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The Beaver Herald. (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 24, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 11, 1911 Page: 2 of 8

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$600000 IN 1867.
" . . i
aunaer or urosuys opera House warn
Broke on Enterprise and Decided
to Dispose of Place by
' fc-fii I 'A' "V1 I
V TO! tail
I ' . '
.. ' r "iKfejTir "gp ?S A TfeJf R 151111
maw yvr?Aycr tv rsc is rrorrc:lt. A M&$$ tW
now bulldlns for tho u.o of tho KjMSSJ C "3ffi3BS3i ' IgOSp
Unite.! Slate patent office and & ) MjMPmMSWSW
this plea for bettor facilities for lsKfflSr ipOT'MWM
taking cnro of tho business of tho iMSSl W m&i-94W& (f
Invontors of tho country hns T. : JJ QS' w5ty&i'l fA
brought out somo Interesting facts 'jTtfgftOJjR s ? 3i&1$&wfHJ
In connection with this iiulquo h '"wqjWHiyc 'a .sSKpifc j . SSivsIhW
branch of our national govornmont. .JR IJSfc sNawfeC "JSStw8 $53B?Sfis
And It may bo added for all that r - rtSfil1 a9S&V. aW.'Kftii'SfeBV W
ONOHESS la Just now being urged
to jirovldo for tho croctlon of n
now building for tho uso of tho
United Statos imtont offleo and
thin jilea for bottor facilities for
taking caro of tho business of tho
Invontors of tho country hns
brought out Eomo Interesting factH
In connection with this uniquo
branch of our national government.
And It may bo added for all that
tho pcoplo of tho republic tako a
keen Interest In Invention ns bo-
comes tho groatost Inventive nation on tho globo
Tcry few of our citizens have any Intlmato knowl-
edge of tho machinery which the fedornl govorn-
mont maintains for oxamlnlng Inventions and
granting patents.
This comparatlvo Ignornnco of tho fnclllllOH
and methods of tho government Institution that
dovotes Itsolf to Inventions oxtends even to a
majority of Inventors thomsolves the hundrods
of thousands of mon ond wonion who nro cither
engnged In lnvontlvo work today or have nt bomo
tlmo In tho past exorcised tholr nlmblo brains
In un effort to dovlso something that would bo
an Improvement upon tho existing state ot
things. That oven Intorosled partlos nro thus In
tho dark Is duo to tho fact that tho patent busi-
ness of tho country Is largely In tho hands or
attorneys special lawyors who dovoto them-
selves exclusively to this lino of prnctlco. Nino
men out of ten who ovolvo nn Invention ond doslra
to have It patentod soon como to realize that tho
operation Is nn Intricate one requiring special
knowledge and so they turn tho work over to
somo ono of theso go-betweens nnd lmvo nothing
xnoro to do with tho matter until they got tho
coveted parchment a jear or two jenrs honco and
pny tho bill which may bo J75 or $100 If clrcum
Btnncos warrant for you know getting u patent
Is not exnetly a cheap opciation
Hut to got back to tho proposal for a now build-
H-agLrli'Bir;.mnti i
a 3croar rjs wrsy- arvejr
Ing for tho patent uftlco. This Institution has for
m.ny jenrs past occupied n portion of tho build-
Irg of tho department of tho Interior at Washing-
ton and slnco tho volumo of lncntlous pourlug
In to bo considered as candidates" for patents lias
kteadlly Increased yeor by year It has naturally
followed that tho prcsont quarters nro hopelessly
Inadequate In order to mnko room tho authori-
ties a tow yoars ago arranged to got rid ot tho
thousands of original models ot old Inventions
which had nccummulatcd In tho days when It
was necessary to send a working model ns well
as drawings with nn application for a pntent. Hut
this was by no means a complete solution for
tho problems. Tho patent office must needs tllo
and Keep on permanont record the papors lu ovory
potent caso and theso lmvo been piling up nt
such a ruto In recent joars that It Is a grave prob-
lem how nnd whoro to store thorn In such fashion
that they enn rendlly bo brought to light when
needed for reference ns In tho case of tho law-
suits that nro always growing out ot patents on
However thoro nro othor branches of our nn-
tlonnT government that noed new buildings Just ns
much as doos tho patent office and tills brings us
1o tho novel argument that Is being advanced in
"behalf of tho patent ofllco being granted n now
home In ndvanco ot nil others. It la being pointed
out to congroes that tho pntent olllco Is ono gov-
ernment Institution nnd nlmost the only one that
Is self sustaining Tor othor activities Undo Bam
has to go down In his pocket or rather tho peoplo
do through tho medium of taxos. In maintaining
the pntent office how over tho Invcntois and they
alone "pny tho freight" Whnt Is more not only
Is this bureau for Inventors self-supporting but
It actually returns a profit or lu other wordB It
hss on hand n surplus at tho end of each year
after all oxpensos hnvo been paid. This net sur-
plus has been piling up In tho United States treas-
ury until It now amounts to about J7.000.000 nnd
It is this money or such part of It ns may be uec-
essary that It Is dcBlrcd to have expended for a
new building for the pntent office.
