The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 28, No. 14, Ed. 1, Thursday, September 10, 1914 Page: 2 of 8
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THE BEAVER HERALD BEAVER OKLAHOMA
Poultry must havo sbado.
Good cowb are bard to buy.
Tbo toad is the farmer's friend.
Strawberries need lots of water and
Have a regular Umo for milking
morning and night!
Cultivate the growing crop It will
pay In a better harvest
Every poultry bouse must be rat
proof and freo from Termln.
All pruning must take Into account
tbo bablt of growing of tho tree.
Raising live stock Is one of the most
far-reaching means of economy on the
Tbo good sbepberd will ice to It
that bis lambs aro entirely free from
Savo every good heifer calf. There
Is a scarcity of good cows all over the
If tho cows aro put In tbo stables at
milking time let each one go quietly
to her own stall.
The udder and Its possibilities aro
born with tho cow and aro aa Impor-
tant as the stomach
Tho unpalnted houso takes from tho
sale valuo of tbo farm and from tho
living valuo of tbo home.
Over-ripS'crcam makes butter that
Is just a llttlo bit off flavor. Churn
Then tho cream Is just right
Keep tho ground around tho black
horry bushes grubbed clean of shoots
as they will bo as bad as weeds.
A dozon eggs can bo produced for
much loss than a pound of buttor not
considering tbo difference In cost of
Keep a box filled with rock salt
whero tho horses can roach It at all
times. It can bo nailed to tbo toed
'u Water tbo horses as often as poo
tilblo; but let tbo horso that comes In
hot drink a fow swallows only until
he Is cool.
All kinds of hay when cured In tho
windrow and shock has nearly double
tbo feeding valuo of that dried broad-
cast In tho sun.
The dairy farmer can ralso hogs
cheaper than anyono elso and natur-
ally this makos better profit for him
from this one line.
Tho beginner with sheep will do
well to Invest ft llttlo monoy for a
good sheep book. Ono lost snoop will
cost more than soveral books.
When oiling tho separator or tho
churn seo to It that tho oil does not
set whore It does not bolong Into tho
cream or tho skim milk.
Great caro should bo oxerclsod when
manures and mulchos aro applied to
tho strawberry plants to se that thoy
aro froo from grass as woll as wood
Not every dairyman can nfford a
$20000 bull but. ltko tho bantam ben
with her oyo on a coo bo ogg It Is a
good Uitng to keep your oyo on and
The turkoys thrive woll on a bal-
anced ration of grasshoppers alfalfa
And small grain and whon marketed
at holiday ttmo will net their owners
a tidy sum.
Cows know when It Is mllklngtlme;
you can't fool them. Try It by making
them wait far beyond the proper hour
and they will mako you pay for It by
tho lessened amount they give.
Quack grass Is a vicious weed when
It gets Into a grain Hold and spreads
by tho large strong creeping root
stalks crowding out grain or anything
else that Is trying to grow on tho
All kinds of poultry if on froo rango
will supply much of their meat food
and grit by foraging but It Is woll to
keop a supply on band and food it oc-
casionally to make sure that tbey
havo enough of these two very necoe-
Everyone who raises poultry should
havo a truck garden stocked with all
sort of vegetables. Cabbage Is tho
test kind of sllago for winter but In
early summer nothing grows faster
than lettuco and celery and nothing
p bitter for the fowls.
Cowpeas shade tho solL
Start on a small scale with sheep.
Sheep devour much roughage.
Weak chicks should be segregated.
Plant a plum troo In tbe chlckon
Winter pruning Increases the vigor
of the plant.
It doesn't pay to keep the cows in
the barnyard all night.
Plan to give tho chickens a shady
place during tho hot days.
If the horse docs not eat well or
slobbers eamlno hla teeth.
Fowls that are to be shipped should
be thoroughly coolod before packing.
Ducks should not be allowed water
to swim In until tbey are fcathorod
About the' worst garden post Is
the English sparrow aldod by the
Daby beeves are cattle finished for
market at the age of ten to sixteen
The sheep Is a valuable asset In tho
utilization of thoroughage grows on
Pill tho pig's stomach while he l
young and ho will 011 your puree when
be Is grown.
One advantage in keeping poultry la
that they eat much that would other
wise be wasted.
A largo amount of buttermilk In the
fowls' feed Is said to stimulate the
production of feathers.
Tho most beautiful cow may giro
tho poorest milk. Tbe Babcock tost
is tho criterion to go by.
