The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 29, No. 3, Ed. 1, Thursday, June 24, 1915 Page: 2 of 8
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THE BEAVER HERATLD 'HEAVER OKLAHOMA
TRACTS ABOUT SUDAN GRASS
One Remarkable Thing I That No-
body li Knocking It Excels Ai
Thero la ono rcmnrkablo thing nbout
Sudan grass; nobody Is knocking It.
When fotcrlta appeared tho hammers
wero Immediately taken up and thot
really splendid grain crop for thin soil
and dry years had to battlo Its way to
tho front which It did In magnificent
shape. Sudan grass and fetorlta nro
really companion crops; tho ono for
hay and the othor for grain. They
aro both easily moro drought-resistant
than any of the previously known
A conservative cstlmato of Sudan
grass Is that it Is decidedly higher In
fcodlng value to cano hay whllo at
tho sarao tlmo possessing tho advan-
tage of being finer and easier handled.
At least two crops can bo cut In an
avorago year. It stools moro prollfl-
cally than nny other crop and conse-
quently less feed Is required. Its
feeding value Is superior to pralrlo
hay timothy or any of tho known
sorghums but not equal to alfalfa. It
can bo made to servo as a paBturo
crop with good results. Its ability
to mako a good crop under conditions
which no othor crop except possibly
fcterlta can withstand should not bo
overlooked. Apparently thero Is only
ono caution to bo exorcised In taking
hold of Sudan grass and that Is to
look out for Johnson grass which Is
very similar In nppearanco and which
Is a pest except whero It freezes out.
DRY FARMING HERE TO STAY
Many Farmers Have Proved That It
Is a 8uccess Thousands of Acres
of Land Still Available.
Dry farming has como to stay. Many
farmers havo proved that it Is a suc-
cess. Some have failed It Is true but
their failure has been duo to one of
two causes cither tho land was poor-
ly adapted to dry farming or Improper
methods of farming were practiced.
There Is couslderablo land In tho
semlarld regions that Is not good dry
farm tnnd and probably never can be
successfully dry farmed. Dut on tho
other hand thero aro thousands of
acres of splendid land yet available
which nro capablo of producing profit-
able crops under scientific dry farm
It Is of tho utmost Importance how-
ever to follow out these methods most
carefully. Often a fence or only a
division lino separates the man who
Is dry farming at a profit from tho
man who Is losing monoy. It you will
study (ho dlfferenco carefully you will
find that ono Is moro thorough than
the other In his operations. Ho plows
deep and at the right tlmo ho keeps
down weeds maintains a mulch to
conserve moisture and selects good
clean seed of the right kind.
DEEP PLOWING IS ESSENTIAL
Many Farmers Do Not Understand
Necessity of Preparing Good Seed
Oed Packer Is Needed.
Doo p plowing Is essential In all dry-
farming countries. Tho uso of the
subsurface packer or some other Im-
plement that will pack tho furrow
slice firmly down against tho subsoil
again also Is necessary. Too many
farmers do not understand tho neces'
stty of preparing a perfect seed bed.
They aro Inclined to plow and barrow
tho ground with tho Blnglo purposo in
vlow of getting loose dirt to cover thn
seed. This Is a mistake for lousn
dirt Is only an Incident In tho prepara-
tion of a seed bed and may havo but
little relation to moisture conservation
which Is after all tho essential tliluo
in all somlarld countries.
PIT SILO MOST ECONOMICAL
Any Man Can Build One as It Rr
quires Little Skill Saves Crop
During Droughty Year.
The pit Bllo Is tho cheapest and best
silo you can build. A good pit silo may
bo built for an actual outlay or cash
for material not to oxeced thirty dol-
lars Any man can build ono as It
requires tittle skill; no high priced
machinery Is necessary for filling; It
can't fall dqwn; there Is no upkeep
and the ensllago can't frocze. The
silo will save your crop during a
droughty year and glvo a feed carry-
ing all tho value nt tho green fodder.
It you build a tilu and feed ono win-
ter from It you will wonder how you
over farmed without one.
EXCELLENT DRY FARM CROP
Kafir Is Essentially Drought-Resisting
Plant Corn Silage Is Su-
perior for Milk.
