The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 29, No. 32, Ed. 1, Thursday, January 13, 1916 Page: 2 of 10

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" I MTPTrnftl nflBlrHlrvL
wtoienn UHI1HUHG
In Return for His Doard and Lodging
Ho Keeps the City Hall and Its
environments Clean as
a Whistle.
Tat Is an Irishman. Even' Watson
tho dull-witted friend ot tho great
Sherlock would know that without
WHEN tho president of An-
dorra aoiit a messngu to
rronldoiit Wilson many an
Amorlcan was compelled to
hunt up on tho map tho location of
ilio tiny ropubllo In tho Pyroncos.
'Who has over beon In Andorra 7"
naked tho Chicago Evening Post and
tin reply Marlon II. Drnko wrotos
"In tho siimmor ot 1913 I tried to
jroadi this quaint ancient and hidden
ropubllo from tho Spanish sldo but
could gain no oBsurnnco from any tour-
ist ofllco In Madrid that It was acces-
sible so I went tho long way around
Ma Uarcolono Pcrplgnan Cnrcas-
fconno Toulouso Folx and Ax-los-Thermos.
In Franco. Horo I was
warned that tho trip was dangorous.
that thcro woro smugglers and brig-
ands and torrlblo mountain storms
pnd that a woman who took this trip
might not return nllvo. This only
shotted my traveler's spirit and I
bought a pair ot lioiup soled shoos
jmcked a knapsack strapped n camera
ivcr my shoulder and wont by post-
rhalno to L'Hospltalct whoro I on-
raged as guldo an Andorrnn boy
liandsomo respoctful and neatly
Ircs3cd In brotvn corduroy who was
m? ww' wssab .m
r&mr. . aw mmmMjm
working at tho dirty little Inn hired
n mountain horse and with sup-
praised cxcltomcnt startod out over
the rocky pathway back of tho rude
llttlo church ot this far-south town
of France.
"1 mounted higher r.nd higher abovo
the rushing Arlegt river sometimes
tramping and somotlnos on horsoback
over tho watorshod Utitweon Franco
end Spain up into tho pastoral coun-
try of Andorra. Once wheu my horse
was picking his way along a moun-
tain ledgo a fat cow stood calmly
across tho pathway. 1 looked far up
tho mountain and down in tho depths
of tho valley and wondered what would
lmppon when quietly apparently with-
out noticing roe Mrs. Cow throw her
weight on her hind legs and tobog-
ganed down tho slippery grass. A
drenching rain poured from tho clouds
lightning played around tho mountain
peaks and It was thrilling to bo in
that lonely grandeur.
Hard Trip In Mountains.
"I walked and rodo over loose
stones on narrow and fearsomo
ledges at times abovo and ofton bo-
low cascades over hard sharp cut-
ting slippery slato par quaint stono
Khrtnes with Iron crosses tiny tor-
raced fields ot vegetables and tobac-
co perpendicular hayflelds amid tho
-wonderful stillness ot tho lofty Pyre-
nees and the noisy rushing torronts.
1 waded through trickling cool breaks
wbero rivers wero born and Btoppod
tho first night at Soldou whero 1
found good food whlto tablecloth and
napkins and slopt In a room with a
rough stono lloor on n good bed wltti
embroidered sheets and pillow slips
Tho peoplo wcro kindly Interested In
tho news of tho outsldo world cour-
teous somo quiet and somo loquacious.
"I wa3 now In tho valley of tho V
lira river which flows south InU
Spain nnd over tho rocky road from
Canlllo and Encamp I passed churches
built of tho brownish gray stones ol
tho country with Catalan boll towers.
At Andorra la Vlella tho capital they
wcro cclobratlng tholr day of liberty
and their flags of yellow bluo nnd
rod tho blended colors of Spain the
spiritual and Franco tho tomporal
mothor woro flying In summer sun-
shlno. I walked Into Las Escuhlas late
In tho afternoon passing bubbling buI-
phur springs nnd was greeted hospi-
tably by Doctor Pla tho cultured pro-
prietor ot n flrst-clcas hostelry. My
Uttlo guldo loft mo to rotum to tho
dirty muddy town of L'llospltnlet. I
hado him fnrowoll In French and ha
roplled in Catalan tho Andorran
tongue. At Las Escaldas hotel I found
many fat Spanish priests gay and
Jolly who had como for tho sulphur
baths as well ns numerous Andnlu-
slans up In tho cool Pyrenees for tholr
Raise Many Cattle.