It Is a good plan to koep bran be
fore the chicks all tho time after they
aro a week or ten days old.
A porfect flooco Is a certificate of
perfect health In tho sheep and of
good management of the flock.
Pasturo is one of tho cheapest foods
for young pigs beginning with rye and
finishing with clover and alfalfa.
Carried on in a businesslike man-
ner poultry would provo a most
profitable enterprise to tho farmer.
Hot or flat wator docs not All chick-
ens with enthusiasm to lay eggs. Fill
tho fountains two or three times a
Tho quality of milk produced by an
Individual cow gonerally remains qulto
uniform and Is Influenced llttlo If any
Draw tho lino on tho cow that
makes you board her for her com-
pany. Put a good ono In her place
Do not forgot to calt tbo horso once
a week; or better yet keep snlt al-
ways before him. Ho knows best how
much ho needs.
Tho dairy cow must havo a ration
from which sho can produce milk If
you expect her to mako a profitable
return for the feed.
A variety of food Is necessary for
tha best results In feeding poultry and
It la also cheapest becauso It produces
more profitable results.
A swill pall left In tho room with
swbot milk will do moro to spoil a
wholo mess of butter than you can
undo in any possible way.
Well-bred calves that bavo had an
abundance of milk and liberal rations'
of grain beforo and aftor weaning can
bo mado Into prime baby beef at ten
Tho man who has never handled
sheep should start on a small scale.
Tbo size of tho flock can easily bo In-
creased when the owner learns how
to caro for It
Tho ability of a cow to produce a
certain grade of milk Is ono of her in-
herent characteristics and Is so well
established as to bo Incapable of ma-
Ono of the greatest leaks on tbo
farm Is the waste of nppleb that are
not gathered aftor they have fallen
from trees Those can bo usod In va-
rious ways to a profit
As soon as the old canes of black-
berries and raspberries aro through
fruiting cut them out and burn them
thus destroying many insects and fun-
gous pests. Tbo young cones noed the
What tho farmers of this country
need more than anything else Is con-
structive farming. Too much of the
work that has been conducted in tbe
past has been destructive. Dairy fann-
ing Is pre-eminently constructive If
If the tortured helpless cow swats
jou In the face with her tail while
fighting the bloodsucking files dont
rise up In your might and whack her
over the back with the milk stool but
act more sensibly by spraying tho poor
animal with a reliable fly-repellent
NATURAL ENEMIES OF CHICKS
depredations by Crows and Hawks
May Do Prevented by l Device
Adopted by tyatne Station.
. Ono of the chief difficulties that tbe
poultryman has to contend with Is tho
continued loss of chicks and some-
times even of nearly full-grown birds
as a consequence of the depredations
of natural cnomles. It is safe to say
that tho magnitude of tbe loss from
this eourco Is not anything ltko fully
realized by anyono who bos not kept
on accurato account of all his birds.
In tho experimental work with poul-
try at tbe Maine station a record of
every bird Is kept In this way It has
been posslblo to chock up and form
an adequate estlmato of the losses duo
to tho creatures that prey upon poul-
try and of necessity a good deal of
attention baa been devoted to tho
problem of bow theso losses may bo
In tho experience of tho abovo sta-
tion tbo most dostructlvo natural en-
emy Of poultry has been found to bo
tho crow. Tbo depredations of tho
hawks aro moro spectacular perhaps
but in tho long run far less destructive.
A hawk will only visit a poultry yard
occasionally and especially If ho la
shot at once or twlco will bo wary
about approaching it again. On tho
contrary tho crow is a steady and per-
sistent robber. Ho will continue his
depredations just as long as it is phys-
ically posslblo for him to do so. For
a number of years crows killed and
cither carried away or left behind
partly eaten a largo number of chicks
on tbo Malno station plant Theso
losses were not by any means confined
to tbo small chicks but half-grown
birds each nearly equal In weight to
tho crow itself wcro killed partly
Poultry Range Covered With Strings
Two Feet Apart as a Protection
Against Crows and Hawks. .
cnten left behind on tho range. In a
slnglo year tho crows destroyed some-
thing over flvo hundred chicks.
Dovlces of all sorts wero tried In
order to stop theso ravages. Various
kinds of "scaro-crows" woro tried but
with no effect whatover. Dead crows
wero hung up on Btakes as a warning
to their follows but Instead of operat-
ing aa warnings tbey appeared tu'
servo as "Invitations to tho dance."