As Is well known wo Americans nro the great-
est nation of inventors In tho world. About a
million United States patents havo been grantod
whereas the aggregate numbor of foreign patents
granted by all foreign countries combined has
amounted to dato to only nbout two million pat
ents. Tbe fever of invention In the United States
has waned temporarily In "panto year" and It
slumped nt ono tlmo during tho Civil war but
otherwise there has been a steady Increase In the
number ot patents Issued and from 35000 to
40000 new patents nro now Issued each year. In
proportion to population more patonts are issued
to citizens of Connecticut than to residents ot any
othor state thus holding up tho long established
roputatlon of tho "Connecticut Yankees." Next
comes the District of Columbia and then Cali-
fornia Washington Novnda Colorado and other
wosteru stntus.
Tho prosont commissioner of patents Mr. Ed-
ward 11. Mooro Is ono ot tho ablest administrators
who has over been nt tho head of this branch ot
tho government. It has been his aim and ambi-
tion to expedfto In ovory manner posslblo tho ex-
aminations of all applications for patents pre-
sentedthereby enabling tho quick lssunnco of
patents whoso uoolty If not validity cau In timo
bo guaranteed by tho government. This will do
away with tho criticisms of tho patent ofllco for
Its "slownoss" In passing upon patonts and It will
nlso do away with n largo amount ot tho litigation
which now devolves upon Inventors by bolng
drawn Into suits for lnfrlngments etc In lino
with theso Improved mothoda thoro Is now In
progress a "classification" of all tho material In
tho pntent olllco. This means the systomntlc
classification of nil tho mntorlal through which tho
pntent offlco's export oxamlnors hnvo to search
when they nro passing upon tho applications ot
Inventors When this vast nccummulntlon of
data Is arranged for ready reference It will cnablo
tho Issuing ot pntonts more quickly nfter applica-
tions nro received than has over horetoforo been
posslblo and moro Important yot It will glvo to
ovory patent Issued a greater guarantco of validity
than la posslblo now when such n document Is
Issued following what may ovontunlly bo proven
to havo been an Incompleto "search" In which tho
oxnmlner Inadvortnntly overlooked Nr fnllcd to
find an cnrllcr patent on n similar Invention.
Tho work of tho patent olllco Is carried on
through tho medium of somo half hundred differ-
cnt divisions each devoted to somo ono class or
Inventions such as carrlngo nnd wagons or llro-
nrms or harvesters or typowrltors. At tho head
of each of theso divisions Is n principal oxntnluor
who Is a specialist In hla particular Hold and ho
is nsslstod by ono or moro oxperts who havo
mndo a life study of tho particular section of tho
Inventive field to which they nro assigned. Many
of these men hno been In tholr prosent positions
for twenty or thirty years and havo at tholr
flngor tips everything connected with tho history
and development of lnvontlon In their ospoctlvo
spheres and yet Unclo Sam gets tho services ot
these experienced authorities for salaries that in
most cases do not exceed $1800 to $2000 por year.
