; tho Chlneso rlug-necfc
sells nt about $7.30 a pair.
It costs no moro to rnlso a buffalo
than n cow.whllo tho former sells nt
about tho prlco of ten cows; the cost
of raising n deer Is about the same
as sheep while tho deer tluds n ready
market at from $15 to $30.
CULLS SHOULD BE FATTENED
When Undesirable Fowls Reach Proper
Size They Should Be Placed In
Pen and Fed Corn.
As soon ns tho culls hnvo reached n
proper size they should be fattened.
I'lacc them In n pen to themselves nnd
feed them food that contnlns a large
per cent of carbohydrate" such as
corn or Its milling products. During
the process of fnttenlng do not give
them nny green food nt nil.
Hub ono qunrt -of raspberries
through n sieve ndd two-thlrda cupful
of sugar nnd tho stiffly beaten whites
of six eggs. Mix lightly turn Into n
buttered baking dish nnd bake from
30 to 40 minutes. Servo Immediately
with cream either plain or whipped.
When you have nny Inrd to try out
run the fat through the foodchopper
for It Is much ensler than cutting It
nnd besides It will try out much quick-
er ond with less wuste.
TAKE OUT GREASE SPOTS
Blemishes That So Greatly Annoy ths
Housekeeper May Be Effectively
Grease spots may bo removed by the
nppllcutlon of carbon tetrachloride ac-
cording to II. F. Zollcr nsslstnnt In
chemistry In tho Knnsns State Agricul-
"Itemovlng grease spots with gaso-
line or benzine Is both dangerous and
wasteful" said Mr. Zoller. "Chloroform
Is effective but Is dangerous. Carbon
tetrachloride Is used by cleaners be-
cause of Its safety cleaning power and
the absence of a dlsiigrccnblo odor.
The disadvantage Is Its expense.
"Ink Is dltrtcult to remove If It has
been In the garment for some time.
Iron Inks may be removed by oxalic
acetic citric or dlluto hydrochloric
acids. In case of the coal-tar Inks the
spot must be bleached.
"Iron rust can be removed by fairly
strong oxalic veld solution If allowed
to stand on the goods for n short time
and often when It Is exposed to tho
sunlight the action Is a llttlo quicker.
The excess of oxalic ncld must be
washed out nnd the goods washed with
n good soap In order to neutralize tho
acid. Hydrochloric acid Is tho best re-
mover of iron rust If handled by an ex-
"An excellent fonnuln for tho remov-
al of fountain-pen Ink especially Iron
Ink nnd Iron rust Is the aceto-oxnllc
acid formula. It Is mado by saturat-
ing a 10 per cent acetic ncld solution
with oxalic ncld nnd mixing one part
of the product with four purts of alcohol."
To Induce a cannry to tnke a bath
sprinkle n few seeds upon the water.
This added nttrnctlon will mnko tho
bnth become a habit wltli the little
To keep flowers fresh placo a pinch
of bicarbonate of soda In tho water
before putting them Into n vase. '
To make glassware clear and spark-
ling add a llttlo wnshlug blue to the
soapsuds when washing.
If Ink Is spilled on the-enrpet or ta-
ble cover cover It Immediately with
salt as It absorbs the Ink.
Powdered alum ndded to ordinary
stovo blncklng adds to Its brilliancy.
Oxalic ncld and Jnvelle water arc
excellent for removing Ink status.
Now tlnwnro will never rust If
greased with n little fresh Inrd nnd
bnked In the oven before It Is used.
One enn corn four cupfuls potntocs
cut In one-qunrtcr-lnch slices one nnd
one-hulf-lnch cube fat salt pork ono
sliced onion four cupfuls scalded
milk eight common crackers. Cut
pork In small pieces and try out. Add
onion nnd cook Ave minutes stirring
often thnt onion may not burn. Strain
fat Into a stcw-pnn. Parboil potatoes
Ave minutes In boiling wnter to cover
drain and ndd potatoes to fat; then
ndd two cupfuls boiling wnter; cook
until potntoes nrc soft ndd corn nnd
milk then heat to boiling point Sea-
son with salt nnd pepper nnd butter
nnd crackers split nnd soaked In
enough cold milk to moisten. Re-
move crackers turn chowder Into n
tureen nnd put crackers on top.