Kafir Is essentially a drought-resisting
crop and it Is not proper to com-
paro It with corn in those sections
In which corn does best. Where tlfo
rainfall Is sufficient to grow good
crops of corn It probably will not
prove profitable to raise kallr for
silage. Under proper conditions of
molsturo corn will ylold moro fodder
to tho aero." and corn sllagu Is soino-
what superior to kallr silago for mllU
Treatment for Ailing Hen.
It a hen lays many small eggs sh
has Inflammation of the ovluuct; It
many double ouob sho Is more than
likely to have boou ted too heavily
on .corn or some food twice as stimu-
lating. Glvo both plenty of greeu
stuff and a drop of aconite oventng
PREPARING BABY BEEF FOR MARKETING
The. Owner of These Calves Has Learned the Art of Making Baby Beef.
(Ily U MILLER)
Thero la good profit In making
baby boot; that Is In preparing ani-
mals for market when they aro from
twolvo to olghtcon months old but not
ovory man can mako It. Many things
antor Into tho preparation of baby
beet which vory fow farmers possess.
In tho first placo ho must have on
his farm an nbundanco of foods that
aro woll adapted for tha particular
purposo of making growth and fat In
tho youngsters. Ho must not feed.
foods that aro so coarso that they will
not bo sultablo for young Btock It ho
docs ho will produce paunchy animals
and fall to get on their ribs tho nec-
essary fat and to mako them profit-
able Foods especially foddor which
may be sultablo for older animals nro
often entirely unfit for tho production
of baby beof. Thero Is a tremendous
waste In feeding young nnlmals al-
though n pound of grain fed to tho
vory young calf may produco a pound
of gain but with this thorp Is moro
or less wasto mainly water and tho
first thing to do Is to start tho fat
going on tho youngster.
It the calf Is allowed to become thin
ho can never again bo properly fat-
tened. Ilaby beet must bo started
from tho moment tho animal Is nblo
to tako his first meal from his mother
and ho must bo first every moment
from that tlmo until bo Is sent to
Dry straw fattens calvos particularly
when they llo on It and Bleep a great
deal. Young calves nro much llko
young babies they must bo stuffed as
much ns they will In peace and quiet.
Sunshlno and plenty of fresh air
nro almost as necessary as food be-
causo tboy help digestion wonderfully.
Tho farmer who has plonty of skim
milk alfalfa clover and corn may
produco baby beef at a profit. Calves
can bo raised on Bklm milk until about
Blx months of ago provided they are
fed on grain clover or alfalfa at a
comparatively small cost. Some ex-
perienced feeders say they can mako
350 to 400 pounds ot baby beet at six
months at a cost of less than ?S per
head. In this cost tho skim milk
has been put nt CO cents per
hundredweight. Iloughago figures
at $4 per ton and all grain at CO
conts per hundredweight. Labor Is
put In at 10 cents nn hour. At Uio
COLLAR OF HORSES
Sore Shoulders Are More Easily
Prevented Than Cured Rest
the Team Often.
1 have found that sore shoulders
on horses at plowing and cultivation
tlmo aro duo largely to a lack ot
humano thought and to neglect on
tho part ot tho driver. Wo cannot no
too careful about fitting tho collars.
Tho trouble lies there. Tho collar
Bbould bo fitted to every horso with
precision and pains. It Is cruol and a
mistake to chango harness from ono
team to anothor without carefully ad-
justing tho collar each time says a
writer In Baltimore American. Tho
padding of tho collar should bo
worked down with tho hands until it
conforms to the shnpo of tho horse's
shoulder. Tho surface ot tho collar
should be clean and free from grit.
When tho collars aro removed after
wot king It takes but tlttlo tlmo to
hatha the shoulders In cold water
and It counts a great deal. It tough-
ens tho shoulder and removes all
sweat and dirt. Galling will never
occur If the horso Is not overheated
beneath the collar. It takes aomo
thought and caro to prevent this espe-
cially on sultry humid days.
Cultivation is very strenuous and
heating nnd upon sultry days tho
team should ho rested often tho col-
lar being lifted from tho shouldors to
allow them to dry and cool.
Many think galled shoulders a nec-
essary evil but soro shoulders can
bo prevented and aro moro easily pre-
vented than cured. If I think J
cannot avoid galling upon a hot hu-
mid day I prefer to put tho team la
8llo Prevents Loss. -The
silo Is not the only way ot
preventing' tho usual loss from the
corn fields but It Is tho only way
and tho best way for preserving tho
feeding elements of the corn plant.