In each division thero la n force of clerical
workers who fllo tbe drawings which must be
presented with every patent application In lieu
of the small working models which wero once
required. Theso clerical workors also havo to
stamp the date and hour of the receipt ot ovory
7 rypcAi nwjcw trjw?A?r?s the
JATftT oyyor '
patent nppllcatlon nnd this llttlo detail olten
becomes a matter of tho greatest lmportanco
when two or moro men discover tho same lnvcn-
tlon nt about Hie same time. Indeed In tho caso
of certain of our most valuablo Inventions such
as Ihe telephone more than ono man hit on tho
Idea simultaneously but tho wealth that lay in
wait for the lucky inventor wont to tho man who
won In the raco to the patent ofllco It la because
of this keen rivalry that Inventors nil over tho
country aro welcoming tho presont movement
to Issue patents more quickly. In days gone by
Invontors have in some instances had to "marlt
time" for jears beforo they could got their pat-
ents and this not only did an lnjustlco to tho
iim-ntor nnd to tho workmen who might hnve
been employed monnwhllo In manufacturing tho
new product 1-ut it nlso deprived tho public at
largo of tho honellt of now discoveries designed to
benefit it In ono way or another.
In an norngo jonr thero aro upward of twlco
ns many applications for pntents as nro grantod.
Somo of tho things upon which patents nro sought
nro not patentable and In many Instnnces It Is a
enso of "another follow tound It first." Tho patent
ofllcc omclals tell many rcnlly pathotlc storlos of
men In isolated localities who havo devoted jcara
of hard work to working out somo Invention-
Ignorant all tho whllo that somo othor person hnd
gono ovor tho samo ground worked out tho In-
vention nnd secured n patont porhnpo many years
beforo. Tho number of now patonts keeps well
ahead ot tho numbor of pntonts that explro the
latter totaling In tho ordinary year not moro than
two-thirds as many as there are new patents
Issued. Ono hundred to two hundred patents are
also reissued each year.
Each applicant for a patent must pay to the
government n fixed fee ot $35 but if his applica-
tion Is mado through an attorney as Is tho caso
In most Instances as nbovo oxplalned tho total
expense cro an Inventor socures his coveted pro-
tection on his brain-child is likely to bo at least
double the amount ot the fee. It Is sometimes
said that our American pntent systom Is not so
offectlvo ns la that In vogue in Germany but cer-
tain it Is that Unclo Sam's patent machinery has
been tho Indlioct means of returning grcnter
wealth to Inventors than has been attained by
tho patrons of any foreign patent establishment.
Incldontly It may bo noted that thero Is a disposi-
tion on tho part of all tho leading nntlons of tho
world to get together on pntent mnttors and to
- work In harmony In tho Issuance of patents. In-
deed In lato years one of the most Important
dutlos of tho United States commissioner of pat-
ents hns boon that represented by negotiations in
connection with International treaties on this
subject nnd seldom n yenr goes by that ho does
not visit ono or moro forolgn countries In tho
effort to bring about nbottor understanding be-
t con nations on this score
.!t.4.4.J..l-.t..!..t.J..ll..!.l..l.J.J.4..1..l -1.-1 4I--1-4M-I-4I-
1 Mendelssohn in a Rage
Mendelssohn in n rngo was a fine sight; for
then his eyes simply blazed out from tinder the
long lnsbes. This wna not rnro with him. The
orchestra nt Dusseldorf was responsible for much
of his Irritation. Ho gives a humorous description
of their lack of tlmo and tune: "Every allegro
leaves off twlco as fast as It began nnd the oboe
plays E-naturnl in C-mlnor nnd they carry their
fiddles under their' coats when It rains and when
It Is flno thoy do pot cover them at all; and If
you once heard mo conduct this orchestra not
ovon four horses could bring you there a second
time" Dole "Famous Composers"
Dpubtless In the rummage of a good
many homes In this country might
still be found elaborate and ornuto
certificates of chnnco In tho great lot-
tery of Crosby's opera house Chicago
tho drawings for which took placo
January 21 1SC7. Nearly ono hundred
thousand of thoso chances wero sold '
at $5 per chance tho builder ot tho '
opera houso retaining moro than tvven-ty-flvo
thousand himself after tho sale
had closed.