Andorra has six counties about a
dozen towns and somo flvo thousand
Tho chief ocupatlon ot tho people
is cattlo raising nnd thousands upon
thousands ot cows may bo seen brows-
ing in tho rich pastures yet it has
novor occurred to Andorrans to milk
theso cows 'and butter and mlllc nro
unknown in tho republic. Dairy prod-
ucts aro nonexistent. Tho only choose
mndo is that from tho milk ot sheep.
Visitors find it lmposslblo to procure
milk or cream for their coffco.
Tho capital Andorra in Vlolla has
a population ot COO and contains the
Caba do la Vail or houso of represen-
tatives. This Is a largo E'xtoonth-con-tury
building at tho oxtrcmlty ot the
town overlooking tho valley toward
Spain. It Is parliament houso town
hall school palace ot Jv.stlco and ha
tel far tho councilors all In ono. It
Is also used as a temporary prison in
the raro cases when a prison is noces
sary. Crime in Andorra is practical!)
unknown. Tho only Andorrnnp suf
terlng imprisonment aro tho smug-
glers ot tobacco caught by tho French
or Spanish customs officers and these
aro not lookod upon as malefactors by
tholr fellow cltttons. Smuggling It
I regarded as a legitimate trade
being told Also Jio is short wcaririg
chin whiskers nnd stepping lively. Ho
Is sixty-live nnd Industrious. And ho
keeps tho city hall nnd Its neighbor-
hood in Wichita Knn clean as n
whlstlo without having any stipulated
snlnry. relates tha Now York Sin All
Pat asks Is a chanco to Bleep lriBldo
tho city Jail nnd a blto to cat and a
bit of smoking tobacco.
From early morn until do try ovo
with shovel brush and broom ho op-
crates upon tho pavements. Tho al-
loys about tho neighboring buildings
nro nlwnys splc nnd spnn. Nobody
told Pat to do tho Job and nobody can
prevent him from doing It Ilo Just
nnnoxed It ami for this reason:
Pat Ityan used to llvo on n sand
boat on tho Arkansas river. It was
tho only homo ho had. Iltit somcono
thought it his duty to object to Pat
presence thoro nnd soon ho was out
of n domicile Ho looked nbout and
then his Irish wit enmo to tho rescue.
Ho hit upon n schomo that worked out
nil right. Ho simply walked Into tho
city hall nnd took up his residenco in
tho Jail adjoining.
Ho was not put umW nrrcst. Ho
merely began to stay 'nlghti at tho
Jail nnd days ho worked nbout tho
building nnd tho streets and nl'.?v.
wnys In tho vicinity. Tho work ho
doea voluntarily for tho city more
than pays for tho food ho consumes
and tho bed under shelter which ho
seems glad to got. His hobby Is keep-
ing things elenn. No ono has moro
prido in n shining brass rail than
Pat. If ho wero a shoo artist ho would
glvo so much tlmo to a slnglo pair
that ho would prevent customers from
catching trains. "Why ho's moro
conscientious by far than tho chaps
who spend tho monoy tho citizens pay
In In taxes" say observers who havo
watched Pat. At first thoy mndo Jokes
about tho hobo; now thoy rather ad-
mlro him.
Ono lay tho rain was coming down
In sheets. Pnt grabbed a shovel and
hustled for tho door.
"Horo" somcono yolled "you don't
want to get into that tornndo. You'll
catch your death."
''I'm going to let tho water out ot
that alloy" Pat called back and out
ho went.
Ho camo back soaked but thero
wasn't any overflow bothering mer-
chants whose back doors opened
on tho alloy after that storm was
After somo weeks Pat has become
a sort of oxhlblt A in tho city's col-
lection of curiosities.
Building Great Warship.
Tho now drcadnaught California to
bo completed In February will meas-
ure C42 feet In length nnd for n fow
months will bo tho largest craft in tho
world England la building ono 800
feet long which will probaljly be
launched noit summer.
Tho California Is tho first Amorlcan
naval vessel to bo built with Its bow
curved nft below tho wator. Tho bown
of tho cl lcr boats curved forward bo-
low tho wator. so that thoy formed
rams which wero formidable weapons.
Thoy aro obsoleto now because tho
high power of tho modern naval guns
makes It Iraposslblo for war esscls to
como close enough together to ram
each other
Tho nrmnturo ot tho California Is
thicker than that of nny other boat in
tho world. Sho will havo n speed of 21
knots nn hour nnd can carry 1 058
men Tho cost ot tho boat alono is
$7000000. but her equipment of guns
and ammunition will lncrcaso tho
valuo to $15000000.