The Bllo adds nothing to tho feeding
nutrients. On tho other hand there Is
a slight loss through fermentation
but It docs Increase the palatablllty
Kansas station a lot of skim milk
calves which wore placed In tho feed
lot at onco and finished with alfalfa
hay and corn mado an avcrago gain of
440 pounds per head consuming 34
bushels of corn during tho second pe-
riod. Adding this to tho avorago
amount fed to tho skim milk calves
up to six months ot ago tho total
Is 38 bushels of grain when tho
calves wero sent to market weighing
a llttlo over 800 pounds.
Another lot of skim milk calves was
placed In tho feed lot and finished as
baby beef on cut alfalfa and 3S bush-
els of grain per hoad. Thoy wero
sold when thoy weighed 740 pounds
at 12 months. Tho calves In this ex-
periment however were ot vory low
breeding and wero well suited for tho
purpose. If thoy had been well-bred
rjlves Profossor Wheeler states
t-oy might havo been brought up
about a 100 pounds ot weight on the
eamo amount of grain. These are
somo of tho things that tho baby
beef feeder must thoroughly under-
stand before ho undortakes to start
In tho business.
Another thing to bo figured in the
cost of making baby beef'ls tho cost
ot feeding the dam while producing
the baby beef for market. If tho cow
has given no other return sho Is cer-
tainly worth at least $1C per year and
this should bo charged against tho
calf when ho Is sent to market. Too
many feeders fall to tako this Impor-
tant Itom Into account overlooking
tho fact that they must feed tho cow
whllo' sho Is producing milk to give
tho youngster a start. It sho lias fur-
nished milk which has been sold or
mado Into butter or cheese then of
course this Item may bo very much
Tho calves should bo allowed to
suckle tho dams as long as possible
In order to keep what Is known as
"calf fat;" that Is tho natural fat
which Is on their bodies when born
and thoy must bo taught to eat grain
as soon as possible. This should bo
in tho form ot oaU and corn ground
and If fed with one-halt bran the
ration Is nn excellent ono.
It Is a mistake to feed very young
calves cottonseed meal as It is too
Btrong for their dlgestlvo organs and
Is liable to upset them and prevent
them from laying on fat.
NEED OF INDUSTRY
Men Wanted to Create Breeds
and Perfect Old Ones Spec-
ulator Is Passing.
(By M. K. nOVEIt.)
It has been asked: Will tho fanci-
ers eventually bo driven to tho wall by
the progress mado In growing market
poultry? Certainly not. Wo need fan-
ciers real fanciers. Wo want man to
crcato breeds and to perfect tho old
ones. Hut tho speculator and tho
huckster Is fast seeing his finish.
The man with a string ot breeds Is
not a fanclor. Ho 1b a speculator. It
would bo next to Impossible for him
to glvo each of these broeds his best
attention. To thoroughly know a
breed and to get out of it all that Is
good It would require an ordinary life-
time. Amateur fanciers will often buy
culls from a breed well advertised and
then adverttso eggs tor hatching from
so-and-so's strain. The man is a
worso cnomy of tho fanclor than tho
man who broods dunghill fowls
A wonderful Interest has sprung up
In poultry matters. Largo sums of
money aro being Invested nnd poul-
try farms by tho score aro started.
Thcso now farms aro on the lookout
for utility Btock. Tho man who can
adverttso big egg rccordi generally
gets tho trade. They wnnl. carcasses
and egg records business poultry.
So tho best advice to the beginner
is to Join the utility rank and ralso
poultry nnd eggs tor market.
Then in after years he van It ho
feels so Inclined gradually creep up
into tho fnnclor's fold. It is a stop
that cannot be taken hastily.
No matter how woll our cattle nro
bred or how Intelligently thoy are
fed If tho environment does not cor-
respond with their breeding and feed-
ing our efforts aro In vain.
Our lives aro too short tor us to
try to porfect a hord ot Improved
cattlo from a bunch ot scrubs. Neither
can we keep our herds up to a profit
nblo standard unless we employ well-
Maryland Senator May Boast His
Descendant of 8ome of the Most Dis-
tinguished Families of the Na-
tion Blair Lee Has Name
Linked With History.