Decoying tbo birds was tried but with
no substantial offect on tho Btcady
losses. Poisoning even was resorted
to but nil to no avail. The losses con-
tinued almost constantly.
Finally a plan was adopted which
Is perfectly eufo and euro In Its opera-
tion. It consists simply In running
strands of binder twlno about two feet
apart over tho wholo of tho poultry
rango occupied' by tho young birds
until they reach Buch Blze that they
nre able to taku caro of thomselvcs
Theso strings aro run over tho tops ol
tho brooder housed and on supports
mado by cross strands of cither wire
or two or three strings of binder twlno
twisted together. Theso cross strands
aro held up whero necessary by posts.
Tho wholo network of strings thus
formed Is put at such holght that tho
attendants In working about tbo yard
will not hit tho strings when standing
upright. Tho area coverod In with
strings In this way at tbo Maine sta-
tion poultry plant Is usually about
threo acres per year. Tho expense ol
covering this area Is from $15 to $20
for twlno. Tho labor of putting it up
Is comparatively small. It forms a per-
fect and comploto protection agalnBi
both crows and hawks.
Keeping Frozen Eggs
iteccnt experiments Indicate that It
eggs are canned in a strictly sanitary
manner whllo fresh and kept frozen
they will remain In good condition for
years. Tho government has been con-
ducting tests along this lino. Tbo
eggs aro kopt In cans Instead of their
original shells and aro completely
frozen Instead of being kept at a tern-
peraturo near tho freezing point
Roosts for the Poults.
As soon as tho early hatched poultu
(llttlo turkeys) get largo enough to
roost let them roost In tbo trees or on
tho tops of sheds. Don't put them in
buildings whero they will not get aa
good sir to breathe.
Remove the Roosters.
Remove male birds from the flo&k
aa noon as tha brooding season la ortsr.
Infertile eggs can stand mora hot
WORK WITH THE SUMMER POULTRY FLOCK
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Poultry Farm Showing Houses to Accommodate 25 Birds on Each Side
With tots Set Out In Young Apple Trees and Corn Growing Between the
It does not rcqulro much hard work
to keep a flock in good condition in
the summer but absolute neglect will
often completely destroy tbe winter
csg producing qualities of not only
the old hens but tbo pullets as well.
If you havo not rcmovod every win-
dow In the chicken house and substi-
tuted wire netting In order to provide
porfect ventilation do so now.
Better that tho chicks roost In the
trees than that they should bo con-
fined In a vermin ridden building.
Body lice will worry a flock to death
or so nearly so as to destroy its use-
fulness. These can bo killed but not
Persian Insect powder will do the
business. It should be applied with
a powder given by ono person while
another holds the fowls by tho legs
so that the powder may reach every
part of tho skin through tho disturbed
The youngsters should bo ex-
amined frequently now for signs of
tbe big head lice becauso unless tbey
aro disposed of tbey will kill tho
chicks. The only thing necessary is
to rub tho heads and under parts very
gently with a tiny bit of lard or some
other kind of grease.
Tbe red Uco aro oven worse than
PROPER HENS FOR HATCHING
8elect Those Which Have Proved Good
Mothers and One Which Has Just
Commenced to Sit.
(By ELIZABETH PUTNAM.)
If hens are used for hatching select
whero possible thoso which have
proved good mothers. As a rule this
maternal ability will prove tbo samo
from year to year and thoso which
have deserted or broken eggs careless-
ly will In all probability prove unfaith-
ful to tho end. If a ben has already
been broody for a week or two sho
may grow tired beforo tho eggu hatch.
Chooso preferably one that has just
commenced to sit
Fill tho corners of her box with road
dust or ashes. Lay in a heavy Bhcet
of paper saturated with kerosene. Add
more dust or ashes and lastly straw
sprinkled with insect powder. Olvo
her tbe eggs at night. It is sometimes
advisable to throw an old piece of car-
pet over tbe nest for a day or bo until
sho Is fully settled.
Keep food grit water and dust bath
whero Bbo can havo access to them
dally but watch that she does not
leave her nest for moro than half 'an
hour at a Umo unless tbo woather Is
The shipping of day-old chicks has
como to be quite a business. As they
need not feed for the first 48 hours
this plan Is feasible and those having
no facilities for hatching and yet de-
siring well bred chicks aro t'aA to
avail themselves of tho opportunity
tho usual prlco being about ten cents
Tho averago brooder will safely
bandlo just about bait the number of
chicks for which It Is claimed to be
made. Crowding is almost certain to
bring dlro results. Bo chary of tho
homo-made brooder with lantern heat
Thoro Is danger of asphyxiation unless
It Is properly constructed.