Game-Raising Farm.
From tho first gamo farm in Minne-
sota tables of epicures will bo sup-
plied with pheasants and mallard
ducks within two years and possibly
within ono year It present hopes aro
"Wo will ralso ruffed grouso prai-
rie chickens pheasants and ducks on
tho farm" said superintendent of tho
Gamo Protcctivo league. "This is only
n starter on tho 'moro gamo move-
ment.' Moro than a hundred cltUons
most ot them farmers will begin gamo
breeding next Bpring both for sporting
purposes and for tho market.
"Every gamo bird raised and sold
in captivity helps to protoct tho
state'a supply of wild gamo and if
my plans work out Mlnnosota will
within n fow years be tho greatest
tramo-projuclng stato in tho Union."
Upside Down and Back Again.
A singular caso of salvago has como
to light at Quoonstown Ireland whoro
tho IlusBlnn vossol Raltzar arrived In
tow lnden with timber from Oulf
Port bound to Cork.
It appears that on Soptembor ?7 tho
Haltzar was damagod and turned tur-
tle in tho Atlantic but thanks to her
cargo of timber still remained afloat.
Sho was towed bottom upwurds into
Dcrehavon where a salvago contrac-
tor got tho vossel to float again in
her original position with her decks
Sho was then towed to Quecnstown
wnonco sho will proceed to Corlt to
dlschareo her cargo.
ik-rA l -' F9Nm
Superior Animals for
(Dy J M. HELL.)
Socio months ago tho writer had
occasion to purchase two "second-
hand" mules to do some farm work.
Theso mules woro bought at public
auction and woro secured at prices
that might bo termed cheap.
Thoy wero shipped Id tho country
and put to work at onco but unfor-
tunately although they performed
tholr work faithfully it was noticed
that they fell off in flesh.
Upon careful examination of their
troth It was discovered that tholr
grinders woro worn and unovon nnd
that consequently they could not thor-
oughly mastlcato their grain or for-
ao. Thorcforo it was a caso of cither
selling them at a loss or having their
teeth ropalrcd.
My mules wero shipped to a veter-
inary surgeon nnd after a thorough
examination of their mouths ho ex-
pressed tho opinion that they could bo
It was discovered that ono ot tho
mules had a boll ulcor In its mouth.
caused by tho loss of an uppor grinder
Tho lower grinders having becordo
elongated had cut into tho upper Jaw.
causing ulceration and much pain
when tho animal attempted to cat
cither grain or forago.
Theso long teeth woro sawed off
but in tho attempt tho mulo becamo
rcsllvo and in splto of tho efforts of
two strong men pulled back and tho
tooth was extracted. Her other tooth
wero filed down nnd put in ns good
order as possible. This mule was
shipped back to tho farm and In a
fow days began to improve in flesh.
A healing lotion was used in her
mouth for" several days. Tho ulcor
disappeared and after that she had
no troublo whatover In masticating
either hay or grain nnd performed
her work so well that sho was Anally
sold at a profit a fow weeks after
being cured.
When sho was bought at auction
sho was a living skeleton and tho
other ono whllo fnt when brought In
town hnd evidently been fed on soft
food for ho could neither masticate
hay or grain In sufllclcnt amount to
keep him bo. In fact ho practically
refused to eat corn cither on tho cob
or shelled and had to bo fod on meal
and grass.
When his teeth woro treated ho was
able to maBtlcato his food fairly well
and did very good work soiling nt
public auction after hard work on the
farm for some months for what ho
Thcro aro thousands ot horses and
mules that arriving at old ago aro
Btlll capablo of performing hard labor
every working dny In tho year If thoy
can thoroughly masticate their food:
and tho writer would advlso that when
horses or mules ot this class begin to
Majority of Breeders Feed It in
Limited Quantities Together
With Alfalfa.
Heavy feeding ot sllago to a bull
at scrvtco is not desirable and may
rendor him impotent. Somo breeders
will not feed silage under any condi-
tion but probably tho majority will
feed It In limited quantities together
with all tho alfalfa or clover hay tho
bull will consume. To supplement
this roughage sufficient grain 1b fed
to keep tho bull In good sorvlco con-
dition but not fat. Itestrictcd and
careful feeding and plenty ot oxer-
clso aro tho fundamental require-
ments in keeping a bull in good serv-
ice condition.