Imagine it you can a congress
meeting in Washington among whoso
now Bonators could be countod a Bdon
ot tho Washlngtons of Virginia an-
other of tho perennially famous house
of tho Virginia Loee yet another rep-
resenting tho only less famous Illalrs
of tho day of Androw Jackson and
tho "kitchen cabinet" anothor whoso
mother had lived In tho Whlto House
as tho Intimato friend ot "Old Hick-
ory" and yet another descended dl-
roctly from the war cabinet of Abra-
Add to that a group of representa-
tives of the colonial aristocracy that
founded Maryland and Virginia that
recolved Its vast landed estates from
tho old Stuart kings that fought in
the colonial wars that represented
through ancestral affiliation somo In-
timate association with half the ad-
ministrations that havo presided at
tho Whlto House from tho beginnings
of our government and finally. In-
clude In that group the most Intimate
personal friends of the present admin-
istration that would bo quite a not-
ablq representation of the old Ameri-
can aristocracy wouldn't ItT
Yet thero is among the baby sen-
ators of today ono man who repre-
sents all this aggregated association
ot distinction and ancestry. He Is
Senator Hlalr Lee of Maryland a Lee
of Virginia a Dlalr of tho old Vlr-glnla-Kentucky-MlBsouri
that name a gist of the colonial gists
distinguished for nobody quite recalls
how many generations a relative of
The Leo stock "came over with the
conqueror" If there Is any American
stock that can claim such a distinc-
tion. Their holdings In Virginia and
Maryland date back to tho tlmo of
Charles I tho first of the line being
Richard Lee who came as secretary
ot tho colony of Virginia and was
given extensive landed holdings.
They helped to establish tho early
greatness ot Virginia they served In
Its burgesses fought In Its Indian
wnrs distinguished themselves In tho
old French struggle. "Light Horso
Harry" Leo was ono of this lino. Not
overybody even of those who havo
read their history well remembers
that it was yet another ot this family
Richard Henry Lee who on Juno 7
1776 Introduced the resoluton In tho
Continental congress declaring the
Senator Lee's mother Elizabeth
Dlalr lived at the Whlto House as a
llttlo girl the protege and Intimate
friend of the Jackson family. Sho
was a pet of tho hard-fisted old
Tcnriessoean' and her father In turn
was a member of tho "kitchen cab-
inet." In tho olden days when tho Lees
and tho Washington family Intermar-
ried tho great manorial estates com
R L LI LI D
Swears By Grape-Nuts
Algot Lange famous tropic explorer recently made a perilous exploration . of
the lower Amazon.
The question of food supplies was a big one. Economy of space food value
keeping qualities palatability all had to be considered.
Lange chose for his standby
Here is the way he refers to this food here and there
Lower Amazon." -
"' Grape-Nuts from sealed tins." -
"1 go back to the moloca at noon to eat my
lunch of roast turtle Grape-Nuts and hard-tack."
Everywhere at home or abroad wherever big things are accomplished this
famous wheat and barley food is relied upon to build and sustain vigor and energy
of body brain and nerve.
Ready to eat delicious economical nourishing.
A . ra c a
passed a largo share of tho territory
that now Is and surrounds tho Dis-
trict of Columbia. Tho Washlngtons
had their seat at Mount Vernon; tho
Lees camo into possession of the mag-
nificent tract that was tho home of
Robert E. Lee and is now Arlington
cemetery; the Illalrs somewhat later
attained yet other great tracts In and
around tho District of Columbia and
tho ancestral homo ot Senator Lee
only a few hundred yards beyond the
District lino In Maryland Is ono of
tho historic places of the country.
It was tbore that Senator Lee's
mother a woman who lived to bo
ninety years old and linked tho De-
mocracy of Androw Jackson with tho
Democracy of Grovor Cleveland wit-
nessed what sho considered the most
dramatic sceno of a most dramatic
epoch tho struggle between her
father Francis P. Blair and John C.
Breckinridge his kinsman over tho
repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
Queen's All In Flames.
Obeying tradition a bonfire was
lighted the other night at tho gypsy
camp Slmonsvlllc and will be kept
until It consumes all tho effects ot
Tryphena McNeill queen of tho tribe
ot her name who died In a hospital
Fuel has been furnished by costly
clothing Including a $250 fur coat and
everything she owned or handled val-
ued at thousands of dollars.