One-half cupful butter ono nnd n
quarter cupfuls grnnuinted sugar
three eggs hajf cupful thin cream or
rich milk half even tenspoonful sodn
one even teaspoonful cream tartnr two
cupfuls of pastry flour half cupful
seeded raisins. Add whites of eggs
last and bake In tube pan. When cold
frost with n heavy white Icing that will
contrast 'prettily with the yeltow of the
cake. Citron sliced In thin strips may
be used Instead of raisins or In com-
bination with them.
Four tnblespoonfuls cocoa one pint
of wnter yolks of two eggs two tnble-
spoonfuls cornstarch r tnblespoon-
fuls sugar. Roll until thick ndd one
tnblcspoonful vanilla. Hake the crust
pour In the chocolate. Heat the whites
of the eggs with one cupful of sugar
spread over top nnd brown. Ono ten-
spoonful of linking powder In one-hnlf
cupful grnnuinted sugar ndded to the
white of one egg stiffly bentcn makes
n Huffy meringue.
Sift together one cupful cornmeal
one cupful bread flour ono tenbpoonful
sodn (level) In one cupful sour milk
nnd ndd It to the sifted Ingredients.
Then ndd one-quarter cupful molasses
then two eggs two tnblespoonfuls melt-
ed drippings. Rent well nnd bnke In
well-greased muffin pans about oue-
Imlf hour In moderately hot oven.
Graham Drop Biscuits.
One pint graham flour one-hnlf cup-
ful white flour one level tenspoonful
soda one-half tenspoonful salt one
tabtespoonful sugar one egg one table-
spoonful thick cream nnd enough sour
milk or buttermilk to mnko a stiff but-
ter. Hnvo gem pans hot nnd well
greased. These nro tine.
Baked Salmon Wiggle.
One can of salmon one-hnlf can of
peas butter slzo of i egg salt and pep-
per milk sauce. Bako about one-hulf
White Sauce Ono pint milk small
piece butter salt thicken with heap-
ing tenspoonful flour.
Add a cupful of boiled rice to one
quart of hotted soup stock. Stir uutll
II comes to a boll season with pepper
salt ana parsioy or anyuung yon use.
WINTER QUARTERS FOR SOWS
Necessary That Animal Have Suitable
Shelter Proper Amount of Ex-
ercise and Good Feed.
(By B. L. THOMPSON Associate In Ani-
mal Husbandry South Dakota State
If thp sow is to bo properly enred
for during tlio winter months It is
nccessnry thnt she have sultnblo shel-
ter n proper amount of exercise nnd
that sho be fed not only liberally but
upon feeds that furnish the necessary
nutrients required by tho pregnant
Sultnblo shelter enn be supplied by
hoghouscs of various types nnd tho
stylo of house used will depend upon
tho conditions existing upon nny cer-
tain farm. Whatever kind of houso
Is used It should be well ventilated
dry and well lighted. Portablo houses
may bo used advantageously part of
Healthy Sow and Litter.
the yenr but at farrowing time n well-
planned nnd well-built permanent
structure Is needed.
Personally 1 prefer n house with
the semtmonltor type of roof nnd ono
of sufficient width for two rows of
pens with n feed alley between them.
Tho length will depend upon the num-
ber of sows that aro to be housed In
It Tho pitch of the roof should be
such that the sun's rays will fall upon
the north row of pens during tho mid-
dle of the day. Of course this typo
of house should ulwaysfaco tho south.
In a building of this sort It Is much
cuIer to care for the sows than It Is
when small Individual houses aro used.
Especially Is this true at tho farrow-
ing tlmo ns one man can properly look
after a much larger number of sows
than when they are scattered about in
u number of different' small houses.
DOCTOR SHEEP WITH WORMS
Drenching With Copper Sulphate Is
Recommended by Animal Hus-
bandmen at Ohio Station.
Stomach worms nnd tapeworms
which cause enormous losses to sheep
raisers ench yenr may bo treated sat-
isfactorily by drenching with copper
sulphate according to animal hus-
bandmen nt the Ohio experiment sta-
tion. Dlgctlvc disturbances malnu-
trition nnd general wenkness nro symp-
toms of these pests in sheep.
For 8 to 20 hours beforo trentment
tho sheep nre fasted. They are then
drenched with u bottlo or with a rub-
ber tube nnd funnel. Two fluid ounces
of n solution made by dissolving an
ounco of copper sulphate (blue vit-
riol) In two quarts of water Is suffi-
cient for n yearling whllo n two-year-old
sheep requires three fluid ounces.
CLOVER AND ALFALFA VALUE
Roughage Used In Feeding Tests With
Lambs at the Ohio Experi-
When both roughages wero of equal
quantity clover nnd alfalfa had about
equnl values for fattening lambs In
feeding tests at the Ohio experiment
Alfnlfa usually is harvested in bet-
ter condition than clover nnd com-
mands n higher price on tho market.