A good ration for tho bull will con-
sist ot all tho clover hay ho will con-
sume without waste and ten to flf-
teen pounds of good sllago. It bull
is at heavy scrvlco or it is necossary
in order to keep him in good condi-
tion feed suIUclent of a grain mix-
turo consisting of equal parts of dried
brewer's grains and ground oata or
bran. At $20 per ton tho drlod brew-
er's grains nro the cheapost feed but
tho oats or bran will add varloty and
lighten up tho ration. If no Bllago Is
fed it may bo desirable to feed from
a halt pound to a pound ot oil meal
dally possibly adding corn aud cob
maal to tho regular grain ration.
Real Crop Rotation.
A mere succession ot the various
grain crops is not a rotatipn that haj
any real significance. Iloal crop ro-
tation to bo worthy ot the name must
Include some legume.
General Farm Work.
fall off In flesh thoy bo taken at onco
to somo rollablo votorlnary surgeon
for examination.
If they aro past treatment thoy
should bo sold at auction for what
they will bring for no animal can per-
form a day's work satisfactorily when
Its teeth nro in condition to prevent
tho mastication of its foor properly.
When a wulo or horse of uncertain
ago Is to bo bought by a farmer who
Is looking for cheap animals it would
bo ndvlsablo for blm to tako a veteri-
nary along If ho (the farmer) cannot
tell ages and havo tho veterinary
mako a thorough examination before a
purchase is mado.
Tho writer has had about thirty
years' -oxperienco In handling horses
and mules and can safely assert that
ago docs not count so much in tholr
ability to do good work as tho condi-
tion of their teeth; but In order to do
a day's work they must bo nblo to mas-
tlcato tholr food thoroughly.
One of Most Important Elements
in Making Farming Profit-
ableHigh Labor Income.
(Dy A. II. BENTON Assistant In Farm
Management University Farm St Taul
Hccords from 400 farms In Itlco
county Minnesota show that good
live stock was tho most important fac-
tor In making farming profitable. Tho
labor Income or tho amount ot money
tho farmer earned abovo farm ex-
penses Interest on tho farm invest-
ment at flvo per cent and the valuo ot
farm produce used in tho household
wns used as tho measure of success.
Tho productivity of llvo stock Is
measured by tho valuo of tho returns
to tho farmer. Thoso farms having
llvo stock returning less than CO per
cent of tho average of all tho farms on
ttjo basis ot the amount of llvo stock
kept gave an average labor Income of
$19 less than nothing. In .other words
theso farmers had to tako $19 from
tho Interest on their investment in or-
der to pay tholr farm expenses.
Farms with llvo stock returning from
CO to 100 per cent of tho average gavo
an average labor lncomo of $148;
thoso with llvo stock returning from
101 to 140 per cent of tho nverago
gavo a labor lncomo of $500; thoso
with live stock roturnlng over 140
per cent of tho average gavo a labor
lncomo of $911. Live stock did not
glvo n high labor lncomo in every in-
stance. Yield of crops slzo of farm
business efficiency of labor and tho
amount of llvo stock aro all important
Important Item Often Overlooked
in Cow's Ration Put in
Convenient Place.
(By E. V. ELLINGTON Idaho Experi-
ment Station.)
An Important Item that is often over-
looked in tho management of tha dairy
hord is tho necessity ot providing salt
In tho ration of tho cow. All animals
that consumo largo quantities of veg-
etable food require salt. Babcock of
tho Wisconsin experiment station
found in his experimental work that
the cattlo when deprived of salt be-
camo emaciated and wore of low vi-
tality and finally suffered a completo
breakdown. Ho recommended that
thoy should bo fed three-fourths of an
ounco per day with an additional six-
tenths of an ounco for each 20 pounds
ot milk produced.
Whllo salt may bo provldod In tho
dally ration by mixing it with tho
grain an equally satisfactory method
in practlco is to keep It in a conven-
ient placo whoro the nnlmals mny
havo ready access to It whon thoy so
doslro. It may bo used in tho form
of rock salt or place 1 In boxos In tho
feed lot. However It should bo borno
in mind that salt is very ossential to
tho economical handling and health ot
dairy cattle.
Give Sheep Water.
It is a queer fanoy with somo men
that sheop can get enough .drink bj
catlng grass whon the dew Is on in
tho early morning. Stop and think
how very very little- water a sheep
could get that way. Glvo them a good
spring or a trough to drink from.
Wheat vields Reports Extraor-
dinarily Heavy.
When ono hears ol Individual wheat
yields of thlrty-Hvo to forty bushels
per acre thero is considerable incre-
dulity but when yields In whole- town-
ships oxtcndln into districts eovorlug
threo and four and live hundred squaro
miles in nrea of upwnrds of fifty and
somo as high aB slxty-llvo bushels per
aero are reported ono is led to put
his car to tho ground to listen for fur-
ther rumblings. Tho writer hnvlng
heard of theso wonderful ylolds mndo
a trip through tho provinces ot Manl-
toba Saskatchewan and Alberta to
ascertain first hand their truthfulness.