This beautiful theator famous in
Its day was erected by Uranus H.
Ciobby n prosperous wholesale liquor
merchant who went to Chicago from
Massachusetts. Mo planned so mag-
nificently that when ho had his build- J
lng finished and furnished he had put
Into It not only nil his business monoy '
but most of his prlvnto fortune ns i
well tho Institution standing him j
nbout $000000 It was too early for
n "templo of art" In Chicago and tho
builder went broke Then It was that
the plan to sell tho houso by lottery i
was formed nnd carried out. Tho
prospectus described the building and
Its furnishings the lattor Including a
number of very costly paintings. Tor
months tho sale wont on. Tho pur-
chasers covered tho whole country.
Tho hopes ot tho winners ran high '
not only becauso ot tho capital prlzo I
tho opera houso Itself but becauso of
tho lesser prizes especially tho point-
ings. '
Tho drawing was directed by a
board of men representing n half dozen
cities. For two days beforo It took
placo train loads of ticket holders
rolled Into Chicago. On tho Sunday
preceding tho Monday of tho drawing
tho streets wero crowded. Improvised
Blceplngnccommodatlons hud to bo
provided for tho vast throng. Every
hall ns well as every hotel and board-1
Ing houso was filled to Its capacity.
Tho grand prlzo wns not reached un-
til the ono hundred and thirteenth
drawing and It went to n man who
was In Chicago ono of tho fow who
had forgotten nil about his Investment
and know nothing nt tho time of tho
drawing A. H Leo of Prairie du
Itocher 111. Several of tho paintings
including nierstadt's "Tho Voscmlto
Valley" wero drawn by Mr. Crosby.
Four days after tho drawing Mr.
Leo wont to Chicago but In recogni- i
tlon of Mr. Crosby's high purposes
nnd the sacrifices they had cost him
offered to sell him tho theator for
$200000 which price wns paid to him
by Mr. Crosby out of tho proceeds of '
tho lottery. This restoration of for-
tune did not last long. Tho opera f
houso was destroyed In the great flro
it 187L
1 w& mzmEgtm
(MwL por Jli!
Somo sermons como near being
demonstrations of eternal punishment
am ur-TO-nvrn nousnicnnpcni
life Itcil Crow Hall lllua. It inakci clothe
clean and tweet as when new. All grocers.
"The heart Is a small thing but d-
slreth great matters; It Is not suffi-
cient for a kilo's dinner yot tho world
Is not sufficient for it Hugo.
Conttipiuon cauKes nnd seriously osjr-
vatM many diese. It is thoroughly cur
hy Dr. I'icrco's relicts. Tiny lugar-coatM
After a Big Haul.
"BInks used to bo dnft on tho sub-
ject of burled treasure. What's ha up
to now?"
"Ho's got up an expedition to Asli.
Minor to try to find tho place whors
Methuselah Btorcd his birthday presents."
Important to Mothora
Examine- carefully every bottle ot
CASTORIA n snf o and suro roraody for
Infants nnd children nnd see that It
Dears tho
In Uso For Ovei 30 Years.
The Kind You Havo Always Bought
Browning a Great Talker.
If Lord Houghton talked moro than
most peoplo ho certainly was eclipsed
by Sir. Browning who spoke louder
and with greater persistency than
nnyono I havo over como across In
my llfo. Although I hnd known him '
as a girl wo did not renew our ac-
quaintance until after ray raarrlago I
when I saw n great deal of him as ho
constantly camo to our houso. Ho.
dined with us often nnd used to
como nnd see mo gonorally ovory
Sunday afternoon. Ho was very agroo-
nblo nnd kind and although I was
never ono of his devoted followers
nnd often told him I had never been
ablo to rend a lino of his poetry ho
still continued his friendship with
mo. I think most peoplo feared rath-
er than loved him certainly men
did; but women adoro poets and
they worshiped Mr. Browning. From
Lady St. Holler's "Memories."
ft a V3 W&
Brlggs I understand that Mr. Blgs.
your wifo's lato husband mado overy
thing over to her?