Mrs. McNeill was the wife ot King
Samuel. Hor reputation as a seoress
brought many rich clients to her.
Wotorbury (Conn.) Dispatch to New
John H. Flnley New York's com-
missioner ot education said in Al-
bany apropos of an argument on Bi-
ble reading In the schools:
"This argument Is straightforward.
It does not shift and Junip and beat
about the bush. It Isn't like the tricky
"'Which would you choose' his
teacher nsked this schoolboy 'the
tenth or the twentieth part of an
"Tho boy answered that ho would
choose the twentieth part and then
noting with his shifty eyes his teach-
er's frown he added hastily:
" 'I don't llko apples you know.' "
"What's your hired man plowing up
your front yard for Blinks?"
"My daughter has a new camera
and tho Instruction says to break up
tho foreground before taking a picture
and I couldn't very well lot her do
that hard work."
"How did you manage to win tho
hand ot an heiress" asked tho en-
vious friend of a "dancing man."
"Oh or I glided Into her affec-
tions." Thero was an Increase ot nearly
700000000 In the cigarette output in
the United States last year.
Beauty may be only skin deep but
It Is nearly always effective.
A man who Is tied to his wife's apron
string certainly Isn't fast.
"I have included in my supplies Grape-Nuts." '
"At lunch 1 eat some Grape-Nuts (an American
breakfast cereal) with condensed milk." v
"After this eaa (turtle) meal comes for ma
Daacam" Cam n.... HT l
a ucaouu tui urape-UUIS
sold by Grocers everywhere.
FINDS LESSON IN THE WAR
Dean Hodges Points Out Four Thing
Learned as Rult of Great
That thore are four great lessons'
being taught by the present war in
Kuropo wns tho declaration ot Dean
Georgo Hodges of Cambridge Theolog-
ical seminary former rector ot Cal-
vary Episcopal church Cambridge In
a sermon on "The War" from the pul-
pit ho used to occupy In Cavalry re-
cently. "Tho war will teach that a nation
Is not exalted by material strength"
said he. "To bo exalted a nation must
havo beside material strength tho
truo Ideals of brotherhood. The sec-
ond lesson that this war la teaching Is
that might Is not right and any nation
that thinks so to tho contrary will re-
gret It. The third lesson Is that peo-
plo have been wrong In saying that
men aro Invincibly selfish for this war
offers thousands nnd thousands of
cases ot men gladly giving up their
lives. The fourth lesson Is that tho
old belief that war Is glorious Is a
false belief. War Is far from glorious
and we aro realizing It today as never
before. Bccauso of tho neglect of na-
tional Christianity we find this war
existing today. Christianity Is for na-
ttons as well as for Individuals and'
that will be the ono great comprehen-
sive lesson this war will teach."
The Human Touch
There must bo a sensltlvo touch.
A vlsltor-to a manufactory saw a man
molding clay Into pots. Noticing that
all tho molding was done by hand ho
said to tho workman: "Why do you
not uso n tool to aid you In shaping
the clay?" Tho workman replied:
"There Is no tool that can do this
work. We have tried different ones
but somehow It needs tho human
touch." And how truo It Is that )n
shaping lives for Ood thero Is need ot
tho human touch. Wo cannot do tho
Lord's work by mnchlnery. Jesus
touched men Imparting health cleans-
ing nnd salvation. Biblical Itecordor.
- Matrimony's Cost
Timid Youth What do I have to
pay for a marriago license?
Facetious Clerk Well you got It on
tho Installment plan.
Timid Youth How's that?
Facetious Clerk Two dollars down
and most of your salary each week
for tho rest of your life.
Wo cannot remove the conditions un-
der which our work Is to bo done but
wo can transform thorn. They are tho
elements out of which we must build
the temples wherein wo servo. West-
cott. Something Wrong Somewhere.
"Does my new dress fit?"
"Then It Is unbecoming?"
"On the' contrary."
"Then why docs everybody pralss
You would be dismally lonesome If
everyone In the world were s good
as you think you nre.
Barcelona Spain docs a large busi-
ness In tho manufacture of paper
through his book" "The
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 29, No. 3, Ed. 1, Thursday, June 24, 1915, newspaper, June 24, 1915; Beaver, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69060/m1/2/: accessed May 23, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.