It was rcmarkr.'jlo to discover that
Darao Humor wns no rumoror after all
that modesty was her mantle that
all that had been Bald of theso ylolds
was true and thnt ylolds cf over sev-
enty bushels per aero wero told of.
Theso wcro so high that tho truthful- J
noss of tho story was doubtful and J
very llttlo wns said of them. But
such thero were nnd not In one in-
stance but in sovcral not in ono lo-
cality but scattered In places hun-
dreds of miles apart. Leaving theso
out nltogcthcr thero wero largo areas
In which tho avcrago was over Hfty
bushels per acre which In all com-
mon senso ought to satisfy most peo-
plo. Ono hundred and thirty thresh-
ers In Alberta havo mado their ro-
turns to tho local government as re-
quired by an act of tho Legislature
and tho average of tho wheat threshed
was flfty-thrco bushels to tho acre. So
Itamenso wns tho yield that ofllclal
verification was required before giving'
It out to tho public. Sitting In tho
smoking compartment of n dny coach
whero on passing through a farming
community thcro may bo gathered tho
gossipy yarns of tho neighborhood
ono hears also a lot of news. Just
now tho solo topic Is that of tho
crops. A man with moro or less of
n lilrnntn nnnpnrtnen. smock. ClottlCS
and hands giving tho nppcaranco of
ono working In tho field was asked
as to tho crops. He had got on at
Warner Alberta. Taking out his pipe
lighting it and then crossing his kneos
holding his chin In his hands pos-
sessing an nlr of supremo content-
ment nnd with an Intelligent faco ho
looked tho man who could give some
information. And ho was Just the-
man. Ho was a thresher and on hla
way to Milk River to socure some
moro help. He was requisitioned for
Information. "Yes a good season
I've made a lot of menoy. As for
yields let's sco" and then ho began
to string them off. "Potorson had C3
bushels ot wheat per aero on his flvo
hundred acre farm; from 380 ncres
Roland got C5 bushels per aero; Bu-
gler hnd ono hundred and ten acres
that went 03 bushels; Carr had C5
bushels per acre off an eight hundred
aero field." And he gavo others run-
ning from 58 to CG bushels per acre.
All thoso peoplo lived east of War-
ner Alberta. Looking out of tho win-
dow nnd seeing immenso fields still
covered with Btocks ho was asked
why thoy wcro not threshed ho ro-
plled that thero wero not enough
"rigs" In tho district and that thoy
would not get through before Christ-
mas. An American writing ot a trip ha
mndo through Western Canada says;
"I went ns far west as Saskatoon
back to Reglna Mooso Jaw and down
on tho Soo lino and I must say that"
I never saw such crops or over heard
ot anything to comparo with it in
any country on earth. Tho country
Is over the hill and certainly tho farm-
ers have a lot to bo thankful for.
Thero aro very fow of 'them that
havo dono tholr work nnd dono it
properiy but what havo their debts
paid and hare bank accounts left."
And he only traveled tho skirt of
tho country. Tho sarao story could
bo written of any part of any of .
three Provinces. Advertisement.
Boy Wanted.
"Mr. Jones" said tho boss "I want
you to put an nd In tho papers for
an office boy with a haro lip."
"With a hare Up sir?"
"Yos. I want ono who can't whis-
Itching and Burning Soothed by Cutl.
eura. Trial Free.
The Soap to cleanse and purity tha
Ointment to soothe and heal. Relief
rest and sleep follow tho use ot theso
suporcreamy emollients and indicate
spoedy and complete healment In most
cases ot young and old even when tho
usual remedies have utterly failed.
Sample each free by mall with Book.
Address postcard Cuticura Dept. XY
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
Sho Yesterday was your birthday
wasn't It?
Ho No; that was twenty-six years
ago yesterday.
is her hair. It yours is streaked with
ugly grizzly gray hairs use "La Cre-
olo" Hair Dressing and chango It In
U" natural way. Prlco $1.00. Adv.
!f & man is marrlod to a 'good wom-
an ho may not think It necessary to
go to church. '

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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 29, No. 32, Ed. 1, Thursday, January 13, 1916, newspaper, January 13, 1916; Beaver, Oklahoma. ( accessed May 21, 2022), The Gateway to Oklahoma History,; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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