Henpccklett Yes and now sho's
making everything ovor for mo.
"What do you think of the Idea ot
nn extra session of congress?"
"Well" replied Farmer CorntosseL
"somo extra sessions Is llko some ex-
tra newspapers. Thoy ain't enough la
cm to Justify the hollerin'."
Very Plain In Some People.
Memorial to Famous Women.
Tho rhnnel of tho new Ltvorpoo)
cathedral which Is to bo open next '
summer has a schemo ot beautiful
stained glass windows commemora-
tive of the deeds of good women. Be-
sides tho women of tho Blblo tho fol-
lowing aro commemorated.: Dr. Alicia
Marvel and all who havo laid down
their lives for their sisters Graco Dar-
ling nnd nil courageous maidens Jo-
sephlno Butler nnd all bravo cham-
pions of purity Mary Collc't and all
prayerful women Louise Stowart and
all tho array of martyrs Chrlstlno ttos-
BPttl and all sweet singers Catherine
Gladstone and nil loyal-hearted wives
Elizabeth -Barrott Browning nnd all
women who havo seen tho lnfintto In
things Angela Burdettc-Coutts and all
women almoners of tho king ot
heaven Mother Cecllo and all womcr
'ovlng and largo hearted In counsel.
Possibly Sarcastic
Threo men sat In a row In a car
facing n middlo-aged cleanshaven
man of ruddy comploxlon who had an
elongated loathor caso on his knees.
Said tho first man: ''I bet I can tell
that man's business. He's a doctor."
"Wrong" commented tho second.
It's n carpet-layer."
"Nix on tho carpet layer" said the
third. "It's a piano tuner."
Tho middle-aged man across the
aisle put down hla leather case and
leanod forward. "I couldn't help OTcr-
hearlng you gontlemen" he said "and
want to correct you. My namo Is
Qeorge Harvey. I am a veterinary
lurgoon and It I can bo of any servlco
to you call on me."
They aro still wondering what ho
really meant by his offer ot servlco.
A great many pcoplo go on Buffering
from annoying ailments for a long
tlmo bofore thoy can got their own
coDBent to glvo up the lndulgonc
from which their trouble- arises.
A gentleman In Brooklyn describes
his experience aa follows:
"I became satisfied some months
ago that t owed tho palpitation ot tbe
heart from which I suffered almost
dolly to tho uso of coffee (I hod boon
a coffco drinker for 30 years) but I
found It very hard to glvo up tho bor
"Ono day I ran across a very sen-
clblo and straightforward .presenta-
tion ot tho claims ot Postum and
wns so Impressed thereby that I con-
cluded to glvo It a trial.
"My cxperlonco with It was unsatr
lsfactory till I learned how It ought
to bo prepared by thorough boiling
for not less than 15 or 20 minutes.
After I learned that lesson thoro wm
no troublo.
"Postum proved to bo n most palat-
nblo and satisfactory hot bevoragev
and I havo used It over slnco.
"Tho effect on my health haa been
most salutary Tho heart palpitation
from which I uaed to suffer bo much
particularly after breakfast has dis-
appeared and I never havo a return ot
It except when I dlno or lunch away
from homo and drink the old kind of
coffco becauso Postum la not served.
I find that Postum clwors and Invig-
orates while It produces no harmful
stimulation." Namo given by Postum
Co. Battle Crook Mich.
Ton days trial proves an oyo opener
to many.
noad tho llttlo book "Tho Iload to
Wellvllle" In pkgg. "Thero'a a Rea-
son." Etp rnfl the ibon letterr X new
ana appears from llm to tlm. Ttier
r sauatn. true sad foil of fcmmaa

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The Beaver Herald. (Beaver, Okla.), Vol. 24, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 11, 1911, newspaper, May 11, 1911; Beaver, Oklahoma. ( accessed April 10, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History,; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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