Cull out tbo scrubs and unprofitable
members of tbo flock. Breed up con-
tinually. Feed well ond In variety.
Supply grit and oyster shell and re-
member that clean water la a neces-
sity. Keep tbe fowls comfortable and
free from vermin. And then If they are
not profitable do not rest satisfied un-
til you havo hunted out tbe reason
for thero surely Is one.
Allow Free Range.
Both hen and chicks should bo al-
lowed free range otter tbe chicks aro
a few days old to pick up a largo
share of their living but In addition
it Is a good plan to feed them at night
and to give thorn all they will eat as
tbey will grow faster and will either
be marketable at an earlier ago or
weigh moro and consequently bring
moro at a given time.
Care of Water Vessels.
Fill the water fountains at least
twice a day this hot weather. Scald
tbem out frequently for even fresh
water leaves a stale scum on vessels
at this season. A fresh piece of char-
coal should bo placed In the water ves-
sel onco a week all summer.
Feed plenty of clean wholesome
food und water and provide plenty of
clean dry nests In a clean poultry
the big fellows and must be continual-
ly fought They will quickly sap tho
vitality of a flock and so weaken It
that it Is practically useless.
The Interior of the chicken house
should be thoroughly sprayed over ev-
ery squaro Inch with kcroseno Into a
gallon of which two tablespoonfuls of
corbollo acid should bo mixed.
If this job is thoroughly done and
the outside hoavily whitewashed and
tho work repeated beforo tho flock has
Bottled for tho winter uo trouble Is
llkoly to result
More harm results to flocks during
tho summer months than at any other
time owing to the neglect of their
owners to keep tbe house and the
bodlen of the birds clean.
Let tbo fowls have as wide range as
possible but if they must be confined
give them plenty of shade and dig up
tho ground frequently.
Supply them with fresh leayes and
grass clean drinking water and tho
right kind of feed and your fowls will
go Into tbe winter months In good
This work muBt bo done every day
not two or three times during the
summer. You cannot hope for tho
best with fowls unless willing to give
them necessary attention.
HAWKS .CROWS AND SKUNKS
Three Most Dangerous Enemies of
Chicken Fancier But They Can Be
Trapped or Frightened Away.
It Is pretty safe to say that at least
one-tenth of the chickens hatched aro
destroyed by some species of carnlv-
ora. I used to loso on an average 100
chicks a year by hawks until I got a
dog and trained him a writer In Now
York Sun Bays. After that I did not
loso any bo as a cure for hawks I
place a good dog first; second a gun
and thfrd a steel trap fastened by a.
chain to a pole In tho chicken yards.
Sboot one or two hawks and bang
the carcasses on tall poles and they
aro a warning against others. Tho
hawk wants his meat alive so you
havo soma idea how to fight him; but
tho crow Is not particular whether it
is dead or alive. Ho takes It any way
that comes handy and Is more Ingen-
ious in his methods of getting It It is
generally a caso of watching with a
shotgun handy for Mr. Crow as he 1b
much too cunning to be caught In a
Tho skunk can be caught with a
trap and If he has been In a chicken
houso and left undisturbed you can
count on your game It you go to tho
trouble. Leave tho houso with chick-
enB in It just as it was but close up
all entrances to It but right whoro you
are going to set the trap. Then set
tho trap securing it to a stout stake
and covering with grass or hay. Mr.
Skunk surely will come back and walk
right into tho trap unless your neigh-
bor has caught blm.
INFERTILE EGGS IN DEMAND
Absolutely No Necessity for Keeping
Roosters With Hens After
Breeding Season Is Over.
(By J. A. HELMHEICH. Colorado Ex-
There Is absolutely no reason for
kooping the male birdB with the laying
hens after tbo breeding season Is over.
Bomo people seom to think that tho
rooster has to bo with tbe hens In or-
der to gel eggs; this Is not true. On
tho contrary careful experiments havo
proven that a flock of laying hens will
actually produce more eggs without
tho male birds running with them.