Tho results of these feeding tests
Justify a wnrnlng to feeders not to
overvalue alfalfa to tho extent of feed-
ing nn inferior grade of this hay when
good clover may bo had nt a lower
price. Ohio Experiment Station.
DO NOT MIND COLD WEATHER
Exercise Is Essential to Ewes and
Coming Lambs Provide Plenty of
Clean Fresh Water.
Sheep do not mind cold when there
Is no draft and the fold-is dry. and
Do not crowd the flock. Exercise is
very essential to tho owes and tho com-
Feed regularly and bo quiet nnd
kind to the flock. Sheep appreciate n
kind well-modulated voice.
Provide for plenty of clean frefh wn-
ter In the sheep barn. Glvo It fresh
36 fyrRedpe Book Fnt
SKINNER MFG.CO OMAHA U.SA
1AXCUT MAttKOW rAOOXY IN MUMCA.
DflTCHTC TVton K. Col.mnn
fi I I'll I O rklanlliiiWMr.WMIillirlOil
W ti. u. AdtlM mil baoU Irr.
KT MXS J M. L Vk ftoldlixr flf
iprrlcft and tbetr widow alto tau WITH AFil.
thtlr niduwf and ehlidrrn ondr 14. Inquire of
NiUhq Wckfora. M La Ara Wublnfton. 1 C
"ROUGH on RATS"iWAS?i50tt '
Slam has resumed the cultivation
of cotton once a lending Industry la
IF YOUR CHILD IS CKOSS
Look Mother! If tongue Is coated
cleanse little bowels with "Cali-
fornia 8yrup of Figs."
Mothers can rest easy after giving
"California Syrup of Figs" becauso la
a few hours all tho clogged-up wasto
sour bile nnd fermenting food gently
moves out of tho bowels and you havo
a well playful child again.
Sick children needn't bo coaxed to)
tako this harmless "fruit laxative."
Millions of mothers keep It hnnd be-
causo they know its action on tho
stomach liver and bowels Is prompt
Ask your druggist for a GO-cont bot-
tle of "California Syrup of Figs" whtca
contains directions for babies children
of all nges and for grown-ups. Adv.
The Druqunyan congress Is consid-
ering tho establishment of a military
FOR ITCHING BURNING SKINS
Bathe With Cutlcura Soap and Apply
tho Ointment Trial Free.
For eczemas rashes ltchings irrita-
tions pimples dnndruff soro hands
nnd baby humors Cutlcura Soap nnd
Ointment nro supremely 'effective. Be-
sides they tend to prevent theso dis-
tressing conditions if used for every-
dny toilet nnd nursery preparations.
Frco samplo each by mall with Book.
Address postcard Cutlcura Dept L
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
Whatever Is best ndmlnlstcrcd is
Always use Bed Cross Ball Bine. Delights
the laundress. At all good grocers. Adv.
- ' " "
A Flying Start
As tho result of lectures adminis-
tered to him by both his fnthcr nnd tho
young woman of his choice n certain
young man decided to turn over a now
ieaf and show somo Interest In busi-
ness. "Well Molly" said ho to tho girl ono
ovcnlng "I am really going Into busi-
ness In earnest Mnde a beginning nl-
"Good I" exclaimed Molly. "And what
wns tho nature of your start?"
"I ordered my tailor to mnko mo a
Very Very Serious.
In n tonst to "widows" at n dinner In
Chlcngo a society lender nnd after-
dinner speaker said :
"Wo nil know that widows nro llko
windows when you get nenr.one you
ought to look out.
"I said to a chap at tho shore one
'"Aro your Intentions toward tho
"'Very very serious' he nnswercd
with n sigh. '1 Intend If possible to
get out of mnrrylng her.' "
Austrnlln where rabbits wero not
long ngo so numerous ns to bo con-
sidered n national nuisance Is now
requisitioning that country's supply of
rabbit skins for use In making mili-
Of tho 43000 persons employed In
the Swiss hotels It seems strange thnt
only 30000 nro Swiss.
about the high cost of
living just buy a pack-
still sold at the same
Enjoy a morning dish
of this delicious food
and smile over the fact
that you've had a good
Isn't that a fair start
for any day
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 30, No. 35, Ed. 1, Thursday, February 1, 1917, newspaper, February 1, 1917; Beaver, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69142/m1/2/: accessed February 24, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.