Infertilo eggs aro always In demand
ror they will stand shipping keep in
hot weather and bring top prices on
tho market It Is also a mistaken Idea
that fertile eggs have to bo In an In-
cubator beforo the germ grows and
develops. Tho growth will take place
no matter whether tho eggs are in an
Incubator In a hot country store. In a
hot living room. In wagon en route to
market over a hot country road or ex-
posed to heat In any other manner or
place. Eggs are among the most per-
lsbablo of all foods. A fertile egg kopt
In a warm room will become unfit for
human food almost as quickly as milk
because of tho germs developing whllo
an lnfortllo egg will keop for two
weeks under tho samo conditions
which will causo a fertile egg to be-
come unfit tor human food In twenty-
Charcoal and Grit ror Chicks.
Keep tho charcoal and grit where
chicks may havo freo access to It
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DAIRYMEN MUST MOVE QUICK
Three Things Menace Industry: Inef-
ficient Cow Antiquated Methods
and Ignorance of Public.
fBy EUGENE DAVENPORT. Illinois As
A good deal Is going to happen la
dairying within the next 15 years.
Dairy husbandry represent the most
Intensive form of agriculture practised
on this side of the rati. We hava-
been so busy about other things that
f have not yet settled down to the
development of the Industry In this
country. I think the individual dairy-
man has hla attention too excluslvely
on his personal affairs and too little
upon the Industry he represents. When
I see a man advocating a system of
buying cows Instead of feeding them 1
know that he is looking at it purely
from the Individual standpoint He
knows or ought to know that no
business can thrive on that basis.
What you need to do and what we
all need to do and do It quickly U to.
attend to those things that will es-
tablish tbe dairy business as a whole
upon a solid basis.
There are three things that todar
menace the prosperity of the dairy
business: First tbe inefficient cow;:
A Good Dairy Cow.
get rid of her. Second antiquated.
unsanitary methods; and third the-
general public our consumers do not
realize as they ought tho food valuo-
of dairy products. How do milk but-
ter or cheoso compare in the beet
markets as a food product valuo for
value with the other products of thls-
countryf No comparison!
What wo need Is to have threo cam-
paigns of education ono among our-
selves for better cows another among
ourselves for better methods In order
to mako a better product and another
among the consumers to help them
reallzo what dairy products aro really
It is up to the dairymen to educate'
both themselves and tbe general pub-
lic and I believe they can do It We-
must look a long way ahead. There-
are some things that must bo done-
now for tho Improvement of dairying
20 years from now.
DAIRYING ON GENERAL FARM
To Be Most Successful Financially-
Business Should Be Carried on
With Other tines.
(By H. A. HARDING Illinois Agricul-
Studies of the financial side of the
dairy situation so for as they have-
yet been made. Indicate that dairying.'
to be most financially successful
should be carried on in connection
with other types of farming. The rea-
son for this Is quite evident
Owing to the need of milkers and:
labor In connection with tho com and
alfalfa which must bo raised for the-
dairy a considerable amount of labor
Is ecossary. Tho corn and alfalfa
will keep this labor busily engaged
during a comparatively short period
during tho year. If the farm opera-
tions are restricted to the growing of
these two crops during a consider-
able portion of the year there will
be no labor during the day to profit-
ably employ the farm help and horses
which must be at hand during the
other portion of the year.
A consideration of these facts
makos it perfectly' plain that If dairy-
ing is to be conducted most profitably.
It must be combined with tho growth
of othor crops upon the farm- which
will profitably employ the men and
teams during thn time when they
would not be otherwise engaged la
connection with tho dairy operation.
Bludlca of the returns from various
types of farms show that these funda-
mental considerations aro well born
out by the results.
TEST THE COWS REGULARLY
Responsibility for Existence of Tuber-
culosis Rests With tha Owners
of Infected Cattle. I
Tbe eradication of tuberculosis Is
tho task of the dairyman with the as-
sistance of tho state. Tbe responsibil-
ity for the existence of tuberculosis
and its continuance rests with the
owners of the Infected cattle. Ile-
markablo progress has been made In
eradicating tuberculosis without great
loss in Bevcral dairy sections. Tbe
mn above all others who should regu-
larly test tbelr cows are the ones
whose herds are free from the disease.
Constant vigilance is necessary to keep
'a herd of dairy cows free trom tuberculosis.
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The Beaver Herald (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 28, No. 14, Ed. 1, Thursday, September 10, 1914, newspaper, September 10, 1914; Beaver, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc69019/m1/2/: accessed February 20, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.